Performing operations and transporting (B)

B            Performing operations; transporting(508475)
B08 - Cleaning(5305)
B24 - Grinding; polishing(17530)
B30 - Presses(7692)
B32 - Layered products(3978)
B44 - Decorative arts(1630)
B60 - Vehicles in general(31273)
B61 - Railways(14292)
B82 - Nano-technology(3328)

Assembly on printed circuit board // 2614387
FIELD: physics, computer science.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to the assembly on the printed circuit board. It is achieved by that, the assembly on the circuit board includes: a bottom layer; electronic components, which are divided into categories, at that, each component is attached to the bottom layer by means of fasteners, having a specified temperature of thermal tripping, depending on to which category applies the mentioned component.EFFECT: invention provides creation of an assembly on a printed circuit board and the assembling method of such assembly on a printed circuit board, in order to facilitate separation and collection of different electronic components, mounted in an assembly on a printed circuit board, at the end of its service life, and additionally facilitating the reuse of electronic components and / or recycling of substances, from which the electronic equipment wastes consist of.12 cl, 6 dwg

Tread containing sculptural elements coated with impregnated fibers compound // 2614375
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: tread for a pneumatic tyre comprises a plurality of sculptural elements, including the lateral sides and the contact surface intended for performing the contact with the road during the movement of the pneumatic tyre provided with said tread. At least one edge forms the contact boundary of the contact surface with the road. A plurality of cutouts in the form of a track and / or a cut also is represented, wherein said cutouts are bounded by the lateral sides disposed opposite one another. Each sculpture element is formed by at least one first rubber mixture called basic mixture. In the sectional view of a plane normal to the rotation axis of said pneumatic tyre and intersecting at least one contact surface sculptured element, wherein one of the cutouts adjacent to said contact surface is coated, at least partially, with the coating layer. The coating layer comprises a plurality of woven or non-woven fibers that are long fibers with the length greater than 50 mm.EFFECT: improved characteristics of pneumatic tyres on wet surfaces.32 cl, 9 dwg, 3 tbl
ethod and device for vehicle differential brake // 2614374
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry, in particular, to vehicles transmissions. Method of vehicle transmission using for control over drive torque distribution on two drive wheels by means of differential gear. Coupling is supplied with preparatory hydraulic pressure, having value, providing coupling discs actuation in contact with each other. Preparatory hydraulic pressure is supplied in cases, in which coupling control effect fast prediction is possible. Vehicle transmission comprises differential drive for torque distribution on two drive wheels and differential brake with hydraulically controlled coupling with increased internal resistance. Additionally there is response system for control over said hydraulic pressure supply to coupling.EFFECT: enabling reduced differential brake response time to motion conditions change due to supply of small preparatory hydraulic pressure to coupling.2 cl, 3 dwg

Device for implementation of hovercraft travel and control mode // 2614367
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device comprises bottom made of parts at different angles, rudder, a longitudinal air intake duct of the delivery device in the form of the impeller, the air is supplied from the nozzle at an angle under the bottom of the ship, and a pivoting flap pneumatic channels. Wherein a bottom side skegs additionally equipped inside with longitudinal flow channels made in the form of a hollow or open pipes installed at the end of the curved active nozzles that are oriented at an angle in the direction of movement air dynamic high-pressure jet exiting the transient two-phase nozzles disposed in the middle of a bottom open bottom of the housing.EFFECT: improved handling and stability of the ship, nautical, simplicity.3 cl, 4 dwg

Gripping device for gripping sheet material // 2614366
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: gripping device has at least two gripping elements for gripping a sheet material stack. The gripping elements are made with the possibility of moving towards each other for gripping the sheet material stack. At least one gripping finger of one gripping element is made with the possibility to tilt from an initial position into an inclined position. In the rest position, the finger is oriented substantially parallel to the stack surface. The finger in the tilted position is inclined relative to the stack surface.EFFECT: providing the possibility of the reliable and trouble-free extracting of sheet material stacks from the container and holding them against the action of gravity.15 cl, 12 dwg

Agent with antitumor activity based on arabinogalactan nanocomposites with selenium and methods for prepariation of such nanobiocomposites // 2614363
FIELD: pharmacy.SUBSTANCE: method of agent production includes interation of raw arabinogalactan and selenium dioxide or selenious acid salt in a solvent followed by precipitation in ethanol or acetone, or other organic solvent capable of mixing with water. The peculiarity of this method is that the process is carried out at the temperature of 20-25°C, stable selenium nanoparticles size is 0.5-250 nm, and raw arabinogalactan or arabinogalactan specially purified from phenolic impurities is used as the raw materila, while water or dimethylsulfoxide, or formamide are used as solvents.EFFECT: soluble stable nanocomposites providing antitumor activity, in dry form.3 cl, 7 dwg, 11 ex

