Agriculture and forestry and animal husbandry and hunting and trapping and fishing (A01)

A   Human necessities(304962)
A01            Agriculture; forestry; animal husbandry; hunting; trapping; fishing(78510)
A01D - Harvesting; mowing(12819)
A01L - Shoeing of animals(25)

Working element of mole plow // 2614380
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: working element of mole plow comprises a vertical knife with a drainer (2), a reamer (3), a horizontal knife (4) attached to the reamer(3) and made in the form of the wings diverging from the reamer (3) . Additional drainers (5) are installed on the wings. The reamer (3), the drainer (2) and additional drainers (5) in cross section formed in a Reuleux triangle, wherein they are oriented upwards by one of the corners in cross-section, and the other two corners of the Reuleux triangle of the reamer (3) and additional drainers (5) are located on the horizontal plane at the same axis with the horizontal knife (4).EFFECT: increased stability of mole drains.2 dwg
ultifunctional tiller // 2614379
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, in particular to tillage machines. Multifunctional tiller comprises frame with hitch attachment and side walls, milling drum with permanent and arranged there between detachable blades or teeth sections, rear spring-loaded shield with detachable ridging housings, center and side on its lower surface, and with detachable blades, detachable support wheels. Milling drum contains permanently fixed and detachable sections and has drive mechanisms in form of driveline, central reduction gear, intermediate and side gear transmissions. Tiller is equipped with removable rippers arranged below milling drum in front of its detachable sections, detachable furrow shapers made in form of spherical discs with adjustable angle of attack and installation height, arranged in front of side walls and facing by sphere concave to tiller longitudinal axis. Side walls are equipped with support wheels posts installation devices, made with possibility of installation in front of milling drum or along furrow shapers trace behind side walls. Ridging housings are made removable, and side housings are installed with controlled mid-path.EFFECT: such design solution is aimed at tiller functional capabilities expansion.1 cl, 8 dwg

Disk soil-forming section // 2614377
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: disk soil-forming section contains a bearing assembly with a rack and the shaft. On the shaft on one side of the bearing assembly, two needle disc set, the plane of which is perpendicular to the axis of the shaft. On the other side of the shaft, the spherical disc is fixed with cutout. The spherical disc is facing the convex sphere and a bearing assembly mounted within the plane of the blade to the shaft axis, and the maximum tilted disk portion opposite the notch located tangentially. The rear edge of the cutout has been rejected by an angle of up to 30° from radius to the point of its edges on the blade in the rotational direction. The angle of deviation of the radius of the rear edge does not exceed 20°. Between the bearing assembly and the spherical disc, the needle disk is installed. The vertical shaft section and the rotation axis of disc axis lie in one plane.EFFECT: increase the capacity of water-detention of cut furrows, preventing the clogging of the cut disc crop residues, increased section width.2 cl, 2 dwg

Reclamation fertilizer distributor-subsoiler // 2614371
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry. The reclamation fertilizer distributor-subsoiler of plough-layer comprises moldboard bodies fixed to the frame fertilizer dispensers with fertilizer funnels, a high-pressure fan with an air duct. The fan is tightly connected to the fertilizer funnels. In front of the moldboard bodies on racks the unilateral flat hoes-subsoilers are mounted, located at a height below the cutting plane of the moldboard bodies. The racks of the unilateral flat hoes are made knife-like with an inclination of the blade to the horizontal plane against the direction of movement at an angle of 60-65°, providing the soil layer cutting with sliding on the blade. At the rear wall of the racks the fertilizer funnels are located, connected with fertilizer distributors mounted under the flat hoes. The fertilizer funnels are tightly connected to the fertilizer distributing units and the pressure cavity of the fan. The fertilizer distributing units are made screw and mounted in the bottom of the hoppers for fertilizers. The hoppers have tight covering lids. Over the hoppers a tank for livestock wastes with reel dispensers is mounted. The drive of the fertilizer dispensers and reel dispensers is made from the PTO shaft of the tractor through a gearbox. The fan drive is made from the hydraulic motor.EFFECT: decrease in the traction resistance of the tool and the fertilizer saturation of subsurface horizon is provided.3 dwg
ethod of adaptation of regenerated strawberry plants // 2614261
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention is a method of adapting the regenerated plants of strawberries, including the adaptation phase where the regenerated plants of strawberry large-fruited in the period of adaptation to moisturize three times during the period at regular intervals freshly prepared aqueous suspension of silicon-mechanocomposite based on rice husk and green tea prepared by mixing siliceous mechanocomposite and room temperature water in a concentration of 3 g/l and subsequent infusion for 1 hour at room temperature, and in between is moistened with distilled water.EFFECT: invention can successfully acclimate strawberries macrocarpa through feeding microplants stage adaptation siliceous mechanocomposites based on rice husk and green tea.1 tbl

