Devices, apparatus or methods for life-saving (A62B)

A   Human necessities(303198)
A62B              Devices, apparatus or methods for life-saving (valves specially adapted for medical use a61m0039000000; composition of chemical substances used in respirators, gas-masks, breathing apparatus or the like a62d; rescuing from mountains or trees a63b0027000000, a63b0029000000; life-saving devices, apparatus or methods specially adapted for use in water b63c0009000000; divers' equipment b63c0011000000; specially adapted for use with aircraft, e.g. parachutes or ejector seats, b64d; rescue devices peculiar to mining e21f0011000000)(1602)
A62B37 - (52)
A62B37 - (52)
Device for rescue of people in case of fire // 2607781
FIELD: security.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rescue service and is intended for evacuation of people from high-rise buildings in case of fire or other emergency situations. Device for rescue of people in case of fire comprises a frame, fixed on the building wall in interfloor space under the window aperture, working platform, front board, two side boards and locking mechanism, side boards are folding, and the device contains a sliding mechanism, which is a combination of three rods on each lateral side. First rod is fixed by a movable joint with its one end on the frame, second rod is fixed by a movable joint with its one end on the working platform, second ends of the first and second rods are fixed by a movable joint with each other, third rod is fixed by a movable joint with its one end on the front board, and with its other end - on the second rod.EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability of design due to distribution of load on attachment of working platform to the frame and on the rod of sliding mechanism.4 cl, 3 dwg
Cassette for absorbent cartridge // 2606943
FIELD: individual protection means.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design for charging absorbing cartridges in respiratory protection equipment. Cassette for absorbing cartridge (1) comprises sheet of absorbent product (2) in form of continuous tape or in form of several sheets, which are wound on central tube (3) along spiral. Between coils of absorber (2) separation grid (4) is located. Separation grid (4) is made of polyethylene or polypropylene with rhomboid cell size of 2×2.5 mm, which provides passage of purified air between coils of absorber. On outer side of cassette shell (5) is placed, made of paper-like composite material of glass fibers OJSC “Novgorodsky plant of fiberglass”, connected along generatrix with glue seam of molten polyethylene.EFFECT: cassette provides high efficiency of absorbent cartridge due to maintenance of optimal moisture during operation of cassette.8 cl, 9 dwg
Device for lowering of cargoes in atmosphere // 2606784
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of people evacuation from burning buildings. Device for cargo lowering in atmosphere comprises: external parachute canopy and inner parachute canopy of smaller size, connected to each other along perimeter by circular bridge to make closed cavity between them, device for production of compressed gas, connected to cavity to supply compressed gas inside it, slings, made with possibility of changing their length, some ends of which are connected with said canopies, and other ends can be attached to cargo, nozzles, equipped with valves made with possibility of their forced opening and closing placed on aforesaid bridge and connected with cavity, circular confusers made with possibility of their forced opening and closing, placed on external canopy, connected with cavity and oriented along external surface of canopy, passing through cargo.EFFECT: technical result is increase of safety due to avoiding effect of folding and delaying of falling.5 cl, 1 dwg

Self-contained breathing apparatus // 2605075
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: self-contained breathing apparatus using chemically combined oxygen is designed for respiratory protection in emergency situation with higher comfort. Self-contained breathing apparatus using chemically combined oxygen comprises a front part, regenerative cartridge, starting device, valve box, breathing bag, chemical adsorbent, inhalation and exhalation hoses, mounted on exhalation hose control device, in form of air duct with distribution valve, controlled flexible link, fixed on opposite side of valve of respiratory bag. According to invention chemical adsorbent is located in respiratory bag and is connected in parallel to exhalation line with regenerative cartridge through control device, positioned inside respiratory bag, made in form of air duct with distribution valve, connected by flexible link with respiratory bag, wherein input of chemical adsorbent in respiratory bag is connected in series with inhalation valve of valve box and front part, and output to regenerative cartridge.EFFECT: invention provides simultaneous longer protective action on heavy modes of breathing, reduced resistance to breath and temperature reduction during inhalation.1 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl

Self-contained breathing apparatus // 2604291
FIELD: medical equipment.SUBSTANCE: self-contained breathing apparatus using chemically combined oxygen is designed for respiratory protection in emergency situation and comprises a body of film, in which there is placed a regenerative product in the form of reinforced plates. Body is made of separate sections, connected in parallel to the insulation join, and each section is additionally equipped with shutoff element installed on the inlet and outlet of each section. Shutoff element is made up of thermosetting film, produced by tensile deformation of film of ftoroplastic F-4 MB. Between the sections there is installed thermal insulation.EFFECT: invention provides uniform working off of plates of the regenerative product, thereby reducing the weight of the device, reducing breathing resistance and increase usability of use of self-contained respiratory apparatus both in working position, and carrying.7 cl, 8 dwg

ethod of cleaning gas medium in sealed facility and device for its implementation // 2604270
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to protection of respiratory system and can be used in manned sealed facility with regeneration of air. Method of purifying gas medium in sealed facility includes replenishment in sealed facility of the consumable during respiration oxygen, absorption of carbon dioxide from gas medium by absorber. Purification of gas medium is performed by placing in a sealed volume of carbon dioxide absorber, which applied onto a substrate or in the form of plates or strip is fixed on the substrate and subjected to rotary or reciprocating movement. Device for cleaning gas medium in sealed facility, containing placed in sealed object absorber of carbon dioxide and oxygen supply line. Carbon dioxide absorbent is fixed on the substrate, connected via intermediate element with drive rotational or reciprocating movement.EFFECT: technical result consists in ensuring more complete working off of carbon dioxide absorber and simplification of maintenance and simple design and reducing power consumption of air cleaning.11 cl, 11 dwg, 5 graphs

