Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like (A01G25/09)

ultisection sprinkling machine of circular action // 2624418
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: multisection sprinkling machine of circular action contains the central fixed support with a swivel knee and sprinkler nozzles. The nozzles are installed on the pipeline sections. The pipeline sections are successively connected to each other and placed on self-propelled trucks. The trucks are driven by an electric motor. On the free ends of each pipeline section, two eyes are welded. The eyes in their lower part are rigidly connected to each other by two bushings. The bushings on the eyes at the beginning of the section are located in one vertical plane. On the eyes at the end of the section, the bushings are located in one horizontal plane. U-shaped elements previously engaged with each other, with the stops arranged thereon, are fixed in the bushings. The cavities of adjacent pipeline sections are connected by means of rubber couplings. At the upper part of the eyes at the pipeline section end, a platform is welded. A vertical rotary axis is installed on the platform. The symmetry axis lies on one vertical axis with the hinged connection center. The upper part of the vertical rotary axis is pivotally connected to the intermediate link. The intermediate link is pivotally connected to the lower link. The lower link is hinged at the beginning of the next adjacent pipeline section. A control lever is rigidly fixed on the vertical rotary axis. The lever interacts with the control unit. The control unit is fixed with screw clamps on a horizontal rail. The horizontal rail is rigidly connected to the upper part of the platform and serves for moving the control unit over it when adjusting its sensitivity.EFFECT: possibility of adjusting the sensitivity of the control unit, reducing the hydraulic resistance when transporting water through the pipeline.3 dwg

Irrigation machine (versions) // 2619292
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Irrigation machine contains movable water supply pipeline with sprayers connected thereto. At least part of pipeline is made of basalt-plast. In another version of sprinkling machine water supply pipeline with sprayers is mounted on support carriages with wheels. At least some sections of pipeline are made of basalt-plast. In another version sprinkling machine comprises water supply pipeline with sprayers. Pipeline is installed on support carriages with wheels and is equipped with support system. Support system is made in form of trusses. At least some sections of pipeline and elements of trusses are made of basalt-plast. In another version sprinkling machine comprises water supply pipeline with sprayers. Pipeline is installed on support carriages with wheels and is equipped with supporting cable system. Support system comprises cable supports and crossbars. At least some sections of pipeline, crossbars, cable supports and cables are made of basalt-plast. In another version sprinkling machine comprises water supply pipeline with sprayers. Pipeline is installed on support trucks. Trucks are made in form of frame of profile elements with wheels. At least some sections of pipeline and profile elements of frame are made of basalt-plast. In another version sprinkling machine comprises water supply pipeline with sprayers. Pipeline is installed on support trucks. Trucks are made in form of frame of profile elements with wheels. Pipeline is equipped with supporting cable system. Support system comprises cable supports and crossbars. Pipeline section with crossbars, profiled frame elements, cable supports and cables are made of basalt-plast.EFFECT: invention can be used for artificial irrigation of fields.15 cl, 8 dwg

Unit for care for sowings of tilled crops, melons and gourds // 2616838
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: unit for the care for sowings of tilled crops and gourds includes the tractor, the bar with sprinklers, the working fluid reservoir, the pump, the DC generator, and the installation for water electroactivation. The installation for water electroactivation is hydraulically connected via the pump to the tank and the pipeline with sprinklers. The bar with the sprinklers is made semi-mounted, resting on support and gauge wheels. The installation for electroactivation includes the top cover with a threaded tip. The cover is made of a dielectric material in the form of a diffuser. The cover is fixed via an elastic gasket to the outer electrode. A separator with a terminal for supplying electric potential is installed between the elastic gasket and the outer electrode. The separator is isolated from the outer electrode with a dielectric gasket. Tubes collected by means of the separators are installed in the inner cavity of the outer electrode. The tubes are bent in a sinusoidal manner and fill the entire space of the inner electrode. The tubes carry out the functions of the inner electrode. The inner electrode is separated from the outer electrode by a semipermeable diaphragm. The lower part of the outer electrode is closed by the cover via the elastic gasket. The cover is made in the form of a confuser with a threaded tip of a dielectric material. A terminal is provided for supplying the electrical potential to the outer electrode. The top cover is fixed to the outer electrode by bolts. The sprinklers include a housing with a threaded tip. A screw water activator is mounted in the interior housing cavity. The activator consists of a rod, to which coils of the multiple-flighted screw are fixed. The rod has a flow guide in its bottom part. The guide is made in the form of a circular cone. The cone generatrix is made parabolic. The bottom part of the cone generatrix is associated with screw swirlers. The screw water activator is fixed to the cover.EFFECT: increasing the electroactivation efficiency, obtaining the fine spray of an aqueous solution, the destruction of microbes and pests, increasing the yield.6 dwg

Irrigation system with adjustable speed // 2615573
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: irrigation system includes a plurality of interconnected spans. The spans are based on the plurality of tower structures. Each tower structure comprises an adjustable drive for selectively setting in motion the tower construction at the selected speed. The adjustable drives comprise motors with adjustable magnetic resistance. The irrigation system comprises a plurality of sensors. Each sensor is connected with the respective span and determines the alignment of the respective span relative to adjacent spans. Each sensor maintains the communication with the respective adjustable drive control unit. Each control unit is configured to regulate the selected rotation frequency of the respective drive.EFFECT: preservation of the mutual linear orientation of adjacent spans along the generally longitudinally oriented axis.14 cl, 4 dwg

Sprinkling machine hydraulic drive // 2606819
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to crops irrigation devices, and concerns improved hydraulic drive of sprinkling machine of DMU “Fregat” type for operation at low pressure in pipeline. Sprinkling machine of DMU “Fregat” type hydraulic drive hydraulic cylinder is equipped with second piston with rod with hydraulic cylinder top cover change, hydraulic cylinder attachment point change and forces on lever and pushers transmission system due to hydraulic cylinder equipment with parallelogram mechanism.EFFECT: disclosed invention enables to twice reduce required pressure in discharge pipeline and hydraulic cylinder, provides DMU “Fregat” hydraulic drive operation at low pressure with installation of sprinklers, requiring low pressure from 0,08 to 0,25 MPa for normal operation.1 cl, 3 dwg

