Performing operations and transporting (B)

B            Performing operations; transporting(511534)
B08 - Cleaning(5333)
B24 - Grinding; polishing(17608)
B30 - Presses(7711)
B32 - Layered products(4122)
B44 - Decorative arts(1657)
B60 - Vehicles in general(31835)
B61 - Railways(14459)
B82 - Nano-technology(3676)

ethod of sludge waste disposal in the operating underground salt chamber // 2628559
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method of disposal of sludge waste with a density greater than the density of the formed brine in the salt chamber includes exploited wells arranged concentrically by the water supply equipment, brine-picking and slurry-supply columns of pipes, in the solvent and the waste supply chamber, the extraction of brine. In underground mines three processing zones are created: the zone of forming saturated brine (hp), buffer zone (hb), waste slurry placing zone (hw) with a ratio between hp:hb:hw = 1:0.5:0.25 and with slurry waste supply to the placement zone at a rate not lower than 0.2 m/sec.EFFECT: invention enables simultaneous testing of a mineral and slurry waste placement.2 dwg

ethod and device for air purification management // 2628557
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: with air purification, target quality of the purified air is obtained. The current quality of the air being purified is determined. The rate of production for an air purifier is defined in accordance with the target and current quality. The purification duration, necessary for the rate of air purifier production is calculated in accordance with the efficiency of purification. The cleaner is activated and the remaining time is displayed in real time according to the duration of purification. Control devices for air purification are also proposed.EFFECT: improved air purification.13 cl, 7 dwg, 2 tbl

System and method for evaporating gas processing on the ship // 2628556
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: ship includes the liquefied gas storage tank and the medium pressure gas engine, that uses the liquefied gas stored in the storage tank as the fuel. In addition, the ship also includes a system and method for processing the evaporating gas (BOG), in which the BOG leaves the storage tank and it is compressed. Most part of the BOG is used as the fuel for the ship engines, and the part of the other BOG is liquefied by the BOG cold energy, that has just left the storage tank and returns to the storage tank.EFFECT: effective use of the evaporating gas on the ship.20 cl, 6 dwg

Combined transmission // 2628554
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: transmission comprises a drive pulley rigidly fixed to the input shaft, a driven pulley fixed to the output shaft and a gear train comprising a drive gear rigidly fixed to the input shaft in engagement with the driven gear wheel rotatably fixed to the output shaft. The transmission additionally contains an override clutch fixed to the output shaft, on which the driven pulley is mounted. The belt drive is located outside the casing.EFFECT: increased transmission reliability and durability while reducing the risk of injury.5 cl, 5 dwg

Pneumatic tyre // 2628551
FIELD: automotive engineering.SUBSTANCE: tire tread has a ribbed pattern that includes at least four major grooves (11, 12) and at least five rows of contact areas (10, 20, 30). A plurality of curved grooves (21), each having a curved shape, are formed on an intermediate contact area (20) located on the inside of each main groove (12) of the shoulder region. Each of the curved grooves (21) has one end part opening to the main groove (12) of the shoulder region and the other end part closed on the intermediate contact area (20). Each of the curved grooves (21) consists of the first inclined area of the groove extending from the open end part to the curved part and the second inclined area of the groove extending from the curved part to the closed end part. The direction oriented from the open end part of the first inclined area of the groove to the curved part coincides with the rotation direction (R) and the second inclined area of the groove is bent towards the first inclined area of the groove. The curved part serves as a vertex.EFFECT: uneven wear of the tire is suppressed while driving along a circular path and the increase in noise after wear is prevented.13 cl, 6 dwg, 1 tbl

Vessel with trimaran type outriggers // 2628550
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: trimaran type ship with outriggers-energy modules, consisting of the main body, two lateral buoyancy - outriggers and underwater bridges connecting them with the body is proposed. The whole energy plant of the ship is taken out of the hull into outriggers and bridges. This provides the formation of an extended tunnel in the hull, adapted for entering a floating craft into it through a cutout in the hull transom.EFFECT: basing of relatively large floating crafts on a relatively small vessel without lifting them on the ship and without a bulky lifting device.4 cl; 3 dwg

Spacecraft accomplished by a deorbit device, comprising a detonation engine // 2628549
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: spacecraft (SC) comprises at least one rocket propellant main tank, main drive motor, powered by a rocket propellant from the main tank, and a deorbit device. A deorbit device comprises a detonation engine powered by a rocket propellant from the main tank. A spacecraft launch vehicle comprises at least one stage formed by the noted spacecraft. In the spacecraft deorbit way the deorbit action is carried out after the main drive motor stoppage with the application of the detonation engine fueled by a propellant from the main tank under a pressure less than or equal to 10 bar. In the spacecraft deorbit way, that forms a deorbit device stage, the mentioned stage is detached from a launch vehicle after the main drive motor stoppage.EFFECT: guarantee of the spacecraft deorbit with the application of the propellant from the main tank and, hence, spacecraft weight-saving.12 cl, 3 dwg

