Life-saving and fire-fighting (A62)

A   Human necessities(312083)
A62            Life-saving; fire-fighting(6694)

Respiratory mask with clean air reception chamber // 2642776
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: body of the respiratory mask forming the first chamber and the second chamber is provided. In one embodiment, the mask body comprises one or more inlet ports configured to receive one or more components in the form of respiratory air sources communicating with the first chamber and allowing movement of the withdrawn fluid.EFFECT: component allows air to be transferred from the first chamber to the second chamber during inhalation.18 cl, 6 dwg
obile roboticized fire extinguishing unit on the basis of gyroscooters // 2642770
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: device comprises two or more firefighter robots on mobile devices including a hydraulic monitor with vertical and horizontal guidance mounted on the monitor, nozzles with a drive for changing the spray angle, an ignition detection device, connected to the switching unit, a transport drive, a drive of docking with a hydraulic valve and a power connector, a rangefinder and a battery connected through a control unit to a switching unit that on the output is connected via a radio channel through a radio control unit with remote-control console and control device connected through a receiving and controlling device with fire detectors. Firefighter robot is installed on mobile device - gyroscooter and includes control box of center-of-gravity position, the route card navigator with parking device to water intake sites for docking with hydrovalve and power connector.EFFECT: creation of a highly reliable, efficient high-speed fire extinguishing device with automatic identification of the fire coordinates, the automatic directing of the jet of fire extinguishing agent to the source of ignition and a significant expansion of the working area of service with a decrease in the number of firefighter robots that make up the unit.2 dwg

Foaming generator with a mesh cutter // 2642647
FIELD: fire safety; fire engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment and is designed for use in automatic systems of fire-fighting by generation of a high-expansion polydisperse foam under conditions of room smoke screening by blockage of quick-burning products with a high-expansion polydisperse foam. Foaming generator with a mesh cutter comprises a sprayer which consists of a throttling washer with an annular flange facing towards a fitting with a flange perpendicular to the axis of the throttling washer and the axis of a hole made in the fitting. In the throttling washer there is one central through hole and at least two concentrically circumferentially arranged rows of through holes, and there are nozzles in concentrically circumferentially arranged rows of through hole of the throttling washer. Passage sections of the through holes and corresponding channels for the supply of liquid in the nozzles are the same.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of spraying a fire-fighting liquid solution of a foaming agent (a high-expansion polydisperse foam).1 cl, 2 dwg
Foam generator // 2642582
FIELD: fire safety; fire engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of fire-fighting equipment and is designed for use in automatic systems of fire-fighting by generation of a high-expansion polydisperse foam under conditions of room smoke screening by blockage of quick-burning products with a high-expansion polydisperse foam. In the foam generator, each of the spray nozzles consists of a cylindrical hollow body with a fluid supply channel, threaded portion and garter belt section. In the lower part of the cylindrical hollow body with a channel for supplying liquid, a hollow conical swirler is fixed. Conical shell of the swirler is fixed by means of at least three spokes fixed at one end to the conical shell of the swirler in its upper part and the other end to the annular groove formed on the inner surface of the fluid supply channel. On the surface of the hollow cone swirler a screw thread is made.EFFECT: technical effect: higher efficiency of spraying a fire-fighting liquid solution of a foaming agent (a high-expansion polydisperse foam).1 cl, 2 dwg
Foam generator of ejection type // 2642581
FIELD: fire safety; fire engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting equipment and is designed for use in automatic systems of fire-fighting by generation of a high-expansion polydisperse foam under conditions of room smoke screening by blockage of quick-burning products with a high-expansion polydisperse foam. In an ejection type foam generator, each of the nozzles comprises a cylindrical hollow body with a fluid supply channel, threaded portion, and garter belt section. In the lower part of the cylindrical hollow body with a channel for supplying liquid, a hollow conical swirler is fixed. Conical shell of the swirler is fixed by means of at least three spokes fixed at one end to the conical shell of the swirler in its upper part and the other end to the annular groove formed on the inner surface of the fluid supply channel. On the surface of the hollow cone swirler a screw thread is made.EFFECT: technical effect: higher efficiency of spraying a fire-fighting liquid solution of a foaming agent (a high-expansion polydisperse foam).1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of peat fire extinguishing at depth and device for its implementation // 2642509
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: method of a peat fire extinguishing at depth includes loosening the peat layer at a certain depth and, at the same time, supply of water to the obtained channels via a cascade of heads, located on loosening levers. Continuous fire extinguishing is carried out by constant refill of the carrier vehicle tank with water using a helicopter from a special suspended water capsule. The device for implementing the method of a peat fire extinguishing includes a carrier caterpillar vehicle 1, on the platform of which there is a tank 3 for water with a piping system for water supply in the peat layer and a frame 9 with a mechanism of the peat layer destruction, which is made in the form of a cascade of curved levers 11 of triangular section, installed on the frame. A tubular head 12 with openings is attached to the ends of each lever. The ends of the central pipeline 10 have threaded plugs allowing for the attachment of the additional levers with tubular heads or fire hoses with hydraulic guns. The filler neck 4 of the water tank 3 has 5 LEDs on the perimeter, while the carrier vehicle in its front part is fitted with rollers 15, located on sliding rotary beams 16, complete with movement recording sensors.EFFECT: possibility of eliminating fire sources at a certain depth of their occurrence.5 cl, 6 dwg

Individual respiratory protective device // 2642345
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: respirator comprises a body having a peripheral portion, a filter material forming at least a portion of the body, and a sealing gasket located on the peripheral portion of the body along at least a part of its length. At that, the sealing gasket is made of a flexible elastomeric material, and its transverse profile has a protrusion in the direction from the peripheral part of the body with a folding point located on the protrusion, with respect to which the sealing gasket is foldable.EFFECT: protection enhancement.21 cl, 11 dwg

Respirator with optically active exhalation valve // 2642340
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: respirator (10) includes a fastening system (13, 16), a mask base (12), and an exhalation valve (14). The exhalation valve (14) may include a valve seat (20) and a flexible flap (22) meshed with the valve seat. The flexible flap may contain one or more materials that can cause the flap (26) flashing when moving from the closed position to the open position. With a flashing valve, it is easier for the user to make sure that the valve is working properly.EFFECT: better convenience.18 cl, 14 dwg
Device for extinguishing forest fires // 2642029
FIELD: means of ensuring safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire fighting equipment, in particular to devices for extinguishing forest fires with water (extinguishing liquid) from air, mounted on amphibious aircraft. Essence of claimed invention lies in that the amphibian aircraft is equipped with a device consisting of two vertically arranged cases. Device is mounted inside the boat hull of seaplane. Containers are placed in the cases, said containers being filled with a fire extinguishing liquid (water). Containers are filled with water from natural reservoirs using two water intake devices built in the bottom of the seaplane, said containers also serve as a conduit for raising seawater. In the planning mode of the seaplane, water passes the water intake device/conduit and, under the pressure of its high-speed head, enters the tanks. After filling the containers with water, the water is mixed with solid chemical extinguishing agents in flight, and the containers are sealed. When the seaplane approaches the fire, both containers are exactly released onto the fire source. Entire volume is 100 % delivered to the burning surface.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is high efficiency of extinguishing forest fires using amphibian aircraft due to precise release of the extinguishing liquid (water) packed in sealed biodegradable containers.1 cl, 1 dwg

