Soil working in agriculture or forestry and parts, details, or accessories of agricultural machines or implements, in general (A01B)

A   Human necessities(312083)
A01B              Soil working in agriculture or forestry; parts, details, or accessories of agricultural machines or implements, in general (making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring a01c0005000000; machines for harvesting root crops a01d; mowers convertible to soil working apparatus or capable of soil working a01d0042040000; mowers combined with soil working implements a01d0043120000; soil working for engineering purposes e01, e02, e21)(11214)
A01B3 - Ploughs(2538)
A01B19 - Harrows(142)
A01B29 - Rollers(207)
A01B31 - Drags(48)
A01B41 - Thinning machines(149)

Soil-tilting implement // 2641624
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: soil-tilting implement contains a frame, working tools, a hopper for mineral fertilisers, fertiliser funnels, supply tubes. The hopper is centrally located symmetrically on the frame in such a way that the width of its lower part is less than the transverse distance between the posts of the central working tools. At the bottom of the hopper there are spring-screw metering conveyors of mineral fertilisers, the intake part of which is located inside the hopper. The transporting part of the metering conveyors is enclosed in a cylindrical casing, cantilevered on the hopper in such a way that the end portion of each metering conveyor is output to the fixation zone of the frame served by working tools in the bottom part of the hopper. Unloading ports are made above the intake devices of each metering conveyor. At the end parts of metering conveyors there are switchgears, each of which contains a hatch in the upper part, and outlet pipes of the fertiliser funnels in the lower part. The distributing devices are fixed with the possibility of rotation relative to the axes of the metering conveyors. The supply tubes are located behind the posts of the working tools so that each supply tube adjoins the rear surface of the relevant working tool and repeats it shape in both longitudinal and transverse direction, and at the output end of each supply tube an oblique cut is made. Drive wheels of the metering conveyors are placed on a spring-loaded radial suspension.EFFECT: increasing the degree of soil pulverization by working tools of the soil-tilting implement, reducing its traction resistance and clogging with the simultaneous introduction of solid mineral fertilisers.2 dwg
Cultivator // 2641524
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: cultivator comprises a frame (1) with S-shaped spring racks (4) with flat-cutting working bodies (5), attached by means of L-shaped clamps (2) and tightening bolts (3). Elastic plates (6) are mounted on the S-shaped spring racks (4) and connected by means of lower (8) and upper bolts (9) with bushings (7) having inside threads for the hinge connection of horizontally arranged bolts (10) with the eyelets (11) of fixing plates (12) having bolted connection (13) with clamping plates (14). On the L-shaped clamps (2), angles (15) are mounted by means of the tightening bolts (3), in which vibration stoppers (17) with interchangeable openings (18) are mounted by means of the bolt connection (16). The upper bolts (9) have hemispherical heads (19) with adjusting nuts (20). The flat-cutting working bodies (5) have two L-shaped racks (21) each, connected by means of vertically arranged (22) rivets with a middle knife (23) and by means of horizontally arranged rivets (24) with side knives (25). The connecting elements (26) of the L-shaped racks (21) are made in the form of bits, under which there are rectangular grooves (27) for fixing the bolted joints (28) of the S-shaped spring racks (4). The knives (23, 25) are made detachable.EFFECT: increasing the uniformity of the running depth and the movement stability of the flat-cutting working bodies in the soil.2 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of seeding grass seeds into sod and seeding machine for its implementation // 2641073
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes pre-sowing tillage of a sod with disc milling cutters and, simultaneously, widespread seeding of fertilisers along the axis of a tilled strip, with a spread width not exceeding 1/3 of the width of the tilled strip, followed by soil surface levelling in the strips. Shares create a compacted seedbed along the axis of the tilled strip, and grass seeds are sown in rows 1…2 cm above the fertiliser application depth. Next, post-sowing soil packing in the strips is carried out. A seeding machine for sowing grass seeds in the sod in strips comprises a frame 1, on which supporting and driving wheels 2, a milling section 3 having a depth adjustment mechanism and closed by a casing 4, on the output shafts of which working bodies in the form of discs 5 with L-shaped knives 6 are installed, seed 7 and fertiliser 8 hoppers with sowing units and their drive, seed 9 and fertiliser 10 ducts, fertiliser guides 11, and packing rollers 12 are installed. Under the protective casing 4 behind the milling drum and along the axis of the tilled strip, there are fertiliser guides 11 adjustable in height relative to the casing 4 and connected by the fertiliser ducts 10 with the fertiliser hopper 8. The protective casing 4 has levellers 13 of soil surface in the strips, and a fastening beam 14 is hingedly fixed thereon, on which the shares 16 connected by the seed ducts 9 with the seed hopper 7 are located along the axis of the tilled strip, between the casing 4 and the packing rollers 12, on trailers of torsion springs 15. To create the necessary thickness of the soil interlayer between the seeds and the fertilisers by means of changing the position of the fertiliser guides relative to the protective casing, the required depth of sowing fertilisers is established. The rough adjustment of the established sowing depth of grass seeds is carried out by changing the position by the roller height relative to the fastening beam, the exact one - by turning the spring trailer in the point of its attachment.EFFECT: invention will allow to improve the quality of sowing seeds in the sod.2 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of carrying out field agricultural works // 2640824
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes moving tillage tools and harvested cultivated crops across the field. Wherein, in order to improve productivity and to reduce labour and energy costs, the tillage tools are moved across the field, being hitched to a flexible endless rope (chain) stretched by two transport devices - self-propelled platforms located at the opposite edges of a plot of a field to be tilled and can move along them. To automate work and to coordinate mutual actions, manual or automated control panels with a set of programmes providing a list of necessary types of work and modes of their implementation are mounted on the platforms.EFFECT: method allows to increase the productivity of agricultural works with more complete mechanization and automation.2 cl

