Life-saving and fire-fighting (A62)

A   Human necessities(308424)
A62            Life-saving; fire-fighting(6694)

icroencapsulated fire extinguishing agent and method of its obtaining // 2628375
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: describes a microencapsulated fire extinguishing agent comprising, in each microcapsule, a polymeric shell and a core containing as carrier gas components having a boiling point of -155 to +10C, a flame retardant and a combustion inhibitor in a weight ratio: a carrier gas of 5-50%, a flame retardant of 30-70%, a flame retardant of 1-25%. A method for the preparation of microcapsules is also described.EFFECT: microencapsulated fire extinguishing agent with high reliability and fire-extinguishing efficiency was obtained.19 cl, 1 tbl, 8 ex

Respirator as filtering muscle mask with composite side plants // 2626934
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: respirator 10 in the form of a filtering face mask, comprising a fastening unit 14 and a mask body 12 having a filter structure 16 containing one or more layers of filter media 62 and having a perimeter 24. The mask body also has first and second side plates 30a, 30b disposed on opposite sides of the filter structure 16. Each of the first and second side panels 30a, 30b has a leading edge 33 and is folded inwardly to be brought into contact with the filter structure 16. Such a configuration in an osculating state is possible when the mask body 12 is opened in a usage configuration. The leading edge 33 of each side bar 30a, 30b is formed so as to coincide with the perimeter of the mask body 24 when the side panels 30a, 30b are folded inward to be brought into contact with the filter structure 16.EFFECT: body of the mask has an exceptional structural integrity, which allows maintaining the proper configuration for long periods of time, despite the excessive exposure to moisture and warm air.11 cl, 7 dwg
ethod of explosive atmospheric fire extinguishing with drop start of explosion after extracting checks of explosion-detonator // 2626810
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: producing a fuse-detonator with a retarder, the burning time of which is 1.5-1.3 times the container is delivered to the combustion zone. In the slot of the container, before inserting into the combustion zone, insert a fuse-detonator, pull a check, after detonating the retarder, a detonator is detonated. In the explosion of a container with an explosive, flames are confused and a fire extinguishing substance is sprayed, which is deposited on the burning elements of the burning object, than the heat is removed and, consequently, its fire extinguishing.EFFECT: increased fire extinguishing efficiency.1 cl

Atomizer with swirler for double flow vortex // 2626806
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: atomizer with swirler for double flow vortex contains a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core. The body has the fluid feed channel and includes the rigidly coupled sleeve with nozzle fixed in its lower part. The nozzle is made of cylindrical two-step bushing with upper cylindrical step thread-jointed to central core. The core is installed with an annular gap with respect to the inner surface of the cylindrical sleeve and consists of a cylindrical part with a swirler fixed coaxially in its lower part and made in the form of a cylinder with a central throttle opening on the outer surface of which a two-screw thread is made. In the central throttle hole, a secondary flow element is fixed, which is in the form of a cylindrical screw spring, made flush with respect to the upper end of the swirler and protruding beyond its lower end by an amount not exceeding the diameter of the central throttle opening. To the lower cylindrical part of the nozzle sleeve, with a swirler fixed thereto and a secondary flow twist, protruding beyond the lower end of the swirler, a flow divider is attached. The flow divider is made in the form of a mesh diffuser, which larger base of the truncated cone protrudes beyond the element of secondary flow twist. An additional divider in the form of a mesh cone is attached to the flow divider, the vertex of which is directed away from the secondary flow twist element, and the base is connected to the output section of the diffuser.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of finely dispersed liquid spray.1 dwg

Kochetov's atomizer // 2626805
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: liquid-fuel atomiser includes a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core. The body has fluid feed channel and includes a bushing, rigidly coupled therewith and having nozzle secured to its lower part. The nozzle is made of cylindrical two-step bushing with upper cylindrical step thread-jointed to central core. The core end is installed with annular gap relative to internal surface of cylindrical bushing. The annular gap is communicated with radial channels, made in the two-step bushing to connected with circular cavity, formed by the bushing inner surface and top cylindrical step outer surface. The annular cavity is connected to the body channel for supplying liquid. To the central core, in its lower part, a diffuser is rigidly attached, made in the form of truncated cone. The sprayer is attached with its upper base to the base of the central core cylinder, and a divider is attached by means of spokes to the lower base of the sprayer truncated cone. The divider is made in the form of end circular plate, which edges are bent towards the annular gap, and screw grooves are provided on the outer lateral surface of the truncated cone. At the divider plate edges there are slits to form blades, and the blades are bent in different directions with alternation: one is up and the other one is down. In the lower part of the bushing there is a diffuser, which cutting plane passes through the fastening plane of the spokes.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of finely dispersed liquid spray.1 dwg

Respirator in the form of filtering face mask with the face seal, containing the layer permeable for the water steam // 2626225
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: shaped respirator as a filtering face mask, containing a case with the shaped mask, including at least one filter layer and having the rear open side with the perimeter and the face seal, being connected to the perimeter of the mentioned mask body and extending inwardly from the mentioned mask body perimeter, terminating at the inner edge of the face seal. The mentioned face seal contains at least one water steam permeable layer, which pushes off the aqueous liquid as well.EFFECT: purification degree increase.23 cl, 4 dwg