Fire-extinguishing sprinkler system // 2641476
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in a sprinkler fire extinguishing system consisting of a water supply source, a network of main and distribution pipelines with sprinkler heads, additionally contains a main water feeder with a filter placed in the source connected to the main pipeline and a make-up system installed parallel to the main water feeder line and including a make-up pipeline auxiliary water supply and auxiliary (automatic) water supply, and the control and alarm system includes control Signal valve and signal device, for example, in the form of a sound siren. The main pipeline is connected to a network of distribution pipelines in which sprinkler heads are mounted, each of which consists of a base that is connected to at least two arcuate holders that hold the bushing with a divider attached to it, made in the form of a diffuser with a girdle bent toward the base with the petals located along the generatrix of the conical surface of the girdle, and inside the divider there is additionally installed a sprayer, made in the form of a cup, At least three radially horizontally located flat petals to the inner surface of the dissector. The cup axis coincides with the axes of the through channel of the fitting and the sleeve, its inner cavity is directed towards the sleeve, and the glass bulb is supported by a lower end on the valve through an elastic gasket fixed on the external end surface of the valve, which in turn rests on the base in the form of a nozzle with tapered thread and through channel. The glass bulb rests on the upper end of the holder, mounted in the lower part of the sleeve with the divider attached to it. The holder is installed in the lower part of the bushing with a clearance.EFFECT: increased efficiency of fire extinguishing due to quick-acting elements, added to the common circuit of the automatic fire-extinguishing system.2 cl, 2 dwg
Nozzle with active splitter // 2641459
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: nozzle comprises a hollow cylindrical body with a vortex flow splitter, in the upper part of the body there is an external thread for connection to the union of the distribution pipeline for liquid supply, and in the lower part of the body there is an external thread for connection with the vortex flow splitter. In the body, there is an inner cylindrical chamber which serves for liquid supply, and in the cylindrical chamber, coaxial thereto, there is a swirler installed with clearance relative to inner side surface of chamber and fixed on the rod which is fixed to the body in its upper part by means of a screen filter. The vortex flow splitter is fixed to the body by means of a holder having an inner thread and made in the form of a ring to which at least two plates inclined to the nozzle axis are attached and connected in lower part by means of vertically arranged rod on which the second swirler is installed, and made in the form of a cone with screw blades that encloses the rod with a gap and rests in the lower part on the stop located horizontally and perpendicular to the rod, in the cylindrical chamber, coaxial thereto, there is a hollow conical swirler installed with clearance relative to inner side surface of chamber and made in the form of a conical surface with screw through thread. The conical surface vertex of the hollow conical swirler is fixed on end surface of the rod.EFFECT: fine-dispersed liquid sprayer efficiency increase.1 dwg

Fire-fighting hose // 2641450
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the fire-prevention technology, the means of fire-extinguishing material supply (liquid fire-extinguishing substance), and can be used on the mobile fire-fighting facility to supply the fire-extinguishing substance to the height to extinguish the open occurred fire of one-and two-storied residential, public and administrative buildings of IV-V degree fire resistance. The fire barrel 4 is provided with cylindrical nozzles - central 15 and peripheral 16. The nozzles 16 axes are positioned at the angle to the axis of the hose 4 body 8. There are the through cylindrical axial holes 17 (18) with the sharp inlet edge in the nozzle 15 (16).EFFECT: fire extinguishing efficiency increase due to the possibility to supply the liquid fire extinguishing substances to the height, provision of the required intensity of fire extinguishing liquid supply from above to the maximum fire area, reduction of the open fire extinguishing time, personnel safety increase through the possibility to supply the fire extinguishing liquids without involving personnel into work at height in conditions of dangerous fire factors exposure, increase of the device operational reliability in the conditions of low negative temperatures of the north, expansion of the fire protection units operational departments tactical and technical capabilities.2 cl, 6 dwg

Locomotive system of early detection and firefighting // 2641402
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: system includes a control and data collection unit, uninterrupted power supply, fire-fighting equipment control device, audio signal device, remote control devices, a magnetically controlled sensor, fire-warning device, radio station, device of switching from automatic control mode to manual control mode, mobile communication unit, linear heat detector. Moreover, the system is equipped with a control and data collection unit or two CAN-interfaces, integrated into this unit, one of which is intended for communication with the mobile communication unit and/or on-board recording systems, and the second one is to communicate with similar systems in other sections of multiple-unit locomotives.EFFECT: expanded functionality.5 cl, 1 dwg
Generator of polydispersed high-quality foam of vortex type // 2641272
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in the generator of polydisperse high-frequency foam of the vortex type, each of the nozzles comprises a cylindrical hollow body with a channel for supplying liquid, a threaded portion and a girdle with cuts for the key. In the lower part of the cylindrical hollow body with a channel for supplying liquid, a hollow conical vortex is fixed. Conical vortex shell is fixed by at least three spokes of enshrined one end on a conical cowling vortex in the upper part and the other end-ring groove, performed on the inner surface of the inlet channel liquid. The screw thread is cut on the outer surface of the hollow conical vortex.EFFECT: higher efficiency of spraying a fire-quenching liquid solution of a foaming agent.2 dwg

ethod for manufacture absorption holder cartridge // 2641090
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: absorber sheets are rolled and a separating grid is placed between the absorber coils, wherein the absorber sheets are made in the form of a shell of a gas permeable material into which partially dewatered pasty absorbent material is placed. The difference of the method is that the shell is sealed by welding in the form of a sleeve with a seam on the outer side surface, after which the sleeve is turned inside out forming an internal seam which is unfolded into the middle part of the side surface. The sleeve receives a folded shape and the absorbent material is fed through the central portion, subsequently unfolding the sleeve into a strip and filling its free portion with absorbent material, the filled strip is profiled and subjected to IR drying to a predetermined humidity, and rolled together with the separation grid on the central tube. Before folding into a roll, the lateral surfaces of the separation grid are cut at a width of 2-3 mm at a distance from the end equal to the two outer turns of the spiral.EFFECT: increased efficiency of the absorption cartridge by increasing the amount of absorber working out.9 cl, 16 dwg