Plow body // 2640424
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: body contains a shoe, a share, a blade and a field board. The field board is made in the form of two flat needle discs with straight needles mounted pivotally on a shaft rigidly secured on the shoe rear side in blade and blade and share slots to provide their rotation in opposite direction relative to the bed cutting motion along the soil plow layer and treatment of subsurface soil layer to the depth of 5…6 cm. The flat discs with straight needles are set parallel to the field cut, and thereby the first one is at the distance of 10 cm from the field cut and the second one is at the distance of 15 cm from the first one.EFFECT: loosening of plow and subsurface layers of heavy overmoistened and subcompacted soils when conducting basic cultivation of soil and balancing plough in horizontal plane.3 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of sowing green manure crops in biological agriculture // 2638654
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: green manure crops are sown in alternating rows, watered with mineral water, mowed and ploughed. Wherein after harvesting buckwheat, Egyptian clover is sown in wide rows. In spring, amaranth is additionally sown between the rows. During the budding phase of the leguminous component of annual clover, the above-ground biomass of both crops is mowed and sprinkled with Nalchik mineral water in a dose of 200-250 l/ha. After drying, it is ploughed into the soil.EFFECT: invention allows, without the use of chemical agents, to obtain environmentally safe crop products and to increase their yield.1 tbl, 2 ex

Clutch assembly and design of transverse pipe for agricultural implement // 2638653
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: agricultural implement comprises a frame assembly, a plurality of wheel assemblies connected to the frame assembly, a transverse pipe connected to the wheel assemblies and disposed between the wheel assemblies. The agricultural implement comprises a rear clutch assembly connected to the frame assembly. The rear clutch assembly is also made with the possibility to be connected to an auxiliary implement. In addition, the transverse pipe is positioned vertically above the rear clutch assembly, where the rear clutch assembly is connected to the transverse pipe.EFFECT: strength of the clutch assembly design.19 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for improvment of water-physical properties of neutral sodium soils in case of carnallite introduction // 2638321
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: crushed carnallite ameliorant is introduced in a dose, which is determined by the filtration capacity threshold, and incorporated into the soil. The filtration capacity threshold is determined by a tube with the maximum filtration, for this purpose 40 g of prepared sodium soil, mixed with carnallite dosages from 0.2 to 1.4 g per tube in increments of 0.2 g is placed in glass tubes. Each tube is filled with 100 ml of water and the volume of filtered water is determined after 12 hours in all tubes separately. The ameliorant dose is calculated by the following formula: A=H⋅V⋅B, where A is the ameliorant dose in physical terms, t/ha; H is the height of the meliorated layer, cm; V is the density of the sodium soil layer, g/cm3; B is the amount of ameliorant in the sodium soil sample (40 g), which provides maximum filtration, %.EFFECT: improved water-physical and chemical properties of neutral sodium soils, disposal of carnallite as a production waste.1 dwg,1 tbl
Combined tool of cultivator // 2638042
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: cultivator tool consists of a one-piece, non-assembled stand with branches, a removable guiding ripper, attached to the stand with screws, two ripper discs and nodes for their attachment. The attachment nodes permit free rotation of the ripper discs.EFFECT: reduced traction resistance due to the destruction of soil by strain deformation, and reduced tool surface area interacting with the soil by sliding friction.2 dwg
ethod of reclaiming disturbed agricultural lands // 2638029
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of reclaiming disturbed agricultural lands includes applying a humin-mineral ameliorant, uniformly applying an optimum dose of a composition from moisture absorbents over the soil surface, then the soil is treated by the method of deep ploughing. The optimum dose of the composition from moisture sorbents is calculated from the formula Qsl=05⋅S⋅H, where Qsl is the dose of applying the composition of moisture absorbents, kg, S - the area of the disturbed area, m2, 05 - the empirical coefficient; H - the thickness of the disturbed soil layer, m.EFFECT: use of the invention makes it possible to reduce the economic costs of purchasing, transporting and applying the composition from moisture absorbents to disturbed agricultural lands while obtaining environmentally friendly products.1 tbl, 1 ex

ethod for cultivating cotton under film (agrotechnology) // 2637729
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes spreading film on the soil, sowing seeds through openings made in the film into a socket with simultaneously covering the film edges with the soil, cutting irrigation furrows, and mulching. Mulching is carried out directly into the socket after laying the seeds, with closing the film openings with mulch. While covering the film, its mechanical slots and pouring with soil are prevented. The film is not taken off, and removed together with a grown cotton bush. In addition, depending on the changes of the plot relief and soil moisture, as well as depending on the harvesting method (manual or mechanised), the planting system and the distance between sockets are changed.EFFECT: invention will allow to increase the crop yield and to accelerate the cotton ripening while reducing the vegetation period time.4 cl, 6 dwg