Device and method of increasing convergence of speech for respiratory mask // 2625929
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: respiratory mask contains a mask body, designed to create a clean air space between the mask, mouth, and nose of the user. The mask body is capable of attenuating the acoustic energy passing through the respiratory mask in one or more frequency ranges of the mask user's speech. The speech intelligibility device comprises a microphone configured to be attached to the mask body. The microphone is further designed to sense acoustic energy inside a clean airspace, being attached to the mask body. The speaker is designed to emit acoustic energy outside clean airspace. A controller operatively connected to a speaker and a microphone, wherein the controller is adapted to receive a speech signal from the microphone. The speech signal carries signs of acoustic energy perceived by the microphone within the first frequency range and delivering the output signal to the speaker to compensate for the attenuation of the acoustic energy passing through the respiratory mask. The output signal is configured to cause the speaker to generate a compensating acoustic energy. The compensating acoustic energy is emitted in one or more ranges of attenuated frequencies covering less than all of the said first frequency range in which one or more of the predetermined frequency bands are selected in accordance with one or more attenuated mask ranges of the user's voice of the mask. The compensating acoustic energy has a predetermined amplitude attenuation profile in each predetermined range of attenuated frequencies from one or more predetermined ranges of attenuated frequencies.EFFECT: increasing the speech intelligibility.22 cl, 6 dwg
ethod for cleaning containers of liquid rockets from components of rocket fuel after starting // 2625866
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method involves flushing the filling line with water at a pressure equal to the volume of the main line, followed by flushing with an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate with a concentration of not less than 0.1% of the fuel lines, an aqueous solution of caustic soda with a concentration of at least 0.025% of the oxidizer lines, safety control of process drains and lines for subsequent utilization. Preliminarily local cooling of the filling line in the place of leakage is carried out down to the freezing point of the fuel component, sealing the filling line in the place of its leakage is done. Passability of the aqueous neutralizing solution along the entire length of the filling line is provided.EFFECT: ensuring industrial and environmental safety in the extraction, transportation and cleaning of containers for their utilization and disposal.1 cl
Liquid flow ejector-type spreader for nozzle // 2625847
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: liquid flow ejector-type spreader for a nozzle comprises a hollow housing consisting of a cylindrical part with an external thread for connecting a distributing pipeline to the connection for liquid supply and a cap nut fixed to the bottom of the housing with a liquid flow spreader. In the housing, coaxial to it, a cylindrical hole is made, in the upper part of which a mesh filter is installed, and in the lower part - a throttle washer with a jet. To the end surface of the cap nut, axisymmetric to the housing, a liquid flow spreader is mounted, which consists of three coaxial, coaxially located pyramidal shells in the form of generating grids: external, intermediate and internal. Each of the shells comprises a wire frame from two bases of square shape and lateral edges of a truncated pyramidal surface. The external shell is attached to the cap nut by a smaller base, and its second larger base is simultaneously a large base of the intermediate shell with lateral ribs, and the smaller base of the intermediate shell is simultaneously a large base of the internal shell, the smaller base of which is located inside the intermediate shell at a distance from the surface of the common cut of external and intermediate shells. The generating grids in the form of truncated pyramidal surfaces are arranged so that all their vertices of their pyramidal surfaces lay on the axis coinciding with the housing axis. The direction of the vertex of the external generating grid is directed towards the throttle washer with the jet. The perforation on the external shell, on the side of fixing its truncated pyramidal surface to the end surface of the cap nut, is made with a smaller pitch, and a larger diameter of the holes, which enhance the ejection effect. The perforation of the internal shell on the base turned away from the throttle washer with the nozzle, and made in the form of a square, has a larger diameter of the holes, which contribute to the enhancement of the ejection effect and the range of the sprayed stream.EFFECT: increased fine-dispersed liquid sprayer efficiency.3 cl, 4 dwg

Fire detector for fire-fighting robot targeting // 2625715
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used to guide the fire-fighting robot by transferring the coordinates of the ignition source to the fire-fighting robot control system. The objective of the utility model is to develop a device that combines fire detector functions with the control function of the robotic fire extinguishing system, with the function of transmission of the exact coordinates and sizes of one and several ignition sources, and the transfer of the coordinates and sizes of areas with an emergency high temperature to the fire robots control system. The device contains software units for reception, processing and comparison of video and thermal information that allow analysis and comparison in the visible and infrared spectra simultaneously and to make a decision about the presence of ignition sources, calculation of their coordinates and dimensions relative to the video matrix with a resolution higher than thermal imaging; hardware feedback module, which allows to correct the detector operation algorithm (depending on the fire robot operation mode) and to control the fire monitor engines when targeting; a self-diagnostics software unit, a software unit for search and detection of people.EFFECT: expanded device functionality during operation in the fire-fighting robots system, namely, primary detection of a fire and initiation of an automatic control system for a faster system response to the occurrence of fire, ensured possibility of transmission of the exact coordinates and dimensions of both one and several ignition sources in the fire-fighting robots control system to implement algorithms for extinguishing a number of ignition sources by the system simultaneously with an increase in the noise immunity of the detector to false triggering, as well as for transmission of coordinates and sizes of areas with an emergency high temperature for automatic and accurate irrigation of structures by fire monitors, provision of feedback to the fire-fighting robot control system for synchronization of fire-fighting robot and detector algorithm operation, as well as control of the fire monitor engine for more rapid monitor targeting to the ignition source, as well as a possibility of determination of the presence of people in the area of fire extinguishing agent supply.3 cl, 2 dwg

