easuring pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow and combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination and evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography and heart catheters for measuring blood pressure (A61B5/02)

A   Human necessities(312083)
A61B5/02                     easuring pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography; heart catheters for measuring blood pressure(2606)
ethod for prediction of long-term physical training efficiency in patients with hypertensive disease // 2642289
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: to predict the efficiency of long-term physical training in patients with essential hypertension, a test with measured physical activity is performed on a bicycle ergometer. The heart rate (HR) during rest, the threshold HR and HR recovery speed, as the difference between the threshold HR and HR at the end of a particular moment of recovery period. The rate of HR recovery is determined at the end of the 1st, 2nd and 5th minutes of the recovery period. The prognostic coefficients F1 and F2 are determined by the formulas F1=-62.4+1.16*x1+0.5*x2-0.09*x3+0.5*x4 and F2=-68.7+0.99*x1+0.78*x2-0.26*x3+0.7*x4, where x1 - HR during rest; x2 - rate of HR recovery at the end of the 5th minute of the recovery period; x3 - rate of HR recovery at the end of the 1st minute of the recovery period; x4 - rate of HR recovery at the end of the second minute of the recovery period. At F2 exceeding F1, efficiency of prolonged physical training is predicted.EFFECT: method increases the efficiency of physical rehabilitation of patients with essential hypertension, through objective selection of individual physical rehabilitation programs.2 ex, 2 tbl
ethod for prediction of risk of multiple organ failure syndrome development in patients after heart bypass // 2641033
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: method for prediction of the risk of multiple organ failure syndrome in patients after heart bypass surgery is proposed. Clinical and anamnestic indicators are analyzed and molecular genetic testing is performed with determination of polymorphisms of TLR6 and TREM-1 genes. A rating score is assigned to each prognostic criterion. The minimum risk is predicted with a score of 0 to 2.5. The average risk - with a score of 3.0 to 4.0 points. The high risk - 4.5 to 5.5 points.EFFECT: effective prediction of the risk of multiple organ failure syndrome after heart bypass by determining polymorphisms of candidate genes and calculation of the total risk by an assessment scale based on point equivalent.7 tbl, 3 ex

ethod, device and communication system for wearable device // 2640822
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: parametrization of motion state of a wearable device, detection of presence or absence of the fallen state of the wearable device based on the value of the motion state parameter and transmission of information about the fall to the terminal to make the terminal issue an alarm signal, in case the portable device is in the fallen state, are performed. If this motion state parameter includes the speed and acceleration, and detection of presence or absence of the fallen state of the wearable device based on the value of the motion state parameter includes the definition of matching or mismatching of the motion state parameter value with the fallen state parameter, in which during the first time interval the acceleration is equal to gravity acceleration, and the speed is not equal to 0, and during the second time interval the acceleration and the speed are equal to 0 at the same time. And the first-time interval and the second-time interval are two consecutive time intervals. Then, the detection of the fallen state of the wearable device in case of matching of the motion state parameter with the fallen state parameter and detection of absence of the fallen state of the wearable device in case of mismatching of the motion state parameter value with the fallen state parameter.EFFECT: possibility of expanding the information content of communication between the wearable device and the terminal by transmitting information about the fall.14 cl, 13 dwg

Autonomous wearable optical device and method for continuous noninvasive measurement of physiological parameters // 2640777
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: method for continuous noninvasive measurement of a physiological parameter of a person is performed using an autonomous wearable optical device. At that, the first unit emits the first optical radiation to the human body to create a second optical radiation scattered from the human body. Using the second unit, the spatial changes of the spatial distribution of the intensity of the second optical radiation ordered in time are increased. Using the third unit, the temporal sequence of the spatial distribution of the intensity of the second optical radiation is determined. Using the fourth unit, the informative signal is extracted from the determined time sequence and the human physiological parameter is extracted from the said informative signal. The informative signal is a spatial informative signal comprising one or more of a spatial offset between successive spatial intensity distributions in the time sequence determined in the determining step, an angular shift between successive spatial intensity distributions in the time sequence determined in the determining step, and a scaling factor between successive spatial distributions of intensity in time sequence determined in the determining step. The wearable optical device comprises a single body enclosing completely the first, second, third and fourth units and configured to provide permanent wearing of the wearable optical device on a human body.EFFECT: improved measurement accuracy.15 cl, 5 dwg

ethod and system of identifying artifacts of displacing and improving reliability of measurements and alarms in photoplethysmographic measurements // 2640006
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: system of identifying movement artifacts includes a probe configured to measure a physiological parameter of the respective patient that is configured to be placed at or near the respective patient and to generate one or more physiological signals indicating the detected physiological parameter, an accelerometer, the first unit for processing the physiological signals from the probe, for measuring the physiological parameter and the second unit for processing the acceleration signals received from the accelerometer to determine movement characteristics. In the second unit for processing the signals, processing is performed in parallel and independently from the processing in the first unit for processing the signal, and a unit of labelling measurements of the physiological parameter by the corresponding temporary movement characteristics based on certain characteristics of the displacement. The method of identifying the movement artifacts includes receiving one or more physiological signals of the detected physiological parameter of the respective patient from the probe by at least one processor, receiving one or more signals of the acceleration measurement from the accelerometer by at least one processor, processing one or more signals from the probe to determine measurements of the physiological parameter, processing one or more signals from the accelerometer, and marking the measurements of the physiological parameter by at least one processor. The method is implemented by a system comprising at least one processor including marking the measurements of the physiological parameter as carried out in the presence or absence of the movement based on the measured acceleration threshold.EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of means for photoplethysmographic measurements.20 cl, 5 dwg

Pneumatic sensor for continuous non-invasive measurement of arterial pressure // 2638712
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: sensor for continuous arterial pressure measurement comprises an applicator (1), a working chamber (11) with a pressure sensor (20) connected via an A/D converter (321) to a microcontroller (32) that is connected to an air pump (40, 42) and a data display and processing device (33). The working chamber is made in the form of a cavity (12) formed in the body of the applicator, which is connected to the pressure sensor and via an adjusting choke (45) to a high-pressure chamber (44) connected to an air pump. The applicator has a contact area for interaction with the controlled zone of the artery. A hole (14) is formed in the center of the contact area, connected by a through channel (15) with the working chamber cavity, which is open to the flat surface of the contact pad with a possibility of free air flow in the controlled zone of the artery. Inlet openings (16) of the through air vent channels (161) are arranged around the hole to maintain pressure in the working chamber equal to the pressure on the flat surface of the contact pad on the side of the skin and tissues above the unloaded wall of the artery.EFFECT: increased reliability due to air pressure formation in the working chamber equal to the blood pressure in the artery, transmitted from the skin and tissues above the unloaded wall of the artery to the flat surface of the applicator.4 cl, 4 dwg