Disc working tool // 2637660
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: disc working tool consists of two parts: installation and working parts. The installation part has a seat for fixing to the bearing assembly and a supporting surface. The working part has a pressing surface and a cutting edge. On the support and pressing surfaces of the installation and working parts, fastening elements are arranged radially along the perimeter of the circumferences of the support and pressing surfaces. Fastening elements in the form of holes in the installation part are formed from circular segments of circumferences of different radii originating from one point and straight segments of the same radii. Fastening elements in the form of multidirectional L-shaped hooks are made on the working part. The height of their lateral generatrixes is equal, and the angle between the radii of the lateral generatrixes of the holes corresponds to the double angle of rotation of the working part when it is installed on the installation one. The mutual fixation of the working and installation parts in the radial section of the working surface forms a smoothly mated line.EFFECT: improving the quality and reliability of the technological process of soil cultivation, increasing the life of the disk.7 dwg

ethod of controlling state of ground waters during livestock waste irrigation // 2637654
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: method includes ecological monitoring of ground waters using wastewater for the irrigation of lands by sprinkling machines to cultivate perennial grasses. The method includes irrigation fields for utilisation of manure-containing flows in the formed irrigation pattern. For this purpose, observation hydroregime wells are arranged for each individual field at the boundary on the side of the open bounded reservoir and the inflow of drainage water into it. And the measurement is carried out in the site at the boundary of the water bearing stratum, the heterogeneity of the soil cover and the profile. In the study of ground waters samples are taken twice - prior to the irrigation season and after the irrigation season. In this case, the studies of the taken samples are carried out in the agrochemical laboratory by analytical analysis to determine the chemical composition of the water bearing stratum, the values of biochemical values such as pH, NH4, Norg, P2O5, K2O, Ca, Mg, Na, C1, SO4, the quantity of mobile potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen nitrates are measured. Based on the results of the biochemical analysis prior to irrigation and after irrigation of the taken samples from the water bearing stratum for each regime well, the ecological safety of the utilisation of livestock waste is estimated by the content of biogenic elements. In this case, the measurement of the level and values of the biochemical indicators of the water bearing stratum is carried out in the regime wells, the top of the pipe of which is placed above the ground surface and the pipes are placed inside the metal casing in the form of a pipe with a lid.EFFECT: method makes it possible to estimate the degree of ground water contamination for each site from the use of liquid manure from industrial livestock enterprises.2 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

Combined cultivator shovel // 2637651
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: shovel comprises a holder and two wings with blades welded with a wear-resistant layer on its front part from the shovel point to the place of its attachment to the holder, a chisel, and a paraplough. The paraplough is made in the form of two discs mounted on trunnions, installed at an angle of 20…25° to the vertical axis and rigidly fixed at the ends of the wings with the possibility of their dismantling. On the cultivator holder, there is a bracket with a seed duct rigidly fixed thereon and a covering roller with spikes and a clamping spring, installed with the possibility of adjusting by height and dismantling. The ratio of the height of the working shovel part to the spike height and to the diameters of the roller and the paraplough is determined by the condition 1:1:2:3.EFFECT: improving the quality of soil cultivation, cultivator movement stability, increasing the operational reliability of the paraplough, ensuring the access of irrigation water to the underlying soil layers.1 dwg

ethod for cultivating agricultural crops // 2637521
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: field machining, sowing, applying herbicides and harvesting are carried out. Carrying out each stage is performed in terms of the weediness level, and present weediness is measured and minimized as much as possible, and remaining weediness is controlled. To reduce the weediness during the soil cultivation, the intensity of the work of tillage organs is regulated up to the maximum possible destruction of weeds. When sowing, the seed application rate is specified, taking into account the natural struggle of a crop and weeds. When applying protective products, the application rate is set based on the weediness level. In addition, the ecological agrocenosis response is determined, expressed in the maximum permissible suppression of the microbiota and increasing the soil oligotrophy. According to it, the application rate of the plant protection products is corrected.EFFECT: improving the quality crop yield indices and environmental safety due to the consequent reduction of weed vegetation and the application of chemical plant protection products based on the environmental response of the soil.3 dwg
ethod for biological soils reclamation // 2636945
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: method consists in application of ground clay according to the invention, the clay is preliminary analyzed for toxicity, and according to its results, clay waste is uniformly mixed with a peat-sand mixture in the proportion (40-60):(60-40)%, mineral fertilizers and seeds of perennial frost-resistant herbs, for example ryegrass, and applied to the surface as a layer of 8 to 10 cm on the planned drained area after snow cover melting in spring. Gray dense clays with interlayers of Upper Kotlin subsuite sandstones are used as clay. When using this method, ecological clean waste of excavation works for laying deep underground tunnels is used.EFFECT: costs of the biological stage of reclamation are lowered, the protective properties of the reclaimed surfaces are increased from the physical impact and a stable fertile soil layer is created.4 tbl
ethod for growing raspberry in conditions of komi republic // 2636591
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes laying a plantation, selecting crops for planting and planting a berry crop from the windward side in places with the increased accumulation of snow cover. The plantation is laid in areas where groundwater is not closer than one metre from the soil surface. The plantings are arranged by the cluster or tape method, at least three varieties of raspberries are used: an early ripening variety, a mid-ripening one, and a late ripening one, adapted to the soil and climatic conditions of the Komi Republic, with the possibility of cross-pollination of flowers of different varieties selected from the series: Hussar; Bell; Wolnitsa; Ottawa; Dawn of Altai; Eyas; Samara dense; Peresvet. For planting, raspberry seedlings with well-developed annual root offsprings with the roots of at least 10-15 cm, with a thick fibril and an aerial sprout part with the thickness of not less than 8-10 mm. The plantings are mulched twice in spring and autumn with peat-manure compost. After overwintering, in the early spring, the sprouts are cut to the first normally developed and overwintered bud, removing frozen or unripened dry tops. Annually, organic fertilizers improving the soil structure are applied.EFFECT: prolongating the fruiting period of raspberry, increasing its viability in conditions of low temperatures and increasing the yield.4 cl; 1 ex