otorized back pack // 2625712
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: motorized back pack contains a frame, container, engine, hydraulic pump, hydraulic pump pressure hose, hydraulic pump suction hose, diffuser branch. According to the invention, the frame consists of two parts: an upper removable part and a lower support part. The lower support part is equipped with a plate to which the motor and pump are fixed, and the removable part of the frame includes a support pad, stops and a retainer for securing the container.EFFECT: simplification of design, noiselessness and reduction of overall dimensions and weight.4 cl, 4 dwg
Kochetov foam ejector-type generator // 2625710
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: liquid flow ejector-type spreader for a nozzle which comprises a hollow housing consisting of a cylindrical part with an external thread for connecting a distributing pipeline to the connection for liquid supply and a cap nut fixed to the bottom of the housing with a liquid flow spreader. To the end surface of the cap nut, axisymmetric to the housing, a liquid flow spreader is mounted, which consists of three coaxial, coaxially located pyramidal shells in the form of generating grids: external, intermediate and internal. Each of the shells comprises a wire frame from two bases of square shape and lateral edges of a truncated pyramidal surface. The outer shell is attached to the cap nut by a smaller base. Its second larger base is simultaneously a large base of the intermediate shell with lateral ribs, and the smaller base of the intermediate shell is simultaneously a large base of the internal shell, the smaller base of which is located inside the intermediate shell at a distance from the surface of the common cut of external and intermediate shells. The generating grids in the form of truncated pyramidal surfaces are arranged so that all their vertices of their pyramidal surfaces lay on the axis coinciding with the housing axis. The direction of the vertex of the external generating grid is directed towards the throttle washer with the jet. The perforation on the external shell, on the side of fixing its truncated pyramidal surface to the end surface of the cap nut, is made with a smaller pitch, and a larger diameter of the holes, which enhance the ejection effect. The perforation of the internal shell on the base turned away from the throttle washer with the nozzle, and made in the form of a square, has a larger diameter of the holes, which contribute to the enhancement of the ejection effect and the range of the sprayed stream.EFFECT: increased fine-dispersed liquid sprayer efficiency.2 dwg
Automatic protecting device of safety systems under emergency modes // 2625705
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: automatic protecting device of safety systems under emergency modes contains a system of sensors and an electrovalve. A signal controlling the actuating device is transmitted from a control device, designed in the form of an electrovalve. The device for electric start of the electrovalve is assembled on a lock-cushion nut fastened in an upper part of the electrovalve case and contains two contacts: a central contact and a "case" contact. A piston locked by the holder in the standby mode is installed inside the case of the electrovalve. When the electrovalve is actuated, the piston functions as a cutter cutting the holder off, designed in the form of a black-drawn wire with a diametre of 1.0 mm. One end of the holder is secured to the case of the electrovalve, while another end is attached to the end an actuating lever, connected to an actuating spring. The actuating device is actuated with a switch button, which is a part of the acuating device starting system. The actuating device starting system consists of the actuating lever, on one end of which the actuating spring and the holder are fixed, while two openings are made on the other end: an opening for a safety pin and an opening for mounting an acuating lever pin. The actuating lever pin is fixed to a bracket rigidly connected to the case of the actuating device. The electrovalve is connected to a system for probing a hazardous zone, including sensors configured to exceed the maximum permissible concentrations of chemically hazardous substances present in this zone, and a probe tuned to exceed the maximum permissible levels of radioactive substances signals from which are fed to a common microprocessor which processes these signals and gives a control signal to turn on the electrovalve.EFFECT: increased protection effectiveness of technological equipment from emergencies.3 dwg

ethod for detecting boundary of local underground peat fire and underground peat fire exploring robot // 2625602
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method for detecting the boundaries of local underground peat fire, which includes GPR subsurface sensing of all strata of the peat layer, which consists in the emission of pulses of electromagnetic waves and detecting signals reflected from the boundaries of layers of the probed medium having different electrical properties, ground penetrating radar mounted on the robot platform, which moves along the route scheduled after the patrol conducted surveillance of the controlled area, and GPR profiling is carried out on the given route and in the planned route point to produce sensing of the peat layer in terms of finding the local underground peat fire. The essence of the claimed devices is that the robot for the exploration of the underground peat fires containing tracked chassis, powertrains, controlling and monitoring systems and data from surveillance conducted in real time, and the platform on the last installed ground-penetrating radar for GPR subsurface sensing of all layers of peat deposits in terms of finding a local underground peat fire.EFFECT: ensuring detection of underground peat fire boundary localization with any depth of peat in areas, where the traditional placement of ground vehicles is extremely dangerous.2 cl, 2 dwg

Device for retracting a hose, and vehicle and method therefor // 2625428
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the device and method for hose cleaning, the device contains: the frame; at least one drive roller, connected to the frame for hose drive with the cleaning purpose; one the first and one the second clamping element operatively connected to at least one drive roller and providing the hose stretching upwards by reacting with at least one drive roller; the driving element, operatively connected with two clamping elements and provided the drive of the clamping elements, so that not more than one clamping element is pressed to the drive roller.EFFECT: functionality increase.16 cl, 9 dwg

ethod of conformally profiled carbon filter filling // 2625243
FIELD: personal care items.SUBSTANCE: method of forming a conformal filtering layer comprises a determination of the container inlet inner perimeter to form the filter layer, providing with filling tube with the first size inner perimeter. The filling tube first size is smaller than the inner perimeter of the filter layer, and a storm filling, at least partial, of the filter layer with the filter granules. Filtration granules are passed through the first filling tube for forming a layer in the filter layer. In one invention version the second filling tube with the second size inner perimeter is provided. The filling tube second size is smaller than the inner perimeter of the container inlet inner perimeter, and differs from the tube first size inner perimeter, while the filter granules are passed through the second filling tube for forming the second layer in the filter layer.EFFECT: efficient production of filter with high performance.18 cl, 7 dwg

