Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places (A62C3)

ethod of firefighting using a nano-powder and device for its implementation (versions) // 2607770
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to nanotechnologies in field of fire-fighting equipment. Method of firefighting with a nano-powder comprises delivering a shell with the firefighting powder to the fire seat using a thrower, destruction of said shell and supplying of firefighting substance to the fire seat in the form of nano-powder.EFFECT: proposed technical solution relates to the throwing firefighting means.3 cl, 4 dwg
Device to extinguish fire in high-rise buildings // 2605986
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment, specifically to devices for fire extinguishing in high-rise buildings, mounted on automobile hoisting devices, automotive stairs, with fire extinguishing liquid spraying, mainly water, on burning surface and flame with moving outlet elements rotated by reaction jet. Device for extinguishing fire in high-rise buildings consists of a head part with a sprinkler of fire extinguishing liquid, a rod and hydraulic cylinder to change position of rod relative to horizon. Head part consists of two links: fixed and movable. Fixed link is attached to rod. Movable link is turned in horizontal plane by required angle of ±90°, on which freely rotates under action of reaction of fire-extinguishing liquid jet of wheel sprayer. Wheel is fitted with 2 ore more nozzles for spraying. Movable link is fitted with three video cameras with a common viewing angle at 360° in horizontal plane and at 120–140° in vertical plane. Rod is fitted with a loudspeaker and microphone in protected cases for two-way communication with people, in room.EFFECT: technical result is ensuring coverage of flame and burning surfaces in entire room, creation of effect of volume fire-fighting; monitoring of fire situation in room with help of video surveillance.9 cl, 3 dwg

Fire-extinguishing agent and fire-extinguishing method using same // 2605565
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a fire-extinguishing agent, as well as a fire-extinguishing method, fire-extinguisher and fire-extinguishing system, using said agent. Fire-extinguishing agent contains a biological surfactant, specifically a lipopeptide compound or salt thereof.EFFECT: agent exhibits excellent extinguishing property and is characterised by high safety for environment and human body.5 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 10 ex

Territorial system for monitoring, warning and control of municipal and/or object level upon threat, occurence, during and at elimination of emergency situations // 2605505
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automated systems for monitoring of objects state and ambient environment and public warning. Hardware-software system includes interface and control device, peripheral devices controllers, central post dispatcher automated workstation, terminal devices in form of commands generating sources, warning devices and actuating devices. Interface and control device includes RS 232/485 interface unit, interface unit with local area network, speech synthesizer unit, MP3 files playback unit, remote devices bus unit, supply voltage control unit, clock station unit, telephone interface unit, GSM unit, “Tricolor” television broadcast network signals receiving unit, intercoms control unit, radio station control unit, tone frequency channels unit, display unit. Each unit is independent device with own microcontroller. Units are interconnected by system bus.EFFECT: technical result of invention is increasing efficiency, reliability and accuracy of emergency situations occurrence risk determination and efficiency of public alerting on ocurred situation.20 cl, 2 dwg

Sprinkler for fire fighting installation // 2605113
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment and can be used in water and air-water sprinkler systems, as well as in drencher systems. Sprinkler fire fighting installation consists of a water supply of a network of main and distribution pipelines with sprinkler heads. Spray cup of sprinkler can be made in form of a hemisphere with an inner cavity, equidistant and congruent to outer spherical surface of Cup. Spray cup of sprinkler can also be made in form of a truncated cone with an inner cavity, directed towards a sleeve and made in form of a surface of a truncated cone, equidistant and congruent to outer surface of cup.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of fire extinguishing ensured by introducing high-speed elements in common circuit for automatic fire extinguishing system.1 cl, 2 dwg

Spraying head // 2604574
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to spraying head intended for fire extinguishing. Spraying head includes connecting part, body of spraying head with at least one nozzle, and thermally activated starting device, at that said body of spraying head is installed in connecting part and is configured to move between two positions; first position, wherein spraying head is inactive, and second position wherein body of spaying head is protruded in ready position before activation of thermally activated starting device, at that said body of spraying head is movable under pressure of substance relative to connecting part from first position to second position, locking device therein is mounted between body of spraying head and connecting part, and adapted to retain body of spraying head in first position until pressure of substance does not exceed specified value, locking device therein comprises first annular groove on outer part of body of spraying head and second annular groove on inner section of connecting part, while between first annular groove and second annular groove in first position there is lock member.EFFECT: fire extinguishing.15 cl, 3 dwg

ethod for adaptive fire hazard monitoring and adaptive suppression, system therefor // 2604300
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: method for adaptive fire hazard monitoring and adaptive suppression, system for its implementation are intended for multiple-factor control of medium of protected object for early fire detection and localisation thereof in optimal modes of consumption of fire extinguishing agent. Adaptive control and adaptive extinguishing is provided by information executing grouping of autonomous signal-launching devices with input/output address channels, combined by means of system interface. Grouping can independently generate around fire source a group signal-launching devices with higher sensitivity to fire factors and extinguishing by means of controlled actuators (sprinklers, powder modules etc).EFFECT: technical result is characterised by low consumption of fire-extinguishing substance, short process of extinguishing, minimisation of harmful effects of fire.2 cl, 2 dwg