System of winglets and method of improving the flying-technical characteristics of an aircraft plane // 2628548
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: winglet system for a wing contains an upper winglet and a lower winglet mounted on the wing tip. The lower winglet has a static position when the wing is subject to static loading when parking on the ground. The lower end flap is designed so that the wing deflection upward with a flight load of approximately 1g causes the lower winglet to move from the static position to the flight position, resulting in a relative increase in the span of the wing. The aircraft contains a system of winglets that are located at the intersection of the gate gap and the lumen line at pitch and roll. Method of the aircraft operation is characterized by the movement of the winglets.EFFECT: reduction of inductive drag of the wing.20 cl, 15 dwg
Tethered balloon with the autogyro screw stabiliser // 2628545
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: tethered balloon has a body of the soft design, rigging, rope tether unit and tail assembly. The lateral stabilisers of the tail assembly are formed by the autogyro screw, the axis of rotation of which is fixed at the top of the vertical stabiliser at the constant angle to the construction horizon.EFFECT: design simplification and take-off weight reduction.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for protecting space apparatus against collision with intentionally appropriate active object // 2628542
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: method of protecting a spacecraft from collision with an intentionally approaching active object, according to which the screen is released when a continuous sequence of signals with an increasing amplitude is detected, and the direction of the screen is determined from the spatial orientation of the detectors with the maximum amplitude of the detected signals among the set of planar detectors on the surface Two spherical shells, which are installed on a protected spacecraft and on a small space apparatus accompanying shielded spacecraft.EFFECT: ensuring high reliability of identifying potentially dangerous situations and increasing the speed of implementation of protective measures.1 cl

Determination method of the rail track spatial coordinates and geometrical parameters and device for its implementation // 2628541
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device, implementing the method of determining the spatial coordinates and geometric parameters of the rail track contains the track measuring truck, including the movable and fixed wheel pairs, interconnected between each other by the support frame, installed perpendicular to the direction of travel. The first and the second satellite antennas are installed above the corresponding rail threads in the terminal parts of the mentioned support frame. The phase centers of the antennas lie on the same line in the plane perpendicular to the direction of the track measuring truck, the indicated satellite antennas is being associated respectively with the first and the second inputs of the satellite receiver, which input-output is connected to the modem receiving the signals from the base satellite station, and the output of the indicated satellite receiver is connected to the on-board computer.EFFECT: simplification of the device design.4 cl; 3 dwg

ethod of regulating the volume flow of a coal-kerozine suspension and a device for manufacturing a burned coal // 2628524
FIELD: mining engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention describes a method for controlling the volumetric flow rate of a coal-kerosene suspension in which, during the separation of the solid and liquid phases by feeding the dehydrated coal-kerosene suspension to a centrifugal separator of the decanter type and separating the coal-kerosene suspension into a solid fraction and a liquid fraction, the target electric current fed to the engine to rotate it and drive the screw conveyor of the centrifugal separator of the decanter type is determined such that the liquid level In the tank for a coal-kerosene suspension fed to a centrifugal separator of the decanter type, it can take a constant value; the target opening degree value is determined based on the difference between the target electric current value and the actually measured value of the electric current supplied to the motor; and the degree of opening of the flow control valve, which is located in the middle of the feed line for introducing the coal-kerosene slurry into the centrifugal separator of the decanter type, is adjusted depending on the target degree of opening. Also, the options for ways to regulate the volume flow coal-oil suspensions and devices to perform these techniques are described.EFFECT: ability to effectively prevent overloads and mechanical damages of a centrifugal separator of the decanter type or to reduce the quality of separation of the solid and liquid phases, the ability to stabilise the process of obtaining upgraded brown coal.6 cl, 5 dwg

Panels on basis of wood fibres with wear-resistant surface // 2628514
FIELD: wood processing industry.SUBSTANCE: building panel contains the surface layer and the inner layer. The inner layer contains the wood fibres. The surface layer contains the substantially homogeneous mixture of the wood fibres that contain the natural resins, the binder and the wear resistant particles. The surface layer additionally contains the imprint that extends into the surface layer. For the construction panel production, provide the mixing of the wood fibres, the wear-resistant particles and the binder to form the substantially homogeneous mixture. Make the imprint at the mixture with the help of the inkjet printer, and affect the mixture by the temperature and pressure to the form the construction panel.EFFECT: panel wear resistance is increased, the panel manufacturing process is simplified.26 cl, 17 dwg

Carrier transportation device and device for transaction with carrier // 2628510
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: carrier transportation device includes a transport guide and an outer region. The transport guide defines the transportation space. The outer region is an area outside the guide surface. The outer region forms a boundary surface for the transportation space in the transport guide. The end portion of the carrier touches the boundary region in the orthogonal direction which is orthogonal to the transport direction. The boundary region guides the end portion of the carrier so that it is positioned within the transport space. The transaction device with the carrier includes the first transport section and the second transport section. The first section comprises the first transport guide and the first outer region. The second section comprises the second transport guide and the second outer region.EFFECT: increased service life of the transportation device.9 cl, 18 dwg