System of irrigation with cattle breeding wastewaters // 2599546
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used as a combined system of irrigation with cattle breeding wastewaters along furrows and by sprinkling. System comprises a supply line - of pressure main pipeline 1 of a higher order. Distributing pipelines 4 are equipped with vertical metal posts 5 at construction of the irrigation system. Lower end of metal post 5 is rigidly connected to distributing pipeline 4, and its upper end is equipped with horizontal pressure branch pipe 10, outlets of which are connected via curved polyethylene pipe 11 with controlled valves 12 and 13 to irrigation pipeline 6. Polyethylene irrigation pipelines 6 are configured as assembly 7 in the form of water outlet 8 with the upper end tightly closed with flexible diaphragm 9 covering water outlet 8 discharge into soil (in the idle state). Distributing pipeline 4 is simultaneously a transporting and an irrigating one, for this purpose it is equipped with pressure hydrants 15 for connection of sprinkling machine 16, and they are arranged between vertical posts 5 with horizontal branch pipes 10. Irrigation pipelines 6 are installed, respectively, perpendicular to straight distributing pipeline 4. Wastewaters are supplied under pressure of the pump station into the supply line of main pipeline 1, then into distributing pipeline 4, into irrigation pipelines 16 with water outlets 8 overlapped ontop by flexible diaphragms 9. As the result of a combined process scheme of irrigation with wastewaters there is simultaneous supply of a preset standard of wastes into vertical posts 5 or hydrants 15, which is linked as per the plan to a specific technology of irrigation. Wastewaters leaving water outlets 8 with diaphragm 9 first wet the soil, and then form a funnel of washing with outlet of the wastes into furrows considering the width of spacing crops.EFFECT: invention improves sanitary conditions of operating water sorption fields and provides ecological compatibility of cultivating agricultural crops, as well as reduced expenditures for construction and operation of the irrigation system.1 cl, 3 dwg

ulti-support sprinkler machine of circular action // 2596130
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: multi-support sprinkler machine includes water supply pipeline with sprinklers, self-propelled carts on pneumatic wheels and a system of movement synchronisation of self-propelled trucks. Drive of self-propelled carts is made from gear motor installed on knee of water supply pipeline, and comprises a drive shaft connected to gear motor coupling and installed on suspended bearings fitted to water pipeline. Before each suspended bearing there is a cardan joint. On drive shaft in suspended bearing are mounted drive sprocket for torque transfer via circuit on sprocket pneumatic tires. Synchronising movements of self-propelled carts is provided by corresponding gear ratio with removable sprockets. Sprinklers are designed as triple-sprinklers, nozzles are installed at an angle of 25…30° to each other in a horizontal plane and at an angle 29…35° to vertical plane. In internal cavity of shafts are mounted helical guides with a left orientation. Sprinklers are mounted on L-shaped stands. Horizontal part of post has a length providing arrangement of irrigated area behind support wheels of self-propelled cart.EFFECT: technical result is low power consumption for movement of machine.1 cl, 5 dwg

Sprinkler // 2587566
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: sprinkler sprinkling machine for irrigation of crops comprises sprayer housing with head. On sprinkler are rigidly fixed electric motor with worm gearing to rotate sprinkler head around its axis at any angle from 0° to 360° to spray water on soil surface and motor with extending rod, allowing by graduated opening or closing sprinkler head inlet hole to control feed water consumption. Control of electric motors is performing by processor.EFFECT: technical result is increased uniformity of soil dampening.1 cl, 1 dwg

Hose tensioner and hose tensioning process // 2577070
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: sprinkling system with a fluid pipe for fluid feed comprises a travelling trolley with the set of wheels, a flexible hose assembly including the first flexible hose, the first stiff hose, the second flexible hose and the second stiff hose connected with the said travelling trolley. The first and second flexible hoses make a stretching-contracting zone to stretch-contract within the boundaries of the said zone. The said hoses allow the trolley displacement without the displacement of the stiff hose and independent alternate displacement of the first stiff hose and the second stiff hose with no force transfer there between. The hose drive comprises the set of winches. Each of the latter comprises the rope connected with the flexible hose assembly at the preset point of connection. The connection points are spaced apart along the flexible hose assy. The first connection point is arranged at the first stiff hose. The second connection point is arranged at the second stiff hose. The set of winches can draw the flexible hoses relative to each other in turns. The hose drive assembly can be installed at the trolley and connected with the flexible hose assembly.EFFECT: higher reliability.4 cl, 17 dwg

Sprinkler // 2576183
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: sprinkler comprises a support base, wheels, a feed hose, a riser with a irrigation device, a pan breaker in form of radial pins. Irrigation device on side opposite to feed hose is attached to lateral rods, directed towards free ends of sprinkler. In end parts of rods are horizontal openings, in which are installed with possibility of rotation axes of a cylindrical drum with rigidly fixed on it pan breakers in form of radial pins. Output of irritation device is directed towards cylindrical drum.EFFECT: technical result is prevention of damage of grass cover, higher quality of watering.1 cl, 1 dwg

Sprinkler plant for direct displacement // 2567748
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed plant comprises sprinkling pipeline composed of sections and provided with sprinklers, wheeled supports, drive arranged at central section centre and sections couplings. Sprinkling pipeline is secured at brackets of driven wheels and support wheels arranged in intercropping some 0.2-2.5 m from soil surface. Sprinkling pipeline with support wheels can be tractor towed, tractor being equipped with speed reducer, power take-off shaft with reduction gear and vertical props secured at coupling yoke and locked vertically by braces. Props are coupled by braces with driven trucks brackets. Sprinkling pipeline support props are mounted at bracket lower crossbars. Drive shaft with chain gearing sprocket is mounted above said props at support props. Support wheels brackets are locked by braces. Lower part of said props is connected by braces with the centre of lower crossbars of said brackets. Driven trucks wheels are provided with grousers. Drum with wound PE feed pipeline is mounted in supports controlled by hydraulic cylinders at the tractor mounted hardware. Branch pipe of the latter is connected with irrigation system main pipeline laid at road bench and provided with hydrants arranged at said main pipeline through spaces equal to feed pipe length. Three-barrel sprinklers are mounted at sprinkling pipeline with the help of yokes. Said sprinklers have feed branch pipe, distribution chamber and barrels. Inside said barrels provided are LH screw guides. Distance between said sprinklers is selected to overlap irrigation zones. Sprinkler unit can move forward and back after necessary rearrangements are made.EFFECT: higher reliability and efficiency.4 dwg

Irrigation system and method of crossing field by irrigation system // 2566634
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: irrigation system comprises a fluid pipeline for fluid supply and comprises a movable trolley with a plurality of wheels, an assembly of the flexible hose attached to the trolley and made with the ability to provide a part of the fluid pipeline, an internal connection attached to the trolley, placed into the fluid pipeline and made with the ability of partial limitation of part of the assembly of the flexible hose. The method of crossing the field by the irrigation system, in which the assembly of the flexible hose is attached to the movable trolley made with the ability to provide a part of the fluid pipeline, the inner connection is attached to the trolley, placed in the fluid pipeline and made with the ability of partial limitation of the portion of the assembly of the flexible hose.EFFECT: avoiding of the hose kinking is achieved.20 cl, 10 dwg