Patient's headphones with integrated system of sensors // 2638613
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: head phones contain frame element, adapted to the shape of the patient's head, two ear cups and a system of sensors, including at least one optical emitter, which is made with the opportunity directions of electromagnetic radiation to the patient's skin, and at least one optical sensor, which is made with the possibility of receiving at least part of electromagnetic radiation from the patient's skin area, and providing output signal, wherein the output signal shows at least one patient's physiological parameter and serves as a basis for determining patient's physiological parameter, wherein the patient's headphones system includes receiving and data analysis unit that is made with a possibility to receive output signals of optical sensors and to analyze output signals through the use of predefined criteria, related to output signals, and to ensure the launching of the output signal, if one of the predefined criteria for the scan process control of magnetic resonance visualization system. The modality of medical scanning is configured to contactless obtain scan data of at least a portion of the examined subject and comprises a scanning unit, a control unit, a signal processing unit, and patient head phones. The method for determining at least one physiological parameter of the patient to be examined is performed using a head phone and a software module.EFFECT: inventions allows to synchronize the process of medical scanning.13 cl, 8 dwg
ethod for intraoperative detection of vegetative reaction at stapedoplasty and prediction of cochleovestibular disorders development after stapedoplasty // 2638269
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: method for intraoperative detection of vegetative reactions at stapedoplasty is proposed, which includes monitoring of indicators: BP, HR and identification of vegetative dysfunctions. With an increase in the values of BP and HR rate by 10 or more against the background of vegetative disorders during manipulations on the stapes, the presence of an explicit vegetative reaction is determined. With an increase in the values of BP and HR rate by 10 or more against the background of absence of vegetative disorders, a latent vegetative reaction is detected. A method is proposed for cochleovestibular disorders prediction after stapedoplasty including intraoperative monitoring of vegetative reactions at stapedoplasty as described above. When an explicit or latent vegetative reaction is revealed, cochleovestibular disorders development after stapedoplasty is predicted.EFFECT: most reliable intraoperative detection of a latent or explicit vegetative reaction at stapedoplasty, and prediction of cochleovestibular disorders development after stapedoplasty.4 cl, 1 ex
Device for cardiorespepratory analysis and method for estimation of cardiorespiratory state // 2637917
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: device for cardiorespiratory analysis contains a body with a control unit fixed thereto and an infrared pulse oximetric sensor for measuring the pulse rate and blood oxygenation. The body is made in the form of a telescopic cane equipped with a handle. The cane bends are reinforced with plastic clutches in the joints to prevent any folding. At the end of the cane, there is a wheel block in the form of a pair of wheels and a wheel speed sensor interacting with them. The wheels of the wheel unit are mounted on the common axle. The wheel speed sensor is a digital tachometer, which includes a reed switch and magnet attached to the wheel unit. The control unit is fixed on one of the cane bends and equipped with a liquid crystal display, an on/off switch and a reset button. An infrared pulse oximetric sensor is mounted on the cane handle. The microcontroller is capable of analyzing the measured readings, generating a warning message on the display screen and issuing a signal to turn off the sensors. A method for cardiorespiratory state estimation includes a test used for cardiorespiratory analysis. At that, the device is held by the handle. The thumb is placed on the infrared pulse oximetric sensor. A test program is selected, the name of which appears on the LCD. Steps are performed. Data on the distance travelled and pulse oximetry are transmitted by connecting the microcontroller via a USB cable to an external PC, where they are visualized in the form of graphs and stored in a database.EFFECT: increase accuracy of measurements during study and assessment of the dynamics of changes in the parameters of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems when performing a sample with a functional load.9 cl, 3 dwg

onitoring device for physiological signal monitoring // 2637610
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: monitoring method for physiological signal monitoring is performed using a physiological signal monitoring device. At that, a periodic physiological signal is provided by the physiological signal conditioning module. The signal segments from the physiological signal that correspond to the periods of the physiological signal are determined by the segmentation module. The signal segments are assigned to a valid class and an invalid class based on characteristics related to the signal segments by means of a classification module. The classification module further determines an accuracy factor indicating the accuracy of signal segment assignment to a valid class or an invalid class, depending on the corresponding signal segment. The physiological parameter is also defined as the physiological information from the signal segments assigned to the valid class and determines the physiological feature as the physiological information from the signal segments assigned to the valid class and from signal segments classified assigned to the invalid class.EFFECT: improved quality of physiological information determination from a physiological signal.13 cl, 5 dwg

Acoustical method for measurement of arterial pressure and other physical parameters of blood and cardiovascular system // 2637601
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: acoustic sensor is placed. Continuous infrasound recording is performed with a wideband acoustic sensor. Arterial pressure is measured by a nonlinear relationship between pressure and artery diameter for longitudinal waves according to the Navier-Stokes equation. For this purpose, the acoustic pressure measurement is carried out evenly at a predetermined interval. The obtained values are processed by a digital filter with a finite-impulse response. After digital filtering, the resulting series of numbers form time series of pressure and acoustic pressure values. Further, the arterial pressure is calculated from the obtained time series according to the claimed formula.EFFECT: device allows non-invasive and continuous measurement of arterial pressure by using a nonlinear relationship between pressure and artery diameter for longitudinal waves according to the Navier-Stokes equation.5 dwg
ethod for treatment tactics selection for patients with abdominal incision wounds // 2637418
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: following parameters are determined: time from the moment of injury; hemodynamic parameters; peritoneal symptoms; presence of internal organs eventration; presence of concomitant brain or spinal injuries; presence of free gas in review R-graphy of abdominal organs; rate of free fluid rise in the abdominal cavity; signs of injury to the internal hollow organs or continued bleeding on the abdomen CT. In accordance with the presence or absence of these indicators points are awarded. Then, depending on the aggregate identified changes indicators of their presence or absence, a decision is made on absence of indications for emergency surgery and need for active supervision, or on laparoscopy or laparotomy performance necessity.EFFECT: method allows to optimize the choice of treatment taking into account individual changes in a diagnostically significant set of indicators; to reduce the number of unjustified surgical interventions in patients with incision wounds of the abdomen; to reduce the length of stay in the hospital by reducing the number of postoperative complications and shortening the terms of rehabilitation.1 tbl, 2 ex
Device for spectrophotometric assessment of blood filling level of human tissues and organs surface layers in vivo // 2637102
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: device contains a power source, an optical head connected thereto, which includes a radiation source emitting light in the spectral range of 520-590 nm, and a photodetector. The optical head is made with an open cavity, the walls of which are covered with light-absorbing material. The radiation source is installed in an open cavity. The device also includes a control unit for radiator operation, a data processing unit, an amplifier unit for analog electrical signals from the photodetector and their digitization, an indicator of the determined quantities. The device comprises a single outer housing and a pressure sensor. The open cavity is located in the center of the ring-shaped photodetector. The optical head is located on the pressure sensor surface. A storage unit is connected to the data processing unit to store intermediate measurement results. The power source, the radiation source control unit, the amplifier unit for analog electrical signals from the photodetector and their digitization, the data processing unit, the storage unit and the detected quantities indicator are represented by a single electronic unit enclosed in the device housing.EFFECT: objective determination of the blood filling level evenly in the illuminated volume, excluding the influence of other chromophores other than blood on the instrument readings, using a more accurate and compact device.3 dwg