Stringer connecting method with covering by beam welding at stringer panels manufacture // 2614358
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: method includes stringer installing on the collar, performed on the covering at the place of the stringer location, and its weld tack, positioning and clamping of the stringer in the welding area by means of the head with the guide rollers, stringer welding with covering collar simultaneously by two beams, directed from two opposite sides of the stringer and moving along the weld joint of the stringer. Thus the stringer welding from one side is performed by the first beam, providing weld penetration to the depth equal to 0.8-0.9 of the stringer thickness, and from the other striger side the welding by the second beam is performed, providing weld penetration to the depth equal to 0.2-0.3 of the stringer thickness. The first beam is moved in front of the second beam at the distance greater than the length of the welding bath of the first beam.EFFECT: invention improves the quality of stringers welded joints with the increased thickness and stiffness.7 dwg

ethod of dip-transfer surfacing // 2614353
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: electrode and part are connected to the DC welding source by reverse polarity circuit. Transferring the material of the vibrating electrode is carried out by the arc occurring while retracting the electrode from the part surface after their contact. In every moment of the electrode contact with the part surface, a positive current pulse of the capacitor discharge is supplied to the electrode, the parameters of which are selected from the conditions for providing the process of electric-spark alloying the part surface by the electrode material with the creation of the diffusion layer in the area of said contact. The capacitor discharge current pulse is supplied with the energy of 0.5-10.0 J at the capacitor charge voltage of 30-100 V.EFFECT: possibility of reducing the welding current while processing thin-walled parts, with the simultaneous increased strength of the weld surface adhesion with the part metal.2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl
Thermally conductive polymer composite material // 2614334
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to thermally conductive dielectric materials and can be used for manufacture of heat-removing gaskets, tapes, sealants, filling compounds for computer memory chips, power electronic products, portable devices, power supplies and power converters, for which it is necessary to provide heat removal from heat-loaded elements and assemblies. A thermally conducting polymer composite material comprising a matrix based on silicone rubber or epoxy material with a filler in an amount of 0.1-80% by total weight of the thermally conductive composite material, wherein the filler is made in the form of aluminum oxide particles, the dimension of which is expressed in nanometers and micrometers, in combination with alumina nanofibers in an amount of 0.1-50% by total weight of the thermally conductive composite material and in the form of alumina nanofibers only in an amount up to 80% of the total weight of thermally conductive composite material, at that, the nanofibers are randomly arranged in the polymer matrix or oriented along the direction of heat flow from the heat-loaded surface.EFFECT: invention provides thermally conducting composite material with high thermal conductivity.3 ex

ethod for producing thin nanodiamond film on glass substrate // 2614330
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: thin nanodiamond film is obtained on a glass substrate by spraying the target material by a pulsed laser in a vacuum. The target is represented by detonation nanodiamond tablets, and the pulsed laser radiation source is represented by the laser with a wavelength of 1064 nm of a series of 13 to 20 pulses, with a pulse energy from 3.8 to 5.8 J and a duration from 1 to 1.5 ms. The process is accompanied by dispersing the detonation nanodiamond conglomerates up to individual nanocrystals and purification from impurities in the process of high-energy laser pulse impact. The resulting film is a two-dimensional polycrystalline nanodiamond aggregate.EFFECT: obtaining thin-film hardening coatings and creating nanostructured materials.9 dwg, 2 tbl, 5 ex
Composite antifriction material and its manufacturing method // 2614327
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to antifriction materials. Composite antifriction material based on bronze-filled PTFE consists of tin and lead bronze, PTFE and ultradisperse diamonds at the following component ratio, wt %: PTFE 5-6; ultradisperse diamonds 0.065-0.187; the rest is tin and lead bronze. Method of material manufacturing involves preliminary mixing of PTFE and ultradisperse diamond powders. Then the mix is mixed with tin and lead bronze powder. Obtained three-component mix undergoes cold pressing at 8000-9000 kgf/cm2 followed by hot pressing at 355-400 °C and pressure of 4500-5500 kgf/cm2. Hot-pressed workpiece is cooled down to room temperature under the pressure of hot pressing.EFFECT: enhanced mechanical strength and tribo-technical parameters of composite antifriction material.2 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex

Reservoir and method for manufacturing the same // 2614326
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for manufacturing a reservoir, as well as to a reservoir for fluid designed, to be disposed in limited space. Preferably, the reservoir is a reservoir for oil, adapted to be disposed in a "slim" aircraft nacelle. Disclosed is a method for manufacturing reservoir (1) having main body (4) provided with a plurality of compartments (7), base (6) closing main body (4) in its lower part, and lid (5) closing main body (4) in its upper part. Method comprises following stages: metal sheet formatting to make the component parts of reservoir (1); assembly by butt welding of each of the component parts to make the reservoir (1).EFFECT: invention provides high mechanical strength as a result of such a design and method of connection, reduced weight, besides, the reservoir is easily controlled by means of non-destructive testing.13 cl, 10 dwg