ethod of preventing person from falling when rising and lowering on supports of overhead transmission lines and device therefor // 2602777
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power industry, particularly to methods and devices for preventing a person from falling when raising and lowering on supports overhead transmission lines. Method comprises providing continuous movement of linear mounter on support due to movement of safety catching runner on T-shaped profile or movement of safety catching carriage on C-shaped profile. Runner consists of a housing, side parts of which have skids, a handle and an energy absorber. Energy absorber is fixed by one end in opening of handle, and by other end connects connecting tether with safety belt of linear mounter. Second version of invention uses a safety catcher carriage consisting a of wheel chassis with a moving tooth, attachment assembly connected to tooth and through intermediate link with belt falling damper. Damper is connected with connecting clasp with its hook connected to loop of safety belt of linear mounter. C-shaped profile is made with adjacent holes along its length, and carriage is equipped with an absorber, softening action of dynamic loads. Safety catching runner and safety catcher carriage move along T-shaped and C-shaped profiles and, consequently, synchronously with movement of linear mounter up or down along support, and when linear mounter breaks away from support, its movement is immediately stopped, thus preventing its falling from line support.EFFECT: invention provides reliable protection of a person from falling when working on supports of different types of overhead transmission lines, and significantly simplifies technological process of operating linear mounter on supports of overhead transmission lines due to that, worker does not have to constantly re-attach device on each level of conducting corresponding operations.11 cl, 7 dwg

Headset for respiratory protective device // 2600909
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: proposed is fixation system (100) for respiratory protection device (10). In one of the embodiment examples the system comprises support element (120) for belt containing attachment part (123), first belt (142a) containing first element (150) of the belt fastening, and second belt (142b) containing second element (160) of the belt fastening, herewith the first belt fastening element can be secured to the second belt fastening element and to the attachment part of the support element for the belt while the first and the second belts can be arranged as per the first configuration, where the first belt fastening element is attached only to the second belt fastening element, and as per the second configuration, where the first belt fastening element is attached both to the second belt fastening element and to the attachment part of the support element for the belt.EFFECT: air filtering.24 cl, 8 dwg

Filter face respiratory mask with replaceable component // 2600907
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to respiratory masks. Flat fold filter respiratory mask 10, containing reusable attachment system 14, reusable frame 16 and replaceable filtration component 18. Reusable system 14 fixation is attached to reusable frame 16, and frame 16 has first and second arranged opposite each other panels 28A, 28B forming slot 38, in which replaceable filtering component 18 can be manually inserted for its connection to reusable frame 16 in a detachable manner. Replaceable filtration component 18 can also be separated from reusable frame 16 by its manual extraction from slot 38.EFFECT: proposed respirator provides the possibility of multiple usage of all its parts, apart from filtering component, and the reliable protection of reusable parts from contaminants.20 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

Universal trainer, simulating operation of person in self-contained breathing apparatus // 2597574
FIELD: sports.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment intended for training rules using self-contained breathing apparatus. In base of a universal simulator there is a simulator of respiratory apparatus, in which increase in resistance to breath, volume ratio of carbon dioxide and temperature in breathing mixture is performed due to its heating, change of cross section and redistribution of gas flows, controlled by automatic system based on certain relationships. Simulator of respiratory apparatus is additionally equipped with subsystems for calculation and simulation of parameters of breathing mixture, assessment of status of trained subject and generated pneumotachogram, calculation of physical loads and visual presentation of space.EFFECT: universal simulator enables to simulate without use of flow of chemical materials of breathing conditions of a person during operation with different physical activity in self-contained breathing apparatus with chemically connected and with compressed oxygen with information required for training on screen.3 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of monitoring changes in substance integral composition // 2594344
FIELD: electrical engineering. SUBSTANCE: proposed method relates to electrical measurements and can be used for monitoring changes in integral composition of a substance in chemical industry, mining industry, in systems for monitoring exhaust gases of internal combustion engines, or in similar complex systems, where there is the critical task of monitoring changes in integral composition of a substance being in any aggregate state. Monitoring changes of integral composition of a substance is based on measuring changes in phase progression of a microwave signal in its multiple distribution through a volume of the controlled substance. Each passage of electromagnetic oscillations through the controlled substance is characterized by an artificially introduced frequency shift of the microwave oscillations by a certain value. After homodyne conversion in the microwave mixer of initial microwave oscillations and transformed by frequency oscillations passed through the substance at the output of the mixer there is a series of combination low-frequency difference components, of which one is selected determined by the required ratio of the passage of microwave oscillations through the substance. Accuracy of measuring changes in integral composition of the substance is high and in general case it is directly proportional to the number of passes of the microwave oscillations through the controlled substance of a known linear size. EFFECT: system built and functioning as per the proposed method allows measuring integral composition of a substance being in any aggregate state, and, in contrast to short-lived thermochemical, expensive optical, catalytic and other analyzers, is resistant to dust and contaminants, is not characterized by ageing of the system elements. 1 cl

ethod of monitoring changes in integral gas medium composition // 2594342
FIELD: mining. SUBSTANCE: one of the main tasks for providing safety of works in coal mines is monitoring the content of dangerous gases and mixtures in the mine atmosphere, among which the highest threats are methane and coal dust. Proposed method relates to electrical measurements and can be used for monitoring a change in the composition of integral gas medium in coal mines, in systems for monitoring exhaust gases released as the result of human industrial activities, or in similar complex systems, where there is the critical task of monitoring the concentration of secondary explosion and fire hazardous products. Monitoring changes of the integral gas medium is based on measuring changes in phase progression of a microwave signal at its multiple propagation along a closed waveguide structure, through which ambient air is also passed. By adjusting both total length of the waveguide structure serving as the measuring route and tuning frequency of the band-pass low-frequency filter identifying an informational low-frequency signal it is possible to obtain various sensitivity of the system as a whole. As per the proposed method it is a variable parameter. This allows performing common calibration relative to a certain type of controlled substance with a known value of its dielectric permeability, for example, inflammable, explosive and/or toxic gases. Owing to the use of the waveguide structure, inside which an ambient air flow circulates, the need to use additional repeaters remote from the measurement unit is completely excluded. Accuracy of measuring changes of the integral air composition operating as per the proposed method is high and in general case it will be directly proportional to the number of cycles of microwave oscillations passes inside the waveguide structure of a known length. EFFECT: system built and functioning as per the proposed method is a complete functional unit, the need for spatial division of the system elements herewith with is absent, and, in contrast to short-lived thermochemical, expensive optical, catalytic and other gas analyzers, is resistant to dust and contaminants. 1 cl

