Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places (A62C3)

Determination method of safe operation conditions of polymer composition materials in structures of return vehicle body of manned spacecraft // 2615716
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of safe application of polymer composition materials in structures of the return vehicle body of a manned spacecraft. For determination of applicability of polymer composition materials for application in structures of the return vehicle body with respect to the fire safety, a calculation and experimental method with the formulation for determination of combustion limits for polymer composition materials in terms of concentration of the oxidizing atmosphere of a planet at an increased temperature of a polymer composition material is proposed. For determination of applicability of polymer composition materials for application with respect to a strength after exposure of structure components of the return vehicle body performed of polymer composition materials to high temperatures and pressures of a planet atmosphere corresponding to such temperature by time, an experimental method including the keeping of components performed of polymer composition materials in a climatic chamber at temperatures and pressures corresponding to such temperatures varying in the climatic chamber according the law of variation of these parameters from the period of atmospheric penetration of a return vehicle and to the period of cooling down of the return vehicle body after completion of its aerodynamic braking, to the moment of reaching a temperature, at which there no thermal destruction of a polymer composition material binder takes place, is proposed.EFFECT: invention provides obtaining of more accurate and reliable data.5 dwg, 2 tbl

Preaction sprinkler system operation booster // 2615628
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: system includes a gas exhaust line; a valve coupling gas exhaust line and a pipe; and a control unit generating a command to open and close valve, control unit opening valve to vent gas from pipe and closing valve within a period of time.EFFECT: method includes receiving a command at a valve to open in order to exhaust gas from a pipe of a sprinkler system through a line coupled to valve, command corresponding to a command to turn on a pump unit of sprinkler system, determining that liquid provided at an output of pump unit is present in pipe, and receiving a command at valve to close in order to prohibit flow of liquid through line.20 cl, 2 dwg

Fine-dispersed liquid sprayer // 2615256
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: fine-dispersedfluid sprayer comprises a hollow cylindrical casing with a nozzle in which jets are arranged in mutually perpendicular planes. Hollow body consists of a cylindrical part with male connector for connection to the distribution pipeline, bringing liquid, conical transition portion and cylindrical parts with large diameter cross section, and with internal threaded surface, and coaxial to the hull in the bottom of the nozzle is enshrined, formed by a cylindrical surface with external thread, interacts with the cylindrical portion of the shell. The cylindrical surface of the nozzle moves into a conical surface and the closed end, perpendicular to the axis of the chassis, a blank partition with pre-orifice technology at its center, made the propulsion nozzle and consisting of cylindrical and conical throttle openings connected in series, with a larger diameter conical holes located on the deaf ears of the nozzle. The casing and the nozzle form three coaxial between internal cylindrical Chamber, and on the nozzle on the side opposite to the feed liquid, made a number of additional nozzles formed by at least three pairs of mutually perpendicular vertical channels for the passage of fluids and horizontal canals that intersect on the lateral surface of the tapered nozzles and form of each outlet nozzles, with paired channels located at right angles to each other in the longitudinal planes enclosures and the tapered side surface of the nozzle executed with an angle at the top, equals to 90°.EFFECT: fine-dispersed liquid sprayer efficiency increase.1 dwg

Deluge sprinkler of khodakova // 2615249
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is designed for spraying liquid in automatic fixed fire-fighting systems. Deluge sprinkler consists of the base as fitting with the channel and baffle, hooked on holders fill base coupled with at least two bow holders that hold the bushing with snap on it baffle, manufactured in the form of a cone with a bent toward the founding of a corbel with forming conical surface and the inside of the petals corbel chopper additionally installed a spray bottle, made in the form of a cylinder on the outer surface which is made spiral slicing, with cylinder mounted, with the possibility of rotation, by means of two axes to the inner surface of the chopper, part of the petals is made turned toward greater reason conical surface of the diffuser, with the bent petals are made with alternation of unbent petals.EFFECT: improving the effectiveness of the fire-fighting automatic stationary installations due to surface irrigation uniformity and homogeneity of thinly sprayed drip spray.1 dwg
Kochetov centrifugal vortex nozzle // 2615248
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: centrifugal vortex nozzle contains chassis, cap nut, insert with tapered thread of tangential channels, swirling chamber, nozzle and disc adjacent to the end of the liner by tangential channels. Liner and disk are made of cermets, input edge of tangential channels are rounded. In the face of the sleeve nut, axisymmetric to the body, the central hole is made, consisting of the cylindrical part and of the conical part. The liner has a tangential channels, which are situated in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the chassis, as well as the swirling chamber connected with tangential channels. To the face of the sleeve nut, the flow is axisymmetric shell, plate mounted sprayer consisting of perpendicular axis of the hull and a parallel plates, one of which, the first plate has a central hole, and the second plate is made solid and is attached to the first by fasteners. The second solid plate of the plate sprayer is made rather convex or concave then plane, at that tip of the convex surface can be directed both towards end face of the sleeve nut, and from it, and second plate of the plate sprayer is made perforated at area limited by the calibrated inserted washers, installed between plates of the plate sprayer.EFFECT: reduced hydraulic resistance of the injector upon keeping the flowrate characteristics, assurance of homogeneous degree of mixing with inflowing medium.2 dwg

Nozzle // 2614620
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: nozzle comprises a hollow cylindrical body with the divider of the vortex flow in the upper part of the housing is formed external thread for connection to the nozzle distribution manifold for liquid supply, and at the bottom of the case is made an external thread for connection with a tapered divider vortex flow through a holder formed in the form of ring to which are attached the outer and inner perforated surface, wherein the housing has an inner cylindrical chamber that serves to supply a liquid in which is installed coaxially with a gap relative to an inner side surface of the swirl formed in the bush with the helical external thread with a large pitch trapezoidal profile and fixed by means of an internal thread on the rod that is fixed on the upper side to the body by means of the filter.EFFECT: fine liquid spraying efficiency increase.2 cl, 1 dwg