Emergency situation development at explosive facility predicting device // 2603949
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical and general machine building, in particular to safety systems, preventing development of emergency situation. Explosive facility mockup is installed in test box. By mockup internal and external perimeters video cameras in explosion-proof design are installed. In mockup ceiling part opening is made, closed with explosion-proof element. Between mockup ceiling part and damping elements inductive displacement sensor is installed, connected to recording equipment.EFFECT: technical result of invention is increase in efficiency of process equipment and human resources protection from emergencies due to possibility of emergency situations development prediction in case of accident at explosive facility.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of emergency situation development prediction at explosive facility // 2603827
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical and general machine building, in particular to safety systems, preventing development of emergency situation. Disclosed is method of emergency development prediction during accident on explosive facility, consisting in, that using monitoring system with obtained information on hazardous area processing for making decision on emergency situation preventing. Explosive facility mockup is installed in test box, and along its internal and external perimeters video cameras are arranged for video monitoring of emergency situation development process during accident on explosive facility, which is simulated by mounting explosive splintery element with explosion trigger in mockup. Video cameras are made in explosion-proof version, and outputs from video cameras are connected through spacers inner cavity to unit, by means of which the processes of change of parameters in the model are recorded and registered. Registering changes of process parameters in explosive facility mockup recorded waveform processes by means of system analyzers, and in mockup ceiling part opening is made, which is closed with explosion-proof element, installed freely on three resilient pins, one end of each of which is rigidly fixed in mockup ceiling, and at second horizontal bar is fixed between explosive fragmentation element and opening. Installing three-dimensional pressure sensor in explosion-proof design, which output is connected to recording and registering equipment unit input, and at both sides of pressure transmitter temperature and humidity sensors are installed, controlling temperature and humidity conditions in mockup, which outputs are also connected to recording and registering equipment unit input, and mockup enclosures inner and outer surfaces are with glued strain sensors, which outputs are also connected to recording and registering equipment hardware input. After processing of obtained experimental data forming data base on emergency situation development in case of accident at explosive facility and drawing up mathematical model, forecasting emergency prevention in case of accident at explosive facility.EFFECT: technical result is increase in efficiency of process equipment and human resources protection from emergencies due to possibility of emergency situations development prediction in case of accident at explosive facility.1 cl, 2 dwg

Self-contained gas fire extinguishing box-type plant // 2603755
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to self-contained gas fire extinguishing plant. Gas fire extinguishing self-contained box-type unit, made in form of housing, on front panel of which liquid crystal display is located, power switch buttons. Inside housing are rigidly mounted and connected to each other power supply unit, storage batteries, fire-fighting unit, comprising cylinder with fire-extinguishing substance, membrane safety device, consisting of self-destructing membrane and clamping bolt. Electromagnetic drive represents metal cylinder, inside of which spring-loaded rod is arranged, which in initial state is retained by permanent magnet. Aspiration chamber comprises laser smoke detectors, fan, replaceable filters, air flow rate monitoring sensor, relay board. Relay board comprises five signal relays "Fire", "Attention", "Accident", "Automatics off", "Fire extinguishing start", three power programmable relays, interface terminal, door control sensor flat cable terminal, external starting line flat cable terminal, microcontroller board.EFFECT: technical result is fire detection and fire extinguishing system automatic activation over short period of time.4 cl, 8 dwg

Lock with thermal disengagement // 2603578
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatic fire extinguishing means and can be used for fire extinguishing. Before operation shaft 6 is set by a clockwise turn to the initial position. Herewith body of revolution 3 extends from locking surface 5 overcoming spring 8 force thus enabling shaft 6 turn, and spring 8 twists to make the shaft return moment. After the moment of installation is over the revolution body is again at the locking surface, self-locking of shaft 6 occurs and mark 11 will stay on top. Herewith separation of the inlet and the outlet branch pipes of housing 1 by shaft 6 takes place. Fire occurrence will lead to higher temperature near housing 1 and further heating of ring 9, which will start increasing in diameter. Between the ring and ledge 10 a gap will appear, under the effect of return moment of shaft 6 revolution body 3 will move along locking surface 5 of cantilever beam 2 lifting the latter. Flowing through the whole locking surface 5, the body of revolution starts turning not preventing rotation of shaft 6 counterclockwise due to return moment of spring 8. Hyped by spring shaft rotates at high angle, as the result of which the inlet and the outlet branch pipes are connected through hole 7 of the shaft, and a fire-extinguishing substance is delivered into actuating devices feeding it into a source of fire.EFFECT: simplified design, expanded functional capabilities and better operational characteristics.4 cl, 2 dwg

Test bench for breaking elements of buildings and structures // 2602548
FIELD: security systems.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems in emergency situations and can be used for explosion protection of buildings and structures, as well as of process equipment. Test bench includes an explosion chamber, in the upper base of which there is a hole covered with an easy-to-discard element, herewith the square of the hole can be varied by screwing in replaceable rings, and the easy-to-discard element covers the hole in the ring, above which a protective screen is fixed, herewith the second hole is covered by a valve, which is pressed to the hole with the help of an electromagnet and is opened by a spring at opening contacts, and the force of the valve and the spring compression is set so, that their total force is equal to the tolerable pressure multiplied by the square of the valve hole, herewith the easy-to-discard element comprises a metal armored frame with a metal armored plating and lead as a filler with its ends four fixed branch pipes - supports, in the coating of the explosive object there are rigidly embedded four bearing rods telescopically inserted into fixed branch pipes - panel supports, herewith the filler is made as an air-lead disperse system, wherein lead is in the form of frit, the bearing rods are flexible, characterized by that between the additional elements and the metal frame with the armored metal plating on the bearing rods there are bushings from an easily destructible material, for example glass of triplex type.EFFECT: higher protection efficiency of buildings and structures, and also process equipment against explosions.1 cl, 3 dwg

Kochetov stand for testing destructive elements of buildings and structures // 2602544
FIELD: security systems.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems in emergency situations and can be used for explosion protection of buildings and structures, as well as of process equipment. Test bench for breaking elements of buildings and structures includes a explosion chamber, in the upper base of which there is a hole covered with an easy-to-discard breaking element. Chamber is a metal vessel of the volume equal to 500÷1,000 cm3 with the wall thickness of 7÷8 mm, herewith in the upper base of the vessel there is a hole covered with an easy-to-discard element. Square of the hole can be varied by screwing in replaceable rings, herewith the discarding element covers the hole in the ring, above which there is a protective screen fixed, and the second hole is covered by a valve, which is pressed to the hole with the help of an electromagnet and is opened by a spring at opening contacts. Force of the valve and the spring compression is set so, that their total force is equal to the tolerable pressure multiplied by the square of the valve hole. Traction force of the electromagnet can be varied by varying current through a rheostat by means of a movable contact of the rheostat. To measure the electromagnet and spring the electromagnet current value in which is controlled from the same rheostat by switching contacts. To adjust the required difference of forces of the electromagnet and the spring there is a dynamometer, and to form a vapour-air explosive mixture in the chamber there is a plug-evaporator, into which with the help of a burette the required quantity of a flammable liquid is introduced, and the plug is screwed in so, that the liquid vapour through openings in walls of the plug-evaporator enter the explosion chamber and, being mixed with the air, form an explosive mixture. Mixture is ignited by an electric spark from an inductance coil. In one of the end walls of the explosion chamber there is a hole for a union, in which a tube is fixed from a blower closed by a shutoff valve, and in the other opposite located explosion chamber end wall there is a hole for a union closed by a shutoff valve, which serves to maintain pressure in the chamber during evaporation of the liquid. Square of the hole can be varied by screwing in replaceable rings, and the discarding element covers the hole in the ring, above which there is a protective screen fixed.EFFECT: higher efficiency of protection of buildings, structures and process equipment against explosions.1 cl, 4 dwg

