Agriculture and forestry and animal husbandry and hunting and trapping and fishing (A01)

A   Human necessities(308424)
A01            Agriculture; forestry; animal husbandry; hunting; trapping; fishing(79318)
A01D - Harvesting; mowing(12901)
A01L - Shoeing of animals(27)
ethod of increasing symbiotic activity of grain legume crops // 2628520
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method involves cultivating crops and applying zeolite-containing clay alanite dissolved in water. In this case, 2-3 weeks after emergence, plants are fertilized with a mixture of poultry litter and potassium humate in a ratio of 2:1, which is mixed with alanite saturated with boron-containing mineral water Karmadon for 20-24 hours in the same ratio. Repeated cultivation is carried out in the budding-flowering phase with potassium humate in a concentration of 0.2% aqueous solution.EFFECT: method allows to increase the fertility of soils, the productivity of grain legume crops and the efficiency of cultivation through the use of local raw materials.1 tbl, 2 ex

Tool with reduced hydraulic oil exchange // 2628517
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: frame has seven sections in the position for use in the field and nine sections in the folded position. The frame construction allows the frame having the width more than 27 m to be folded into the transport position having the width of less than eight meters and the height of less than six metres. The hydraulic system is used to carry the weight to the main or central frame section during folding and unfolding in order to increase the frame stability. The hydraulic system uses one or more accumulators to minimize the amount of oil reduction in the tractor tank, caused by the extension of the hydraulic cylinders of the tool. The time periods of the tool raising and lowering cycle are minimized due to providing the second auxiliary cylinder for lifting the main section of the frame when the weight of the entire tool is on the main section and for enabling the use of a smaller cylinder for lifting the main frame section in the position for use in the field and shortening the time periods of the tool raising and lowering cycle for turns in the field.EFFECT: increasing the frame stability during the folding process and reducing the load on the inner wheel assemblies.6 cl, 17 dwg
Agricultural aqueous suspension chemical composition // 2628513
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: agricultural aqueous suspension chemical composition contains a compound represented by the following formula (I), or acceptable for agriculture and horticulture acid addition salt thereof as an active ingredient, the condensate alkyl naphthalene sulfonate and formalin, and one, or two or more compounds selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfate, alkyl ether sulfate, polyoxyalkylene, alkylphosphoric acid and its salts, simple polioksialkilenphosphoric alkyl ester and salt thereof, and a simple alkyl polioksialkilenacetic ester acid and salts thereof, wherein R1 represents COR4' or COOR5 (wherein R4' and R5 represent a C1-4 alkyl group), R2 represents a C1-4 alkyl group, R3 represents a C1-4 alkyl group, X1 and X2, each independently, represent an atom hydrogen or C1-4 alkyl group optionally substituted by halogen atom, provided that X1 and X2 are not simultaneously a hydrogen atom, X3 represents a hydrogen atom, W1, W2 and W3 represent C-Y1, C-Y2 and C-Y3 respectively, Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5, each independently represents a hydrogen atom, C1-8 alkyloxy or galogen atom (wherein C1-8 alkyloxy substituted by one or more halogen atoms, which may be identical or different, and/or C1-4alkiloksigruppoy substituted by one or more halogen atoms, which may be identical or different), in the condition that X1 and X2 are not simultaneously a hydrogen atom, X3 is a hydrogen atom, W1, W2 and W3 are C-Y1, C-Y2 and C-Y3 respectively, Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5, each Independently represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-8 alkyloxy group or a halogen atom (wherein the C1-8 alkyloxy group is substituted by one or more halogen atoms which may be the same or different and/or a C1-4 alkyloxy group substituted by one or more halogen atoms which can Be the same or different), provided that at least one of Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 Y5 is a C1-8 alkyloxy group (wherein the C1-8 alkyloxy group is substituted by one or more halogen atoms which may be the same or different and/or a C1-4 alkyloxy group substituted by one or more halogen atoms which may be the same or different), Or two adjacent groups selected from Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5 can be taken together to form -O-(CH2)nO- substituted with one or more halogen atoms (where n is 1 or 2) and Z is an oxygen atom.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the effectiveness of pest control and storage stability.4 cl, 2 tbl
Separating load-gripping mechanism of convergent type of movement // 2628511
FIELD: wood processing industry.SUBSTANCE: separating load-gripping mechanism of the ascending type of motion includes a ballistic-type load-holding mechanism, held by an aerostat, which is divided into two working units by means of four side winches for processing a vertically standing tree. The separating load-gripping mechanism comprises a ball-retaining upper and lower independent ball elements retained by the balloon at the edge of which the gripping and shearing mechanisms are disposed. Each of the beam elements is held on a balloon by two personal electric cargo ropes and acts as a manipulator, the frontal guidance of which on the tree trunk is performed due to the balloon displacement by means of a ground winch and pull-pull ropes. At the point of guidance, both beam elements are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the tree trunk.EFFECT: work is carried out related to pruning branches and branches from vertically standing trees, keeping the trunk at its cut and taking it out of the forest canopy and moving it with a balloon to the unloading point.5 cl, 4 dwg
Herbicidal composition // 2628507
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: herbicidal composition comprises a cyclohexanone compound represented by the formula (I) and at least one compound selected from Group A. Formula . Group A consists of benoxacor, cloquintoset-mexyl, quimetrine, dichloromide, fenchlorazole-ethyl, fenchloride, flurazole, furylazole, mefenpyr-diethyl, oxabethrinyl, isoxadifen-ethyl, cyprosulfamide, fluxofenim, 1.8-naphthalic anhydride and AD-67.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the weed control effectiveness.7 cl, 78 tbl

