Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body and supporting or fastening means therefor and tampon applicators (A61F13/15)

A   Human necessities(312083)
A61F13/15                     Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body (non-absorbent catamenial receptacles a61f0005440000); supporting or fastening means therefor; tampon applicators(599)

Absorbing product containing finger protrusions and methods of its manufacture // 2642042
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing the absorbing product includes feeding the first sheet of the material in the processing direction, feeding the second sheet of the material in the processing direction. The second sheet is separated by a gap from the first sheet, attaching the absorbing node to the first sheet and the second sheet so that the absorbing node fills the gap between the first and second sheets, forming a partial cut line in the second sheet, folding the front side of the first sheet to the front side of the second sheet after the formation of the partial cut line, and cutting the first and the second sheets after folding the front side of the first sheet to the front side of the second sheet for separating the absorbing product from the first and the second sheets. The partial cut line defines at least one finger protrusion on the absorbing product.EFFECT: increased convenience.49 cl, 10 dwg
Absorbing product, containing nonwoven fabric, produced from porous polyolefin fibres // 2641861
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: provided polyolefin fibres, formed from the thermoplastic composition, containing the continuous phase, that includes the polyolefin matrix polymer and the nanoinclusion additive. The nanoinclusion additive is dispersed in the continuous phase in the form of discrete nanoscale phase domains.EFFECT: during stretching the nanoscale phase domains are able to interact with the matrix in the unique way with the creation of the nanopore network.42 cl, 15 dwg

Deformed thin-sheet materials // 2641491
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: materials from webs have discrete deformation elements formed in them. The deformation elements can be elements in the form of web sections with openings, projections, depressed areas and their combinations, arranged thereon. Said elements can be extended from the material surface on one its side or from both web surfaces.EFFECT: different elements can be arranged in the mixed order with respect to each other.17 cl, 43 dwg

Absorbent structural elements and cores with effective immobilization of absorbent material // 2640983
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: absorbent structural element (70) comprises a flat base (16), an auxiliary clay (72) applied directly onto the base (16) at the area (71) of auxiliary clay applying, an absorbent material comprising super-absorbent particles in an amount from 80 wt % to 100 wt % applied on the base at the area (73) of absorbent material applying containing a combination of protruding sections (75) of the absorbent material with mouth-like sections (76) separating them from each other, which do not contain the absorbent material, wherein this area of absorbent material applying can be conditionally divided into eight applying zones (Z1-Z8) of the same length along the longitudinal direction. A layer (74) fibre thermoplastic adhesive covers at least some of the protruding sections and at least some of the mouth-like section which do not contain an absorbent material in order to ensure the immobilization of at least some of the absorbent material on the base. The absorbent material is distributed along the longitudinal direction of the structural element in such a way that at least one of the eight applying zones represents a zone (Z1, Z2, Z7, Z8) with less content of absorbent material. At least in one of these zones (Z1, Z2, Z7, Z8) with less content of absorbent material the auxiliary clay (71) is absent or is present in an amount at least by 50 wt % less than the average amount of auxiliary clay. The absorbent structural element may be provided in the absorbent core for absorbent products, such as diapers.EFFECT: increased absorbency.19 cl, 13 dwg, 3 tbl

ethod for forming absorbing structure // 2640182
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: liquid absorbing structure is obtained by dry laying of fibre fabric comprising a superabsorbent material and applying an aqueous composite stabiliser to at least one surface of the fabric. Aqueous composite stabiliser attaches integrity to the obtained structure without a significant reduction in the efficiency of liquid absorption by the superabsorbent material with formation of absorbing structure without removing water from water composite stabiliser or drying absorbing structure. The absorbent composite absorbs water from the aqueous composite stabiliser. The absorbent composite contains about 70 wt % of the superabsorbent material.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the flexibility of the absorbent substrate even when manufactured from a rigid material.13 cl, 8 dwg

Pulled absorbing product // 2639969
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: pulled absorbing product (1) comprises a front sheet element, a back-sheet element, and an absorbing node, and in each of the two side parts of the absorbing node includes the first leakage protecting cuff (34) having a free end positioned inside from the side edge of the absorbing element (33), and the second leakage protecting cuff (37), which runs outside from the side edge of the absorbing element (33). The upper sheet (31) and the first leakage protecting cuff (34) in each case include turned-back parts (31c), which are folded back in the direction not facing the skin side of the surface facing the skin side of the surface of the absorbing element (33). The sheet material (35), which forms the first leakage protecting cuff (34), includes an upper locking part (35u) attached to the upper sheet (31), and a lower locking part (35d) attached to the lower sheet in the provisions inside from the side edge on the surface of the absorbing element (33) not facing the skin side. The length L1, the length L2, the distance L3, and the distance L4 satisfy the following expressions: (1) L1≤L2; (2) L2≤L1+L3; and (3) L3≤L4.EFFECT: increased leakage protection.38 cl, 5 dwg

