Ploughs with special additional arrangements, e.g. means for putting manure under the soil, clod-crushers (A01B17)

eliorative subsoiler // 2615361
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: reclamation subsoiler contains fixed to the frame body and dumping fertilizer of distributing machines with fertilizers, the high-pressure fan with flue which is tightly connected to the fertilizers. Behind the mouldboard bodies using racks with the front of the wedge-shaped knife, fixed-arched feet subsoiler, located at a height lower than the coulter dump buildings. Under the subsoiler legs, the dispensers hermetically connected to the fertilizers. In the upper part of the frame the tanks for ameliorators, fertilizers or livestock waste. Containers are sealed with lids and are screw feeders, the drives of which are made form the PTO shaft of the tractor. Containers for livestock effluents are installed on tanks for ameliorators, fertilizers, and are equipped with reel dispensers placed in the barrel bottom of the tank for livestock waste. The direction of rotation of the coils counterclockwise, the rear and front body portion has a clearance between the teeth of the coils, providing the possibility of rotation of the coil, but the leakage-preventing livestock waste through the gap. The teeth of the flexible coil are made of wear-resistant material. At the bottom of the cylindrical body, the coil dispensers are provided with exhaust ports, located above the containers for ameliorators and fertilizers, and is formed by the drive coils shaft screw feeders.EFFECT: increase crop yields.3 dwg

Reclamation fertilizer distributor-subsoiler // 2614371
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry. The reclamation fertilizer distributor-subsoiler of plough-layer comprises moldboard bodies fixed to the frame fertilizer dispensers with fertilizer funnels, a high-pressure fan with an air duct. The fan is tightly connected to the fertilizer funnels. In front of the moldboard bodies on racks the unilateral flat hoes-subsoilers are mounted, located at a height below the cutting plane of the moldboard bodies. The racks of the unilateral flat hoes are made knife-like with an inclination of the blade to the horizontal plane against the direction of movement at an angle of 60-65°, providing the soil layer cutting with sliding on the blade. At the rear wall of the racks the fertilizer funnels are located, connected with fertilizer distributors mounted under the flat hoes. The fertilizer funnels are tightly connected to the fertilizer distributing units and the pressure cavity of the fan. The fertilizer distributing units are made screw and mounted in the bottom of the hoppers for fertilizers. The hoppers have tight covering lids. Over the hoppers a tank for livestock wastes with reel dispensers is mounted. The drive of the fertilizer dispensers and reel dispensers is made from the PTO shaft of the tractor through a gearbox. The fan drive is made from the hydraulic motor.EFFECT: decrease in the traction resistance of the tool and the fertilizer saturation of subsurface horizon is provided.3 dwg

Tool for ameliorative chisel tillage // 2579791
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural engineering, in particular to tools for reclamation chisel tillage. Tool for reclamation chisel tillage comprises combined wedge-shaped stand with a fertiliser tube mounted on its rear part. Vertical cutting disc is placed before stand. Lower part of combined wedge-shaped stand has shape of parabola. On node part of stand there is a detachable chisel made of wear-resistant steel at an angle of 20…30° to horizontal plane. Fertiliser tube in rear part of stand has outlet holes on lateral sides. Outlet holes have outer edge located in plane of side wall of combined wedge-like stand, and are uniformly distributed over height in zone of plough soil horizon. Cutting disc is fixed to side walls of combined wedge-like stand with help of triangular cheeks with bolt connections.EFFECT: such design solution is aimed at reduction of traction resistance, as well as improved fertility of soil and crop capacity.1 cl, 3 dwg

Ameliorative tillage tool // 2566439
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry. The tool comprises mouldboard bodies mounted on the frame, fertiliser distributing machines, high-pressure fan with the air duct. The air duct is pressure-tight connected to fertiliser tubes fixed to the rear wall of the mouldboards and radially connected with the gap between the ploughshare and the mouldboard at a tangent to the surface of the mouldboard. On the outer surface of the ploughshare in front of the gap there are chisel protrusions, which extension over the gap is made in the form of teeth. The fan drive is made from the motor. On the working surface of the mouldboards the chisel rollers are made, fixed to the rear wall of the mouldboard and protruding above the mouldboard working surface. The fertiliser distributing machines are made reel. The length of the reel is equal to the width of the fertiliser tube. The reel cavities are formed in a helical line. The drive of the fertiliser distributing machines is made by the PTO shaft through the gearbox.EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to provide even distribution of fertiliser and ameliorants throughout the depth of the arable layer, and also to reduce the tractive resistance during processing, and to improve yields.3 dwg