ethods of increasing yield of agricultural crops resistant to 2,4-d // 2628504
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: to increase the yield of soybean plants resistant to 2.4-D, they are treated with 2.4-D at the growth stage of V3 and R2 with the application rate from 1000 to 2000 g ke/ha. To increase the yield of a soybean plant resistant to 2.4-D: (a) soybean cells are transformed with the molecule of a nucleic acid comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding aryloxyalkanoate dioxygenase (AAD); (b) transformed cells undergo the selection; (c) soybean plants are regenerated from the transformed cells; and (d) 2.4-Dis applied at the growth stage of V3 and R2 of a 2.4-D-resistant soybean plant which is treated with 2.4-D at the application rate from 1000 to 2000 g ke/ha.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the soybean crop capacity.18 cl, 3 dwg, 44 tbl, 24 ex

System of monitoring and controlling garden tool operations within operation area // 2628502
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: monitoring and control system includes a control device for simultaneously monitoring and controlling the operations of garden tools of various types in their operation area.EFFECT: reliably controlling the operations of garden tools.14 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of biomelioration of degraded rainfed lands // 2628500
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes the excavation-free diagnostics during the survey, the mapping of the site, the preparation of the programme for switching on and off the operating elements from the control panel and linking the coordinate system via the GPS receiver of the combined unit with the reference to the geographical coordinates, and transmitting the results to the control processor of the combined unit performing the simultaneous processing. Shrub growth, stems of herbaceous plants and soil aggregates are mechanically ground with separating into fractions, bulk subsoil loosening is carried out. The soil is chemically treated with distributing an ameliorant and mineral fertilizers, liquid manure and a solution with nitrogen-fixing micro-organisms are introduced in the soil, seed mixtures are additionally sown at strip cultivation of plants, seed mixtures of legumes and an integumentary grain crop are sown over the screen, and on the marker strip - seed mixtures of drought-tolerant halophytes, treated with growth stimulants. Bulk subsoil loosening is carried out with the formation of a curved surface of the loosened soil bottom for draining the products of chemical reactions with water from the soil to the strip with halophytes without being carried to rivers and water bodies. Screens waterproof during the period of atmospheric precipitation and permeable by the roots of plants during drought are formed, the organomineral mixture in the gas shell is supplied to the screens through the cavities of the racks of voluminous rippers under dumps, with its composition, vol. %: 35…50 - plant residues and humus, 3…10 - montmorillonite, 15…40 - marine mixed sediment type, 0…15 - iron vitriol, 15…37 - clay. Wherein the main treatment of strips with dump-free depth-adjustable cutting of the upper soil layer is carried out and simultaneously the underlying layer of soil and subsoil solonetz is treated. The chemical ameliorant is applied to disintegrated lumps, an interlayer of 0.03…0.08 m from liquid manure is formed in a cavity between the cut-up soil layer and that treated with introducing an ameliorant.EFFECT: shortening the terms of reclamation works and favourable air and nutrient regime for the development of the root mass of plants and increasing their yields allows to reduce labour costs for pre-design studies, to obtain on rainfed lands desalinated soil with a moisture reserve while regulating the volumes of water accumulated above the screens and in the loosened ground, contributes to the implementation of works with directed treatment of hummocks, curtains of bushes, solonetz with savings of introduced ameliorants, prevents the development of wind erosion.4 cl, 3 dwg
Cultivator shovel // 2628491
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: cultivator shovel comprises the shank, the bow part, the base with symmetrical left and right wings. Overhead elements are installed on the bow part and the wings. The overhead elements in the form of curved plates are made of wear resistant alloy steel. The overhead elements are attached to the base and the bow part on the lower shovel side with the convex side down by means of bolted connections. The overhead elements edges protrude forward from the anterior shovel base borders, forming a cutting edge. The central overhead element of the bow part is formed with bilateral arrow-like cusp and bilateral reinforcing plasma-powder surfacing according to the logarithmic curve shape on the lower part of the blades. The side bilateral overhead elements of the wings are made parallelogram-shaped with alternately, starting from the middle one, alternating of the bilateral reinforcing plasma-powder surfacing according to the logarithmic curve shape in the lower part of their blades. The plate thickness of the central and side overhead elements is respectively 1/2 and 1/4 of the shovel base thickness.EFFECT: increasing the needed quality indices of the cultivation process, increasing the reliability, durability and maintainability of a cultivator shovel.2 cl, 3 dwg

