With tools on horizontal shaft transverse to direction of travel (A01B33/02)

Combined unit for biomelioration of degraded soils with desalination and sowing of seeds // 2619449
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: combined unit for biomelioration of degraded soils with desalination and sowing of seeds includes a self-propelled unit with a two-section frame (2, 3) equipped with wheels. The first section (2) of the frame has one wheel pair (4), on the second section (3) there are two wheel pairs (5.6). The operator's cabin (29), the diesel engine (30), the venting device (31), the soil-cultivating machine (7), which includes an additional mobile frame (8) with hollow parabolic racks (9), a bottomless bucket (10) with a shutter (11) in the form of a flat knife with a mouldboard (12), and a disc-chopping device (14) are installed on the first section (2) of the frame. A product pipeline (17) with nozzles, connected through a pump (15) with a meliorant container (16), is mounted under the mouldboard (12). Behind the mouldboard (12), on the back wall (19) a flat knife for stripping the cut-off boundary layer of the soil is fixed. A product pipeline (27) with nozzles (28), connected to the liquid manure container (26) through the pump (25) is fixed behind the back wall of the bottomless bucket (10), under the casing. A filter (55) of the gas distribution device (42), a pneumatic drill (48) hopper, a fan (46), a container (49) for aqueous solution of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms, a container (54) for loose meliorants with a pump and a product pipeline, and a water container (56) are installed on the second frame section (3), and a bar-type roller (57) is attached to the end face. In the second frame section (3), an additional frame (32) is placed, with the movably fixed mechanism of deepening a tiered volumetric subsoiler (34) made with hollow parabolic racks (35) connected by mouldboards (36). The product pipelines (37) in the racks and under the mouldboards (36) are connected to the container (40) for the components of the organomineral water-regulating shield, are connected to the ejectors by the gas distributing device (42), the pressure nozzles behind the mouldboards (36) of the shield components in the gas jacket. On the additional frame (32) a battery of bilateral duckfoot shovels (44) with hollow racks, a pipeline, and nozzles is mounted. The mouldboards (36) connecting the parabolic racks (35) of the tiered volumetric subsoiler (34) are made arc-shaped with the insertion of horizontal sections of different lengths at extreme points, and two symmetrical conjugate mouldboards (36) contain a transverse profile with a curved surface and exceeding the level of conjugations above the edge level. The disc-chopping device (14) is made with a drive axle fixed to a hollow rack between the side walls of the bottomless bucket (10) and alternating of chip-saw discs, small discs with rigidly fixed double-edged pick-shaped knives and discs with moving beating knives on the axis. The discs with pick-shaped knives are frictionally connected with the leading small discs and are installed in front of and between the pairs of chip-saw discs with a diameter exceeding the rotation perimeter of the pick-shaped knives. Inside the pair of chip-saw blades on the axis (59) there are small discs with installed rollers and beater knives. Two-edged chopping knives with a tiered installation and cutting edges perpendicular to the disc butt are fixed on the butt surfaces of the chip-saw discs, and harpoon-shaped chopping knives are rigidly fixed on the perimeter of the discs.EFFECT: reducing the time for melioration of degraded lands with the provision of increasing the productivity of agricultural land.3 cl, 3 dwg

Combined unit for seeding grasses in sod of hayfields and pastures // 2614607
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: combined unit for strip seeding of grasses in the sod of hayfields and pastures includes the frame with a lifting gear, and the gearbox and the hoppers for mineral fertilizers and seeds with sowing apparatus connected via fertilizer and seed ducts to fertilizer and seed guides respectively, mounted on the frame. On the front of the unit, behind the fertilizer guides, horizontal milling sections are mounted, provided with knives, casings with plates and shields on which seed guides are placed, and coverers and rollers are installed behind the casings. Behind the horizontal milling sections the vertical milling sections are mounted, equipped with straight knives with wings curved inward. The working bodies of the milling sections are closed by a casing.EFFECT: invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery industry, in particular to combined units for tillage and seeding.2 dwg
ultifunctional tiller // 2614379
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, in particular to tillage machines. Multifunctional tiller comprises frame with hitch attachment and side walls, milling drum with permanent and arranged there between detachable blades or teeth sections, rear spring-loaded shield with detachable ridging housings, center and side on its lower surface, and with detachable blades, detachable support wheels. Milling drum contains permanently fixed and detachable sections and has drive mechanisms in form of driveline, central reduction gear, intermediate and side gear transmissions. Tiller is equipped with removable rippers arranged below milling drum in front of its detachable sections, detachable furrow shapers made in form of spherical discs with adjustable angle of attack and installation height, arranged in front of side walls and facing by sphere concave to tiller longitudinal axis. Side walls are equipped with support wheels posts installation devices, made with possibility of installation in front of milling drum or along furrow shapers trace behind side walls. Ridging housings are made removable, and side housings are installed with controlled mid-path.EFFECT: such design solution is aimed at tiller functional capabilities expansion.1 cl, 8 dwg

Screw hillers // 2613428
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Screw hiller consists of a shaft, two partial coils with the profile of the Archimedes spiral with a decreasing radius from start to finish, and a pitch of the first round, three times the pitch of the second, and the propeller-blade. And downstream of movement hiller supply cylindrical casing set at a minimum distance from the propeller-blade and two-centimetric clearance of uncultivated soil surface.EFFECT: invention allows to push the soil from the scope of its interaction with the coils and improve the performance of agricultural equipment.1 dwg

