Agriculture and forestry and animal husbandry and hunting and trapping and fishing (A01)

A   Human necessities(303198)
A01            Agriculture; forestry; animal husbandry; hunting; trapping; fishing(78510)
A01D - Harvesting; mowing(12819)
A01L - Shoeing of animals(25)
Biological product for stimulating the growth of plants and their protection against phytopathogens on the basis of strains of trichoderma, strains of trichoderma for the production thereof (variants), method for producing a biological product on the basis of such strains // 2607785
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to biotechnology and can be used to create bioprotection of plants against phytopathogens and to stimulate their growth. Group of inventions comprises the strains of the fungus of Trichoderma longibrachiatum species (3 options); biological product for stimulating the growth of plants and their protection against phytopathogens on the basis of these strains and the method for producing a biological product. Strains of the Trichoderma longibrachiatum fungus are deposited at the ARRIAM FSBSI under registration numbers: RCAM 03324, RCAM 03323, RCAM 03325 respectively. Biological product contains spores and fragments of mycelium of above strains from 2×109 to 4×109 CFU/cm3; has antagonistic activity against phytopathogenic fungi of the Fusarium and Cladosporium species. Method of producing a biological product involves a two-stage joint cultivation of strains in a quantitative ratio of 1:1:1 consistently on two nutrient media for 4–5 days. This group of inventions provides increase in seed germination on 4–15 % and the increase of linear sizes of plants on 0.5–24 %.EFFECT: increased seed germination and the increase of linear sizes of plants.5 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
ethod of plough share hardening // 2607680
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for agricultural machines tillage tools working surfaces strengthening, operating under abrasive wear conditions. Protective coating is applied on ploughshare surface in several continuously repeating cycles by spark alloying of ploughshare surface and subsequent protective cusps arc surfacing. In each cycle electric-spark alloying is carried out by oscillating electrode, made of abrasion-resistant material, by doping current pulses with energy of 1.5–10.0 J for 5–60 s to produce protective coating with thickness of up to 0.5 mm. Then current supply to said spark alloying electrode is disconnected and it is supplied with constant welding current of positive polarity with value of 80–450 A for 20–120 c for overlay welding by electrode material of protective cusp with height of 0.8–1.5 mm.EFFECT: method ensures production of wear-resistant coating with high strength of its adhesion with ploughshare parent metal and ploughshare ability to self-sharpening.3 cl, 2 dwg
Combined application of proteins vip3ab and cry1fa to generate insect resistance // 2607666
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry, namely to transgenic plant, which has resistance to antler moth (FAW; Spodoptera frugiperda), containing DNA, which codes Vip3Ab, DNA, which codes Cry1Fa, and DNA, which codes third protein selected from group, consisting of CrylC, CrylD and CrylE, its seed, as well as to method of preventing generation of resistance to proteins Vip3Ab and Cry1Fa in antler moth using it. Also set of plants in field, containing plurality of said transgenic plants and plants, which do not contain proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis (non-Bt plants), and mixture of seeds comprising seeds of non-Bt plants and multitude of said seeds are also disclosed. Invention also relates to composition for controlling lepidoptera pests, containing cells expressing Cry1Fa, Vip3Ab and third protein selected from group consisting of Cry1C, Cry1D and Cry1E, as well as to method of fighting antler moth using it.EFFECT: invention provides effective fighting against antler moth.34 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 8 ex
N-alkylsubstituted benzo- and (pyrido[2,3-b]thieno)pyrrolo[1,2-a][1,4]diazepin-6-ones - antidotes of herbicide of hormonal action 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on sunflower // 2607629
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel synthetic, biologically active chemical substances from series of heterocyclic compounds of formula 1 EFFECT: technical result is synthesis of novel compounds in a series of condensed pyrrolo[1,2-a][1,4]benzodiazepines of formula 1a-d in order to expand range of biologically active substances, obtained synthetically, for use in agriculture as antidotes of herbicide of hormonal action 2,4-D.1 cl, 3 tbl, 6 ex
Pneumatic seeds dispenser housing with protection of seeds passage // 2607605
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: pneumatic seed dispenser has housing having dosing seeds side and evacuation side, wherein said seeds dosing side includes seed stock, in which seeds are located in housing. In housing disc is installed with possibility of rotation around axis and having plurality of seed cells, spaced radially around axis for placement and retention of seeds. At that, housing seeds dosing side has outer lateral wall arranged radially from housing axis and extending in axial direction at least with part of side wall adjacent to seeds stock, shifted radially outward from rest part of external side wall to provide seeds with additional space to move around and retraction onto disc seed cell or into it. Housing shifted part is at least partially closed with safety element.EFFECT: invention allows to improve seeds falling into disc cells and increase accuracy of sowing.20 cl, 23 dwg
ethod of processing sugar beet prior to laying for storage // 2607603
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely to methods of processing plant cultivation products while storage. Method of processing sugar beet prior to laying for storage includes treatment of beet root crops at moment of their laying into piles with liquid antiseptic. As liquid antiseptic solution of sodium salt of dichloroisocyanuric acid is used with weight ratio of 0.075 %, taken in amount of 2 % to beet-root weight.EFFECT: invention provides reduced losses of saccharose, reduced accumulation of soluble nonsugars, high efficiency of processing of sugar beet and preservation of quality of root crops during storage.1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