Rolling container of the forest fire unit // 2625088
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: rolling container of the forest fire unit is equipped with a frame, a shell, which is filled with liquid. The shell of the forest fire unit is made in the form of a hollow metal cylinder with longitudinal and transverse walls installed inside it, forming injection liquid chambers equipped with inlet and outlet openings. On the transverse partitions, hollow axes are installed from the outside in the zone of the outlets, in which check valves are mounted on one side and on the other side are the bearing units of the frame connected to the pulling device of the forest fire unit, as well as the valves.EFFECT: increasing the operational qualities of the rolling capacity of the forest fire unit, due to the reduction of the preparation time for the unit, its efficiency is increased, there are no pumping units in the unit, which simplifies the design and increases the reliability of its operation.4 dwg
Emergency situation simulator // 2625079
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: explosion initiator is installed in the model of an explosive object. The protective cover and the pallet constitute a single closed structure, formed around the model of the explosive object. The explosion-proof element is installed above the hole in the upper part of the model. In order to fix the limit position of the panel of the explosion-proof element, the stopping sheets are welded to the ends of the support rods. The elastic damping elements are located outside the support rods and are made in the form of cylindrical helical springs with a built-in damper. Each spring consists of two parts with on-coming ends. The on-coming end of the first part is located in the cavity of the second part. The gaps of segmented profile of contacting spring parts are filled by antifriction grease. The first part of the helical spring is made with coils of rectangular cross-section with rounded edges and covered with a tube of damping material. Gaps between the first part of the spring are filled with crumb of friction material by the tube.EFFECT: increased protection effectiveness of technological equipment and human resources from emergencies.3 dwg
System for emergency situation modeling // 2625077
FIELD: blasting.SUBSTANCE: explosive object mock-up with explosive fragment element installed on it with explosive initiator located in test box. The mock-up ceiling part provided with opening covered with explosion-proof element. Explosive object coating has four rigidly secured support rods which are inserted telescopically into fixed pipe-panel supports. Elastic damping elements are located outside the support rods, the one end of which thrusts against armored metal plating and the other end thrusts against stop- sheets, located at the top part of the support rods. The elastic damping elements are made in form of cylindrical screw spring with built-in damper. The cylindrical screw spring consists of two parts with counter-directed ends, the one part of which has rectangular cross-section turns and the other part of the spring is hollow. The gaps in the first part of screw spring are made with rectangular cross-section turns and filled with friction material crumbs.EFFECT: increased efficiency of protection for process equipment and people against emergency situations by means of emergency situation development prediction in event of accident at explosive hazard facility.3 dwg
ine rescue team helmet // 2624722
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: mine rescue team helmet (1) includes a full face mask (9), a lantern (12), consisting of two separate parts connected by locks. Around the full face mask (9) there is an external protective cover (8), which merges into the protective helmet. The design is removable. Rigid channels (4) are routed from the valve box (5) inside the external protective cover (8) of the full face mask (9) for feeding the respiratory mixture withdrawal from under the full face mask. The channels are connected by a bayonet connection to the same channels for withdrawal of the respiratory gases passing inside the outer case of the main helmet from the right and left sides. In the back of the outer shell of the main helmet, the quick-disconnect couplings (3) are fitted to connect the channels with respiratory gases to the corrugated hoses of the respirator.EFFECT: increased safety of the rescuer, convenience of his work in the helmet, possibility of using it as a protective helmet with a mask and without it.1 dwg

Venturi scrubber with finely divided irrigation // 2624111
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: venturi scrubber with finely divided irrigation, includes a confuser, a neck, a diffuser, an irrigation system, a drop catcher, and in the confusor the reflux device is installed, it comprises water pipelines, made in form two mutually perpendicular sections, one section is installed axisymmetric to the confusor, and at its end looking towards manhole the reflux system atomizer is installed. Irrigation system jet contains hollow casing with nozzle and central core, the casing is made with channel for liquid supply and contains coaxial rigidly connected with it sleeve with nozzle secured in its bottom part, nozzle is made in form of cylindrical two-step sleeve, top cylindrical step is connected by means of the thread joint with the coaxial with it central core having central hole and installed with ring clearance relatively to the internal surface of the cylindrical sleeve. The mentioned annular gap is communicated with at least three radial channels made in the mentioned two-step sleeve to communicate it with annular cavity formed by sleeve inner surface and top cylindrical step outer surface, the annular cavity being connected to the channel of the housing for liquid supply. The diffuser is rigidly attached to the central core, at its lower part, and is made in the form of a truncated cone coaxial to the central hole of the core and attached by its upper base to the base of the cylinder of the central core, and a divider is attached to the lower base of the truncated cone by means of at least three spokes, the diffuser is made in the form of an end circular plate the edges of which are bent toward the annular gap, and on the outer side surface of the truncated cone there are screw grooves. The throttling opening is arranged in the divider axisymmetrically to the central hole of the central core. The external diffuser is coaxially attached to the hub rigidly connected to the housing in its lower part, and the lower base of the truncated cone of a nebulizer rigidly attached to the central core in its lower part. On the outer side surface of the truncated cone there are screw grooves, the internal perforated diffuser is coaxially attached in such a way that the output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane.EFFECT: improved efficiency of gas purification from dust and chemical impurities.3 dwg