Packaging // 2614324
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: packaging comprises form-stable twisted collagen carrier which contains a collagen layer and a coating layer containing thrombin and fibrinogen, and is characterized by the shape of the elongate member with a number of turns of the collagen carrier around the longitudinal axis of the elongate member with at least one external coil(s) oriented so that the coating layer forms an outer surface of each of the said external coil(s). Packaging comprises a portion made as a tank with a compartment which contains at least one portion of the twisted collagen carrier. The compartment comprises a hole in the upper surface of the portion made as a tank and at least one cavity disposed at the edge of the hole. The said cavity opens into the compartment and the upper surface.EFFECT: secure storage and retrieval of brittle twisted collagen carrier without damage to the coating.27 cl, 9 dwg
Heat resistant metal-ceramic coating and method of its application // 2614320
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used for production of parts with increased heat resistance. In heat-resistant metal-ceramic coating, consisting of metals high-melting oxides alternating layers separated with plastic metal compensation layers, high-melting oxides layers are additionally contain not more than 40 % of plastic metal, and compensating layers are additionally contain not more than 20 % of high-melting oxides. Each plastic metal compensating layer is made with thickness of not more than 100 nm and in 1.5–20 times less than ceramics layer thickness. As high-melting oxides layers hafnium oxide or zirconium oxide can be used, and compensating layers contain up to 50 % of rare-earth metals.EFFECT: alternating oxide and compensating layers are sprayed with smooth change of composition.4 cl
ethod of spherical powder from intermetallic alloy production // 2614319
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of spherical powder from intermetallic alloy. Method involves melting of cylindrical billet end from intermetallic alloy rotating about horizontal axis in spraying chamber with plasma jet arc plasmatron with enabling centrifugal spraying of melted particles and their hardening at flight in working gases medium, wherein hot working gases mixture is taken from spraying chamber, cooled down and cooled working gases mixture is supplied into spraying chamber enabling fused particles cooling, wherein hardened particles are collected in receiving bin. Cooled down working gases mixture is supplied into spraying chamber with controlled intensity and orientation by means of cooling flows formers, made in form of at least two different diameters axial sprayers, ensuring outgoing from sprayers cooling flows overlapping to make cooling zone of melted particles with controlled temperature gradient.EFFECT: lower temperature in spraying chamber to required values, increased particles cooling rate control efficiency.1 cl, 1 dwg

Suction device design for additional unit // 2614301
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in internal combustion engines. Suction device design is intended for additional unit, in particular, air compressor, and arranged on air intake system (1) for burning of internal combustion engine fuel. Suction device for additional unit is connected to suction pipeline (5) for air of engine air inlet system (1). On suction pipeline (5) resonant and/or damping forming volume (8) is made, closed in outward direction. Suction device suction pipeline (10) enters housing (7) for additional unit in connection point, located at distance from suction pipeline (5). In suction pipeline (5), at least, one groove is made, open in direction of resonant and/or damping volume (8). Suction device is connected downstream of air filter (4), however, upstream of air masses measurement device and/or fuel metering device sensor (9). Forming resonant and/or damping volume (8) housing (7) is installed directly on inlet system (1) air filter housing (2) and communicated with air filter (4) clean air side. Air filter (4), built-in air masses measurement device and/or fuel metering device and suction pipeline (10) connection point for additional unit compose pre-mounted unit.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of device design and elimination of distortions during air mass measurement for fuel and air ratio calculating.6 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of blades forgings manufacturing from titanium alloys // 2614294
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: forgings manufacturing method from titanium alloys includes extrusion of billet under isothermal conditions at the same temperature of heating the billet and die and subsequent isothermal forging of the extruded billet. The extrusion and isothermal forging is performed at the heating temperature of the die and billet 800-830 °C±40 °C at average strain rate not more than 0.3 mm/s.EFFECT: reduce of alloy deformation resistance and increase of dimensional stability of dies, manufacturing of blade forgings with a fine-grained structure.1 dwg,1 ex

ethod of making 3-d products and apparatus for realising said method // 2614291
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the making of 3-D products from the powder in the form of closed shell with a bottom part. The bottom part is formed on the support, then the outer shell is formed at height from the groups of the layers, wherein each of said groups of layers is formed by means of powder filling layer by layer, its planarization and layered laser sintering of a specified area in the plane of each layer to obtain shells of the given height, after forming of each layer group, the inner cavity of the outer shell is filled with the powder to the height of this layer group and carry out laser sintering of the inside cavity powder of the of said shell to its full depth. The offered device is designed for manufacturing the 3-D product layer by layer from powder by the said method.EFFECT: invention provides a reduction of time spent for 3-D product creation.4 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for producing prussian blue/polypyrrole composite coatings with stable electro chromic transition // 2614290
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods for preparation of stable electrochromic coatings based on Prussian blue and a conductive polymer component. It can be used for production of electrochromic coatings on optically-transparent electrodes for architectural, building and automotive applications. Disclosed a method for production of Prussian blue- polypyrrole nanostructured composite coating with stable redox- and electrochromic transition on the surfaces of optically-transparent electrodes by a single-stage sedimentation in a mixed solution of ferrous nitrate (III) and hexacyanoferrate (III) as oxidising agents, and pyrrole monomer with a nitrate supporting electrolyte as a reducing agent with pH 1.0±0.2, within 48 hours.EFFECT: invention provides a simple single-stage method for production of Prussian blue- polypyrrole electrochromic nanostructured composite coatings on optically-transparent electrodes.2 cl, 4 ex
ethod for producing graphene film on substrate // 2614289
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: substrate - a X-cut-off of piezoelectric crystal, e.g., La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14, with planes (110) parallel to the crystal surface is placed into a quartz reactor. The reactor is pumped out to 10-3-10-8 Torr and heated up to 900-1450°C. The reactor then filled with carbon gases, e.g. acetylene, methane or ethylene, to achieve pressure of 10-10-1 Torr. After 15-100 min. the reactor is pumped out again to achieve pressure of 3·10-6 Torr while cooling it down to the room temperature.EFFECT: process simplification, temperature reduction, production of uniform high-quality graphene films.5 cl, 2 dwg, 3 ex