Trunks-shaped disposable diaper // 2639962
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: elastic elements (51a, 51b) are disposed in the front portion (F) and the rear portion (R) by attachment thereto in the stretched state by means of an adhesive. The end part (52a, 52b) of the elastic element (51a, 51b) and the part near the end part are painted so that they have a colour different from the background colour of the front (F) or rear (R) portion. The end part (52a, 52b) of each elastic element (51a, 51b) does not reach the side seam position (4) and, thus, a region (9a, 9b) not containing elastic elements is formed between the side seam (4) and the end part (52a, 52b) of each elastic element (51a, 51b). In the region (9a, 9b) not containing elastic elements, no adhesive is provided to join the elastic elements (51a, 51b).EFFECT: increased wearing convenience.29 cl, 12 dwg

Product with elastic inclusion, system and method for its production // 2639631
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: method for production of an elastic absorbent product with a waist opening and two leg openings is described. First, multiple insertions of the elastic component are applied to the moved material web to obtain a flexible elastic composite mesh. Then, the core region and the second layer of material are periodically applied to the moved mesh to form a finished mesh of isolated elastic composite zones. At subsequent stages, isolated areas of absorbent pants are formed from the finished mesh.EFFECT: creation of an absorbent product while maintaining the elastic properties of the elastic web, with a suitable fit to the body and appearance.40 cl, 29 dwg

Thermoplastic product with thermoactive agent // 2638397
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: extruded water-soluble product comprises a water-soluble polymer having extrusion temperature of 90-150°C, a plasticiser, as well as one or more thermoactive agents which can either stimulate the sensory human receptors or change the temperature of the skin when exposed to it, in the total amount from 0.1 to 50% by product weight. Combination of the active agent(s) with the plasticiser before melt-blending with the water-soluble polymer prevents the phase separation of the active agent and the polymer. Products include films, fibres, rods, bars, etc. Such products can be placed in an absorbent product such as a bandage, a medical sheet, a napkin, a sheet, a diaper, panties or a pad.EFFECT: improvement of product properties.19 cl, 3 dwg

Sanitary napkin // 2636022
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: sanitary napkin (3) is provided comprising the main part (4) with an absorbent main part (43) and a flow guide part (5) comprising two flow guiding elements (51) with lower ends attached to the upper surface of the absorbent part (43) and a pull-out member (52) connected to the upper ends of the flow guiding members (51). Each flow guiding member (51) comprises several flow guiding sections (511) that are folded and connected to each other and several outer connecting sections (513), each formed between the outer ends of two adjacent flow guiding sections (511). The pull-out member (51) is pulled to move the flow guiding sections (511) relative to the absorbent mart (43) from the folded position, in which the flow guiding sections (511) are stacked one above the other, to an elongated position in which the outer connecting sections (513) of the flow guiding members (51) are spaced apart from each other.EFFECT: improved reliability.14 cl, 18 dwg

Sanitary napkin // 2636016
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: sanitary napkin (2) is proposed comprising: a substrate (3) with a base layer (31) and an absorbent part (32) protruding above the base layer (31) defining the longitudinal direction (X) and the transverse direction (Y) perpendicular to the longitudinal direction (X); and at least one absorbent member (4) comprising a plurality of connecting portions (41) connected to the absorbent part (32) of the substrate (3) and spaced from each other in the longitudinal direction (X), an absorbent portion (42), extending along the longitudinal direction (X) and connected to the connecting portions (41). In the absorbent portion (42), several elements (45) of fluffy wool are located. The absorbent part (32) of the substrate (3), the connecting portions (41) and the absorbent portion (42) together form several air channels (44), each extending along the transverse direction (Y).EFFECT: improved reliability.6 cl, 12 dwg

Devices for transport of separate details // 2635937
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: transport unit is designed to transport separate details from or to a moving carrier. The transport unit comprises a frame having an axis of rotation. The frame comprises a guide rail having an annular shape and an surrounding axis of rotation. The transport unit comprises transport elements in free engagement with the guide rail. Each of them has a transport surface. The transport unit comprises a wheel connected to the frame and is made with the possibility of rotation around the axis of rotation. The wheel is connected to the transport element. As the wheel rotates about the axis of rotation, the mentioned transport elements move along the annular trajectory along the path about the axis of rotation in accordance with the guide rail. The shape of the guide rail allows the transport surfaces to move radially with respect to the axis of rotation while simultaneously providing a substantially a constant distance between the transport surfaces and the moving carrier in the transmission zone of the separate detail.EFFECT: transport of separate details at high speeds is ensured, while at the same time providing better control over a separate detail.20 cl, 43 dwg