Foam generator // 2624110
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in the foam generator, the slotted nozzle is made combined and consists of two mutually perpendecular rectangular parallelepipeds with throttling through holes of rectangular cross section connected to the housing cavity. A flow divider is rigidly connected to a circular plate with a slotted nozzle attached to it, which is axisymmetrically connected to the branch pipe. The divider is made in the form of a diffuser and a cylindrical shell connected in series, separated by a perforated disk installed perpendicular to the divider axis. A riund mesh element is installed in the outlet section of the cylindrical shell.EFFECT: increased effectiveness of fire extinguishing by increasing the range of the gas-droplet jet and expanded area of the gas-droplet jet.2 dwg
Strain psychrobacter cibarius arc 13 vkpm b-12351 is destructor of oil and oil products // 2624065
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology. Strain Psychrobacter cibarius ARC 13 with ability of destruction of oil and oil products is deposited under registration number VKPM B-12351.EFFECT: invention enables to purify water areas of water bodies, coastal line contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
Strain halomonas boliviensis arc 3 vkpm b-12344 is destructor of oil and oil products // 2624056
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology. Strain Halomonas boliviensis ARC 3 with ability of destruction of oil and oil products, deposited under registration number VKPM B-12344.EFFECT: invention enables to purify water areas of water bodies, coastal line, contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
Strain psychrobacter fozii arc 5 vkpm b-12345 is destructor of oil and oil products // 2624055
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology. Strain Psychrobacter fozii ARC 5 with ability of destruction of oil and oil products, deposited under registration number VKPM B-12345.EFFECT: invention enables to purify water areas of water bodies, coastal line, contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
Strain psychrobacter maritimus arc 7 vkpm v-12347-destructor of oil and oil products // 2624053
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology. Strain Psychrobacter maritimus ARC 7, with the ability to destruction of oil and oil products, deposited under registration number VKPM V-12347.EFFECT: invention allows to purify water area, coastal line contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +20 to +4 C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
Strain psychrobacter cibarius arc 9 bkpm b-12348 is destructor of oil and oil products // 2624051
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology. Strain Psychrobacter cibarius ARC 9 with ability of destruction of oil and oil products, deposited under registration number VKPM B-12348.EFFECT: invention enables to purify water areas of water bodies, coastal line, contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
ethod for fire extinguishing substance production and spray channel applicable for its implementation // 2623923
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: method for fire extinguishing substance production involves creation of a water stream and its passage through a spray channel. The spray channel is formed from the communicating and arranged one after another water flow and nozzle channels. The nozzle diameter is larger than the water flow channel diameter. The nozzle is a glass through which each water flow channel passes. The smallest angle between the inner wall of the glass and its bottom does not exceed 90 degrees. Thus, within each spray channel, a water flow rupture edge is formed, after passing through which the water flow is divided into a plurality of jointly moving individual microdroplets, followed by initiating a process of their chaotic reflection from the internal walls of the spray channel and colliding with each other, obtaining finely dispersed water dust at the spray channel outlet.EFFECT: increased penetrating power of the extinguishing agent created.4 cl, 13 dwg

ethod of chemical processing of polychlorinated biphenyles // 2623216
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a process of chemical processing of technical polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), involving the interaction of PCBs with methoxide-free methanol (MeONa), in a dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) medium with a PCB: MeONa molar ratio of 1:5, at a volume ratio of a MeOH:DMSO residue of 1:5, a temperature of 114-115C for 8 hours. As starting materials, sodium metal and an excess of methanol are used, after the MeONa formation, excess MeOH is removed and DMSO is added.EFFECT: complete conversion of the starting polychlorinated biphenyls without the formation of potentially toxic derivatives, among which the amount of hydroxy- and hydroxymethoxy derivatives is more than 78 percent, which indicates a high hydrophilization of the entire mixture of products, the resulting chemical compounds are available for bacterial strains living in aquatic environments and capable of completely mineralizing the resulting polychlorinated biphenyl derivatives.3 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex

Light fractions recovery unit // 2623001
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: light fractions recovery unit includes a compressor and a cooling and separation device installed in the gas supply line from the tanks, a gas blower is installed as a compressor. The apparatus further includes an adsorption unit comprising at least two adsorbers with heat exchange unit units disposed in the adsorbent bed, one of which is in the adsorption mode and the other in the regeneration and cooling mode. The device for cooling and separation is made in the form of a two-section reflux condenser with a separation zone and a feeding zone. The upper section of the reflux condenser is connected by the refrigerant input/output lines to the refrigeration machine, the lower section is connected by the intake line of the purified gas mixture to the adsorber in the adsorption mode and equipped with a line for its withdrawal. The separation zone is equipped with a condensate outlet line, the supply zone is connected to the compressor, and the top of the reflux condenser is with the adsorber in the adsorption mode. In addition, the adsorber in the regeneration mode is connected to the lines of the cleaned gas mixture outlet and the gas mixture to the compressor, and its heat exchange element block is connected to the refrigerating machine by the heat carrier supply line.EFFECT: elimination of restrictions on the volume of compressible gas mixture and reduction of energy consumption and metal consumption of equipment.3 cl, 1 dwg

Polymer composite material used for forming an electrical equipment local overheats signal // 2622947
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: describes a polymer composite, filled with an odorant, which is sulfur dioxide, lower mercaptans, dialkyl sulfides, dialkyl disulphides or its mixtures, having the explosive destruction temperature in the range 80-200C, used to generate the electrical equipment local overheats signal, wherein the polymeric composite material, filled with the odorant represents: a material, containing the microcapsules with an odorant core, surrounded by a shell of polymeric material, distributed in a polymeric binder; or material, containing crosslinked polymer particles, swollen in an odorant solution enclosed in a polymer matrix; or a material, containing sorbent particles, with the odorant sorbed on them, enclosed in a polymer matrix; or a material, containing porous polymer particles with closed-type pores or channels, filled with an odorant or an odorant solution, enclosed in a polymer matrix.EFFECT: obtained composite polymer material intended to eliminate the appeared ignition.31 cl, 4 dwg, 4 ex