Device for noninvasive measurement of blood microscirculation flow // 2636880
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: device for non-invasive measurement of microcirculation flow in tissue contains a radiation source (2) to illuminate the biological tissue under study (12), a photodetector (3) to record radiation scattered back from the issue, an electronic filtering unit for the registered signal (4), a background noise subtraction unit (7), a unit for determining and indication of the perfusion index of the tissue under investigation (10), and a control and synchronization unit (11). The electronic filtering unit comprises an analog-to-digital converter (5) and a digital signal averaging unit (6) to average the useful signal with a background noise signal and average the background noise signal from the measured signal values, respectively. The background noise subtraction unit comprises an on-line memory (8) to store the calculated average values of the background noise signal and the total signal respectively, and a difference unit (9) to subtract the average background noise signal from the average total signal. The perfusion value determination and indication unit is configured to calculate a perfusion index based on the useful signal of the first moment of the useful signal spectral power density normalized by the constant component and to display the indicated value. The control and synchronization unit is configured to generate rectangular control pulses with a duty cycle of 50%. The radiation source is made in the form of at least three IR diodes emitting in the wavelength range of 800-820 nm, located at an equal distance from each other radially around the photodetector and flush with the working surface of the photodetector.EFFECT: increased accuracy of the device by subtracting background noise, increasing its noise immunity and safety by using LED radiation sources instead of lasers without application of optical fibers.4 cl, 5 dwg
ethod for determination of actual physical parameter value // 2636181
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: to determine glucose concentration in the blood, the ratio of fasted-measured values of systolic and diastolic arterial pressures on the left and right arms is recorded: n01 - minimal systolic to maximal diastolic, n11 - maximum systolic to maximum diastolic, n00 - minimal systolic to minimal diastolic and n10 - maximum systolic to minimum diastolic, according to which the corresponding glucose values are estimated: R01 and R11, R00 and R10, using a calibration characteristic with known limiting parameters. A complex evaluation of all glucose concentration results and a normalized equivalent of their maximum value are formed, the ratio of which serves as an adaptive normalized accuracy. The actual value is represemted by the adaptive measure of the normalized equivalent, represented by the arithmetic average of the measured results of glucose concentration and located within the adaptive range, with an error regulated by the adaptive normalized accuracy.EFFECT: method improves metrological efficiency, accuracy and reliability of blood glucose concentration determination by reducing the methodological and instrumental error due to the introduction of an adjustable standardized measure of accuracy that automatically tracks the adaptive range.1 tbl, 1 dwg

Double loop with single control wire for bilateral action // 2636180
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: catheter comprises: an elongated tubular catheter body with at least one lumen extending therethrough; a divergent intermediate portion having a proximal and a distal end and at least two off-axis lumens extending therethrough. The proximal end is attached to the distal end of the catheter body; and a distal assembly located distally from the divergent intermediate portion. The distal assembly comprises: a tubular structure having a generally straignt proximal zone attached to the intermediate portion and a generally circular main zone generally located transversely and distally with respect to the proximal zone; an elongated support member extending through the distal assembly. The elongated support member has the property of shape memory; a non-conductive coating at least over the main zone of the distal assembly; and at least one electrode located on the generally circular main zone of the distal assembly; at least one washer located at the distal end of the divergent intermediate portion. The washer has at least two off-axis lumens, each of which is axially aligned with the corresponding off-axis clearance of the diverted intermediate portion; an exhaust wire having two proximal portions and an intermediate portion transverse to the two proximal portions. Each distal segment passes through the corresponding off-axis clearance of the divergent intermediate portion and the corresponding off-axis clearance of the washer. The middle section is located distally off the washer and continues between two off-axis clearances; and a control lever comprising a deflection mechanism adapted to act on at least one proximal portion of the exhaust wire fixed in the control lever to deflecting the divergent intermediate portion.EFFECT: convenience in use and manufacture.19 cl, 8 dwg

System for measuring vital activity indicators using camera // 2635479
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: system comprises an image forming unit for obtaining video data of the subject, a marker that can be attached to the subject body and comprises a machine-readable graphic pattern containing encoded data, an image processing unit for detecting the marker in the video data, and for determining the encoded data from the graphic pattern, and an analysis unit configured to extract, depending on the coded data, a parameter of the vital activity indicator, associated with the vital activity indicator of the subject and, from the video data, and to determine a vital parameter of the vital activity indicator. The device for determining the vital activity indicator of the subject is included in the system and is intended for performing the method of determining the vital activity indicator of the subject. The computer-readable medium comprises a computer program for determining the vital activity indicator of the subject.EFFECT: increasing the accuracy and reliability of measurements.14 cl, 9 dwg

Photoplethysmographic device and method // 2635172
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device includes a light source for emitting light pulses into a living creature tissue, a light sensor, a filter unit for filtering a sensor signal that contains a switchable in-phase low-pass filter to form a common-mode filter signal and a switchable non-phase low-pass filter to form an in-light and the filter unit such that the in-phase filter is turned on only for the second time period, when the light source is turned on and in such a manner that the non-phase filter is turned on during the first and the third time periods, when the light source is turned off. The first and the third time periods provide a locally increased sampling frequency near the second time period such that the non-phase signal of the filter interpolates the interference signal from the ambient light and the common-mode noise of the filter, the unit for subtracting the non-phase signal of the filter from the in-phase signal. The control method is provided by the device.EFFECT: extending the arsenal of means to measure heart rate.15 cl, 9 dwg