Fluid cleaning system // 2614287
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the cleaning systems and/or desalting the liquid, preferably water. Fluid purification system contains a supply line of the original fluid with mounted supply valve source fluid, connected to the filtration unit, which comprises liquid cleaning means with an inlet for source liquid and outputs for the purified and drain liquid; the fluid mixing device, pressure means support unit, mixing line for the source liquid concentrate, that is formed during the fluid treatment, in a liquid cleaning means, recycling line, the purified fluid line, the fluid drain line and the control unit associated with means of pressure support, pressure change control means, and source liquid supply valve . The filtration unit is adapted to stabilize the pressure in the fluid purification means at periodic fluid flow drainage to drain the fluid velocity, exceeding the performance of pressure support means, disposed on the source liquid line upstream of the device mixing fluid, made in the form of a pressure vessel, which is connected with a line mixing original liquid and concentrate, formed during the filtering process, and simultaneously adjusting of the concentrated fluid volume in the mixing apparatus due to the relationship of the control unit to support the pressure means in the fluid mixing apparatus, performed in a pressure vessel and with means of maintaining the circulation of fluid flow located in the line feeding the starting fluid mixture and concentrate The recirculation line through the connection node is connected to the source liquid supply line, after pressure suuport means and the mixing line of the source liquid and the concentrate, which is connected to the mixing device of the source liquid and the concentrate.EFFECT: invention increases the life of the fluid treatment system, increases efficiency, and reduces the initial fluid energy costs.7 cl, 1 dwg

Fine water filter // 2614284
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: fine water filter comprises the housing with a cover and a bottom, the central vertical tube with the upper drainage and distribution system, the two-layered granular loading, the middle drainage and distribution system, the reservoir for supplying compressed air, the fitting for hydraulic discharge, the technological hatches, the plunger, and the pipe for removing filtered water. Wherein the filter is equipped with the additional drainage and distribution system, which is located under the middle drainage and distribution system and on which the single-layered granular loading is placed, the pipe for supplying water for flushing and the pipe for removing water after flushing the single-layered granular loading, wherein the pipe for supplying the water for flushing the two-layered granular loading is arranged lower than the middle drainage and distribution system.EFFECT: increasing the water purification efficiency.2 cl, 1 dwg

Device for dispersing droplets or bubbles in liquid in micro-channels and method for operation thereof // 2614283
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for dispersing droplets or bubbles in micro-channels and can be used in processes of dispersing gas in a liquid, one liquid in the other (emulsion), with accompanying reaction, heat- and mass-exchange processes, for example, for conducting heat-exchange, extraction, gas-liquid reactions, reactions in liquid-liquid systems, absorption in chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and other industries. In the device for dispersing droplets or bubbles in a liquid in micro-channels, the housing consists of a chamber and a micro-channel. The chamber is located at the point of feeding the medium into the device and has the shape of an oblong ellipsoid, which gradually narrows from the middle section to the ends of the chamber. One of the ends of the chamber is connected to a pipe for feeding a continuous liquid medium. The other end of the chamber is connected to the micro-channel, in which the main process occurs. The pipe for feeding the dispersion liquid or gaseous medium is the form of an extended thin-wall pipe, installed coaxially relative to the pipe for feeding the continuous liquid medium and the chamber. According to the method of using the device, the end of the extended thin-wall pipe is installed between the plane of maximum cross-section of the chamber and the plane of connection of the micro-channel to the chamber.EFFECT: group of inventions, which enables to maintain stable hydrodynamic conditions of the process, achieving the given mixing intensity, which in turn provides high coefficients of heat and mass transfer, wider range of flow rate of the continuous and dispersion phases, which improves versatility of the device and allows use thereof for processes with different parameters.3 cl, 8 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Duplex filter // 2614282
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: duplex filter comprises the housing with the top and the bottom nozzles for water, the upper drainage and control device, the middle horizontal partition with openings, the lower horizontal partition equipped with the drain caps, the working surface of which faces the upper drainage and control device, the additional horizontal partition installed below the middle horizontal partition and equipped with the drain caps, the working surface of which faces the lower horizontal partition, the additional water nozzle placed on the lateral housing surface between the middle and the additional horizontal partitions, and granular loading. The middle horizontal partition openings are equipped with the drain caps, the working surface of which faces the upper drainage and control device. The granulated loading is placed on the middle and the lower horizontal partitions. The additional water nozzle is made with the possibility to supply water for washing the granular loading placed on the middle horizontal partition and for discharging the spent wash water after washing the granular loading placed on the lower horizontal partition. The additional horizontal partition is set lower than the middle horizontal partition above the granular loading placed on the lower horizontal partition.EFFECT: provision of washing granular loadings independently from each other.2 dwg