Event das-40278-9 aad-1, related lines of transgenic maize and their event-specific identification // 2614120
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry, namely to transgenic maize, which is resistant to herbicides 2,4-D and quizalofop, its seeds and part. Method of detecting transgenic event in maize is also disclosed, characterized by SEQ ID NO: 29, in sample using polynucleotide, which is characterized by nucleotide sequence selected from group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 1–28 and 30–33, or using set including primers. Invention also relates to polynucleotide, which provides resistance to herbicides 2,4-D and quizalofop, as well as to method of collecting offspring of corn plants containing SEQ ID NO: 29, method detection of offspring of corn plants containing feature of resistance to herbicides 2,4-D and quizalofop.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to efficiently obtain transgenic maize, which is resistant to herbicides 2,4-D and quizalofop.15 cl, 7 dwg, 29 tbl, 12 ex

echanism of tractor hook force damping in composition of machine and tractor unit // 2614070
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mechanism of the tractor hook force damping in the composition of the machine and tractor unit comprises a rigid, a flexible and a resilient power connection. The resilient power connection comprises a spring-type element attached on both sides by the brackets to the horizontal extension drawbars, which, in turn, are rigidly fixed on the tractor frame. In the resilient element center, the device for connection to the trailed machine is positioned. Support U-shaped arms embracing the spring, whose horizontal position is changed by the transversal adjustment bar, to which the inertial damper frame is rigidly fixed, are rigidly connected with the tractor frame. The inertial damper comprises the mechanical transmission made in the form of an inertial mechanism, having the flywheel rigidly fixed on the shaft, which via the flexible coupling is rigidly fixed on the gear cooperating with the rack supported by the clamping device. The gear rack is rigidly fixed on the device for connecting to the trailed machine, and the flywheel is connected by the butt with the brake device housing via the friction brake belt, with adjusting the force of the adjustment mechanism impact.EFFECT: reduction of the MTU oscillation process during tillage operations.2 dwg

Opener for broadcast seeding // 2614068
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery industry. The opener for broadcast seeding comprises a hollow tubular rack-drill tube connected with a spherical cutting blade, and a bearing. The cutting blade is mounted with the ability of rotation from contact with the soil. The hollow tubular rack-drill tube is connected to the spherical cutting blade with a washer fastened with screws. The bearing is used as a slide bearing located in the groove of the lower part of the rack-drill tube, the housing of which is in contact by the upper end with the sleeve to the projection of the rack-drill tube. The lower end is made oblique to the horizontal plane in the direction of the opener motion, is rigidly attached to the spherical cutting blade.EFFECT: life span of the opener for broadcast seeding is increased.1 dwg
Herbicidal composition comprising nicosulfuron or its salt and s-metolachlor or its salt // 2614066
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Herbicidal composition comprises (a) nicosulfuron or its salt, and (b) S-metolachlor or its salt as active ingredients.EFFECT: invention improves the efficiency of controlling the undesirable vegetation.13 cl, 9 tbl, 8 ex
ethod for minimum tillage // 2614065
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of cultivation is done by simultaneously with the processing of arable horizon at a depth of 12-35 cm with a turn right along the body of the plow layer of the soil and subsurface tillage cropping the left relative to the body of the plow layer of soil wide widths at the right seam. Moreover, in the area between these layers is carried out on the soil chiseling with width from 0.1-0.25 widths right seam at a depth of loosening of 6-12 cm.EFFECT: increased depth of soil treatment, the extent of its crumbling, plowing speed and simplify the plowing technology, energy consumption reduction, metal consumption and increase the operational reliability of the working bodies of the plow.4 cl

Pneumatic seed meter with internal drive // 2614064
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and can be used in the seed metering systems. The pneumatic seed meter for agricultural planter comprises a housing with an internal chamber, a disc mounted in it, rotatable about an axis, and an individual power source. A seed disc has a plurality of seed cells spaced radially around the axis to hold the seeds. The disc structure also has an inside gear which teeth are oriented to the disc axis. The individual power source is an electric motor. The latter has an output shaft on which the external gear is mounted. And the said external gear is engaged with the inside gear of the seed disc for direct regulation of the disc rotation speed. In addition, the output shaft axis is separated from the disc rotation axis.EFFECT: invention provides the easy replacement of the seed disc and its strong hold within the seed meter housing.18 cl, 25 dwg

Package for antimicrobial treatment // 2614063
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: package comprises: i) at least one first component comprising solid particles which comprise at least one natural oil and at least one surface-active agent; ii) at least one second component comprising a microbial pathogen antagonist, where at least one first component and at least one second component are contained in the individual cells of the said package.EFFECT: invention enables to implement the biological control of microbial infection.15 cl, 6 dwg, 16 tbl, 3 ex
Synergistic herbicidal composition containing penoxsulam and glufosinate-ammonium // 2614062
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Synergistic herbicide composition contains a herbicide-effective amount of (a) penoxsulam and (b) glufosinate-ammonium, wherein weight ratio of penoxsulam to glufosinate-ammonium ranges from 1:3.5 to 1:56.EFFECT: higher efficiency of weed control.11 cl, 6 tbl
odule for agricultural buildings and modular farm for farm animals and birds // 2614061
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agriculture, namely to structures for breeding and growing of farm animals and birds. Module for agricultural structure comprises steel carcass, at least two opposite sides of smallest area of which are covered with sheet. At least inner and/or outer surfaces of these sides have fixtures for casing. One side of adjacent to said sides of frame has floor, on opposite surface it has ceiling, places to location of equipment are made inside frame. Modular frame is made with help of at least two of said modules. Modules are connected by surfaces free from casing and in one of external walls of one of modules at least one opening is made.EFFECT: technical result achieved by group of inventions consists in creation of universal mobile device for breeding and growing of farm animals and birds, design of which enables fast change of its dimensions.13 cl