Fire-fighting clothes of fire-rescuer for integrated protection from dangerous fire factors, ballistic and dynamic exposures // 2640991
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: complex of its protective properties is provided in one protection packet, including the top fabric, made of paraaramid materials, heat-insulating lining and flexible flat armour protection elements that determines safe working conditions when using such fire-fighting clothes without additional protection elements, increasing the weight of the product and decreasing its ergonomic characteristics and reliability.EFFECT: complex protection from dangerous fire factors, ballistic and dynamic exposures in firefighting and eliminating emergencies at various sites, buildings and structures.1 tbl, 2 dwg

Respiratory mask with nose support element-expander // 2640984
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: basis of the respiratory mask is provided, which has the nose area, including the seal and the support element-expander. In one embodiment, the mask basis has the nose area, including the support element-expander, extending in the direction away from the seal and having the configuration in which it is in contact with the user's nose outside the seal.EFFECT: usability increase.17 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for creating additional reserves of water at restoration of peat bogs // 2640829
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: method contains a structural scheme and includes a storage pond 1 where water from a freshwater source is fed through channel 2, a water outlet 3, ice sites 4, a pumping station 5 connected to a water outlet 3 and an underground pipeline 6 with hydrants 7 and connected to them sprinklers 8, pond-accumulator 9 of freshwater, pond-distributor 10 for supplying water to bogs peateries. For collecting and supplying freshwater, pond-accumulator 9 also includes channel 13, dug along the central longitudinal axis with a bias to collecting place to the pond-distributor 10, and at the end of the channel 13 areaway is made. Storage pond 1, pond-accumulator 9 and pond-distributor 10 are sequentially located in the direction of the main slope of the terrain. Ice sites 4 with pipelines 11 with valves 12 are connected to the storage pond 9. To spray the layer of black material onto the ice mass, a heat-insulating coating is applied of hydrophilic capillary-porous material of the soil or in the form of peat by spraying using natural climatic factors, in particular, under the action of solar radiation, which is intended to accelerate the melting of ice with the transformation into the accumulation of water in summertime. Ponds 1, 9 and 10 are hydraulically connected to each other by pipelines with valves. After the water enters the pond-distributor 10, it is supplied into the open channel 18 to fill the peat bog 17, which is divided into compartments. The compartments of the peat bog are separated by earthen bridges with the water outlets made in them with regulating structures. Thus, this allows creating conditions for the restoration of peat bogs on the cutover bogs.EFFECT: providing an environmental and ameliorative environment more reliably and reducing the risk of emergencies around the cutover bogs.4 cl, 8 dwg

Fire-extinguishing sprinkler plant and method of operation of said plant // 2640476
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: sprinkler fire-extinguishing plant contains a distribution network with controlled sprinkler water mist sprayers with, that are connected with their autonomous blocks of multifactor control and management with the possibility of each block to perform its multicriterial early fire detection and low-inertia forced start of its sprinkler sprayer by a pyrotechnic drive. The distribution network is complete with an autonomous function and is connected via a supply pipeline and a check valve with an electric pump connected to a water feeder tank, which is connected to a drinking and household water pipeline via a float valve, and the electric pump is controlled by a power control unit coupled with a control and automation control device, designed to control the electric pump switching on by a pressure sensor signal for an operating time, set by the device program in order to form a mist water jet with a specified spraying time.EFFECT: early detection of fire, low-inertia start of fire-extinguishing means, fire extinguishing by a small volume of water at facilities that have a drinking and household pipeline as the only source of water.6 cl, 1 dwg
Stand for investigating parameters of explosion-proof elements in case of emergency situation at explosion-hazard facility // 2640474
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: stand for investigating parameters of explosion-proof elements in case of emergency situation at explosion-hazard facility contains a monitoring system with processing of obtained information about the dangerous zone to make a decision for preventing the emergency situation, in the test box an explosion-hazard facility mock-up is set, and video cameras are installed on its inner and outer perimeters for video surveillance of the emergency situation development in case of accident at the explosion-hazard facility which is modelled by installing an of explosive fragmentation element with explosion initiator in the mock-up. Video cameras are made in explosion-proof design, and the outputs from the video cameras are connected through the inner cavity of the spacers to the unit by means of which recording and registration of developing changes of technological parameters in the mock-up is carried out, after which oscillograms of developing changes of technological parameters in the mock-up of explosive facility are recorded by analyzer system, an opening is made in the ceiling part of the mock-up which is closed with explosion-proof element mounted in a loose fit on three elastic pins, one end of each of which is rigidly fixed in mock-up ceiling, and a horizontal cross-bar is fixed on the second one, a three-dimensional pressure sensor is installed between the explosive fragmentation element and the opening, the output of which is connected to the input of the recording and registration equipment unit, and temperature and humidity sensors are placed on both sides of the pressure sensor that control thermal and humidity conditions within the mock-up, the outputs of which are also connected to the input of the recording and registration equipment unit, the outputs of which are also connected to the input of the recording and registration equipment unit, and the inner and outer surfaces of the mock-up are glued by strain gages, the outputs of which are also connected to the input of recording and registration equipment unit, after processing of obtained experimental data, information database is formed concerning development of the emergency situation in case of accident at the explosion-hazard facility to constitute mathematical model that forecasting prevention of the emergency situation in case of accident at explosion-hazard facility.EFFECT: increased efficiency of protection for process equipment and people against emergency situations by means of emergency situation development prediction in event of accident at explosive hazard facility.3 dwg