Universal spinner plow with mulcher-clod breaker // 2562206
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural industry, in particular to tools for tillage. The plow comprises a frame formed from two hingedly connected sections. One of the sections is made rotary with plough bodies and rollers attached to it. The plough has a body rotation mechanism and an arc-shaped guide with limiters of horizontal movement of the frame rotary section. The plough also comprises a console attached to the stationary section of the plough frame for hinging of mulcher-clod breaker to it. The console is provided with a support in the form of a vertically extended axis of the biaxial hinge for unloading the console from unacceptable bending moment arising from the hinged mulcher-clod breaker. The working bodies of the mulcher-clod breaker are made in the form of discs having wedge-shaped projecting points with diamond shape in cross-section.EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to increase operational reliability of the tool, as well as to improve the quality of tillage.9 dwg

Fertilising and reclamation tillage tool // 2557171
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: tool comprises mouldboard bodies and a fertiliser distributor with fertiliser hoses mounted on the frame, a high-pressure fan with the air-duct. The air-duct is sealingly connected to the fertiliser hoses mounted at the rear side of the mouldboards. In front of each mouldboard body a vertical disc knife is mounted, fixed to the frame with removable brackets. The blade of the disc knife is connected with the toe of the mouldboard body. At the body mouldboard the fertiliser distribution openings are made, placed along the curves of sections of the mouldboard with longitudinal-vertical planes and located in a checkerboard manner. The inlet and outlet walls of the openings are formed on the parabolic curves. The fertiliser distributor comprises a hopper with a sloping bottom, in the lower part of which a cylindrical fertiliser intake device with a spiral guide is placed. The casing of the cylindrical fertiliser intake device in the inner cavity of the hopper has feeding openings which size is 2…3 times greater than the size of the particles of fertiliser or ameliorants. The fertiliser hose outside the hopper has a spiral guide and output windows connected to the fertiliser hoses mounted at the rear side of the mouldboards.EFFECT: implementation enables to reduce the tractive resistance with simultaneous uniform distribution of fertilisers or ameliorants in the arable layer.3 dwg

Combined tillage tool // 2555036
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: tool comprises mouldboard bodies mounted on the frame, fertiliser distributing units with fertiliser hoses, high-pressure fan with an air-duct. The air-duct is tightly connected to the fertiliser hoses. The fertiliser hoses are attached at the rear side of the mouldboards and radially connected to the windows, made between the ploughshare and the mouldboard tangentially to the surface of the mouldboards. On the outer surface of the ploughshare in front of the windows the ripper projections are provided, which continue over the windows in the form of teeth. The ripper projections have a cutting edge, which is directed along a path of movement of the soil layer, undercut by the ploughshare, and has a welding with solid wear-resistant alloy. The cutting edge of the projections is connected with ripping guides made on the outer surface of the mouldboards along the guide parabolic curves. The ripper guides have on the outer surface the welding with solid wear-resistant alloy. In the side wall of the fertiliser dispenser a fertiliser meter-mixer is made, representing a screw auger of left-hand orientation. The side wall of the auger housing at the side of the sowing unit is absent, and the lower part of the auger housing is sealingly connected with a mixer-guide. The mixer-guide has a metering valve and is sealingly connected to the fertiliser hoses.EFFECT: this constructive implementation enables to provide the uniformity of distribution of mineral fertilisers throughout the sternum of the arable horizon and increase in crop yields.5 dwg