Complex with filter for dry cleaning of explosive gas mixtures // 2614281
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: complex filter for dry cleaning of explosive gas mixtures comprises a bag filter 1 connected to the input flue 2, on which the inlet shut-off valve 3 and the pipe 18 with the shutoff valve 19 for connection to the atmosphere are mounted. The exhauster 5, the output shut-off valve 6, the pipe 20 with the shutoff valve 21 for connection to the atmosphere and to the gas sampler 22 are mounted on the outlet flue 4. Before the filter 1 downstream an explosion-localizing gas chamber 7 connected to the input flue 2 and to the filter 1 through the normally open self-closing in case of explosion valves 8 and 10 respectively. The explosion-localizing chamber 7 is provided with the igniter 11, the anti-explosion safety valve 12, the pipe 13 with the gate 14 for connecting to the atmosphere and to the explosion pressure sensor relay 15, which is electrically connected through the gas cleaning control system to the electric drives of the input shut-off valve 3, the output shut-off valve 6 and the exhauster 5. The filter housing 1 is made airtight. The explosion-localizing chamber 7 and the filter 1 are provided with airtight dust dumpers.EFFECT: location of the explosion-localizing chamber prevents the explosion wave spread and the filter elements destruction while cleaning explosive gas mixtures.2 cl, 1 dwg

Actuating mechanism for fire extinguishing sprinkler-starter // 2614206
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: mechanism comprises a frangible closure formed as a cylindrical electrical insulator with thinning in the middle part and mounted between the sprinkle valve and the adjusting screw of sprinkler. There is a temperature sensor arranged in the form of wire ring with shape memory effect with rigidly fixed ends. The ring embraces closure and one of the sides of sprinkler bow, it is connected to the control unit and a power source with electrically forced start.EFFECT: increase of water extinguishing system reliability.5 cl, 3 dwg

Kss sprayer // 2613913
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: sptayer includes a housing, a fitting and coaxially disposed fitting swirl insert with an external helical thread and an expanding tapered holes inside. The fitting has an inlet straight hole connected to a diffuser formed axisymmetrically in the casing. At the bottom of the housing, a nozzle is located axisymmetrically to the housing. In this case, the nozzle is made two-stage and coaxial to the swirl insert by diffuser. The first diffuser stage is a continuation of the widening tapered hole formed inside the swirl insert made of wear-resistant material. The second diffuser stage is a continuation of his first stage. On its inner conical surface, helical thread is made. The conical surface with a helical thread of the second diffuser stage is made perforated. Axially and axisymmetrically to the housing, on the disk with holes, a tube is mounted at the fitting top designed for supplying air to the mixing chamber of the nozzle. The mixing chamber is made with a perforated bottom and at least three throttles arranged perpendicular to the tube axis.EFFECT: improved liquid spray quality, sprayer performance, and hydraulic losses reduction.1 dwg
obile system for unmanned aerial monitoring // 2612754
FIELD: physics, navigation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aerial monitoring using unmanned aerial vehicles and can be used to detect natural and manmade emergency situations and elimination of consequences thereof. The mobile system is an all-terrain vehicle (1), equipped with special-purpose rescue equipment: a short (2) and medium (3) range airplane-type unmanned aerial vehicle, a helicopter-type small unmanned aerial vehicle (4), equipped with a set of detachable target load modules (5), a ground control station (6), a video terminal (7), radio communication means (8), a portable self-contained weather station (9), a set of life support means (10), elastic and mechanical launch devices (11) for airplane-type unmanned aerial vehicles, as well as storage batteries for unmanned aerial vehicles and other onboard and ground equipment for providing a radio telemetric communication system. Coordinates of areas of emergency situations are determined by a satellite navigation system (12). General management is carried out from a rescue operations (13) management headquarters.EFFECT: invention prolongs and increases the range of monitoring an area of an emergency situation, and wider field of use of the system.3 dwg

Preventive fire protection device // 2611941
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: device comprises such parts of impact detection and airbags actuating system as impact detectors and a processing/control unit for actuating the valve means to provide compressed air through pipes to foam generators which are located directly at the potential fire area. Foam generators contain foaming solution which, combined with compressed air, forms a foam to be used for fire extinguishing. Use of components safe for human for fire extinguishing allows to minimize the negative impact of fire extinguishing agent to the occupants of a vehicle and immediately activate the device for fire protection of the passenger compartment after an emergency. The device disconnects the vehicle battery, which is a dangerous source of ignition. To this regard, the valve device is provided with a latch, which allows to ensure an open state of the valve means after activation of the fire extinguishing system and power disconnaction. The valve means comprises a contact device power circuit breaker, which provides the connection of the vehicle battery with all the onboard power supply system.EFFECT: increased efficiency of preventive fire protection.1 dwg
ethod of creating fire barriers around settlements against prairie fires // 2611877
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire protection of settlements from prairie fires by creation of fire barriers at their outer perimeter. Method involves creation of fire-protection barriers, along external perimeter of settlements fire barriers are created consisting of plowed strips and forest belt of fire enduring fast growing kinds of trees and bushes, which delay transfer of burning particles and coal.EFFECT: proposed method is one of most important measures to protect settlements from dry winds, dust and snow drifts, smoke and soot, it improves landscape and creates comfortable conditions for living.1 cl, 1 dwg

Drencher // 2611868
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in a drencher the spraying element is designed as a sleeve, to which a plug is attached through arcs located on the conical surface. The cross section of the arcs are profiled to increase the effect of fine foam solution spraying.EFFECT: increased fire extinguishing efficiency.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of research on emergency developement on explosive hazardous objects // 2611327
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: model of explosive hazardous object is set into the test cell, and video cameras are set along its inner and outer perimeters. An opening which is covered with explosion-proof element set for loose fit on three elastic pins is made in the ceiling of module. Triaxial pressure sensor is set between the explosive fragmentation element and the opening. There are a temperature and a humidity sensors on both sides of the pressure sensor, which control the hydrothermal regime in model. Inductive movement sensor registers dynamics of movement of explosion-proof element in explosion. Internal and external surfaces of model fencing are supplied with strain gauges. Video cameras and sensors are connected to units of recording equipment. After processing of experimental data the information base is formed and mathematical model which predicts prevention of an emergency is made.EFFECT: increased efficiency of protection of technological equipment and human resources from emergencies.3 cl, 1 dwg