Sectoral sprinkler // 2563173
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: sectoral sprinkler comprises a cover with a supply pipe equipped with trunks-jets arranged in a circle. The trunks-jets are made in the form of conical sprayers with spiral guides of left-side orientation. The trunks-jets are placed on the front surface of the cover at an angle of 25°-30°, relative to each other along a circular arc. The conical nozzles are mounted in threaded holes having hydraulic connection to the inner cavity of the cover through the water-discharge holes. The diameter of the water-discharge holes is smaller than the inner diameter of the conical sprayers to enable fixing of spiral guides. In the inner cavity of the cover in front of each water-discharge hole there are hemispherical recesses arranged on a circular arc and forming conjugated inlet edges.EFFECT: improvement of quality of irrigation.2 dwg

ethod of movement of multitower sprinkling machine of circular action in irrigation of fields of square or rectangular configuration (versions) // 2562214
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method comprises movement of multitower sprinkling machine with a constant bandwidth of irrigation in a circle around the vertical axis of symmetry of the hydrants located at a distance from each other, equal to the length of the machine, when moving from an initial position the direction of rotation around the vertical axes of symmetry of the hydrants is maintained, and return of the sprinkling machine to the initial position is carried out on the adjacent, previously not irrigated band. According to another embodiment, the sprinkling machine rotation is performed around the vertical axes of symmetry of the hydrants clockwise, then the movement of the machine is repeated counter-clockwise around the vertical axes of symmetry of the hydrants of the additional row, which are located on the ends of the branches of the water-supply network opposite the main hydrants at a distance equal to the length of the sprinkling machine, at that the general direction of movement along the irrigation band is maintained.EFFECT: improvement of quality of irrigation.2 cl, 5 dwg

Wheeled sprinkler // 2560953
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: wheeled sprinkler comprises rolling pressure pipeline with sprinklers and wheel supports, one of the latter is a driving wheel support. Drive wheel pair is composed of tractor with hydraulic suspension supporting the rolling pipeline with the help of bearing frame. Drum with coiled flexible pressure pipeline is located at brackets locked at hydraulic suspension. Drum drive reduction gearbox coupled with power takeoff shaft is mounted at bearing frame, flexible pressure pipeline being wound on said drum. Drum is driven from reduction gearbox via chain gearing. Flexible pressure pipeline discharge pipe is hydraulically connected to closed pressure pipeline hydrant placed on service road. Flexible pressure pipeline discharge pipe is hydraulically connected via sleeve on drum axle with rolling pressure pipeline. Wheel pairs of rolling pressure pipeline brackets are arranged connected by braces with thrust frame props. Sprinklers represent multi-barrel gadgets and comprise connection pipe. Combination chamber and sprinkling barrels arranged in fan-like manner at 30…35 degrees to horizontal plane and directed opposite the sprinkler motion. Sprinkler barrel inside houses flow left coiling screw guides secured by the nut at barrel end. Angle between barrels makes 20…25 degrees.EFFECT: higher reliability and quality of irrigation, higher efficiency, lower power consumption.4 dwg

Device for creation of gas-droplet jet // 2548886
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device for creation of a gas-droplet jet comprises a housing with supply systems of gas and liquid, and the mechanism of their mixing with the formation of a gas-droplet jet, the gas supply system is formed as a fan built in the housing and the fins placed at the inlet of the housing, the mechanism of mixing of liquid and gas is a disc atomiser with electric drive and a water-supply pipe, the disc atomiser is arranged coaxially with the housing at its outlet and has two spraying edges of different diameters, communicating with each other through the water circulating holes.EFFECT: providing the ability of separation of the gas-droplet jet into the fractions - large-drop to moisten the soil covering and a fine for the plant leaf surface and the surface air at a controlled flow range of the gas-droplet jet.3 dwg

Sprinkler device // 2546630
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: sprinkler device comprises a support base, pneumatic wheels, a supply hose, a riser with a rain-generating device, tubular subsoil plows attached to the wheels. The novelty is that from the outer sides of the tubular subsoil plows the coaxial annular extensions are mounted, made of rubberized material, each annular extension is formed with a circumferential annular slit to form edges, in the area of which the rows of openings are made for connecting the edges to each other by couplings.EFFECT: increase in transverse stability from slipping the sprinkler device on the sloping areas due to the use of rubberized material of coaxial annular extensions of tubular subsoil ploughs having a larger coefficient of friction.5 dwg

Irrigation system // 2535158
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: irrigation system comprises self-propelled carriages with drives, a water supply pipeline with sprinkler nozzles. The water supply pipeline is made of polyethylene pipes that are placed on spans of the carriages, made in the form of bridge-type stress volume frame of triangular section, which are pivotally attached with their ends to the self-propelled carriages. The diagonal rods forming the sides of the triangle are attached to the longitudinal angle at the top of the frame, so that their ends are above this angle, forming the staging, in which the polyethylene pipes are placed and attached, connecting with their flanges with short pipes on the self-propelled carriages. This design of spans of the water supply pipeline enables to mount on the carriages of the system of the frame first, and then to place the pipeline on these frames.EFFECT: simplifying the dismantling of the pipeline for the purpose of its repair or replacement, and simplifying of mounting the pipeline on the system.2 dwg

ultisupport irrigation machine of circular operation // 2527090
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: multisupport irrigation machine of circular operation comprises the water-supply pipeline, undercarriages equipped with wheels with pushers and hydraulic cylinders with power L-shaped two-arm levers having large and small arms, pivotally connected respectively to the hydraulic cylinder and the wheel pushers, the mechanical brake mounted by the hinge with the torsion spring on the frame of the undercarriage. The small arm of the L-shaped lever is made in the form of a headscarf. The pushers of the wheels are pivotally connected with the vertical lever which is pivotally connected to the headscarf through the plank to form a gap between the vertical lever and the headscarf and the possibility of angular rotation of the vertical lever. The mechanical brake is kinematically connected by the cable with the end of the vertical lever. The novelty of the invention is the additionally provided retaining mechanism of the mechanical brake consisting of a housing fixed rigidly to the headscarf, and the rod moving in a cylindrical guide of the housing with the pressing spring and kinematically connected with one end through the cable with the position regulator of the water-supply pipeline, and the other end has the possibility of entering into the opening of extension fixed to the vertical lever.EFFECT: improving reliability and efficiency of the mechanical brake work in operating the irrigation machine in areas with a different arrangement of the relief and prevention of the mechanical brake failure and failure of the irrigation machine by retaining the mechanical brake when driving on level relief areas.5 dwg