ooring system connecting element and use thereof // 2607492
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mooring equipment and can be used for ships and floating structures mooring. Unit in mooring system (1) for floating structures (8), containing at least one anchor rope (2) and at least two other ropes (3, 4), passing in different directions relative to each other and in direction, different from direction of at least one anchor rope (2). Ropes (2, 3, 4) are attached to annular connecting element (6), formed from continuous flexible polymer material.EFFECT: enabling possibility to withstand tensile forces in different directions, not located in one plane.12 cl, 7 dwg
ethod for using compounds of the quinoline series as stimulators of growth and yield of eggplant common // 2607460
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Use one of the compounds of the quinoline series as growth stimulants, vegetative mass and yield of eggplant ordinary: 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-(1-piperidinylcarbothioyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline hydrochloride; 1-benzyl-2,2,4-trimethyl-6-(4-morpholinylcarbothioyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline; 4-[(1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-1,2-dihydro-6-quinolinyl)carbothioyl]-1-piperazinylcarbaldehyde hydrochloride; 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-[(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)carbothioyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline hydrochloride; 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-(1-piperidinylcarbothioyl)-1,2-dihydroquinoline hydrochloride; at concentration of 0.05 %–0.1 %.EFFECT: invention enables to realize specified purpose.1 cl, 6 tbl
ethod of using quinoline compounds as growth stimulants of processes for rhododendron l types // 2607459
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Growth stimulants used are one of quinoline compounds: 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-(1-piperidinylcarbothioyl)-1,2-dihydroquinoline hydrochloride and 4-[(1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-1,2-dihydro-6-quinolinyl)carbothioy]-1-piperazinylcarbaldehyde hydrochloride at concentration of 0.01 %–0.1 %; 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-(1-piperidinylcarbothioyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline hydrochloride; 1-benzyl-2,2,4-trimethyl-6-(4-morpholinylcarbothioyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline; 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-[(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)carbothioyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline hydrochloride at concentration of 0.05 %–0.1 %. Growth stimulants used for vegetative mass of Rhododendron L. is one of compounds: 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-(1-piperidinylcarbothioyl)-1,2-dihydroquinoline hydrochloride; 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-(1-piperidinylcarbothioyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline hydrochloride; 1-benzyl-2,2,4-trimethyl-6-(4-morpholinylcarbothioyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline; 1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-6-[(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)carbothioyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline and 4-[(1,2,2,4-tetramethyl-1,2-dihydro-6-quinolinyl)carbothioy]-1-piperazinylcarbaldehyde hydrochloride at concentration of 0.05 %–0.1 %.EFFECT: stimulation of growth.1 cl, 4 tbl
Drive cassettes with brushes for cleaning of sieve surface // 2607456
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building and can be used in cleaning and sorting of grain. Cassettes’ drive with brushes for cleaning of sieve surfaces comprises rod, ratchet wheel and spring-loaded retainer. Cassettes with brushes are connected by yokes to connecting rods on crankshaft. Double-arm lever is freely mounted on crankshaft. One end of lever by means of rod is articulated with sieve box. Second end of lever together with spring-loaded retainer is in contact with ratchet wheel, rigidly fixed on crankshaft.EFFECT: drive device provides increased reliability of cleaning of sieves.1 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of bioconversion of crop residues of agricultural crops // 2607378
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in improvement of soil fertility in biological agriculture. Mix the remnants of the content of the rumen of cattle slaughter of ruminants, containing microorganisms and molasses at a ratio of 1:10. Before use is diluted with water in an amount of 1 l of the prepared solution per 100 l of water, and produced mixture in an amount of 10 l/ha is diluted with alcohol dreg in amount of 200 l/ha and irrigated area with subsequent ploughed.EFFECT: invention allows to simplify the method of bioconversion and accelerating decomposition of crop residues.1 cl, 1 ex
Agricultural machine with improved working tools field profile following // 2607352
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural equipment. Disclosed is agricultural machine (1) for soil treatment or for seeds sowing with towed chassis (2) and with working tools (3), distributed on longitudinal bar (4) from several sections. At that, said longitudinal bar (4) includes, at least, two primary beams (4a, 4b), in working configuration passing essentially across movement direction (A). At that, with each primary beam (4a, 4b) secondary beam (10a, 10b) is connected by means of two crank rod devices (11). Said working tools (3) are installed on these secondary beams (10a, 10b). At that, each secondary beam (10a, 10b) rests against soil by means of two support wheels (12) and made with possibility of free movement during operation to follow field profile. Secondary beams (10a, 10b) crank rod devices (11) position is independent, wherein each crank rod device (11) is tilting during operation.EFFECT: invention enables to increase working tools position accuracy relative to soil to follow field profile.9 cl, 5 dwg
ethod and device for control of live weight and number of farm animals livestock // 2607348