Kochetov's foam generator // 2622927
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in the foam generator, the slotted nozzle is made combined and consists of two mutually rectangular parallelepipeds with throttling through holes of rectangular cross section connected to the housing cavity. A diffuser with a flow divider is rigidly connected to a circular plate with a slotted nozzle attached to it, which is axisymmetrically connected to the branch pipe. The flow dissector is located perpendicular to the axis of the supply pipe and is located at the cutoff of the outlet section of the diffuser.EFFECT: increased effectiveness of fire extinguishing by increasing the range of the gas-droplet jet and expanding the area of the gas-droplet jet.2 cl, 2 dwg
Fire-extinguishing composition // 2622838
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aqueous foam solutions based on surface-active agents (SAA) and can be used to extinguish combustible materials and highly flammable liquids in an open space and under the conditions of volume fire areas indoors. Fire-extinguishing composition comprises a film forming water-based foam and an additive reducing solution freezing temperature, wherein sodium hydrogencarbonate and sucrose are used as additive in the following ratio in wt %: sodium hydrogencarbonate - 10-13; sucrose - 2-5; film-forming foam - 5-7; water - the rest. A mixture of sodium lauryl ether sulphate and lauramine oxide is used as film-forming foam at a ratio of 1:3.EFFECT: invention enables to improve the efficiency of extinguishing fire areas with high-expansion foam and reduce the time of fire extinguishing during storage and usage of a foaming composition at low temperatures both on horizontal and vertical surfaces due to the formation of a stable cooling heat-insulating water film and increase in foam hydrostatic stability.3 cl, 6 ex, 3 tbl

ethod for fire fighting at ammunition storage objects and device for its implementation // 2622829
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in the flame-extinguishing liquid supply manifold from the storage tank into its supply unit to the fire area, the unit of its heating is installed in order to obtain the superheated water. The flame-extinguishing liquid heating unit consists of the body, made of two coaxial profiled shells-cases, forming the inter-shell circular cavity, and the shells themselves can be attached to each other either by forges or by ribbed stiffener, made along the helix line. Passing through the inter-shell circular cavity, the flame-extinguishing liquid is heated by the heat of the jet of flame, created by burning the liquid or gaseous hydrocarbon fuel, supplied through a nozzle head, which is installed at the end face of the profiled shell-cases larger diameter. The oxidizer (air) is supplied into the combustion area by means of the through channels, made in the nozzle head, due to the ejection properties of the fuel combustion products.EFFECT: by changing the channel flow sections area of the air supply into the combustion chamber, the fuel consumption, delivered to the nozzle head, the supply pressure of the flame-extinguishing liquid, the fire extinguishing process and the parameters of the superheated water-its temperature and flow rate, are controlled.2 dwg

Filtering face mask respirator with welded indicating component hidden in fold // 2622826
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: filtering face mask respirator comprising a fixing assembly and a mask body comprising a filter structure comprising one or more folds and a welded indicating component. The welded indicating component is disposed in one or more folds in, at least, partially invisible arrangement, when the said fold is folded, and the said indicating component is fully visible, when the said fold is folded such that the fully visible indicating component indicates that the mask body is in the decomposed state. The indicating component also includes welding lines extended perpendicularly through the fold to increase resistance to crushing.EFFECT: increased protection.16 cl, 6 dwg

Electric exhaust device for the respiratory protective equipment // 2622824
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: exhaust device is provided for detachable or non-detachable connection to a personal respiratory protective device, which produces a certain volume of filtered air in close proximity to the user's face and contains at least one exhalation valve. In this case, the exhaust device comprises an electric blowing element connected in a gaseous medium to at least one above mentioned exhalation valve. The blowing element is designed in such a manner that, during operation, it brings out a portion of air exhaled by the user through at least one above mentioned exhalation valve.EFFECT: when using such an exhaust device that is detachably attached to the respiratory protective device, comfort increases and the user's general feeling improves, especially if the work intensity is high or if the respirator is used for long periods of time, or in conditions of high temperature and humidity due to removal of warm and moist air, accumulating in the interior of the respirator.19 cl, 17 dwg

Safety rope locking device having turning body // 2622818
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: safety rope locking device having a body provided with a through hole for the passage of the anchor ring and a curved groove opening into the through hole to pass the safety rope through the anchor ring. The body has the ability to rotate between the locking position, in which the safety rope is locked by the anchoring ring by pressing it against the body and the unlocking position, in which the safety rope slides in the curved groove and the curved groove contains the deflecting member in the unlock position allowing the safety rope to slide in the curved groove and outside the through hole. According to the invention, the deflecting member is a wall separating the inner space of the through hole and the interior of the curved groove in order to allow the anchor ring to abut the deflecting member in the unlocking position, allowing the safety rope to slide, while preventing the safety rope from rubbing against the anchor ring.EFFECT: increasing the reliability.8 cl, 10 dwg

Device for self-spumescent gas filled foam production // 2622815
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: most successfully the invention can be applied for extinguishing the fires in the large tank farms for storing fuel, in different rooms, the holds of tankers and large spills of combustible and flammable liquids. The device is the tank, filled with the foaming agent solution, the solid fuel gas generator, installed inside the tank above the level of the foaming agent and it is based on the use of solid fuel aerosol generating compounds as the aerosol combustion inhibitor source, having the maximum specific fire-extinguishing ability among the known extinguishing agents.EFFECT: creation of self-supporting fire-extinguishing device by complex effect on the foam heat source and the inhibiting aerosol.1 dwg

Liquid flow ejector-type spreader // 2622798
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: nozzle diffuser contains a hollow body consisting of a cylindrical part with an external thread for connecting to the connection of the distribution pipeline for supplying liquid, and a cap nut fixed to the bottom of the body with a divider of the liquid flow. A cylindrical hole is made coaxial to the dissector in the case, in the upper part of which a screen filter is installed. To the end surface of the union nut axially symmetrical to the body is attached by means of couplers a divider of the liquid flow. The dissector consists of a diffuser, coaxial with the body, with ejection holes, to which is attached a cylindrical shell. In the shell are consistently installed four mesh cutters, one of them is made in the form of a mesh diffuser, fixed on a reticular circle, installed perpendicular to the axis of the diffuser. Two other mesh cutters, conical and circular, are fixed on the inner surface of the cylindrical shell in such a way that the axis of the conical mesh splitter is aligned with the axis of the diffuser, and the center of the circular dissector lies on the axis of the diffuser. The cavities of the mesh dividers located on both sides of the circular dissector are filled with a porous material.EFFECT: higher efficiency of spraying a fire-quenching liquid solution of a foaming agent.1 dwg