Device of automated control of multisupporting irrigation machine of front action for precision irrigation // 2522526
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device of automated control of multisupporting irrigation machine of front action for precision irrigation comprises pipelines of right and left wings of the machine, mounted on trolleys with electric drive, unit of motion synchronisation with the course with a guide rope and a speed control unit of the machine motion. Along the irrigation channel a contact network is mounted on racks, which interacts with the current collector, which, through the telescopic mechanism is fixed to the trolley moving along the opposite side of the irrigation channel. The output of the current collector is connected to the input of the control panel, which output is connected to the input of the counter of electrical energy, which outputs are connected to the inputs of the microprocessor control unit and the frequency inverter. The inputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to a timer, a system of course stabilisation, a synchronisation system of trolleys in line, sensors of path, setter of irrigation rate, setter of length of irrigation site, water metre and a pressure gauge mounted on the pipeline, and the outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to electric hydraulic shutter, frequency inverter, contactor, devices of trolley synchronising in line and the devices of stabilisation of the course of left and right wings, through a vacuum pump with a pump inlet, which outlet through the electric hydraulic shutter and the flow metre is connected to the pipeline. The microprocessor control unit is connected to the input-output of the interface device. The signal from the output of the frequency inverter is supplied to the electric drive of the left and right-wing of the machine, and the contactor output is connected through the electric motor to the pump inlet. The signal obtained from the humidity gauges mounted on the irrigated area of the field, enters to the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite, the signal from the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite is transmitted to the input-output of the GLONASS-receiver which output through the unit of signal analysis is connected to the microprocessor control unit, which output is connected to the GLONASS-receiver. The input-output of the microprocessor control unit is electrically connected to a sensor screen, and the output of the frequency inverter is connected to the input of the contactor. The output of the signal analysis unit is connected to the inputs of the irrigation control unit, which outputs are at the extreme driving support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the course stabilisation and on the intermediate support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the trolley synchronisation in line, of both right and left wings of the machine.EFFECT: reduced consumption of irrigation water, fertilisers, electricity, elimination of insufficient irrigation and excessive irrigation.3 dwg

ulti-support circular-action sprinkler-machine // 2521662
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed machine comprises water feed pipeline, running trucks with wheels and pushers and hydraulic cylinders with L-like bell cranks having large and small arms articulated with wheel hydraulic cylinders and pushers, mechanical brake secured by hinge with torsion spring at running truck frame. L-like lever small arm is composed by corner plate. Wheel pushers are connected with vertical lever articulated via the plate with corner piece to make the clearance between vertical lever and corner pierce to allow said vertical lever to make an angular turn. Mechanical brake is articulated by rope with vertical lever end. It differs from known designs in that element to adjust the clearance between vertical lever and angle piece composed by screw fitted in threaded hole in vertical lever.EFFECT: controlled running gear brake operation interval, ruled out high inertial loads, damages and faults.3 dwg

ulti-support circular-action sprinkler-machine // 2521658
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed machine comprises water feed pipeline, running trucks with wheels and pushers and hydraulic cylinders with L-like bell cranks having large and small arms articulated with wheel hydraulic cylinders and pushers, mechanical brake secured by hinge with torsion spring at running truck frame. L-like lever small arm is composed by corner plate. Wheel pushers are connected with vertical lever articulated via the plate with corner piece to make the clearance between vertical lever and corner pierce to allow said vertical lever to make an angular turn. Mechanical brake is articulated by rope with vertical lever end. It differs from known designs in that element to adjust the clearance between vertical lever and angle piece composed by screw fitted in threaded hole in vertical lever composed by two parts fastened together to turn and to be locked relative to lever lower part.EFFECT: controlled running gear brake operation interval, ruled out high inertial loads, damages and faults.3 dwg

Front sprinkler unit // 2520984
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: front sprinkler unit comprises an irrigation pipeline made sectional and equipped with sprinkler nozzles, the wheel bearings, the drive, placed in the middle of the central section, and couplings for connecting the sections. The irrigation pipeline is mounted on the brackets of the drive trucks and the support wheels mounted on the aisles of agricultural crops at a height of 2.0-2.5 m above the soil surface. The bracket of the central drive truck has triangular swinging boom staked forward for fixing cables-guyropes connected to the brackets of the drive trucks and the support wheels of the side sections, the engine designed to transmit torque to the drive trucks by a drive shaft mounted on the suspension bearings placed on the brackets of the drive trucks and the support wheels using the chain transmissions. In the outermost drive truck on the bracket the drive drum is mounted with wound flexible supply hose hydraulically connected to the supply pipe of the irrigation pipeline. The drum drive is made from the internal combustion engine through the chain transmission and the coupling clutch. The sprinkler nozzles connected hydraulically through the take-off connections to the irrigation pipeline comprise a distribution chamber with two upper sprinkler trunks having in the inner cavity the lead bars with left-side winding and a lower sprinkler trunk with the lead bar with left-side winding. The pitch of the lead bar of the lower sprinkler trunk is smaller than the pitch of the lead bar of the upper trunks, the length of the upper sprinkler trunks is greater than the length of the lower sprinkler trunk.EFFECT: increased productivity and quality of irrigation.6 dwg

Irrigation machine // 2520732
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: irrigation machine comprises a support base, pneumatic wheels with rims, a feeding hose, a riser with rain-forming device, subsoil ploughs that are rigidly fixed to the wheel rims at the outer sides of the wheels. At the inner sides of the wheels the subsoil ploughs are additionally mounted, made in the form of hollow cylindrical attachments with removable pins secured radially on the outer surfaces of the hollow cylindrical attachments and directed with their free ends away from the outer surface of the hollow cylindrical attachments. The hollow cylindrical attachments have a diameter equal to the diameter of wheels, and are interconnected at the outer sides of the wheels with the plated planks and the fastening elements.EFFECT: preservation of green grass canopy at work on lawn grass and providing transversal stability from slipping the irrigation machine on sloping lands due to the use of gentle design of subsoil ploughs.3 dwg

Portable laboratory-field irrigation machine // 2519789
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: portable laboratory-field irrigation machine comprises a horizontal frame with panel, a water tank, a filter, supply and discharge water conducts with the valve, a sprinkler comprising the sequentially fixed nipple, a thick flexible tube with collars, a sleeve, and a bunch of thin flexible tubes fixed in it. The water tank is mounted above the frame on the vertical racks with a hanger bracket. Between the discharge water conduct and the nipple a float mechanism is mounted comprising a housing with the rubber bulb mounted on it on the side on the drainage tube with a drain opening and the sequentially mounted in it the needle slot, the needle and the float with the guide. The drip forming ends of the thin flexible sprinkler tubes are fixed on a horizontal panel along the Archimedean spiral with the same pitch.EFFECT: improving the uniformity and stability of distribution of rain on the area of irrigation and simplification of the unit design.5 cl, 3 dwg