Automated agrotechnical self-propelled platform (aasp) // 2636472
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: agrotechnical automated self-propelled platform (AASP) includes a platform (4) and rigid supports in the form of crushed stone cushions (5) and concrete blocks along which the platform (4) moves. The platform (4) is a metal structure of the U-shaped section. The platform (4) is the base for the installation of replaceable technological units, as well as propellers ensuring the movement of the platform (4) along and across the landfill. A technological module with a set of operating elements moves along the platform guides (4). Moving along the guides, the operating module performs a specified set of operations. The rigidly fixed operating elements, computer control, and Global Navigation Satellite System (Glonass) mounted on the platform (4) ensure the accuracy of the specified parameters.EFFECT: reducing the husbandry dependence on weather conditions, improving the quality of work on soil preparation, sowing, plant care and harvesting, reducing the energy consumption for movement, minimizing the damaging impact of the platform on the soil cover, enabling the implementation of the automation of technological processes using programming tools, ensuring the possibility of high-precision orientation of the platform in space.6 dwg

Advanced plow // 2635931
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: plow contains a share, a breast connected to the share, a beam that connects the share breast to the vehicle, a vibratory unit connected to the breast for vibrating the share breast unit, a force sensor connected to the beam for determining the plowing force on the beam, a controller coupled to a force sensor and a vibrating unit for controlling vibration of the vibrating unit according to the force value detected by the force sensor. The specified controller is installed in such a way as to obtain the force values from the force sensor, striving for a minimum force through the control of vibrating unit.EFFECT: reduction of traction resistance.10 cl, 11 dwg
ethod for making security zone of main pipelines and site facilities free from trees and bushes // 2635401
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: according to the proposed method for making the security zone of main pipelines and site facilities free from tree and bush vegetation, trees and bushes are removed by a combined method including mechanical cleaning and chemical treatment with herbicides. The tree-bush vegetation cut mechanically is crushed to produce mulch, which is distributed over the area of the location to be cleaned. Then, the young shoot and mulch are chemically treated with herbicides after a period of time necessary for formation of young shoots of trees and bushes not exceeding 0.5 m.EFFECT: improved quality of security zone and site facilities freeing from undesirable vegetation.8 cl

Working body of cultivator // 2635390
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: body comprises a holder and two wings with blades welded with a wear-resistant layer on its front part from the shovel point to the place of its attachment to the holder, a chisel, and a paraplough. The paraplough is made in the form of two discs installed at an angle of 25…30° to the vertical axis with the possibility of their dismantling. On the inside of the discs, rollers are rigidly arranged, the axles of which are fixed at the ends of the blades. A seed duct and a bracket with a triangular frame at the end and a coverer of a width at least not less than the width of the cultivator shovel capture are attached to the holder with the possibility of their dismantling. The ratio of the roller width to its diameter and to the disc diameter are determined by the condition 1:3:5.EFFECT: improving the quality of soil cultivation, cultivator movement stability, increasing the operational reliability of the paraplough, ensuring the access of irrigation water to the underlying soil layers.1 dwg

Composite ploughshare // 2635168
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: composite ploughshare comprises a frame with a back, a blade, a lanward edge and a furrow edge, and an overhead bit made at an angle to the field edge. The distance from the intersection point of the landward edge with the blade is less than the landward edge length in 2.7-3.2.EFFECT: reducing the wear intensity of the landward edge of a composite ploughshare.2 dwg
Rear hinged device of agricultural tractor // 2634950
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: rear hinged device of an agricultural tractor comprises lower links (1) and an central upper link (7). The lower links (1) comprise adjustable hooks (4) with replaceable hinges (12). The central upper link (7) comprises a helical pair (8) with the possibility of adjusting the length of the central top link (7) in the range from 580 to 1,020 mm. Side reactive links (13) comprise damping devices (19) with locks (23) and helical pairs (17, 18) with the possibility of adjusting the length of the suspension axis (28) in the range from 825 to 1,100 mm.EFFECT: versatility of working with hinged working equipment due to the use of an adjustable lever system with the necessary adjustment range, compensation of lateral loads arising during the tractor operation in the unit with hinged working equipment, due to the use of side reaction links with damping devices in the design.8 dwg

Shell wellware plow with fixing limiter // 2634944
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a mounted reversible plow comprising an adjusting device for adjusting the width of the front rib and the pulling force application point and the pivoting device by which the plow frame, to the greatest extent, regardless of the adjusted width of the front rib and the pulling force application point, can always be folded so that between the rotating part of the plow and the soil there is always a sufficiently large and equal minimum free space left.EFFECT: simplifying the construction.6 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for restoring and strengthening plough housing mouldboards // 2634539
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes removing a worn-out mouldboard part, manufacturing a wear-compensating profile insert, welding it from the working side of the mouldboard surface and surfacing reinforcing rolls of a wear-resistant material in the restoration area, with their exit into the zone of expected beam-like wear of the mouldboard. As a wear-resistant material, a paste containing 60…65% of powder based on iron of the type PR-180H16N8, 25…28% of titanium boride, 5…6% of cobalt, and glue BF-2 - the rest. The paste is applied intermittently in the form of rollers with the width of 4…5 mm and the thickness of 1.6…1.8 mm, dried until solidified at the temperature of 80°C for 6…8 min, and surfacing is carried out by an arc of direct polarity, using a vibrating carbon electrode, with the current strength of 60…65 A, the voltage of 32…35 V, the vibration frequency and amplitude of the carbon electrode of 6…8 Hz and 3…4 mm, respectively. The invention allows to increase at the average of 30% the hardness of the reinforcing rolls surfaced to the mouldboard area to be restored, and the wear resistance of the restored and strengthened plough housing mouldboard under the conditions of intensive abrasion wear increases by 40%.EFFECT: increasing the durability of ploughs when used on soils with a high wear capacity.1 tbl