Self-propelled combine harvester // 2628445
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: self-propelled combine harvester contains a spreader for distributing straw which is installed in the rear part of the combine and receives straw from the residual grain extractor. The spreader consists of two spinning discs which operate on the principle of a blowloader. The disks are set in motion towards each other with their own drive elements and have radial grippers on their end surfaces in contact with the straw. It is possible to control the spreading process or the width of the spread due to the fact that each spinning disc can be rotated from a substantially horizontal position about an axis oriented along the longitudinal axis of the combine harvester.EFFECT: spreader of the combine harvester ensures uniform application of straw into the soil and its uniform rotting.10 cl, 4 dwg

Portable device for grain aeration // 2628442
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for active aeration with atmospheric or heated air, or with a gas-air mixture of grain material in enclosed spaces, various containers or stored in the form of a collar on open currents. A portable device for grain aeration comprises a tubular structure with apertures. The open end of the tubular structure is connected to the discharging fan diffuser. The closed end of the tubular structure is made convergent. The tubular structure is made rigid in the form of a tube (5) with perforations. The discharging fan diffuser has a flange connection with a confuser. The confusor is connected to the tube. Knobs (6) are located at the top of the tube. A clear opening regulator (7) of the perforated part of the tube is located inside the tube. The convergent end (8) of the tube has an air deflector (9). The outer surface of the convergent part of the tube is equipped with an auger-type two-way screw (10). A rotary adjusting flap (12) is located between the mating of the spiral housing (11) wall of the fan and the flange connection of the discharging diffuser.EFFECT: increased efficiency of aeration or drying of grain material.2 dwg

Seeder for herbs band seeding into sod // 2628440
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: seeder for herbs band seeding into sod contains the following components, serially arranged on a frame 1: a milling section 2 with working elements in the form of L-shaped blades 6, a seed box with seeding devices 3 and compacting rollers 4. The milling section 2 has a mechanism for sod treatment depth adjustment and is covered with a housing 16. In the back of the housing 16, seed guides 17 are installed. The L-shaped blades 6 have a wing part deflected at an angle α in the longitudinal-vertical plane. The deflected part of the blade wing has a trapezoidal shape. The blade wing has a cutout of the metal which is not more than the half of its width with the formation of the rear edge with the deflected part and the lateral edge. Along the latter, a loosening element in the form of a plate equal to the height of the deflected wing part is fixed.EFFECT: invention will allow to reduce the specific energy intensity of the process with a high quality of uniform loosening and compaction of soil in the bands after seeding, which provides the necessary conditions for the growth and development of herb seeds.5 dwg

Grain-separating machine // 2628433
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: grain-separating machine contains a frame, a device for receiving grain, two swinging sieve boots and a drive shaft for communicating antiphase vibrations to the sieve boots. The two swinging sieve boots are arranged in two tiers. The upper sieve boot is mounted on a pair of suspensions and a pair of racks, and the lower sieve boot - on a pair of racks and a pair of suspensions, or vice versa. The fixing points of each pair of suspensions and the fixing points of the opposing pair of racks on the machine frame are at an equal distance from the horizontal plane passing between these points.EFFECT: dynamic balance of the grain-separating machine.1 dwg

Biogas plant for manure processing // 2628425
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: biogas unit contains a bioreactor with series-interconnected tanks having overflow baffles and equipped with pipelines for supplying manure substrate and extracting fermented mass, with heaters, stirring devices and unit for collecting and releasing biogas. The bioreactor has one reactor tank and five annular maturing tanks, made of reinforced concrete structures. Tubular heaters are installed at the bottom of each tank. The baffles of the annular maturing tanks have overflow windows, which are in diametrical opposition to each other and at different depths. There is a gas holder above the bioreactor. The lower end of its ring is dipped into a hydraulic gate. A backer plate of the gas holder is welded on the outer side of the ring. It pivots on four serpentine rollers, two of which are rigidly fixed in the foundation, and two are compensators. There are cross braces inside the gas holder ring. A hard stirrer for the main reactor tank and chain stirrers for annular maturing tanks are fixed thereto. The baffles of the annular maturing tanks are made of bimetal. The baffle bimetal material on the side of dropped substrate has a heat-conductivity coefficient which is 2.0-2.5 times greater than the one on the side the subsequent maturing tank. The hard stirrer for the main reactor tank and chain stirrers for the annular maturing tanks are connected with a gear motor, which is designed as a drive with a rotational speed control device coupled with a temperature control device and temperature sensor, located in the main reactor tank. The temperature control device includes comparing and setting units, an electronic and magnetic amplifier, a nonlinear feedback unit. The rotational speed control device is designed as a block of magnetic powder couplings. The biogas extracting device is equipped with a nozzle and a swirler, which is composed of plates, the inlet and outlet sections of which are located one opposite to the other at right angle. And the nozzle at the smaller outlet port has an annular groove which is connected with a mud collector. The outer surface of the gas holder is covered with a fine-fiber basalt material made of twisted bundles which are longitudinally extended from the ring to the top of the gas holder.EFFECT: maintaining the specified quality of a finished product at low ambient temperatures.6 dwg

icrobial inoculants and fertilisers composition containing them // 2628411
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: microbial inoculant for increasing of plant growth, plant productivity and/or soil quality contains strains of two or more species of bacteria selected from Lactobacillus parafarraginis, Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus rapi and Lactobacillus zeae. The microbial inoculant contains at least one bacterial strain selected from Lactobacillus parafarraginis Lp18, Lactobacillus buchneri Lb23, Lactobacillus rapi Lr24 and Lactobacillus zeae Lz26. Application of inoculant as a fertiliser. The fertiliser composition contains a microbial inoculant. Application of the fertiliser composition. A method for increasing plant growth and/or productivity. A method to improve the quality of soil. Method for degraded soil or pasture recultivation.EFFECT: inventions make it possible to obtain fertilisers based on microorganisms that are effective in provision of nutrients for plant growth, and are environmentally safe.35 cl, 11 dwg, 5 tbl, 9 ex