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is intended for sheep breeding and industrial animal breeding. Animals are weighed in groups in cage of device for control of live weight and number of animals. Passage doors and animal cages are opened for coming of animals for preset time. Passage is equipped with side guards and revolving flap for passage of animals by one. Electronic magnetic card in form of bracelet is fixed to leg of each animal. When animal approaches cage entrance, the card affects sensor. After preset time interval entrance door is closed and after time for filtration of dynamic noise animals are weighed. Number, total weight and average body weight are registered. Cage door is left open till its complete release. Signal level lower than minimum possible level of animal body weight is counted as release signal. On signal exit door is closed and passage entrance door is opened to receive following group. Device also includes converter, unit for mass measurement and initial start-up button, presence sensor, counter, actuating units, control units, timers and memory register.EFFECT: higher level of automation is provided.2 cl, 3 dwg
ethod and device to control animals number and live weight in herd and detecting weak and sick among them // 2607347
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: for accounting of healthy animals first time interval corresponds to onset of first animal on passage to farm. Signals of first and second time delay meet period of debilitated and sick animals admission. Animals are labelled with first and second colours, respectively. Turnstile opens at animal appears in passage for passing on weight platform. Turnstile is blocked till completion of weighing. Animal is weighed during its passage over platform. Weighing completed at exit of animal from platform. Device contains passage with side barriers, turnstile and sensor of animal presence, first and second actuators, two aerosol cylinders with paints, control and signalling unit. Electro-magnetic card based on bracelet is fixed on animal's leg. Turnstile comprises actuator and control unit for passage of animals one by one. In passage there are weight platform, converter with strain sensors, analogue-to-digital converter, comparator, inverter, control and data processing unit and information display unit. Animals are taken into account of number of turnstile openings.EFFECT: higher production efficiency.2 cl, 3 dwg
Device for increasing efficiency of controlling process of growing broilers (versions) // 2607346
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agriculture. Device according to first version comprises a control object, a unit for determining coefficient of safety, a unit for determining average poultry live weight at herd, fodder conversion factor determination unit, scaling coefficient setting unit, a unit for setting age of poultry, three multiplier units, a divider unit and process control unit. Device additionally includes a unit for determining mean-square deviation of bird's weight and one more multiplier. Device according to a second version comprises a control object, a unit for determining coefficient of safety of the herd, fodder conversion factor determination unit, a unit for setting age of poultry, scaling coefficient setting unit, three multiplier units, a divider unit and process control unit. Device also includes a unit for determining coefficient of variation of bird's weight. Device according to third version comprises a control object, a unit for determining coefficient of safety, a unit for determining coefficient of fodder conversion, scaling coefficient setting unit, a unit for setting age of poultry, three multiplier units, a divider unit and process control unit. Device also includes a unit for determining coefficient of uniformity of flock.EFFECT: higher efficiency of controlling process of growing broilers.3 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of locating tractor and device for implementation // 2607337
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automatic tractor control for contour plowing. Method of locating a tractor involves measuring the magnetic field intensity, comparing the measured value with the compensating one and forming a signal of trajectory disalignment as a difference of the compared values. Value of the compensating signal is generated by measuring intensity of the magnetic field in the point of required location of the tractor by parameters of the magnetic field source and the distance between the tractor and the rotary strip. Device for generating the signal of trajectory disalignment comprises an inductive converter, a track sensor, a computer and a comparator circuit. Track sensor generates for the computer a distance from the rotary strip to the current location of the tractor. Computer determines the intensity value at the required distance from the source of magnetic field.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of accuracy of automatic driving a tractor along a required trajectory in an alternating magnetic field.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod and device for harvesting and three-stage cleaning of topinambour tubers // 2607333
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agricultural production. Method includes transportation and cleaning of root crops simultaneously with supply of heap in lateral conveyors, cleaning is made by cleaning elements in form of brushes, installed above them. At first stage vibration cleaning is made by cleaning topinambour tubers, cutting of residues of stems and removal of residues of soil. At second stage vibration cleaning of topinambour tubers is made in drum cleaner with spiral screw, vibration brushes and vibration spring with adjustable pitch of spiral. At third stage residues of soil are cleaned out from grooves on topinambour roots by vibration pulsed action of brushes and metal mesh grid. Then cleaned tubers are supplied into outlet branch pipe with stone-caching box with opening front cover in its lower wall. Then tubers are directed to trough-shaped casing via horizontal-inclined conveyor. Device comprises lateral conveyors, cleaning elements in form of brushes, inclined vibration conveyor with sharpened coil type rollers and horizontal rubberized clot-squeezing drums with longitudinal riffles, pointed at angle of no less than 120°, that provides effective cleaning of topinambour, which is then supplied into housing of drum-cleaner with rotating tape spiral-shaped vibration screw installed at angle to horizontal no less than 15° to output of cleaned