achine for grinding and inserting solid organic fertilizers into the soil // 2614060
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: machine comprises a hopper, in which a horizontal feed conveyor, grinding reel, and accelerator reel are located, and they are provided with toothed elements. Feeding horizontal conveyor is provided with cutting knives and adapted two-piece is mounted at the top of the silo above the solid organic fertilizers and is driven by a hydraulic motor. Sections of horizontal conveyors are controlled by hydraulic cylinders, working from the tractor's hydraulic system. The cutting blades are made trapezoidal belts with double-sided sharpening, the blade set at an angle of friction of the solid organic fertilizer to the direction of the moving mass of fertilizer. Cutting blades are mounted on rails placed on the conveyor in a staggered manner. The conveyors are mounted in the hopper to move vertically along the guide cylinders and their lateral control cylinders in position when lifting loading hopper. At the rear of the hopper to adjust the amount of fertilizer supplied to the chopping reel and reel-accelerator provides the privacy shutter. Chopping reel and accelerator reel are placed behind the shutter and are made from the square profile, the side walls of which are fixed toothed elements are made in the form of grinding blades trapezoidal shape and placed onto the shaft along a helix and gap between oppositely rotating knives 3…5 mm. Under the reels screw-valve is mouned, placed in the grill housing and having a different winding direction from the center. Distributor screw length is bigger than the hopper's width. To the bottom of the hopper by means of leads, the harrow is mounted, controlled by hydraulic cylinders. The reel and screw drive are made by hydraulic motors working on the hydraulic system of the tractor.EFFECT: uniform distribution of organic fertilizers in the root zone of the soil, reducing the energy intensity of fertilizer application.2 dwg

Plough // 2614059
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: plough includes mouldboard-plowshare housings and cutters with the vertical rotation axis installed behind them. Wherein the cutters are mounted on the back side of the mouldboards, which provides dumping the milled soil to the furrow bottom, covering it with unmilled soil and thereby protecting the milled soil from water and wind erosion. The subsequent pre-sowing milling of the unmilled soil forms the whole arable layer of the milled soil.EFFECT: minimizing the removal of soil contaminants together with harvested root crops and potatoes by machines of digging-out type.3 dwg

ethod of soil cultivation for root vegetables and potatoes // 2614058
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method comprises the autumn plowing and spring presowing (preplant) milling. In the autumn, before appearing of the soil trimmed with shingles on the surface, milling is carried out, milled soil formed by the front shingles-dumping housing is dropped to the bottom of grooves, and the remaining part of the untouched soil, cover milled soil descending from the surface of the dump. In spring soil cultivation period before sowing or planting the untouched part of the soil is milled to a depth of previously milled solid.EFFECT: method provides milled soil protection from wind and water erosion.2 dwg

Device for cleaning corn cobs from wraps // 2614019
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a frame (14), an electric motor (12), V-belt transmission (10), lead (11) and driven (8), pulleys, bearings (1 and 9), the disc tray (6), Vise (2 and 7 ), the front cover, the metal and the rubber rollers (13 and 15), the working section of the drum. The angle of inclination to the horizontal loading chute (6) is twice bigger than the angle of inclination of the snare. The walls of the inner cavity of the reel is formed by the scraping teeth (16 and 20) and two rows of symmetrically arranged therein spring-loaded (19) arms (17 and 18) with shortened relative scraping tooth combs throughout length of the reel to reset purified wrapper on the inclined bottom with openings to the down and peeled cobs through the bottom outlet screen o the reel - in suitable containers.EFFECT: increased intensity and completeness of cleaning ears of corn from the skin.2 dwg
ethod for increasing viability of eggs, larvae and juvenile fish // 2613971
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method involves incubating the eggs, maintaining the pre-larvae and rearing the larvas in mineral water depleted in deuterium with a concentration of 4-136 ppm. The juveniles are also grown in deuterium-depleted water with a concentration of 4-136 ppm.EFFECT: increasing the viability of eggs, larvae and juvenile fish.1 tbl

Trap for bees // 2613966
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: trap for bees includes the housing with the tap hole, the frame with the honeycomb, and the cover. The housing is made with the possibility of mounting Dadant half-frames at three levels by 6-8 frames at each level. Frames with empty honeycombs are installed on the upper level. On the middle one, 2-4 frames with empty honeycomb are installed, and the others - with wax, wherein the frames with empty honeycomb are installed in the middle, and the frames with wax - on the edges. On the lower level, frames with wax are installed.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of catching swarms and expanding the trap functionalities.2 dwg