Water curtain fire-extinguishing plant // 2640473
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: drencher plant, consisting of the water source, mainline and distribution pipeline network with drencher heads, additionally contains the main water feeder with a filter, immersed in the source, and connected to the main pipeline, and makeup system, installed parallel to the main feeder line and including makeup pipeline of the auxiliary water feeder and an auxiliary (automatic) water feeder. And the control and alarm system include an alarm control valve and alarm device, such as an alarm horn. The main pipeline is connected with the network of distribution pipelines, which has installed drencher heads, each of which is made in the form of a fitting with a channel and divider, fixed to the holders. The base is coupled with at least two arc-shaped holders, which hold the bushing with the divider, fixed on it. The divider is designed as a diffusor with a shoulder, bent towards the base, and with lobes, located at the conical surface generatrix of the shoulder. Inside the divider a spray nozzle is additionally installed. It is made as a bowl, attached to the inner surface of the divider by at least three radial horizontal flat lobes. The axis of the bowl coincides with the axes of the through-channel of the fitting and bushing, and its inner cavity is directed towards the bushing.EFFECT: increased efficiency of fire extinguishing due to quick-acting elements, added to the common circuit of the automatic fire-extinguishing system.2 dwg
Fire-extinguishing method with application of gas-liquid mixture // 2640472
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in the fire-extinguishing method using a gas-liquid mixture which is carried out by means of a vessel, in which the fire-extinguishing agent is stored and which is connected to a starting cylinder with the working gas, the vessel, in which the fire-extinguishing agent is stored, is fixed by brackets to the engineering structure of the room and equipped with a gas phase discharge device, combined with a measuring feeler for the fire-extinguishing agent and a device for forming a gas-liquid mixture of vortex type, which is designed in the form of a conical mixing chamber with a tangential gas inlet in the upper part, then is connected by a flexible high-pressure hose for working gas, such as nitrogen or CO2, to the vessel from the starting cylinder. The gas supply is carried out along a vortex element coaxial to the chamber and made in the form of a conical perforated helix with a perforation coefficient in the range of 50÷80%, and the supply of the gas-liquid mixture to the central pipeline is carried out from the lower part of the chamber connected to the fire-extinguishing agent discharge device, combined with a safety valve, while the vertical branch pipe of the chamber through a tee is connected to the fire-extinguishing agent filling device and a pressure indicator, and the formed gas-liquid mixture is directed through the central pipeline to the node point of the distribution network, and then through the distribution network to all sprayers. Each sprayer or assembly of sprayers are provided with an orientor in one or two planes, and each sprayer is made from a base in the form of a fitting with a channel and a divider attached to the holders, and the sprayer base is connected to at least two arch-shaped holders that hold the bushing with a divider, fixed on it and designed as a diffuser with a shoulder bent toward the base with lobes, located along the generatrix of the conical surface of the shoulder, and inside the divider a spray nozzle is additionally installed, which is designed as a cup, fastened by at least three radial, horizontal, flat lobes to the inner surface of the divider, with the cup axis coinciding with the axes of the through-channel of the fitting and bushing, and its inner cavity being directed towards the bushing.EFFECT: increase in the response speed of the fire-extinguishing system.2 dwg

odular fire extinguishing system with vortex apparatus for formation of gas-liquid mixture // 2640471
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: modular fire extinguishing system with a vortex apparatus for the formation a gas-liquid mixture comprises of a vessel containing the fire extinguishing agent, a starting cylinder with a working gas, a piping network with sprayers, and the vessel is secured by brackets to the engineering structure of the room and has a gas phase reset device, combined with a measuring feeler for fire-extinguishing agent and is equipped with device for the formation of a gas-liquid mixture of vortex type, which is made in the form of a conical mixing chamber with tangential input in the upper part, made in the form of a flexible high pressure hose connected with the starting cylinder, filled with the working gas (e.g. nitrogen or CO2), while the supply of fire-extinguishing agent is carried out by a vortex element, coaxial with the chamber and designed as a conical perforated helix with a perforation ratio within the range of 50÷80%, and the gas-liquid mixture is supplied to a central pipeline from the bottom of the chamber, connected to a discharge device for fire-extinguishing agent, combined with a safety valve. The vertical branch pipe of the mixing chamber is connected to the fire-extinguishing agent filling device and pressure indicator unit, and the starting cylinder is located next to the fire-extinguishing agent tank and is equipped with a lock-and-release device for electrical and thermomechanical start. Each node of the distribution network includes a gas-liquid mixture distribution device, while a standard tee is used to divide the flow into two directions. When the flow is divided into two or more directions, they use a distribution device of a special design, e.g. chamber type, and each sprayer or sprayer assembly is equipped with an orientor in one or two planes, and the sprayer contains a base, which is connected with, at least, two arc-shaped holders, which hold the bushing with a divider, secured in it. The divider is designed as a diffusor with a shoulder, bent towards the base, and with lobes, located on the conical surface generatrix of the shoulder. Inside the divider a spray nozzle is additionally installed. It is made as a bowl, fixed by at least three radial horizontal flat lobes to the inner surface of the divider. The axis of the bowl coincides with the axes of the through-channel of the fitting and bushing, and its inner cavity is directed towards the bushing.EFFECT: increase in the response speed of the fire-extinguishing system.2 dwg
ethod for predicting emergency development at explosive object // 2640470
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: in the method for predicting the emergency development during the accident at an explosive object, which consists in using a monitoring system with the processing of obtained information on the dangerous zone for making a decision on the prevention of emergency, a model of an explosive object is placed in the test box, and video cameras are placed around its inner and outer perimeters for video monitoring of the emergency development process during the accident at an explosive object modelled by installing an explosive fission element with an explosion initiator in the model. Video cameras are made in explosion-roof design, and video camera outputs via the internal cavity of inserts are connected with the block, by which the ongoing processes of the model process parameters change are recorded and registered, then using system of analyzers the recorded oscillograms of the ongoing processes of the explosive object model process parameters change are registered, and in ceiling part of the model the aperture is made, which is covered with the explosion-proof element free installed on three resilient rods, one end of each rod is rigidly fixed in the model ceiling, and on the another end the horizontal bar is secured, between the explosive fission element and aperture the three-coordinate explosion-proof pressure transmitter is installed, its output is connected with input of the recording and registration devices block, and at both sides from the pressure transmitter the temperature and humidity transmitters are installed, the monitor temperature-moisture mode of the model, whose outputs are also connected with input of the recording and registration devices block, and internal and external surfaces of the model guard are provided with glued on strain sensors, whose outputs are also connected with input of the recording and registration devices block, after processing of the obtained test data the information data base of the emergency development during accident at the explosive object is made, and mathematical model is prepared to predict prevention of the emergency during accident at the explosive object.EFFECT: increased efficiency of protecting process equipment and people against emergency by means of predicting emergency development during accident at an explosive object.2 dwg