tubers. To screw shaft, using no more than four flat plates spiral tape is attached, and on its internal plane at least eight vertical cylinder bodies are fixed made in form of plunger pairs with brushes and springs, which are placed diametrically in radii from center of shaft at each step of spiral. Housings with brushes have possibility of rotation in horizontal plane in clockwise direction from 0 to 90° and back, as well as move in vertical plane. Between end walls of drum-cleaner housing vibrating spring is installed with diameter no less than 500 mm, which is made of metal wire with diameter no less than 4 mm. One end of spring is fixed to front end wall of drum-cleaner housing, and its other end is fixed to rockers through rear end wall using horizontal links, which are connected to at least three cylinders to control spiral pitch depending on dimensions of topinambour tubers. At distance of no less than 10 mm, in circle of diameter of vibrating spring on end walls of drum-cleaner no more than six horizontal angles are fixed for installation of metal grid on them. Simultaneous vibration of all said working elements is performed, which is transmitted from corresponding electric drives with frequency control. Then cleaned tubers through outlet branch pipe are supplied in trough-shaped casing with horizontal-inclined conveyor, which is turned by 180° from topinambour tubers path. In conveyor warm heated air is supplied from air-blower operated from solar battery installed on tractor cabin roof, it provides drying of topinambour tubers, which are then supplied into storage bin, and then they are unloaded from it via belt conveyor into separate vehicle. Control system of operation of all mechanisms is performed from microprocessor, installed in tractor cabin.EFFECT: higher efficiency, operating speed and quality of topinambour tubers cleaning are achieved.2 cl, 2 dwg
Plants growing system, method and chute // 2607330
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is plants growing system containing cultivation table, accommodating plants to be grown, at least, during stage of growth. There are also vegetal substrates arranged in elongated chutes, in which plants seeds are sown and which during sprouting are located at cultivation table initial end. In these chutes both seeds, and plants seedlings, as well as grown plants are located both during said sprouting, and in said stage of growth. When growing plants in greenhouse vegetal substrate is arranged in elongated chute, and plant seeds are sown in above vegetal substrate located in said chute. Elongated chute comprises elongated chamber limited by two side walls and bottom, and completely open from above.EFFECT: this allows to automate several stages of growth.22 cl, 7 dwg
Systems and methods for seeds treatment for retail enterprises // 2607244
FIELD: processing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to seeds treatment devices. Seeds treatment device leak-tight container is configured to use plurality of chemical treatment agents to seeds batch based on seeds treatment formula. Programmable system controller is electrically connected with pump controller of each of multiple pumping stations. Programmable system controller is configured to receive weight transfer readings from each of multiple pumping stations and sends commands to pump controller of each pump station in response to seeds treatment formula. Programmable system controller is configured to collect data on system operation, which is, at least consumed amount of chemicals from container with chemicals on each of pump stations based on corresponding weight transfer readings during seeds treatment and for providing information on system functioning to remotely located information system, located away from seeds retailer production room, and to which can get access at least one third party supplier, which is different from seeds retailer.EFFECT: technical result consists in optimization of processing parameters at seeds retail sales point.83 cl, 20 dwg
Kit for production of emulsifiable pesticide solution, composition obtained from said kit (versions), method of producing emulsifiable pesticide solutions and crop treatment method // 2607106
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Kit for producing an emulsifiable pesticide solution comprises: (a) a water miscible organic solvent selected from a list of: a glycol ether, a glycerol formal, dimethylsulphoxide, gamma-butyrolactone or mixtures thereof, (b) an alkoxylated alcohol having an alkyl chain length from 4 to 24 carbon atoms with ethylene oxide in average amount of 6 to 80 mol and with propylene oxide in average amount of 2 to 60 mol per mol alcohol; and (c) pesticide active ingredient, where alkoxylated alcohol has formula (I) or (II):CH3-(CH2)x-CH2-O-(CH2-CH2-O)y-(CH2-CH(CH3)-O)z-H (I)CH3-(CH2)x-CH2-O-(CH2-CH(CH3)-O)z-(CH2-CH2-O)y-H (II), x is from 2 to 22, y is from 6 to 80 and z is from 2 to 60; provided that aromatic or isoparaffinic solvent is absent.EFFECT: invention increases stability of emulsion.20 cl, 4 tbl, 5 ex
Unit to of the harvester height adjustment device with tires flexure compensation // 2607104
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agricultural machine building. Harvester height control system comprises harvester sensor height and tires compression sensor. Sensors are connected to electronic control unit. Two signals of sensors are combined by electronic control unit to generate harvester compensated height signal. Harvester compensated height signal compensates for vehicle pneumatic tires short-term deflection. Harvester compensated height signal is used by electronic control unit for harvester height control in harvester height control algorithm.EFFECT: enabling possibility of harvesting machine tires flexure dynamic compensation.16 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of soil preparation for vegetable crops growing // 2607102
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to vegetable crops growing. Method of soil preparation for vegetable crops growing includes of groove bottom tillage dug in bayonet, watering, mulching from above with semi-decomposed manure with sawdust, humus, leaves or decomposed blackened sawdust. After soil tillage filling first layer from maize dry cut stems, second layer is made of semi-decomposed manure, then another layer of dry cut maize stems, filling with ground.EFFECT: invention enables obtaining soil with improved loose state and additional nourishment of vegetables root system.1 cl