Rotary ameliorative ripper // 2608067
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, namely to rotary tillage tools for soil loosening with simultaneous introduction of ameliorants and fertilizers into soil. Rotary ameliorative ripper comprises units of disks with blades installed by means of leads. Cutting blade of knife is made along parabolic curve. Knives are placed on hubs, mounted on axis via plain bearings. Holes are drilled in hubs, conjugated with grooves, made in knives on side opposite blade. Axis has central hole for leads of fertilizers. In zone of knives annular grooves are located on axis. In lower part of axis grooves are connected with radial holes with annular grooves. External part of blade has soil-gripping tip made along radius of circle. In cross section blades are made in form of interfaced hyperbolas, axial lines of which are asymptotes. Fertilizer chutes are tightly connected to central hole on axis, which are connected to discharge cavity of fan connected to fertilizer dosing device.EFFECT: this design solution provides simplified design of ripper and improved fertility of soil and crop capacity.1 cl, 3 dwg

Rotary ripper // 2569977
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: rotary ripper comprises a housing with a hinged device. The hydraulic cylinder regulating the operating width is mounted in the upper part of the housing. The shaft with hubs, on which the working bodies are mounted, is driven by the hydraulic motor, a shaft mounted on it, and is covered with a protective casing. The working bodies are made in the form of elliptical blades. The hubs are mounted on the shaft with the possibility to change their mutual position. To adjust the depth of processing the ripper comprises hydraulic cylinders with gauge skids. In the front part of the housing, two flat discs of directional stability are mounted.EFFECT: improved quality of soil treatment.3 cl, 6 dwg

Walking tractor with retractable transport wheel // 2569967
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery industry, in particular to walking tractor with retractable transport wheel. The walking tractor comprises a fixing support (1) for fixing the hinge lever (2) designed to retain the transport wheel (4). The fixing support (1) has at least one elongated guide slot for insertion into it of a guide pin. The guide pin is fixedly attached to the hinge lever (2) and is movable in this elongated guide slot by moving the hinge lever (2) from the transport position to the working position and back. Between the axis of rotation and the hinge lever (2) there is at least one spring so that it can prevent spontaneous sliding of the hinge lever (2) on the axis of rotation, and the hinge lever (2) comprises a fork formed by two parallel parts, between which a spring is located.EFFECT: structural solution enables to facilitate the movement of the transport wheel from the transport position to the working position and back, as well as to eliminate the possibility of unlocking the hinge lever.16 cl, 10 dwg

Tool for surface tillage // 2564873
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: tool comprises discs with knives. The tool is made semi-mounted, mounted on a rectangular frame resting on wheels adjustable in height. On the frame three ripper drums are mounted hingedly via the carrier frames - two lateral and one rear. The rear drum is mounted with overlapping the grasp width of lateral drums. The ripper drums consist of discs with knives mounted on the octagonal axis. The knives are made on the outer part of the discs have a height equal to the maximum depth of tillage, and placed on the disc at an angle of 42-45 to the direction of the tool movement. The front wall of the knife is made perpendicular to the soil surface, and the rear wall has a sharpening angle of 12-15 to the front wall. The discs with knives are fixed to the octagonal axis so that the knives of the adjacent discs are shifted with respect to each other and placed on the drum along a helical line. The carrier frames of the ripper drums for changing position relative to the soil surface have hydraulic cylinders.EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to improve the quality of soil ripping and to ensure full cutting of weeds while simultaneous reducing energy costs.4 dwg

illing cultivator // 2563940
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: milling cultivator comprises a frame (1), on which the sections of the working bodies are hingedly attached. The working bodies are discs (22 and 23) with blades. Each section consists of two half-sections of working bodies with individual side gear. The half-sections together with their side gears in each section are shifted in the direction of travel of the cultivator relative to each other. The cultivator comprises a central bevel gear connected to the propeller shaft of the tractor. The central bevel gear is connected through the shafts with the additional gears. On the output shafts of gears the variator drive pulleys are placed, connected by belts to the driven pulleys. The driven pulleys are connected with the transmitting gears, of which the drive shafts (13) with the drive pinions (15) pass, interacting with the intermediate pinions (16) of inclined gears of the sections. The inclined gears are driven to rotation by the pinions (17 and 18) of the side individual gears of the semi-sections of working bodies.EFFECT: quality treatment of soil with retaining its structure at high productivity of the process.6 dwg

Rotary thatcheriser-chisel cultivator // 2546192
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: rotary thatcheriser-chisel cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, a rotor counter-rotating to the movement of the tool with the shaft and the combing teeth on it, and the driving mechanisms of the rotor. The teeth of the rotor are arranged in one plane of rotation and secured to the flange movable in the plane of rotation. The teeth are placed along a helical line with an angular displacement on the adjacent flanges of not less than 45. The flange holder is connected to the rotor shaft by means of elastic elements. The elastic elements are mounted in the annular cavity between the connected surfaces of the holder and the shaft. The holder and the shaft contain the longitudinal ribs respectively on the inner and outer connected surfaces. The longitudinal ribs are arranged with the same angular displacement. The length of the part of the annular cavity of the unloaded rotor is filled with the elastic elements in front of the edge of the shaft, and at least two times greater than in front of the rib of the holder. In front of the rotor in the middle part of the bands extending between its teeth the circular knives with leashes are mounted. The leashes of the circular knives are mounted on the bearing beam with the ability of adjustment in height of the unit. At the rear part of the rotor between the teeth the grooved and tapered down shields are located. The shields contain rounded longitudinal ribs of different heights. The leashes of the shields are pivotally connected to the bearing beam with restriction of their descent. The lower ends of the shields are located behind the body of rotation of the rotor.EFFECT: providing stability and quality of the process of extraction from the soil of root residues of perennial plants and reduction of energy consumption for deep loosening of the soil.3 cl, 3 dwg