Reversible plates of refiner with low energy consumption // 2628505
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: lignocellulosic material grinding system comprises a bi-directional segment of the rotor plate with the grinding region of the first rotor plate with at least one grinding zone in the first radial range of the distances between the inner and outer edges of the segment of the rotor plate and the bidirectional segment of the stator plate with the grinding region of the segment of the first stator plate with at least one grinding zone in the second radial range of distances between the inner and outer edges of the segments of the stator plate. The grinding zone of the segment of the first rotor and stator plates contains each series of alternating blades and grooves. The width of the grooves of the first rotor plate is at least 50% greater than the width of the grooves of the first stator plate. The segment of the rotor plate comprises a grinding zone of the second rotor plate in the third radial range of distances between the inner and outer edges of the segment of the rotor plate. The third radial range of distances is located closer to the outer edge of the segment of the rotor plate than the first radial range of distances. The segment of the stator plate also includes the grinding zone of the segment of the second stator plate in the fourth radial distance range between the inner and outer edges of the segment of the stator plate. The third and fourth radial ranges of distances overlap and the grinding region of the segment of the second rotor plate has at least one grinding zone, comprising a series of alternating blades and grooves where the grooves have a groove width of the second rotor plate and the grinding region of the segment of the second stator plate has, at least one grinding zone comprising a series of alternating blades and grooves, where the grooves have a groove width of the second stator plate. The width of the grooves of the second rotor plate is substantially equal to the width of the grooves of the second stator plate. The bi-directional assembly of the refiner plate for the refiner disk contains a rotor and stator plate, each of which has a patterned and reverse side. The figured sides of the rotor and stator plates are opposite to each other. Each of the rotor and stator plates comprises, in accordance with the above described segments, rotor and stator plates with grinding regions.EFFECT: grinding system and bi-directional assembly provide the possibility of changing the direction of rotation of the refiner plates while maintaining an acceptable wear time.26 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and device for holes making in part using laser pulses // 2628503
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: defining multiple values of working parameters of the laser generator to run a predetermined diameter of holes in the detail. Defining resonator laser temperature set value depending on the characteristics of the generator running holes and/or material details which perform holes, and regulate the temperature of the resonator on this specified value during the holes making time. The device comprises a laser generator comprising a resonator, in which a solid rod for generating laser pulses is mounted, a cooling system of the resonator by circulating the cooling fluid adjacent to or inside the resonator and a means for controlling the laser operating parameters. The device contains means of automatic temperature control at the specified value generator resonator depending on the characteristics of running holes by changing flow and/or temperature of cooling fluid medium.EFFECT: geometry of the holes is improved.10 cl, 6 dwg

Grinding device // 2628498
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: grinding device contains the grinding chamber 14, having the supply side and the discharge side and it is enclosed by the wall 42. The wall 42 of the grinding chamber 41 can be formed, in particular, round, cylindrical and/or conical, expanding downward. The wall 42 has at least two parts, which are arranged consequently in the axial direction and in each of which, at least one rotor 26, 28, 30 is arranged coaxially with the grinding chamber. Each of the rotors 26, 28, 30 has the rotor shaft and the impactor tools 38, extending at least during the operation, substantially radially into the grinding chamber. The charging cone 12 is located from the feeding side above the grinding chamber 14a. Above the charging cone 12 there is the input filler 11, at that the input area of the adjustable size d is formed between the inlet filler and the charging cone. The rotors 26, 28, 30 have the opposite direction of rotation in at least two consequently positioned parts. The air draft device is connected to the grinding chamber to transfer the mixture of the particles and air created in the grinding chamber, having at least one fan rotor 31, arranged coaxially with the axis of the grinding chamber and having its own shaft 33, driven by its own drive 25.EFFECT: possibility of the material conglomerates collision with the impactor tools at high speeds with the ability to control the material separation by the material flow effective control, in particular the very small particles flow control.13 cl, 2 dwg

ethod and device for manipulation of material in the pneumatic system of manipulation with materials // 2628495
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in this method, the material such as waste, can be loaded into the device producing and/or through it in the boot channel using, at least partially, the force of gravity and at least partially the suction and/or pressure. Condense material using rotary shaper. When this transfer of material in the boot channel can be limited, if necessary, with the help of mobile means of intercepting envisaged towards downloading the material to rotary shaper. Detains the tool move using drive devices between the first situation in which detains is in the boot channel, and the second position, which detains tool does not pass into the feed channel. In the first position, the retarding means perceives at least some of force impact caused by the material in the feed channel and reduces the force applied to the rotary shaper material. The invention is also an apparatus for carrying out the method.EFFECT: improving the work of the moulder by reducing the load and reducing the hanging of the material in the channel.17 cl, 8 dwg