Sanitary napkin // 2635198
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: sanitary napkin contains a base and an elevated flow direction element. The base contains an absorbent layer. The elevated flow direction element comprises an arcuate flow direction layer, a front sheet, a back sheet and a plurality of apertures. Each of the two lateral sides of the flow direction layer, respectively, is interconnected at intervals with the base. The maximum distance between the front edge of the flow direction layer and the base is less than the maximum distance between the back edge of the flow direction layer and the base. Each of the plurality of the flow direction element apertures is formed on an upper part of the flow direction layer. The front sheet extends from the front edge of the flow direction layer and the front edge of the front sheet is connected to the base. The back sheet extends from the back edge of the flow direction layer. The flow direction element with elevated structure can be inserted into the user's small genital lips and glued to them, as well as to the user's large genital lips.EFFECT: elevated flow direction element improves the adhesive effect, quickly absorbs menstrual blood, directs it and prevents its outflow.7 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for producing composite sheet // 2635153
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: method for producing a composite nonwoven sheet comprises: a stage of creating protrusions and depressions consisting in feeding the first sheet-shaped element to the engagement section between the first shaft and the second shaft and thus creating protrusions and depressions in the first sheet-shaped element; an intermediate stage of producing a semi-finished composite sheet by applying the second sheet-shaped element to the first sheet-shaped element and attaching the second sheet-shaped element to the portions of the first sheet-shaped element which correspond to the protrusions on the first shaft and thus forming a plurality of the first connected portions; and a coupling stage consisting in the use of the third shaft, the peripheral surface of which has protrusions and depressions, the shape of which is different from the shape of the protrusions and depressions of the first shaft, and forming the second connected portion on the semi-finished composite sheet. The second connected portion is formed in accordance with a model in which one first connected portion is connected to another first connected portion adjacent to it.EFFECT: creation of composite sheets for absorbent products which have strength and excellent appearance.18 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of transportation of separate items // 2633822
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: transport assembly comprises a frame having an axis of rotation and a guide rail and a transport element comprising a conveying surface configured to receive one of the individual parts. The method includes rotating the conveying member around an axis of rotation and holding the conveying surface at a substantially constant minimum distance from the moving carrier in the transfer zone of the individual part.EFFECT: transporting individual parts at high speeds while simultaneously providing improved handling of a single piece at all points during transport.18 cl, 43 dwg

Disposable diapers used as underpants // 2632379
FIELD: items for personal use.SUBSTANCE: in disposable diaper (1A) in accordance with present invention, the top sheet (2) is positioned in a way that it covers the side of skin facing surface of the absorbent element (4), both side edges (4e) and the side of non-skinned surface of both side portions (4s), and the leakproof cuffs (6, 6) in the front and rear parts are arranged in a way that they extend from the side of non-skinned surface of the absorbent area (5) to the side of skin facing surface, and the leakproof cuffs are formed in a way that they are upright in the perineal part (C) when worn. The absorbent area (5) has fixed parts (67) which leakproof cuffs (6) are attached to, the fixed parts being located in the zones remote inward from the side edges (4e) of the absorbent element (4). The top sheet (2) includes an uneven zone (2a) that is located in a part covering the side of skin facing surface of the absorbent element and in which the protrusions are distributed in a dispersed manner and portions of the top sheet that cover the side of the unshaped surface of both side parts of the absorbent element (4) are flat zones (2b) having no inequality in which no depressions or protrusions are formed, the absorbent element includes the central zone (42) and side portions (4S) that are disposed on both sides of the central zone and are thinner than the central zone, and has a difference in height on the side converted to the skin surface of the absorbent element at the boundaries between the central zone and side portions, and uneven zone covers the area having uneven height difference of the absorbent element.EFFECT: increased convenience and reliability.19 cl, 36 dwg, 1 tbl

icroparticles, characterized by multimodal pore distribution // 2630135
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a microparticle comprising a polymeric material, wherein the polymeric material consists of a thermoplastic composition comprising a continuous phase that includes a matrix polymer, and wherein the polymeric microinclusion additive and the nanoactive addition polymer are dispersed in a continuous phase in the form of discrete domains, wherein the material further comprises a porous network that contains a variety of nanopores and micropores. Also methods for disease treatment, control and prevention are described, comprising administration of a microparticle containing an active agent and an absorbent article containing a microparticle. The porous structure of the microparticle can be formed without the need for complex techniques and chemical compositions of solvents conventionally used to form porous microparticles.EFFECT: microparticles are characterized by multimodal pore size distribution, which can provide a number of different advantages depending on specific application.24 cl, 10 dwg, 2 tbl, 6 ex

ethod for making fibrous absorbing material // 2628989
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing the absorbent material comprises the following steps: providing a fibrous material comprising a plurality of individual fibers forming a fibrous matrix; wherein each of the plurality of absorbent fibers has a fiber diameter in the range from about 10 to 40 mcm; laying a plurality of absorbent fibers on the top surface of the fibrous material. Each of the plurality of individual fibers has a fiber diameter of at least 1 mcm greater than the diameter of each of the absorbent fibers; and introduction of a plurality of absorbent fibers into the fibrous matrix by a needle-punning method. The needle-punning method is carried out by means of a plurality of separate needles configured to insert absorbent fibers into the fibrous matrix. Each of the plurality of needles includes a hook having a hook depth. The said hook depth is selected such that the radius of each of the absorbent fibers is at least 0.5 microns smaller than the hook depth. The radius of each of the individual fibers forming the fibrous matrix was at least 0.5 microns greater than the depth of the hook.EFFECT: providing a sparse elastic non-woven material that provides excellent liquid-holding properties.2 cl, 12 dwg