ethod for phytomeliorative recovery of strongly trampled down and degraded grassland // 2634435
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes loosening the sod, sowing grasses and semi-shrubs - improvers that have violence and patience: giant wildrye (Elymus giganteas Vahl.), wheatgrass (Agropyron desertorum (Fisch. Ex Link) Schult., Agropyron sibiricum (Willd.) P. B., Agropyron pectiniforme Roem. Et Schult.), Russian wildrye (Elymus junceus Fisch.), kochia (Kochia prostrata (L.) Schrad.), camphorosms (Camphorosma lessingii Litv.) and fescue (Festuca sulcata Beck.). Undersow is carried out from several of these species at the same time, but with strips of various rows 15-30 cmwide, and while loosening the strips of various rows, row-spacings of virgin soil (sod) 45-50 cmwide are preserved between them. Wherein to carry out the work on the strip undersow of said species in the sod of natural pastures, three modifications of wide-coverage combined units are used, carrying out in one tractor run technological operations for loosening the strips to a depth of 5-18 cm, sowing seeds, covering them and levelling the strips, which are carried out either by inverted harrows on sandy soils, or by a chain drag on loamy soils, or by a drag of wire-rods in the form of rings on sandy loam soils. As tillage working tools, spherical and needle discs are used, the optimal depth of sodded soil tillage with spherical discs being up to 80 mm. It is reached by means of spacing front and rear discs 144 mm apart. For sowing loose and non-loose (sail) seeds of grasses and semi-shrubs, a seed distributor of the can type from serial stubble ploughs and seeders equipped with turners for first ones and spring seed ejectors for second ones is used, with a device in the can for smoothly changing the sizes of the sowing disc cells with the range of the gear ratio change in the limits i=0.21-0.32, where i = gear ratio.EFFECT: method ensures restoring and increasing the productivity of trampled down and degraded grasslands in a sparing mode, without completely destructing the sod.4 cl, 6 dwg, 4 tbl

Universal mulching device for forest combined seeder // 2634434
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: universal mulching device of a forest combined seeder comprises a frame 1, a hopper 2 with a dispenser 6 located in its lower part and with a ripper 3 also disposed therein in the form of a vertical shaft with ripping blades 4 located horizontally stepwise thereon. The ripper 3 by means of a gear 5 is connected to the dispenser 6. The latter is equipped with blades 7 with flexible springy hitches 8. The inclination angle of the blades 7 is changed by means of a screw regulator 9. The lower part of the front wall 10 of the hopper 2 is made movable and is spring-loaded. The dispenser 6 is driven from a compacting roller 11 with lugs 15 by means of a chain gear 12 with replaceable sprockets 13 and 14.EFFECT: possibility to use loose, non-loose and combined mulching substrates, to regulate the amount of mulch to be fed to the sowing tape, and to cover the sowings with a uniformly thick layer of mulch.2 dwg

Tillage roller // 2634358
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: roller includes a hollow cylinder (1) and ribs (3) evenly spaced along the helix between vertical discs. In the inner cavity of the hollow cylinder (1), balls (4) of different sizes are chaotically located. The diameter of the smaller ball (4) is larger than the distance between adjacent edges (3). On the periphery of the discs, trapezoidal teeth (5) are installed radially and evenly.EFFECT: improved quality of soil compacting and breaking soil lumps.1 cl

Tillage roller // 2634357
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: roller includes a hollow cylinder (1) and ribs (3) evenly spaced along the helix between vertical discs. In the inner cavity of the hollow cylinder (1), balls (4) of different sizes are chaotically located. The diameter of the smaller ball (4) is larger than the distance between adjacent edges (3). On the periphery of the discs, trapezoidal teeth (5) are installed radially and evenly.EFFECT: improved quality of soil compacting and breaking soil lumps.1 cl

Tillage roller // 2634355
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: roller includes a hollow cylinder (1) and ribs (3) evenly spaced along the helix between vertical discs. In the inner cavity of the hollow cylinder (1), balls (4) of different sizes are chaotically located. The diameter of the smaller ball (4) is larger than the distance between adjacent edges (3). On the periphery of the discs, spikes (5) are installed radially and evenly.EFFECT: improving the quality of soil compacting and breaking soil lumps.2 dwg

Tillage roller // 2634354
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: roller includes a hollow cylinder (1) and ribs (3) evenly spaced along the helix between vertical discs (2). A smooth cylinder (4) is installed inside the hollow cylinder (1). The smooth cylinder (4) is installed with the possibility of rotation about its axis and the geometric axis of the hollow cylinder (1). The outer diameter of the smooth cylinder (4) is larger than the inner radius of the hollow cylinder (1). The geometric rotation axis of the hollow cylinder (1) is parallel to the geometric rotation axis of the smooth cylinder (4). The smooth cylinder (4) is equipped with flanges. The ribs (3) are connected to each other by guides (6) installed parallel to the bases of the hollow cylinder (1), in which the flanges are mounted. The guides (6) are made U-shaped and are installed by the open side of the profile inside the hollow cylinder (1). The clearance between the surface of the smooth cylinder (4) and the inner surface of the ribs (3) of the hollow cylinder (1) is made minimal. The diameter of the ribs (3) is made smaller than or equal to the diameter of soil lumps, specified by agrotechnical requirements.EFFECT: improving the soil compacting quality.4 dwg