Batcher-vault destructer for bunker of oniony seeder // 2613946
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: batcher-vault destructer for the bunker of the oniony seeder includes pivotally mounted in the hopper above the sowing apparatus cover. The last one oscillates in the vertical direction actions in the feeding zone for the sowing seed material coil. Amplitude (A) of the cover is less than the diameter fluctuations bulb onion set. Cover oscillation frequency is twice the frequency of rotation of the shaft sowing apparatus.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the injury of the onion sets and to improve the uniformity of its expiry to seizures sowing coil.2 dwg
Device for small laboratory animals purposeful activity research // 2613787
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: device for small laboratory animals purposeful activity research includes a labyrinth and a control computer. The research labyrinth is equipped with electrified conductive flooring and optical stimuli, and is made with the starting compartment, equipped with a hinged transparent door and radial compartments. Radial compartments are formed opposite to the starting compartment at equal angles to each other, providing visual perception of any of the available optical stimuli placed in radial compartments. The number of radial compartments exceeds two. The control computer is configured to randomly select one of the radial compartments and issue a command to switch it to an optical stimulus, as well as commands to supply current to the electrified floors in the remaining radial compartments and to unlock the transparent door of the starting compartment.EFFECT: reduced time of a conditioned reflex to avoid the punishment of in case of the right action.1 dwg

Insecticidal proteins // 2613778
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to constructed insecticidal Cry1Ba protein, active against European corn borer, to the encoding nucleic acid, to the structure comprising the above nucleic acid, as well as insecticidal compositions containing the above protein. A recombinant expression vector, a host cell, a plant and a seed comprising the above structure are also disclosed. The invention also relates to a method for controlling corn borer, comprising corn borer bringing into contact with an effective amount of insecticidal Cry1Ba protein.EFFECT: invention can effectively fight the corn borer.14 cl, 2 dwg, 9 tbl, 10 ex

Wide-coverage agricultural unit // 2613500
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: into the unit structure the technological wheels (23) with lanyards are introduced, mounted on pivoting bars (5), as well as the rollers with levers and lanyards, mounted behind on the sections (18 and 21) with the modules of working bodies (19), which allows to adjust the tillage depth by means of changing the lanyards length. U-shaped leads (17) are mounted directly on the trailed device (1), with the possibility of leading by means of them the front ends of the rear - long (16) parts of the extensions (7) behind the front transport wheels (6).EFFECT: simplified design of the unit coupling.2 cl, 4 dwg

ilking unit // 2613499
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: milking unit comprises two-chamber teat cups, a collector, milk tank, pulsator with pulsing and stimulating blocks, control device for the milking unit operation comprising a milk trap and control chamber, within which there is a movable member installed. The movable member is designed as a two-channel camshaft. One channel is capable of communicating the alternate vacuum chamber of the stimulating pulsator with atmospheric pressure when moving the milk trap to the top position. The second channel is capable of communicating the alternating vacuum chamber of the stimulating pulsator with vacuum pressure when moving the milk trap to the down position. There is a weight on one side of the camshaft. There is the milk trap on the other side of the camshaft. The milk trap is equipped with its movement limit stops in the end positions, installed in the control device for milking unit operation.EFFECT: simplified design of the milking unit.1 dwg

Device for operator protection against injuries during veterinary-sanitary measures // 2613492
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a housing, jaws, a jaw moving mechanism and locking mechanism. The jaw moving mechanism is made up of two gears which are in constant mesh. Each gear is rigidly associated with a respective jaw. The locking mechanism is designed as spring-loaded toothed discs. The movable disk is rigidly connected with the pinion gear. The fixed disc is made integral with the rod. The both discs are designed in such a way that they can rotate the movable disc when the jaws approach and lock when the movable disc changes its direction to the opposite.EFFECT: improved operator safety during veterinary-sanitary measures.3 dwg
ethod for proportionally differential fertilization // 2613468
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes sampling for analysis, determination of plant food elements in soil samples. Proportionally differential fertiliser ratio is calculated with provision for the initial content of plant food elements in soil. The proportionally differential fertiliser ratio is introduced automatically using modern navigation tools. Soil sampling for agrochemical analysis is performed individually at intersections of grid lines with each other and with the boundaries of interfield plots which are pre-planned in the cartographic field contour. The onboard computer of the aggregate measures the distance from its location along the trajectory to the nearest pair coordinate point with a relatively increased content of plant food element in soil, expressed in unit fractions of the distance between the pair points, and the proportionally differential ratio of the applied fertiliser is calculated according to a certain relationship.EFFECT: increased accuracy of fertiliser application.3 dwg