Absorbent product with multiple channels elongsted in longitudinal direction // 2628895
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: absorbent product comprising the first end portion, the second end portion and an intermediate portion, multiple channels located at both the first and the second end portions, at least one channel located in the intermediate portion and elongated in the longitudinal direction, at least one channel connected to the plurality of channels at the first end portion and the plurality of channels at the second end portion at each end thereof.EFFECT: device functional reliability increase.12 cl, 15 dwg

Product including visual signal for transmission of depth perception // 2627009
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates generally to absorbent articles comprising a plurality of unpainted parts and a plurality of coloured parts having a single colour, a plurality of unpainted parts and coloured parts.EFFECT: creating a sense of depth for the user looking at the top surface of the absorbent article.14 cl, 4 tbl, 2 dwg

Uniform absorbing structures containing absorbent core and/or absorption layer and distribution for absorbing articles // 2625434
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a single absorbent structure and a production method thereof, wherein the said single absorbent structure comprises an absorbent core (5) and/or an absorption and distribution layer (2) (3) and at least one layer of non-woven fibrous substrate (23) having a volume suitable for penetrating the superabsorbent particles. Superabsorbent particles are distributed in substrate layer (23) in accordance with their size distribution gradient by means of a vacuum (8') and vibration in the direction of depth or z-direction of the said absorbent core (5) and/or absorption layers (2) and distribution (3), the smaller particles are located on the side of the absorbent articles facing the body, and the larger particles are located on the opposite side of the absorbing products.EFFECT: product improvement.23 cl, 27 dwg

Three-dimensional sheet // 2624300
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: sheet includes the first nonwoven web and the second nonwoven web, each of them is the nonwoven web in which the mesh made from the long fibers and it is bonded by thermally connected sections by fusion. Each of the long fibers is the monocomponent fiber, made in the process of uniform spinning of melted thermoplastic polymer. The sections connected by fusion forming the sheet, forms by partial connection by fusion of the first nonwoven web and the second nonwoven web, and each section connected by fusion forming the sheet has on the inner side of its contour the through hole in which the outer peripheral edge has the shape similar to the shape of the contour. The first nonwoven web and the second nonwoven web are connected in the section between the contour of sections connected by fusion forming the sheet and the outer peripheral edge of the through hole.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the liquid residue in the absorbent product and reduce its rewetting.26 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl, 3 ex

Alloyed sheets production method // 2624293
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: method of production alloyed sheet product includes fusing of one surface of the stock (10) of strip-shaped sheets (for example, a continuous diaper), where (in which) many sheets are stacked in the foot in contact with supporting element (21), which has parts (27) for the light passage, through which a laser beam (30) can pass. The irradiation of laser beam (30) is carried out with a wavelength that is absorbed by sheets forming sheet stock (10), and causes heat generation by sheets of squeezed stock (10) of strip-shaped sheets through parts (27) for light passage from support element (21). Stock (10) of strip-shaped sheets is divided into parts with simultaneous alloying of cut edges of squeezed plurality of sheets formed by splitting to form a tightly bonded edge (4) (side seam). The edges of the sheets plurality are alloyed in a state where the sheets are stacked on top of each other in the stock and their cut edges are squeezed. Using the method of the invention, a bound sheet product, such as absorbing product. The device for producing alloyed sheet product contains basic components for implementing the operations of the invention method.EFFECT: necessary quality and integrity are provided in alloying sheet edge portions and production absorbing products, which in contact with the user's skin provide a soft texture.15 cl, 26 dwg, 1 tbl

Absorbent product // 2623970
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: in this absorbent product (10), standing assemblies are formed by placing sheets (162), which form standing assemblies. In the front and rear zones, which are end in the length direction, each sheet (162) forming the standing assemblies has two connecting parts (162A, 162B) of the front and rear end zones; parts are formed by connecting the respective front and rear end zones to the sheet located at the side of the surface, which contacts with skin. The absorbent core (22) includes a low rigidity zone and a high rigidity zone. In the connecting parts (162A, 162B) of the end zones, at least an end zone, which is located closer to the crotch portion (C), is disposed on the high rigidity zone of the absorbent core (22). The zone of low rigidity is formed by the block zone, and the zone of high rigidity is formed by a non-block zone. The block zone has a block structure formed by a plurality of high base weight parts that have a relatively high basis weight and low basis weight parts that have a relatively low basis weight. The entire periphery of each part with a high base weight is surrounded by parts of low base weight, and parts with a high basis weight are separate and independent of each other.EFFECT: improvement of product properties.33 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of moving discrete components to curtain // 2622828
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method comprises the following stages: providing a moving system containing translation element, which comprises a translation surface; bringing a discrete component into interlocking with translation surface; providing an elastic element on the bearing element or on the translation surface; application of discrete component part to the curtain part using translation surface, when the curtain part is moving along the elastic element part; and applying a force to the discrete component part, the curtain part and the elastic element part during the first stage of the application for fixing the discrete component part to the curtain part.EFFECT: improved accuracy of movement.9 cl, 75 dwg
Anti-adhesive composition containing quaternary ammonium compound and fatty alcohol // 2621632
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: composition having anti-adhesive properties is described, comprising a carrier, of 0.1 wt % to 10.0 wt % of quaternary ammonium compound, and of 0.5 wt % to 10.0 wt % of a fatty alcohol. The anti-adhesive composition may be applied to the target surface with a damp cloth or towel.EFFECT: anti-adhesive composition acts to prevent sticking menses or fecal matter to the skin in the labia majora area and the perianal area during menstruation and defecation, respectively.16 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