Substitutive coolant temperature calculation device of internal combustion engine, equipped with additional heater // 2628466
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: subject of the invention is a device (50) for calculating the engine coolant substitutive temperature (TEs) when an additional heater has been activated in advance to provide optimum control of the internal combustion engine. This temperature is based on weighing (Cp) between the measured temperature (TEmes) of the coolant and the oil temperature (TH). The coefficient of this weighing (Cp) varies depending on the activation conditions of the heater and it is determined based on a pre-compiled cartography. The calculated substitutive temperature takes into account the thermal state of the internal combustion engine.EFFECT: improved engine start-up, eliminated problems of combustion, stops, fuel overexpenditures and increased emissions of pollutants.10 cl, 4 dwg
Process of producing 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone // 2628457
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of producing 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone, a key intermediate in the synthesis of ubiquinones (coenzymes of the Qn series), in particular of coenzyme Q10, widely used in medical practice and cosmetology, as well as its synthetic analogue - idebenone - a drug for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The method consists in oxidizing 3,4,5-trimethoxytoluene with hydrogen peroxide in an organic solvent medium. Herewith the acid tetrabutylammonium salts of the vanadium-containing polyoxo-tungstate (C4H9)4N)5-nHn[γ-PV2W10O40], where the number of protons n in the cationic part of the polyox-tungstate varies from 1 to 2, as co-catalyst, HClO4 with respect to the catalyst, 0.5-1 equivalents, as the organic solvent, preferably acetonitrile is used, the process is carried out at the temperature of, at least, 30°C, at the molar ratio of 3,4,5-trimethoxytoluene: the catalyst is not lower than 40 and the concentration of 3,4,5-trimethoxytoluene is not higher than 0.4M, an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide with a peroxide content of, at least, 30 wt %, the process is carried out at the molar ratio of hydrogen peroxide: 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenol not less than 2.EFFECT: desired product in high yield without the formation of a large amount of by-products.2 cl, 1 tbl, 23 ex

ethod for mechanical treatment of back edge of turbomachine blade // 2628453
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: blade profile is determined by the digital theoretical model. The workpiece is prepared with an outsize along the back edge of the blade relative to the theoretical profile and the mentioned outsize is removed by adaptive mechanical treatment, including positioning the workpiece in the reference machine coordinate system, sounding the position coordinates of the given points (Ni) on the first side of the workpiece along its back edge, determining position deviation (delta Ni) of the given points (Ni) from their positions specified by the theoretical model, splitting the workpiece side into the treatment cells. The vertices of the cells are determined on the basis of the positions of the mentioned points (Ni), determining the amount of the workpiece material taken from the cell surface relative to their vertices and taking into account the mentioned position deviations (delta Ni) and blade treatment.EFFECT: invention use allows to improve the accuracy of the blade production.12 cl, 8 dwg

Head of electric point welding for multi-axis industrial robot and robot containing this head // 2628451
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: head includes a supporting member with an end portion for attaching to the robot wrist, a pair of welding electrodes held by the arms mounted on the supporting member with the ability to move between open and closed positions, an actuator and an electrical transformer provided with a casing, on different walls of the casing.EFFECT: increasing the compactness and electrical reliability of the device.7 cl, 18 dwg
anufacture method of thick-walled short-radius elbows // 2628444
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: provide the heating of the tube billet with the straight cut, the outer diameter, exceeding the outer diameter of the elbow, and the length exceeding the outer generating line length. The billet ovalization is carried out on the press upto the value of the oval outer diameter along the minor axis, equal to or not more than 2% of the elbow outer diameter. Then, provide the billet rotation into 90° and the moulding in the stamping die with the oval major axis orientation in the direction of the force action.EFFECT: uniform wall thickness along the elbow perimeter.3 dwg, 1 ex

ethod and device for compression moulding for shell-and-core element manufacturing of for vehicle body // 2628441
FIELD: automotive engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the first step, the moulded material is pressed against the punch by a pillow to raise the area corresponding to the formed flange at the ends of the groove element and the rib bottom in the direction opposite to the pressing direction. The end of the region to be moulded into the rib in the pressing direction is bent by the cushion, and at least a portion of the noted end is held. In this case, the intermediate article, in which the non-end zone in the region formed into the bottom of the grooved element is not retained, is moulded using a punch and a matrix.EFFECT: reduced formation of cracks at the edge of the rib flange and formation of folds at the base of the rib flange.17 cl, 14 dwg

Grain-separating machine // 2628433
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: grain-separating machine contains a frame, a device for receiving grain, two swinging sieve boots and a drive shaft for communicating antiphase vibrations to the sieve boots. The two swinging sieve boots are arranged in two tiers. The upper sieve boot is mounted on a pair of suspensions and a pair of racks, and the lower sieve boot - on a pair of racks and a pair of suspensions, or vice versa. The fixing points of each pair of suspensions and the fixing points of the opposing pair of racks on the machine frame are at an equal distance from the horizontal plane passing between these points.EFFECT: dynamic balance of the grain-separating machine.1 dwg

Vehicle software update system // 2628429
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: system for software update comprises: a vehicle computing system (VCS); a diagnostic service tool (DST); and a remote global intravehicular information system (GIVIS); wherein DST is designed to generate a recover command for GIVIS; after reception of the mentioned recovery command GIVIS is designed to download and install existing operating system on VCS; VCS is additionally designed to communicate with GIVIS for receiving, for each application, previously installed on this VCS, the most up to date version of the mentioned application, compatible with the operating system; GIVIS is designed to issue a command to the installation of these most up to date versions of applications, compatible with the operating system installed on VCS, record system configuration, which includes versions of all installed applications, as soon as versions of these applications were installed and to upload system configuration received from VCS for each of the vehicle plurality.EFFECT: providing application compatibility during operating system update on the vehicle computing system.4 cl, 7 dwg

Seat back tilt device // 2628422
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: tilt assembly contains a tilt device. The tilt device includes a tilt control handle that can be selected from the first control handle and the second control handle and the tilt control shaft on which the control handle is mounted. The control shaft comprises an area for spacing the first return member linked with the first control handle, an area for spacing the second return member linked with the second control handle and an area for transferring forces from the first control handle and from the second control handle.EFFECT: possibility of using one tilt control shaft for two different types of control handle in the seat back tilt device.11 cl, 7 dwg