Suspension for dual console distribution rod // 2519785
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used in mobile field sprayers and irrigation machines. The suspension for dual console distribution rod comprises a bearing frame. The frame is mounted on the vehicle. On either side of the longitudinal axis of the vehicle the supports are mounted with rope extensions for consoles of the distribution rod and the stabilisation mechanism of the consoles. Every console of the distribution rod is mounted on the bearing frame by double hinge. Each support is made in the form of two racks. The racks are placed on either side of a vertical plane passing through the vertical axes of the double hinges, obliquely from it. The racks are attached with their lower ends on the inclined axis of rotation through the cylindrical hinges. The stabilisation mechanism comprises two leaf springs. Each spring is fixed in the middle part relative to the bearing frame. The spring surfaces are oriented at an angle corresponding to the angle of inclination of the axes of the said hinges. Each rack is equipped with a strut and a damper. The stabilisation of the consoles of the distribution rod in the horizontal and vertical planes is provided.EFFECT: independent damping vibration for each console is achieved.10 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex

ulti-support circular sprinkling machine // 2517072
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: proposed machine comprises water feed pipeline, running cars with wheels with pushers and fluid cylinders with actuator L-like two-arm levers. Said levers have larger and smaller arms articulated with hydraulic cylinder and wheel pushers. Mechanical brake is articulated with torsion spring at running car frame. L-like lever small arm is composed by corner plate. Wheel pushers are connected with vertical lever articulated via the plate with corner piece to make the clearance between vertical lever and corner pierce to allow said vertical lever to make an angular turn. Mechanical brake is articulated by rope with vertical lever end. Invention differs from known designs in that vertical lever has parallel vertical rows of bores for fastening of said lever to aforesaid plate.EFFECT: controlled running gear brake operation interval, ruled out high inertial loads, damages and faults.3 dwg

ultibarrelled sprinkler unit // 2514357
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: multibarrelled sprinkler unit comprises a lid with the supply pipe equipped with barrels-jet nozzles located along the circle and made at an angle to its surface. On the lid five barrels are placed as follows: two upper barrels are mounted threadedly at an angle of 45° to the horizon and deflected from the axial line of the supply pipe by the angle of 5-6°; two middle barrels are mounted threadedly at an angle of 30-35° to the horizon and deflected from the axial line of the supply pipe by the angle of 15-20°; the lower barrel is mounted with a thread at an angle of 20-25° to the horizon and directed along the axial line of the supply pipe. In the inner cavity of the barrels the screw guides with left-coiling are made. Distribution of irrigation areas from the barrels depends on the pressure in the supply pipe and range of throw S of jet, which is determined from the equation S=V02cosα⋅sinα+V0cosαV02sinα+2ghg, where V0 is jet exit velocity from the barrel; α is the angle of installation of the barrel to the horizon; h is the installation height of the barrel above the soil surface; g is acceleration of gravity.EFFECT: increased efficiency of irrigation water use, increased productivity.3 dwg

ulti-support circular-action sprinkler-machine // 2512549
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed sprinkler-machine comprises water feed pipe with wheeled running gears and stationary support interconnected by arm turning about vertical axis. Brake elements are composed by levers fitted in cantilever on axles coupled with running gear frames to interact with rollers located at brake elements ends and articulated with water feed pipeline. Novelty of invention consists in that brake elements are made composite and consist of coaxial concentric cylindrical parts coupled by thread joints to displace axially. Adjustment elements are arranged between levers pins and running gear frames and composed of coaxial concentric cylindrical parts coupled by thread joints to displace axially. Note here that adjustment elements ends are rigidly fixed at running gear frames on one side and, on opposite side, levers pins are fitted.EFFECT: multisupport sprinkler machine running car brake position adjustment under varying operating conditions is made by selection of appropriate wheel size.5 dwg

Wheel of multi-support sprinkler plant propulsor // 2512259
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed wheel comprises tire with rim, hub with side disc and axle, drive ring with thrusts mounted thereon, fasteners to attach said drive ring to said hub and anti-recoil brake interacting with said thrusts. It differs from known designs in that radial guides are arranged at drive ring and fitted with through holes arranged in circles to receive sliders with stops and through bores to displace radially and to be secured in said guides by bolts.EFFECT: higher machine efficiency due to fast replacements.7 dwg

Wheel of propulsor of multisupporting sprinkling machines // 2497349
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: wheel of propulsor of multisupporting sprinkling machines comprises a tire (1) with a rim (2), a hub (3) with a side disc (4) and the axis (5), the drive ring (6) with stops (7) mounted on it and fastening elements (8) for connecting the drive ring (6) with the hub (3), the pusher (9) and counterrecoil brake, which interacts with the stops (7). The drive ring (6) is mounted with the ability to change the axial position on the pins (11) with a thread arranged in parallel to the axis (5) and rigidly connected to the side disc (4) having a diameter greater than the diameter of the hub (3), with the ability of locking by means of fastening elements (8). The novelty of the invention in that the pins (11) are provided with radial through holes (13) arranged in planes parallel to a diametrical plane of the wheel, the removable locking pins (14) are located in the radial through holes (13), in the drive ring (6) the holes are made in the form of arcuate slots (12) and radial recesses (15) for entering by the removable locking pins (14).EFFECT: increased accuracy of adjustment of the angular position of the drive ring relative to the tire with the rim.1 cl, 3 dwg

Irrigation system // 2497348
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: irrigation system comprises a fixed support, self-propelled trucks with hydraulic cylinders. The apertures of water bearing pipeline are made of plastic pipes. The pipes are welded together and assembled in the frame. The frame is made of metal angles. Metal angles are interconnected by plates, brackets and cross bars that form a rigid structure. The construction is supported in the vertical and horizontal planes. The ends of the frame are attached to the frames of supporting trolleys. On the water bearing pipeline the polymer sleeves are welded for mounting irrigation devices of single- or multi-jet drain valves and sleeves of hydraulic cylinders. On the water bearing pipeline near the trucks the irrigation devices are mounted. The irrigation devices are equipped with reflectors with cross blades for providing irrigation in the sector.EFFECT: construction enables to increase the lifetime of the water bearing pipeline of the machine and to improve the quality parameters of irrigation.5 dwg

Self-propelled gradient trolley of multisupporting multisectional irrigation system // 2496305
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: self-propelled gradient trolley of multisupporting multisectional irrigation system comprises a frame (1) with the carrier beam (2) fixed to the pressure pipeline (3) with L-shaped rack (4) located offset with respect to the longitudinal axis of the carrier beam (2) at the ends of which gradient supports (5, 6) are installed in pairs comprising the supporting piles (7) and the hinge four-link chains (8) connected with the actuator (9) of the course movement. The novelty of the invention is that the trolley comprises a motion control system (10) enabling the irrigation machine to adapt to the field shape, comprising adjustment electric drive of the course movement (11) of gradient trolley and the additional drive of rotation (12) of the gradient trolley with respect to the section of the pressure pipeline (3) with the angle of rotation sensor (13). The electric drive of the course movement (11) is made, for example, in the form of a combined motor reducer (14) with adjustable rotational speed on the output shaft (17) of which the antiphase cranks (18) are secured of one pair of gradient supports (5) which are driven, at that the drive of the second pair of gradient supports (6) located at the opposite end of the carrier beam (2) which is driven, is carried out through the principal gradient supports (5) through common supporting ski-shaped piles (7) serving to reduce the pressure on the ground, which are pivotally attached to the support links (19) of hinge four-link chains (8) of each side by means of resilient hinges (20), for example rubber-metal. Additional drive of rotation (12) is made in the form of a linear electric drive (21) hingedly attached with levers (22, 23) on the carrier beam (2) and the L-shaped rack (4) made rotatable relative to the carrier beam (2), on which the angle of rotation sensor (13) of the gradient trolley is also mounted.EFFECT: increased capacity utilisation of land in the fields of irregular shape and increased energy efficiency of multisupporting multisectional irrigation machines with gradient trolleys.1 cl, 3 dwg