Remote section of garden rotary cultivator // 2544378
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: remote section of the rotary cultivator comprises a movable frame of the rotary cultivator section with working elements, and a hydraulic cylinder of section lifting. The movable frame is made rotary and is provided with a roller and a sidewall fixed to it, mounted at the side of the processed plants, a parallelogram linkage mechanism, an apron fastened to the lower part of the frame, a drum of the working elements with a hydraulic motor, a hydraulic distribution valve, at least two hydraulic cylinders of deflection and inclination of the section and the probe.EFFECT: grinding of plants in inter-trunk space of fruit trees together with the milling operation is provided.2 dwg

Rotary subsoil cultivator // 2538821
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: rotary subsoil cultivator comprises a frame with a connecting device, the driveless ripper working bodies installed in series, forcibly rotating rotor with teeth on the horizontal shaft, the rotor drive mechanisms, and a compactor. The ripper working bodies are made in the form of spherical discs. The discs are mounted with an angle of attack in front of the rotor teeth and are facing with the convex to the longitudinal axis of the subsoil cultivator. The diameter of the rotor is at least one and a half times greater than the diameter of the discs. The discs are arranged above the lower line of the rotor body of revolution by an amount exceeding not less than half the radius of the disc. The devices for connection of the discs with the frame are made with elastic elements. The compactor is made with adjustable limitation of lifting height. The rotor teeth are provided with replaceable cutting devices. The discs are made adjustable in height and fixed on the spring-loaded or spring racks.EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption of loosening the soil by rotary subsoil cultivator and cost of power to the rotor drive, providing sustainable performance of processing the agricultural backgrounds with weed vegetation.3 cl, 2 dwg

Tool for surface tillage // 2538810
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: tool comprises a frame, drive rotary working bodies arranged in two rows, a bevel gear. On the output shafts of the gear the removable sprockets are mounted. The removable sprockets are connected by a chain with the removable sprockets on the shafts of the rotary working bodies. The circumferential speed of the rotary working bodies of the first row is 1.03-1.1 of the speed of the tractor, of the second row is 1.05-1.15. The rows of the working bodies are installed perpendicular to the direction of motion of the tool with location in a checkerboard pattern. The working bodies are made in the form of wheel spiders. The needles of the wheel spiders are bent along the evolvent of circle. On the convex side of the needles of the working bodies of the first row in the tangent planes the chisel elements in the form of an isosceles triangle are fixed. The base of the triangle is parallel to the axis of the wheel spider. The top of the triangle is directed towards the end of the needles. The distance from the top of the chisel elements to the ends of the needles is equal to half the depth of processing. On the needles of the second row of the working bodies the chisel elements in the form of an isosceles triangle are fixed. The top of the triangles is located at the end of the needle. The chisel elements of the second row of the working bodies are rotated relative to the needles and form an acute angle with the axis of the wheel spiders. The needles are alternately turned about the axis of the wheel spider in opposite directions.EFFECT: solution is aimed at reducing energy consumptions and increase in quality of the surface treatment of soil.4 dwg

ethod of forming of furrow slices and device for its implementation // 2537554
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to vegetable farming. The method is implemented by means of laying of milled soil for the formed furrows to the surface of unprocessed soil. For long-term provision of cultivated crop with accessible (capillary) water entering the soil mass with capillary porosity, formed within a long period after qualitative autumn treatment the dried surface layer of this mass id destructed and removed. Meanwhile newly formed surface layer additionally compacted, that prevents to excessive loss of capillary water. The soil with non-capillary porosity hard-worked on the usual mass making side slopes and sowing layer, forming the hole soil mass as a furrow slice. The device includes the power shaft, fixed on the frame, with interspaces between milling drums with covers, shaping furrow slices. Meanwhile it is equipped with chains fixed on the driving shaft in interspaces between the milling drums.EFFECT: group of inventions allows to prevent an excessive loss of capillary water and for a long time to provide the cultivated crops with accessible water.2 cl, 2 dwg

Rotary tiller // 2535745
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machine industry, in particular to rotary tillers. The tiller contains hinge, rotor, central conic and board reducers, protective cover, holding tank. The holding tank is made as a lattice bucket. In the bottom of the tank an unloading hatch and support beam with raning roller on hallow stands. Inside the hollow stands the pushers with springs are installed. On the roller axle the protuberances are provisioned. The protuberances interact with pushers and shake the holding tank at motion.EFFECT: qualitative loosening of soil and its solid lamps, and also their final elimination from the field surface is ensured.6 dwg

Ripper-weeding unit // 2532054
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery industry, particularly to machines for loosening soil and destroying weeds. The ripper-weeding unit is made in the form of a drum with the grasp width of 1.2-1.5 m and comprises a housing, a hexagonal shaft driven by power takeoff shaft. On the hexagonal shaft the rows of housings are mounted. On the peripheral part of the housings with the help of pins and holders the toothed blades are mounted. The toothed blades have the vertical angle of entry of the outer part of the blade into the soil, and the sharpening of the inner part at an angle of soil crumbling of 12-18. The holders are fixed to each other by the compression springs and have in front part the wedge-shaped edge with a wedge angle equal to the angle of friction of the soil sliding on the steel. The toothed blades are made expanding to the outer edge and have a wedge recess with the toothed cutting edge.EFFECT: constructive solution is aimed at quality preparing of the field for crop growing and increase in productivity.3 dwg