Delivery and recovery device, method and application // 2628418
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention application describes the mechanisms and methods by which freely movable remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) can reliably capture and take on board easily controlled seismic sensors (cargo) while they are in the process of moving, using a underwater ship in the water depth. The ROV cargo can be replenished without the need to return the ROV to the underwater ship for additional cargo and without the need for heavy lifting and recovery equipment. Also, a reverse process for returning cargo from ROV to the underwater ship vessel is disclosed.EFFECT: installation, control and removal of cargo from unstable environment are performed more efficiently and reliably.16 cl, 26 dwg

Vehicle suspension wishbone // 2628417
FIELD: automobile manufacturing.SUBSTANCE: suspension wishbone contains a connecting bend, a wheel bend and a crank-shaft neck. The connecting bend is designed to attach the suspension arm to the vehicle body. The wheel bend is attached to the connecting bend and is configured to attach the suspension arm to the wheel post. The crank-shaft neck has a pin portion inclined to the wheel bend and a transition region forming a flattened fastening portion having a trapezoidal or triangular configuration attached to the connecting bend. The connecting bend includes an area with a recess near the hollow connection zone, at least, partially surrounding the anchoring portion of the crank-shaft neck. The recess is configured to provide access to the fastening portion from the upper side and the underside of the transverse suspension arm.EFFECT: creating a lateral suspension arm with smaller dimensions in the area of the connecting zone, to which the whip crank-shaft neck is attached.4 dwg

Wing and fin panel or operation of air vehicle from layer composite materials // 2628416
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: panel contains a skin with a smooth flat outer surface of geometric shape and a framework attached to it in the form of a system of criss-crossing ribs consisting of layers fastened with a polymeric binder, unidirectional high-strength and/or high-modulus yarns and/or fabrics. And in the space between the ribs porous material is located, with formation with the latter of equidistantly outer surface of the skin of a continuous smooth surface on which strips of woven material, with perpendicular to the surface flanges, that are fastened with it by adhesive or polymeric binder in the longitudinal direction of panel between the longitudinal ribs impregnated with the binder, space between which is filled with an impregnated polymeric binder, oriented in the direction of strips arrangement, unidirectional reinforcing material with formation of power stringers coated by woven fabric material, constituting integrally with framework longitudinal ribs.EFFECT: increasing the strength and reliability of the skin connection with power stringer, simplifying the manufacturing.8 cl, 1 dwg

All-season tundra vehicle // 2628414
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: cross-country vehicle contains the cabin, the main drive from the internal combustion engine, the full-range pneumatic-wheel propellers of large diameter, mounted on the chassis, and the cargo compartment. The pneumatic propellers contain the full profiled with low and medium pressure tyres, and the suspension is made without springs, the wide frame chassis is performed with differently tracked location system of the pneumatic propellers on the spaced bridges with the gravity center stabilisation and the lateral stability. The lateral retractable support wheels are installed at the frame, the aerodynamic engine power plant of helicopter type with detachable emergency-detonated blades is installed between the main engine and the cargo compartment in the vehicle mass center. The water jets and high-speed impeller are installed on the bridge transverse beams. The engine compartment, the cabin and the cargo compartment are sealed and made of composite, fiber-glass materials and carbon fiber, and the vehicle carrier elements are made from aluminium and titanium alloys.EFFECT: improved the vehicle cross-country.1 dwg
Device for ejecting products under water // 2628413
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses the construction of a device for ejecting products under water, which ensures ejecting an array of products apiece and in the predetermined sequence with feeding an electrical impulse to each product while ejecting it, which further ensures triggering the products with the formation of sonar signals with certain characteristics.EFFECT: increasing the operation reliability of the means for generating sonar signals with certain characteristics.7 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of space rocket movement control, while insertion space objects to the orbit // 2628412
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: method of space rocket movement control, while insertion the space objects to the orbit is, that at the given moments of time the current position of the space rocket is determined by means of the navigation system, the remaining flight path with the previous control is predicted by the on-board digital computer and determine the feasibility to provide the terminal flight conditions with the specified accuracy and, if these conditions are not feasible, choose the new control and implement it with the help of the executive bodies until the next, specified time of flight, in addition, choose the new terminal conditions, that are in the of space rocket reachability field, and the new control over the space rocket movement and realise it with the help of the executive bodies until the next, specified time of flight.EFFECT: increase of the placing space object functioning efficiency.1 dwg

Accessory and mounting mobile device // 2628408
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: mobile device accessory includes a mounting plate for attaching to the surface of the mobile device, a ring having an open part on its side and a connecting element connecting the open part of the ring to the mounting plate so that the ring is able to rotate at various angles with respect to the mounting plate, and the angle between the ring and the mounting plate is configured as a reference angle.EFFECT: increase the reliability of fixing the mobile device with the ability to rotate it and fix it in a certain position.9 cl, 13 dwg
Sorbent for cleaning water environments from ions of arsenic and method of its production // 2628396
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: sorbent for clearing of water environments from an arsenic is offered. The sorbent contains 98-99 wt % of iron nanoparticles and starch. To produce the sorbent, ferric sulphate and starch are dissolved in water to form a complex of iron ions with starch, nitrogen is passed through the solution, the iron-containing complex is reduced by borohydride to obtain iron nanoparticles. Further, centrifugation, washing of the precipitate with ethanol and drying are carried out.EFFECT: sorbent possesses high adsorption activity in relation to arsenic ions.2 cl