Caterpillar combine harvester // 2607101
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building. Caterpillar combine harvester comprises motor unit 1, harvester 2, reel 3, cutting unit 4, auger 5, rotor threshing and separating device 6, elevator 7 and loading device 8. Rotor threshing and separating device 6 with grain mass tangential feed is installed and rigidly fixed on crawler truck 22 frame 21 in front and parallel to harvester 2 cutting device 4. Between harvester 2 and rotor threshing and separating device 6 grain mass conveying device 28 with feed rolls 29 is arranged. On conveying device 28 with feed rolls 29 housing harvester 2 balancing mechanism is installed in form of levers and units of springs.EFFECT: caterpillar combine harvester enables grain crops efficient harvesting.3 cl, 5 dwg
Apron platform with central conveyor and method for central conveyor belt replacement // 2607094
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agricultural machine building. Leaf platform includes frame, support levers, knife, left hand conveyor, right hand conveyor and central conveyor. Central belt conveyor rests on the first and second adjacent support levers. Central conveyor is made with possibility of release from the first support lever to turn down from the first support lever to the distance sufficient for removal of endless belt conveyor from central conveyor. Method of replacing endless conveyor belt release one side of the central conveyor from frame apron platform. Central conveyor is turned relative to the frame. Central conveyor with sliding endless belt in the form of endless belt is removed.EFFECT: fast replacement of the endless belt of the central conveyor.13 cl, 7 dwg
Conveyor belt tensioner for agricultural harvester // 2607092
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agricultural machine building. Agricultural harvester comprises a conveyor belt tensioning device, a frame, a set of levers, a conveyor belt and the first roller. First roller supports the first end loop of the conveyor belt. Tensioner contains the second roller, an elongated roll support, front and rear guide elements, elongated tensioning bar and a spring assembly. Conveyor belt is wrapped around the second roller to form the second end loop. Second roller is installed on the roll support and is spring-loaded to maintain tension of the conveyor belt.EFFECT: uniform distribution of conveyor belt tension by width.9 cl, 7 dwg
anual weeds roots cutter // 2607090
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, more specifically to lawn and gardening tools for personal subsidiary plots and greenhouses. Manual weeds roots cutter includes a sharpened metal plane with a wooden shank. For efficient weed fighting the sharpened metal plane is shaped as shown in Fig. 1, and in the middle an angle piece is welded to it with a metal rod welded to it. Metal rod is installed between the shank and the angle piece to allow bending. Rear side of the angle piece is shorter than the front one, which is sharpened on the shank side. Angle piece is welded to the metal plane from the edge of the sharpened front side for one third.EFFECT: such design of the manual weeds roots cutter provides efficiency of ripping and destroying weeds.1 cl, 1 dwg
Remedy for protection of bulbs of iris, hyacinth and daffodils from fungal diseases // 2607026
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plant growing. Invention represents agent for protecting bulbs of iris, hyacinth and daffodils from fungal diseases, including potassium phosphite and water, additionally containing Gigasept FF (new), liposentol hydro and finely dispersed fenugreek in following proportions, wt%: Potassium phosphite 0.5–3.0, Gigasept FF (new) 1.0–5.0, Liposentol hydro 0.5–1.0, Finely dispersed fenugreek 1.0–5.0, Water – the rest.EFFECT: invention allows to improve germinating ability of bulbs and their seeding quality, as well as protecting bulbs of iris, hyacinth and daffodils from fungal diseases.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
ethod of producing biologically active preparations, increasing germination of seeds of crops and increasing their resistance to unfavorable conditions // 2607013
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Invention represents method of producing biologically active preparations increasing germination of seeds of crops and increasing their resistance to unfavorable conditions, involving extraction of vegetal raw materials with subsequent evaporation of extracts to resinous state, where biologically active preparation is obtained from vegetal raw materials, which grow in Southern Yakutia, extraction at following temperature conditions: 2-times short-term heating of extraction system to 60–70 °C every 20 hours, cooling and fermentation of extractive substances without effervescence.EFFECT: invention allows to produce preparations of herbal raw materials, which grow in Southern Yakutia, having growth-stimulating and anti-stress activity.1 cl, 5 tbl
ethod of producing haploid plants-regenerants of reproductive organs of brassica oleracea linnaeus in vitro // 2607007
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method of producing plants-regenerants of reproductive organs of Brassica oleracea L. in vitro relates to biotechnology and is intended for in vitro culturing of anthers and ovaries of Brassica oleracea L. and can be used for production of new initial material to create varieties. To Murasinge and Skug nutrient medium as embryogenesis inductors herbal extracts are added, which are obtained from reproductive organs of white cabbage using solvent DMSO in concentration of 1–1.5 ml/100 ml of nutrient medium.EFFECT: aim of invention is to accelerate process of selection.1 cl
Filter without zigzag filtering panels for places of livestock management // 2606980