Fire extinguishing aerosol generator // 2602484
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for volumetric fire fighting using a gas-aerosol mixture of inhibitors. Fire extinguishing aerosol generator comprises equipped with heat-resistant lining and igniter of external initiation of a cylindrical housing, accommodating functional charge and metal pipeline for communicating combustion chamber with receiver under cover with outlet holes. Coaxial housing of functional charge is made in form of a pyrotechnic cartridge with axial channel, wherein through heat-insulating shell there is a metal pipe, communicates via retarded-ignition device, located in bulk layer of a fire retardant, bounded by transverse mesh diaphragms with gas-generating charge, located under annular insulating bridge, forming receiver, wherein cover is aligned with additional cooler, made in form of a shell equipped with injection windows.EFFECT: technical result is higher payload.1 cl, 1 dwg

Shipboard fire extinguishing system pneumatic pump // 2602471
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building and is intended for use in marine equipment objects fire extinguishing system for simultaneous transfer of water and a surface-active fire-extinguishing substance. Pump includes housing, two drive chambers, which by means of drive pneumatic lines are connected to pneumatic distributor with limit switches. Two opposite located working chambers are combined in one cylinder and separated by pistons, which are installed on one rod. Has sealing devices. Additionally on working chambers side opposite and coaxially to them two additional working cylinders with hydro pistons are installed, each of which is rigidly connected to closest piston. At that, working chambers and cylinders are made with possibility of providing pumped solution initial components constant ratio, are equipped with suction and delivery valves and connected with mixing device via pressure pipelines, containing mixing cavity, bushing with shaft and swirler, rotating on bearings.EFFECT: enhanced pump capabilities for simultaneous transfer of two different fluids with specified percentage and mixing said fluids at output, reduced pressure pulsations in discharge pipeline.1 cl, 6 dwg

Kochetov atomizer to spray fluids // 2600901
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluids spraying equipment and can be used in firefighting equipment. Fluid atomizer comprises housing with nozzle and central core. In housing liquid supply channel is made. Housing has bushing rigidly attached to it, in lower part of which nozzle is attached. Nozzle is made in form of cylindrical two-staged bushing, which upper cylindrical stage is connected with central core by threaded joint. Core is installed with annular gap relative to cylindrical bushing inner surface, wherein annular gap is connected with radial channels made in said two-staged bushing. Sprayer is rigidly fixed to central core in its lower part. Sprayer is made in form of truncated cone attached by its upper base to central core cylinder base. Splitter is attached to truncated cone lower base by means of pins, which is made in form of round end plate, which edges are bent towards annular gap, and truncated cone on outer side surface there are helical grooves.EFFECT: high efficiency of liquid fine spraying.1 cl, 1 dwg

Kochetov pneumatic sprayer // 2600900
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to spraying of fluids. Fluid sprayer comprises hollow cylindrical housing with nozzle, in which orifice holes are made. Housing consists of cylindrical part with outer thread for connection to distribution pipeline union and two series-connected therewith, hollow cylindrical-taper belts. Nozzle made in form sleeve is attached in housing bottom, in bottom of which vertical and inclined orifice holes are made at angle of 45° to nozzle axis. In cylindrical housing belt row of radial holes is made, which axes lie in plane perpendicular to housing axis. Between each other housing and nozzle make several aligned inner chambers: cylindrical, and conical chamber located between them. In nozzle central part gas supply pipe is attached. To one end of tube in its lower part hollow disk with perforation is attached, turned towards nozzle orifice holes output cross-sections.EFFECT: high efficiency of liquid fine spraying.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod and device for integrated volumetric fire extinguishing in air-tight manned objects, mainly submarines // 2600716
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to submarines and other airtight manned objects fire safety ensuring devices. Method of complex volumetric fire fighting in airtight manned objects consists in of supply nitrogen with argon mixture or argon into room to reduce oxygen concentration. Supply is performed through nozzles and via water mist generator with pneumatic electro independent drive. Supplied from the water mist generating device gas is both working gas and component of two-phase water-and-gas mixture. Portion of nitrogen with argon mixture or argon supplied into room independently and/or together with portion of gas, in combination does not exceed portion, supposed for reducing content of oxygen in room less than 10 vol.% at single supply. Pressure increase rate and its absolute value is controlled by pressure relief compressor and it should not exceed absolute pressure of 0.162 MPa. In process of fire extinguishing at final argon content above 30 vol.% safe low oxygen content reduction in gas-air medium is carried out in room at level of 10 vol.% at single supply, and argon concentration in gas-air medium room after fire extinguishing is set above 30 vol.%, wherein oxygen concentration is set on long time of more that 10 hours from 14 to 12 vol.% and for short time is to 10 vol.% under conditions of normal or increased for not more than 0.162 MPa pressure in submarine room. To prevent effect of pressure increase during fire extinguishing pressure relief by compressor into reservoir (bottle) is performed through gas-air medium cleaning unit. To implement method integrated volumetric firefighting device is used, containing cylinders with gas, connected to gas nozzles via main pipelines and distribution pipelines, remotely controlled and manual valves to control over fire suppressant supply and instruments. Device includes atomized water generator with distribution pipeline for supply of nitrogen with argon or argon portion to generator to create two-phase gas-water mixture in generator.EFFECT: disclosed is method of complex volumetric fire fighting in air-tight manned objects.2 cl