Dust trap fan // 2628394
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: dust trap fan includes a body with inlet and outlet nozzles, respectively, for gas supply and discharge, divided by transverse annular partitions into at least two annular chambers. In the annular chambers on the common rotation axis, there are the blade wheels containing the front annular and rear solid discs arranged in series. The front circular wheels of the blade wheels are located in the central holes of the transverse annular partitions. Each transverse annular partition is made convex towards the gas flow, mating near the central opening tangentially to the inner surface of the corresponding front annular disc. In this case, the mating surfaces of the transverse annular partition and the front annular disc of the blade wheel contain seals of contactless type or contact type.EFFECT: increase the edust trap fficiency in combination with lower energy costs for transportation of cleaned gases.8 cl, 6 dwg

Rotor-plate adsorption unit // 2628393
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: adsorption unit consists of an electric drive 1, a reducer 2, a rotor-plate adsorption module 3. The rotor-plate adsorption module consists of the following structural elements: a stator 4, the internal curvilinear profile of which is formed by two circles with a smaller and larger radius, the transition between which is effected through the curvilinear matching surfaces, in which there is an inlet with a filter element 5 for the gas mixture to be separated and an exhaust outlet equipped with a silencer 6 and a filter 7 for gas removal during regeneration; a rotary rotor 8 of cylindrical shape with radial grooves, on the outer surface of which there are cavities filled with adsorbent 9 repeating the shape of the rotor outer surface, from each cavity to the center of the rotor, from each cavity to the rotor center the channel runs radially connected to one of the rotor end surfaces; freely moving sealing plates 10 installed in the rotor grooves; two end caps, one of which is made as the lid of the receiver and has two holes, one hole serves for the installation of the unidirectional adjustable valve 11 and feeding the oxygen-enriched air, the second hole serves for the installation of the inductor 12 and provides gas throttling during the regeneration in the working volume rotary vane module; a receiver 13; an adjusting device of the flow grocery gas to the consumer 14.EFFECT: simplifying the unit, reducing the mass and overall characteristics, increasing the specific productivity and reliability of the adsorption unit.9 dwg

ethod of manufacturing of spherical two-layer products from polyurethane // 2628392
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: providing a steel mould for the inner hemisphere, consisting of a base on which a core is mounted that forms the inner surface of the inner hemisphere and a body that forms the outer surface of the inner hemisphere. In this case, a core valve for the inner hemisphere is installed in the core of the steel mould, which includes a Schrader valve made of corrosion-resistant steel. And the mortgage valve is fixed with the fingers and the bar on the body of the mould for the inner hemisphere, and the outer surface of the embedded valve is degreased and covered with an adhesive. Then, by the method of free casting, a polyurethane material is poured into the special hole of the steel mould of the inner hemisphere and an internal hemisphere is made. In the same way, a second inner hemisphere is produced, after which the finished product is removed from the mould and grinded to the desired roughness, glued together into a single inner sphere. In this case, the gluing line is cleaned mechanically, heated to the specified temperature, degreased and then applied to the polyurethane bonding line of the base material of the internal hemispheres. Further, the inner hemispheres are joined along the gluing line and finally cleaned along the gluing line. Then, to obtain a spherical two-layer article, the inner sphere is installed in a steel mould, which consists of a casing and a base. The inner sphere is fixed in a steel casting mould with the help of axes: the upper and lower, the centralizer and the bar. Then the method of free casting through the holes in the centralizer is poured polyurethane into the steel mould, then the finished product is removed from the steel mould and cleaned to the specified roughness.EFFECT: manufacturing of products from polyurethane with the given technical characteristics.4 dwg
Granular filter material // 2628391
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: grounded diatomite particles are mixed with bonding additives and sent to the layer-by-layer granulating in the disk granulator or the fluidised bed granulator up to the spherical isotropic granules production. The resulting granules are dried and then calcined. Ready-made diatomite granules have the porous structure, formed from the spherical-shaped layers, the rough surface of which has the abrasive properties. The granules size is in the range from 0.3 to 6.0 mm. The size of the roughness protuberances on the surface of the granules is in the range from 1.0 to 150.0 mcm. The granule strength of uniaxial compression is not less than 5.0/dg MPa, where dg- diameter of the granule, mm. The strength of the granules is enhanced by vitrification during the calcination process. With this purpose 0.1 to 10.0% of glass forming oxides of alkali and/or alkaline-earth metals are added to the granules content.EFFECT: finished product quality improvement.5 cl, 1 ex

ultilayer composition, film and corresponding methods // 2628388
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: multilayer structure contains a printing film and a pre-pressable film. The printing film comprises a printing layer and a carrier layer. In one embodiment, the print film further comprises an adhesive layer. In another embodiment, the print film further comprises an anti-adhesive patch. The printing layer comprises a polymeric material and a silicone additive. The material to be pre-pressed contains a polymeric material. The material to be pre-pressed may further comprise a functional material.EFFECT: environmentally friendly multi-layer structure provides improved printing properties.15 cl, 1 tbl, 7 dwg, 1 ex