Insert of milking machine // 2628401
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: insert of the milking machine contains a chamber defining the internal space for receiving the teat. The chamber has a polygonal cross-sectional shape perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. The polygonal cross-sectional shape has a plurality of corner portions and a plurality of side portions each connecting two of the corner portions. Each corner portion comprises an inner surface facing the inner space and having an inner radius extending from the inner space to the inner surface. The inner radius is the same for each corner section. The inner radius of each corner portion is at least 4 mm in the central part of the corner section.EFFECT: reducing teat deformation.17 cl, 11 dwg

ethod and device for determining greenhouse gases emission in ruminant animal // 2628365
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes determining the simulated function of the gases emission norm EM(t) for a ruminant animal, determining the moments of eating fodder by a ruminant animal, constructing the assumed real function of the emission norm ER(t) based on the simulated function of the emission norm and the moments of eating fodder, integration of ER(t) from T0 to T given. A device for estimating emissions of greenhouse gases is also provided, which is made with the possibility of implementing said method.EFFECT: group of inventions allows to adjust the calculations to establish the emissions of greenhouse gases in animals with knowing the moments of feeding an animal.22 cl, 4 dwg
ethod for arranging anti-erosion water-saving pipeless closed drainage on catena in moraine soils // 2628354
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for arranging an erosion-free water-saving pipeless closed drainage on the catena in moraine soils with binary deposits includes plowing the soil in paddocks across the slope to form back ridges and open furrows - furrows with bridges that trap the surface water runoff. Wherein upwards on a straight slope having an inclination of at least 15 ‰ and not more than 50 ‰, the width of each previous paddock Bi is less than the width of each subsequent one Bi+1. Before plowing the soil on the catena, the tree and shrub vegetation is removed, with cutting and removing scrub trunks, while leaving natural field- or garden protective forest belts with the subsequent marking of the placement of the open furrows between them. Thereinafter, along the planned lines of the open furrows perpendicular to the straight slope, ditches are laid with a depth not less than the calculated p-percentage probability of exceeding the soil freezing depth at the place of their laying, followed by laying in each ditch along its perimeter a tape of a fiberglass material of at least b = 2L+s, where L is the ditch slope length, and s - the ditch width along the bottom, in which fascines built of trees and shrubs and laid in the ditch on the fiberglass tape by 1/3…1/2 of its height are wrapped. Then the ditches are gathered with a full turn of the furrow slice, covering the fascines wrapped in the tape of a fiberglass material with sod, and the final plowing-in of each ditch with water-permeable soil of the binary deposits with its compacting by a caterpillar or the wheels of the used tractor is carried out. The laying of the ditches is carried out, for example, by means of a plow ditcher with broom cleaners. For laying in the ditch and wrapping the fascines, a tape of a fiberglass material of grade BB-AM according to TU 21-23-131-80 is used.EFFECT: ensuring the preservation and the expanded reproduction of soil fertility and the high efficiency of agricultural crops cultivated on a catena.3 cl

Intelligent control system for land plot, comprising roboticized self-propellant machine // 2628346
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: system includes sensor equipment, equipment for performing tasks, a control device for servicing the yard, and a robot. The sensor equipment includes one or more sensors located on a land plot. The equipment for performing tasks is performed with the possibility of accomplishing the task on this plot. The task is connected with the generation of the result, which is controlled by means of the sensor equipment. The control device for servicing the yard is made with the possibility to interact with the sensor equipment and the equipment to perform tasks for comparing the measured conditions with the necessary conditions, for controlling the operation of the equipment for performing tasks. The robot is made with the possibility of treating the plot and performing at least one of the actions as one of one or more sensors, acting as a device of the equipment for performing tasks, or interacting with the sensor equipment or the equipment for performing tasks.EFFECT: possibility to automate the control of the land plot servicing.25 cl, 7 dwg

Feeding drum with fingers displacing in axial direction // 2628344
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: feeding drum is made cylindrical and hollow, and has a shaft passing through the drum and supporting it with the possibility of rotation about the drum rotation axis. The shaft has a displaced portion extending parallel thereto and spaced apart from the drum rotation axis. The fingers extending through the feeding drum surface are fixed on the displaced shaft portion with the possibility of rotation. While rotating, the fingers are laterally displaced and compress the vegetable heap in the lateral direction inward towards the central axial part of the feeding drum.EFFECT: improving the technological process of harvesting.14 cl, 5 dwg