Fluid flow heating system in pipes // 2614280
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: system includes a heating cable, which is placed in the zone of possible wax formation or pipeline freezing, the transition terminal box for the heating cable connection, heating control station, the cable pusher, creates an additional stress for unwinding the heating cable from the technological drum and pushing through the inclined insertion in the pipeline, parasol-piston, which is mounted on the tip of the heating cable. Umbrella-pistal opens and creates pulling force under the action of the flow of the technological fluid and closes after cable mounting under the action of excess pressure in the pipeline. There are load-bearing core and separating bundles made of high-strength aramid fibers in the heating cable. There is an implemented automatic adaptive cable heating control system in the control station on the current values of the pressure and temperature of the fluid in the pipeline, as well as the system of remote control and cable heating control.EFFECT: simplifying the process and reducing cable installation time, implementation of the heating in automatic mode with minimal costs.3 dwg

Powder compaction device // 2614279
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a technique of compression, in particular to a device of bilateral pressing of the powders, but preferably the porous material with a low bulk density, such expanded graphite to obtain a rod, rods of various diameters and a composition comprising a metal sleeve with a sealed therein expanded graphite to obtain electrode. The device for pressing the powders comprises mould forming rods mouthpiece, an array of cylindrical form, mounted with a holder and punch. Additionally, it is provided with a second similar mould. Molds are arranged coaxially and are joined metal rods and the guide sleeve. As the metal sleeve, the conductive tube is used. The holders are made detachable and additionally have cavities of cylindrical shape to contain the matrix, associated with a large base of the cone clips holes. Punches have removable limiters of the cage motion in a direction from the ends to the central portion at an angle and the sleeve, as a device element, is formed with a smooth inner surface.EFFECT: possibility of obtaining a monolithic conductive product in the form of expanded graphite rod or an electrically conductive composition, which comprises a thermally expanded graphite in a metal shell with a uniform distribution of properties, and increase the adhesive bond between the components of the composition; as well as the expansion of technological capabilities of the device.3 cl, 7 dwg
Surface treated yarn and fabric with enhanced physical and adhesion properties and method of making same // 2614278
FIELD: textile and paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of producing modified polymer fibres with high specific strength and concerns yarn and fabric, characterised by presence of treated surface with improved physical and adhesion properties. Fibre is modified by plasma treatment or treatment with corona discharge, and it is characterised by specific strength of at least approximately 33 g/denier at ambient room temperature.EFFECT: invention enables modification of fibres without deterioration of characteristics of physical strength.16 cl, 6 tbl, 40 ex
Composite oxide, method for producing same and catalyst for exhaust gas purification // 2614276
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a composite oxide, which can be used for catalysts, functional ceramics, solid electrolytes for fuel elements, abrasive and similar, in particular, to catalysts for cleaning automobile exhaust gas, as well as to a method of producing composite oxide. Oxide contains 50–98 wt% of cerium oxide and one of rare-earth metal elements, other than cerium and including yttrium, zirconium and aluminium, at a ratio of 85:15 to 100:0 by weight, 1–30 wt% alkali-earth metal oxides and 1–20 wt% silicon oxide.EFFECT: invention provides easy production of composite oxide, having excellent heat resistance, specific surface area of which is retained even when oxide is used in a medium with high temperature, and after calcination at 800 °C for 2 hours which does not deteriorate performance of a cocatalyst.10 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex

ethod of large diameter thermoplastic sealants moulding // 2614275
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to large diameter sealing rings producing method (versions). Method of sealing ring molding includes jointly extruded longitudinal layer of first polymer and longitudinal layer of second polymer, having higher quality and strength weld joint. Bending thermoplastic rod into round shape during heating and connecting rod heated ends by weld joint.EFFECT: technical result, enabled by using group of inventions, consists in fact, that to increase weld joint strength as a whole, including first polymer layer weld joint.15 cl, 10 dwg
System and method of mixers motion start in sediment // 2614274
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: system and appropriate way of mixers controlled motion start in the sediment is presented. The system has the following: the tank for placing the materials to be processed, the stirring device with mixing blades to stir the materials being processed in the tank, the rinsing device and the device, actuating the mixers. The rinsing device is located in such a way and performed in order to supply the elutriation solution to the resulting sediment. In addition, the control system, which starts the controlled re-entry of mixers into action after rinsing, is provided.EFFECT: invention provides a simple designed and multi-purpose system to start the mixers motion in the sediment.26 cl, 5 dwg
ethod for hybrid plasmon-luminescent markers production // 2614245
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method consists in formation of metal plasmon nanoparticles on the inorganic luminescent nanoparticles surface, where nanoparticles are previously doped by rare earth metal ions. Plasmon nanoparticles are prepared by reduction of liquid solutions. The colloidal solution of inorganic luminescent nanoparticles in 1.2-dichloroethane is mixed with a supramolecular complex solution [{Au10Ag12(C2Ph)20}Au3PPh2(C6H4)3PPh2)3][PF6]5 in 1,2-dichloroethane to obtain a liquid solution, the liquid solution is recovered by laser radiation with a wavelength corresponding to the absorption band of the supramolecular complex, a power density of from 0.1 to 1 mW/cm2at laser exposure time of 10-60 minutes.EFFECT: invention enables high chemical purity of markers and small number of processing steps.5 dwg, 3 ex