Gas-generating device // 2640466
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas-generating devices using channel porous gas-permeable gas-generating charges, namely, gas generators operating on these charges, providing ignition and combustion of low-calorie compositions that create, during combustion, the working pressure of low-temperature working gas for systems of displacing liquid and powder substances, and for products in which it is necessary to create a pressure of a certain level. The gas-generating device comprises an outer metal cylindrical body sealed by a rolling up with a lid, a solid chemical charge placed in the body made of bezazido gas generating composition with a central blind cylindrical channel formed from the side of the end facing the lid and an igniter. Between the lid and the end of the charge a flat elastic element is placed. According to the invention, the outer metal body is provided with an internal perforated body affixed to the lid by a rolling method and arranged such that an annular slit gas duct is formed between the outer body and the internal perforated body, the charge of the solid chemical agent of the bezazido gas generating composition with the central blind cylindrical channel is porous and gas permeable of substances and in the composition selected depending on the field of use, an igniter is placed in its channel, and it is made granular. The channel porous gas-permeable gas-generating charge is installed without a gap inside the perforated body with one end facing the lid with a flat elastic element and the other end in a hollow-bottomed tin of the internal perforated body, the outer metal casing is closed with a notched splitter damper, a tightly sealed docking device is placed outside on the lid.EFFECT: gas generating device provides minimum operating time not more than 3 s, the pressure difference of the combustion arch does not exceed 1,5 MPa and the gas temperature is not higher than 373 K, meets the ecological requirements, is compact, economical and convenient to use.6 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of water encroachment of peatbogs, preeminently of cutover peats // 2640278
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: water encroachment of cutover peats is made as a constructive scheme, including reservoir 1, accumulating water from local runoff, retaining and regulating structures 2 located at the inlet to bypass channel 3, and below main pipeline 4 with closures 5-7. The main pipeline 4 is connected to the ring channels 8, which are connected to each other by means of the water discharge structures 9 with the closures 10-12. Ring channels 8 are made as fenced side walls, made of material in the form of planed boards 13 with slots between them on the one side, and on the other side (the outer side), annular water-retaining dams 14 are made. The dams 14 are poured from the local soil of the peatbog and they serve as a road for moving light motor vehicles on it. Conductive ring channels 8 are made inclined, allowing water to be transferred in a circular manner to fill the encroached area with water. The conducting ring channels 8 are laid with a distance increasing from the center of the cutover peat to the periphery.EFFECT: design will improve the efficiency of local runoff for encroachment of the whole massif, to resume the marshes to their initial approach, the peat deposit with aquatic vegetation, reduce the energy costs for encroachment the cutover peats and improve the ecological situation, and has the ability to manage the differentiated flooding of each section of the cutover peat.3 cl, 1 dwg

Heat exchanger of self-contained breathing apparatus // 2640273
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to respiratory protection devices, in particular to constituent parts of self-contained self-rescuers with chemically bonded oxygen which are used for emergency short-term respiratory protection in emergency situations connected with the formation of environment unsuitable for breathing. The heat exchanger of the self-contained breathing apparatus comprising a housing with an inlet and an outlet nozzles for attaching to the unit of respiratory apparatus isolation and regenerative canister of the breathing apparatus, a gas-permeable heat-capacious material located in the cavity of the housing between the mentioned nozzles in which the gas-permeable heat-capacious material is made in the form of a cassette containing a central tube and fibrous substrate with a coolant applied on one or both sides, wherein the coolant is a mixture of solid high-molecular hydrocarbons of limit nature, modified by nanomaterial. The substrate can be wound on the central tube, provided with an expiratory valve, in a spiral and a nodeless net can be placed between the layers of the substrate, or it is can made in the form of corrugated ribbon, which corrugations are parallel to the generatrix. External corrugations are fixed on an additional shell, and the internal corrugations are attached to the central tube.EFFECT: increased efficiency of cooling the respiratory gas mixture by reducing the mass-dimensional characteristics and reducing the breathing resistance.8 cl, 12 dwg
Sprayer with active reducer // 2640230
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: sprayer contains a hollow cylindrical body with a vortex baffle, a hollow cylindrical hull, top of which is made for connection to external thread connection distribution pipeline for supply of fluid. In the lower part of the body, an external thread is made for connection to the vortex flow divider. In the body there is an inner cylindrical chamber which serves to supply liquid, and in the cylindrical chamber, coaxial to it, a swirler is installed with a clearance relative to the inner side surface of the chamber. The vortex flow dissector is fixed to the body by means of a ring having an internal thread and made in the form of a ring to which are attached two diametrically arranged vertical plates joined in the lower part by a horizontally disposed rod in the middle of which there is a second swirler made in the form of a disk with helical blades encompassing with a clearance rod in its middle part, and having at the edges of the stops in the form of disks, located perpendicular to the rod. In the cylindrical chamber, coaxial with it, a hollow conical swirler is installed with a clearance with respect to the inner lateral surface of the chamber, made in the form of a conical surface with a screw through-cut, while the apex of the conical surface of the hollow conical swirler is fixed on the end surface of the rod.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the efficiency of finely dispersed liquid spraying.1 dwg
ethod of extinguishment of local peat fire combustion sources // 2640178
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in the method for extinguishing local underground combustion sources of peat fires, including the determination of the boundary of active local underground combustion source of peat fire in the form of an underground chamber, drilling of inclined wells in the direction of the said chamber, supplying pressurized water to the combustion zone of the underground chamber of the peat layer, mounting alternately in each of them a downhole hydraulic monitor with a nozzle in the front part, eroding the peat layer from the said nozzle by water by rotating the downhole hydraulic monitor by rotational mechanism, and mechanically mixing burning and non-burning peat layers to complete extinguishing of the combustion source of peat fire.EFFECT: method of extinguishing local underground combustion sources of peat fires is easy to operate and can be used to extinguish local peat fires with any depth of peat in conditions of limited use of heavy equipment, equipment and the risk of people staying.2 dwg

Drain // 2640175
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: drain which has a drain housing with a connection, to which a sewage pipeline, a siphon which has a siphon branch pipe, which has an upper end with an inlet and a lower outlet which enters an open-top siphon glass designed to form a siphon tank, and a means of fire protection to block the siphon in case of fire using intumescent material, are connected. According to the invention, there is a plug in the siphon glass and an intumescent material is provided between the plug and the siphon glass in such a way that in case of fire, the plug by means of an expanding intumescent material is pressed against the outlet of the siphon branch pipe, sealing the outlet, wherein the plug is made preferably in the form of a platy piston and is placed in a correspondingly made cylindrical glass of the siphon.EFFECT: simplified design.8 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of operational explosive fire fighting // 2640153
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: containers are produced from fragile material, damaging with the explosion of bombs, containers are filled with extinguishing medium or water, an aerial bomb is produced with thermal fuse-detonator, made with the possibility to explode aerial bombs from heat exposure when entering a zone of firefighting object, the aerial bomb is filled with explosive medium, capable at detonation to destroy containers dropped on firefighting object simultaneously with aerial bomb, so to creates a shockwave, able to knock down the flames at the firefighting object and sprinkle extinguishing medium or water on the fiery elements of fire, an aerial bomb and containers are placed at bomb-carrier aircraft, if necessary, bomb-carrier aircraft is sent in the area covered by the fire, similar to the exact bombardment of aerial bombs simultaneously an aerial bomb and containers with extinguishing medium or water are dropped in the area, where fire rages, for which the moment of simultaneously drop of aerials bombs and containers is defined using the exact bombardment system of bomb-carrier aircraft, thermal fuse-detonator is exploded under the influence of temperature of fire seat before the drop of aerial bomb and containers, which detonates explosive medium in aerial bomb, the explosion which destroys the containers, wherein fire flames are beat out and the extinguishing agent or water is intensely sprayed, settling on hot elements of burning object throughout the entire volume of the area of burning object, so the heat abstraction is carried out, and, therefore, its firefighting.EFFECT: increase the efficiency of firefighting.1 cl
ethod of fire extinguishing in premises // 2639098
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: method of fire extinguishing in the premises includes a cross-feeding water curtains to the body of fire with the formation of local closed zones of the treated area of body of fire. At the same time, local closed zones are formed using n spray devices located at a distance l from each other at the top of premise, so that any three adjacent devices are located at the vertices of an equilateral triangle. The distance l between the spray devices is determined from the expression: l=7⋅(htg⋅(α/2))/4, where h is the height of installation of spray devices; α - the angle of spray cone opening. The sprayed jet of each spray device is provided with a dispersion, which is variable in the jet cross-section, in which, at the periphery of spray cone, drops with radii from 0.3 mm to 0.6 mm are located, and inside the spray cone there are drops with radii from 0.005 mm to 0.17 mm.EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of fire extinguishing means.1 dwg,1 tbl