Self-propelled gradient trolley of multisupporting irrigation system // 2496304
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: self-propelled gradient trolley of multisupporting multisectional irrigation system comprises a frame (1) with the carrier beam (2) transversely fixed to the pressure pipeline (2) with the racks (3), (4), at the ends of which the gradient supports (5, 6) are installed in pairs comprising the supporting piles (7) and the hinge four-link chains (8, 9) connected to the output shaft (10) of the reducer (11) of actuator (12). The novelty of the invention is that the trolley comprises driving (5) and driven (6) gradient supports, arranged in pairs at the ends of the carrier beam (4), and in the primary gradient supports (5) the hinge four-link chains (8) consisting of the support links (13) formed in the form of double-arm connecting rods, rocker arms (14), the free ends of which are pivotally mounted on the boards to the carrier beam (4), and also the primary cranks (16), connected to the output shaft (10) of the reducer (11) of the actuator (12) by additional mechanisms-correctors (17) in the form of flat four-link mechanisms that transform the uniform rotation into uneven, of containing primary cranks (18) of the mechanisms-correctors (17), the intermediate connecting rods (19) and the driven cranks (20), which are also primary cranks (16) of hinge four-link chains (8) of primary gradient supports (5). The primary cranks (18) of the mechanisms-correctors (17) are mounted on the output shaft (10) of the reducer (11) of the actuator (12) in antiphase, and in the driven gradient supports (6) the hinge four-link chains (9) also consisting of the support links (13), rocker arms (14) and cranks (16), are connected on the boards with the actuator (12) through the hinge four-link chains (8) of primary gradient supports (5) by common supporting piles (7) made ski-shaped, pivotally attached to the support links (13) of the hinge four-link chains (8, 9).EFFECT: increased energy efficiency of self-propelled multisupporting multisectional irrigation machines with gradient trolleys gradient trolleys of multisupporting irrigation systems.1 cl, 3 dwg

Self-propelled walking trolley of multi-support multi-section sprinkler of circular operation // 2495562
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: self-propelled walking trolley of multi-support multi-section sprinkler of circular operation comprises a frame (1) transversely fixed to a discharge conduit (2) with legs (3) of a carrier beam (4), at the ends of which there are walking supports (5) installed in pairs, each of which comprises a support foot (6) and a four-link hinge (7) associated with an actuator (8). The four-link hinge (7) of the walking supports (5) consists of cranks (11) connected with the actuator (8) via a cardan transmission (15), support members (12) are pivotally attached to the foot (6) and rocker (13), the free ends of which are articulated at the board on racks (3). The four-link hinge (7) of the walking supports (5) are arranged in vertical planes of walking, being offset from the longitudinal axis of the carrier beam (4) at an angle α=arctg(12(L−ΔL)), where 1 - length of the carrier beam (4), L - length of one section of the discharge pipe (2), Δ L - the displacement of the end section of the longitudinal axis of the carrier beam (4). Racks (3) have additional holes (18) for the swivel mount rocker arm (13), paired for the left and right sides, the number of pairs is equal to the number of sections of the multi-section sprinkler. The axes of each pair of holes (18) for the swivel mount rocker arm (13) of the right and left sides are made with an offset chosen under the condition S2S1=L−ΔL+B/2L−ΔL−B/2, where S1 and S2 - length of walking supports (5) pitch, respectively, for lagging and anticipating running boards, B - track width of the walking trolley of the sprinkler .EFFECT: reduced costs of power per turn, decreased jamming of plants, facilitated unification of actuator elements.1 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of operation of plant protection unit with satellite navigation on agricultural fields // 2492626
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the plant protection unit is operated, which consists of the vehicle and the sprayer with nozzles for spraying agent of protection. The operation of the movement of plant protection unit is performed by the onboard computer with the navigation system in accordance with coordinates of the route inputted in the onboard computer. The operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzles of the sprayer in untreated areas of the field. At that operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzle of the sprayer in untreated contaminated areas of the field to be sprayed - the contaminated area. The operation of the plant protection unit, movement and choice of the route geometry of movement, positioning accuracy of the unit on the route, the length of the rod, the number of nozzles on the rod, the radius of nozzle discharge pattern, the criterion for inclusion of the nozzles and operation of spraying is carried out with a minimum of environmental damage, and power resources costs of the plant protection unit, taking into account the spatial position of the contaminated zones and field configuration for a given precision of navigation and the system of determining the geographical coordinates.EFFECT: method enables to minimise environmental damage and power resources costs for operation of the plant protection unit by reducing the length of the route of movement of the unit on sites including the contamination zones.4 dwg

Sprung bridge for sprinkling machine // 2488267
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention concerns agriculture, particularly, a suspension bracket for a self-propelled agricultural sprinkling machine. A vehicle comprises a frame, a bridge and a suspension bracket. The suspension bracket comprises at least one pair of connecting traction rods. The pair of traction rods, when looked at from the tops, forms "X", and when looked at the side, the rods are parallel to each other. The suspension bracket comprises the first upper pair and the first lower pair of connecting traction rod supports. The upper pair is located in the middle between the opposite ends of the bridge and is located between the lower pair of the traction rod supports. The second upper pair and the second lower pair of supports of connecting traction rods are installed on the main frame. Some ends of the upper pair of connecting traction rods are connected with several ones of the first upper pairs of the traction rod supports, the other ones - with several ones from the second upper pairs of traction rod supports. Some ends of the pair of lower traction rods are connected with several ones of the first lower pairs of the traction rod supports. Other ends are connected with several ones of the second lower pairs of the traction rod supports. The first and second upper pairs of traction rod supports are arranged so that one traction rod from the pair of upper connecting traction rods jointly with one traction rod from the specified pair of the lower connecting traction rods form "X". The other traction rod of the pair of upper traction rods jointly with the other traction rod from the pair of lower traction rods form "X". The suspension bracket comprises at least one pair of connecting traction rods, jointly with each other forming "X", when looked at from the top, in which the first ends are connected with the bridge, and the second ends are connected with the frame. The first and second ends of traction rods are arranged relative to each other so that at least one pair of traction rods is parallel.EFFECT: invention provides for development of a wheel suspension bracket for a vehicle, which eliminates problems related to movement of rear wheels strictly in a track of front ones, when a bridge swings along an arc relative to points of fixation of a stabiliser of transverse stability.4 cl, 4 dwg