ethod for drying seeds // 2613466
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: material is loaded, circulated, periodically laid and affected by heated and unheated drying agent, dried, cooled and discharged. The duration of exposure the material to the heated and unheated drying agent is calculated based on the mass transfer conditions for the dehydration area. Wherein the auger performance is directly proportional to the capacity of the drying chamber and inversely proportional to the ventilation cycle duration.EFFECT: increased drying efficiency.1 dwg, 1 ex
ethod of production of biologically active triterpenic acids amount of wood green of siberian fir (abies sibirica) by extraction with biopolyar extraction fluid // 2613463
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of extraction of biologically active amount of natural compounds. The method of production of biologically active triterpenic acids amount of wood green extract of Siberian fir (Abies Sibirica) comprises sequential extraction of air-dry ground wood green of fir with a mixture of a hydrocarbon solvent with a polar water-soluble solvent in a ratio of 1:1 at room temperature. The extract is diluted with water to 15% by the extract volume to separate the extract into two layers, the lower layer is separated and concentrated.EFFECT: invention enables to reduce the number of process steps to 4, to increase the product yield by 30% and to increase the wheat yield by 25-34%, to increase the plant productivity.2 cl, 4 dwg, 3 tbl, 7 ex
Pneumatic seeding apparatus for bed sowing // 2613462
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: pneumatic seeding apparatus for bed sowing comprises seed bin, vertically mounted on axis sowing disc with through conical cells arranged on it in rows and branch pipe with nozzle attached to air duct. Branch pipe and nozzle are made with threaded connection. In nozzle action zone following disc inner surface arc-shaped gate is installed. Latter is installed with possibility of longitudinal displacement relative to disc axis and fixation in specified position. Under sowing disc colter with funnel is installed.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce device re-adjustment operational time.1 cl, 3 dwg

Device with tapered brush for embedding bulbs in furrow // 2613460
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: embedding unit has tapered brushes with flexible bristles fixed along the generatric lines of the tapered holder, with the ability to rotate towards each other. At that, the flexible bristles has stiffness greater than the shear modulus of the soil prepared for planting. And the tapered brush of the embedding unit is located at an angle to the embedding furrow.EFFECT: invention enables to improve the quality of embedding the bulbs in the furrow and the yield of onion.1 dwg

Fruit picker // 2613459
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: fruit picker comprises a handle and a knife mounted on it. Fruit picker is provided with a support plate and a ring with a receiving bag. The device is made in a conical tip, knife - in the form of two coaxially placed with the cylindrical blade and the counter-cutting edges. A cutting blade is mounted on the handle with a possibility of translational-rotational movement. Both blades on the opposite side from the base area are provided with a V-neck. Working edge of the cutting blade is made in a hyperbolic shape. The ring with a receiving bag is mounted to the counter-cylindrical blade from a basic platform.EFFECT: increased productivity, facilitating the assembly of fruit, excluding fruit damage and ensure safety collectors.2 cl, 2 dwg
Disc towed harrow // 2613457
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry. The disc towed harrow comprises a hitch tongue, a frame, a frame alignment mechanism, transport wheels, hydraulic cylinders of lifting and lowering the disc sections. Two front and two rear beams are mounted on the frame at an angle to each other with the ability to change the angle of attack. The disc sections are mounted on the beams with the ability of rotation. On the shaft flanges the spherical half-discs are fixed with bolts and nuts, which form a spherical toothed working disc. Scrapers are mounted between the working discs. On both sides of the frame sidewalls, close to its front and rear parts, two vertical plates parallel to each other are welded, having the aligned holes in the longitudinal horizontal plane. Between the plates, an eye bar is hingedly mounted by a pin, having horizontal and vertical openings. The eye bar axes are crossed at a right angle. In the vertical opening of the eye bar through the pin welded to the front and rear beams from the sidewalls of the frame, a disc section is attached with the ability of rotation about the axis of the vertical opening of the eye bar in the horizontal plane. The free ends of the front and rear beams with the disc sections mounted on them by the pin welded to the free end of the front and rear beams are pivotally interconnected by means of a double-acting hydraulic cylinder.EFFECT: reduced load influencing the cantilever ends of the beams with disc sections is provided.2 cl, 5 dwg

Upper sieve for cleaning combine harvester // 2613456
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery industry. The upper sieve for cleaning the grain combine harvester comprises two segments of adjusted comb blinds forming the main zone of the sieve 1 and an extension cord 2. At the end of the extension cord 2 in the corner areas there are windows 3 closed with grids 4, forming zones of lowered resistance to air flow. The grids 4 closing the windows 3 are formed by transverse inclined plates 5 fixedly mounted at an angle of 30-50° to the extension cord 2 plane. The upper sieve for cleaning the grain combine harvester enables to reduce tailing losses behind the extension cord 2 of the upper sieve and to ensure easy removal of light straw fraction beyond the cleaning area.EFFECT: invention promotes to cleaning.9 cl, 7 dwg
Energy saving device for cooling milk with use of artificial and natural cold and ecologically safe coolant with low temperature freezing // 2613454
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a receiverof natural cold, located outdoors and provided with the outdoor temperature sensor, coolant temperature sensor with low freezing point, a fan for cooling the intensification of environmentally safe refrigerant with low freezing point. The receiver is connected via a solenoid valve and a bypass channel with an inlet coolant with a low temperature heat exchanger of the first freezing section. Output passage opening is connected to the receiver of the natural cold and forms a second closed loop of a heat exchanger. A temperature sensor of the environmentally safe refrigerant with a low freezing point is set at the outlet passage opening . Solenoid valves, pumps, fans, outdoor temperature sensor, temperature sensors of the environmentally safe refrigerant with a low freezing point are electrically connected to the control unit.EFFECT: improved the reliability and energy efficiency of the installation.1 dwg