ethod for production of sprayed water for fire extinguishing // 2600081
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of high-efficiency fire extinguishing means and can be used in agriculture, in chemical industry devices and in heat power industry. Method involves double water jet spraying process. At the first stage an expansion device is used, in which water under pressure is released through holes located in circumferential direction. Then water is supplied into a hollow cylinder. Cylinder comprises a surface made of a perforated sheet in the form of truncated cone. Dispersion is performed through the step of forming a film of cylindrical shape, which is further dispersed in the perforated surface of the truncated cone, which provides formation of a compact jet of the sprayed water, which preserves its integrity up to the range of 30 m.EFFECT: method enables to obtain sprayed water to extinguish fires with longer range of the jet.3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 dwg

ethod of producing moderating composition for protection of hydrocarbon motor fuel from inflammation // 2599793
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention describes a method of producing a moderating composition for protection of hydrocarbon motor fuel from inflammation, including mixing moderating composition and fuel with subsequent separation of mixture, characterised by that it includes a step for preparing a composition of moderating and inhibiting substances via preliminary mixing thereof in ratio of 1:4 to 4:1 and then adding obtained composition to hydrocarbon motor fuel at ratio of composition: fuel from 1:100 to 1:10 respectively.EFFECT: technical result is possibility of creation of effective flammable mixtures, in particular, combustion of hydrocarbons, use thereof for phlegmatisation of hydrocarbon fuels, particularly, on transport vehicles equipped with internal combustion engines.3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 dwg, 3 ex

Dry sprinkler with multiple coupling arrangements // 2598832
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dry sprinklers. Dry sprinkler consists of external unit, inlet and inner channel. External unit consists of inlet connection, which includes a head part and a main part.EFFECT: head part has outer thread, and main part comprises an outer groove, so that external thread and groove enable alternate connection of sprinkler with a supply pipeline by means of threaded or ring joint.23 cl, 4 dwg

ethod and device for source of fire extinguishing medium of fire extinguishing system // 2598571
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: container (1) is filled with fire extinguishing liquid so that predefined volume (6) remains unfilled. By means of gas supply, for example through filling nozzle (2), pressure in extinguishing liquid container is raised standby pressure (P2), which is higher than switching point (Psw) of pressure sensor or pressure switch (3). When amount of extinguishing liquid (5) in extinguishing liquid container (1) decreases, pressure (P2) of extinguishing liquid container (1) decreases from standby pressure (P2) as fraction of gas volume increases. As a consequence of decrease in amount of extinguishing liquid and when pressure decreases from standby pressure to a second, lower value, which is set as switching limit (Psw) of pressure sensor or pressure switch (3), pressure sensor or pressure switch (3) gives a signal, on basis of which a notification is obtained about low amount of liquid in extinguishing medium container. Present invention also relates to a device.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of controlling amount of liquid in extinguishing liquid container (1) of fire extinguishing apparatus.18 cl, 5 dwg

Kochetov modular fire-extinguishing method // 2597632
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: method is intended for fire extinguishing. Method is implemented by means of a vessel, storing fire-extinguishing substance, vessel, in which fire-extinguishing substance is stored, is fixed with brackets to a building structure of a room and is equipped with a gas phase discharge device, combined with measuring probe for fire-extinguishing substance and a stop-starting device, which is connected via pipeline to a tube for feeding fire-extinguishing liquid into a foam generator, that is equipped with inputs for simultaneous supply of liquid and gas, liquid supply is performed in two directions, including axial feeding of liquid via feed pipe and series-connected and coaxial with confuser and cylindrical nozzle, tangential liquid feed is performed via a coaxial, with a cylindrical nozzle, body in the shape of a cylinder-conic sleeve, on the cylindrical part of the sleeve there is an annular swirl chamber with a branch for liquid supply, at the edges of the annular chamber there are two rows of liquid feed tangential channels, having at least three tangential channels connecting the annular chamber with a cylindrical cavity of the body, to which a circular plate, located perpendicular to axis of vortex annular chamber, is coaxially attached, and rigidly connected to the cylindrical cavity of the body, and in its end section a slotted nozzle, which consists of two mutually perpendicular rectangular parallelepipeds with throttle through holes of rectangular section, connected to the cavity of the body, is attached perpendicular to a round plate.EFFECT: higher efficiency of fire-extinguishing due to usage of high-expansion foam.1 cl, 3 dwg

ethods and device for multistage fire extinguishing system // 2595990
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: multistage fire extinguishing system is configured to deliver fire extinguishing means in response to multiple detections of a fire condition over time. In one embodiment, the multistage fire suppression system comprises at least two pressure tubes each having a different internal pressure. Each pressure tube is adapted to generate a pneumatic signal in response to exposure to a different trigger event. Pneumatic signal is used to activate a suppression system and release the fire suppressant material from a container.EFFECT: multistage fire extinguishing system may also be configured to signal a secondary hazard detection system that a fire has been detected.22 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of subsurface fire extinguishing of oil and oil products in reservoirs // 2595973
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention concerns methods of fire extinguishing foam, wherein foam formation is performed at two stages, first in base of reservoir, at direct contact in oil product, and second is after foam rising to burning surface, from foam heat flow from flame and from contact with overheated metal walls of tank. Water chemical solution containing acetic acid and aluminium sulphate, and/or iron sulphate, and/or ammonium chloride is fed into base of reservoir, into reservoir, which contains diammonium phosphate and/or sodium nitrite and sodium bicarbonate. Formation of foam in base of reservoir in direct contact with oil product makes it possible to sharply increase intensity of supply of foam on burning surface.EFFECT: fire extinguishing system can be recharged by subsequent filling of inner reservoir with water solutions outside of tank, and may be implemented method of simultaneous supply of components in base of reservoir.4 cl, 3 tbl