Drainage and humidification system // 2628341
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: drainage and humidification system includes closed drains associated with a manifold communicated with the storage pond of drain water, on the bank of which a pumping station is located, connected through a fine water filter to a system of water distribution pipelines connected to irrigation pipelines equipped with drippers-water outlets. The fine water filter represents a group of disc sprinklers installed above a filtration site comprising a waterproof corrugated base, on the surface of which a layer of filter material is placed. Along the contour of the site, a catchment groove is made, connected to a filtrate tank equipped with a pump for supplying water to the drip irrigation system. The filter material can be represented by peat mats.EFFECT: design of the drainage and humidifying system provides increasing the reliability of the drip irrigation network operation at the recycling of drainage waters on drained lands.2 cl, 2 dwg
Pyridine-n-oxides and processes for their preparation // 2628339
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: for the preparation of the 2-substituted-5-(1-alkylthio)-alkyl-pyridine-N-oxide corresponding to formula (I): where L is a single bond or R1, S and L taken together are 4-, 5- or 6-membered ring; R1 is (C1-C4) -alkyl; R2 and R3 are individually hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, fluoro, chloro or bromo; N is an integer from 0 to 3; And Y is (C1-C4)-haloalkyl; In which: (i) the enamine corresponding to formula (II): , where R1, R2, R3, L and n are as defined above; And R4 and R5 are independently C1-C8-alkyl, C2-C8-alkenyl, C1-C8-arylalkyl, C1-C8-haloalkyl, C1-C8-alkoxyalkyl, C1-C8-alkylaminoalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl, or R4 and R5, taken together with N, represent a 5- or 6-membered saturated or unsaturated ring; is condensed with an α, α-unsaturated ketone corresponding to formula (III): , where Y is as defined above; and X1 is halogen, OR6, OSO2R6, SR6, SOR6, SO2R6 or NR7R8, where R6 is hydrogen, C1-C8-alkyl, C2-C8-alkenyl, C1-C8-arylalkyl, C1-C8-haloalkyl, C1-C8-alkoxyalkyl, C1-C8-alkylaminoalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl, and R7 and R8 are independently hydrogen, C1-C8-alkyl, C2-C8-alkenyl, C1-C8-arylalkyl, C1-C8-haloalkyl, C1-C8-alkoxyalkyl, C1-C8-alkylaminoalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl, or R7 and R8 taken together with N are a 5- or 6-membered saturated or unsaturated ring; to obtain an intermediate corresponding to formula (IV): , where R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, L and n are as defined above; and (ii) the intermediate corresponding to formula (IV) is cyclized using an amine nucleophile corresponding to formula (V): H2N-X2, wherein X2 is hydroxyl, alkoxy, cyano, amino or mercaptan.EFFECT: invention enables realisation of the mentioned purpose.21 cl, 2 tbl, 7 ex
ethod for industrial cultivation of jerusalem artichoke as monoculture // 2628338
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method is in cultivating the soil, applying mineral fertilizers, planting tubers in seedbeds in the first year, carrying out inter-row cultivations, harvesting green mass and tubers. Wherein, the harvesting of tubers, autumn or spring, is carried out in a separate way, using a digger-swather, which digs out the tubers and puts them in a swath, and a combine harvester that, after drying the swaths, picks up the tubers. Part of the tubers of the planting fraction is taken to the planting module of the harvesting combine and planted.EFFECT: method allows to obtain annually high yields of tubers and green mass as well of Jerusalem artichoke while cultivating it as a monoculture, to substantially increase the heap purity and productivity, and to reduce labour costs.3 dwg
Application of immune protective stimulators for fighting with harmful bacterial organisms on cultural plants // 2628290
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: harmful bacterial organisms are selected from the group including Burkholderia glumae on rice, Candidates Liberibacter spec. and/or Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri on citrus, Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidae on kiwi fruit, Xanthomonas campestris and/or Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni on peaches, Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea and/or Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines on soy, Pseudomonas syringae and/or Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato on tomatoes, Pseudomonas syringae, Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans on cucumbers and/or Streptomyces scabies on potatoes. The immune defence stimulator is isothianil.EFFECT: invention allows the above purpose.6 cl, 2 dwg, 16 tbl
Production of n-substituted sulfoximine pyridine n-oxides // 2628287
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: to produce the N-oxidized sulfoxymine compound of formula (I) , where X is NO2, CN, COOR4 or CONH2; L is a single bond or R1, S and L taken together represent a 4-, 5- or 6-membered ring; R1 is (C1-C4) Alkyl; R2 and R3 individually denote a hydrogen atom, methyl, ethyl, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom or a bromine atom; N is an integer from 0 to 3; Y is (C1-C4) Haloalkyl, F, Cl, Br or I; and R4 is (C1-C3) Alkyl; the oxidation of the compound of formula (II) , where X, L, R1, R2, R3, n, Y and R4 are as defined above, urea hydroperoxide and trifluoroacetic anhydride.EFFECT: invention enables realise the mentioned purpose.10 cl, 2 tbl, 7 ex
ethod of destruction of water mould in water for fishing // 2628280
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method involves the addition of chlorite to fishwater, having pH in the range of 5.5 to 8.5, at a concentration of 2.5 to 200 parts per million in terms of effective chlorine dioxide. The reaction is carried out for at least 60 minutes.EFFECT: destruction of water mould is less toxic and safer than using bronopolis.2 tbl