ethod and device for determining optimal excess air pressure against harmful microorganisms in air of poultry and livestock buildings // 2613453
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is intented for disinfection of premises in the poultry and livestock industry. The temperature and relative humidity of the internal air spaces are measured for controlling of harmful organisms . The time is set up depending on the bacterial number and combinations of temperature and relative humidity of the ambient medium with the productivity of livestock. The simulated signal of the air pressure and the range of its variation are configured. The pressure of internal air spaces is measured. The measured and the calculated optimum pressure is compared. Air pressure is adjusted. Harmful germs and bacteria are squeezed out forcibly with the excess air pressure of the internal space. The device contains sensors of temperature, relative humidity and air pressure of the internal spaces, a block of setting devices, a computing unit, an evaluator, a comparison circuit as a part of the controller, an actuating element of the pressure control based on the fan.EFFECT: group of inventions allows to increase the disinfection accuracy of premises in the poultry and livestock industry.2 cl, 3 dwg
5-fluoro-4-imino-3-(substituted)-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1h)-one derivatives, composition based thereon and method for controlling fungal diseases // 2613451
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Fungicidally active compound of formula I: formula I, wherein R1 represents: C1-C6-alkyl, optionally having as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R3; C1-C6-alkenyl, optionally having as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R3; C3-C6-alkynyl, optionally having as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R3; phenyl or benzyl, wherein each phenyl or benzyl can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4, or a system of 5- or 6-member saturated or unsaturated rings, or condensed system consisting of 5- and 6-member rings, or condensed system of 6-6-member rings, each system includes from 1 to 3 heteroatoms, and each ring can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4, -(CHR5) mOR6; -C(=O)R7; -C(=S)R7; -C(=O)OR7; -C(=S)OR7; -S(O)2R7; -(CHR5)mN(R8)R9; -C(=O)N(R8)R9; or -C(=S)N(R8)R9; where m is an integer from 1 to 3; R2 represents: H; or C1-C6-alkyl, optionally having as substitutes radical R3; R3 independently represents a halogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C1-C4-haloalkyl, C1-C4-alkoxy, C1-C4-halogenalkoxy, C1-C4-alkylthio, C1-C4-halogenalkylthio, amino, halogenthio, C1-C3-alkylamino, C2-C6-alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C6-alkylcarbonyl, C2-C6-alkylaminocarbonyl, hydroxyl, C3-C6-trialkylsilyl, or a system of 5- or 6-member saturated or unsaturated rings, or condensed system consisting of 5- and 6-member rings, or condensed system of 6-6-member rings, each system includes from 1 to 3 heteroatoms and each ring can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4; R4 independently represents a halogen, C1-C6-alkyl, C1-C6-haloalkyl, C1-C6-alkoxy, C1-C6-halogenalkoxy, C1-C6-alkylthio, C1-C6-halogenalkylthio, halogenthio, amino, C1-C6-alkylamino, C2-C6-dialkylamino, C2-C6-alkoxycarbonyl, C1-C6-alkylsulphonyl or C2-C6-alkylcarbonyl, nitro, hydroxyl or cyano; R5 represents H, C1-C6-alkyl, C1-C6-alkoxy, phenyl or benzyl, wherein each phenyl or benzyl can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4; R6 represents H, C1-C6-alkyl, C2-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C1-C6-haloalkyl, C1-C6-alkoxyalkyl, C2-C6-alkylcarbonyl, phenyl or benzyl, wherein each phenyl or benzyl can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4, or a system of 5- or 6-member saturated or unsaturated rings, or condensed system consisting of 5- and 6-member rings, or condensed system of 6-6-member rings, each system includes from 1 to 3 heteroatoms and each ring can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4, biphenyl or naphthyl, optionally having as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4; R7 represents H, C1-C6-alkyl, C2-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C1-C6-haloalkyl, C1-C6-alkoxyalkyl, phenyl or benzyl, wherein each phenyl or benzyl can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4, or a system of 5- or 6-member saturated or unsaturated rings, or condensed system consisting of 5- and 6-member rings, or condensed system of 6-6-member rings, each system includes from 1 to 3 heteroatoms and each ring can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4, biphenyl or naphthyl, optionally having as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4; R8 represents H, C1-C6-alkyl, C1-C6-haloalkyl, C1-C6-alkoxyalkyl, C2-C6-alkylcarbonyl, phenyl or benzyl, wherein each phenyl or benzyl can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4, or a system of 5- or 6-member saturated or unsaturated rings, or condensed system consisting of 5- and 6-member rings, or condensed system of 6-6-member rings, each system includes from 1 to 3 heteroatoms and each ring can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4, biphenyl or naphthyl, optionally having as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4; and R9 represents H, C1-C6-alkyl, C1-C6-haloalkyl, C1-C6-alkoxyalkyl, C2-C6-alkylcarbonyl, or benzyl, wherein benzyl can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4; alternatively, R8 and R9 can together form a 5- or 6-member saturated or unsaturated ring containing from 1 to 3 heteroatoms, each ring can optionally contain as substitutes from 1 to 3 radicals R4.EFFECT: higher efficiency of controlling plant fungal diseases.17 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