ethod of extinguishing local surface and underground peat fires and device for its implementation (versions) // 2639074
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in the method of extinguishing local surface and underground peat fires after the exploration the boundaries of active local combustion source of surface or underground peat fire is defined, a capacity in the form of water-filled dam is created along its border on the surface of peat layer, volume is fill, formed a limited perimeter of the dam and the surface peat layer, with water by bambi bucket carried by a helicopter or water pump through the hose line, and between the dam base and the peat layer surface nonflammable barrier is created. Extinguishing of possible combustion sources of peat fire is produced by gradual draining of water from the shell of the water-filled dam to the said volume, and when water is supplied, wetting agents are added to it. The essence of the claimed device (version according to claim 3) is that in the device for extinguishing local surface and underground peat fires, the walls of capacity are made in the form of a water-filled dam formed of a closed flexible shell, and the non-flammable barrier is made in the form of a lining mounted on said shell in the place of its contact with the surface of a peat layer, made of non-flammable fabric, for example, based on a completely amorphous silica fiber and fixed, for example, with an adhesive around the perimeter of flexible shell of water-filled dam. The essence of the claimed device (version according to claim 4) is that in the device for extinguishing local surface and underground peat fires, the walls of capacity are made in the form of a water-filled dam formed of a closed flexible shell, and the non-flammable barrier is made in the form of a lining made of non-flammable fabric, for example, on the basis of a completely amorphous silica fiber, spread out along the perimeter of the flexible shell of the water-filled dam in place of its contact with the surface of the peat layer.EFFECT: increasing the effectiveness of fighting peat fires and reducing material costs in extinguishing large peat fires.6 cl, 7 dwg

Filtering face respiratory mask with groove in nose area // 2639071
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: filtering face respirator mask contains an attachment system and a mask basis containing the upper part and the lower part, separated by a dividing line, extending in the transverse direction through the central part of the mask basis, a filtering structural element, an upper segment of the internal perimeter of the upper part formed by a filtering structural element fold, a lower segment of the inner perimeter in the lower part, formed by a filtering structural element fold and a nasal groove in the upper segment of the inner perimeter of the above upper part of the mask basis extending from the edge of the upper segment of the inner perimeter and representing a space that does not contain material.EFFECT: better convenience.15 cl, 20 dwg
Nasal filter // 2639058
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: nasal filter (1) with a carcass (2) with right and left carcass sites (2a, 2b) having a size for placement inside the left and right nostril, respectively, and optionally connected via a U-shaped bridge (4) is described. Each carcass site (2a, 2b) comprises a front support section (6a) near the front of the nose and a rear support section (6b) near the back of the nose, the support sections support the filtering element (3). Elastic means (8', 9') connects the front support section (6a) to the rear support section (6b) to smoothly change the distance between the front support section (6a) and the rear support section (6b).EFFECT: increased efficiency.17 cl, 8 dwg

Injector for spraying liquids // 2639057
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in an injector for spraying liquids, comprising a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core, the body is provided with a channel to supply liquid and contains a coaxial bushing rigidly connected to the body, the bushing has a nozzle fixed in its lower part, made in the form of a cylindrical two-stage bushing, the upper cylindrical stage of which is connected by means of a threaded joint with a central cylindrical core having a through internal central hole, and installed with an annular gap relative to the internal surface of the cylindrical bushing, and the annular gap is connected with at least three radial channels made in two-stage bushing, which connect it with an annular cavity formed by inner surface of the bushing and outer surface of upper cylindrical stage. The annular cavity is connected to the channel of the body for supplying liquid. In the bottom part of the central cylindrical core the hollow conical swirler is fixed, the conical shell of which is fixed by means of at least three spokes, fixed at one end to a swirler conical shell, in its upper part, and at the other end - in the ring groove, formed on the inner surface of the central cylindrical core. The screw thread is cut on the outer surface of the hollow conical swirler.EFFECT: fine-dispersed liquid sprayer efficiency increase.2 cl, 1 dwg

Injector with additional atomizer // 2639056
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in an injector with an additional atomizer, comprising a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core, the body is provided with a channel to supply liquid and contains a coaxial bushing rigidly connected to the body, the bushing has a nozzle fixed in its lower part, made in the form of a cylindrical two-stage bushing, the upper cylindrical stage of which is connected by means of a threaded joint with a central cylindrical core having a through internal central hole, and installed with an annular gap relative to the internal surface of the cylindrical bushing, and the annular gap is connected with at least three radial channels made in two-stage bushing, which connect it with an annular cavity formed by inner surface of the bushing and outer surface of upper cylindrical stage. The annular cavity is connected to the channel of the body for supplying liquid. In the bottom part of the central cylindrical core the hollow conical swirler is fixed, the conical shell of which is fixed by means of at least three spokes, fixed at one end to a swirler conical shell, in its upper part, and at the other end - in the ring groove, formed on the inner surface of the central cylindrical core. The screw thread is cut on the outer surface of the hollow conical swirler.EFFECT: fine-dispersed liquid sprayer efficiency increase.3 cl, 1 dwg