Elastic laminated material and method for manufacturing of elastic laminated material // 2620747
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention provides a elastic laminated material comprising a first non-woven layer, a second non-woven layer and many elastic yarns arranged parallel to each other between the said first and second non-woven layers, and a method of manufacturing of suchm a laminated material. The elastic laminated material includes elastic yarns (412; 4120), which are stretched and individually coated with adhesive. The first and the second non-woven layers are attached to the stretched elastic yarrns (412; 4120) forming corrugated elastic laminated material (1200), when the elastic yarns (412; 4120) are loose. At least one non-woven layer is attached to the yarns (412; 4120) at individual points of adhesive connection (4122) in a repeating predetermined pattern in the longitudinal direction of the yarns (412; 4120) forming a predetermined corrugation pattern, and the adhesive is substantially absent in the non-woven layers except for the points of adhesive connection (4122), where the layers are attached with the elastic yarns (412; 4120).EFFECT: improved material properties.14 cl, 18 dwg, 2 tbl

Fibers from renewable low density polyesters // 2620415
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: fibers are obtained from a thermoplastic composition which comprises hard renewable polyester, has a porous structure and a low density. To obtain such a structure, a renewable polyester is mixed with a polymer additive that increases the impact strength, so that the additive can be dispersed as discrete physical domains in a continuous matrix of renewable polyester. Then, fibers are formed which is subjected to tension or stretching at a temperature below the glass transition temperature of the polyester, i.e. subjected to cold drawing. The deformation force and stress at elongation during stretching leads to disruption of adhesion in the renewable polyester matrixin the areas adjacent to the discrete domains. As a result a mesh structure is obtained of pores located near the discrete domains, which by their proximity may form bridges between the pore boundaries, acting as internal structural "hinges" that promote stabilization of the mesh structure and increase its ability to dissipate energy.EFFECT: obtaining of fibers from renewable polyester with low density and good mechanical properties.20 cl, 2 dwg, 8 tbl, 11 ex

System for detecting and monitoring body excretions using gas releasing substance intended for interactive inurement to toilet // 2614589
FIELD: medical equipment.SUBSTANCE: system for detection and monitoring of body excretions is disclosed. It comprises absorbent product and first gas releasing substance able to release first gas at first contact of absorbent product with liquid impurities. Wherein system additionally comprises second gas releasing substance able to release second gas, when absorbent product is close to state of maximum saturation. Wherein system comprises at least one device associated with absorbent article comprising at least two gas sensitive compositions and capable of changing its appearance in first way, when contacting with first gas, and in second way, when contacting with second gas. Signalling device is also disclosed. It comprises at least one gas sensitive composition. Signalling device can be changed by contact with gas, released by substance located in absorbent product releasing gas as a result of contact of absorbent product with liquid impurities. Besides, it comprises contact-free gas sensor configured to monitor concentration levels of at least one gas, and controller configured to detect changes in area above limit concentration of at least one gas as a result of contact of absorbent product with liquid impurities and with possibility of continuous monitoring of location of absorbent product in dry condition. Wherein signalling device is able to notify user of absorbent article and/or caregiver on presence of liquid impurities in absorbent product, on degree of saturation of absorbent product and on duration of period, during which absorbent product was continuously in dry state.EFFECT: method of transmitting information to user of absorbent article and/or caregiver based on operation of signalling device is also disclosed.18 cl, 9 dwg

Coating composition sensitive to water medium for release of active ingredients and visual indication of moisture content // 2614530
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multi-touch coating composition sensitive to water medium, which can be applied in form of coating on various parts of absorbent article for further indication of humidity and capacity of product. Absorbent product comprises layer of upper sheet, layer of lower plate and one absorbent inner layer. Each of following layers: layer of upper sheet, absorbent inner layer and layer of lower sheet includes longitudinal lateral peripheral edge. Absorbent product also comprises coating composition sensitive to water medium for release of active ingredients of absorbent product. Coating composition sensitive to water medium is located on absorbent article near longitudinal side of peripheral edge. Coating composition includes betaine ester or betaine derivative ester, containing functional active group, obtained from flavoring substance containing hydroxyl group, and visual indicator based on chemical substance, changing color, wherein visual indicator chemical substance is selected from at least one of following substances: pH indicator dye and pH regulator, thermochromic dye and dye sensitive to type of polarity.EFFECT: such coating composition provides visual and based on odor change warning of contamination of product and/or threat of outflow of product; at the same time said coating provides masking of smell in case of water pollution of article with physiological fluids, for example, urine, vaginal discharge, menstrual blood, slime or intestinal secretions, or in alternative version, spilt domestic fluids containing liquid water.22 cl, 7 dwg