Kochetov's nozzle to spray fluids // 2611320
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: nozzle for spraying liquids contains a hollow body with a nozzle and the central core. The body has the fluid feed channel and includes the rigidly coupled sleeve with nozzle fixed in its lower part. The nozzle is designed in the form of cylindrical two-step sleeve, the upper cylindrical step is connected by means of the thread joint with the central cylindrical core, having the internal through central hole and installed with the ring clearance relatively to the internal surface of the cylindrical sleeve. The ring clearance is connected with radial channels, made in the two-step sleeve to communicate with circular cavity, formed by the sleeve inner surface and top cylindrical step outer surface. The ring cavity is connected with body channel for liquid supply. In the bottom part of the central cylindrical core the hollow conical swirler is fixed, the conical shell of which is fixed by means of spokes, fixed at one end to a swirler conical shell, in its upper part, and at the other end - in the ring groove, formed on the inner surface of the central cylindrical core. The screw thread is cut on the outer surface of the hollow conical swirler.EFFECT: fine liquid spraying efficiency increase.1 dwg
Test bench to test antiblast elements // 2611238
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: pattern of explosion hazardous facility is installed in the test bench of antiblast elements in the test cell, and video cameras for video surveillance are installed along its inner and outer perimeters, and the outputs from the video cameras is connected through the inner cavity of the spacers to the unit, by which the recording and registration of the running processes of process parameters changing in the pattern is made. In the ceiling part of the pattern the opening is made, it is covered by the antiblast element, free installed on three resilient rods, one end of each rod is rigidly fixed in the pattern ceiling, and on the another end horizontal bar is installed. The triaxial pressure sensor of antiblast design is installed between the explosive fission element and opening, the output of which is connected to the input of the recording and registration equipment. Internal and external surfaces of the pattern guarding are provided with glued strain sensors, their outputs are connected with input of recording and registration equipment as well.EFFECT: improving protection efficiency of process equipment against explosions by increasing quick action and reliability of breaking flanges actuation.3 dwg
Fabricated shelter of kochetov // 2610817
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: fabricated shelter comprises a frame, a gateway location for evacuees, filter unit, toilet and water supplies and food, it is equipped with modular pre-fabricated earthquake-proof structure comprising connected into a single structure blocks and connectors system, which consists of elements made in form of blocks, some of which are in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped with the grooves formed on the four faces of the parallelepiped in the plane of symmetry. Grooves made with cylindrical holes for the outer diameter of the cylindrical body of the connecting element, and the other blocks are associated with the first and formed as a rectangular parallelepiped with studs formed on the four faces of the parallelepiped. Spikes are made with cylindrical holes for the outer diameter of the cylindrical body of the connecting element. Surface grooves and studs are equidistant congruent and equal of, and connected at the block fabricated structures by connecting elements, characterized in that inside the cylindrical body of the connecting element axially and coaxially to it is a cylindrical tubular damping element consisting of a cylindrical shell with a base made of a hard elastic vibration-damping material, the inner cavity of which is filled with a damping material, such as sand, or vibration damping mastic. The internal cavity of the coupling member between the cylindrical housing and the outer surface of the cylindrical shell of the cylindrical tubular damping element is less stiff vibration damping material, eg polyurethane, and the positioning drives the coupling member rigidly secured to the flange, oppositely disposed cylindrical threaded bushings are formed combination consisting of at least three layers: a hard external executed, and a third layer disposed between them, is made in damping form.EFFECT: reduced time of building the shelter by equipping the frame closed block stuckture.5 dwg