Fire-warning aspiration device // 2639050
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: fire-warning aspiration device is used to control the protected object environment for the subject of fire hazard. The fire-warning aspiration device is made in the form of the casing with in-coming air inlet and the exhaust pipes, the fan and the sensors, installed inside the casing to control the fire-hazardous parameters with the control processor. According to the invention the in-coming pipe is connected to the vacuum compartment, at the outlet of which there is the centrifugal fan, the outlet of which is connected to the air discharge compartment, which is simultaneously connected in the maximum angular velocities area of the discharged air flow to the exhaust pipe, and in the minimum velocities area of the discharged air it is connected through the hole in the wall to the measurements compartment, in which the fire hazard parameters control sensors and control processor are installed, additionally the measurement compartment through the ejector is connected to the maximum angular velocities area of the air discharge compartment.EFFECT: reduction of maintenance time and extended fire-warning device service life.7 cl, 5 dwg

Respirator as filtering face mask, containing mask basis with fold // 2638629
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: respirator in the form of a filtering mask contains a mounting site and a mask basis containing a filtering structure and having the first side edge on the first side of the mask basis, the second opposite side edge on the second side of the mask basis and a perimeter. At that, the filtering structure on the side edges is folded in a three-layer fold and secured to itself at a location spaced from the perimeter to form a longitudinally extending fold. The mask basis also contains a non-fixed fold site between the bond location and the first side edge, and the mask basis contains the first and second side trims located on the first and second opposite sides. The first and second side trims are folded inwards to contact the filtering structure when the mask basis is in the application configuration. The longitudinally extending fold is made extending from the first side trim to the second side trim.EFFECT: fold prevents crushing of the cup-shaped form of the respirator.5 cl, 10 dwg
Automatic protecting device of safety systems in case of emergency // 2638238
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a system of sensors and an electric valve, in addition, there is a protected object, which is required to be transferred from normal operation mode to the emergency mode due to hazard of emergency situation development, and which is connected to an actuating device, which is triggered by signal from a control device made in the form of electric valve. The electric valve is connected to a system for probing a hazardous zone, including sensors configured to exceed the maximum permissible concentrations of chemically hazardous substances present in this zone, and a probe tuned to exceed the maximum permissible levels of radioactive substances, the signals from which are fed to a common microprocessor, which processes these signals and gives a control signal to turn on the electric valve. A chemical air-foam fire extinguisher placed on a platform equipped with rotation mechanisms around the axis of the fire extinguisher, and configured for its vertical movement, while the operation of these mechanisms is synchronized with an infrared sensor. The chemical foam generator of the air-foam fire extinguisher contains a hollow body consisting of a cylindrical part with an external thread for connection to the union of the distributing pipeline for liquid supply.EFFECT: increased efficiency of process equipment protection against emergencies by improved performance and reliability of system activation.2 cl, 3 dwg
Filter material and method for its production // 2637952
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: in order to produce the filter material, polyacrylonitrile nanofibres are electroformed in electric field of high voltage and simultaneous laying of the formed nanofibres onto nonwoven substrate in 1-10 layers, after which the obtained material is folded two or three times. The forming is carried out from polyacrylonitrile solution in a solvent at a concentration of 12-13% wt %, solution viscosity is 0.9-1.4 Pa⋅, temperature 30-35°C, relative humidity is 7-17%, electric field voltage is 65-70 kV, the distance between the forming and precipitation electrodes is 170-190 mm. The nanofibres have a diameter of 180-250 nm, the mass per unit area of the nanofibrous layer is 1-7 g/m2, the resistance to air flow at a linear velocity of 1 cm/s is 47-150 Pa.EFFECT: improved filtration efficiency, simplified production of the filter material.4 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex
Automatic mobile-positioned roboticized system of local fire-fighting // 2637745
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: automatic mobile-positioned robotic system for local firefighting, characterized by the fact that it consists of a stationary automatic fire alarm system to detect an ignition source containing a differential temperature sensitive cable; a network of pipelines with a fire extinguishing agent and installed stop valves, drainage devices for emptying the system and distributed feeder connectors; and a mobile portable robotic device comprising a vehicle configured to move along a transport line and equipped with two powder extinguishing modules; a foam/water monitor with remote control and a program control unit; a video surveillance system in the visible and infrared ranges; a mechanism of connection to the supply connectors for the supply of fire extinguishing substance to the monitor; pressure control system; servodrive for moving along the transport line and a power and control cabinet that is capable of receiving a signal from stationary automatic fire alarm system and in which control commands for starting the operation of the mobile portable robot device are formed.EFFECT: increase of operational characteristics, expansion of the arsenal of technical means.14 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of complex evaluating change of parameters of explosion-proof elements under emergency situation at explosive object // 2637641
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: monitoring system with the processing of the received information about the hazardous zone for making decisions on the prevention of emergency situations, a layout of the explosive object is set in the test box, and on its inner and outer perimeters there are video cameras for surveillance of the process of the emergency situation development during accident at the explosive object, which is modeled by setting the layout of the explosive shrapnel element with the initiator of the explosion. Video cameras are made in the explosion-proof design, and the outputs from the video cameras through the internal cavity of spacers are connected to a block through which the recording and registering of the process of the technological parameter changes in the layout are performed. Then the technological parameter changes in the layout of the explosive object are registered through the system of analyzers of the recorded waveforms of the processes, and in the ceiling of the layout an opening is made, which is closed with the explosion-proof element mounted on the free boarding on three elastic pins, one end of each of which is rigidly fixed in the ceiling of the layout, and a horizontal bar is fixed on the second one, between the explosive shrapnel element and the aperture a three-dimensional pressure sensor is set in the explosion-proof design, the output of which is connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment, and on both sides of the pressure sensor the temperature and humidity sensors are located, controlling the work mode in the layout, the outputs are also connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment, and the internal and external surfaces of the layout fencing are pasted with strain gauges, the outputs of which are also connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment. After processing the experimental data, the information database is formed on the emergency development at the accident on the explosive object and the mathematical model predicting the emergency prevention at the accident on the explosive object is made.EFFECT: increased protection efficiency of the technological equipment and human resources from the emergency by the possibility of the emergency situation prediction at the accident of the explosive object.3 dwg
ethod for predicting emergency situation development on explosive object // 2637640
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: monitoring system is used with the processing of the received information about the hazardous zone for making decisions on the prevention of emergency situations, a layout of the explosive object is set in the test box, and on its inner and outer perimeters there are video cameras for surveillance of the process of the emergency situation development during the accident at the explosive object, which is modelled by setting the layout of the explosive shrapnel element with the initiator of the explosion. Then the technological parameter changes in the layout of the explosive object are registered through the system of analyzers of the recorded waveforms of the processes, and in the ceiling of the layout an opening is made, which is closed with the explosion-proof element mounted on the free boarding on three elastic pins, one end of each of which is rigidly fixed in the ceiling of the layout, and a horizontal bar is fixed on the second one, between the explosive shrapnel element and the aperture a three-dimensional pressure sensor is set in the explosion-proof design, the output of which is connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment, and on both sides of the pressure sensor the temperature and humidity sensors are located, controlling the operation mode in the layout, the outputs are also connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment, and the internal and external surfaces of the layout fencing are pasted with strain gauges, the outputs of which are also connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment.EFFECT: increased protection efficiency of the technological equipment and human resources from the emergency by the possibility of the emergency situation prediction at the accident of the explosive object.2 dwg
ethod for predicting emergency situation development on explosive object // 2637639
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: monitoring system is used with the processing of the received information about the hazardous zone for making decisions on the prevention of emergency situations, a layout of the explosive object is set in the test box, and on its inner and outer perimeters there are video cameras for surveillance of the process of the emergency situation development during the accident at the explosive object, which is modelled by setting the layout of the explosive shrapnel element with the initiator of the explosion. Video cameras are made in the explosion-proof design, and the outputs from the video cameras through the internal cavity of spacers are connected to a block through which the recording and registering of the process of the technological parameter changes in the layout are performed. Then the technological parameter changes in the layout of the explosive object are registered through the system of analyzers of the recorded waveforms of the processes, and in the ceiling of the layout an opening is made, which is closed with the explosion-proof element mounted on the free boarding on three elastic pins, one end of each of which is rigidly fixed in the ceiling of the layout, and a horizontal bar is fixed on the second one, between the explosive shrapnel element and the aperture a three-dimensional pressure sensor is set in the explosion-proof design, the output of which is connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment, and on both sides of the pressure sensor the temperature and humidity sensors are located, controlling the operation mode in the layout, the outputs are also connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment, and the internal and external surfaces of the layout fencing are pasted with strain gauges, the outputs of which are also connected to the input of the recording and registering equipment.EFFECT: increased protection efficiency of the technological equipment and human resources from the emergency by the possibility of the emergency situation prediction at the accident of the explosive object.3 dwg