Fire-fighting module based on combined gas-powder fire-extinguishing composition // 2595553
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to firefighting equipment. Module of gas-powder volume fire extinguishing comprises means for storage of powder and device for storage of propellant, gas-powder flow forming facility, gas flow switch with control module connected to it, one of data inputs of which is intended for connection to fire alarm devices. Device for storage of powder is cylinder, which is connected to corresponding output of switch of gas flow by means of supplying pipeline. On one of pipeline sections there is pressure sensor connected to corresponding data input of control module. Cylinder stop-start device is connected to corresponding control output of control module, and via pipeline is connected with appropriate input of gas flow switch. Apparatus for generating gas-powder flow consists of nozzle by means of tube communicates with mixing chamber equipped with nozzles, nozzles are arranged inside flow splitter and sprayer.EFFECT: technical result consists in increased distance to fire source and control of flow parameters of gas powder mixture in conditions of continuous operation of module.6 cl, 2 dwg

Device for predicting development of emergency situation during accident on explosive facility // 2595549
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems preventing the development of an emergency situation. Method for prediction of the emergency during an accident on explosive object involves using a system of dangerous zone monitoring. In the test box a model of the explosive object is installed, and on its internal and external perimeters video cameras are arranged. Video cameras are made in explosion-proof version, while outputs of the video cameras are connected to the unit, by means of which the processes of change of parameters in the model are recorded and registered. One records, by means of a system of analyzers of recorded waveforms of current processes, technological parameters' changes in the model of an explosive object. In ceiling part of the model an opening is made, which is closed with an explosion-proof element. Between explosive fragmentation element and opening three-dimensional pressure sensor is set. After processing of the obtained experimental data an information data base on the emergency situation development in case of an accident on the explosive object is formed and a mathematical model is created to forecast prevention of the emergency in case of an accident on the explosive object.EFFECT: technically attainable result is the increase of efficiency of process equipment protection.3 cl, 3 dwg

Kochetov test bench for simulation of emergency situation // 2595545
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems preventing the development of an emergency situation. Bench for simulation of emergency situation has a model of an explosive object mounted on posts with explosion initiator placed onto it, a protective cover and a tray. Cover with the tray represent an integral closed structure formed around the model of explosive object. Model is fitted with transport and suspended systems. Protective cover is multilayered and consists of an aluminium layer facing inwards to the model, as well as rubber and percale layers. Model of explosive object is equipped with the object analyzed on the bench: an explosion-proof element installed above the hole in the upper part of the model, which consists of an armored metal frame with armored metal plating and lead filler. In the upper part of the model four bearing rods are made telescopically fitted in fixed branch pipes-supports. For fixing of the limit position of the panel the stopper sheets are welded to end faces of bearing rods.EFFECT: technically attainable result is the increase of efficiency of process equipment protection.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of predicting development of emergency situation during accident on explosive object // 2595543
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical and general machine building, in particular to safety systems preventing emergency situation development. Method for prediction of emergency during accident on explosive object involves using a monitoring system with processing of the obtained information upon the hazardous zone. In the test box a model of the explosive object is installed, and along its internal and external perimeters video cameras are arranged for video monitoring of the process of development of emergency situation. Outputs of the video cameras are connected to the unit, by means of which the processes of change of parameters in the model are recorded and registered. In ceiling part of the model an opening is made, which is closed with an explosion-proof element. Between the explosive fragmentation element and the opening a three-dimensional pressure sensor is set, the output of which is connected to the input of recording and registration equipment unit. After processing of the obtained experimental data an information data base on the emergency situation development in case of an accident on the explosive object is formed and a mathematical model is created to forecast prevention of the emergency in case of an accident on the explosive object.EFFECT: technically attainable result is the increase of efficiency of process equipment protection.3 cl, 3 dwg

Device for extinguishing of alkali metals // 2594871
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment and can be used to extinguish burning sodium. Device for extinguishing of alkali metals comprises container arranged above cover and porous element secured on the inner side surface of reservoir wall. Peripheral part of the cover at point of contact with porous element is arranged with a clearance relative to reservoir wall. Cover can be made removable in the upper part of reservoir at least one overflow pipe can be made, in the lower part of reservoir at least one drain branch pipe with a plug can be made, the reservoir is equipped with lugs. On inner side surface of reservoir wall a strengthening support element can be installed, located under the porous element, and a system of rods distributed throughout the length, perforated angle or stage can be used as a support element.EFFECT: technical result consists in increase of service life of the device and possibility of multiple use.7 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of extinguishing fire on forest and peat arrays // 2594148
FIELD: forestry. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to forestry and can be used for fire extinguishing in situ, with a complex relief, long length and considerable area. In range of influence of underground ground water in immediate vicinity of rivers, lakes and storage ponds, several pits are dug on depth of drainage drain pipelines, formed in line. In pits drainage pumps are installed with output of pressure lines in well-damper with automatic control of water level of tail bay. Further, well-damper is connected with discharge pipeline, at end of which there is a well-distributor near fire extinguishing facility. Well-distributor is pre-wrapped with geotextile, and then a mobile self-contained station is used and water is supplied under pressure into pressure radial feed pipelines, which are connected with annular pressure pipeline via assemblies and fed into pipeline system. EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability at minimum costs using primarily standard equipment when extinguishing fire. 1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for prompt explosive fire extinguishing of vast areas of a burning object // 2594147
FIELD: fire-fighting means. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting means. Containers are filled with dispersed fire-extinguishing substance, mixed with a dispersed explosive substance. Groove is made in the container body to receive thermal fuse detonator, impact head of which is fixed in initial condition by means of consumable thread. When the aircraft approaches to the distance at which the container can reach the specified area of a burning object, container filled with fire-extinguishing substance mixed with explosive substance is ejected downwards. Under the effect of high temperature of the latter consumable thread of thermal fuse detonator melts and explosive substance explodes, thus knocking down flames and spraying fire-extinguishing substance, which is deposited on incandescent elements of the burning object over the entire vast territory of this burning object, thus removing heat and extinguishing the fire. EFFECT: invention helps to improve the efficiency of fire extinguishing over vast areas of a burning object. 1 cl
ethod for prompt explosive fire extinguishing of a fire in hazardous facilities, zones and units of industrial, transport and agriculture // 2594146
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting means. Container is produced and filled with dispersed fire-extinguishing substance mixed with an explosive substance. Container is equipped with thermal fuse-detonator, its impact striker is locked in its initial condition by means of a consumable thread. In case of a fire the container is permanently placed in the area of a fire hazardous object, where a fire is most probable. For prompt fire extinguishing consumable thread of thermal fuse detonator is melted, thus releasing the impact striker, which is used to impact the capsule, thus thermal fuse-detonator explodes. Thermal fuse-detonator detonates dispersed explosive substance located in container. As a result, it explodes. Explosive wave knocks down flames and fire-extinguishing substance is intensively sprayed, it is deposited on incandescent objects in the burning zone, thus removing the heat, and, consequently, extinguishing the fire, described procedure is performed on the entire area of fire hazardous object until its completion. EFFECT: technical result is improved efficiency of fire extinguishing of fires at fire hazardous facilities. 1 cl