System and method for determination of human sleep and sleep stages // 2634624
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: method for determination of sleep, the sleep stage, and/or transition between the sleep stages of a person is performed using a system for determination of sleep, the sleep stage and/or transition between sleep stages. At that, heart rate is detected and recorded, and movement of a body is detected and recorded when this movement is caused by the skeletal muscle of the body, using a wearable device. The recorded heart rate is assigned a heart rate class and a heart rate variability class using the analysing device. The recorded movement is assigned classes using the analysing device: large movement (LM), such as posture change, small movement (SM), such as limb movement or hand movement, and tough movements (TM) such as very short limb movements during the rapid eye movement sleep stage (REM sleep). The sleep, sleep stages, transitions between sleep stages and/or sleep events are determined based on the heart rate class, the heart rate variability class and the class of movements using the analysing device. Recorded movement are assigned a class of movements taking into account ranges of movements intensity, such as 1 to 2, 3 to 5 and 6 to 10 counts per second.EFFECT: determination of sleep states and sleep stages or transitions between sleep stages without disturbing a person's sleep and providing reliable results with sufficient accuracy.14 cl, 4 tbl, 13 dwg

ethod for treatment of lower limbs chronic arterial insufficiency of i-iia degree // 2634419
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: for treatment of lower limbs chronic ischemia, lumbar chemical sympathectomy is carried out by introducing an ethanol solution. The basal level of the transcutaneous oxygen tension and the ankle-brachial index (ABI) are determined. With basal ABI less than 0.90, the need for limb revascularization is determined. With basal ABI of 0.90 or more, a stress test is performed, with a decrease in the load ABI of less than 0.90, or 15% or more compared to basal, sympathectomy is performed. The volume of ethyl alcohol 70% for sympathectomy is determined by the height and body mass index of the patient. After 1 day, the transcutaneous oxygen tension is determined, with an increase of 15% or more from the basal level, therapy including calf muscles electrostimulation within 60 minutes by pulses of less than 0.05 W, stimulation rate of 60-75 muscle contractions per minute is recommended. If no increase by 15% or more from the basal level in the transcutaneous oxygen tension is observed after chemical sympathectomy, indications for revascularization are determined, the transcutaneous oxygen tension is examined monthly.EFFECT: method allows to increase the treatment effectiveness for patients with lower limbs chronic ischemia, due to the timely detection of patients with clinically not-manifested lower limbs chronic ischemia.1 dwg, 1 ex
ethod of early evaluation of infectious complication risk in patients with injuries // 2634036
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: patient's condition is determined by measuring blood parameters and clinical scores. The hemoglobin level in the blood is measured as blood parameters. The presence of alcohol intoxication, the Kerdo index is determined and, taking into account the age of the patient and the type of injury, the risk of infectious complications in the patient is determined by calculating scores. The obtained scores and summarized, and the minimum risk, moderate risk, high risk or extremely high risk of infectious complications is assessed depending on the obtained value.EFFECT: allows to predict the development of infectious diseases at the preoperative stage.1 tbl, 3 ex

ethod for determining stroke volume // 2633348
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: in order to determine the stroke volume, two electrodes are applied to the body parts, resistance R between the electrodes is registered when the rheogram (RG) is made, blood hemoglobin Hb is measured. The stroke volume is determined by the calibration equation Q of the ratio of the resistance R to the limiting value R0 between the electrodes RG with the function Q0i of the normalized volume from the blood hemoglobin (Hb): where R0 is the limiting value of the resistance recorded at the upper and lower limits of the resistance values Ri of patients, normalised heart volumes Q0i and stroke volume values of patients Qi, with a different calibration for men and women, wherein i=1, 2, and .The function Q0i Of the normalised volume is calibrated by the measured value of hemoglobin Hb in one patient with a known value of the stroke volume Q, according to which the parameters are calculated by successive approximation: the values of the limiting stroke volume Q0 and the limiting blood hemoglobin Hb0.EFFECT: accuracy of measuring the stroke volume is increased by adapting the resistance along the limits of the range and calibrating the normalized volume by one measure of blood hemoglobin.2 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod for registration of latent electrocardiogram of all sections of four-chamber heart and device for its implementation // 2633347
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: method for recording of latent electrical activity of all sections of the four-chamber heart includes amplification of the biopotentials from the electrocardiograms electrodes mounted on the patient's body in the electrocardiographic signal (ECS) amplifier unit, then ECS data digitization block by an ECS A/D converter unit, to which a data storage unit and a wi-fi device for wireless communication with a tablet PC are connected. An array of digital ECS data is subject to a wavelet transformation in the ECS wavelet transformation unit, and then the wavelet-section of the ECS wavelet diagram is performed in the wavelet-section of the wavelet diagram, and the electrical activity of various segments of the heart conductive nervous system is detected in the ECS processing unit and displayed on the tablet PC screen. The device consists of a system of thoracic ECG electrodes, an ECS amplifier unit, a microprocessor-based ADC, a data storage unit and remote transmission via a wi-fi device to the input of the ECS processing unit inmplemented at the tablet PC. The device additionally includes a wavelet-section unit of the wavelet diagram and an ECS wavelet transformation unit.EFFECT: extension of the arsenal of means for cardiac activity state diagnosis.2 cl, 7 dwg
ethod for determining physical efficiency of students // 2633346
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: subject is tested on a bicycle ergometer. After carrying out the bicycle ergometry, a bioimpedance study of the composition of the subject's body, loading tests in accordance with the standard of the GTO (Ready for Labour and Defense), a spectrophotometric urine analysis are carried out. The obtained results are assigned with native points. After that, the number of final points is calculated by the mathematical formula. The obtained result provides a basis to draw a conclusion about the satisfactoriness degree of physical efficiency.EFFECT: method allows to increase the objectivity of determining the student's physical efficiency by determining the degree of muscle mass development, analyzing the performance of certain muscle groups and the body's functional reserves which are spent to perform physical activity.7 tbl, 1 ex
ethod for adaptational training of russian shooting athletes for competitions under climatic and geographical conditions of latin america // 2632623
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: for adaptational training, physiological and biochemical parameters of the body are monitored and, if necessary, corrected. During training days, a complex of the following six parameters is monitored daily: pulse in the orthostatic test - lying and standing, value of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the morning after sleep, heart rate and oxygen level in peripheral blood in rested state immediately before training. With an increase or decrease of at least 2 out of six indicators compared to the accepted limits of their normal values, the intensity of the two subsequent trainings at all stages of training before the flight is maintained so that the increase in the athlete's heart rate during training is no more than 10% of the initial value in the rested state. With the values of all the mentioned indicators being within the accepted norm, or beyond, the values of only one indicator for the daily aerobic training of the athlete at the initial stage of adaptational training, the intensity is maintained in a mode that allows to provide 190≥heart rate>130. Training is performed by microcycles depending on the stage and taking into account the heart rate. Flight takes place not less than 7 days before the start of the competition. During the flight, the level of oxygen in the peripheral blood and heart rate are determined, and in the case of an increase or decrease in at least one of these parameters, compared to the accepted norm, the intensity of the two follow-up trainings during the first day is maintained so that the increase in heart rate during training does not exceed 5% of the original value in the rested state. At normal values of blood oxygen and heart rate during the flight - the increase in heart rate during training is no more than 20%. From the second day under new climatic and geographical conditions, training is conducted in the following mode: 3 days of training, 1 day break, morning - shooting, evening - aerobic. Body parameters are monitored every day, and with an increase or decrease in at least 2 of them compared to the accepted limits of their normal values, the intensity of the two following trainings is maintained so that the increase in the athlete's heart rate during training is no more than 10% of the initial value in the rested state. At normal values of indicators, or in case of exceeded norm for no more than one indicator, training is performed in a mode that allows to maintain 170≥heart rate≥110.EFFECT: optimum load conditions.4 cl, 4 tbl
Implantable fastener // 2632524
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: implantable fastener comprises a proximal stabilizing member extending from the proximal end to the distal end, a distal stabilizing member extending from the proximal end to the distal end, a bridge extending from the distal end of the proximal stabilizing member to the proximal end of the distal stabilizing member and a positioning arm extending from the proximal end of the distal stabilizing member. The proximal and distal stabilizing members have a compressed configuration and are configured for transition to a deployed configuration. The deployment system for fastener transdermal delivery and implantation comprises an input device cannula, a pusher and a sheath. The method for deployment system application comprises the following steps: cannula moving towards the target site, fastener positioning in the target region, application of a controlled force to release the first stabilizing member from the compressed state, application of a controlled force to release the second stabilizing member from the compressed state, and cannula extraction. The method for fastener manufacture consists of: material placement on the core, coating of the core with a core coating and heat treatment of the said material to form the said fastener. The core for fastener manufacture comprises the first disc, the second disc and a shaft disposed between the first and the second discs. The first disc has a surface convex towards the second disc, the second disc has a surface convex towards the first disc, each disc has a groove extending from the shaft.EFFECT: possibility to install the fastener in the target location of the patient's body by application of a controlled force, a possibility of implantation into a living animal or human body to control various physiological states.28 cl, 34 dwg