ethod of activating device and radio beacon operating when searching for injured people under rubble // 2594340
FIELD: radio engineering. SUBSTANCE: method of an activating device and a radio beacon operating when searching for injured people under rubble relates to ensuring safety of works in mining industry and can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines. Novel of the method of searching for injured people under rubble is that all the personnel of the mine is equipped with beacons built in the battery unit of a mining lamp, and a search group is organized, which is equipped with a device for activation of the radio beacons and with searching devices. Herewith the activation device drives a variable low-frequency magnetic field with a frequency variable for a short period of time, with a preset power and a preset code of radiation, for example, radiation-pause-radiation. This encoded variable magnetic field is caught by a coil with a ferromagnetic core of the mine personnel beacon and at the very first exceeding a certain threshold level of the received and the amplified signal the radio beacon timer is started, which counts time intervals for radiation-pause-radiation and sends corresponding signal to the decoding device input, where the signal from the threshold device output is also sent. If the code of transmission coincides with the received code, a variable low-frequency magnetic field with another frequency is excited and the radio beacon is searched for. Probability of false triggering of the beacon is sufficiently low since the probability of occurrence of a pulse interference with the same time, amplitude and frequency characteristics that those of the encoded signal of the activation device is virtually equal to zero. EFFECT: inefficient power consumption of the accumulator battery of a mining lamp caused by false triggering of the radio beacon, is almost absent. 1 cl

Spark arrester for furnaces (versions) // 2594277
FIELD: agriculture. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to domestic and agriculture needs, in particular, to means of ensuring baths furnaces additional fire safety, fireplaces in cottages, potbelly stoves in tents, in calf hutches on farms with small forms of management both inside rooms and on roof. Technical result is achieved by fact that spark arrester inlet and outlet pipes are shifted in vertical plane along length of its housing, on its top and bottom surfaces, which is made in form of rectangular box with width of not more than 1/4 of its length, wherein spark arrester housing by bottom branch pipe is installed directly on furnace output neck, and on its upper branch combustion pipe with damper in form of flat or round gate is installed, wherein for intensive spark extinguishing and stable, uniform flame trapping, inside box, to its outer end walls are welded, respectively, at least two shortened horizontal plates, which form in box at least three rectangular channels in form of air ducts, for transportation of combustion flame and hot flue gases from furnace, which at their movement in horizontal plane are make alternately respectively, at least four successive rotations in 90°, 180°, 180° and 90° in vertical plane, which stabilizes output of flue gases and eliminating direct heating of entire furnace pipe. In another version technical result is achieved due to, disclosed is proposal to locate spark arrester inlet and outlet branch pipes, without their displacement in vertical plane along length of its housing, on top and bottom surface respectively, and inside box to its outer end walls not less than three shortened horizontal plates are welded, which, at that, form in box at least four rectangular channels in form of air ducts, for transportation of combustion flame and hot flue gases from furnace, which at their movement in horizontal plane are make alternately respectively already at least five consecutive turns in 90°, 180°, 180°, 180° and 90° in vertical plane, which improves stabilization of flame flow and outlet of incandescent flue gases and faster eliminating direct heating of entire furnace tube, since in this time accelerated heating of all walls of rectangular box and stones takes place, which are placed around it and from above, wherein additional heating of air in room is conducted, as well as conditions of fire safety are improved both inside rooms and on roof. EFFECT: providing baths furnaces, fireplaces in cottages additional fire safety, potbelly stoves in tents, in calf hutches on farms with small forms of management both inside rooms and on roof. 2 cl, 2 dwg

Protection system with safety air cushion // 2587789
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: invention is directed to an airbag system and, more particularly, to such a system employed as a rescue or life-saving system to enable a person to survive an avalanche. In a particular embodiment, invention relates to an airbag system utilised with a backpack to be worn by a skier, snowboarder, hiker, or snowmobiler, for example. Instead of relying upon compressed gas cartridges or cylinders to inflate airbag(s), invention inflates airbag(s) with ambient air only.EFFECT: in a particular embodiment, air is supplied to airbag by means of a battery-powered electrical motor.28 cl, 7 dwg

Respirator with inner fold in closely fitting nasal area // 2586045
FIELD: individual protective means.SUBSTANCE: face-piece fold-flat respirator comprising a mask body and a harness. Mask body comprises the filtering structure including two cover webs and the filtration layer comprising electrically charged microfibers. Filtering structure is folded back upon itself to form a fold in the mask nasal area, so that the fold width is at least 1 cm or more, and it runs over the mask body upper perimeter, generally straight, when the respirator is folded. Filtering structure has a buckle more than 0.5 mm and restorability rate at lease 40 % when folded. Advantage of is mask design is that it is no need to use a nose element of a foamed material to achieve a close fit of the respirator over the wearer's nose.EFFECT: respirator with inner fold in closely fitting nasal area.15 cl, 6 dwg, 3 tbl, 2 ex