FIELD: instrumentation; veterinary science.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to air filtration systems used in places of livestock management. Filtration element made to filter virus of swine reproductive and respiratory syndrome – PRRSV from air flow in building for livestock management comprises rectangular frame, filter filler package extending through frame in configuration without zigzag arrangement of filtering panels with depth less than 8 inches, so that in combination with filtering element it has depth less than 10 inches in direction perpendicular to plane defined by rectangular frame. Filter filler package has MERV rating of at least 14 and efficiency of filtration sufficient for preventing transmission of PRRSV and capacity of air flow is more than 200 cfm at resistance of 0.2 inch of water column per square foot of filtering element across air flow. Filtering element in second version comprises support frame, filter filler package containing filter filler extending through support frame and having depth greater than approximately 3 inches, filter filler with MERV rating of at least 14 and volumetric air flow capacity, which exceeds 500 cfm/min of external filter loop at resistance of 0.2 inch of water column. Filter filler package has configuration without zigzag arrangement of filtering panels. Filtering system intended for air filtration for animals contains filter casing installed in building of generating air flow through filter casing, filtration element tightly installed on housing, which includes frame, filter filler package supported by frame in configuration without zigzag arrangement of filtering panels with depth of more than 2 inches and less than approximately 11 inches, so that in combination with filtering element it has depth of approximately 12 inches or less in direction perpendicular to plane defined by rectangular frame, and having MERV rating of at least 14. Wherein filter filler package has MERV rating if at least 15, efficiency of filtration, sufficient for preventing transmission of PRRSV, and capacity of air flow is more than 200 cfm at resistance of 0.2 inch of water column per square foot of filtering element across air flow.EFFECT: higher efficiency of filtration of swine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.30 cl, 1 ex, 3 tbl, 42 dwg
ethod of assessing functional state of tissues and organs of plants, which do not contain chlorophyll // 2606923
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, biology and physiology of plants. Method consists in measuring optical characteristics. During preset time of 3 seconds and more dynamics of flicker speckles of coherent laser radiation reflected or transmitted through object is measured. By degree and rate of fluctuation of intensity of specified section of speckle pattern functional state of tissue is determined – the more they are, the higher is level of metabolic activity of investigated object.EFFECT: method allows reducing labor intensity of analysis and assessing functional state, metabolic activity and viability of plants.1 cl, 2 tbl, 6 dwg, 3 ex
ethod of soya seeds production under irrigation conditions, mainly for intermediate varieties, and method of primary soya seeds breeding under irrigation conditions // 2606921
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Soya seeds production method in irrigation conditions provides for soya seeds wide-row sowing, watering, plants care and harvesting. For sowing seeds are used, produced by primary seed growing method, containing: 1 – preliminary reproduction nursery garden with original seeds sowing rate of not more than 250 thousand pcs. of germinating seeds per hectare; 2 – 1st year nursery garden; 3 – 2nd year nursery garden; 4 – superquality stock seeds section; 5 – selected grain section. Sowing is carried out with rate of 380–400 thousand pcs. of germinating seeds per one hectare. At that, moisture content of active soil layer is maintained as not less than 67–80–63 % HB by scheme: 67 % HB during shoots-blooming periods; 80 % – from blossoming to seeds filling; 63 % during filling - complete ripeness of seeds period, and last watering is carried out in first decade of August. Method of soya primary seed growing under conditions of irrigation involves successive reproduction of original soya seeds in breeding nursery gardens of 1st and 2nd years, superquality stock seeds and selected grain sections. Additionally introduced is preliminary reproduction nursery garden, wherein in all three reproduction nursery gardens performing negative sampling with removal of non-typical plants and impurities during blossoming and ripening.EFFECT: methods provide for faster production of soya seeds, reduction of seeds heterogeneous varieties occurrence and improving sowing qualities of seeds.2 cl, 3 tbl
Ploughshare section for accurate depth seeding // 2606918
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, in particular, to planting machines. Ploughshare section for accurate depth seeding comprises installed on drive freely rotating flat disc with flanges, rigidly fixed seeds guide and furrow forming working member. Furrow forming working member is made in form of wedge-shaped anchor, which is conjugated with seed guide and seed tube. Seed guide is fixed to flat disc using bracket attached to drive. Bracket has bend in flanges ends area. To wedge-shaped anchor lower part adjustable in height coverers are fixed, which lower part is located below soil surface level by value of wet layer bedding. Flat discs with furrow forming working members are installed on seeder frame in two rows on short and long guides. Behind second row on seeder frame smoothing rollers are installed by means of hinged drives equipped with compression springs.EFFECT: such design solution is aimed at improvement of field germination and yield.1 cl, 2 dwg
South cane harvesting device // 2606911
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, particularly to stem plants mowing and southern cane harvesting devices. South cane harvesting device includes boat, engine, gear box, cutting tool, drive and control mechanism. On boat side wall frame is hinged resting on shore on adjustable support-drive wheels and locked by braces. On frame side wall rotary cutting tools unit is installed, behind cutting devices receiving-loading conveyor is mounted, coupled with mounted grinder, aggregated with tractor, mounted grinder is equipped with silage duct for ground mass loading into tractor dump carrier. Grinder is coupled with receiving-loading conveyor by means of chute board and includes two lower and two upper ribbed rolls and smooth roll, and grinding device has shear bar and cylindrical drum with blades on its periphery. In drum upper part a splitter plate is provided, and in grinder rear part silage duct is made for ground mass loading into tractor dump carrier.EFFECT: use of invention provides mowing higher efficiency and quality, while device design simplification.1 cl, 2 dwg