Gas fire extinguishing system // 2622797
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: gas fire extinguishing system for containers with flammable and combustible liquids contains a control unit and a series-connected isothermal tank for liquid carbon dioxide with a carbon dioxide supply line and a shut-off device located outside the tank, switchgears and a distribution pipeline with sprayers. The shut-off device is above the level of liquid carbon dioxide in the tank. The intake of carbon dioxide is produced through a pipeline in the reservoir from the bottom of the latter. The atomizer is made in the form of a deluge head. Each of the deluge heads is made in the form of a choke with a channel and a divider fixed to the holders. The base of the sprinkler is connected to two arc shaped holders, that hold a bushing with the splitter fixed thereon, made in form of the diffuser with bent towards the base belt with petals, located along the generatrix of the belt cone surface. Inside the splitter, an additional sprayer is provided, which is in the form of a cup fixed by means of horizontally arranged, flat petals to the inner surface of the divider. The cup axis coincides with the axes of the through channel of the fitting and the bush, and its inner cavity is directed towards the bushing. Screw grooves are provided on the inner surface of the cup of the dispenser of the deluge heads.EFFECT: increased fire extinguishing efficiency.2 dwg

Vortex nozzle for spraying liquids // 2622796
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: liquid-fuel nozzle includes a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core. Mentioned case has fluid feed channel and includes the sleeve aligned and rigidly coupled therewith and having nozzle secured to its lower part. The nozzle is designed in the form of cylindrical two-step sleeve, the upper cylindrical step is connected by means of the thread joint with the central cylindrical core, having the internal through central hole and installed with the ring clearance relatively to the internal surface of the cylindrical sleeve. The ring clearance is connected with radial channels, made in the two-step sleeve to communicate with circular cavity, formed by the sleeve inner surface and top cylindrical step outer surface. The diffuser is rigidly attached to the central core, at its lower part, and is made in the form of a truncated cone coaxial to the central hole of the core and attached by its upper base to the base of the cylinder of the central core. A divider is attached to the lower base of the truncated cone by means of spokes, which is made in the form of an end circular plate whose edges are bent towards the annular gap, and screw grooves are provided on the outer lateral surface of the truncated cone. To the lower base of the truncated cone of a nebulizer rigidly attached to the central core, an internal diffuser is coaxially attached in its lower part in such a way that the output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of finely dispersed liquid spray.2 cl, 2 dwg

Fluid dispenser // 2622795
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: fluid dispenser comprises a hollow cylindrical casing with a nozzle in which jets are arranged in mutually perpendicular planes. The hollow casing consists of a cylindrical part with external thread for connection to a distribution pipeline union and two hollow cylindrical-conical collars sequentially connected and coaxial to it. Coaxial to the body, in its lower part, a nozzle is formed by an external conical surface and an end wall perpendicular to the axis of the nozzle with a blind partition, in which the central throttling opening and inclined holes at an angle of 45 to the nozzle axis. On the nozzle conical surface, the cylindrical collar is made with outer thread for connection with the case lower cylinder-taper belt is made. An additional row of jets that are formed by the pairs of mutually perpendicular vertical channels for fluid passage and horizontal channels which are crossing on the conical lateral surface of the nozzle and form outlet holes of each jet are made on the opposite side of the fluid supply of the nozzle. Note that paired channels are arranged at right angle in the case lengthwise planes. The conical lateral surface of the nozzle features vertex angle equal to 90. On the cylinder-conical belt rigidly connected to the cylindrical part of the body, two rows of throttling holes are made: one row represents horizontal holes made on a cylindrical surface, the other row represents inclined holes at an angle of 45. On the cylindrical conical belt rigidly connected to the cylindrical part of the body with the external thread, the conical shock plate is rigidly fixed under the output slices of the inclined holes made at an angle of 45 to the axis of the body, on the lower conical surface of the cylinder-conic belt.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of finely dispersed liquid spray.1 dwg

Nozzle for liquid spray // 2622794
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: nozzle for spraying the liquid contains a body, a fitting and a co-axially inserted swirl insert. The nozzle has an expanding channel for supplying liquid to the cylindrical hole, which is axially symmetric to the body and smoothly passes into a coaxial with it shaped aperture made in the form of a diffuser, and in the cylindrical bore of the body, axially symmetric to it, a cylindrical vortex insert with external peripheral helical threaded channels. On the axis of the vortex insertion, a central axial aperture with a screw thread on the inner surface, opposite to the channel cutting direction, is formed. The vortex insert is installed in the housing through elastic gaskets and is pressed by the union by means of a threaded connection of the body-fitting. The perforated spherical dissector is fixed coaxially and axially symmetrically to the hole formed in the form of a diffuser. The diameter of the outlet of the diffuser is equal to the diameter of the spherical surface lying in the plane of conjugation of the exit aperture with a spherical dissector.EFFECT: improved liquid spray quality, sprayer performance, and hydraulic losses reduction.2 cl, 2 dwg