Device for preparation of forest soil to preliminary natural forest regeneration // 2529249
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to forestry and can be used for preparation of forest soil to natural forest regeneration. The device comprises a frame of rectangular cross-section, a hollow cylinder, a shaft, ratchet mechanisms with hydraulic cylinders. On the lateral surface of the hollow cylinder the niches are made with plates with working elements mounted in them. The working elements are made in the form of openers and mounted between each other at a distance of 5 to 15 cm. The plates are mounted with the possibility of changing the position in the niches for providing processing the soil to a depth of 2.5 to 5 cm.EFFECT: this constructive solution provides improved quality of forest soil surface processing and seed germination in natural forest regeneration.3 dwg

Tool for surface tillage // 2524374
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: tool for surface tillage comprises discs curved along the helix line. The discs are located so that the cutting edges of the adjacent discs are located in the same vertical plane in the direction of movement. The discs are mounted on the hubs mounted on the hexagonal shaft. The hexagonal shaft has support bearings with anti-friction liners. The tool is made sectional. To provide the soil contour following the section coverage should be 120-150 cm. The sections are mounted in two.EFFECT: soil loosening is provided without removal of lower moist layers.3 dwg

Device for subsoil rotary milling with forced cleaning of mechanical drive and its cutting element from soil // 2517859
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises two rotary milling chisel ploughs located vertically symmetrically along the direction of travel of the device, mechanically connected to a common driver. The rotary milling chisel plough is provided with an annular milling chisel plough. The annular milling chisel plough is provided with outer cutting elements, provided along its outer side at the side surfaces alternately on the left and on the right. In front of the cutting element a container for receiving soil is made. The container for receiving soil is simultaneously a cavity of engagement of the gear drive on the outer side of the annular milling chisel plough. The container for receiving soil of the annular milling chisel plough is provided with a recess on its rear surface formed parallel to the plane of the annular milling chisel plough between the bottom of the container for receiving soil and the cutting element of the annular milling chisel plough. The rear surface in the direction of rotation of the pinion tooth is provided with a projection which width is 20-30% of the width of the pinion tooth, which lateral plane is made in one plane with the lateral surface of the tooth, directed towards the central plane of the pinion.EFFECT: this constructive implementation enables to improve cleaning the container for receiving soil of the annular milling chisel plough and the cutting element of the annular milling chisel plough from the extracted soil, to reduce the tractive resistance and energy consumption, to improve reliability of the device.2 cl, 2 dwg

Device for subsoil milling // 2507728
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the agricultural machinery industry, in particular, to devices for subsoil milling. The device comprises two rotary milling chisel ploughs (2). The rotary milling chisel plough (2) is provided with a disc (4) of the milling chisel plough and an annular milling chisel plough (5). Over the milling chisel plough (2) the drive gear (15) of the drive is mounted. The gear (15) is located above the soil surface and is provided with teeth (14) of engagement. The teeth (14) alternately on the left and right interact with containers (12) for receiving ground of the annular milling chisel plough (5). On the container (12) surface rear in the direction of rotation of the annular milling chisel plough (5) the stop (13) is made. The surface of the tooth (14), which is rear in the direction of rotation of the drive gear (15) rests on the stop (13).EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to reduce the draught resistance and energy consumption, to improve the reliability of the device.2 dwg

Operating tool of soil tillage device // 2495552
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machine building, in particular, to rotary operating tools of soil tillage devices. The operating tool comprises a shaft with rigidly fixed blades. Blades have rectilinear and elliptical cutting edges. The rear edge of each blade is made in the form of the elliptical curve and stretches via the spike of the blade and the rear end of its rectilinear edge. The direction of bulges in the elliptical and rear cutting edges is same, and their length is equal. Blades are fixed in pairs on opposite faces of the shaft with displacement by 90. The spike of one blade and the rectilinear cutting edge of the other pair of blades are in the same plane perpendicular to the axial line of the shaft.EFFECT: structural solution makes it possible to evenly till soil and provides for stable operation of a soil tillage device at slopes.3 dwg

Working body of soil-cultivating cutter // 2481759
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the agricultural machinery industry, in particular to milling tillage tools, and can be used for rotary tillage. The working body of soil-cultivating cutter comprises knives and a main shaft with two carriers rigidly attached to it, between which in their holes three milling drums are movably mounted with knives rigidly mounted on them. At the ends of the milling drums on one of the carriers the satellites are rigidly mounted connected by the gear drive with the sun gear located on the main shaft and rigidly mounted to the gear case.EFFECT: invention enables to mill the soil with lower power.2 dwg
ethod for long-term management of productivity of steppe biogeosystems // 2480980
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, in particular, to land reclamation. The method includes deep tillage of soil with soil cultivating tools with passive actuators, rotor-milling treatment of internal soil layers, which is carried out 2-5 years after deep tillage of soil with soil cultivating tools with passive actuators. Soil treatment is carried out in cycles, cycle components include deep tillage of soil with a soil-cultivating tool with passive actuators for depth of 45-50 cm with a pitch of vertical plane circumscribed by the treatment tool in the space of soil continuum, multiple to minimum distance between lines of plants of future agrophytocenosis, for instance, 45 cm, 70 cm, 110 cm. After deep tillage of soil with a soil-cultivating tool with passive actuators in 2-5 years rotor-milling treatment is carried out for internal soil layers in the discrete zone of soil continuum in the layer of 25-50 cm. The width of the treated space of the soil continuum, for instance, 15 cm, 23 cm, 34 cm, is selected so that it makes not more than 1/3 of the distance between lines of deep tillage. The discrete zone of rotor-milling treatment of internal soil layers is placed in the soil continuum symmetrically so that the vertical axis of its symmetry matches the axial plane of symmetry of the vertical discrete zone of the soil continuum, previously arranged in the space of the soil continuum with a treatment tool of the soil-cultivating tool with passive actuators. In 20-30 years the cycle is repeated by means of the specified sequence of soil treatments. Treatment is carried out with displacement in the vertical plane circumscribed with the treatment tool of the soil-cultivating tool with passive actuators in the space of soil continuum by 1/3 of the distance between tillage lines selected when performing the first cycle of soil treatment. Cycles of soil treatment by the soil continuum are closed in 60-90 years and are continued in the same manner.EFFECT: method makes it possible to stabilise soil profile and a biogeosystem as a whole, to improve quality of soil tillage, to provide for long-term soil reclamation effect and to optimise conditions for development of plant rhizosphere.