Environmentally safe absorbent structure // 2614088
FIELD: hygiene; technology of manufacturing.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to absorbent structure preferably for use in absorbent articles used in personal hygiene industry (for example, in female hygienic pads, baby pampers and shorts or strips for adults suffering from incontinence). Present invention also relates to absorbent product comprising such absorbent structure and to method of making said absorbent structure. Absorbent structure comprises bearing layer, auxiliary layer and absorbent material between them, wherein invariable primary ligaments and essentially temporal secondary ligaments link together bearing layer and auxiliary layer at least partially, wherein in fact temporal secondary ligaments are weakened by impact of liquid on absorbent structure, while invariable primary ligaments remain unchanged.EFFECT: present invention foresees need for improved flexible, thin, light absorbing structures for absorbent product, in which problems of absorption in existing level of equipment during absorption, distribution and storage of liquids are overcome.16 cl, 17 dwg
Elimination of smells of aldehydes in personal hygiene products // 2614001
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decrease and control of odor in personal hygiene products, in particular smells associated with aldehydes. Odor control layer for personal hygiene products contains applied onto it composition based on polyethylene glycol (PEG) or PEG copolymer. Wherein PEG or PEG copolymer is characterized by number of polymer units n less or equal to 20. This layer may be placed in article of personal hygiene, such as diaper, panties for toilet training, absorbent panties, product for adults, patients suffering urinary incontinence or hygienic product for women. Extra layers for odor control may include composition based on silver nanoparticles and activated carbon. Cleaning composition with PEG and possibly activated carbon and silver nanoparticles can be combined with article of personal hygiene product to form set.EFFECT: invention provides considerable reduction of odor of aldehydes in personal hygiene products.14 cl, 12 dwg, 5 tbl, 4 ex

Fluid sampling device and method of collecting samples // 2613323
FIELD: medical equipment.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to devices for collecting urine sample. Device for collecting urine sample comprises transparent sheet with two layers: layer for collecting urine sample, made with possibility to receive and keep liquid, and support layer. Device is made with possibility of placing of hygienic absorbent products on side facing body. Wherein layer for collecting urine sample comprises hydrogel or material retaining liquid, and support layer is equipped with transparent fastener. Design and system for collecting urine sample, hygienic absorbent product and method of collecting urine samples are also disclosed.EFFECT: group of inventions provides detachable attachment of device for collecting urine to hygienic absorbent product, which enables direct and more accurate analysis.19 cl, 20 dwg

ethod and device for production of environmentally safe absorbing structure // 2613159
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to method and device for formation of composite structure, preferably, for use in absorbent structure, used in industry of personal hygiene agents, for example in female hygienic pads, baby diapers and shorts or pads for adults suffering of incontinence. Present invention preferably provides method and device for application of material consisting of particles in form of required pattern on moving base layer and arrangement of material consisting of particles in form of pattern pockets. Method provides accurate formation of predetermined pattern material consisting of particles accumulation at high production rate with reduced use of raw material and at comparatively low costs. Since this method enables to make absorbent structure practically not containing cellulose and practically not containing glue, it may be advantageous from technical, economic and ecological points of view.EFFECT: present invention foresees need for improved thin, flexible, light absorbing structure of material consisting of particles, overcoming problem of known level of equipment, provides optimum absorption, distribution and retention.16 cl, 9 dwg

Absorbent product with belt ribbon made with combined constriction // 2610104
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to disposable absorbent products. Perineal area is located between first waist area and second waist area. Universal ribbon contains laminate consisting of non-woven material and at least one elastic ribbon attached to each other. At least one elastic thread is characterized by preliminary elongation, at which said at least one elastic thread is present in relation to attached to it nonwoven material. Universal belt ribbon is characterized by fastening stretching, at which laminate is present, attached to disposable absorbent product. Preliminary elongation of at least one elastic thread exceeds fixing tension of belt ribbon, and said ratio between preliminary elongation of at least one elastic thread and fixing tension of belt ribbon provides complete combined constriction of belt ribbon in range from 35% to 176%.EFFECT: technical result is improved fitting of product on body and reduced probability of leaks.7 cl, 13 dwg