Emergency rescue airmobile elevator // 2585697
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aerostatic technology. Emergency rescue aero-mobile elevator comprises: shell with carrying gas; control elements; power plant; crew space; retractable ramp; device for coupling; ladder; parachute and emergency pad. Shells are arranged vertically. Propulsion system consists of engine and pull propellers made under covers and enclosed in protective rings. Power plant, crew and controls are combined by reinforced frame, which is additionally connected with shells by means of ropes. Ladder is located between shells. Parachute is arranged in upper part of stairs, and emergency pad is in lower part. Ladders are made with possibility of installation across stairs. Parachute, emergency pad and shell are made fire-resistive. Shells are additionally equipped with heat-insulation layer. Emergency pad is made with possibility of buoyancy.EFFECT: higher ease of docking to high-rise buildings.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of searching for injured people under rubble // 2584983
FIELD: radio engineering; rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: novel in method of searching affected under rubble is provision of whole mine personnel with beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices in amount of three pieces. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and set power. This variable magnetic field is caught by mine personnel radio beacon and if radio beacon exceeds certain threshold level of this field, heart rate microwave sensor is actuated and low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency. Using six fixed coils with ferromagnetic cores of three search devices (two in each) this variable-frequency magnetic field is received, amplified obtained at output of coils electrical signals and rectified them, then rectified signals in each search device are divided by pairs one at one. At that, longitudinal axes of two coils in each of search devices are arranged perpendicular to each other. After that from quotient from division angle between axis of fixed coil search device and direction of maximum signal is obtained. Distance and azimuth of beacon from each of search devices are determined by certain angles. At known distances between search devices and known azimuths of search devices themselves relative to each other, azimuths of beacon or search object from each of search devices are determined. Selecting these azimuth and distance to search object from that of search devices, from which rescue operations are carried out most efficiently.EFFECT: method of searching for injured people under rubble can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines.1 cl

Iterative method to search for victims under rubble // 2584982
FIELD: radio engineering; rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: novel in iterative method of increasing accuracy of searching affected under rubble is provision of whole mine personnel with beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices in amount of three pieces. At that, calculation of coordinates of search object is performed by iterative methods. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and set power. This variable magnetic field is caught by mine personnel radio beacon and if radio beacon exceeds certain threshold level of this field, heart rate microwave sensor is actuated and low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency. By movable coils with ferromagnetic cores of search devices that variable-frequency magnetic field is catched, amplified electrical signal obtained at output of coils and measuring its level. By rotating moving coils with electromagnetic cores maximum readings of level meter are produced, wherein position of coil is stored. Distance from each of search devices to radio beacon, which correspond to coaxial arrangement of coils search devices is determined by measured signal levels with help of previously captured nomogramm. By dependence of normalization coefficient and deviation angle relative to coaxial arrangement of coils measurement of range is corrected, producing successively several iterations. At known distances between search devices and known azimuths of search devices themselves relative to each other, azimuths of beacon or search object from each of search devices are determined. Selecting these azimuth and distance to search object from that of search devices, from which rescue operations are carried out most efficiently.EFFECT: iterative method of searching for injured people under rubble can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines as a result of an emergency situation.1 cl

ethod of searching for injured people under rubble // 2584981
FIELD: radio engineering; rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: novel in method of searching affected under rubble is provision of whole mine personnel with beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices in amount of three pieces. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and set power. This variable magnetic field is caught by mine personnel radio beacon and if radio beacon exceeds certain threshold level of this field, heart rate microwave sensor is actuated and low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency. Using six fixed coils with ferromagnetic cores of three search devices (two in each) this variable-frequency magnetic field is received, amplified obtained at output of coils electrical signals and rectified them, then rectified signals are squared and added by pairs from each of search devices. At that, longitudinal axes of two coils in each of search devices are arranged perpendicular to each other. After that, from resultant signal square root is extracted to measure level of received signal, which corresponds to received alternating low-frequency magnetic field maximum value. Distance from each of search devices to radio beacon is determined by measured signal levels with help of previously captured nomogramm. At known distances between search devices and known azimuths of search devices themselves relative to each other, azimuths of beacon or search object from each of search devices are determined. Selecting these azimuth and distance to search object from that of search devices, from which rescue operations are carried out most efficiently.EFFECT: method of searching for injured people under rubble can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines.1 cl

ethod of searching for injured people under rubble // 2584980
FIELD: radio engineering; rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: novel in method of searching affected under rubble is provision of whole mine personnel with beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices in amount of three pieces. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and set power. This variable magnetic field is caught by mine personnel radio beacon and if radio beacon exceeds certain threshold level of this field, heart rate microwave sensor is actuated and low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency. By movable coils with ferromagnetic cores of search devices that variable-frequency magnetic field is received, amplified electrical signals obtained at outputs of coils and supplied to level indicators. By rotating moving coils with electromagnetic cores maximum or minimum readings of level indicator are produced. At that, coils with ferromagnetic cores longitudinal axes turning angle is measured relative to certain known direction, for example, to the North of Earth's magnetic field. At known distances between themselves by search devices and known azimuths of search devices relative to each other and relative to certain known direction, for example, to North of Earth's magnetic field, by measured angles of rotation of longitudinal axes of coils with ferromagnetic cores in search devices, determining range and true azimuths of search object or beacon from each of search devices. Selecting these azimuth and distance to search object from that of search devices, from which rescue operations are carried out most efficiently.EFFECT: method of searching for injured people under rubble can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines.1 cl

ethod of activating device and radio beacon operating when searching for injured people under rubble // 2584979
FIELD: radio engineering; rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: novel in method of searching affected under rubble, is provision of whole personnel with mine beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices. At that, activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with frequency and set power variable during certain short period of time. This variable magnetic field is caught using coil with ferromagnetic core of mine personnel beacon and in case of exceeding by received and amplified signal of certain threshold level low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency and searching for radio beacon is performed. At that, radio beacon catches equally efficient variable-frequency magnetic field at any frequency tuning of its narrow-band amplifier, which falls within range of frequency tuning of low-frequency controlled generator of activation device, which increases the probability of activation of radio beacon at any conditions of its production and under effect of destabilising factors occurring during its operation.EFFECT: method of activation device and radio beacon operating when searching for injured people under rubble, can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines.1 cl