ethod for determination of predictors of sinoatrial node preserved function in patients with long-term persistent atrial fibrillation // 2631601
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: essence of the method: for patients with long-term persistent atrial fibrillation, prior to operation while probing the heart cavities or intraoperatively after connecting the cardiopulmonary bypass, but prior to the main stage of the operation, without introduction of sympathomimetic drugs, blood samples are taken from the ascending aorta and coronary sinus with determination of the norepinephrine, metanephrine and normetanephrine level. When the threshold values for norepinephrine in the coronary sinus exceed 819.9 pg/ml, metanephrine in the ascending aorta exceeds 18.83 pg/ml, normetanephrine in the ascending aorta exceeds 15.27 pg/ml, as predictors of the preserved function of the sinoatrial node, such patient is subject to surgical treatment of long-term persistent atrial fibrillation with a high degree of efficacy. Use of the invention provides an increase in the effectiveness of surgical treatment of long-term persistent atrial fibrillation.EFFECT: predictability of the effectiveness of surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation and the release of patients from the need for conducting pacing and antiarrhythmic therapy in the postoperative period.1 ex
ethod for energy consumption calculation based on individual activity of athlete // 2631562
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: basic metabolism value (BMV) is determined. Then the value of basic metabolism per hour (a) is determined. Timing of athlete's activities per day is performed, where each activity corresponds to a physical activity coefficient (PAC). Each time period (t) of athlete's activity is multiplied by PAC and a. Energy consumption (ECtr) during training and competitions are read from athlete's cardiac monitor, and their values are used to determine the daily energy consumption of the athlete according to the proposed formula.EFFECT: method allows to individualize energy expenditure of an athlete in the most dynamic period of sports training using a cardiac monitor and cardiac monitor data to calculate the daily energy consumption of the athlete.2 cl, 3 tbl, 1 ex

ethod for determination of arterial pressure based on distal finger phalanges temperature // 2631414
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: temperature of the distal finger phalanges is measured by a sensor (point 1). The systolic Ps and diastolic Pd blood pressure is measured with a standard tonometer. The mean arterial pressure Pref is calculated. Then, from the thermal imaging image, a region of the finger with low small blood filling (point 2) is found, where the second temperature sensor is located. The temperature at points 1 and 2 is measured within 3 minutes. Based on the measurement results, the average temperature at point 1 and the average temperature at point 2 are calculated. After Pref calculation, the value is calculated. Further, continuous measurement of temperature at points 1 and 2, as well as heart rate HR(t) is performed. Simultaneously, the following calculations are performed: calculation of the averaged temperature value at point 1 (TFPav(T)) and at point 2 (TPav(T)) and calculation of the average blood pressure Pav(T)=[TFPav(T)-TPav(T)]⋅K1prop. After this, based on the values of Pav(T) and HR(t), the systolic Ps(T) and diastolic Pd(T) pressures are calculated using the following system of equations: .EFFECT: increased accuracy of blood pressure determination by the temperature of the distal finger phalanges due to compensation of the effect of ambient temperature and individual skin parameters.1 dwg

ethod and device for switching modes // 2630683
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: according to the mode switching method used in a household appliance containing at least one fan and air conditioner and/or a humidifier and/or air purifier, it is determined whether the user is in a sleep state, if the user is in a sleeping state, switch the current mode of operation of the household appliance in silent mode. When operating in silent mode: determining the stage of the user's sleep according to the physiological data collected by the wearable device, and regulate the fan rotation speed in the household electrical appliance, depending on the stage of the user's sleep. Moreover, the regulation of the fan speed in the household appliance, depending on the stage of the user's sleep, includes adjusting the fan speed depending on the stage of the user's sleep and air quality so that the fan speed increases with deteriorating air quality and decreases when moving from the shallow sleep state to the state of deep sleep.EFFECT: providing automatic switching of the current operating mode to silent mode.14 cl, 14 dwg
Collection of personal health data // 2630349
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: personal portable monitor contains personal portable computing device containing a processor and a detection device for signals, which can be used by the processor to perform measurements of the parameter associated with the user's health, such as blood pressure. The signal detection device is combined with the personal portable computing device. The signal detection device contains means for blood flow restriction, made with the ability to be pressed against one side of the body part or impose pressure on one side of the body part, means for measurement of the pressure imposed by a body part or on a body part, and device for recording the blood flow through the body part being in contact with the means for blood flow restriction. The processor has a possibility of flow recording in the pressure range in any order and pressure and flow data including into the mathematical equation for blood pressure measurement.EFFECT: reliable measurement of blood pressure, regardless of the order of flow and pressure data.24 cl, 1 tbl, 11 dwg