Rotary device // 2628387
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: rotary device includes an electric motor 1 and a mixing chamber 2 provided with a supply pipe 3 and a discharge pipe 4 and coaxially arranged discs of a rotor 5 and a stator 6 with elements for generating the cavitation process in the liquid product being processed which fills the mixing chamber 2. The elements for generating the cavitation process are placed on the working surfaces of the mentioned discs opposite to each other in alternating concentric circles. Each element for generating the cavitation process is made in the form of the de Laval nozzle or an attachment similar to the de Laval nozzle, tangentially mounted on the working surfaces of the rotor disc 5 at a distance (Ai) and the stator disk 6 at a distance (A'i) from the axis of the corresponding disk, wherein the values (Ai) and (A'i) are determined by the following dependencies: 0,1D1≤Ai<0,55 D1, 0,1D2≤A'i<0,45 D2, where Ai is the distance from the disk axis to the i-th de Laval nozzle or the attachment similar to the Laval nozzle, mounted on the working surface of the rotor disk 5, mm; A'i is the distance from the disk axis to the i-th de Laval nozzle or the attachment similar to the Laval nozzle, mounted on the working surface of the stator disk 6, mm; D1 is the diameter of the working surface of the rotor disk 5, mm; D2 is the diameter of the working surface of the stator disk 6, mm.EFFECT: ensuring a high degree of dispersion and decontamination of the liquid product supplied to the rotary device by increasing the efficiency of the cavitation effect on the liquid product.2 cl, 7 dwg

Tank manufacturing method // 2628386
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of the open tank from the top, contains the lower wall, the vertical perimetrical wall and vertical inner wall between one part of the perimetrical wall and the other part of the perimetrical wall. At that the perimetrical wall and inner wall form the first and the second compartments inside the tank. According to the method, the melted water-soluble polymer is injected into the mould cavity between the cooperating male and female parts of the mould. Also, there is the first and the second male parts, configured for independent movement and separated by the gap in which the inner wall is formed. At that the first and the second male parts correspond to the first and the second compartments of the moulded tank. In the manufacturing method of the mould parts, the first and the second mould parts and the female part of the mould are formed and polish all surfaces contacting to the surface polymer.EFFECT: provision the simplicity of products manufacturing with reduced wall thickness.12 cl, 7 dwg

Device for creating and cleaning air flow from impurities // 2628384
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device for creating and cleaning an air flow from impurities contains a settling chamber with inlet and outlet nozzles, a counterflow louvered dust collector with an outlet nozzle, a removal device and a separation wall, a cross flow fan located between the settling chamber and the dust remover and having a blade wheel, a curvilinear and rectilinear parts of the housing. The designed louvered rectilinear part of the housing with the separation wall of the fan forms its outlet channel, the inlet window of the fan is located in the outlet nozzle of the settling chamber, the separation wall is part of the wall separating the settling chamber from the dust collector, and the outlet channel of the fan is connected with a discharge countercurrent louvered nozzle. The rectilinear louvered part of the fan housing with respect to its curvilinear part is turned towards the settling chamber, the discharge louvered countercurrent nozzle has a convergent shape, its outer wall is made louvered, parallel to the rectilinear part of the fan housing and is displaced relative to the settling chamber, and the separation partition of the dust collector chamber is made louvered.EFFECT: increased cleanliness of the air flow and reduced energy spent on cleaning the air from impurities.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for nonchemical cleaning of saponite-containing water and compaction of saponite-containing sediment // 2628383
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: in order to carry out the method, the contaminated saponite-containing water from the source of its formation (1) through a pulp pump station (3) and pulp line (4) is discharged to the offshore part (I) of the tailing dump (9) along the entire inner perimeter. A number of floating acoustic modules with emitters (14) are installed in the peripheral part (II) of the tailing dump (9) adjacent on the inner part to the k (I) and hydroacoustic signals of the sound and ultrasonic frequency range are generated and emitted, and continuous emission of signals of low sound frequency range is generated. The hydroacoustic signals of the sound and ultrasonic frequency ranges are formed with an acoustic pressure amplitude of at least 102 Pa at a distance of 1m from the hydroacoustic radiator, they impact on saponite-containing water for degassing, hydroacoustic coagulation of saponite-containing slime particles, and compaction of the saponite-containing sediment. The formation, amplification and emission of continuous hydroacoustic signals of a low sound frequency range are carried out in the frequency range from tens of Hz to units of kHz, with an acoustic pressure amplitude of at least 103 Pa at a distance of 1m from the hydroacoustic radiator and impact on the saponite-containing sediment. During the freeze-up period, an acoustically compacted saponite-containing sediment is raised to the ice surface and laid on the ice in the non-working offshore part of the tailing dump. In the summer period, the saponite-containing sediment is thawed with separation into a finally compacted saponite-containing sediment and clarified saponite-containing water with its subsequent use in the technological process.EFFECT: method provides a quick and qualitative separation of the saponite-containing tails of the concentrating plant into two phases, the compaction of the obtained saponite-containing sediment and the body of the waterproof dam, the clarification of large volumes of saponite-containing water, and the increased environmental safety of the tailing dump operation.8 dwg, 1 ex