agnetic field screen for electromagnetic fields and vehicle with integrated magnetic field screen // 2614239
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: magnetic field screen consists mainly of a bimetal sheet (1) formed with, at least, three layers stacked one over another (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.1, 1.21, 1.22, 1.31, 1.32). Herewith, at least, one of the layers consists of the electrical sheet steel or electrical steel strip steel, at least, one of the layers consists of a steel sheet and, at least, one of the layers consists of a polymer material and/or an elastomer. Herewith, at least, one layer (1.3, 1.31, 1.32) of the polymer material and/or the elastomer, interconnects cohesively, at least, one layer (1.1) of the electrical sheet steel/electrical strip steel and, at least, one layer (1.2; 1.21, 1.22) of the steel sheet.EFFECT: creating the magnetic field screen characterized by the good shielding properties, being a structural element of the body or the chassis of the vehicle, and performing such functions as sealing the vehicle interior space against the environment, improving the sound insulation and the body rigidity.16 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of producing sleeves // 2614231
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: method comprises plugless reduction of the ingot of fixed length in three-roll breaking-down mill caliber formed by rolls deployed at the feed angle, and piercing of the reduced ingot in the piercing mill. After deformation of 0.75-0.85 length of the ingot, roll speed of breaking-down mill is reduced to a value corresponding to 15-50% of the roll speed atestablished process of ingot reduction. When reducing the ingot with length of more than one and a half of breaking-down mill roll body lengths, feed angle of breaking-down mill rolls is regulated by mathematical relationship. Reduction of the ingot with length of less than one and a half of breaking-down mill roll body lengths is carried out with a gradual regulated increase in the roll speed after its gripping.EFFECT: improved quality of the end surface of the sleeves, reduced defects from the ring delamination on exterior and interior surfaces of tubes, increased durability of the rolling tool.3 cl, 3 dwg, 5 tbl
ethod of shot production from cast iron by processing steel chip // 2614227
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: steel chip is mixed with graphite, the mixture is placed in the holes of the die and heated in the oven upto the temperature of 1150-1200°C, providing carburization of steel to convert it into the cast iron, melting the cast iron, and then perform its cooling in water to obtain the shot.EFFECT: it is provided the processing of steel chips to produce the shot with the structure of white cast iron.2 dwg, 1 ex

ethod and upsetting device for manufacturing of ledged parts, such as shafts and rods // 2614224
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to pressure processing of metals and can be applied in manufacturing of parts in the form of a rod with flanges. Heated ingot is deformed in a moulding machine in stages. At the first stage of deformation, a rod workpiece is obtained with a diameter equal to finished part diameter. At least one next stage involves upsetting of at least one flange on the rod workpiece, with the final flange diameter exceeding the rod workpiece diameter.EFFECT: possible manufacturing of parts with improved parameters out of ingots of different sizes.11 cl, 6 dwg
Pneumatic flotation machine // 2614170
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: pneumatic flotation machine of reactor-separator type comprises an aerator, a reactor, a separation chamber, a foam settler, a foam remover regulator, a splitting device and a device to output stems. Flotation machine is equipped with an external foam settler located between the separation chamber and the aerator to improve the gas content in the under foam zone, which is a shell with a porous inner surface.EFFECT: reduction of the mechanical removal of particles of non-recoverable minerals with foam.1 dwg

Launch device of lifeboat for personnel at offshore oil and gas facilities in ice conditions // 2614166
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, relates to evacuation and rescue of personnel of offshore oil and gas facilities that are located in the Arctic and far eastern freezing seas. Launching device of lifeboat for personnel at offshore oil and gas facilities in ice conditions comprises launch platform with guide rollers and shelter lifeboat deck. Fender bar of Lifeboat with a locking device is placed against the guide rollers. Root sections of two telescope-type holders are affixed to the shelter lifeboat deck, and their end sections are affixed to the launch platform. Holders are made with the possibility of adjusting their installation angle in relation to the horizon, and lifeboat and shelter lifeboat deck are equipped with the winches which are interconnected by a cable.EFFECT: higher safety of personnel evacuation from off-shore facilities.6 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of loose material handling // 2614165
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for handling works with loose materials. To handle loose material, supply of loose material is switched on from a hopper to a duct of a telescopic guide, and loose material is discharged under gravity from the telescopic guide duct to the preset discharge surface, as the lower link of the telescopic guide moves upwards. In the beginning of loose material handling, the lower link of the telescopic guide is moved down to ensure tight contact with the preset discharge surface. Then loose material is fed from the hopper to the duct of the telescopic guide, filling it to the selected level, and loose material discharge under gravity from the telescopic guide duct to the preset discharge surface, as the lower link of the telescopic guide moves upwards, is started after the selected level of loose material is achieved in the telescopic guide duct. At the same time location of the loose material level is provided in the telescopic guide duct within the selected limits.EFFECT: invention provides for reduced contamination of environment by dusty air from loose material handling without its moistening.5 cl, 4 dwg