Complex solar energy drying system, assembling, batterying and supplying heat // 2628247
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: system contains a solar greenhouse, a shelving unit (1) for accumulating solar heat, an air condenser (3), a wet dust collector (4) and tubes and valves (9.1-9.12) connecting each device, and blowers (2.1-2.3). Solar greenhouse is a frame structure with a floor made of perforated cement slabs (7). Shelving (1) for accumulating solar heat contains upper and lower air chambers (1.1), a number of tubes (1.3) for collecting and storing solar energy and a sealed chamber. Air condenser (3) is a cylindrical structure, sides of which are provided with openings for inflow and outflow of air, and the upper and lower openings of which are provided with air chambers (3.1) interconnected by air tubes (3.2). The inflow channel is provided under the solar greenhouse, and two air outlets are provided above the floor. Lower air chamber of air condenser (3) is connected to a wet dust collector (4).EFFECT: high thermal efficiency and drying speed.9 cl, 6 dwg

Insect resistant and herbicide tolerant soybean event 9582.814.19.1 // 2628099
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: selected nucleic sequence, which is the primer. A soybean plant that is resistant to Pseudoplusia includens (soybean moth), a seed for growing of the said soybean plant and a portion of a soybean plant that is resistant to Pseudoplusia includens (soybean moth) are disclosed.EFFECT: invention can effectively fight with lepidopteran insects.7 cl, 3 dwg, 8 tbl, 7 ex
ethod for morphogenesis stimulation in barley tissue culture // 2628091
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention is a method for morphogenesis stimulation in a barley tissue culture, comprising callus obtaining on a dense Murasige-Skoog medium containing 2 mg/l of dichlorophenoxyacetic acid; passage for proliferation to the medium with 1 mg/l of dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, and three weeks later - for morphogenesis induction - passaging to the medium with 1 mg/l of kinetin, 0.5 mg/l of indolylacetic acid, 0.1 mg/l of gibberellic acid. One medium (for callus proliferation or morphogenesis induction) is prepared not dense, but semi-liquid (4 g/l of agar) with addition of 5 vol % of perfluorodecalin; callus cultivation in a semi-fluid medium at constant shaking (125 rpm) for 2-3 weeks prior to callus appearance and subsequent regeneration of plants on a dense medium.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the yield of barley regeneration plants by stimulating the laying of meristematic zones in callus tissue and increasing the morphogenetic potential in callus lines with reduced regenerative capacity.1 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex

Composition with antimicrobial action for storage of dna or dna-containing preparations (versions) and its application // 2628087
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to buffer liquid compositions intended for storage of liquid DNA preparations, as well as for impregnation of porous carriers used for biological material collection and storage. The compositions include 0.5-4% of N-laurylsarcosine, 5-20 mM of EDTA, a 30-200 mM of Tris (hydroxymethyl) aminomethane, 0.04-0.4% of NaN3, as well as an effective amount of antibacterial preparation and/or a fungicide that is difenoconazole and water. The antibacterial drug is selected from pefloxacin, ofloxacin and clarithromycin.EFFECT: compositions have an enhanced antimicrobial effect, do not cause the DNA composition to lose its stabilizing properties compared to aqueous solutions of antimicrobial agents with similar concentrations.30 cl, 5 dwg, 8 tbl, 4 ex
Fluoropicolinoyl fluorides and methods of their production // 2627659
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compounds of formula: in which R is selected from the group consisting of halogen; alkyl; cycloalkyl; alkenyl; alkynyl; alkoxy and aryl substituted with 0 to 5 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, C1-C4alkyl, C1-C4haloalkyl, C1-C4alkoxy and C1-C4haloalkoxy; m is 0, 1, 2 or 3 and n is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4; in which the sum of m and n is from 1 to 4, and methods for their production.EFFECT: obtaining method improvement.29 cl, 19 ex

Pesticidal compositions and methods related thereto // 2627654
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: composition contains a molecule characterized by the following formula: .EFFECT: increasing the effectiveness of protection against pests.59 cl, 4 tbl, 199 ex

Device of the light collector // 2627642
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention has a similar device of light collector sheet containing side receiving light and side light output, as well as a variety of curved structures of light-entering material containing organic dye, decorated with the ability to absorb at least part of the light source and convert at least part of the absorbed light is transformed into light of visible range of wavelengths. Each curve structure has a convex curved part of the reception side light, bent piece on the outlet side of the light and the edge part of the output of light on the side of light output. Each curvilinear structure has a curvature and a light guide thickness configured to facilitate the transmission of the input light and the visible converted light in the direction of the edge portion of the light output to allow the light of the device to emit from the edge portion of the light output.EFFECT: this devices allow more dynamic use of the input light and more effectively drive it to plants.15 cl, 36 dwg
Bacillus megaterium 2-06-ts1 microorganisms strain as photosynthesis and plant growth energy activator // 2627608
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: Bacillus megaterium 2-06-TS1 bacterial strain is deposited in the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms FGUPGosNIIGenetika under accession number VKPM B-12402.EFFECT: invention improves the energy of seed germination, plant germination, increases root growth, as well as chlorophyll b, carotenoids and the total amount of photosynthesis pigments in plant seedlings.3 tbl
ethod for lipoaspirate processing // 2627606
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method for lipoaspirate processing is proposed. The method comprises addition of 0.25% ketotifen solution at a dose of 1 ml of solution per 20 ml of lipoaspirate prior to the lipoaspirate washing step.EFFECT: increased adipose tissue cellular fraction viability.1 ex