Device for rotary subsoil loosening // 2475005
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a frame and two rotary slot-cutters. The rotary slot-cutters are mounted on the frame, are located vertically symmetrically along the direction of the device and are mechanically linked to a common drive. Under the drive a subsoil milling device is located. The slot-cutters and the milling device have shafts placed horizontally and perpendicular to the direction of motion of the ripper. The device has a gear pinion of drive of the annular slot-cutter located on the frame above the rotary slot-cutter and provided with outer engagement teeth performed alternately on the left and the right in the direction of rotation of the gear pinion. The rotary slot-cutter is provided with the slot-cutter disc and the annular slot-cutter. On the outer surface of the annular slot-cutter complementary to the outer engagement teeth of the gear pinion the engagement recesses are made. Along the inner surface of the annular slot-cutter alternately on the left and right engagement recesses are made. The slot-cutter disc comprises an idler, support and center drive gears, which engagement teeth are made alternately on the left and right along the outer cylindrical surface of each gear complementary to the engagement recesses on the inner surface of the annular slot-cutter. On the idler, support and center gears and the inside annular slot-cutter a cylindrical bearing surface is made, which diameter of the circle is equal to the diameter of the corresponding circle of the engagement. The annular slot-cutter is provided with cutting elements mounted along its outer cylindrical surface alternately on the left and right in the direction of rotation of the annular slot-cutter. In front of the cutting element on the side surface of the annular slot-cutter a container for ground intake is made which is open towards the side and the outer cylindrical surfaces of the annular slot-cutter. The milling device shaft is made with consoles. The engagement recesses of the gear transmission are made on the side surface of the annular slot-cutter and oriented to the outer side of the annular slot-cutter. The lateral plane of the engagement recesses is made on the same side of the annular slot-cutter as the container for ground intake of the annular slot-cutter relative to the appropriate side surface of the annular slot-cutter to a great 15-20% depth than the lateral plane of the container for ground intake of the annular slot-cutter.EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to reduce tractive resistance and energy consumption, to increase the reliability of the device.3 cl, 2 dwg

Device for creation of deep loose soil layer // 2471323
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises two rotary slot cutters located vertically symmetrically along the direction of the device movement, and connected mechanically to a common drive. The device comprises a rotary intrasoil cutter located below the drive. The cutter shafts are located horizontally and perpendicular to the direction of motion of the ripper. The rotary slot cutter is provided with an annular slot cutter. The device has a pinion, idler, support and center gear wheels, the teeth which engagement is made alternately left and right along the cylindrical surface of the engagement on every detail of the engagement on which they mutually rest with the toothed wheel gearing. The annular slot cutter is provided with cutting elements made on his side surfaces alternately on the left and right, forming capacity for receiving soil. The device is equipped with intrasoil rotary cutter which shafts are located horizontally and perpendicular to the direction of the ripper movement. The rotary slot cutter is equipped with the sun pinion mounted on a separate shaft, located on the frame of the device in the bearings horizontally and perpendicular to the direction of the ripper movement. The annular slot cutter is made in the form of an outer planetary gear. The pinion, idler, support and center gear wheels are made planetary to the sun pinion and the annular slot cutter. The shaft of intrasoil rotary cutter of the lower soil layer is mounted to the idler planetary gears of the rotary slot cutter. The shafts of intrasoil rotary cutter of the topsoil are mounted in the support planetary gears of the rotary slot cutter.EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to improve the quality of soil treatment by layer by layer loosening the soil.3 dwg

Device for rotary internal soil tillage // 2454846
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a shaft of a horizontal internal soil milling appliance with cutters, and the shaft is made with cantilevers. The shaft is arranged perpendicularly to the direction of tiller movement and is mechanically connected to two rotary slot cutters. Slot cutters are arranged vertically symmetrically along the direction of the device movement, cutters have actuators. An odd actuator of a cutter is arranged at the angle of 90 to the cutter plane. A cutting edge of the odd actuator is aligned in parallel to the cutter axis. The odd actuator is arranged at the angle of 60-65 to the cutter plane and is aligned in a direction opposite to the odd actuator. The cutting edge of the even actuator is arranged in the plane parallel to the cutter axis of rotation.EFFECT: structural design will make it possible to provide for decompaction of inner soil levels and their mixing with each other both in direction of device movement and in transverse direction with high quality, reliability and low energy inputs.4 cl, 5 dwg

Device for rotary subsurface tillage with mechanical drive // 2454055
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a rotary slot cutter with a slot cutter disc, a circular slot cutter with an intermediate gear of inner engagement, a master, an alignment and a slave gears of the subsurface tiller drive. The device is equipped with an intermediate gear of a drive, which is installed on the slot cutter disc with engagement and the inner intermediate gear of the circular slot cutter drive and the slave gear of the drive of the subsurface tiller. The circular slot cutter is equipped with external cutting elements and reservoirs to get soil arranged between them. Cogs and dents of engagement of the master, intermediate of inner engagement, intermediate and slave gear of the subsurface tiller drive are arranged in pairs as complementary in turns at the left and right along engagement of each gear. The master, intermediate of inner engagement, intermediate, alignment and slave gears of the tiller's drive are equipped with cylindrical support surfaces. Support surfaces of gears are arranged in the form of sections of the cylindrical surface, along which elements of the circular slot cutter drive are mutually run in. The generatrix of the cylindrical surface is a pitch circle of each gear. Support surfaces are arranged as complementary in turns at the left and right oppositely to the appropriate cog and dent of the gear engagement.EFFECT: increased efficiency of soil treatment.