Device for loose material handling // 2614164
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for handling works with loose materials. Device for loose material handling comprises a hopper, a feeder with an electric drive, a hollow telescopic guide, a system of vertical movement of telescopic guide links. The telescopic guide is equipped with a ring sealing element, which is fixed on the end of the lower link, and the device is equipped with a contact sensor of the sealing element with the preset discharge surface. The contact sensor is electrically blocked with the electric drive of the system of vertical movement of the telescopic guide providing for disconnection of the specified electric drive after contact of the sealing element with the preset discharge surface. The device is equipped with sensors of upper and lower level of loose material in the telescopic guide duct, which are electrically blocked with the electric drive of the system of telescopic guide vertical movement, providing for connection of the specified electric drive by a sensor of upper level of loose material and disconnection of this electric drive by the sensor of lower level of loose material.EFFECT: invention provides for reduced contamination of environment by dusty air from loose material handling without its moistening.5 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for producing helicopter tail rotor blade from a composite material // 2614163
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: method for producing helicopter tail rotor blade is in cutting prepregs into workpieces in accordance with the cutting map and a given fibrous filler orientation, packages are completed, the packages are spread on the mandrels, packages are vacuum-processed and pre-pressurized in an autoclave on a mandrel. On the pressurized packages the following is installed: centering loads, anti-icing system, lightning protection wire, and balancing weight. Completed packages are placed in the mould on the silicone rubber mandrel, the mould is closed, the temperature is increased stepwise with definite time, the mould is cooled to the ambient temperature, the part is taken out, and the silicone-rubber mandrel is removed. The inner cavity of finished blade shell is filled with polyurethane by casting under pressure with free foaming.EFFECT: improved production quality of helicopter tail rotor blade due to obtaining stable blade mass-elastic characteristics.8 dwg
ethod for attachment of vehicles parts, mainly of anti-roll stay, and device for its implementation // 2614162
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: anti-roll stay has a pull rod, the spherical end of which is fixed between two cavities in the form of two truncated cones, two polyurethane bushings with increased hardness, supported by another polyurethane bushing with increased hardness. The bushing is made on the plug, with internal thread retained from loosening and connected to the external thread formed on the mobile holder cup, on one side of an L-shaped pivotal connection having two cups. The external thread of the pull rod on the other end is connected to the internal thread of the mobile holder of another L-shaped pivotal connection equipped with one cup. Each cup of each fixed holder of two pivotal parts contains a stem with an integral grooved shoulder with an inner cone on each side in the form of a dovetail.EFFECT: possibility of forces damping in vertical, inclined and horizontal device positions at the maximum suspension movements.2 cl, 8 dwg

System of integrity control // 2614158
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of railway automatic systems and telemechanics. The system contains the installed on the locomotive and the tail car kits, which include on-board equipment unit, a microcontroller with an integrated transceiver module, an onboard receiver coil and a receiver board. The station has traveling loops, each of them has a track generator, a microcontroller with an integrated transceiver module and wired interface. Wherein, all wired interfaces are associated with the central unit train traffic control station equipment via a wired link.EFFECT: invention provides a simplification of equipment integrity control structure, improving its reliability and control of the reliability.1 dwg