Combined tool for potato growing // 2552900
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: combined tool for potato growing comprises the plough body with a shortened mouldboard mounted on the frame, and a drive vertical rotor with the hub placed behind it. The upper part of the hub is fixedly attached to the support disc. The lower part of the hub comprises the working bodies of the first tier on the multiple-thread helical line - lifting blades, in the middle part the working bodies of the second tier - the grinding elements in the form of ripper fingers. The ripper fingers comprise the bearing rods rigidly fixed in the lower surface of the support disc, with removable working bodies attached to them, made in the form of wedge-shaped prisms or cutting blades. A part of the rod fixed to the disc is not less than 1/4 of its length. The third tier is located above the hub and the support disc and consists of inclined beater planks rigidly secured at an angle to the vertical axis of the rotor. The lower ends of the beater planks are attached to the lower part of the hub, the middle part - to the bearing rods, and are interconnected with the upper ends by a ring. In the potato digging mode the digging plates are mounted on the bearing rods and the inclined beater planks, in the form of a polygon. The lower side of the polygon is set with a gap increasing from the rotor axis, and the lateral is parallel to its axis.EFFECT: increased degree of layer crumbling in the basic tillage mode, and reduction of damage to tubers when digging them out, reduction of labour intensity for changeover of the tool, and increase in reliability of elements of the structure.3 cl, 6 dwg

ethod and device for embedding into soil of hard-crushed plant residues // 2546899
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural engineering and is intended for embedding into soil of hard-crushed plant residues such as stalks of oil flax. The pusher is mounted at an angle to the direction of movement and is mounted either in front of the tractor or in the rear part of the plough at the side of the untreated field.EFFECT: invention provides offset of roller of plant residues by the pusher in the furrow opened by the plough, compaction of the roller at the bottom of the furrow by the tractor wheels moving on it, and then ploughing of the compacted roller and uncut stubble by the plough bodies with trash covers.4 cl, 3 dwg

Plough for mouldboard plowing // 2479180
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry, in particular to tillage equipment. The plough comprises right-hand or left-hand share-mouldboard housings. The hare-mouldboard housings are equipped with tillage discs fixed one by one at the rear ends of the mouldboards. The lead angle of the discs is set opposite towards the angle of the soil shear by the share-mouldboard housings.EFFECT: invention enables to provide a complete overturn of the layers, to improve the quality of plowing and to reduce tractive resistance.3 dwg

High-speed plow // 2470502
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building in particular to the combined plows. The plow comprises a ploughshare, a mouldboard, a field board, and a rack. The mouldboard comprises a shield and a freely rotating volume disk. The disc is mounted behind the shield. The angle "Г" determining the disk capacity is in the range: 180° > "Г" > 90°.EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to improve the operational reliability and durability of the plow, to reduce material consumption of the plowing process by reducing the resistance of the treated soil, and improve performance due to increasing the rate of soil treatment.2 dwg

Unit for pesticide application on perennial crops // 2463786
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: fertilising unit for application of the active ingredient in the root zone of a set of plants includes: subsoil plant-feeder with a cutting element for formation of a furrow in the ground, an injector connected to the cutting element to provide injection of the active ingredient in the furrow, and the positioning device made with the ability to change the position of the cutting element so that a furrow is formed in one material in the root zone when moving of the cutting element through the other material in the root zone. In the fertilising unit there is also a surface plant-feeder made with the ability to apply the active ingredient on the soil surface, and a deflector made with the ability to push off low branches from the way of the fertilising unit. The method of processing a set of plants involves the use of the unit to form a furrow in the root zone, and the use of the unit for injection of the active ingredient in the furrow.EFFECT: invention provides increase of efficiency of the active ingredient application in the soil, especially in areas with abundant vegetation.42 cl, 6 dwg, 2 tbl

Device for tillage with simultaneous distribution of liquid fertiliser in garden spacing // 2436269
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a rectangular welded frame with hitch systems, fixtures of working bodies and the working bodies. The working bodies consist of racks of bits, and arched semihoes with a cut in the back part are hinged to them. The device has a capacity with a relief valve that is connected to the tractor compressor with air lines, and with working routes through the collector and the diaphragm dosing device to the pipeline of fertilisers supply, located on the rack. The arched semihoes and bits have interchangeable plates with cutting edges and are connected with them by means of threaded connections with the possibility of formation the gap between the bit and the plate.EFFECT: design concept enables to expand the functionality of the device, increase operational reliability, reduce energy consumption of the process, reduce the application rate of fertiliser application while increasing the efficiency of its use, improve the quality of cultivated surface of soil.7 dwg