Tillage roller // 2634352
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: roller includes a hollow cylinder (1) and ribs (3) evenly spaced along the helix between vertical discs (2). A smooth cylinder (4) is installed inside the hollow cylinder (1). The smooth cylinder (4) is installed with the possibility of rotation about its axis and the geometric axis of the hollow cylinder (1). The outer diameter of the smooth cylinder (4) is larger than the inner radius of the hollow cylinder (1). The geometric rotation axis of the hollow cylinder (1) is parallel to the geometric rotation axis of the smooth cylinder (4). The smooth cylinder (4) is equipped with flanges. The ribs (3) are connected to each other by guides (6) installed parallel to the bases of the hollow cylinder (1), in which the flanges are mounted. The guides (6) are made U-shaped and are installed by the open side of the profile inside the hollow cylinder (1). The clearance between the surface of the smooth cylinder (4) and the inner surface of the ribs (3) of the hollow cylinder (1) is made minimal.EFFECT: improving the soil compacting quality.4 dwg

Flat hoe for basic blade-free soil treatment // 2634119
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: hoe comprises a chisel (3), a shoe (1) connected to bed sides curvilinear on the side (2), on which shares (2) are fixed. The shares (2) have blades (5) with increasing angle of crumbling starting from blade tip axis to its heel. The shares (2) are made concave on the side of the treated formation in such way, that a part of the share-dump surface of the dump plough body starting from the line of the share (2) with the blade. The concave shares (2) are additionally made along a helical line starting from the toe to the heel of the share (2). The radius of concavity decreases from the toe to the heel of the share (2). The chisel (3) is also concave. The lower chisel half (3) is flat-concave gradually changing into the upper triangular-concave half, the cross-section of which is a triangular knife directed angle of solution towards untreated soil bed. The angle of solution of the working faces of the knife gradually decreases towards the end of the chisel (3).EFFECT: improved quality of soil crumbling and increased stability of tool movement in depth.3 cl, 5 dwg

Tillage tool // 2634115
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: tillage tool contains a frame on which sloped racks with right-hand and left-hand knives are fastened in pairs one after another. The height of the intersecting line of racks inclined parts is located on the surface of cultivated soil and is equal to 1/4 of space of working bodies pairs, and the length of the horizontal components of pair of knives projection on the transversely vertical plane is equal to 1/2 of space of working bodies pairs.EFFECT: reduction of traction resistance, increase of MTA productivity and quality of tillage.3 dwg
Unmanned robot for plant laser treatment // 2634104
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: unmanned robot for plant laser treatment contains a frame with controlled wheels, a control and navigation system with control and measuring devices, a power system and a plant laser treatment module mounted on the frame with a technological adapter for setting the height of the mentioned module in accordance with the height of the treated plants.EFFECT: improved quality and efficiency of the plant laser treatment process.3 dwg

ethod for creation of navigation magnetic field and device for its implementation // 2634046
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: field is created by simultaneous current supply of wires and jumpers between them, connected to a current source by current-carrying wire. Along the turn strips, current is additionally passed. It is equal to half the jumper current and directed towards the total current of the jumpers and the current-carrying wire. The current-carrying circuit consists of wires, jumpers between them and a current-carrying wire, zigzag-connected in series in such a way, that currents in adjacent wires are directed counter-way, and in jumpers between them - accordingly. The current-carrying circuit is covered with a current-carrying loop connected to it in parallel or in series so that on the turn strips the conductors of the circuit and the loops coincide, and the circuit currents and loops run counter to each other.EFFECT: increase in the uniformity of the navigational magnetic field.2 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of choosing plot location for perennial crop on mineral soils // 2633881
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: in method, the depth of the root system h of a perennial crop on mineral soils is established. In winter, works on snow retention with the preliminary installation of cryopedometers are carried out, the soil freezing depth is established to observe the groundwater level measured relative to the lower freezing boundary. Wells are made, the granulometric composition of the soil is determined with the organoleptic method, the value of H, m is determined relative to the lower soil freezing boundary, the change in H for soil freezing from 0 to h is determined, and by its magnitude and granulometric composition, the soil heaving degree is determined. Wherein the dusty-sandy soil at H<0.5 m is referred to as medium-heaving, at H=0.5-1.0 m - as weakly-heaving, at H> 1.0 m - as almost non-heaving; the sandy loam soil at H <0.5 m is referred to as strongly heaving, at H=0.5-1.0 m - as medium-heaving, at H=1.0-1.5 m - as weakly-heaving, and at H>1.5 m - as almost non-heaving; the loamy ground soil at H<1.0 m is referred to as strongly heaving, at H=1.0-1.5 m - as medium-heaving, at H=1.5-2.5 m - as weakly-heaving, and at H> 2.5 m - as almost non-heaving; the clay soil at H<1.5 m is referred to as strongly heaving, at H=1.5-2.0 m - as medium-heaving, at H=2.0-3.0 m - as weakly-heaving, and at H>3.0 m - as almost non-heaving.EFFECT: excluding or reducting the influence of frost soil heaving on the productivity of a perennial crop during the entire regulatory period of its growth in one place.1 cl

Transmission // 2633875
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises a drive, a gear mechanism at least substantially securely connected to the drive so that, in at least one assembled state, the distance between the gear mechanism and the drive relative to each other and their angular position with respect to each other remain unchanged, and comprises an output shaft for actuating a replaceable tool, the position of which can be changed relative to the gear mechanism, and the transmission arranged between the gear mechanism and the replaceable tool. The transmission comprises the first driving wheel firmly and rotatably connected to the output shaft in one operating condition and has a rotational axis disposed perpendicular to the forward direction, and the gear mechanism comprises an input shaft and said output shaft arranged perpendicular to the input shaft made with providing of bringing into the operating condition by the drive.EFFECT: transmission reliability.10 cl, 8 dwg
ethod of cadmium and cobalt content optimisation in winter wheat grain // 2633777
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for cadmium and cobalt content optimisation in winter wheat straw includes growing winter wheat on green manure fallow. Wherein red clover is buried in the flowering phase and ploughed in 30 days, the winter wheat seeds are treated with a solution of liquid fertilizing-stimulating mixture of the chelated forms of copper and molybdenum trace elements, and sown.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the cadmium content in winter wheat straw in 17 times while increasing cobalt content up to 4 times, allowing to obtain ecologically safe animal forage with better quality.1 tbl