Loosening multilayer bit // 2627576
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: loosening multilayer bit has the convex-smooth wedge shape with triangular wings. The bit is made up of composite blocks of soft layers of low wear resistance and hard layers of high wear resistance, joined together by mating faces. Wherein the width of the soft layers is equal to or greater than the width of the hard layers. Preferably, a solder or a surfacing may be used as the bit layers. Under the influence of abrasive wear, the soft layers change the shape of the active working surface of the loosening wedges with forming brachistochrone recesses-reflectors on them. Due to the recesses-reflectors, sliding friction on the parent rock over the active part of the bit is replaced by rolling friction.EFFECT: reducing the energy comsumption of soil treatment.2 cl, 7 dwg

ethod of catching fish and marine invertebrates // 2627567
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes setting of fishing gear, the concentration of the catch with the help of light sources placed along the perimeter of the fishing vessel at the upper level parallel to the surface of water and the lower level, capturing the fishing object, lifting the fishing gear and pouring out the catch. As light sources on the lower level, high-intensity chandeliers are used, equipped with lamps of red and white colours, which are placed in the area of ship's stems and on the concentrating board at an angle of no more than 5°. Chandeliers are placed on an attractive board at an angle of 30-50°. Adjustment of the voltage applied to the light sources is carried out with a constant control of the behaviour of fishing object in the light field.EFFECT: increasing the fishing efficiency.4 dwg

Device for weaning young animals from mothers // 2627564
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device for weaning young animals from mothers includes a corral divided by a partition into two sections. One section is equipped with feeding troughs. The partition is made of bars, freely fixed with lumens on the side racks by means of staples. The soil level in the section with the feeding troughs near the partition below the soil level in the section without feeding troughs.EFFECT: increasing labour productivity in the absence of injuries to animals and personnel.2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod for pre-sowing treatment of eastern galega seeds with use of iron nanoparticles // 2627556
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for the pre-sowing treatment of eastern galega Galega orientalis Lam seeds is proposed, including their scarification. The scarified seeds are treated with a growth promoter, GAZ gibberellin, at the concentration of less than 0.001% by weight and the suspension of Fe nanoparticles at the concentration of 0.002-0.008% by weight in the mixture of a neutral catholyte with pH 9 and Eh=-350…-400 mV with tap water with pH 8 and Eh=+200…+250 mV at the ratio of 1:5 in a vacuum medium at the pressure of 650-680 mm Hg. Wherein the simultaneous stirring in a drum with the rotational speed of 10 rpm for 30-45 minutes is carried out.EFFECT: method ensures the germination activation of seeds and the increase of their germination energy.3 tbl, 3 dwg

ethod for preventing natural spread of seeds of sosnowsky's hogweed and other high-grown umbelliferae plants // 2627494
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: when carrying out the method for preventing the natural spread of seeds, the seeds are separated from the stem. Separating the seeds is carried out by means of a receiving casing. Blades with cutting edges are installed in the casing. A product pipeline is connected to the casing. The product pipeline connects the casing with a hopper. To separate the seeds, the casing is placed over the plant. The blades are put into rotation. The casing is lowered until the umbels with seeds are separated from the stem. The seeds through the product pipeline are put in the hopper.EFFECT: possibility of safe hogweed treatment at the stage of seed ripening.1 dwg
ethod of effective monitoring of grain mass contamination with destructive pests // 2627405
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: above the surface of the grain mass at a distance of 5 to 50 cm from the surface at an angle of not more than 20 degrees, a thermal imaging scanner with sensitivity of ±0.1°C and a wavelength of 2-12 microns is installed to do macro shots. The surface temperature of the grain mass is then measured, which is further irradiated with high frequency waves with a radiation frequency of 2450±50 MHz. After that, a repeated thermal imaging survey of the surface of the grain mass is carried out. The obtained thermographic data is transferred to a computer, processed and analyzed using software, which allows establishing the location of the minimum and maximum temperatures on the surface of the grain mass. If the temperature difference between the surface of the grain mass and the bodies of destructive pests is not less than 0.5°C and the magnitude of the difference in these temperatures determines the location and extent of infection with destructive pests.EFFECT: increase of accuracy, reliability and trustfulness of effective monitoring of grain mass lots contamination with destructive pests.2 dwg