Single absorbent structure containing absorbent core and/or absorption and distribution layer for absorbent products // 2608535
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to single absorbing structure and method of its production, where said single absorbing structure comprises absorbent core (5) and/or absorption (2) and distribution (3) layer, said absorbent core (5) and/or absorption (2) and distribution (3) layer, containing at least one layer of non-woven fibrous substrate (23) with pore volume suitable for penetration of superabsorbent particles. According to invention, said superabsorbent particles are distributed in layer of substrate (23) in accordance with their gradient of particle size distribution in direction of depth or z-direction above absorbent core (5) and/or absorption (2) and distribution (3) layer.EFFECT: absorption of fluid.14 cl, 26 dwg

ethod of film stretching // 2607742
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laminated material producing method containing non-woven fabric and film. This method comprises heating initial thermoplastic polymer material film, containing at least one low-melting polymer component and at least one high-melting polymer component, until at least partially melted state. At that, at least one low-melting polymer component is in melted liquid state, and at least one high-melting polymer component is not in melted liquid state. Melting is performed by means of at least one heating cylinder. Then performing cooled by passing of partially melted film via cooled cylinders clamp. Film is stretched between at least one heating cylinder and cooled cylinders clamp. Produced films can be laminated together with nonwoven material. Laminated material is used in medicine or hygiene fields.EFFECT: technical result achieved when using method and laminated material according to inventions, consists in production of thinner films.9 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 1 ex

Disposable pull up diapers of small size // 2606705
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to disposable pull up diapers, put on by passing user’s legs through the openings for legs and drawing the diaper up in position on the lower part of the body. In particular, the present invention relates to disposable pull up diapers of small size.EFFECT: disposable pull up diapers of small size feature optimized length of waist line and length of contour of the openings for legs and have improved operational characteristics relative to ease of use and fit on the waist and in leg area.8 cl, 9 dwg, 3 tbl

Disposable diaper and method of production of tensile sheet // 2606581
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: open diaper (1) comprises pair of fastening tapes (7), provided on corresponding side parts (10s) of rear section (B) of absorbent body (10), containing upper sheet (2), bottom sheet (3) and absorbent element (4) between sheets (2, 3). Between pair of fastening tapes (7) and between upper sheet (2) and lower sheet (3) wrinkled sheet (6) is provided, which has multiple folds (60), extending across width (direction X). Wrinkled sheet (6) comprises sheet of non-woven material (61) and set of elastic elements (62), arranged on non-woven material (61) intermittently in lengthwise direction (Y direction) and arranged and fixed along direction of width (direction X) in stretched state. Wrinkled sheet (6) is formed by tightening of corresponding elastic elements (62).EFFECT: in image in section, each elastic element (62) is located closer to end of each fold along thickness (60).13 cl, 21 dwg

Absorbent product // 2606570
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: absorbent product is developed, comprising liquid permeable top sheet, located at side of surface, contacting with skin, back sheet, located at side of surface, not contacting with skin, and absorbing element, located between two sheets, wherein upper sheet is made from non-woven material and absorbing element has absorbing core and cover sheet, which covers core. Multiple concave sections of back surface, which form cavities, directed to side of surface, contacting with skin, are distributed next to each other on side of upper sheet surface, not contacting with skin, cover sheet passes inside concave sections of back surface, and there is spatial part between cover sheet, extending inside recesses and absorbing core.EFFECT: absorption of fluid.25 cl, 35 dwg, 6 tbl

Personal hygiene absorbent product having longitudinally oriented layers with separate sections // 2605893
FIELD: personal usage items.SUBSTANCE: absorbent product has longitudinal direction, transversal direction and depth direction and comprises lower covering layer and at least one core absorbent layer, arranged above lower cover layer in depth direction. Absorbent product comprises at least one additional layer, not integral with absorbent layer and located above it. Additional layer includes at least first and second separate sections located along longitudinal direction. At least first and second separate sections are spatially spaced in lengthwise direction. Sections are made from one source sheet material, wherein first section at least partially determines inside opening with inner edge. Second section geometric shape is joined to fit at least partially inside opening along its peripheral edge. Second section geometric shape is complementary to opening geometric shape. First and second sections edges are complementary, wherein first section inner edge is complimentary to second section peripheral edge.EFFECT: disclosed is absorbent product.20 cl, 14 dwg

ethod of manufacturing a body adhering absorbent article orientated in the machine direction with reduced curl // 2605188
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: present invention is disclosed a method of producing a body adhering absorbent articles oriented in machine direction and characterised by low twisting or absence of twisting. Producing of said articles with low curl is performed by selective reducing or eliminating of shell elastic tension in regions where components of the body adhering absorbent article are to be attached to form the composite absorbent article web. According to certain aspects absorbent products adhesive to the body are produced by supplying an elastic web of shell material having longitudinal and transverse direction, stretching the web of shell material in longitudinal direction, deadening at least one region of the stretched web of shell material, attaching at least one absorbent article component to at least a portion of the longitudinal deadened zone to form a composite web material and cutting the composite web to form a body adhering absorbent article. EFFECT: absorption of fluid.18 cl, 15 dwg

ethod of forming fibrous product // 2604851
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to method and device for forming fibrous product, involving following steps: 1) passage of formed fibrous product through calender, comprising vacuum drum and opposite calender shaft, on surface of which, at least one groove is located, configuration of which allows to give volumetric contour to formed fibrous product; 2) embossing calendering of fibrous product in embossing calender between first and second rollers without use of bearing layer. Thus produced fibrous product can be used as layer of absorbent core of disposable hygienic products, such as sanitary napkins, daily linings, diapers, etc. Present invention also relates to disposable hygienic products, base for making of which is formed fibrous product, made in compliance with principles of present invention.EFFECT: use of bearing layer complicates production of products, and if bearing layer must be added to end product, it may cause increase of cost of end product and(or) negatively affect hygroscopic properties of product, therefore method and device for forming fibrous product allows to avoid above disadvantages.18 cl, 26 dwg, 1 tbl, 4 ex