Plough-fertiliser // 2384033
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: plough comprises frame-fixed mouldboard units and fertiliser dispensers with fertiliser hoses. Fertiliser dispensers are equipped with air system for pressure supply of fertilisers. System of fertiliser supply comprises high-pressure fan with drive from hydraulic motor and air duct. Air duct has tappings to each fertiliser dispenser. Fertiliser hoses are installed behind stands of mouldboard units and are tightly fixed to slots arranged between ploughshare and mouldboard of units and directed along tangent to ploughshare. Fertiliser hoses are matched with slots along circumference arc. Fertiliser dispenser comprises tightly sealed cylindrical jar, on bottom of which there is a disk-batcher arranged. Disk-batcher represents a rotor, blades of which are arranged along logarithmic spiral. Disk-batcher is arranged as replaceable, and thickness of disk-batcher is selected depending on norm of fertiliser application. In cover of cylindrical jar there is a nozzle provided for connection to air duct tapping. Nozzle is connected by channel in cylindrical jar with dispensing window. Dispensing window is arranged in jar bottom. Front wall of channel has limiter of fertiliser layer height. There is an agitator provided on driving shaft of fertiliser dispenser. Drive of fertiliser dispensers is provided from tractor power shaft.EFFECT: such structural design will make it possible to reduce traction resistance and to provide for even distribution of fertilisers along width of plough layer.4 dwg

Plough - fertiliser // 2384032
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: plough comprises frame-fixed mouldboard units and fertiliser dispensers with fertiliser hoses. Plough is equipped with high-discharge fan with air duct, which is tightly fixed to fertiliser hoses. Fertiliser hoses are fixed on back side of mouldboards and are matched along radius with slot provided between ploughshare and mouldboard along tangent to surface of mouldboard. Ripping ledges are arranged on outer surface of ploughshare upstream the slot, and their extension over slot is arranged in the form of teeth. Fan drive is provided from hydraulic motor, and fertiliser dispensers are driven from tractor power shaft.EFFECT: such structural design will make it possible to reduce traction resistance, to provide for even distribution of fertilisers along the whole width of plough layer, which improves crop capacity of agriculture.3 dwg

ethod of matted soil treatment and associated plough // 2339205
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method provides for disking and ploughing. Disking is performed simultaneously with ploughing using flat disks and is realised by cutting turf layer into strip parallel to plough movement. Strip width is not equal. Widest strips are cut at the longest distance from landward edge of plough. Width of the most distant strip from landward edge is from half to two thirds of grip width. Each next strip has the same ratio. Plough includes frame, housing and disk knives. Disk knives are installed in front of each plough housing so that the farthest from landward edge disk knife shares the width of grip in ratio from half to one thirds of the given edge. Next knives share the remaining width between landward edge and neighboring knife in the same ratio. Rotational axes of adjacent disk knives are shifted with regard to each other in plough movement direction at the value, which less knife disk diameter.EFFECT: reduction of power costs, increase of productivity and improvement of matted soil treatment quality.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of procession of duodenal stump in case of ulcers penetrating into head of pancreas // 2335108
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, abdominal surgery, and can be used in treatment of duodenum ulcers. Duodenum is exposed and dissected at the level of distal edge of ulcer. First row of sutures is applied between distal edge of ulcer and anterior wall of duodenum. Indenting from proximal edge of ulcer, cut 5-6 mm deep is made on contour of ulcer bottom, forming "peak" from healing tissue. Between "peak" and anterior wall of duodenum second row of sutures is applied with tamponade of ulcer bottom with anterior wall of duodenal stump. The third row of sutures is applied between healing tissues of pancreas and anterior wall of duodenum. Method allows to suture duodenal stump reliably and hermetically due to reduction of tension of duodenum anterior wall during suturing.EFFECT: ensuring possibility to suture duodenal stump reliably and hermetically.4 dwg, 3 ex