Watering can // 2627321
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: watering can contains a housing, a drain pipe, an opening for liquid pouring and a handle. The handle is rotatable, preferably in the longitudinal plane. The geometric rotation axis of the handle is tilted back. The watering can is equipped with a diffuser.EFFECT: increased consumer characteristics and application convenience.2 cl, 3 dwg
Application of substituted 2,3,5,6-tetraoxabicyclo[2,2,1]heptanes as fungicidal agents and fungicidal composition based thereon // 2627309
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to substituted 2,3,5,6-tetraoxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes of general formula where R=methyl, ethyl, n-butyl, CH2C(O)OEt, n-Br-C6H4CH2, the use of these compounds as fungicidal agents and fungicidal compositions based thereon. The compositions consist of substituted 2,3,5,6-tetraoxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes of general formula I at a concentration of 0.1-99% and excipients.EFFECT: creating a new class of effective fungicidal agents and the development of fungicidal compositions that will more effectively combat fungal diseases of crops as compared to a commonly used fungicide such as triadimephon.2 cl, 1 tbl, 6 ex

echanical fruit-picking device // 2627279
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mechanical fruit-picking device contains a handle and a knife fixed on the handle. The handle is made in the form of two side plates rubberized on the outside and rigidly fixed to each other. The handle is equipped with a trigger with a torsion spring. The trigger is attached to the handle end. The fruit picking device housing is made in the form of two parallel plates. The lower end of the plates is rigidly connected to the free end of the handle. The housing is equipped with an abutment for the trigger in the middle part and with the ribbed support for a peduncle in the upper part. The knife is made in the form of the cutting segment installed between the plates on the axis. The cutting segment has an elongated hyperbolic edge and is connected by a link with a free trigger end.EFFECT: increased productivity, facilitating the fruit picking process, excluding the fruit damage and ensuring the work safety of collectors.6 dwg
4"-o,5-o-di(methylcarbamate)ivermectin, method of its production and antiparasitic agent based thereon // 2627277
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of macrolide chemistry, namely to the previously unknown 4"-O,5-O-di(methylcarbamate)ivermectin compound of formula 1: , which possesses an antiparasitic activity, as well as the method of its preparation, consisting in that ivermectin is reacted with methyl isocyanate in the presence of a molybdenum catalyst in an inert solvent at a temperature of 15°C to 60°C, preferably at room temperature. As an organic solvent, methylene chloride or chloroform is preferably used, and as a molybdenum-containing catalyst, for example, MoO2Cl2(DMF)2 is used. The invention also relates to an antiparasitic agent based on a compound of formula 1.EFFECT: production of the compound of formula 1, which has a high antiparasitic activity, allowing it to be used to create effective antiparasitic agents, which expands the range of antiparasitic agents that can be used to control parasites in both acidic and alkaline environments.6 cl, 1 tbl, 7 ex
Heterocyclyl pyridinylpyrazoles // 2627272
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heterocyclylpyridinylpyrazoles of the formula (I), in which R1-R5, X1, U, Q, W, a, b and n have the values defined as defined in the invention formula and their agrochemically active salts. Compounds of formula (I) can be used to control phytopathogenic harmful fungi in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, livestock, materials protection, household and hygiene, and to reduce the content of mycotoxins in plants and parts of plants. The invention also relates to the use of compounds of formula (I) and to method and composition for controlling phytopathogenic harmful fungi in and/or on plants or in and/or on plant seeds.EFFECT: decrease the content of mycotoxins in plants and parts of plants.10 cl, 7 tbl, 31 cl

Agricultural working machine and method of its operation // 2627204
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: agricultural working machine contains several operating units and, for the purposes of controlling and / or regulating the operating units, comprises of a control and regulation device with a display and at least one communication interface. The operating mode of the working machine is adjusted in accordance with the emotional state of the operator, which is determined during interaction with the working machine by means of at least one interface.EFFECT: expanded operating capabilities.22 cl, 4 dwg
Housing method for laying hens // 2627203
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes housing of laying hens in cage batteries from 21 weeks of life under the lighting regime, providing for stopping and supplying light 45 minutes earlier in the course of 3 days relative to the previous day with a return to the original time of stopping and supplying light in 3 days.EFFECT: increase egg production and duration of the productive period of laying hens when they are housed in cage batteries.3 tbl
Working body for soil treatment // 2627201
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: working body includes a conical ring made of a rectangular strip, spokes connecting the conical ring and the hub. There is a ring in the form of a torus installed against the inner surface of the small diameter of the conical ring behind the spokes. In the process of operation, the soil adheres to the cavity between the torus ring and the inner surface of the conical ring, forming an additional slope, which creates the conditions for the rapid release of soil from the inner surface of the conical ring.EFFECT: increased reliability and durability of the conical ring by increasing its rigidity while ensuring full deweeding and reducing the amount of dust during the ring operation.6 dwg

Heat recovery unit // 2627199
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: unit includes a supply fan (7) and an exhaust fan (4), a polymer heat exchanger (3). The unit is vertically arranged and equipped with automatic washing system. The heat exchanger is made in the form of double-wall plates, the distance between which is provided by transverse ribs made along the entire length of the plates, forming air-tight channels in the space between the walls and ribs. The plates are installed parallel to each other with a gap equal to the thickness of the plate. The material of the heat exchanger is self-supporting cellular polycarbonate.EFFECT: simplified heat exchanger structure.2 cl, 3 dwg