Device for loosening internal layer of soil // 2444874
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device has two rotary gap-cutters arranged vertically symmetrically along the direction of movement of the device and mechanically connected with a common drive. The device has intra-soil rotary miller located below the drive. The miller has shafts placed horizontally and perpendicular to the direction of the ripper. The rotary gap-cutter is equipped with a ring gap-cutter, a driving gear, idle gear and centering gear of the drive, which catching teeth are made alternately on the left and on the right along the catching. On the driving gear, idle gear and centering gear and the ring gap-cutter there is a cylindrical bearing surface, diameter of which circle is equal to the diameter of the corresponding circle of the catching. The ring gap-cutter is equipped with cutting tools located on its side surfaces alternately on the left and on the right. The rotary gap-cutter is equipped with a sun gear mounted on a separate shaft, located on the frame of the device in the bearings horizontally and perpendicularly to the direction of the ripper. The ring gap-cutter is designed as outer planetary gears. The driving gear, idle gear and centering gear are made planetary to the sun gear and the ring gap-cutter.EFFECT: constructive implementation will improve the reliability of the device operation.2 cl, 3 dwg

Clod breaker knife of soil cultivating cutter // 2421958
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: knife comprises a plate with working and fastening parts, working and rear ribs and side surfaces. Side surfaces of the knife are equipped with through teeth installed perpendicularly to them with height exceeding the plate thickness at least five times. Teeth arranged near the end of the working part are displaced towards the rear rib at the distance, which is less than the tooth height.EFFECT: increased intensity of soil crushing and reliability of the knife.3 cl, 1 dwg

echanical drive of rotary cultivator for inner soil layer // 2420939
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: rotary cultivator drive comprises a disk slot cutter, a master gear of spindle joint, an intermediate gear of the inner spindle joint, a master gear of the spindle engagement of the inner soil layer cultivator shaft drive. The drive also comprises the intermediate gear, which is arranged on a separate axis with engagement between the intermediate gear of the inner spindle joint arranged in the inner cylindrical surface of the slot cutter disk, and the master gear of the spindle engagement of the inner soil layer cultivator shaft drive.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce power inputs in processing of soil and traction force to move the device, and also to increase it reliability.2 dwg

Device to control depth treatment of soil by frontal rotary internal soil cultivator // 2418399
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a sensor of vertical position of a working element in a frontal rotary internal soil cultivator relative to soil surface. The sensor is arranged in the form of a support ski mounted on the cultivator frame with the possibility of elastic deformation at the vertical load of 0.1 of weight of frontal rotary internal soil cultivator. The device also comprises an information-logical actuating unit of permanent depth of soil treatment and a logic electronic control system of the actuating unit of the permanent depth of soil cultivation.EFFECT: structural design will make it possible to control depth of soil treatment during movement of the cultivator with high stability, quality, reliability and lower power inputs.7 cl, 5 dwg

Cultivator // 2387117
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: cultivator comprises bearing structure, power module with driving mechanism, system of weeds removal and mechanism of displacement. System of weeds removal is connected to bearing structure with power module by means of connection element. Driving mechanism of power module is arranged with the possibility of rotation transfer to mechanism of displacement at least via one transmitting mechanism and to system of weeds removal. System of weeds removal is made of generator, which is connected by transmitting mechanism to driving mechanism of power module and device of electric pulses generation, and at least two electrodes with device of their position setting relative to weeds and cultivated soil.EFFECT: such design of cultivator will provide for efficiency of weeds extermination.1 dwg

Device for rotary internal soil ripping // 2376737
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises two rotary slot cutters arranged vertically symmetrically along direction of device motion. Slot cutters are mechanically connected to common drive and have shafts arranged horizontally and perpendicularly to direction of ripper motion. Under drive there is an internal soil miller. Rotary slot cutter is equipped with disk of slot cutter and circular slot cutter. Disk of slot cutter comprises master, slave, support and aligning gears of drive, engagement teeth of which are arranged alternately on the left and right along external cylindrical surface of each gear. On master, slave, support and aligning gear and on circular slot cutter there is a cylindrical support surface, circumferential diametre of which is equal to diametre of according circumference of engagement. Circular slot cutter is equipped with engagement teeth arranged on its side surfaces alternately on the left and right directed towards its internal cylindrical surface. By means of cylindrical surface, circular slot cutter interacts with geared engagement arranged on external cylindrical surface of master, slave, support, aligning gears of drive. Circular slot cutter is equipped with cutting tools arranged on its side surfaces alternately on the left and right and directed towards its external cylindrical surface.EFFECT: such structural design will make it possible to perform simultaneous arrangement of two slots in soil for water absorption, decompaction and mixing of internal soil layers with preservation of humic layer, strubble and glass cover onto soil surface, to increase device reliability and to reduce energy inputs.4 cl, 2 dwg

Tillage machine rotor // 2369058
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: rotor comprises a shaft, holders, cutting elements and springs. The shaft is made of a pipe and consists of sections connected through flange joints. The cutting elements are fixed in the holders which are set inside the shaft and welded to it with sequential angular displacement along the spiral line. The cutting elements are fixed by the springs which are placed inside the shaft and are entering the grooves made in the cutting elements with alternating section in an arc. The spring coil interval in the free state is less than the interval between the holders.EFFECT: invention allows for the reduction of the rotor weight, reduction of labour content in the cutting elements replacement and provides for fast process adjustment depending on the mechanical and physical properties of soil.6 dwg