Radio channel system of cardiac monitoring, prevention and actions in critical situations // 2630126
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: system contains emergency medical service panels, each of which includes a microcontroller and associated database, a megahertz range modem and display, alert and control units, a patient control center including a server and associated data bank, an automated workstation of the center administrator and a modem of the megahertz range, as well as wearable distant-reading instruments, each of which contains a multichannel microcontroller, to which the microprocessor with a keyboard, a ECG measurement unit, a respiration analysis unit, a haemodynamics monitoring unit and megahertz range modem, as well as the patient mobility measuring instrument are connected, the output of the patient mobility measuring instrument is connected to the corresponding multichannel microcontroller input, to the outputs of which an audio notification unit and a display are connected. Each wearable distant-reading instrument includes a GPS/GLONASS module, a battery power control and monitoring unit, and a gigahertz range modem, such as a WiFi modem. Moreover, all the above-mentioned modems of the megahertz range are made in the form of low-power "short-range devices" using unlicensed frequency bands, such as 433 or 868 MHz.EFFECT: increased efficiency of the system by eliminating traffic overload.4 dwg
ethod for arterial pressure measurement // 2629036
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: pulse wave sensors are fixed on the wrists of both hands, and the data from the pulse wave sensors are processed synchronously, determining the delay between heartbeats. Then, the delay variation is monitored over time, which is taken corresponding to the systolic pressure change.EFFECT: method allows for a possibility of continuous monitoring of changes in blood pressure.2 dwg

Device and method for obtaining and processing measurement readings of a living being // 2628648
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining and processing measurement readings containing a component representing a physical phenomenon in a living being is performed using a device for obtaining and processing measurement readings. At the same time, the measurement readings from a part of the body of a living being are obtained at a distance, having a component representing a physical phenomenon in a living being, using a sensor. Identify a part of the body of a living being from the obtained measurement values using an identification block. The first signal is extracted from the readings using a pulling unit. The predetermined correction information in accordance with the identified body part from the set of data of the predetermined correction information, adapted and assigned to various parts of the body, is obtained with the evaluation unit. The first signal is corrected in accordance with the correction information and the output signal representing the physical phenomenon of the living being is generated using the correcting unit.EFFECT: remote measurement of a physical phenomenon of a living being and output of a more accurate output signal.15 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for portal and/or hepatic pressure detection, and system for portal hypertension tracking // 2627154
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: devices and methods are provided that are generally related to vibration sensors for fluid external pressure measurement, namely to sensors configured to be implanted. The proposed devices and methods are particularly suitable for implantation into the body of an animal or a human to monitor physiological conditions, such as portal and/or hepatic venous pressure, and for enabling frequent venous pressure remote polling using the resonant frequency of the implanted sensor. Sensitive devices are relatively small compared to known devices for fluid pressure measurement and can be implanted into the portal-hepatic venous system, whereas the known devices are too large. The small size of the device is achieved by application of a thickened sensitive membrane as compared with the known devices, and by limiting the size of the additional elements relative to the sensitive membrane size. The more thickened sensor element also eliminates the need to use a plurality of sensor arrays and maintains high accuracy and durability of the sensing device.EFFECT: system for data acquisition, processing and display provides reading of the measured pressure and, in particular, suitable for detection of portal hypertension in patients with liver disease.63 cl, 12 dwg
Device for continuous non-invasive blood pressure measurement // 2626319
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: device for continuous non-invasive blood pressure measurement comprises an applicator (10) installed in the body (11), made in the form of a liquid-filled cavity (12) with a flexible membrane (13) to mechanically contact the patient's tissues (100) directly above the radial artery (101) and the fluid pressure transducer (14) associated with the cavity for pressure conversion to an electrical signal. The device also comprises means for membrane state regulation during measurement based on the control loop and the control unit (50) based on the microcontroller. The control loop comprises interconnected optical sensor (20) for membrane (13) positioning, fluid pressure generation unit (55), and compressor (40) communicating with the applicator cavity. The control unit (50) is connected to the computer (60) and is configured to calculate the parameters and record the blood pressure. The means for membrane (13) state regulation is adapted to maintain the initial flat state of the membrane (13) corresponding to the zero pressure difference outside and within the cavity (12), in the absence of mechanical contact of the membrane (13) with the patient's body (100). The control unit (50) is configured to predict the signal parameters of the subsequent pulse wave based on the value of the local signal period for the previous time interval calculated by the autocorrelation function (ACF) and comprises software-generated blood pressure calculation module, ACF calculation module, local period calculation module, module for prediction of the subsequent pulse wave parameters, and also unit for fluid pressure creation in the cavity.EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of blood pressure determination by predicting the signal of the subsequent pulse wave generated by the value of the local period determined by the autocorrelation function of signal values over the previous period of time.6 cl, 4 dwg
ethod for prediction of fetal growth retardation syndrome development at tobacco smoking background // 2626316
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: in the gestation period of 11-14 weeks, laser doppler flowmetry is used to determined one of the cutaneous microcirculation parameters, namely, the parameter characterizing the temporal variability of perfusion. According to the formula obtained by the binary logistic regression method, the prediction factor for fetal growth retardation syndrome is calculated: R=1/(1+e-z), where R is the prediction factor for fetal growth retardation syndrome; e is a constant, base of the natural logarithm equal to 2.72; z is the degree of the inverse logarithm, calculated by the formula z=b1⋅x1+a, where b1 is the regression factor, calculation of which is the task of binary logistic regression, which is equal to 5.121 in case of fetal growth retardation syndrome; x1 is the value of the independent variable, namely the parameter characterizing the temporal variability of perfusion; a is a constant equal to -4.477 in case of fetal growth retardation syndrome. At R more than 0.5, development of complications of pregnancy, namely the fetal growth retardation syndrome, is predicted.EFFECT: simplification and increased sensitivity of the method for prediction of fetal growth retardation syndrome at the tobacco smoking background.2 ex