Device for fighting ravine erosion // 2633772
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a cantilever-type drop (1) connected by the outlet section to the top of a polyethylene well (2). Wells (6, 7) are installed along the length of the flow movement, close between which damping cushions (10, 11) are arranged, filled with a non-capillary filter material with a lowering in the form of a drainage cushion (16). The top of the damping pillows (10, 11) is covered with a water-permeable geotextile web (12, 13). In the lower part of the wells (2, 6) at the bottom, polyethylene discharge pipes (8, 9) with perforations in the upper part are placed. On the vertical walls of the wells (2, 6, 7) a grate (17) rests, made in the form of the axial jet line at maximum flow parameters and overlapping sequentially the damping pillows (10, 11) as well. The vertical walls of the wells (2, 6, 7) have slotted openings (20, 21, 22) along the flow. The upper part of the wall (3) of the well (2) and the end of the drop (1) section are equipped with visors (4,5), respectively. The well (7) bottom is connected to the discharge polyethylene pipe (23) on one level with the ravine bottom. The discharge polyethylene pipe (23) is made tapering from the beginning of the wall (19) of the well (7) to its open outlet. On the ravine bottom, a protective cushion (24) is made from a gravel-stone material or from a water-permeable geotextile web.EFFECT: increasing the device efficiency and durability, increasing the culvert capacity while reducing the clogging of the discharging end of the device.2 cl, 3 dwg

Agricultural working system // 2633559
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: working mechanism can be equipped with at a minimum one mounted implement, in particular, the soil tilling implement such as plough, cultivator or harrow. The working mechanism is equipped with the propulsion plant, which controls the running wheels through the driving transmission, with the controlling system and with the control and display unit, which is intended for it. The controlling system determines the torque load, arising in the process of the working operation activity, for at a minimum one driving transmission element, more specifically for the transmission shafts of the running wheels, and makes available at a minimum one control function on the basis of the determined torque loads. The drive configuration is ordered while working operation activity of the working mechanism, and the torque loads in the driving transmission are subjected to the influence of the drive configuration. The controlling system is configured with the possibility, on the basis of the installed torque loads, preferably in working operation activity, of determination of the estimation and/or drive configuration optimisation in regard to the different target tasks, such as rating life and/or high productivity rate of the mounted implements, and/or giving instruction for estimation and/or optimisation in regard to the at least one target task to the operator, and/or carrying out the drive predetermined configuration optimisation.EFFECT: working mechanism driving transmission elements service lifetime increase.14 cl, 2 dwg
Unmanned robot for mapping yielding capacity // 2633431
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: unmanned robot with a module for mapping yielding capacity contains a frame, wheels, a control and navigation system with control and measuring devices, a power system, a technology adapter with a module for mapping yielding capacity and an on-board computer. It is equipped with an adapter and a module for mapping yielding capacity installed on the frame.EFFECT: increased labour productivity, reduced costs and increased yielding capacity.3 dwg

Device for soil treatment // 2633399
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device for soil treatment contains cultivator shares. The shares are mounted on the frame. Three sections are rigidly fixed on the frame with the possibility of dismantling. The first (1) and the third (2) sections are made in the form of three frames and are foldable. Front frames of the first and third sections are made with four paraploughs (4) in the form of vertically mounted discs with a distance between them equal to the width of the share grip (5) of the cultivator. The working depth of the front frames is twice as much as the working depth of the cultivator share. The middle frames (6) are made with two stands (7) with cultivator shares. Rear frames (8) are made with one stand with a share with share overlap of the middle section by 2-4 cm. A shaft (10) with a needle shredder (11) and a toothed harrow (12) are fastened to the sides of the rear frame using brackets (9). The width of the shredder and the harrow of the first and third sections are equal to the width of the three shares, taking into account their overlap. The second section is basic and made with a hitch tongue (13), supporting (14) and transport (15) wheels and three frames. The front frame (3) of the second section is similar to the front frame of the first and third sections. One stand with a share is fixed on the second frame of the second section. On the rear frame of the second section there are four cultivator shares, a needle shredder and a toothed harrow. Two middle shares of the rear frame of the second section are located with overlap of 2-4 cm of the second frame share. The grip width of the shredder and the harrow of the second section is equal to the width of the five cultivator shares, taking into account their overlap. The depth of processing is equal to the working depth of the cultivator share.EFFECT: increased soil treatment quality.2 dwg

Tool frame with auxiliary lifting cylinders of main section // 2632964
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: folding tool frame has seven sections in position for use in the field and nine sections in the folded position. The frame has a width of more than 27 meters. In the transport folded position, the frame width is less than eight meters, and its height is less than six meters. The hydraulic system is used to transfer the mass to the main or central section of the frame during folding and unfolding to increase the stability of the frame. The hydraulic system uses one or more accumulators to minimize the reduction in the amount of oil in the tractor tank caused by the extension of the hydraulic cylinders of the tool. The periods of the tool lifting and lowering cycles are minimized by providing the second auxiliary cylinder for lifting the main frame section when the mass of the entire tool is on the main section, and by enabling the use of a smaller cylinder to lift the main frame section in the position to use cycles of lifting and lowering the tool for turns in the field for shorter time periods.EFFECT: increased operating width of the tool frame, possibility of folding the tool into a smaller configuration for transportation.6 cl, 19 dwg