ethod for controlling air fire-extinguishing plant and device for its implementation // 2610816
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to scope of sprinkler air fire-extinguishing plants. Method for controlling sprinkler air fire-extinguishing plant consists in combination of action principles of sprinkler air fire-extinguishing system, sprinkler-and-drencher fire-extinguishing plant, and sprinkler fire-extinguishing plant equipped with sprinklers, with actuation control device. At actuation of sprinkler equipped with actuation control device, mounted on distribution network, control unit without delay, which is characteristic for air sprinkler plants, can open signal valve and ensure flow of water into fire focus.EFFECT: at high capacity of branched system of feed pipelines, controlled shut-off devices are additionally used, installed at origin of each zone of distribution network, and connected to output of control unit, appropriate for given zone, which additionally to opening signal valve performs issuing command signal to open shut-off device in zone, wherein actuated sprinkler stands.4 cl, 2 dwg
Firewater system // 2610760
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: firewater system includes a pipeline distributing system equipped with monitored start fire sprinklers, the device alarm control and management of the fire, which is connected with fire loop incorporating the fire detectors and the signal line, which includes start devices, electrically connected with fire sprinklers.EFFECT: enhancement of firewater system reliability by optimizing fire-fighting center position considering the initial fire location.7 dwg
System of security, fire alarm and automatic fire extinguishing for rolling stock // 2610391
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to security and fire alarm and automatic fire extinguishing systems adapted for use in rolling stock. System of security, fire alarm and automatic fire extinguishing for rolling stock includes units of monitoring, indication and control, remote control units combined via a switching unit into an integrated system with heat and smoke detectors, sound and light detectors, actuating fire extinguishing devices, a backup power supply unit, locomotives communication devices and a radio communication adapter. System includes doors state sensors, a storage batteries charge level control system of the backup power supply unit, a motion parameters recorder adapter and an adapter of the network for data transmission on the system operation to a server of the unified system for monitoring locomotives onboard systems operation. Herewith the logic unit has the function of automatic shutdown of the locomotive process equipment before running fire extinguishing actuators by lowering the pantograph and switching off fans when using in electric locomotives or by thrust collection circuit breaking and the diesel shutdown when using in diesel locomotives prior to starting fire extinguishing systems.EFFECT: system can operate in three modes: "MANUAL", "MANUAL WITH DELAY" and "AUTOMATIC" and in addition to the functions of fire and fire extinguishing control it implements the security function in the storage yard mode.1 cl
Stand for emergency simulation // 2610106
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: explosive object model is installed on the racks in the test box and is equipped with the transport and suspension systems. The explosion-proof element is mounted over the opening at the top of the model. Emergency alert system includes a node fixing the "weak link" in the safety system of the explosive object responsive to the occurrence of the emergency, made, for example, as a safety indicator mounted between the flanges, which are rigidly fixed to the upper part of the armored metal plating of the explosion panel metal frame. The safety indicator consists of a sensor responsive to the deformation, for example, of the strain gage, the output of which is connected to the signal amplifier, for example, the strain amplifier, and the strain amplifier output is connected to the input of the emergency alert system.EFFECT: increased protection efficiency of the technological equipment and human resources from the emergency by the possibility of the emergency situation prediction at the accident of the explosive object.4 dwg
ethod for predicting emergency situation development on explosive object // 2610105
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: model of the explosive object is set in the test cell . The camcorders of the explosion-proof design are set on its inner and outer perimeters. The opening is made in the ceiling part of the model, which is closed with an explosion-proof element. The triaxial pressure sensor of the explosion-proof design is set between the explosive fragmentation element and the opening . The temperature and humidity sensors controlling the hydrothermal regime in the model are set on both sides of the pressure sensor. The inner and the outer surfaces of the model enclosures are pasted with the strain gauges. The outputs of the cameras and sensors are connected to the unit input of the recording and registering equipment. After processing of the experimental data, the information database is formed on the emergency development at the accident on the explosive object and the mathematical model, predicting the emergency prevention at the accident on the explosive object, is made.EFFECT: increased protection efficiency of the technological equipment and human resources from the emergency by the possibility of the emergency situation prediction at the accident of the explosive object.1 dwg
Kochetov's method of emergency simulation on explosive hazardous objects // 2609389
FIELD: fire-prevention facilities.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems preventing the emergency situation development. The explosive object model is mounted on racks and equipped with explosion-proof elements to be studied. Inside the model, the explosion initiator is set. On the outer side of the model, around explosion protection elements, video cameras in the armoured embodiment are installed. Between the additional elements attached to the butts of the abutment sheets and the metal frame with the armoured metal plating, bushings of quickly-destroyed material are mounted on the support rods. The security indicator is fixed on top of the explosive object covering, near the aperture intended for dumping excess pressure. The security indicator is, e.g., a strain gage, the output of which is connected to the signal amplifier, e.g. a strain amplifier. The strain amplifier output is connected to the input of the emergency alert system device.EFFECT: invention improves the efficiency of the protection of technological equipment and human resources from emergencies.4 dwg
Forecasting method of emergency development at explosive object // 2609387
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical and general machine engineering, in particular to the safety systems preventing the emergency development. A model of the explosive object is placed in the test cubicle. Video cameras are mounted in the inner and outer perimeters of the model. In the ceiling of the model there is an opening, which is closed with the explosion-proof element set for loose fitting on the three elastic pins. A 3-D pressure sensor is installed between the explosive fission element and the opening in the explosion-proof design. Temperature and humidity sensors are installed at both sides of the pressure sensor. The internal and external surfaces of the model fencing are pasted with the strain gauge. The cameras and the sensors are connected to the recording and registering equipment. The information database for the development of emergency is formed and the mathematical model predicting emergency prevention at the hazardous facility accident is made after processing of the experimental data.EFFECT: invention improves the protection efficiency of the technological equipment and the human resources from emergencies.1 dwg

ethod for reserve extinguish fires on diesel locomotives // 2608919
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to extinguishing fires inside a rolling stock (diesel locomotive) body. Method for reserve extinguishing fires on diesel locomotives includes the diesel engine shutdown, de-energizing the high-voltage chamber, increasing water pressure in the diesel engine cooling system. To increase water pressure in the diesel engine cooling system used is compressed air from tanks of the feed main line of the diesel locomotive pneumatic system. Compressed air pressure is reduced down to 0.3…0.5 MPa and directed to the diesel engine hot water cooling circuit and the cold water cooling circuit of oil and supercharging air, where the water pressure is increased, which is then fed into a dosing tank with foam agents and to a foam generator to form mechanically mixed air-water foam.EFFECT: proposed method for reserve extinguishing fires on a diesel locomotive enables reliable and efficient extinguishing fires.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of combined fire-fighting of burning blowouts on gas, oil and gas and oil wells // 2608381
FIELD: nanotechnologies.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to nanotechnologies in field of fire-fighting equipment. Method for combined fire-fighting of burning blowouts on gas, oil and gas & oil wells simultaneously with blowout quenching by water-gas streams includes additional supply in pulse mode of fire-extinguishing powder into blowout burning zone above water-gas streams. At that, as fire-extinguishing powder substance nano powder is used. Creating nano powder concentration in controlled zone, sufficient for fire and explosion hazardous environment inhibiting during time, required for flame suppression. At that, during extinguishing performing simultaneous movement of water-gas streams and fire extinguishing powder flow along burning flame axis in upward direction.EFFECT: technical result is increasing powders inhibitory action during marked fires total flooding.1 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl

Fire extinguishing fluid fire extinguishing module // 2607967
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of fire extinguishing, in particular, to modular device for fires and ignitions isolation and extinguishing in class A and B buildings. Fine atomized extinguishing fluid fire extinguishing module comprises sealed housing, filled with fire extinguishing fluid with provision of free space above its level. In housing upper part gas generator is arranged, coaxially arranged in barrel. Between walls of gas generator and barrel cavity is formed with provision of interaction between it and space above fluid level in housing. In module housing lower part cylindrically shape release nozzle is mounted, provided with rupture disc. For fluid fine spraying sprayer is installed, which is made in form of hollow body, installed directly on outlet nozzle making its bottom part, where paired channels are made uniformly in annular rows with provision of each pair of channels axes intersection between each other outside of sprayer at distance of 5–8 mm from sprayer outer surface, paired channels rows are made, at least, at two levels in sprayer height, bisectors of angles between lower level paired channels are oriented relative to sprayer axis at angle of 20–35 degrees, and of upper level are at angle of 45–70 degrees, in direction of protected surface. Ratio of sprayer channel length and channel diameter makes 1:0.2–0.5.EFFECT: when using module provided is uniform distribution of fire extinguishing fluid over entire surface of protected object with absence of “dead” zones.5 cl, 3 dwg

Sprinkler fire extinguishing system // 2607808
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment and can be used in extinguishing fires. In a sprinkler fire extinguishing system the sprinkler consists of a base, which is connected with at least two arc-shaped holders to retain a bushing with a spreader fixed on it. Spreader is configured as a diffuser with a bent towards the base belt with tabs arranged along generating lines of the belt conical surface. Inside the spreader there is an additional sprayer made in the form of a cup attached by means of at least three radial, horizontally arranged flat tabs to the inner surface of the spreader. Cup axis coincides with axes of a through channel of the nozzle and the bushing. Inner cavity of the cup is directed towards the bushing. Glass flask with its lower end rests on a valve via a resilient gasket fixed on the outer end surface of the valve. Valve rests on the base in the form of a nozzle with a taper thread and a through channel. Glass flask with its upper end rests on the holder installed in the lower part of the bushing with the spreader fixed on it. Holder is installed in the lower part of the bushing with a gap. Sprayer cup of the sprinkler represents a surface of a truncated cone equidistant and congruent to the outer surface of the cup.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of fire extinguishing by introducing high-speed elements in the common circuit of the automatic fire extinguishing system.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of firefighting using a nano-powder and device for its implementation (versions) // 2607770
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to nanotechnologies in field of fire-fighting equipment. Method of firefighting with a nano-powder comprises delivering a shell with the firefighting powder to the fire seat using a thrower, destruction of said shell and supplying of firefighting substance to the fire seat in the form of nano-powder.EFFECT: proposed technical solution relates to the throwing firefighting means.3 cl, 4 dwg

Device to extinguish fire in high-rise buildings // 2605986
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment, specifically to devices for fire extinguishing in high-rise buildings, mounted on automobile hoisting devices, automotive stairs, with fire extinguishing liquid spraying, mainly water, on burning surface and flame with moving outlet elements rotated by reaction jet. Device for extinguishing fire in high-rise buildings consists of a head part with a sprinkler of fire extinguishing liquid, a rod and hydraulic cylinder to change position of rod relative to horizon. Head part consists of two links: fixed and movable. Fixed link is attached to rod. Movable link is turned in horizontal plane by required angle of ±90°, on which freely rotates under action of reaction of fire-extinguishing liquid jet of wheel sprayer. Wheel is fitted with 2 ore more nozzles for spraying. Movable link is fitted with three video cameras with a common viewing angle at 360° in horizontal plane and at 120–140° in vertical plane. Rod is fitted with a loudspeaker and microphone in protected cases for two-way communication with people, in room.EFFECT: technical result is ensuring coverage of flame and burning surfaces in entire room, creation of effect of volume fire-fighting; monitoring of fire situation in room with help of video surveillance.9 cl, 3 dwg

Fire-extinguishing agent and fire-extinguishing method using same // 2605565
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a fire-extinguishing agent, as well as a fire-extinguishing method, fire-extinguisher and fire-extinguishing system, using said agent. Fire-extinguishing agent contains a biological surfactant, specifically a lipopeptide compound or salt thereof.EFFECT: agent exhibits excellent extinguishing property and is characterised by high safety for environment and human body.5 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 10 ex

Territorial system for monitoring, warning and control of municipal and/or object level upon threat, occurence, during and at elimination of emergency situations // 2605505
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automated systems for monitoring of objects state and ambient environment and public warning. Hardware-software system includes interface and control device, peripheral devices controllers, central post dispatcher automated workstation, terminal devices in form of commands generating sources, warning devices and actuating devices. Interface and control device includes RS 232/485 interface unit, interface unit with local area network, speech synthesizer unit, MP3 files playback unit, remote devices bus unit, supply voltage control unit, clock station unit, telephone interface unit, GSM unit, “Tricolor” television broadcast network signals receiving unit, intercoms control unit, radio station control unit, tone frequency channels unit, display unit. Each unit is independent device with own microcontroller. Units are interconnected by system bus.EFFECT: technical result of invention is increasing efficiency, reliability and accuracy of emergency situations occurrence risk determination and efficiency of public alerting on ocurred situation.20 cl, 2 dwg

Sprinkler for fire fighting installation // 2605113
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment and can be used in water and air-water sprinkler systems, as well as in drencher systems. Sprinkler fire fighting installation consists of a water supply of a network of main and distribution pipelines with sprinkler heads. Spray cup of sprinkler can be made in form of a hemisphere with an inner cavity, equidistant and congruent to outer spherical surface of Cup. Spray cup of sprinkler can also be made in form of a truncated cone with an inner cavity, directed towards a sleeve and made in form of a surface of a truncated cone, equidistant and congruent to outer surface of cup.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of fire extinguishing ensured by introducing high-speed elements in common circuit for automatic fire extinguishing system.1 cl, 2 dwg