Centrifugal nozzle // 2637355
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: centrifugal nozzle comprising a body, an insert with tangential channels, a swirl chamber connected to tangential channels, a nut, a nozzle, according to the invention is provided with a screw having stepped cylindrical and conical parts, an axial channel is made in the cylindrical part, and channels made in the conical part are positioned at an angle to axis of symmetry of the nozzle and connected with axial channel, filter having longitudinal section of U-shaped form installed on end surface of the screw and pressed to it by the nut in which an axial hole is made for a key, and the insert is made in form of cylindrical bushing installed for thrusting by one end into step of conical part of screw, and the second end into the bottom of the cylindrical chamber made in the body, forming side surface of the latter and with its outer cylindrical surface an annular chamber connected to tangential channels.EFFECT: extension of fleet of technical means for liquid spraying.4 cl, 1 dwg

Rescue capsule // 2637084
FIELD: rescue work.SUBSTANCE: rescue capsule is sealed with protective layers, which prevent the danger of mechanical damage, chemical, thermal and radioactive effects, and also provides a reserve of water, air, food and communication. Inside the capsule there are armchairs with seat belts. The capsule is made in the form of a cylinder with hemispherical ends and consists of a body and a rotatable lid. In the cylindrical part of the body and the lid, there are annular baffles, which ensure the rigidity of the structure and divide its internal space into sections. An armchair of a swinging type with fixation in the given position, in front of each seat on the capsule cover, a mobile window with protective armored and heat-resistant glass is constructed, which is fixed to the window frame by means of a detachable connection, for example, a threaded one. In the lower part of the body there are detachable rollers with adjustable height of their installation, and rings are installed along the ends of the case and at the top of the cover. Inside the body there is a rotary level for determining the horizontalness of the capsule in two mutually perpendicular planes. In one end compartment of the capsule there is a toilet room with a water compartment, and in the opposite end compartment there is a cylinder with compressed air, water, a set of products and an energy module.EFFECT: protection and rescue of people in high-rise buildings and structures in the event of emergencies.6 cl, 6 dwg

Device for quenching and prevention of flammable fluids fluid // 2636925
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used to prevent fires of flammable and easily ignitable liquids, as well as quenching in emergency straits and allows to increase the quenching efficiency. The design of the device is a container with tubes placed in it throughout the section. Each tube has a narrowing.EFFECT: increase the effectiveness of quenching.2 ex, 4 tbl, 2 dwg
Pneumatic injector with two-phase flow of spray liquid // 2636914
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: pneumatic injector for spraying liquids contains a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core. The body is made with fluid feed channel and includes the rigidly coupled therewith sleeve with nozzle fixed in its lower part. The nozzle is designed in the form of cylindrical two-step sleeve, whose upper cylindrical step is connected by means of the thread joint with the central core, having central hole and installed with annular gap relatively to the internal surface of the cylindrical sleeve. The annular gap is communicated with three radial channels made in two-step sleeve, communicating it with circular cavity formed by sleeve inner surface and outer surface of upper cylindrical step. The circular cavity is connected with body channel for liquid supply. To the central core, in its lower part, a diffuser is rigidly attached, made in the form of a truncated cone. The sprayer is attached by its top base to the base of the cylinder of the central core, and impeller is attached to the lower base of the truncated cone of sprayer by spokes, which is made in the shape of an end round plate whose edges are bend toward the annular gap and on the outside side surface of truncated cone there are spiral grooves. Throat hole is made in the impeller. An external solid diffuser is attached to the central core in such a way that the output section of the annular gap is not blocked.EFFECT: fine-dispersed liquid sprayer efficiency increase.1 dwg
Pneumatic injector // 2636889
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: in pneumatic injector for spraying liquids, containing a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core, the body is made with fluid feed channel and includes the axial, rigidly coupled therewith sleeve with nozzle fixed in its lower part, made in the form of two-step cylindrical sleeve, whose top cylindrical step is connected by means of the thread joint with the coaxial with it central core having central hole and installed with annular gap relatively to the internal surface of the cylindrical sleeve, wherein annular gap is connected with at least three radial channels made in the two-step sleeve connecting it's with the ring cavity created by the internal surface of the sleeved and external surface of the top cylindrical step, wherein that ring cavity is connected with the casing channel for liquid supply, the sprayer is rigidly fixed to the central core in its bottom part, made as truncated cone coaxial to the central hole of the core, and fixed by its top base to the base of the central core cylinder, and the sprayer is fixed to the bottom base of truncated cone by means of at least three spikes, which is made in form of the end round plate, whose edges are bent towards the annular gap, and on the external side surface of the truncated cone there are helical grooves.EFFECT: fine-dispersed liquid sprayer efficiency increase.1 dwg
 
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