Non-invasive method of blood rheological properties complex analysis in vivo // 2625281
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: in the zone of interest, the flow of blood through the vessel is probed with pulses of ultrasonic oscillations in the energy colour Doppler coding mode. The diameter d of the vessel, the thickness of the blood flow boundary layer, the area of the blood flow boundary layer, the area of axial blood flow, the cardiac contractions frequency are determined and parameters characterizing the blood rheological properties are calculated based on the obtained data: blood kinematic viscosityν, the Womersley number α, parameter α2, ε flow structure coefficient. The peak systolic velocity Vps of axial blood flow and the mean maximum velocity Vm of axial flow of blood are determined, the inter-intimal diameter of the vessel and the Reynolds number Re, shear rate V, and shear voltage τ are calculated based on these parameters. Intubation is carried out with a traffic intensity distribution map over the flow section and the following is further determined using the measurements: area Sos of the axial flow into the systole, area Sns of the flow into the systole, area Sod of the axial flow into the diastole, area Snd of the flow into the diastole, area Sδs into the systole, area Sδd into the diastole, systole time ts, diastole time td, heart cycle time t; and the following is calculated from the obtained data: averaged thickness δxs of the boundary layer into the systole (cm) according to the formula: δxs=Sδs/[√π*(√Sns+√Sos)], where Sδs is the area of the boundary layer into the systole, Sns is the flow area into the systole, Sos is the axial flow area into the systole; averaged thickness δxd of the boundary layer into the diastole (cm) according to the formula: δxd=Sδd/[√π*(√Snd+√Sod)], where Sδd is the boundary layer area into the diastole, Snd is the flow area into the diastole, Sod-ω is angular velocity (c-1); νs - blood kinematic viscosity into the systole (cSt) according to the formula: νs=ωδxs2; d - blood kinematic viscosity into the diastole (cSt) according to the formula: νd=ωδxd2; νh - blood hemodynamic viscosity (cSt) according to the formula: νh=[(νs x ts)+(νd x td)]/t; Σhs - coefficient of rheological effectiveness of blood flow into the systole according to the formula: Σhs=Sos/Sns, where Sos is the area of the axial flow into the systole; Sns is the area of the flow into the systole; Σhd - coefficient of rheological efficiency of blood flow into the diastole according to the formula: Σhd=Sod/Snd, where Sod is the area of the axial flow into the diastole; Snd is the flow area into the diastole; Σh - coefficient of rheological efficiency of blood flow per cardiac cycle according to the formula: Σh=[(Σhs x ts)+(Σhd x td)]/t. Erythrocytes movement characteristics are determined in the axial flow, such as motion intensity, evaluating it according to the level of colour intensity of colouring of the axial flow colour map, comparing it to the intensity level of the colour scale on the monitor screen; degree of flow disorganization according to the structure and degree of heterochromicity of the axial flow colour map, for which the axial flow structural coefficient AFSC is determined as the ratio of the area of axial flow sections with the maximum colouring intensity Sm and the axial flow area So, and at AFSC=1 flow structure is considered normally organized, and at AFSC<1 - disorganized; the erythrocyte movement intensity gradient in the direction from the vessel wall to the axial flow, estimating the degree of flow local stability by the nature of axial flow contours and boundary layer strips, the degree of axial flow cantering and the uniformity of the boundary layer thickness over the vessel section.EFFECT: improved efficiency of the analysis of blood rheological properties due to calculation of a large number of quantitative rheological characteristics of the blood flow and visual detection, which allows to localize the vessel sections with violated hemorheological parameters.13 dwg, 1 ex
ethod for predicting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in persons with sugar diabetes of 2 type // 2625270
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: for individual predictions of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients with concomitant diabetes mellitus (DM) of type 2, measurements of systolic blood pressure (SBP), body mass index (BMI), a 6-minute walking test (TSW) and the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) for measuring the effect of COPD on patient quality of life. The levels are determined: glycated hemoglobin (HbA), low-density lipoprotein (LDLC) cholesterol, triglycerides (TG).EFFECT: method allows to obtain a reliable prognosis of the development of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in individuals with type 2 diabetes within 1 year of observation by calculating the probability index of exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with the help of the original regression equation based on the data obtained.2 tbl, 2 ex

ethod of human stress diagnostics // 2624813
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: patient is recorded cardiothrit during 12 hours of daytime during his daily activity. Then, once every half an hour, a 5-minute recording interval without interference is analyzed, the standard deviation of the NN intervals (SDNN) of each of the indicated 5-minute intervals of the cardiorhythmogram is calculated. Determine by the average SDNN of 5 minute intervals the average SDNN value for every third part of the 12-hour daytime period of the day. Diagnosing chronic stress in obtaining mean SDNN values for the second and third parts of daytime, each of which differs from the mean of the preceding third of daytime of the day by less than 10 milliseconds and/or the average SDNN value for the first third of the daytime, which is less than 70 milliseconds, with an average SDNN value for the subsequent second third of daytime, equal to or less than the SDNN value for the first third of the daytime.EFFECT: method allows to provide the possibility of diagnosing chronic stress with high informativeness and reliability.4 dwg, 1 ex

Device and method for vital sign measurement of a person // 2624344
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: method for measurement of the human body state basic parameters in the illumination region, is carried out using a device for human body state main indicators measurement. At that, a visual theme near or in the area of the illumination region is provided using representation means. Lighting effects of the visual themes are subject to change in accordance with the required environment. The illumination region is lighted with light conditions to measure vital signs using the illuminating means. Optical detection of signals from the illumination area is performed by the optical measuring means. Optical detection signals are evaluated to obtain information on the vital signs from the estimated signals using the evaluation means. The control means is used for control the lighting stage in response to feedback from at least one of the stages of optical detection and assessment, to guarantee minimum lighting conditions to enable detection of signals from which the desired accuracy of information on vital signs can be obtained. The presentation stage is controlled in order to avoid changes in visual theme light effects, that (i) interfere with the rate of change of vital signs in the obtained information and (ii) reduce the accuracy of measurement information.EFFECT: improved accuracy and reliability of detection of the main human body state indicators by combining the means for visual theme presentation and measuring instrument.14 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for interactive psycho-physiological testing // 2624318
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: in the process of interactive psycho-physiological testing, questions are presented to the examinee. The physiological parameters of the examinee are recorded, and the psychological component is recorded by measuring the brain electrical conductivity using electrodes applied to the temporal areas, and directly above the ears in areas with no hair in the left and right temples 5 cm from the upper ear edges. The electrical conductivity in the temporal area and the area above ears is constantly measured during the entire time of test questions presentation. By the changes in the electrical conductivity, measured in the temporal area, an increase in the emotional stress of the examinee is judged when presenting the question. By the changes in the electrical conductivity measured above the ears, are images updating in non-volatile memory of the examinee is judged upon question presentation.EFFECT: method allows to determine the functional nature of psycho-physiological reactions when presenting the questions to the examinee, and the ability to determine whether the person recalls anything when a question is presented, or not, by conducting interactive psycho-physiological testing using electrodes applied to temporal areas and directly above the ears.9 cl, 5 dwg, 4 tbl, 3 ex