ethod of detecting fires // 2594145
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: method of detecting fires relates to fire alarm, actuated pneumatically, and is intended for detection of overheating and fires. Method comprises placing sensors at points of assumed fires and connecting them with alarm. Novelty lies that fire sensors are in form of capsules of plastic material, partially filled with water, compressed or flattened and is sealed tightly. Then capsule are placed at points of assumed fires tightly to open electric contacts, which are connected to sound and/or light alarms. EFFECT: technical result is simpler and cheaper due to simplicity, low price and smaller structures fire sensors. 1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of modular fire extinguishing // 2594087
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: method is intended for fire extinguishing. Method is implemented by means of vessel, storing fire-extinguishing substance, a vessel, in which fire-extinguishing substance is stored, fixed by brackets to building structure and is equipped with a gas phase discharge device, combined with measuring probe for fire-extinguishing substance and stop-starting device, which is connected by pipelines with foam generator comprising a fluid and gas feed system, supply of gas or air is performed through gas feed inlet into mixing chamber of foam generator from turbo-compressor, and liquid supply is performed in two directions, including axial feeding of fluid via feed pipe and series-connected and coaxial with confuser and cylindrical nozzle, and tangential liquid supply is performed through coaxial with cylindrical nozzle housing made in form of cylinder-conical sleeve, on cylindrical part of which is attached a vortex annular chamber with a pipe for supply of liquid, wherein at edges of annular chamber there are two rows of liquid feed tangential channels, wherein in each row there are at least three tangential channels connecting annular chamber with cylindrical chamber of housing, to which is coaxially attached a circular plate, located perpendicular to axis of vortex annular chamber, and perpendicularly to circular plate is attached slotted nozzle of two mutually perpendicular rectangular parallelepipeds with throttle through holes of rectangular section, connected to cavity of housing. EFFECT: technical result is high efficiency of fire extinguishing due to usage of high-expansion foam. 1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for rapid explosive fire extinguishing of crown forest fire // 2593132
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire extinguishing means for vast areas of the burning object- crown forest fires. Catapult is made for delivery of a container filled with dispersed fire-extinguishing substance mixed with dispersed explosive substance. Settlements adjoining forest areas are equipped with catapults. Containers filled with dispersed fire-extinguishing substance mixed with explosive substance are made. In body of container there is a groove for receiving before its throwing into the burning object a thermal fuse detonator, impact head of which is fixed in initial condition by means of consumable thread. Fire-resistant loops are made on the container surface. If rapid fire extinguishing of crown forest fire is necessary, the fuse detonator is inserted into container groove; container is inserted in the catapult and thrown into the selected zone burning tree crown. Flames are beaten by explosive wave and fire-extinguishing substance is intensively sprayed, substance is deposited on incandescent burning tree crown. EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of fire extinguishing vast areas of crown forest fires. 1 cl

Device for simulation of explosive situation // 2593122
FIELD: safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems preventing the development of an emergency situation. Device for simulating an explosive situation comprises a model of explosive object, mounted on posts with explosion initiator placed onto it, a protective cover and a tray. Cover with the tray represent an integral closed structure formed around the model of explosive object. Model is fitted with transport and suspended systems. Protective cover is multilayered and consists of an aluminium layer, rubber and percale layers. Model of explosive object is equipped with the object analyzed on the bench: an explosion-proof element, which consists of an armored metal frame with armored metal plating and lead filler. In the upper part of the model at the hole four bearing rods are made telescopically fitted in fixed branch pipes-supports. For fixing of the limit position of the panel the stopper sheets are welded to end faces of bearing rods. Device for simulating explosive situation is additionally equipped with an explosion-proof element installed in the side part of the model, and which is identical to the explosion-proof element installed in the upper part of the model, and on the outer side of the model, next to the explosion-proof elements, video cameras in armored version are arranged. EFFECT: technically attainable result is increase of efficiency of process equipment and human resources protection from emergencies by the possibility of predicting the emergency development in case of an accident on the explosive object. 1 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for explosive rapid fire extinguishing remote inaccessible facilities // 2593112
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of fire extinguishing remote inaccessible sections of a burning object. Method for explosive fire extinguishing consists in the following: pneumatic gun is mounted on a self-propelled platform, with the gun rear part connected to a group means creating controllable compressed air pulses. Containers are filled with dispersed fire-extinguishing substance, mixed with dispersed explosive substance. In body of container there is a groove for receiving before its throwing into the burning object a thermal fuse detonator, impact head of which is fixed in initial condition by means of consumable thread. Self-propelled platform with the pneumatic gun mounted thereon are pulled up if it is necessary to extinguish. Container filled with a fire-extinguishing substance mixed with an explosive substance is charged into the pneumatic gun barrel. Compressed air pulse is supplied to the pneumatic gun barrel with the container pushed out with such pulse. EFFECT: under the effect of high temperature the consumable thread of the thermal fuse detonator is fused and explosive explodes beating out flames. 1 cl
ethod for explosive rapid fire extinguishing crown forest and steppe fires // 2593111
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of fire extinguishing crown forest and steppe fires. Method for explosive rapid fire extinguishing consists in the following: containers, filled with dispersed fire-extinguishing substance, mixed with dispersed explosive substance, are delivered to the selected section of the burning object. In body of container there is a groove for receiving before its throwing into the burning object a thermal fuse detonator, impact head of which is fixed in initial condition by means of consumable thread. Fire-resistant loops are made on the container surface. Container, filled with fire-extinguishing substance mixed with explosive substance is thrown downwards. Under the effect of high temperature the consumable thread of the thermal fuse detonator is fused and explosive explodes, beating out flames and intensely spraying fire-extinguishing substance, which is deposited on incandescent elements of the burning object in the entire volume of this section of the burning object. EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of fire extinguishing crown forest and steppe fires. 1 cl