Wheel of propulsor of multitower sprinkling machines // 2479202
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: wheel comprises a tire 12 with a rim 11, a hub 10 with lateral discs 5 and an axis 9, a drive ring 7, fasteners 2 to connect the drive ring 7 to the hub 10, a pusher 13, and an anti-recoil brake 16. On the drive ring 7 the stops 8 are mounted. The brake 16 interacts with the stops 8. The drive ring 7 has joint plates 15 with holes 14, mounted in the center plane and fixed on the inner surface of the drive ring 7. The drive ring 7 is mounted with the ability to change the axial position and fixation by the fasteners 2 on the pins 6 with screw 3, located parallel to the axis and rigidly attached to the lateral disc 5. The lateral disc diameter is made larger than the diameter of the hub 10. The pins 6 pass through the holes 14 in the joint plates 15 of the drive ring. In the pins 6 there is a set of radial holes 4 located in planes parallel to the center plane of the wheel. In the holes 4 of the pins 6 the removable thrust pins 1 are mounted.EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to improve the control accuracy of the axial position of the drive ring relative to the tire of the rim.4 dwg

Irrigation system // 2477606
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: irrigation system comprises two sprinkling machines, joined to each other with a flexible traction rod, equipped with central vertical stands, fixed to the centre of the tray, on the stands there are radial spikes fixed by ties with sprinklers. Sprinkling machines move in series upwards without rotation and downwards with rotation along its inclined ropeways using the tray weight, when filled with irrigation water in the upper point of the inclined ropeway, and water is supplied from the tray along tubular spikes to sprinklers using a centrifugal force when moving downwards with simultaneous rotation of the sprinkling machine around the stand on the support. The system comprises a ratchet interacting with a spinner arranged in the form of a pulley rolling along the ropeway in the horizontal plane. Filling of the tray with water happens via a drain, opened as the end switch installed in the upper point of the ropeway interacts with the carriage at the moment of contact, and closed as the hook installed on the float inside the tray is disengaged after filling it with water.EFFECT: increased operational reliability of a system.1 cl, 1 dwg

ulti-support sprinkler propulsor wheel // 2477225
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and may be used in sprinkler machines. Proposed wheel comprises pneumatic tire 1 with rim 2, hub 3 with axle 4, drive ring 6 with stops 7, fasteners to joint drive ring 6 with hub 3, pusher and self-adjusting brake interacting with stops 7 Stops 7 are mounted on removable shackles secured to drive ring 6 on the side of its outer circumference. Note here that shackle inner surface is aligned with drive ring outer circle arc. Thrust bolts are fitted on one side of shackle to enter shackle threaded holes to contact with drive ring 6. Adjusting screws are fitted on opposite side of said shackles to enter threaded holes and provided with taper ends to enter taper recesses on drive ring surface.EFFECT: higher machine efficiency.6 dwg

Device of automatic control of multisupporting irrigation machine of front action // 2476067
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises pipelines of right and left wings of the machine, a unit of movement synchronisation along the course and control unit of the machine speed. The pipelines of the right and left wings of the machine are mounted on electric shuttles. The unit of movement synchronisation along the course comprises a guide wire. Along the irrigation channel on the racks a contact network is mounted, interacting with the current collector. The current collector through the telescopic mechanism is mounted on the shuttle. The shuttle moves on the opposite side of the irrigation channel. The current collector output is connected to the input of the control panel. The control panel output is connected to the input of electric power meter. The outputs of the electric power meter are connected to the inputs of the contactor, the microprocessor control unit, and the frequency converter. The inputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to the timer, the course stabilisation system, the system of the shuttles synchronisation in line, the distometer, the irrigation norm setter, the setter of the irrigation length section, the flow meter, and the pressure gauge. The pressure gauge is mounted on the pipeline. The outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to electric hydraulic valve, frequency converter, contactor, devices of the shuttles synchronisation in line and devices of stabilisation of the left and right wing course. The outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected via a vacuum pump to the pump input. The pump output through the electric hydraulic valve the flow meter is connected to the pipeline. The microprocessor control unit is connected to the input-output of the interface device. The signal from the output of the frequency converter is set to the electric drive of the left and right wing of the machine. The output of the contactor is connected through the electric motor to the pump input.EFFECT: construction enables to improve the quality of irrigation and environmental friendliness of energotechnological process of irrigation.2 dwg

Irrigation system // 2467563
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: irrigation system comprises self-propelled trucks (11) with hydraulic actuators, an irrigation pipe (3) with water outlets, the water supply facility, devices of surface irrigation. The water supply facility comprises a drum (2) and a unit of connecting the hoses to the pipe (3) of the device. The drum (2) comprises two sections with two water-supply hoses coiled on them. The drum (2) is made with the ability to rotate freely on the pipe (3) of the device. The drum (2) is provided with a brake (17). The unit of connecting the hoses to the pipe (3) of the device comprises a two-way check valve (6). The two-way valve (6) comprises one outlet (7), and two inlets (8, 9) with slots (10, 11) made of an elastic material. Through-holes in the slots (10, 11) are alternately overlapped with the ball valve (12). The ball valve (12) is made with the ability to move freely from one slot to another in the guides (13). The inlets (8, 9) are connected to the first (14) and the second water-conducting hoses (15). The outlet (7) is connected to the cylinder with seals (16), which is located on the pipeline in the area of water-supply windows with the ability to rotate around the pipeline. Hose laying device comprises two guide wheels (18, 19) and stops (20). The guide wheels (18, 19) are located on the shaft (21) with the possibility of free rotation. The stops (20) prevent the movement of the drives on the shaft (21) in the axial direction and are pivotally mounted on the pipe (3) of the device of the brackets (22) with holes. In the holes the ends of the shaft are located with the ability to move freely in the holes in the axial direction. The first hose (14) is wound on the drum (2) in one direction and is placed in the first guide wheel (18). The second hose (15) is wound on the drum (2) in the opposite direction and is placed in the second guide wheel (19). Both hoses are provided on both ends with the pipes and are connected to the hydrants of the discharge pipe (27) of the irrigation network alternately. Subsurface irrigation devices of boom type are fixed with clamps on the pipe (3) of the device and are connected in pairs to the water outlets of the device with flexible hoses. The flexible hoses are connected to the water outlets through the T-shaped pipes. Subsurface irrigation devices in each pair are arranged symmetrically with respect to the pipe (3) of the device. Subsurface irrigation devices can be rotated around the longitudinal axis of the pipe (3) and can be fixed at a certain angle with a clamp of attachment clips.EFFECT: construction enables to enhance the uniformity of distribution of rain on the area of irrigation.3 dwg