ultichannel recorder of biopotentials standard values // 2623644
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: multichannel recorder of biopotentials standard values contains N input channels, each of which includes serially connected input electrode, amplifier, low pass filter and the first input key, with the outputs of the first input keys connected to a dial-up filter input, the output of which is connected to a microcontroller via the serially connected mean square value detector and ADC; microcontroller digital output is connected to a device for information recording and display. Between the dial-up filter outputs connected to inverting inputs of the corresponding operational amplifiers of the dial-up filter and dial-up filter outputs connected to the outputs of the corresponding operational amplifiers of the dial-up filter, electrical circuits of the dial-up filter are formed, each of which consisting of N parallel branches, each of which being formed by serially connected analog key and capacitor, and between the corresponding outputs of the mean square value detector, an electrical circuit of the mean square value detector is formed consisting of N parallel branches, each of which being formed by serially connected analog key and capacitor. The first input key control input of each input channel from the first to the N-th is connected to the respective control inputs of analog keys of each parallel branch, and is connected to the corresponding first to N-th microcontroller control output.EFFECT: use of the invention allows to increase the accuracyand identity of signal registration.4 dwg
ethod for life-harmful heart rate disorders development risk prediction for children and adolescents // 2623486
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: ECG study is performed, and the cardiac electrical quality index is determined by the formula: D=(aR/aT):(QT/QRS), where D is the cardiac electrical quality index, aR and aT are the amplitude of R and T, respectively, QT is QT interval, QRS is QRS interval. With a value of D<0.55, a high risk of life-harmful heart rate disorders development in children and adolescents is predicted, with a value of 0.55≤D<0.80, a moderate risk, and with D≥0.80, a low risk of life-harmful heart rate disorders development in children and adolescents is predicted.EFFECT: method allows to predict the risk of life-harmful heart rate disorders development in children and adolescents, which will allow to develop the necessary tactics for dynamic observation of patients, and tactics for timely and adequate therapy.3 tbl, 6 ex

ethod for prediction of risk of arterial hypertension development for men of working age, working under conditions of watch in extreme north // 2623455
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: for men of working age working under the conditions of watch in the Far North, chronobiological analysis of the results of daily monitoring of arterial blood pressure is performed with subsequent determination of arterial hypertension risk after 1 year. The desynchronism of blood pressure and heart rate rhythms are considered together with the percentage contribution of the 3.4-hour rhythm of systolic blood pressure, percentage contribution of the 4-hour rhythm of diastolic blood pressure, variability of nocturnal systolic blood pressure. Using the mathematical formula, the regression equation value is calculated. Depending on the obtained value, the regression equations determine the subgroup membership of persons with low risk of arterial hypertension after 1 year or of patients with high risk of arterial hypertension development after 1 year.EFFECT: method allows to increase the accuracy of early diagnosis of arterial hypertension in persons working under conditions of watch in the Far North, by examining the dynamics of the chronobiological parameters of blood pressure rhythms.6 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of diagnosis and selection of surgical treatment of patients with varicose disease of small tang // 2623331
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: patient is measured venous pressure (VP) on a segment of the left ovarian vein in length 10 centimeters. The veins are catheterized, the level of the VP No. 1 corresponding to the venous pressure in the left ovarian vein, which is the starting point of the measured pressure values, is fixed. The left ovarian vein is distal to the location of the catheterization, the level of the VP No.2 determines the retrograde pressure in the left ovarian vein, equal to the pressure in the left renal vein. The left ovarian vein is clamped proximally to the catheterization site and the central VP No.3 is determined. With VP No. 1 equal to VP No. 3 and VP No. 2, a smaller VP No.3 is assigned a resection of the ovarian vein segment. In case of VP No. 1 equal to VP No.2 and VP No.2, a larger VP No.3 is assigned a distal resection of the left ovarian vein with an anastomosis between the iliac vein and the proximal segment of the left ovarian vein.EFFECT: method allows you to determine in a timely manner the therapeutic treatment tactics.2 ex

ethod for estimation of heart tolerance to physical load and monitor // 2622614
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: patient's heart rate is continuously recorded. The value of patient's heart rate variability indicator is determined in time interval TV according to the claimed formula. Simultaneously, mechanical acceleration of patient's movements is recorded continuously using a three-component accelerometer placed near the body center of gravity. The value of the magnitude of mechanical work A spent by the patient due to his motor activity is determined in interval TA, according to the claimed formula. The value of WM index and the current value Wt of heart tolerance to physical activity are determined by the formula. For Wt≈0 a signal about reaching the limit of heart tolerance to physical exertion is generated. The wearable tolerance monitor implements the proposed method. It contains a pulse recorder, the first and the second single-channel analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), an R wave exciter, a microprocessor with random access memory (RAM), a raw data input unit, an accelerometer, a microprocessor controlled multiplexer, an acoustic indicator. At that, the pulse recorder is connected to the microprocessor via the first ADC connected in series and R wave exciter. The accelerometer is connected to the microprocessor via serially connected multiplexer and the second ADC. The raw data input unit, the acoustic indicator and the multiplexer control signal input are connected directly to the microprocessor.EFFECT: group of inventions allows to assess the heart's tolerance to physical exertion through continuous monitoring of pulse values, determination of the limit of heart tolerance to exercise and signaling its approach to the tolerance limit.1 dwg, 1 tbl

Control device and control system for hemostatic device // 2622587
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: hemostatic device is made connectable to the first compression sleeve and/or at least one second compression sleeve. Compression sleeves have different volumes. The control device has a memory. The pumping device is designed for compression sleeve pumping. The first compression sleeve corresponds to the first set of parameters including parameters for the first compression sleeve pumping process control. The second compression sleeve corresponds to the second set of parameters including parameters for the second compression sleeve pumping process control. The parameter sets are different from each other and depend on the volume of the said first and second compression sleeves. The parameter sets are stored in the control device memory. A method of hemostatic device control and a hemostatic device control system are disclosed.EFFECT: provision of rapid pumping and reliable operation of hemostatic sleeves.26 cl, 5 dwg
ethod for sanatorium treatment tactics selection for patients with arterial hypertension // 2622582
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: heart rate, daily average systolic blood pressure, average hemodynamic blood pressure and central pulse pressure are determined for with patients AH of degree 1, stages I and II. Their numerical values are established. F1, F2, F3 and F4 functions values are determined by the stated formulas. At the maximum value of F1, a course of sanatorium treatment is performed: physiotherapy, swimming, psychotherapy and sodium chloride baths balneotherapy. At the maximum value of F2 - the above sanatorium treatment complex with general magnetotherapy procedures is performed. At the maximum value of F3 - the above sanatorium treatment complex with transcerebral magnetotherapy procedures is performed. At the maximum value of F4 - the above sanatorium treatment complex with general and transcerebral magnetotherapy procedures is performed.EFFECT: possibility of individual selection of sanatorium treatment tactics for patients with AH of degree 1, stages I and II, increased efficiency of treatment due to evaluation of the most significant indicators of central hemodynamics and blood pressure.1 tbl, 4 ex

Determination of characteristics of object flow moved in element // 2622447
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a light emitting unit configured to emit light in the element direction, a light detection unit, arranged to capture light scattered back to the element, an optical unit adapted to spatial separation of the light incidence portion of the element from the portion of the light detection element. The optical unit comprises a light path separation element which is adapted to divide the emitted light path and the backscattered path, and a determination unit configured to determine the flow characteristics of the object based on light indicating the emitted light and the detected backscattered light. The method is carried out by means of the device.EFFECT: use of inventions allows to increase the sensitivity of measurement by improving the signal-to noise ratio.13 cl, 4 dwg
 
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