Textile type texturized nonwoven fabric, containing paper forming filament, calender roll and material manufacturing method // 2628381
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: calender roll is used to produce the texturized nonwoven material, containing the paper-forming filament. The calender roll includes a protruding relief, that includes: a base element, having the ring shape, at that the ring defines a top relative to the central part of the ring, defining the recess and the grinded surrounding area, at that the ring containing at least one radial channel, providing the recess communication with the grinded surrounding area in such a way to determine the discrete calendering surface; repeating of the specified base element along a plurality of rows and columns, substantially along the entire peripheral surface of the calender roll, at that the repeating is being regular, with the exception of a plurality of substantially longitudinally oriented parts and transversely oriented parts, at that the mentioned parts have limited size with respect to the size of the calender roll and are optionally distributed so as to define a plurality of the optionally distributed longitudinal and transverse lines in the texturized nonwoven material, containing the paper forming filament, forming a visually textile type texture.EFFECT: creation of the texturized nonwoven material, containing the paper forming filament, having the appearance of the textile type material with high quality, improved aesthetic characteristics.16 cl, 13 dwg

Acoustic polymeric intermediate layers, sustainable to defects formation // 2628380
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: polymer layer for multi-layer glass panels comprises three polymer layers containing plasticized polyvinyl butyral with a molecular weight less than 140,000 Da in which the second polymer layer is positioned between the first polymer layer and the third polymer layer to form a polymer intermediate layer with two outer layers and one inner layer.EFFECT: creation of an intermediate layer for shatterproof glass, which provides glass with an increased level of sound insulation, reduced light transmission, and the absence of optical defects.10 cl, 3 tbl, 4 dwg

Valuable document protected from forgery, and method of determining its authenticity // 2628378
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: document includes a substrate and contains two hidden markings visually indistinguishable, when observed in daylighting on its surface, or in its composition. The markings are made in the form of periodic code sequences. The code sequences contain predetermined information. The material of one of the markings has magnetic properties different from the magnetic properties of the substrate material, and the second marking material has spectral properties or luminescent properties in the infrared spectral range that are different from the corresponding spectral or luminescent properties of the substrate material.EFFECT: increasing the security level of a valuable document from partial forgery.18 cl, 7 ex, 4 dwg

Coin-like article // 2628377
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: coin-like article with a polished and/or embossed surface containing sections on which the microrelief is applied is proposed. The microrelief is an ordered set of protrusions and hollows with a size of 0.5-5.0 mcm, which is a constituent part of the decoration of the article external appearance. When the halogen lamp is exposed to the full light range at an angle of 45 degrees to the coin-like article surface, intensity of the beam reflected from the surface area with the applied microrelief has is at least 48% lower than the intensity of reflection from the surface area of the article without a microrelief.EFFECT: creation of articles containing a security feature with an increased degree of protection due to the reliability of its determination and presence of the said protective feature in the composition of the external appearance of the article.4 cl, 7 dwg

Complex for industrial discharges and sewage water treatment // 2628376
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: complex includes a housing with a capacity of (1), a transport-dewatering unit (5), three-type modular water purification devices (2, 3, 4), water supply (19) and discharge (10) devices. The capacity (1) of a triangular or trapezoidal section has an angle of sides inclination of 43-48° and is docked with the hulls of transport-dewatering units - horizontal (7) and inclined (8). Inside the case, modular water purification devices (2, 3, 4) of the same type are installed in pairs, separated by transverse partitions (6). The receiving section (9) is separated from modular "blinds" (2) devices by a partition (6) from the top to 2/3 of module height. Modular devices of thin-layer clarifiers (3) and modular devices for electrical water treatment (4) are separated by transverse partitions (6) from the bottom to 2/3 of modules height. The water discharge device (10) is separated from modular electrical processing devices (4) by a transverse partition (6) from the top. The transport devices (7) and (8) are pipes with slots in the sludge outlet vessel (1) and are docked at an angle of 8-13° with the screws (11) placed inside. The slot (14) of the transport-dewatering unit (5) is cut in the pipes from the partition separating the modular water treatment device (4) to the point of tank filling with water on an inclined pipe that has a tie sieve (15) on the upper end and a pan (16) with a discharge pipe (17) to discharge the sub-product into the container (1). The slot (14) is covered by a grid (18) made of plates installed at an angle of 45°. The water supply device has a flat bell (20), the water discharge device (10) has a pipe diameter that ensures flow rate of not more than 0.1 m/s in the complex.EFFECT: complex provides reliability, design simplification and reduction of equipment dimensions.1 dwg

Dry fiber material for further drinking smack // 2628374
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of preforming and resin impregnation of structural composite components. Fibrous material can be cut into strips or strands suitable for use in the Automated Tape Line (ATL) or Automated Fiber Laying (AFP) process. Fibrous material is suitable for the formation of blanks arranged to receive resin by resin impregnation in the manufacture of components from composite structural materials.EFFECT: improved physical and mechanical properties of the resulting articles.20 cl, 5 dwg, 4 tbl, 5 ex
 
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