Cutting filament with improved composition for edge trimmers, scrub cutters and the like // 2606909
FIELD: personal use and household items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to plant-cutting devices. At least one portion of the cutting member for plant-cutting is a mixture of 5 to 50 % by weight of polyamide, at least one thermoplastic polyolefin, and at least one prodegradant agent.EFFECT: use of proposed cutting element provides satisfactory cutting efficiency and relatively quick degradation in the environment.12 cl, 5 dwg
Rotor of hay-harvesting machine equipped with rod of two parts connected with improved connecting device // 2606830
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agricultural machine building. Rotor of hay-harvesting machine includes a rotary body with at least one rotary bar. Said rotary bar comprises connected to the body inner part and outer part, on which there are working tools. One part comprises a male section which can partially enter a female section of the other part. Female and male sections contain at least one opening and can be connected by means of connecting device. Connecting device contains at least one threaded element with a collar. Threaded element passes through each hole of said sections. Connecting device contains an insert with at least one internal thread and to be fitted inside the male part. Threaded element is configured to be screwed in thread. Flange rests on the female section pressing the female section to male section.EFFECT: design of rotary bar made of two parts facilitates transportation of hay-harvesting machine and repair of the rod.18 cl, 9 dwg
Axial-piston press for fodders granulation // 2606827
FIELD: manufacturing technology; technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fodders into granules compaction equipment. Press comprises bin with seal and housing with inlet and outlet openings located on both sides from its axis. Output opening is equipped with matrix in form of truncated cone with cone-shaped calibrated holes arranged on its side surface. Holes have inlet diameter of 12–15 mm and outlet diameter of 8–10 mm. Press provides for pressing device in form of drive shaft mounted with possibility of rotation with speed of 80–100 rpm cylinder block with coupling and pistons. On coupling inclined washer is installed. Working chambers are alternately communicate with inlet and outlet openings. Pistons are arranged with support on inclined washer with possibility of reciprocal movement along working chambers axis with change of their volume.EFFECT: result is providing continuous pelletizing process of different types of grain and leguminous crops.1 cl, 3 dwg
Sprinkling machine hydraulic drive // 2606819
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to crops irrigation devices, and concerns improved hydraulic drive of sprinkling machine of DMU “Fregat” type for operation at low pressure in pipeline. Sprinkling machine of DMU “Fregat” type hydraulic drive hydraulic cylinder is equipped with second piston with rod with hydraulic cylinder top cover change, hydraulic cylinder attachment point change and forces on lever and pushers transmission system due to hydraulic cylinder equipment with parallelogram mechanism.EFFECT: disclosed invention enables to twice reduce required pressure in discharge pipeline and hydraulic cylinder, provides DMU “Fregat” hydraulic drive operation at low pressure with installation of sprinklers, requiring low pressure from 0,08 to 0,25 MPa for normal operation.1 cl, 3 dwg
Drier for blue-green algae // 2606811
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building. Drier for blue-green algae comprises a loading hopper, an auger elevator, air heater. On longitudinal cylindrical surface of auger there are spiral strips with mesh surface with possibility of changing direction of movement and rotational speed of auger. Air heater is configured for changing temperature mode of air heating. Along perimeter of auger elevator there are air distributors.EFFECT: invention provides faster drying process due to blowing algae with heated air through mesh surface of spiral strips of auger, wherein starting material is subjected to intensive turning.1 cl, 1 dwg
Common reed grinder // 2606802
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building and can be used in production of fodders. Fodder grinder comprises a feed conveyor, an actuator for destruction of mass and a drum for grinding with a shearing plate. Actuator for destruction of mass contains two lower and one upper ribbed rolls, as well as crushing and smooth rolls installed in front of the shearing plate. Drum for grinding is of a knife type. Every knife of the drum has a stiffness rib and a cutting blade with notches on the cutting edge and a build-up of hard wear-resistant alloy on the front edge. Cutting blade is made as a logarithmic spiral. Shearing plate is fixed horizontally.EFFECT: grinder ensures a decrease in power consumption during grinding.1 cl, 4 dwg
Agricultural formulations with amides and acyl morpholines // 2606800
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition contains a) at least one active ingredient for agricultural purposes, b) at least one amide of formula (I), in which R1 is selected from a group consisting of non-aromatic hydrocarbon group, having from 1 to 16 carbon atoms, and benzyl; R2 is selected from a group consisting of a hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and benzyl and R3 is selected from a group consisting of hydrogen and hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 16 carbon atoms, and c) at least one acyl morpholine of formula (II), where R denotes H, CH3 or C2H5. Composition is used for treatment of plants or seed material.EFFECT: invention increases solubility of active ingredient.17 cl, 4 tbl
Agricultural formulations with aromatic solvents and acyl morpholines // 2606798
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition contains at least one active ingredient for agricultural purposes; at least one aromatic hydrocarbon; and at least one acyl morpholine of formula (I): , where R denotes H, CH3 or C2H5. Method comprises treatment of plants or seed material with said composition.EFFECT: invention increases solubility of active ingredients.15 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex
Biocidal compositions and methods for use thereof // 2606793
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biocides. Biocidal composition contains hydroxymethyl-substituted phosphorus-containing compound, which is a salt of tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium and 2-(decylthio)ethanamine.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of controlling microorganisms.10 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex
Planting machine // 2606792
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: planting machine includes frame, seedling planters section, planter's seat, drive, planting cups, chain conveyor. Last is composed of chains, between which there are installed links of planting cups which are articulated with chains. Links of planting cups are arranged in line parallel to the rows. In each link there are two or more sleeves for seedlings, interconnected rigidly. Chain conveyor with links cups simultaneously move vertically and horizontally in planes perpendicular to the direction of movement of the machine and planted rows. Besides, planter's seat is fixed on the frame in the end of the upper horizontal section of conveyor so that chain conveyor with links cups move towards the cup planter.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the efficiency and reduce damage of planting material.3 cl, 3 dwg
Herbicide emulsifiable concentrates with auxiliary substance // 2606771
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Emulsified herbicide concentrate composition contains: a) relative to composition from 25 g per litre (g/l) to 225 g/l of herbicide based on arylxiphenoxipropionic acid; b) relative to composition from 600 g/l to 950 g/l of provided auxiliary substance of not oil origin, where provided auxiliary substance of not oil origin is represented by vegetable, algal or animal origin oil or C1-C10 ester of vegetable, algal or animal origin oil; and c) relative to composition from 10 g/l to 150 g/l of nonionic surfactant content, wherein weight ratio of herbicide to provided auxiliary substance of not oil origin ranges from 1:3 to 1:33.EFFECT: higher efficiency of weed control in rice bays.15 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
Plants expressing cell wall degrading enzymes and expression vectors // 2606766
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry, particularly to vectors for expression of proteins in plants. Disclosed are versions of a transgenic plant intended for expression of a cell wall degrading enzyme. Also disclosed are vectors for expression of said cell wall degrading enzyme in a transgenic plant. Invention also relates to a method of processing plant biomass, where plant biomass includes a transgenic plant according to invention.EFFECT: invention provides high enzymatic activity of hydrolytic cell wall degrading enzymes in transgenic plants and can be used for industrial and agricultural purposes.43 cl, 73 dwg, 6 tbl, 22 ex
ethod of restoration of anatomic preparations // 2606749
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly, to normal and pathological anatomy, zoological and embryology. For restoring previously fixed and embalmed anatomic preparations is used 1–10 % solution of sodium benzoate.EFFECT: method allows to improve quality, information value and appearance of the anatomic preparations due to partial recovery of their natural colour, consistency and dimensions, and also increases the service life of preparations, simplification and cheaper process of restoration, elimination of factors of occupational hazards for personnel of anatomical and pathoanatomical laboratories.1 cl
Hand tool of impact action for division into parts of roll hay // 2606688
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Hand tool of impact action for division into parts of rolled hay consists of guide rod, working element and impact element. Working element is made in form of reverse cone, to generatrices of which regularly in circle and perpendicular to surface of cone flat cutting elements in form of knives are rigidly fixed. Cone base is made with possibility of perceiving effect of impact element.EFFECT: technical result consists in excluding flaring hay and higher efficiency.1 cl, 1 dwg
Pesticide compositions // 2606641
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a compound of Formula One, where R10 is substituted pyridine of formula (a), R1 is selected from H, F, Cl, Br, I or substituted or unsubstituted C1-C6 alkyl, where each R1, which is substituted, has one or more substitutes selected from F, Cl, Br or I; R2 is H, F, Cl, Br, I or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C6 alkyl, where each R2, which is substituted, has one or more substitutes selected from F, Cl, Br or I; R3 is H or unsubstituted C1-C6 alkyl; R4 is O, S; R5 is (C1-C12 alkyl)S(O)n(C1-C12 alkyl), R7 is H, F, Cl, Br, I or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C6 alkyl, where each R7, which is substituted, has one or more substitutes selected from F, Cl, Br or I; R8 is H, F, Cl, Br, I or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C6 alkyl, where each R8, which is substituted, has one or more substitutes selected from F, Cl, Br or I; and n is (each independently) 0, 1 or 2. Compounds of Formula One are intended for pest control, performed by applying compound on a surface in an amount, sufficient for control.EFFECT: technical result is compound for pest control.3 cl, 4 tbl, 47 ex , (а)
ethod of producing auxin nanocapsules // 2606590
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing nanocapsules. Described is a method of producing nanocapsules of auxins. Shell of nanocapsules used is agar-agar. Said method is characterized by that auxin is added to a suspension of agar-agar in butanol in presence of glycerol ester with one or two molecules of edible fatty acids and one or two molecules of citric acid as surfactant while mixing at 1,300 rpm. Then a hexane is added and obtained suspension of nanocapsules is filtered and dried at room temperature. Said auxin is selected from indolyl acetic acid, indolyl-3-butyric acid or 1-naphthyl acetic acid. Weight ratio of nucleus/shell nanocapsules is 1:1 or 5:1.EFFECT: invention provides simpler and faster process of producing nanocapsules, reduces losses during production thereof (increased mass output).1 cl, 2 dwg, 7 ex
 
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