Irrigation system // 2467562
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: machine comprises a water bearing pipeline with sprinklers, a guiding bearing support. The guiding bearing support consists of two trucks with hydraulic drives. The trucks with the hydraulic drives are equipped with shutoff valves, actuating valves, and a slide of the follower. On the frame of the guiding truck the motion control system on course with the guide plate is mounted. The water bearing pipeline is mounted on the trucks with hydraulic drives. The slide of the follower moves in the guide groove. On the water bearing pipeline between the trucks of the guiding bearing support a drum is mounted with the ability to rotate with the flexible pressure hose. The extreme trucks of the machine are equipped with two speed controls of forward and reverse motion. The trucks with the use of ropes are connected with overhangs of frames of penultimate trucks. The shutoff valves are hydraulically connected with the actuating valves, which are controlled by the guide plate of the motion control system at the course.EFFECT: construction enables to automatise the motion control of the irrigation system at the specified course.5 dwg

Sprinkling machine // 2460278
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: sprinkling machine comprises one central carriage 13 and two side carriages 14, 15 driven by hydraulic cylinders 10, 11, 12, sprinkling pipeline 18, speed controllers 16, 17, and machine course control device. Said side carriages are arranged in symmetry on both sides of said central carriage. Said machine course control device consists of carrier 2, frame 3, first and second pushers 4, 41, turn assembly 5, first and second speed controllers 16, 17. The latter consist of first and second shaped control rods 8, 6, first and second control valves 6, 7. Base of frame 1 is articulated to central carriage frame 13. Frame top is pivoted to carrier 2. Control rods are pivoted by their first ends to frame 1. Second end are pivoted to speed controllers to control first and second control valves. One speed controller is secured to one side carriage. Second speed controller is secured to another side carriage. Inlets of control valves are connected to machine pipeline 18. Control valve outlets are connected to side carriage hydraulic cylinders.EFFECT: correction of machine travel.1 dwg

Sprinkling machine // 2453109
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device includes a pumping station, a pressure distribution pipeline, a transport truck with a drum, a flexible irrigation pipe from the articulated sections with racks with sprinkling devices for positional irrigation of agricultural crops. The flexible irrigation pipe after irrigation is wound on a drum, without dismantling to sections. The barrels of the sprinkling devices are folded automatically, with each having a flexible element in its bottom. The flexible element is mounted on an adapter-hydrant of the irrigation pipe and secured on it with combined eye lugs and a finger. At the upper part of the barrel of the sprinkling device two supports with pushers are pivotally mounted. The pushers are attached to the protective casing. The casing is automatically thrust over the sprinkling device when reeling the irrigation pipe and yanking the supports.EFFECT: this design enables to reduce irrigation erosion.2 dwg

Selective velospraying machine // 2432740
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: selective velospraying machine, moved by the operator, provides a basic bicycle 1 with a side wheel and a pipe with nozzles 15 for liquid chemicals feeding of the treated crops. A high construction frame 2 is attached to the frame of the base bicycle with a lateral pipe with nozzles 15 for liquid chemicals feeding of the treated crops. The side wheel is fixed to the rack, which is connected to the construction frame by means of swing arm 5 with a movable element and the lock, and a horizontal rod, fixed in a side pipe with the possibility of extension. The nozzles 15 have a device 17 to install them and fix on the side pipe and horizontal rod, made with the possibility of regulation of their height and width to feet the selective plots.EFFECT: design of velospraying machine is universal, because it allows lateral adjustment of the wheels and nozzles, depending on the width of space between rows of cultivated plots Its use will reduce labor costs involved in spraying.7 dwg

Irrigation system // 2432737
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: irrigation system consists of motorised vehicles with hydraulic device, irrigation devices, fixed pole with fixed pipe and turning knee, the control valve. Machine pipeline is connected to knee. Machine pipeline is equipped with irrigation apparatus and is placed on mobile carts with hydraulic drive. Last truck with hydraulic drive is equipped with crane setup device setting machine speed. Crane setup device is designed as a hydraulically driven valve. Hydraulically driven valve drain hole in the top cavity and is connected to hydraulic pressure pipe through another hydraulically driven valve. The hydraulic drive connected to protection system controls hydraulically driven valve. Control valve is mounted on the rotating knee and provided with a rod. Rod interacts with the guide groove of software unit. The software unit is fixed on the tube in the form of a disk. In the body of disk guide groove is placed, which reflects the reverse profile of the field on the front of machine movement. Irrigation machines are equipped with controls of flow characteristics. Controls of flow characteristics are made in the form of hydraulically driven valves. Hydraulic drives of hydraulically driven valves are separated with a membrane to form upper and lower chamber. The upper chambers of hydraulic drive are connected to the control tube of protection system. The lower chambers of hydraulic drive are connected to machine pipeline of the irrigation devices. The lower chamber of hydraulic drive adjusting spring is placed. Regulating spring interacts with the adjuster and the membrane of hydraulically driven valve through a per heel block.EFFECT: design will enhance the functionality of the device1 dwg

ulti-support sprinkler propulsor wheel // 2430510
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed wheel comprises tire with rim, hub with side disks and axle, drive ring, fasteners to joint drive ring to hub, push rod and recoil brake. Thrusts are mounted on drive ring. Brake interacts with thrusts. Drive ring is provided with perforated corner plates arranged in midplane and secured on drive ring inner surface. Said ring may change its axial position and be locked by fasteners on threaded rods arranged parallel with axle and rigidly coupled with said disk. Side disk diameter exceeds that of hub. Rods pass through drive ring corner plate perforations.EFFECT: higher reliability.3 dwg

ulti-support sprinkler machine of circular action // 2428834
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: sprinkler machine comprised a water supply pipeline with carriages, a fixed support and anti-rollback brakes. Carriages are connected to each other by means of an elbow that rotates around the vertical axis. Anti-rollback brakes are fixed on frames of carriages. There are trays installed under frames of carriages between the wheels. Trays are connected to frames of carriages by means of vertically directed springs.EFFECT: increased reliability of sprinkler machine operation.2 dwg

Installation to treat water mainly for drip irrigation systems // 2411719
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural melioration and may be used to prepare water supplied to drip irrigation systems. Installation for water treatment comprises hydraulic cyclone, input and output pipelines with gate valves, chamber of treatment wastes collection with quick-detachable cover to manually remove wastes at one end wall and ball or plug valve for hydraulic cleaning of chamber - at the other one. Pipe filter is installed into inner part of hydraulic cyclone. Pipe filter represents a tubular item, in which perforated bearing frame is installed inside fibrous porous pipe with air gap between them. Lower end of pipe filter is plugged. Corrosion-resistant nozzle with flange is mounted at upper end on thread. Pipe filter is flanged to output nozzle of hydraulic cyclone and irrigation system by bolt joint. Input and output pipelines upstream gate valves are connected to each other by pipeline with gate valve. Such arrangement makes it possible to periodically change mode of operation. In one mode irrigation water is filtered by hydraulic cyclone and pipe filter; in other one - pipe filter and chamber of treatment wastes collection are washed with a return water flow into discharge system.EFFECT: invention provides for improved technological and operational reliability, service life of drop lines and reduced labour inputs.2 dwg
 
2551000.
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