Fluid sprayer // 2593109
FIELD: machine building. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to spraying of fluids. Fluid sprayer comprises a case with a nozzle, in which jets are arranged in mutually perpendicular planes. Case consists of a cylindrical part and two series-connected and coaxial to it hollow cylinder-taper belts. Coaxially to the case, in its lower part, the nozzle is secured. On the nozzle conical surface there is a cylindrical collar with outer thread for the nozzle connection with the lower cylinder-taper belt of the case. On the nozzle there is an additional row of jets formed by pairs of mutually perpendicular vertical channels for the fluid passage and horizontal channels, which cross on the nozzle conical lateral surface to form the jets outlets. Paired channels are arranged at right angle to each other in the case lengthwise planes, herewith the conical lateral surface of the nozzle is made with the vertex angle equal to 90°, and on the cylinder-taper belt rigidly jointed with the cylindrical part of the case there are two rows of throttling orifices: one row represents at least three horizontal holes made on the cylindrical surface, the other row represents at least three inclined holes at the angle of 45°. Conical baffle is attached to the cylinder-taper belt by means of rods. EFFECT: technical result is the increase of fine spraying efficiency. 1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of determining the area of openings in the roof of the reservoir for storage of liquid hydrocarbons // 2592768
FIELD: oil and gas industry; fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to determination of the area of openings (valves) in the roof of vertical steel tanks, required to prevent mechanical damage and destruction of the tanks for storage of liquid hydrocarbons in case of actuation of automatic gaseous fire suppression unit (AGFSU). Values of geometrical dimensions of the reservoir are taken in the method for a specific type of reservoir. Using calculation-analytical method based on developed mathematical model of non-stationary gas-dynamic processes at the supply of gaseous fire suppression agent to the reservoir as the result of the AGFSU actuation, ratio of phase states of fire-extinguishing substance at the nozzle outlet and dispersion of particles of the fire-extinguishing substance being in solid phase are defined. Parameters values for gas-air mixture in the tank are determined: vacuum pressure P in the reservoir and gas-air mix temperature T, as well as the value of the time period τ of supplying the gaseous fire suppression agent to achieve maximum vacuum pressure in the reservoir. Area of openings in the reservoir roof FC is determined needed for compensating negative pressure in the reservoir, which is required to prevent destruction of the reservoir at actuation of the AGFSU, in accordance with the following formula: where K - safety factor; mair - air mass in the tank (kg); ΔP - absolute value of difference of maximum allowable vacuum pressure inside the tank and pressure in the open air (Pa); ρair - air density (kg/m3). EFFECT: invention allows to exclude the risk of accidents related to excessive vacuum pressure inside tanks equipped with AGFSU. 4 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

Robotic fire fighting installation // 2592346
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire extinguishing, namely to robotic fire fighting installations. To turn nosepiece 7 around vertical axis, first motor is started to make worm 5 starting rotation and turning tooth gear 2 with platform 1 on busing 3. When nosepiece 7 has achieved required azimuth, motor is stopped, thus providing fixation due to self-braking of worm gear. To turn nosepiece 7 about horizontal axis, second motor is started to make rotate shaft 13 with worm 12, which by means of tooth gear 11 and connected to it worm screw 9 rotates tooth gear 8 with axis 6 and nosepiece 7. After turning the latter to required position, it is fixed by stopping motor. Then fire-extinguishing medium is supplied into channel 15, and through hollow hinge 14 and channel 16 in axis 6 medium enters nosepiece 7. EFFECT: invention aims at simplifying design, reducing power consumption, and higher reliability and operating characteristics. 8 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of extinguishing smoldering fire in peat deposits and device therefor // 2592345
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of localising centres and extinguishing of smoldering fires in peat deposits. Method of localising centres and extinguishing of smoldering fires in peat deposits consists in creation of fire-resisting belts, closed around centres of smouldering in peat deposit, and, finally, suppression of said centres. Fire-resisting belts are created by extinguishing barrels equipped with pipeline for supply of gas pressure in them and nozzles arranged regularly along whole height of extinguishing barrel. Barrels are previously filled with fire-extinguishing substance in powdered compositions containing mineral salts of alkali metals and iron, mixtures of these salts, carbonates. Pipeline in lower part has whirlwinding nozzle to create inside extinguishing barrel at supply to it via pipeline gas of liquefied mixture of fire-extinguishing powder and gas. Vertical wells are drilled throughout height of layer of peat in deposit. In well extinguishing barrel is brought and is supplied to it under pressure of gas not supporting searing burning of peat. Vertical wells are drilled at certain distance from each other and with introduction of extinguishing barrels into them. Upon approach of smouldering front at peat deposit to fire-resisting zone, smoldering fire in peat deposit under Earth's surface is stopped. EFFECT: localisation of sources and extinguishing of smoldering fires in peat deposits. 2 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for selective start of water curtains and device for its implementation // 2592189
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to firefighting equipment. Method for selective start of water curtains, including detection of fire, logic processing of information on state of sprinkler fire extinguishing plant sprinklers with monitoring of operation and automatic or remote start water curtain. At that, address of activated sprinkler is additionally determined with monitoring of operation with subsequent formation of control commands for selective start of corresponding to address sprinklers with forced start-up, which perform function of water curtain. At that, sprinklers with control over activation are located along internal perimeter of protected room opposite to gates and exit doors. EFFECT: simplified algorithm of operation and selective start of water curtains of water curtains included into sprinkler fire-extinguishing installation. 2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for rapid explosive fire extinguishing of range fire // 2591616
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire extinguishing means for vast areas of range fire. Method for rapid explosive fire extinguishing consists in using a catapult for delivery of a container filled with dispersed fire-extinguishing substance mixed with dispersed explosive substance. In body of container there is a groove for receiving a thermal fuse detonator, impact head of which is fixed in initial condition by means of consumable thread. Settlements adjoining velds are equipped with a set of containers. Fuse-detonator is inserted into container groove. Container is inserted in catapult and thrown into selected zone of range fire. Consumable thread of thermal fuse detonator is melted, when impact head is released, which acts on capsule, thermal fuse-detonator explodes. Thermal fuse-detonator detonates dispersed explosive substance located in container. As a result, it explodes and explosive wave puts out flames. Fire-extinguishing substance is deposited on incandescent objects of burning zone, which enables removal of heat therefrom.EFFECT: higher efficiency of fire extinguishing of vast range fires.1 cl