Test container // 2614155
FIELD: testing equipment.SUBSTANCE: in the test container (10, 40, 70), which includes like a rectangular parallelepiped the container (12, 42, 72), disposed therein electrical components (14, 16, 90, 94, 96) of the transformer checking system, which in the test mode are like the corresponding heat source, and a cooling system, at least with one heat exchanger (18, 20, 44, 46, 114), there is a moving device (22, 24, 48, 49) by means of which, at at least one heat exchanger (18, 20, 44, 46, 114) can move from a transport position inside the container (12, 42, 72) to the operating position, which is located at least partially outside the container (12, 42, 72).EFFECT: providing a test area system and thus, test area system components for testing of high-voltage transformers, that make possible a particularly simple transportation, assembly and disassembly of the test area system and prevent the use of the rotating converter.14 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of preparing catalyst and catalyst for oxidising co // 2614147
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention related to a method of producing a catalyst, involving pre-treatment of an inert block support made from Al-containing foil by calcining at temperature of (850-920)°C in an air current for (12-15) hours and depositing an intermediate coat on its surface at room temperature, said coat being modified aluminium oxide from a suspension containing aluminium hydroxide, aluminium nitrate, cerium nitrate, basalt flake from super-thin basalt fibre with elementary particle diameter of 1-3 mcm and length of up to 1000 mcm and water, heat treatment of the block with the intermediate coat in an air current at (680-700)°C and ageing for 70-90 minutes and depositing one or more catalytically active platinum group metals by water impregnation of their precursors, drying at (100-120)°C and final heat treatment at staged raise of temperature up to (350-400)°C and ageing for 5-6 hours. Wherein the intermediate coat is deposited from a suspension additionally containing cupric nitrate, cobalt nitrate and aluminium metasilicate of less than 10 mcm fraction in the following ratio of its components, wt %: aluminium hydroxide - (17.9-24.8), aluminium nitrate - (1.5-2.8), cerium nitrate - (5.1-9.8), cupric nitrate - (1.1-1.9), cobalt nitrate - (1.0-1.5), basalt scales - (1.2-2.5), aluminium metasilicate - (1.1-1.6), water - up to 100.EFFECT: improved operational characteristics of block CO oxidation catalyst under the conditions of emergency gas purification, simplified catalyst preparation technology.3 cl, 2 tbl, 18 ex
ethod of producing nanoporous material for sensitive elements of gas sensors and nanoporous material obtained using said method // 2614146
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of nanoporous materials based on silicon-aluminium aerogels and can be in making sensitive elements of measurement devices of gas sensors, used in power engineering, chemical industry, as well as analysis of expired air in medicine. Disclosed is a method of producing nanoporous material, which is a composite silicon-aluminium aerogel composition SiO2/Al2O3, using a sol-gel process, in which to produce aluminium oxide sol a product of reacting aluminium nanopowder and/or aluminium nitride composition with particle size from 50 to 500 nm with water is used, which is then peptized to obtain sol. Also disclosed is a corresponding nanoporous material.EFFECT: technical result is obtaining nanoporous material based on silicon-aluminium aerogel with required charge properties: zeta-potential from -20 to -26 mV, charge surface density from 10-3 to 10-2 C/m2, in pores of which it is possible to perform transformation (change) of spectra of molecules of gases, as well as producing an aerogel without use of supercritical drying during its synthesis. 9 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl, 5 ex
ethod for production of iron-potassium catalyst for dehydrogenation of methylbutenes, catalyst produced by this method and method for methylbutene dehydrogenation using this catalyst // 2614144
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a method for production of iron-potassium catalysts for methylbutene dehydrogenation to isoprene. A method for production of iron-potassium catalyst for methybutene dehydrogenation is carried out as follows: catalyst components are mixed in the following ratio, wt.%: magnesium oxide 0.5÷10, potassium compounds 5÷30, calcium carbonate 1÷10, cerium compounds with reference to dioxide 5÷20 and molybdenum compounds with reference to trioxide 0.5-5, iron (3) oxide being the rest, the obtained catalyst mass with moisture content of 10-16% is formed, dried at a temperature of 100÷120°C and ignited at a temperature of 650÷850°C. The method is characterized by the fact that waste catalyst for methybutene dehydrogenation ground and fractioned to 0.2 mm is taken as a component of the catalyst mass; before production of the catalyst mass the composition of waste catalyst is determined preliminary, determination includes assessment of the quantity of lacking components of above mentioned ones which are added to the catalyst mass at mixing stage, then forming is carried out, while taking waste catalyst in the quantity of 5÷70 wt% of total catalyst weight. An iron-potassium catalyst and method for methylbutene dehydrogenation are also claimed.EFFECT: catalyst regeneration in the production cycle for methylbutene dehydrogenation with increased or preserved catalyst activity, selectivity and with lower consumption of initial components.5 cl, 1 tbl, 13 ex
Traction control // 2614128
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: traction control consists of strips that are made of durable rubber or frost-resistant polymer, reinforced with metal or plastic cord. The upper and lower strip surfaces are corrugated. Metal or plastic spikes are mounted in the lower part of strips. One of the edge portions of strips has an U-shaped recess.EFFECT: increased vehicle flotation at a road with sleet or snow coasting.
Tire // 2614121
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: tire comprises an inner shell that consists of a rubber mix. Rubber mix for the inner shell comprises a rubber component and additives, the dynamic modulus E* (MPa) of elasticity of which and tangent tanδ of the angle of losses, measured at temperature of 70°C, initial deformation of 10% and dynamic deformation 2%, meet the formulas below (1)-(3), air impermeability ratio is not more than 12.00⋅10-14 cm3⋅cm/cm2⋅s⋅Pa and tensile strength (TS) (MPa) and tensile elongation (TE) (%), according to measurements in accordance with JIS K6251, meet the formulas below (4) and (5): Formula (1): E*/tanδ>17; Formula (2): 2.5<E*<5; Formula (3): tanδ>0.15; Formula (4): TE>450; Formula (5): TS⋅TE>10,000.EFFECT: improved characteristics of driving stability, effective use of fuel and balance of physical properties, with preserved resistance of air permeability and durability.8 cl, 1 tbl
Application of anabaena sp. pcc 7120 strain for silver nanoparticles production // 2614118
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: during biological recovery of silver with nanoparticles production, incubation is performed under constant illumination of the Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 in nitrogen-free medium with silver nitrate.EFFECT: invention provides a solution of silver nanoparticles, wherein the nanoparticles exist in a free state.
Box for storage and transportation // 2614089
FIELD: package and storage.SUBSTANCE: box for storage and transportation includes first closing flaps (1) of the external surface of the box extending from two opposite sides of the upper face of the box and able to be interfixed with an adhesive tape, clips or a glue to perform one or several transportations. Box is characterized by that it additionally contains second closing flaps (2) of the external surface of the box extending from the other two opposite sides of the upper face of the box and containing closing element (3, 4) for opening and closing the box any number of times, herewith second flaps (2) can be used for storing products or making orders prior to transportation or after it.EFFECT: proposed is a box for storage and transportation.12 cl, 11 dwg