Discoloring composition and material // 2604678
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine, specifically to discoloring composition and to the substrate with discoloring compositions applied on it. Discoloring composition contains a leuco dye, a colour developer and a desensitizing agent. Discoloring composition varies from colorless or almost colorless composition to colorful when it is wetted by water fluid. Discoloring composition remains colorless or almost colorless before impact of high humidity conditions.EFFECT: discoloring composition remains stable under high humidity conditions.6 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl

Apparatus and process for perforating and stretching web // 2604586
FIELD: textile.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to perforated thin-sheet materials, as well as to devices and methods of perforating and stretching of webs, which can be used to produce such materials. In one embodiment of invention, method includes a step of feeding a web into a gap formed between at least one pair of rollers engaging with each other. First roller is a perforating roller with disc blades with raised ridges, and second roller is a pay-out roller; both rollers comprise ridges and grooves. First roller comprises multiple spaced apart teeth extending from outside from upper surface of said first ridges, wherein said teeth have vertices, wherein upper surface of said ridges is located between vertices of said teeth and lower surface of said grooves.EFFECT: proposed device and methods enable to form a web with high open area than possible when using conventional methods and devices.19 cl, 35 dwg, 1 tbl

Absorbent article including absorbent core layer, having material free zone and transfer layer arranged below absorbent core layer // 2604582
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: absorbent article, including liquid-permeable protective layer, liquid-impermeable barrier layer, absorbent core, adjoining protective layer, wherein absorbent core includes a material-free zone, transfer layer, positioned between core and barrier layer, wherein transfer layer includes a flat part, with top surface and bottom surface, as well as a protrusion extending upward from top surface.EFFECT: absorbtion of liquid.18 cl, 16 dwg

Absorbent article including an absorbent core layer having a material free zone and transfer layer arranged below the absorbent core layer // 2604580
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: described absorbent product including a liquid-permeable surface layer liquid-impermeable barrier layer, absorbent core, arranged near a surface layer, wherein absorbent core includes a material-free zone, transfer layer arranged between the core and barrier layer, note that the transit layer includes a flat part, with top surface and bottom surface, as well as projection, extending upward from the top surface.EFFECT: absorption of fluid.18 cl, 16 dwg

ethod and apparatus to temporarily restrain stretchable non-woven fabric (versions) // 2604018
FIELD: textile and paper.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of producing temporary non-stretchability properties, mainly in machine direction, in nonwoven fabric, having a certain degree of stretchability in order to simplify processing. Non-stretchability properties can be eliminated for recovery of initial characteristics of non-woven fabric.EFFECT: present technology enables to obtain finished products containing stretchable non-woven fabric, by means of processing machines.2 cl, 3 dwg

Fibrous nonwoven fabric with porous structure // 2603592
FIELD: materials.SUBSTANCE: made is a porous fibrous nonwoven fabric with a set of pores, which increases functionality and makes more aesthetic appearance. This material is particularly suitable for use as the upper sheet or a facing to the body gasket material for absorbent products of personal hygiene, including, but without limitations, hygienic products for women, diapers, panty diapers, potty training panty, products for adults suffering incontinence, dressing materials, etc.EFFECT: fibrous nonwoven fabric contains the first, the second and the third groups of pores with various characteristics providing more convenient retention of fluids of various wastes of the body.20 cl, 17 dwg

Disposable diaper // 2600077
FIELD: hygiene.SUBSTANCE: disposable diaper comprises inner sheet material (1), outer sheet material (2), absorbent (3) and stretched sheet material (4). Stretched sheet material (4) consists of a layer of base material (41), having multilayer structure of several elastic stretching elements (42), placed therein in stretched state, wherein several elastic stretching elements (42) are located across disposable diaper and located at a certain distance from each other in a longitudinal direction. If seen in transverse direction, stretched sheet material (4) has shut-off section (43), including a section, which is covered by part of absorbent (3). At overlapping section (43) several elastic stretching elements (42) are arranged continuously in transverse direction. Several elastic stretching elements (42) are not connected with sides of base material layer (41) on central section (43a) covering section (43), wherein central section (43) is located at point where section of absorbent (3) is overlapped, and is connected with sides of base material layer (41) along side sections (43b) of overlapping section (43), which are located outside central section (43a) in transverse direction.EFFECT: absorption.6 cl, 6 dwg
 
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