Apparatus for predicting development of emergency situation during accident on explosive facility // 2590829
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems preventing development of emergency situations. Method for prediction of emergency during accident on explosive facility involves using monitoring system. In test box model of explosive facility is installed, and on its internal and external perimeters video cameras are installed. Outputs of video cameras are connected to unit by means of which change of process parameters in model is recorded and registered. In ceiling part of opening of model is closed with explosion-proof element. Between explosive fragmentation element and opening three-dimensional pressure sensor is set. On both sides of pressure sensor located temperature and humidity sensors whose outputs are also connected to input of recording and registration hardware. Inner and outer surfaces of enclosures of the model are fitted with strain gauges. After processing of obtained experimental data one forms data base on development of emergency situation in case of accident at explosive facility and draws up mathematical model.EFFECT: technically attainable result is increase of efficiency of process equipment protection and human resources.1 cl, 3 dwg

ethod for detection and control of abnormal situation, intelligent station to this end // 2589617
FIELD: security system; data processing.SUBSTANCE: detection of hazards is realised by measurement of informative parameters by probing the medium of the protected object with the help of a distributed network of address sensors for many-factor control with further analysis of the obtained data, at that, account is made of an array of totals of specified informative parameters containing coordinates of possible sources of hazards and forecast models of their changes, their relationships and interactions, besides, after the analysis of the obtained informative data there is developed a complex of control actions of different types and purposes, corresponding to forecast threats, and these effects are addressed to the appropriate protection elements, and, additionally, to multiple-factor control sensors via feedback circuits for correction of characteristics of these sensors. Device for detection of hazards and protection of the object consists of the following: a base part containing a monitoring, control and programming unit, a unit for functional measurements and correlations with matrices of totals of specified informative data and conditional transitions, analogue-to-digital converters; a network of address sensors of multi-factor monitoring; a network of the object protection address actuators.EFFECT: disclosed is a method and device for detecting hazards for human vital activity, including a fire hazard, and a method of fighting against these hazards.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of reducing time of fire extinguishing of oil and oil products by preventing heating of reservoir from flame jet // 2589613
FIELD: fire safety; oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to extinguishing of oil and oil products fires in reservoirs and can also be used for protection of reservoirs with liquefied gases and low-molecular alcohols. For cooling of the reservoir use is made of a humectant aqueous solution which circulates with the help of a pump between an annular pocket on the reservoir wall and the outer expansion tank, while the humectant aqueous solution is supplied from a perforated pipe into porous non-combustible filler, tightly adjacent to the reservoir wall, and excess aqueous solution in the annular pocket is returned into the circulation system due to overflow branch pipes, while the level of the solution in the annular pocket must be above the porous filler.EFFECT: invention allows to twice increase the efficiency of hydrocarbons extinguishing in reservoirs and tank farms.5 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl

ethod of preventing explosion and localising spill of liquefied natural gas and liquefied hydrocarbon gas with combined air-water foam with low and medium expansion ratio and fire-extinguishing agent and system for implementation thereof // 2589562
FIELD: fire safety; emergency containment equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for emergency containment, prevention of inflammation and explosion (reduction) and extinguishing of liquefied gases. Method and system for prevention of explosion and localisation of spill of liquefied natural gas and liquefied hydrocarbon gas, involving treatment of surface of liquefied gas with air-water foam with low and medium expansion ratio and along surface of spill of liquefied natural gas and liquefied hydrocarbon gas feeding fire extinguishing agent in form of neutral gases, for example carbon dioxide, nitrogen or complete combustion products or powder fire extinguishing agents, for example, based on sodium bicarbonate or potassium bicarbonate.EFFECT: invention can be used in power engineering, chemical industry, transport for containment of spills of liquefied natural gas and liquefied hydrocarbon gas.29 cl, 14 dwg

Fire-fighting module // 2588486
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment, namely to fire fighting modules, which can be used for fire extinguishing using fluid mist. Module comprises multichannel sprinkling device, liquid fire-extinguishing substance, with which sealed housing is equipped. Housing is equipped in upper part of gas-generating device with gas-generating charge and is equipped in lower part with neck, on output end of which by means of nut is equipped with destructible membrane and filtration element of outlet nozzles. Between outlet nozzle and spraying device there is cylindrical facility for averaging of flow. Sprinkling device is made with central channel and stepwise variable outer diameter. Sprinkling means walls are equipped with through holes. Over openings hollow conical reflector is fixed with divergent part downwards. Central channel of sprinkling means at its output is conically converging. Before cone-shaped narrowing of central channel irrigation facilities screw is installed. Membrane pressed to neck with help of washer, equipped with cylindrical catcher cut part of membrane and having hole with sharp edge directed to membrane.EFFECT: higher efficiency of fire extinguishing, providing guaranteed stability for production of functional result by achieving maximum possible speed of fire-extinguishing substance at simultaneous provision of uniform distribution on protected area and at maintaining altitude range of placement of module on prototype level.8 cl, 2 dwg
 
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