Folding tool frame // 2632963
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: folding tool frame has seven sections in position for use in the field and nine sections in the folded position. The frame has a width of more than 27 meters. In the transportation folded position, the frame width is less than eight meters, and its height is less than six meters. Frames contain a hydraulic system for transferring the mass to the main or central frame section during folding and unfolding. The hydraulic system uses one or more accumulators to minimize the amount of oil reduction in the tractor tank caused by the extension of the hydraulic cylinders of the tool. The periods of the tool lifting and lowering cycles are minimized by providing the second auxiliary cylinder for lifting the main frame section when the mass of the entire tool is on the main section and by enabling the use of a smaller cylinder to lift the main frame section in the position to use cycles of lifting and lowering the tool for turns in the field for shorter time periods.EFFECT: increased operating width of the tool frame, possibility of folding the tool into a smaller configuration for transportation.8 cl, 19 dwg

Towing-loading device for trailer // 2632560
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: towing-loading device to a trailer includes a swing car frame, to the bottom part of which, in the longitudinal direction, a thrust is fixed rigidly in the center, and a towbar is articulated to the front one. To the opposite end of the towbar a coupling is rigidly fixed, where, with the possibility of longitudinal displacement, a bracket is placed, the front end of which is rigidly connected to a pull ring. To the coupling, a beam placed under the swing car frame of the trailer, is articulated. The rear beam end by means of a connection link is hingedly connected to the middle of the rear part of the trailer swing car frame. A pendulum is articulated to the beam in its middle part with the possibility of longitudinal movement. The pendulum has the shape of an isosceles triangle, the vertex of which is hingedly connected to the beam, and the base has two rollers at its ends, which contact the thrust.EFFECT: increasing the load carrying capacity of a vehicle, reducing the slippage of driving tractor wheels, increasing the efficiency of a transport unit.1 dwg
ethod of arranging mole drainage on lands to be drained // 2632228
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of arranging mole drainage on lands to be drained relates to the field of agriculture. Mole drains are arranged on lands to be drained across the direction of the tubular drainage. The novelty is in the fact that tubular drainage sections close to drains, with a width of 5 to 7 depths of laying tubular drains, are allocated on lands to be drained, and at the time of the mole drainage arrangement, within the limits of the allocated sections close to drains, fine powder of peat ash of dry removal is fed into the cavity of the mole drains at a rate from 60 to 80 g/m. The positive effect is achieved due to introducing the fine powder of peat ash of dry removal into the cavity of the mole drains at a rate from 60 to 80 g/m.EFFECT: invention expands the functionality of the method, providing reducing the intensity of iron hydroxide sediment accumulation in the tubular drainage.1 cl
Wide-coverage tilling unit // 2632226
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: unit includes a frame with a towing device, resting with its rear part on pneumatic wheels and a middle rotation bar fixed by hydraulic cylinders to the frame. Lateral rotation bars with working and transport wheels are mounted on the bar by means of cardan joints, U-shaped arms, ties consisting of 2 parts: front ones - short and rear ones - long, with pins, springs, catchers and latches. On the rotation bars, replaceable double racks or replaceable single long racks with zigzag spike-tooth harrows are rigidly mounted. The harrows are fixed by anchor chains, adjustable in length. The transport wheels are mounted on the lateral rotation bars by means of brackets (29). The brackets (29) consist of fixed parts - housings (30) and racks (31) movably mounted in them, on which the axles (32) of transport wheel hubs (33) are mounted. The racks of the transport wheels in the housings (30) are fixed with detachable locking pins (38) installed in aligned openings (34 and 36) of the brackets (29). The brackets (29) are rigidly fixed: ones on the housings (30), the others - on the movable racks (31). Changing the installation angle of transport wheels to the lateral rotation bars is carried out stepwise from 0° to 45° with a detachable lever (39), which is put on the pins (38) rigidly mounted on the movable racks in order to carry out the rotation.EFFECT: shortening the path of the unit moving around a field when it is transferred from the transport position to the working position and back.8 dwg

Tillage roller // 2632222
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: roller is a hollow cylinder (1), mounted on the frame (2) with the possibility of rotation with the axis (3). On the axis (3), disks (4) with a diameter greater than the diameter of the hollow cylinder (1) are mounted on the outer side of both bases of the hollow cylinder (1) with the possibility of independent rotation. On the outer surface of the discs (4) a mesh cloth (5) with square cells is installed. The cloth (5) covers the entire surface of the hollow cylinder (1). The distance between the mesh cloth (5) and the hollow cylinder (1), as well as the length of the mesh cloth sides (5), does not exceed the maximum allowed size of the soil clods according to agrotechnical requirements.EFFECT: improved quality of soil compacting and crumbling of soil lumps.1 dwg

Tillage roller // 2632177
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: roller is a hollow cylinder (1), mounted on the frame (2) with the possibility of rotation with the axis (3). On the axis (3) with the possibility of independent rotation, disks (4) are installed, the diameter of which exceeds the diameter of the hollow cylinder (1). On the outer surface of the discs (4), a mesh cloth (5) is installed, covering the whole surface of the hollow cylinder. The distance between mesh cloth (5) and hollow cylinder (1) does not exceed the maximum allowed size of soil lumps according to agrotechnical requirements.EFFECT: improved quality of soil compacting and crumbling of soil lumps.1 dwg
 
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