Kochetov's pneumatic dispenser // 2622793
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: liquid atomizer comprises a hollow cylindrical body connected to a nozzle in which throttling openings are provided. The hollow casing consists of a cylindrical part with external thread for connection to a distribution pipeline union and two hollow cylindrical-conical collars sequentially connected and coaxial to it. Coaxial to the body, in its lower part, the nozzle, which is at the bottom of the glass, which are made of vertical and inclined throttle holes at an angle of 45 to the axis of the nozzle. A number of radial holes, axes, which lie in a plane perpendicular to the axis of the shell, are made in the cylindrical shell belt. The body and nozzle form among themselves several coaxial internal chambers: cylindrical and located between them, a conical chamber. One of the cameras is used to supply fluid spray, and conical and cylindrical chambers are the expansion chambers. In the central part of the nozzle, a tube for supplying air (gas) is coaxially attached to it, to one end of which, in its lower part, a hollow disk with a perforation facing the outlet cross-sections of the throttle openings of the nozzle is fixed.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of finely dispersed liquid spray.2 cl, 1 dwg
The method of explosive anhydrous unmanned remote fire-fighting // 2622792
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: providing an unmanned aerial vehicle with containers - plastic bottles, which are filled with a dispersed fire-extinguishing agent mixed with a dispersed explosive. In the lid of the container, a groove is provided for mounting from the inner side of thermal fuse-detonator. The unmanned aerial vehicle is equipped with a thermal sensor for remote orientation to a zone of a burning object and commanding an automatic system for periodically ejecting containers into the area of a burning object when the unmanned aerial vehicle is above the area of the burning object. From the heat sensor, a command is issued to eject the container, which, according to the calculated path, is delivered to the selected portion of the burning object. Under the influence of high temperature in the area of a burning object, a thermal fuse detonator is detonated, which detonates the explosive of the container. In accordance with the intensity of the fire, the automatic container ejection system determines the time interval for the ejection of subsequent containers that are emitted as the unmanned aerial vehicle travels over the fire zone.EFFECT: increased fire-extinguishing efficiency.1 cl
Kochetov's stand for modeling emergency situation // 2622791
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: stand for simulation of an emergency situation contains a mock-up of an explosive object, a protective cover and a pallet. The cover with the pallet is a single closed structure formed around the mock-up of an explosive object located in the test box. The model is equipped with transport and suspension systems. The protective cover is multilayered and consists of an inverted aluminium layer inside the model, as well as the rubber and percale layers. The model of the explosive object is equipped with the object to be examined on the stand: an explosion-proof element installed above the hole in the upper part of the layout, which consists of an armoured metal frame with armoured metal lining and filler-lead. In the upper part of the layout, at the aperture, symmetrically with respect to its axis, four support rods are inserted, telescopically inserted into the fixed pipe fittings embedded in the panel of the explosion-proof element, and to fix the limit position of the panel, the stop sheets are welded to the ends of the support rods.EFFECT: increased efficiency of protection of the process equipment and people against emergencies by possibility of forecast of the emergency development during accident at the explosion dangerous object.2 dwg

Device for preventing ang fighting fires and method of its construction // 2622787
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a trench in upland channels located in the controlled area, in the controlled area has one or more control and monitoring boards and sensors are placed around the perimeter of the controlled area, and a protective multishell system. Protective multiclad system comprising: pits storage lined composite nanomaterial, on top of pits storage have a cover of a flexible non-combustible material, and the bottom has a filter membrane and vodonapolnyaemye shell composite nanomaterial interconnected by flexible ties provided with a springy cage, passages for animals and openings for filling and splashing water or other aqueous solution, and upland channels covered the perimeter of composite nanomaterials with seeds treated with herbicides contain retaining structures with vodonapolnyaemymi shells made of composite nanomaterials and withdrawals from the water supply device, located at the nodal points of the highland canals.EFFECT: invention provides the reliability of the device and the environmental security of protected areas from the effects of fires, natural and man-made disasters, reduce costs during the operation.10 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of carrying out search and rescue works // 2622505
FIELD: rescue work.SUBSTANCE: search and rescue method includes the introduction of the coordinates of the search boundaries, the flight altitude, the direction and the scan step before launching the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). A UAV with GLONAS searches for an area using an ultra-wideband radar (UWR), calculating the distance between the unmanned aerial vehicle and the victim, determining its physical condition, setting the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere with a gas analyzer. According to the image from an infrared video camera, sources of fire and increased temperature danger are determined. Locating obstacles that need to be flown around by using a laser 3D scanner. Data from all detecting devices are transferred to the UAV microcomputer and to the operator's console. When a person is found in the scanning area, a signal is sent to the operator's console and personal protective equipment, medicines, a mobile phone are delivered with the help of the UAV.EFFECT: acceleration and improvement of the quality of search and rescue operations.3 dwg
Combined composition for fire fighting, method for combined fire fighting and microcapsulated extinguishing agent // 2622303
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of using a fire combined extinguishing with microencapsulated extinguishing agent, the shell of which is filled with extinguishing agent in the form of a powdered sorbent - silica gel saturated with ozone-friendly flame retardant liquid in the form of perfluoroethylene propilketon. The combined fire-extinguishing method is in the supply into the seat of fire mentioned microencapsulated extinguishing agent.EFFECT: created microencapsulated extinguishing fire extinguishing agent has excellent characteristics inhibiting component of the claimed combination composition for extinguishing - perftoretilizopropilketon has no environmental harmfulness.3 cl, 4 tbl

Delivery method for coated liquid or granular substance fragments // 2620972
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method comprises the following steps: type and size selection (630) for coated fragments (110), containing the necessary active ingredients (120) based on the task parameters (610), and physical characteristics of the target area; delivery (640) of the coated fragments (110) to the appointed place, based on the task parameters and physical characteristics, and delivery of coated fragments on a ballistic trajectory (650) to the target, when liquid or granular substances (120) are enclosed in the coated fragments (130), which provides a much higher ballistic ratio for coated fragments than the ballistic ration for similar uncoated fragments.EFFECT: improved method.15 cl, 11 dwg
 
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