ethod of searching for injured people under rubble // 2584978
FIELD: rescue operations; radio engineering.SUBSTANCE: novel in method of searching affected under rubble is provision of whole mine personnel with beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices in amount of three pieces. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and set power. This variable magnetic field is caught by mine personnel radio beacon and if radio beacon exceeds certain threshold level of this field, heart rate microwave sensor is actuated and low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency. By movable coils with ferromagnetic cores of search devices that variable-frequency magnetic field is received, amplified electrical signal obtained at the output of coils and measuring its level, which corresponds to received alternating low-frequency magnetic field. By rotating moving coils with electromagnetic cores maximum readings of level meter are produced. Distance from each of search devices to radio beacon is determined by measured signal levels with help of previously captured nomogramm. At known distances between search devices and known azimuths of search devices themselves relative to each other, azimuths of beacon or search object from each of search devices are determined. Selecting these azimuth and distance to search object from that of search devices, from which rescue operations are carried out most efficiently.EFFECT: method of searching for injured people under rubble can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines.1 cl

ethod of and search equipment operating beacon when searching for injured people under rubble // 2584977
FIELD: radio engineering; rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: novel in method of searching affected under rubble, is provision of whole personnel with mine beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and set power during certain short period of time. This variable magnetic field is caught using coil with ferromagnetic core of mine personnel beacon and in case of exceeding by received and amplified signal of certain threshold level low-frequency magnetic field is excited by same coil with ferromagnetic core with another frequency during certain long period of time. During said long time interval searching for radio beacons is carried out. If all search actions for said long period of time cannot be completed, then low-frequency alternating magnetic field is excited again at short period of time with first frequency and specified power and search measures are taken again. This is continued until all search operations are completed in full.EFFECT: method of beacon and search equipment operating when searching for injured people under rubble, can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines.1 cl

ethod of radio beacons activation device operating when searching for injured people under rubble // 2584974
FIELD: radio engineering; rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: method of radio beacons activation device operating when searching for injured people under rubble, can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines. novel in method of searching affected under rubble, is provision of whole personnel with mine beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and circular polarisation of set power. This variable magnetic field of circular polarisation is caught using coil with ferromagnetic core of mine personnel beacon and in case of exceeding by received and amplified signal of certain threshold level low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency and searching for radio beacon is performed.EFFECT: coil of beacon catches equally efficient linear component of circular polarisation field at any orientation of its longitudinal axis within polarisation plane, which increases probability of activation of radio beacon at any of its position in space.1 cl

ethod of monitoring changes in integral gas medium composition // 2584970
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: method of monitoring changes integral composition gas relates to electrical measurements and can be used in analytical-measuring complexes for continuous monitoring of parameters of atmosphere in closed spaces in mines and tunnels, as well as in automatic control systems of technological processes, systems of continuous environmental monitoring and meteorology. Properties of invention is especially important for use in coal mines, on plants with toxic and harmful environment, as well as on inflammable and explosive production works, where gases, dust and vapors are non-uniformly distributed in volume of working space. Novel in method of monitoring changes integral gas medium is using only microwave communication channel for phase measurements and synchronisation of high-frequency high-Q quartz reference generators in order to reduce costs for design and production of equipment and optimising of radio channel. During controlling changes in integral gas medium microwave signal, modulated by amplitude of low-frequency clock signal is emitted into measuring channel. Then microwave signal is received by relay and amplified, then low-frequency clock signal is separated from it, which is used to synchronise local reference generator using automatic phase frequency control system. Then monotonously rising phase shift in microwave controlled phase shifter is introduced into microwave signal, after which microwave signal is emitted back. From received microwave signal, after homodyne frequency conversion low-frequency information component is selected. By phase difference measured between low-frequency reference and information signals, change of relative permittivity of medium is determined, and hence integral gas medium composition.EFFECT: advantage of this method consists in protection of sensors against dust, moisture, vapors, low measurement time and possibility of monitoring changes integral gas medium on long routes and in large volumes of working spaces.1 cl

ethod of searching for injured people under rubble, taking into account arbitrary orientation of beacon antenna // 2584967
FIELD: rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: novel method of searching affected under rubble, is provision of whole personnel with mine beacons, and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices in amount of three pieces. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and set power. This variable magnetic field is caught by mine personnel radio beacon and if radio beacon exceeds certain threshold level of this field, heart rate microwave sensor is actuated and low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency. Using nine fixed coils with ferromagnetic cores three search devices (three in each) this variable-frequency magnetic field is received, amplified obtained at output of coils electrical signals and rectified them, then rectified signals are squared and added by three from each of search devices. At that, longitudinal axes of three coils in each of search devices are arranged perpendicular to each other. After that, from resultant signal square root is extracted to measure level of received signal, which corresponds to received alternating low-frequency magnetic field maximum value. At that, maximum level of received signal is provided at any position in space of search object beacon coil. Distance from each of search devices to radio beacon is determined by measured signal levels with help of previously captured nomogramm. At known distances between search devices themselves and known azimuths of search devices relative to each other, azimuths of beacon or search object from each of search devices are determined. Selecting these azimuth and distance to search object from that of search devices, from which salvage measures are carried out most efficiently.EFFECT: disclosed is method of searching for injured people under rubble, taking into account arbitrary orientation of radio beacon antenna, method can be used to locate personnel under rubble in mines.1 cl

ethod of searching for injured people under debris and remote monitoring of heart rhythm // 2584966
FIELD: rescue operations.SUBSTANCE: novel method of searching affected under rubble, is provision of whole personnel with mine beacons, combined with microwave sensors of cardiac rhythm and establishing of search group, which is equipped with radio beacons activation devices and search devices in amount of three pieces, one of which is equipped with indicator of state of human health. Activation device drives variable-frequency magnetic field with one frequency and set power. This variable magnetic field is caught by mine personnel radio beacon and if radio beacon exceeds certain threshold level of this field, heart rate microwave sensor is actuated and low-frequency magnetic field is excited with another frequency modulated by periodic function corresponding to contractions in human cardiac muscle. By movable coils with ferromagnetic cores of search devices that variable-frequency magnetic field is received, amplified electrical signal obtained at the output of coils and measuring its level, which corresponds to received alternating low-frequency magnetic field. By rotating moving coils with electromagnetic cores maximum readings of level meter are produced. Distance from each of search devices to radio beacon is determined by measured signal levels with help of previously captured nomogramm. At known distances between search devices and known azimuths of search devices themselves relative to each other, azimuths of beacon or search object from each of search devices are determined. Received and amplified low-frequency signal modulated by periodic function describing human heart muscle contraction is rectified simultaneously with low time constant in one of search devices. At that, state of human health is estimated and selecting these azimuth and distance to search object from that of search devices, from which salvage measures are carried out most efficiently.EFFECT: disclosed is method of searching for injured people under debris and remote monitoring of heart rhythm, which can be used to locate personnel under/over debris in mines and simultaneous control of their health status.1 cl