Spraying head // 2604574
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to spraying head intended for fire extinguishing. Spraying head includes connecting part, body of spraying head with at least one nozzle, and thermally activated starting device, at that said body of spraying head is installed in connecting part and is configured to move between two positions; first position, wherein spraying head is inactive, and second position wherein body of spaying head is protruded in ready position before activation of thermally activated starting device, at that said body of spraying head is movable under pressure of substance relative to connecting part from first position to second position, locking device therein is mounted between body of spraying head and connecting part, and adapted to retain body of spraying head in first position until pressure of substance does not exceed specified value, locking device therein comprises first annular groove on outer part of body of spraying head and second annular groove on inner section of connecting part, while between first annular groove and second annular groove in first position there is lock member.EFFECT: fire extinguishing.15 cl, 3 dwg

ethod for adaptive fire hazard monitoring and adaptive suppression, system therefor // 2604300
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: method for adaptive fire hazard monitoring and adaptive suppression, system for its implementation are intended for multiple-factor control of medium of protected object for early fire detection and localisation thereof in optimal modes of consumption of fire extinguishing agent. Adaptive control and adaptive extinguishing is provided by information executing grouping of autonomous signal-launching devices with input/output address channels, combined by means of system interface. Grouping can independently generate around fire source a group signal-launching devices with higher sensitivity to fire factors and extinguishing by means of controlled actuators (sprinklers, powder modules etc).EFFECT: technical result is characterised by low consumption of fire-extinguishing substance, short process of extinguishing, minimisation of harmful effects of fire.2 cl, 2 dwg

Emergency situation development at explosive facility predicting device // 2603949
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical and general machine building, in particular to safety systems, preventing development of emergency situation. Explosive facility mockup is installed in test box. By mockup internal and external perimeters video cameras in explosion-proof design are installed. In mockup ceiling part opening is made, closed with explosion-proof element. Between mockup ceiling part and damping elements inductive displacement sensor is installed, connected to recording equipment.EFFECT: technical result of invention is increase in efficiency of process equipment and human resources protection from emergencies due to possibility of emergency situations development prediction in case of accident at explosive facility.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of emergency situation development prediction at explosive facility // 2603827
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical and general machine building, in particular to safety systems, preventing development of emergency situation. Disclosed is method of emergency development prediction during accident on explosive facility, consisting in, that using monitoring system with obtained information on hazardous area processing for making decision on emergency situation preventing. Explosive facility mockup is installed in test box, and along its internal and external perimeters video cameras are arranged for video monitoring of emergency situation development process during accident on explosive facility, which is simulated by mounting explosive splintery element with explosion trigger in mockup. Video cameras are made in explosion-proof version, and outputs from video cameras are connected through spacers inner cavity to unit, by means of which the processes of change of parameters in the model are recorded and registered. Registering changes of process parameters in explosive facility mockup recorded waveform processes by means of system analyzers, and in mockup ceiling part opening is made, which is closed with explosion-proof element, installed freely on three resilient pins, one end of each of which is rigidly fixed in mockup ceiling, and at second horizontal bar is fixed between explosive fragmentation element and opening. Installing three-dimensional pressure sensor in explosion-proof design, which output is connected to recording and registering equipment unit input, and at both sides of pressure transmitter temperature and humidity sensors are installed, controlling temperature and humidity conditions in mockup, which outputs are also connected to recording and registering equipment unit input, and mockup enclosures inner and outer surfaces are with glued strain sensors, which outputs are also connected to recording and registering equipment hardware input. After processing of obtained experimental data forming data base on emergency situation development in case of accident at explosive facility and drawing up mathematical model, forecasting emergency prevention in case of accident at explosive facility.EFFECT: technical result is increase in efficiency of process equipment and human resources protection from emergencies due to possibility of emergency situations development prediction in case of accident at explosive facility.1 cl, 2 dwg

Self-contained gas fire extinguishing box-type plant // 2603755
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to self-contained gas fire extinguishing plant. Gas fire extinguishing self-contained box-type unit, made in form of housing, on front panel of which liquid crystal display is located, power switch buttons. Inside housing are rigidly mounted and connected to each other power supply unit, storage batteries, fire-fighting unit, comprising cylinder with fire-extinguishing substance, membrane safety device, consisting of self-destructing membrane and clamping bolt. Electromagnetic drive represents metal cylinder, inside of which spring-loaded rod is arranged, which in initial state is retained by permanent magnet. Aspiration chamber comprises laser smoke detectors, fan, replaceable filters, air flow rate monitoring sensor, relay board. Relay board comprises five signal relays "Fire", "Attention", "Accident", "Automatics off", "Fire extinguishing start", three power programmable relays, interface terminal, door control sensor flat cable terminal, external starting line flat cable terminal, microcontroller board.EFFECT: technical result is fire detection and fire extinguishing system automatic activation over short period of time.4 cl, 8 dwg

Lock with thermal disengagement // 2603578
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatic fire extinguishing means and can be used for fire extinguishing. Before operation shaft 6 is set by a clockwise turn to the initial position. Herewith body of revolution 3 extends from locking surface 5 overcoming spring 8 force thus enabling shaft 6 turn, and spring 8 twists to make the shaft return moment. After the moment of installation is over the revolution body is again at the locking surface, self-locking of shaft 6 occurs and mark 11 will stay on top. Herewith separation of the inlet and the outlet branch pipes of housing 1 by shaft 6 takes place. Fire occurrence will lead to higher temperature near housing 1 and further heating of ring 9, which will start increasing in diameter. Between the ring and ledge 10 a gap will appear, under the effect of return moment of shaft 6 revolution body 3 will move along locking surface 5 of cantilever beam 2 lifting the latter. Flowing through the whole locking surface 5, the body of revolution starts turning not preventing rotation of shaft 6 counterclockwise due to return moment of spring 8. Hyped by spring shaft rotates at high angle, as the result of which the inlet and the outlet branch pipes are connected through hole 7 of the shaft, and a fire-extinguishing substance is delivered into actuating devices feeding it into a source of fire.EFFECT: simplified design, expanded functional capabilities and better operational characteristics.4 cl, 2 dwg