Screw hillers // 2613428
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Screw hiller consists of a shaft, two partial coils with the profile of the Archimedes spiral with a decreasing radius from start to finish, and a pitch of the first round, three times the pitch of the second, and the propeller-blade. And downstream of movement hiller supply cylindrical casing set at a minimum distance from the propeller-blade and two-centimetric clearance of uncultivated soil surface.EFFECT: invention allows to push the soil from the scope of its interaction with the coils and improve the performance of agricultural equipment.1 dwg

Spring-lever corrector of adhesion weight for wheel-tyre tractors // 2613390
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: spring-lever corrector of the adhesion weight for the wheel-tyre tractor is designed as a trailer reloading device consisting of a hydrocylinder with a forked guide mounted on the bottom of the tractor transmission case, a U-shaped load frame mounted in the hinge of the bearing bracket with the middle part of the pull-rods, and a pressing unloading machine formed of two flat springs of the multi-leaf type, and a transmitting reactive thrust with the rubber bushings. In this case two flat springs are installed at the top and on the bottom of the front steering axle, their adjacent ends are connected through the eyelets by the transmitting reactive thrust with the rubber bushings, and the subsequent end of the upper spring with the eyelet is combined by the bolted joint to the pull rod upper section of the load frame, and the lower spring is installed in the hinge of the bearing bracket fixed by the bolted joints on the tractor frame.EFFECT: invention increases the passability, resistance to turnover, operating and performance safety, reduces slipping of the wheel-tyre tractors.3 dwg

ethod for wooded slope erosion protection // 2613371
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method provides erosion protection of a wooded slope by improving the wooded slope resilience to landslide and erosion wash-out development. At that, the trees on the wooded slope, growing in close proximity (~1-2 m) from the apical and the coastal areas of the landslide and erosion wash-out, a cut off and dumped in the wash-out channel, thus creating permeable dams in the channel by the felled trees. The majority of trees from coastal areas is dumped in the wash-out channel crowns upstream.EFFECT: method allows to increase efficiency of wooded slope erosion protection against landslide processes.2 dwg
ethod of measuring of morphological trait of plants for relative quality assessment of environment // 2613288
FIELD: measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of the ecology and can be used for the assess the degree of pollution, such as urban areas or forest area. The method includes measuring of morphological characteristic of drooping birch and comparing the obtained value with the value characteristic of the background area. Measure the diameter of the trunk in two mutually perpendicular directions north-south and east-west and calculate the ratio of the values obtained. Besides the smaller this ratio is, the lower the quality of the environment is.EFFECT: method allows to increase the sensitivity of detection when the year-round use, allows you to determine the quality of the environment, not only this year but also in all previous years.1 tbl, 1 ex

Autonomous device for collection of bee venom // 2613287
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: autonomous device for collection of bee venom consists of a power supply unit and a unit for generating stimulation pulses of bees, comprising a multivibrator, an amplifier connected to the venom-receiving device with wired communication lines. The structure of the unit for generating stimulation pulses of bees also includes a modulator, a pulse duration setting device, a setting device of pause between the pulses, a modulating oscillation frequency setting device, an oscillation amplitude setting device. The power supply unit is a solar panel, an accumulator battery and a charge and discharge controller of the accumulator battery. In the unit for generating stimulation pulses of bees the multivibrator is connected with the pulse duration setting device, the setting device of pause between the pulses, the modulator, and it in turn is connected to the modulating oscillation frequency setting device, the amplifier which in turn is connected to the oscillation amplitude setting device. In the power supply unit the solar panel is connected to the charge and discharge controller of the accumulator battery, which is connected to the accumulator battery, and the power supply unit is connected to the unit for generating stimulation pulses of bees.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain autonomously bee venom in areas that do not have central power supply, for example in the field or in the forest.1 dwg

Disc plough body // 2613285
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural and forestry machine-building. The disc plough body comprises a rack, a spherical disc mounted freely on bearings, which has a hole concentric to the axis, and an additional working tool in the form of a spherical disc. The spherical disc is mounted on the hub. The additional working tool is rigidly fixed to the axis driven to rotation by the shaft connected to the axis by a chain transmission. The shaft has toothed gearing with the hub. The spherical disc and the additional working tool rotate in opposite directions.EFFECT: disc plough body providing improved quality of overturning and safety of soil.2 dwg
ethod of chicken eggs incubation of meat and egg cross // 2613282
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: incubation of chicken eggs of meat and egg cross is carried out with 1 to 3.5 days at a temperature of 37.8-38.0 °C, humidity - 61-64%, with 3.5 for 11.5 days - 37.7- 37.8 °C, humidity - 50-54%, from 18.5 to 11.5 days - 37.4-37.5 °C, humidity - 38-42%. At 6.5, 8.5, 11.5 days the single egg cooling is carried out to a temperature of 32 °C, from 12 to 18 days eggs are daily cooled to a temperature of 30 °C.EFFECT: increase in egg hatchability, their output and safety of young animals.10 tbl