Device for rescue of victims by escalators of subways // 2584667
FIELD: salvage operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rescue equipment, namely to devices for life-saving of victims, in particular, to devices facilitating evacuation from underground structures. Device for rescue of affected on subways escalators contains at least, plate for arrangement of patient and two rigid bars arranged along fabric at its periphery. It is equipped with four telescopic single-arm levers articulated by one ends at two on each bar with possibility of folding across the cloth, and four U-shaped clips rigidly connected each with free end of corresponding one-arm lever and with every horizontal roller, designed for direct interaction with moving stairway railing and periodic interaction with retainer installed in strip of U-shaped clip.EFFECT: expanded operational functionality due to evacuation convenience and reliability due to absence of need for retention of device for evacuation with affected by hands or at sharp stages of moving stairway, as well as due to reduced dynamic loads during transportation of victim on escalator.1 cl, 4 dwg

Rescue means for transportation of victims on escalators // 2584666
FIELD: salvage operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rescue and medical equipment and is intended for transportation of victims by escalators, for example, in conditions of subways. Life-saving appliance for transportation of victims by escalators, contains at least, plate for arrangement of patient and two rigid bars arranged along fabric at its periphery. It is equipped with four telescopic single-arm levers articulated by one ends at two on each bar with possibility of folding across fabric, and four U-shaped clips rigidly connected each with free end of corresponding one-arm lever.EFFECT: invention is aimed at expansion of functional capabilities owing to easy transportation and reliability due to absence of need for rescue means with affected in hands or at sharp stages of moving stairway, as well as due to reduced dynamic loads during transportation of victim on escalator.1 cl, 2 dwg

Preventer-desanter // 2584118
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: described is a belay, of static or dynamic type, and a descender, of self-blocking type or not, for securing one or more ropes (10) comprising main body (1) composed of at least two or more flat plates (2, 2A, 3) constrained one to another according to planes preferably parallel, or slightly tilted, by a plurality of spacer pins (4 - 7). Rope(s) is/are inserted inside body of device which further comprises a first karabiner (15) hooked to main body by passing through an opening (8) in device body. Karabiner (15) is movable in opening between an unlocking position of the rope, that is usual use condition, and an emergency position wherein rope is blocked, and vice versa.EFFECT: device further comprises a hole (60) passing through device body allowing hooking of first karabiner (15) removed from opening (8) or of a second karabiner (61) around which rope(s) (10) is/are passed, and further means for constraining device body to a fixed hooking point (80), which comprise at least one through hole (70) inside which a further respective karabiner (71) is hooked.12 cl, 4 dwg

Protective helmet // 2581580
FIELD: salvage operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rescue service, in particular used during operation of gas rescue team. Protective helmet comprises full-face mask and pulmonary automatic device, lamp and video camera, consisting of two separate parts connected by means of quick-release locks. Around full face mask is created external protective casing, changing into protective helmet, such design is detachable to reduce overall dimensions of helmet pulmonary machine is installed in keyway connection on left side of external housing of main helmet and closed by detachable protective casing, in rear part of external housing of main helmet there is nozzle for connection of quick-release device of air-breathing apparatus.EFFECT: technical result is improved protection of rescuer, ease of operation in helmet, universality of helmet (possibility of its use as protective helmet with mask and without it).1 cl, 1 dwg

Filter cartridge with side plug connector // 2580997
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: respirator (10) comprising a housing (14) of the mask, a socket element (15) of the filter cartridge, and the filter cartridge (12). The filter cartridge (12) has a side wall (30) made with the ability of plug connection with a socket element (15). The filter cartridge (12) can be inserted in the proper position into the socket element (15) in putting on the housing (14) of the mask. Fixing can be performed without the visual control of the user of actual fixing. To alert the user that due fixing was achieved, an audible click or other signal may be provided. When fixing a small distance between the filter cartridge (12) and the housing (14) of the mask may be provided.EFFECT: improvement of overview for the user, providing a more comfortable wearing the claimed respirator.20 cl, 14 dwg

Air filtration device with controlled air distribution system // 2579344
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air filtration device 10 comprising a housing 12 containing a plurality of subsections 32, 34 and 36, at that each subsection is made with the ability to receive the filter element 26, 28 and 30. The inlet opening 18 is located in the first portion of the housing 12, and the air distribution system located upstream is in fluid communication with the inlet opening 18 and each of the subsections 32, 34 and 36. The air distribution system located downstream is in fluid communication with each of the subsections 32, 34 and 36, and the outlet opening 20 is in fluid communication with the air distribution system located downstream. The air distribution systems located upstream and downstream of are designed to provide the same rate of air flow passing through each subsection. With the use of this design, the overall product life can be extended with simultaneous minimizing the flow resistance of the entire filter.EFFECT: receiving controlled air flow passing through the filtering media.20 cl, 8 dwg