Test bench for breaking elements of buildings and structures // 2602548
FIELD: security systems.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems in emergency situations and can be used for explosion protection of buildings and structures, as well as of process equipment. Test bench includes an explosion chamber, in the upper base of which there is a hole covered with an easy-to-discard element, herewith the square of the hole can be varied by screwing in replaceable rings, and the easy-to-discard element covers the hole in the ring, above which a protective screen is fixed, herewith the second hole is covered by a valve, which is pressed to the hole with the help of an electromagnet and is opened by a spring at opening contacts, and the force of the valve and the spring compression is set so, that their total force is equal to the tolerable pressure multiplied by the square of the valve hole, herewith the easy-to-discard element comprises a metal armored frame with a metal armored plating and lead as a filler with its ends four fixed branch pipes - supports, in the coating of the explosive object there are rigidly embedded four bearing rods telescopically inserted into fixed branch pipes - panel supports, herewith the filler is made as an air-lead disperse system, wherein lead is in the form of frit, the bearing rods are flexible, characterized by that between the additional elements and the metal frame with the armored metal plating on the bearing rods there are bushings from an easily destructible material, for example glass of triplex type.EFFECT: higher protection efficiency of buildings and structures, and also process equipment against explosions.1 cl, 3 dwg

Kochetov stand for testing destructive elements of buildings and structures // 2602544
FIELD: security systems.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety systems in emergency situations and can be used for explosion protection of buildings and structures, as well as of process equipment. Test bench for breaking elements of buildings and structures includes a explosion chamber, in the upper base of which there is a hole covered with an easy-to-discard breaking element. Chamber is a metal vessel of the volume equal to 500÷1,000 cm3 with the wall thickness of 7÷8 mm, herewith in the upper base of the vessel there is a hole covered with an easy-to-discard element. Square of the hole can be varied by screwing in replaceable rings, herewith the discarding element covers the hole in the ring, above which there is a protective screen fixed, and the second hole is covered by a valve, which is pressed to the hole with the help of an electromagnet and is opened by a spring at opening contacts. Force of the valve and the spring compression is set so, that their total force is equal to the tolerable pressure multiplied by the square of the valve hole. Traction force of the electromagnet can be varied by varying current through a rheostat by means of a movable contact of the rheostat. To measure the electromagnet and spring the electromagnet current value in which is controlled from the same rheostat by switching contacts. To adjust the required difference of forces of the electromagnet and the spring there is a dynamometer, and to form a vapour-air explosive mixture in the chamber there is a plug-evaporator, into which with the help of a burette the required quantity of a flammable liquid is introduced, and the plug is screwed in so, that the liquid vapour through openings in walls of the plug-evaporator enter the explosion chamber and, being mixed with the air, form an explosive mixture. Mixture is ignited by an electric spark from an inductance coil. In one of the end walls of the explosion chamber there is a hole for a union, in which a tube is fixed from a blower closed by a shutoff valve, and in the other opposite located explosion chamber end wall there is a hole for a union closed by a shutoff valve, which serves to maintain pressure in the chamber during evaporation of the liquid. Square of the hole can be varied by screwing in replaceable rings, and the discarding element covers the hole in the ring, above which there is a protective screen fixed.EFFECT: higher efficiency of protection of buildings, structures and process equipment against explosions.1 cl, 4 dwg

Fire extinguishing aerosol generator // 2602484
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for volumetric fire fighting using a gas-aerosol mixture of inhibitors. Fire extinguishing aerosol generator comprises equipped with heat-resistant lining and igniter of external initiation of a cylindrical housing, accommodating functional charge and metal pipeline for communicating combustion chamber with receiver under cover with outlet holes. Coaxial housing of functional charge is made in form of a pyrotechnic cartridge with axial channel, wherein through heat-insulating shell there is a metal pipe, communicates via retarded-ignition device, located in bulk layer of a fire retardant, bounded by transverse mesh diaphragms with gas-generating charge, located under annular insulating bridge, forming receiver, wherein cover is aligned with additional cooler, made in form of a shell equipped with injection windows.EFFECT: technical result is higher payload.1 cl, 1 dwg

Shipboard fire extinguishing system pneumatic pump // 2602471
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building and is intended for use in marine equipment objects fire extinguishing system for simultaneous transfer of water and a surface-active fire-extinguishing substance. Pump includes housing, two drive chambers, which by means of drive pneumatic lines are connected to pneumatic distributor with limit switches. Two opposite located working chambers are combined in one cylinder and separated by pistons, which are installed on one rod. Has sealing devices. Additionally on working chambers side opposite and coaxially to them two additional working cylinders with hydro pistons are installed, each of which is rigidly connected to closest piston. At that, working chambers and cylinders are made with possibility of providing pumped solution initial components constant ratio, are equipped with suction and delivery valves and connected with mixing device via pressure pipelines, containing mixing cavity, bushing with shaft and swirler, rotating on bearings.EFFECT: enhanced pump capabilities for simultaneous transfer of two different fluids with specified percentage and mixing said fluids at output, reduced pressure pulsations in discharge pipeline.1 cl, 6 dwg

Kochetov atomizer to spray fluids // 2600901
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluids spraying equipment and can be used in firefighting equipment. Fluid atomizer comprises housing with nozzle and central core. In housing liquid supply channel is made. Housing has bushing rigidly attached to it, in lower part of which nozzle is attached. Nozzle is made in form of cylindrical two-staged bushing, which upper cylindrical stage is connected with central core by threaded joint. Core is installed with annular gap relative to cylindrical bushing inner surface, wherein annular gap is connected with radial channels made in said two-staged bushing. Sprayer is rigidly fixed to central core in its lower part. Sprayer is made in form of truncated cone attached by its upper base to central core cylinder base. Splitter is attached to truncated cone lower base by means of pins, which is made in form of round end plate, which edges are bent towards annular gap, and truncated cone on outer side surface there are helical grooves.EFFECT: high efficiency of liquid fine spraying.1 cl, 1 dwg