Plow body // 2317665
FIELD: agricultural engineering.SUBSTANCE: plow body has tine with shoe, share, moldboard, and landside plate. Mellowing members fixed to moldboard working surface are made in the form wedge-shaped knives and arranged in offset relation with respect to one another, with apexes of said members being oriented toward share point. Mellowing members are made scimitar-shaped and equipped with flexible sweepers fixed to their upper parts. Flexible sweepers are formed as lengths of anchor chains. Two pins of different length are attached at different acute angles to direction of advancement on each chain length link. Angle of inclination of pins is smaller than friction angle of soil against steel.EFFECT: improved quality of soil due to improved mellowing of soil layer.2 cl, 3 dwg

ounted plow with active moldboard // 2311008
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, heavy soil tillage technique.SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, casing with shortened moldboard and rotating moldboard mounted above shortened moldboard and provided with knives fused thereto by means of hard alloy. Knives are made curved in their upper parts along parabola, with apex oriented downward. Lower parts of knives, not in the excess of one third of knife height, are curved along hyperbola, with apex oriented upward. For overcoming of loads connected with operation on heavy soil and for uniform rotation, rotating moldboard is equipped with impeller.EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage.2 cl, 1 dwg

Plow // 2297746
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tillage and preparing of soil for sowing procedure.SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, disks, working tool designed for rotating and placing of soil layer into furrow and provided with helical working surface, and mellower. Shaft with corrugated disks and mud scrapers is mounted on tines on frame. Working tool is made in the form of half-screw whose inner side is extending centrally of horizontal straight line from leading end to working tool end and outer helical working surface terminates in shank beveled at an acute angle to horizontal plane. Mellower attached to front side of working tool is made in the form of hoe. Replaceable harrows joined to shank are comprised of plates beveled at an acute angle on their front sides. Working tools with right-handed and left-handed direction of rotation of ground are alternatively mounted on frame. Supporting compaction roller with mud scraper is mounted rearward of frame on tines. Mounted on frame are also shaft height adjustment mechanism and supporting roller height adjustment mechanism for adjusting height of roller and supporting mechanism relative to frame.EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, reduced erosion processes and increased efficiency in weed controlling.2 dwg

Plow-digger // 2236771
The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to rotary plows rippers, and is designed for primary tillage, and for digging potatoes, i.e

Plow forest // 2219688
The invention relates to forestry and is intended to prepare the ground for plantations

ethod and device for determining the relative trajectory of the material on the triangular wedge tillage of the working body // 2195796
The invention relates to the measurement of technological parameters of the processed areas of the soil, namely the determination of the relative trajectory of the material on the triangular wedge tillage body

achine for grinding wood material and sealing the resulting mass in the soil // 2188524
The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to devices machines for grinding wood material and sealing the resulting mass in the soil

Plow // 2182750
The invention relates to the agricultural industry and can be used for primary tillage

Plough for deep sealing of vegetation or organic fertilizers // 2176860
The invention relates to the agricultural industry, particularly to plows

ultihull plow-cultivator // 2171557
The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to soil cultivating implements and sowing machines having sectional suspension working bodies

Plow with active blade // 2159025
The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to instruments for primary tillage
How nephropexy // 2159024
The invention relates to medicine, surgical urology and may be used for the treatment of nephroptosis

A method of treating acute and chronic pulmonary embolism // 2141181
The invention relates to medicine, surgery

The plough body // 2129349
The invention relates to agriculture, particularly to plows for plowing soil

Device for determining the resistance and wear tillage working bodies // 2105280
The invention relates to the agricultural industry, in particular, stands for accelerated testing tillage working bodies, their Energobank and durability

Combined erosion control instrument // 2103850
The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to machines for conservation tillage

Combined plow for smooth ploughing // 2081528
The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to the plough for primary tillage

Plow // 2074591
The invention relates to agricultural machinery
How pyloroplasty in the surgical treatment of peptic ulcer localization of ulcers on the rear and the rear upper wall of the duodenum // 2045229
The invention relates to medicine, namely to surgical gastroenterology and can be used in the treatment of peptic ulcer

The plough body for combination tillage of compacted soils // 2031559
The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to the working bodies of tillage machinery for primary tillage

Combined erosion control instrument // 2012176
The invention relates to instruments for ploughing on slopes with simultaneous pochvouglubiteley

Plow // 2004098
 
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