Device for air filtration, containing subsections, between which there is no fluid communication // 2579342
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: device 10 for air filtration, comprising a housing 12, comprising a plurality of subsections 32, 34 and 36, at that each subsection comprises a filter element 26, 28 and 30. The inlet opening 18 is located in the first portion of the housing 12, and the air distribution system located upstream is in fluid communication with the inlet opening 18 and each of the subsections 32, 34 and 36. The air distribution system located downstream is in fluid communication with each of the subsections 32, 34 and 36, and the outlet opening 20 is in fluid communication with the air distribution system located downstream. The subsections are arranged so that all the subsections 32, 34 and 36 are not in fluid communication with each other. By using such a construction of the device for air filtration, the air flow can pass through the device more effectively to extend the overall life of the product with simultaneous minimizing the flow resistance of the entire filter.EFFECT: control of air flow through the filter materials, which extends the life of the filter material.19 cl, 8 dwg

Determination of leaky points at small-size respiratory system protection means // 2578111
FIELD: instrumentation.SUBSTANCE: claimed procedure consists in the measurement of the standard oil mist concentration. The said mist flows to the respiratory organs of the tester located in the tested specimen outside an aerosol chamber. The said standard oil mist is fed from a generator via a designed dispenser composed by a 120 mm-long and 3 mm-ID metal tube directly to the tested specimen. Note here that the dispenser displacement rate at the tested specimen surface should make some 20-30 cm/min.EFFECT: possibility to reveal leaky points.2 dwg, 1 tbl

Breathing apparatus test stand // 2577222
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: breathing apparatus test stand comprises an assembly simulating human breathing, with a pump 1, which is provided with a hydro chamber 2 wherein a test breathing apparatus 3 is placed for executing water medium tests; the hydro chamber is connected to an air flow inlet and drain main line 4 configured attachable to the breathing apparatus. The hydro chamber is mounted in a climate chamber and provided with a fixing device 6, an imbedding device 7 and a spatial repositioning device for the breathing apparatus or components thereof. The fixing device for the breathing apparatus or components thereof is configured in the form of a support and collar. The imbedding device represents a screw pair kinematically connected to the support. The spatial repositioning device for the breathing apparatus or components thereof represents a screw pair mounted on the hydro chamber.EFFECT: stand provides testing the breathing apparatuses in the water medium with the spatial repositioning of the apparatus.6 cl, 6 dwg

Bracket for attaching lamp to protective helmet // 2574963
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: bracket (100) adapted for attaching the lamp (300) to a protective helmet (200) comprises: a main element (102) comprising a channel means (116) for receiving, in use, the lamp part attached to the bracket. The channel means is made of a flexible material and is made with the ability to bend, and the fastening device (120, 122) for fastening, in use, the bracket to the protective helmet. The said fastening device comprises a polymeric pressure fastening device and an elastomeric gasket for forming a seal between the fastening device and the bracket.EFFECT: increase in reliability of fastening.39 cl, 10 dwg

ounting assembly of respirator containing locking mechanism // 2572172
FIELD: rescue equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for respiratory protection. The mounting assemblies for respirators are claimed, comprising the first and the second components of the respirator and the locking mechanism. The locking mechanism may be engaged with at least one stop element of the respirator component, thus preventing the removal of the first respirator component from engagement with the second component of the respirator. When applying the force to the actuating element at least one retainer can be disengaged from the stop element, thereby enabling to disengage the first component of the respirator with the second component of the respirator. Also the respirator components are disclosed, comprising such locking mechanisms or operating with such locking mechanisms.EFFECT: improvement of the design.15 cl, 11 dwg

Device for gravity descent along rope // 2570487
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: claimed device comprises the housing, friction drum element for the user fastening to said housing. Friction drum is rigidly coupled with the housing. Means for high-speed controlled descent is composed of the rope tension regulator, the rope being wound on said drum.EFFECT: simplified design and higher reliability.2 cl, 3 dwg

Air regeneration device // 2568578
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: device for regeneration of air in air-tight premise comprises a fan (1) and a cartridge (3) with the regenerative product (2) on the basis of potassium superoxide fixed on a stand (8). The cartridge (3) is made in the form of sleeves (5) from elastic material joined at the inlet by the header (6) fitted with the interface device (7). At the outlet of sleeves (5) the spacing elements (9) in the form of flexible links (10) are installed with pairwise mounted fixing elements (11) between which the strength tapes (12) for fastening of plates of the regenerative product (2) are fixed. The cartridge (3) is fitted with the heat-shielding casing (4) and the strength tapes (12). The interval between the lateral surfaces of sleeves is designed in the form of the air duct (13) connected to the suction branch pipe of the fan (1) by the interface device (14). In the air duct (13) the spacer elements (15) are installed. In the upper part of the device the screen (22) with the window (23) is installed.EFFECT: improvement of safe use of the device and simplification of putting of the device into the working position.5 cl, 14 dwg

Self-contained breathing apparatus // 2568572
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: self-contained breathing apparatus with chemically bonded oxygen contains a body with a regenerative product and a breathing bag. The regenerative product is placed into the breathing bag. The body with the regenerative product is connected to a respiratory organ isolation assembly and configured as plates; between the respiratory organ isolation assembly and the body, there is a flow switch. The flow switch is connected through an exhalation valve to a body input and through an inhalation valve to a breathing bag cavity. The body represents a skirt made of a polymeric film, on inner and outer surfaces of which there are plates of the regenerative product attached.EFFECT: more reliable apparatus operation and facilitated assembly and application.7 cl, 14 dwg

ethod of cleaning gas medium in sealed facility // 2568568
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of cleaning a gas medium in a sealed facility with regeneration of oxygen includes replenishing oxygen spent on breathing in the sealed facility and absorbing carbon dioxide from the gas medium with an absorbent. The method differs from the existing method in that the gas medium is cleaned by placing a regenerative product in a sealed volume, said product being enclosed in a gas-permeable shell which is inert to a regenerative absorbent, made in the form of plates of a regenerative chemical product based on an alkali metal superoxide which releases oxygen upon reaction with moisture and carbon dioxide.EFFECT: high efficiency of cleaning a gas medium and a method characterised by simplicity and reliability.6 cl, 15 dwg