Shredding drum // 2361380
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: shredding drum consists of cutters, gathered into discs two by two pairs in each and rigidly joined with hollow arbor. Cutters in discs are located evenly circumferential after 90. Discs on hollow arbor are turned for 30 and located at a distance relative to each other. Cutters are implemented plane and allows shape of side profile, formed by two arcs of radius, equal to radius of circle of location of its shirttail. Such structural implementation will provide reduction of process energy intensity and to prevent development of erosion processes ensured by reduction of shattering grade of soil.EFFECT: reduction of process energy intensity and to prevent development of erosion processes ensured by reduction of shattering grade of soil.2 dwg

Tiller // 2359440
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: tiller consists of frame with facility for coupling with power module and working tools rigidly secured on frame by means of holders. The working tools have curvilinear working surface, a curvilinear breaking edge and reverse-double-pointed chisels. Curvature of working surfaces faces axis of symmetry of the tool. The frame is made in form of a front and back longerons and side beams installed at an angle to longerons. The holders of working tools are secured on the frame symmetrically relative to lengthwise axis of the tool and in pairs. Distance between lengthwise-vertical planes of identical holders of neigbour working tools on the beam is at ratio to the distance between transverse-vertical planes led through a heel of the front and point of the following working tool as (500-700):(50-150). Angle between axis of each side beam and lengthwise axis of the frame is within ranges of 50-70 degrees. Distance between front holders of working tool fastened on neighbour beams is in interval of 700-1000 mm. The tool is equipped with a roller, hinged on the frame and kinematically connected to it by means of device regulating depth of tilling. A vertical pole is assembled in the centre of the front longeron. The upper part of the vertical pole is connected to the central part of the back longeron and its ends by means of braces thus forming isosceles triangle.EFFECT: facilitating upgraded quality of soil treatment and reliability of process.2 cl, 4 dwg

Soil tillage device // 2349065
FIELD: agricultural industry.SUBSTANCE: soil tillage device of the present invention comprises two hub-mounted disks positioned along an outside diameter of said hub in the form of alternating projections and grooves furnished with inclined peripheral slots. The aforesaid slots house segmented blades having a trapezoidal cross section. The slots are positioned close to the front end in the rotation direction in such a manner that the full width of a blade backplane fits into an inclined slot. The segmented blade plane front end protrudes by the amount that is in a radial projection equal to the maximum blade-cut soil layer thickness. The said segmented blades are fastened by means of countersunk head bolts in the direction from the side of segmented blade plane front end to backrest rear end of inclined slots of each disc.EFFECT: lowered power and metal consumption; reduced time required for reblading.2 cl, 1 dwg

Circular soil mellowing mechanism // 2343656
FIELD: agricultural industry.SUBSTANCE: soil mellowing mechanism consists of a casing, blades, axial pins and springs. Casing is made in the form of a disk with an axial box, or a spoke wheel with an axial hub. Each blade is arc-shaped and provided with a square hole made in the blade, and has stiffeners made in the form of side plates with a hole provided for the axial pin, a flange in the upper part, and locks. Blades are hinged by means of holes and axial pins to the casing so that they can turn within specified limits. Springs are made in the form of angled rods with a bent end which is installed in the casing's hole. Bent part of the rod envelopes the axial pin and is pressed to the blade plane.EFFECT: improving soil mellowing quality, and simplifying the design.1 dwg

Rotary cultivator // 2340134
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: rotary cultivator contains a gearhead of the running wheels and a gearhead of the tillage tools acting as a frame. Running wheels and tillage tools are fixed correspondingly on the axles of gearheads. Electric motor of the driving unit of the tillage tools, lever with control unit and gearhead of the running wheels are rigidly fixed on the gearhead of the tillage tools. Electric motor with a rotation frequency control module is fixed on the gearhead of the running wheels. Control module is kinematically connected with a spring - driven hanging knife through a lever tracing density variation of the soil.EFFECT: ensures balanced motor load, will increase operational safety of the elements of the driving gear, quality of tilling and its productive capacity.2 dwg

Cylindrical soil tiller // 2337512
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: soil tiller comprising housing, metallic fork, springs, and stops. The housing is designed as a closed barrel with a shaft and end flanges. The fork is made with arc-shaped teeth. The fork teeth are secured in nipple slots so that they project from the back of the fork. The fork is pivotally mounted with its nipples in the end flanges. The stops are made of angles and secured on the housing surface and along the housing. The springs are made as headless pins with curved ends and installed with their circular parts on the nipple ends. The curved pin ends are inserted into holes in the end flanges and into the projecting parts of the outermost teeth.EFFECT: increased soil cultivation quality and simpler design.1 dwg

Soil-cultivating rotary machine // 2328099
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: machine contains a frame, a knife drum, installed on a shaft, breakers, a drive mechanism and a protective casing. The machine is supplied with flat hoes and flat disks, pivotally fixed on a frame. The drum is executed rotary, and knifes - in the form of wheel spiders, fitted on a drum. Breakers are fixed pivotally on a protective casing and springs to a frame. Flat disks are spring-actuated and are located before each wheel spider, and flat hoes are behind them.EFFECT: increase of productivity and quality of processing of all soils types for one pass; increase of machine reliability and its service life.3 cl, 1 dwg