Device for digging planting material with soil clod // 2613276
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device includes a supporting body, eyelets for the body attachment to the handler arm, two identical gripping jaws, a support platform. The gripping jaws consist of a digging down bracket and two bearing strips of a variable radius attached thereto with a roller between the strips, they are placed on swivel bearings and rotatable in a vertical plane and horizontally movable with the help of connection of the swivel bearings with hydraulic cylinders through levers.EFFECT: improved quality and efficiency of digging planting material, the root system of which is covered by a soil clod, with the possibility of preparation of planting spots for planting material.5 dwg

Planting unit for sowing germinated pumpkin seeds by dotted-cluster method // 2613251
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: planting unit for sowing germinated pumpkin seeds by dotted-cluster method involves a seed box with a sowing conveyor mounted in the side wall of the seed box at an angle to the horizon and having cells, guides and a reflector. The cells in the conveyor are designed as recesses with the shape and size of the sown crop seed, the cells in the cross section of the sowing conveyor are offset from each other by half the length of the cell, the cell depth is equal to the mean thickness of the sown crop seed. The cell length and width is determined by certain mathematical expressions. Spillway openings with the diameter of 0.4 cell width are made in the central part of the cell. The guides, placed between the cells, are fixed above the sowing conveyor. The thickness of the guides is equal to the average thickness of the sown crop seed. The upper branch of the conveyor has a support on the pallet. A brush reflector is provided at the top of the seed box near the drive unit of the sowing conveyor, the drive unit is coupled with a seed duct. The length S of the sowing conveyor, required for one hundred percent filling of the cells, is in the range of 200-250 mm. The seed box of the sowing unit is made detachable to allow for mounting and dismantling the sowing conveyor.EFFECT: invention allows to improve operational reliability of pumpkin sowing and to increase yield.2 dwg

Device for soil loosening // 2613237
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the agricultural machinery industry. The device for loosening the soil contains the drive, the frame, and the processing rotor with teeth. The rotor is made in the form of sectors. The outer upper edge of the sectors is connected movably to hydrocylinders by which the position of sectors is regulated. The frame is equipped with racks with support wheels for independent movement.EFFECT: invention provides the increasing efficiency of soil treatment.4 dwg

Pollen delivery device and method for directed pollination // 2612914
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agriculture, namely to device and methods of delivery of pollen in process of directed pollination during growing of maize plants. Device for directed pollination of maize plant comprises rigid tube with first end, second end and channel set between them. Rigid tube is made to accommodate whisk of maize plant through hole near first end and interaction with axis of cob of maize plant near second end. Channel formed by rigid tube determines distance between whisk and cob axis to allow transfer of pollen from whisk to cob axle. Rigid tube can be made telescopic to allow adjustment of total length of rigid tube. Device has insulating bags, one of which is attached to first end of rigid tube to accommodate whisk of maize plant, second insulating bag is attached to second end to accommodate cob of maize plant. Device can contain fan to direct air to whisk in assistance to pollen transfer over channel to cob axis. In methods of directed pollination of maize device for directed cross pollination between different plants of one type and plants of different types is used.EFFECT: group of inventions enables directed pollination including cross pollination with lowest time-consuming.23 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of increasing life span of molluscs abra segmentum under conditions of hypoxia for period from 4 to 14 days // 2612913
FIELD: medicine; biology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to applied physiology and morphology of hydrobionts, malacology, experimental medicine and physiology and concerns method of increasing life span of molluscs Abra segmentum under conditions of hypoxia for period from 4 to 14 days. Presented method in conditions of hypoxia involves placing individuals of molluscs Abra segmentum in tightly closed crystallizing dish with sea water and addition of synthetic leu-enkephalin with concentration: 10-8 mol/l – 10-10 mol/l.EFFECT: invention can be used in studying of hydrobiology, sports and labor medicine, as well as for studying of increasing body resistance in conditions of extreme medium factor – hypoxia.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of biotechnological processing of droppings in poultry farming // 2612911
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in processing of fresh chicken droppings. Method involves mixing of bird droppings with moisture-absorbing materials and composting stimulator based on microorganisms and its introduction into substrate. Composting is carried out at temperature of ambient medium and active aeration for 5–7 days. Wherein composting stimulator is consortium of soil microorganisms Trichoderma viridae, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azomonas agilis 1:1:2 with concentration of Azotobacter chroococcum – 2×105 CFU/ml, Azomonas agilis – 4.3×105 CFU/ml, Trichoderma viride – 1.5×104 CFU/ml. As water-absorbing material sawn off hardwood is used in amount, providing specified moisture content of compost mixture, and composting stimulator is introduced into substrate in form of mixture of excrements and sawdust or wood chips in ratio of 1:2.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to restore soil fertility, reducing environmental contamination in area of poultry enterprise.1 cl, 3 tbl
 
2550897.
Up!