Kochetov pneumatic sprayer // 2600900
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to spraying of fluids. Fluid sprayer comprises hollow cylindrical housing with nozzle, in which orifice holes are made. Housing consists of cylindrical part with outer thread for connection to distribution pipeline union and two series-connected therewith, hollow cylindrical-taper belts. Nozzle made in form sleeve is attached in housing bottom, in bottom of which vertical and inclined orifice holes are made at angle of 45° to nozzle axis. In cylindrical housing belt row of radial holes is made, which axes lie in plane perpendicular to housing axis. Between each other housing and nozzle make several aligned inner chambers: cylindrical, and conical chamber located between them. In nozzle central part gas supply pipe is attached. To one end of tube in its lower part hollow disk with perforation is attached, turned towards nozzle orifice holes output cross-sections.EFFECT: high efficiency of liquid fine spraying.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod and device for integrated volumetric fire extinguishing in air-tight manned objects, mainly submarines // 2600716
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to submarines and other airtight manned objects fire safety ensuring devices. Method of complex volumetric fire fighting in airtight manned objects consists in of supply nitrogen with argon mixture or argon into room to reduce oxygen concentration. Supply is performed through nozzles and via water mist generator with pneumatic electro independent drive. Supplied from the water mist generating device gas is both working gas and component of two-phase water-and-gas mixture. Portion of nitrogen with argon mixture or argon supplied into room independently and/or together with portion of gas, in combination does not exceed portion, supposed for reducing content of oxygen in room less than 10 vol.% at single supply. Pressure increase rate and its absolute value is controlled by pressure relief compressor and it should not exceed absolute pressure of 0.162 MPa. In process of fire extinguishing at final argon content above 30 vol.% safe low oxygen content reduction in gas-air medium is carried out in room at level of 10 vol.% at single supply, and argon concentration in gas-air medium room after fire extinguishing is set above 30 vol.%, wherein oxygen concentration is set on long time of more that 10 hours from 14 to 12 vol.% and for short time is to 10 vol.% under conditions of normal or increased for not more than 0.162 MPa pressure in submarine room. To prevent effect of pressure increase during fire extinguishing pressure relief by compressor into reservoir (bottle) is performed through gas-air medium cleaning unit. To implement method integrated volumetric firefighting device is used, containing cylinders with gas, connected to gas nozzles via main pipelines and distribution pipelines, remotely controlled and manual valves to control over fire suppressant supply and instruments. Device includes atomized water generator with distribution pipeline for supply of nitrogen with argon or argon portion to generator to create two-phase gas-water mixture in generator.EFFECT: disclosed is method of complex volumetric fire fighting in air-tight manned objects.2 cl

ethod for production of sprayed water for fire extinguishing // 2600081
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of high-efficiency fire extinguishing means and can be used in agriculture, in chemical industry devices and in heat power industry. Method involves double water jet spraying process. At the first stage an expansion device is used, in which water under pressure is released through holes located in circumferential direction. Then water is supplied into a hollow cylinder. Cylinder comprises a surface made of a perforated sheet in the form of truncated cone. Dispersion is performed through the step of forming a film of cylindrical shape, which is further dispersed in the perforated surface of the truncated cone, which provides formation of a compact jet of the sprayed water, which preserves its integrity up to the range of 30 m.EFFECT: method enables to obtain sprayed water to extinguish fires with longer range of the jet.3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 dwg

ethod of producing moderating composition for protection of hydrocarbon motor fuel from inflammation // 2599793
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention describes a method of producing a moderating composition for protection of hydrocarbon motor fuel from inflammation, including mixing moderating composition and fuel with subsequent separation of mixture, characterised by that it includes a step for preparing a composition of moderating and inhibiting substances via preliminary mixing thereof in ratio of 1:4 to 4:1 and then adding obtained composition to hydrocarbon motor fuel at ratio of composition: fuel from 1:100 to 1:10 respectively.EFFECT: technical result is possibility of creation of effective flammable mixtures, in particular, combustion of hydrocarbons, use thereof for phlegmatisation of hydrocarbon fuels, particularly, on transport vehicles equipped with internal combustion engines.3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 dwg, 3 ex

Dry sprinkler with multiple coupling arrangements // 2598832
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dry sprinklers. Dry sprinkler consists of external unit, inlet and inner channel. External unit consists of inlet connection, which includes a head part and a main part.EFFECT: head part has outer thread, and main part comprises an outer groove, so that external thread and groove enable alternate connection of sprinkler with a supply pipeline by means of threaded or ring joint.23 cl, 4 dwg

ethod and device for source of fire extinguishing medium of fire extinguishing system // 2598571
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: container (1) is filled with fire extinguishing liquid so that predefined volume (6) remains unfilled. By means of gas supply, for example through filling nozzle (2), pressure in extinguishing liquid container is raised standby pressure (P2), which is higher than switching point (Psw) of pressure sensor or pressure switch (3). When amount of extinguishing liquid (5) in extinguishing liquid container (1) decreases, pressure (P2) of extinguishing liquid container (1) decreases from standby pressure (P2) as fraction of gas volume increases. As a consequence of decrease in amount of extinguishing liquid and when pressure decreases from standby pressure to a second, lower value, which is set as switching limit (Psw) of pressure sensor or pressure switch (3), pressure sensor or pressure switch (3) gives a signal, on basis of which a notification is obtained about low amount of liquid in extinguishing medium container. Present invention also relates to a device.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of controlling amount of liquid in extinguishing liquid container (1) of fire extinguishing apparatus.18 cl, 5 dwg
 
2550891.
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