Working tool for rotary tiller // 2300181
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for processing of licorice roots.SUBSTANCE: working tool for rotary tiller has L-shaped knife with bent wing provided in lower part of tine. Flat portion of knife including bent wing is joined to C-shaped member. Tine, wing bent portion, C-shaped member and flat portion of knife are made in the form of integral part manufactured from strip construction steel and equipped with cutting edge extending along longer strip. Cutting edge has variable sharpening angle reducing in direction of free end of knife flat portion. Mounting part of tine is equipped with receiving cylindrical belt. Bending lines of wing and C-shaped member are offset from their surfaces by value equal to bending radius r=(0.7-0.9)xb, where b is width of wind. Angle between cutting edge of tine, wing bent portion, C-shaped member, knife flat portion and bending lines of wing and C-shaped member is 45-75 deg.EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing clean cut of licorice roots in the process of removal of blackhead and reduced labor intensity in manual processing of licorice root mass.4 cl, 4 dwg

Rotary tillage tool // 2299535
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment which may be used for removal of non-standard parts of licorice such as black head in mass extraction of licorice raw material.SUBSTANCE: rotary tillage tool has knife drum mounted on horizontal rotating shaft and equipped with disks having circumferentially secured knives. Each knife is positioned so as to be moved between adjacent disks. Knife is made U-shaped and fixed with its vertical strips on disk. Horizontal blade is deflected from generatrix surface of knife drum by an angle of 5-15 deg. Horizontal blades of knives in each section between adjacent disks are spaced apart from axis of rotating shaft of drum by distances differing from one another. Front and rear parts of vertical strips and horizontal blades are fitted with continuous cutting edges sharpened at an angle of 18-21 deg. Vertical strips and horizontal blade of each knife are made in the form of integral part.EFFECT: improved quality of cut of licorice root in removal of black head and reduced consumption of manual work for sorting out of raw licorice roots into standard and non-standard parts.3 cl, 4 dwg

Rotary tiller // 2294072
FIELD: agricultural engineering.SUBSTANCE: rotary tiller has shaft and knife equipped with cutting edges. Knife is made of inversion-turning type, in the form of integral part manufactured from constructional steel strip. Knife cutting edges are provided along steel strip. Knife is equipped with left-hand and right-hand strips and joined to said strips through channels defined upon bending of strips by an angle of 90 deg toward working surface of knife along bending lines inclined at an angle of 30-60 deg toward cutting edges. Cutting edge of left-hand strip is inclined toward knife working surface at an acute angle, and cutting edge of right-hand strip is inclined at an obtuse angle. Cutting edge of knife is set at an angle of 3-8 deg to generatrix surface of rotary tiller shaft. Free ends of strips are equipped with mounting openings and seat belts.EFFECT: improved quality of shear, increased efficiency and reduced consumption of power for rotary tillage process.2 cl, 7 dwg

Circular soil mellower // 2282957
FIELD: agricultural engineering.SUBSTANCE: mellower has casing formed from three disks secured to one another and equipped with axial bushing, spades with lever, and springs. Disks are mounted for pivotal rotation within the ranges restricted by supporting pins. Spades with levers are made arcuate and mounted on axial pins in slot between outer disks. Each of said springs is made U-shaped with bent ends. U-shaped part embraces spade lever. Bent ends are inserted into openings provided through outer disks.EFFECT: simplified construction, wider operational capabilities and reduced operating costs.1 dwg

anually operated cultivator // 2273975
FIELD: agricultural engineering.SUBSTANCE: cultivator has hollow tine and electric engine for drill, said engine being fixed on tine and connected to drive shaft coupled through toothed transmission to horizontal shaft. Toothed transmission is mounted within casing. Working tools similar to cutters are detachably secured on ends of horizontal shaft protruding through casing. Hollow tine of cultivator is formed as straight pipe with flange at its one end for connection to casing of toothed transmission formed conical and to joining unit on its other end for attachment of electric drill. Electric engine for drill is used for rotation of drive shaft equipped at its ends with shanks for respective attachment within electric drill spindle and on drive gear of conical toothed transmission. Electric drill handle is used as electric engine controlling means. Bolts for attachment of cutter knives are positioned so that nuts are arranged at the side of ends of horizontal shaft extending from casing.EFFECT: improved operating characteristics of cultivator and convenient employment thereof for cultivation of difficult-for-access soil plots and small area soil plots.3 dwg

Rotating mellower for soil under humus layer // 2273120
FIELD: agricultural machines, in particular, equipment for cutting of water-absorbing slits and mellowing of soil under humus layer therebetween.SUBSTANCE: mellower has two disk-type slitters, rotavator for soil under crust, and their common pin drive, which are mounted on different shafts arranged in parallel with one another and perpendicular to direction of advancement of unit. Pin transmissions and their drives are positioned within inner cavity of bowl-shaped disks of slitters arranged symmetrically at both sides of rotavator. Such construction allows two water absorbing slits of desirable sizes to be simultaneously cultivated (cutting of new slit and cleaning of previously cut slit) during advancement of unit in soil, and mellowing of soil under humus layer to be steadily provided by thinning and mixing of the latter.EFFECT: provision for retention of soil humus layer, stubble and grass cover on soil surface at high stability, improved quality, enhanced reliability in operation and reduced consumption of power.2 dwg

Tillage tool // 2252517
FIELD: agricultural engineering; rotary tillers.SUBSTANCE: proposed rotary tiller tine consists of two parts-base and point hinge connected to each other. Base is provided with slot to accommodate point. Point is fixed in working position by limiter which is provided with vertical slot for interacting with boss of point made conical as inner surface of limiter slot. Point is additionally fixed in working position by flat-spiral spring secured by one end in slot of base and by other end thrusting against end face of point for displacement. Base of tine is rigidly secured on disk.EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability of working process.5 dwg

Cultivator // 2230444
The invention relates to the agricultural industry and can be used for soil cultivation in home gardens or farms
 
2550987.
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