Full face mask for electrically driven air-purifying respirator (papr) // 2566910
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: full face mask for electrically driven air-purifying respirator (PAPR), which must be used in unhealthy environments. The mask has an air inlet and an air outlet. According to the invention, it is made as a single piece from a transparent plastic material in a process of a single stage vacuum moulding with the field of view unfolded on a plane, free from distortions, and in that it comprises a compartment inside the full face mask to accommodate the blower unit, and the said compartment is located in the area of the front part of the full face mask and open into the inner space of the full face mask.EFFECT: improved design.19 cl, 7 dwg

Universal filtering element // 2566899
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: known composition of universal filtering element, which includes, wt %: potassium carbonate - 17.0-25.0; sodium hydroxide - 0.7-1.0; sodium silicate - 9.0-12.5; glycerine 9.0-12.5; water - 5.9-7.4; cotton fabric the remaining part, does not provide effective protection from sulphur hydroxide if its content is higher than 15 MPC. The fact that claimed composition additionally contains calcium oxide and manganese sulphate with component ratio, wt %: potassium carbonate 22.0-32.0; calcium oxide 0.8-1.1; sodium hydroxide - 1.0-1.5; sodium silicate - 10.0-14.0; glycerine - 9.0-13.0; manganese sulphate - 0.07-0.12; water - 12.0-16.0; cotton fabric - the remaining part, makes it possible to increase sorption capacity of filter, protection degree of sulphur dioxide and additional retention of hydrogen sulphide, which makes it possible to efficiently apply filter for protection of respiratory organs in industrial quarters, where sulphur dioxide content exceeds 15 MPC, hydrogen sulphide - 15 MPC, and content of hydrogen fluoride reaches 30 MPC.EFFECT: protection of respiratory organs from harmful substances, which are in air of industrial quarters of aluminium, phosphorus factories, mineral fertilisers and non-ferrous metallurgy.1 tbl

Respirator made of one or more webs of material, airlaid, manufactured on place of forming respirator // 2564624
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing a filtering mask-respirator comprises the following steps: providing a cup-shaped forming matrix 30; ensuring the forming chamber 24 in which the forming matrix 30 is located and into which the free fibres 22 are inserted in the air of the forming chamber 24; accumulation 10 of free fibres 22 on the forming matrix 30 in the forming chamber 24 and bonding 12 the fibres to each other at points of fibre intersection. According to the method the filtering mask-respirator is made, which comprises a mask body. The mask body comprises a fabric which is formed directly on the forming matrix, and a system of fasteners.EFFECT: reduction of stages of the manufacturing process, the fibres are uniformly distributed throughout the volume of the mask body, and since the fabrics do not require cutting during the manufacture of the respirator, less wastes are produced.21 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl, 22 ex

Device for rescuing people from aircraft // 2564510
FIELD: saving means.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aviation. The device for rescuing people from an aircraft comprises walling in the form of a bottom and a side wall, made with the ability to fold in the vertical direction under the force of gravity when support it from below and unfolding in the same direction at its suspension with the upper part, a cargo strap, additional straps connecting the upper part of the side wall with an external suspension, and a supporting frame with a protective roof, fixed to the bottom. The side wall is formed as the bellows covering the bottom. One of the additional straps is made elastic. The device is provided with a flap door made in the protective roof with the ability of opening between two inelastic additional straps, a reserve parachute, a breakage sensor electrically connected to the system of the flap door opening, and clamps for fastening the bellows in the upper part at breakage of the external suspension.EFFECT: invention is directed at extending the operational capabilities.3 dwg

Kochetov's method of evacuation of fire-ravaged persons from top floors of high-rise buildings and structures // 2564215
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: method of evacuation of fire-ravaged persons consists in that to the building in fire the armoured vehicle is arrived. The specialized fire fighting complex is developed on which the return vehicle is based for placement of flying robots. The robots are fitted with the remotely-controlled fire extinguishing device for high-rise buildings and constructions. The vehicle is fitted with the unit with the sliding conveyor band for approaching to the building in fire. The robot is programmed for the task of opening of windows in the building in fire. Operations of robots and flight of devices are controlled from the panel of the system "emergency fire extinguishing". After that the task for penetration into the building in fire of the flying robots fitted with the remotely-controlled fire extinguishing device for high-rise buildings and structures is programmed. The sliding conveyor band is switched to the mode of move from the burning object to the armoured vehicle from which the crew of rescuers carry fire-ravaged persons to ambulances.EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of evacuation of fire-ravaged persons.2 cl, 1 dwg

Rescue system with external suspension bracket of aircraft // 2563291
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: rescue system with an external suspension bracket of aircraft contains a folding platform self-revealing during descent and an inhaul rope. The platform is fitted with a ring clamp fixing top ends of the spokes rigidly fixed on the top end of the bearing rod together with the lower end of inhaul rope. The lower ends of spokes are hingedly fixed on the lower slide, which is coaxial and mobile with reference to the bearing rod and which is in spring-loaded interaction with it within the stroke of releasing of spokes from the ring clamp. Each spoke is implemented in the form of the two-arm lever the lower end of which is hingedly connected to the lower slider of the rod. The hinge of the central part of each spoke interacts through rod pushers with the top slide of the rod synchronising simultaneous folding and unfolding of spokes at relative shift of both slides.EFFECT: decrease of hazard for life during evacuation.10 cl, 18 dwg

Sea craft rescue cradle // 2563112
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: claimed rescue cradle comprises protection structure composed of bottom (1) and sidewall (2 to be folded vertically by gravity at its support from below and to be unfolded vertically at its suspension from top part, slings (3) for connection of sidewall top part with crane outer arms, and support carcass (5) with protective cover (6 secured at said bottom. Side wall is made of heatproof silastic bellow (7) enveloping said bottom. Said cradle is provided with inflatable raft (8) filled with compressed air and secured from bellow the bottom by protective structure. Inflatable raft sizes are smaller than bellow OD.EFFECT: safe lifting of people from water surface, higher reliability of side wall.3 dwg
 
2551388.
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