Haberdashery and jewellery (A44)

A   Human necessities(308424)
A44            Haberdashery; jewellery(678)
ethod for growing high-temperature monocrystals by sinelnikov-dziov's method // 2626637
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method involves melting the initial charge in the crucible and the subsequent growth of the single crystal with a seed while cooling the melt and then cooling the grown single crystal, while the crucible is made of a refractory material with a melting point above 2300°C the formulator with convection in the bottom and discharge in the side parts of the slits, the polycrystalline material or polycrystal obtained by melting in a cold crucible or fragments of a single crystal of the corresponding oxide is used as the initial charge, and the growth of single crystals is carried out at a rate from 0.5 to 4 mm/H.EFFECT: improving the quality of grown single crystals, the variety of forms obtained while reducing material and time costs, the possibility of growing single crystals both doped and without impurities.16 cl, 9 ex

Coin // 2624715
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: in a round coin with a toothed cylindrical head, the length of the diameter of the circumference of its outer contour and the number of identical teeth placed evenly along the edge correspond to the value of the coin.EFFECT: emission benefit increases and the identification of the coin is simplified, it is ensured that it can be used by people with poor eyesight.1 dwg
Closing jewelery connection and decorative element for this connection // 2622807
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: jewelery lock connection contains a base for placing the decorative element and a decorative element being replaceable. The base is made in the form of two interlocking slats, one of which is rotatable with respect to the other and is provided with an end position lock. The end sections of the other bar are made in the form of vertically oriented with respect to the slats of the side walls, each of which is provided with a shaped groove open on one side. The decorative element is provided with rods located on one axis and on both sides of the decorative element. The end portion of each rod is made in the form of a head.EFFECT: increasing the reliability of fixing the decorative element while simplifying the process of its installation and dismantling.2 cl, 3 dwg

Jewellery set, composite jewellery and method of connection of jewellery included into composite jewellery set // 2620242
FIELD: decorative arts.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in jewelry industry. Jewelry set includes a ring (1) and earrings (2) forming together a single composite piece of jewelry with the help of the fastening element. The ring (1) on the shank (1.2) has holes (1.1) in which a chain (3), strap, ribbon, or band for transformation into a pendant may be put through. The fixing element which is disposed on the back side edges of the earring base consists of a base and a tip. The base is made on the basis of a cylinder, and the tip is formed on the basis of a sphere. Composite Jewelry set includes a ring (1) and earrings (2) forming together a single composite piece of jewelry with the help of the fastening element which is located at the earring base back side edges (2). Method of connection of jewellery included into the composite jewellery set comprises a connection of the ring (1) and earrings (2) with each other. The earring (2) is mounted into the ring (1) shank (1.2) on one side, the second earring (2) is mounted on the other side of the shank (1.2), then the ring (1) is rolled over the tip (1.3) downwards and shank (1.2) upwards. When installing the earring (2) into the ring (1) shank (1.2) the earring (2) is rolled over with the base upper part with a fastener downwards and set down, placing a fastener in the tip (1.3) of the ring (1).EFFECT: simplified jewelry assembly into set and converting it into a pendant.7 cl, 7dwg

Jewelry // 2620240
FIELD: personal items.SUBSTANCE: jewelry item consists of a suspension in the form an elongated oval formed by two closed branches, with the opening between them. A holder with a rotating axis is located in the opening with different forms of inserts on the opposite sides. The ends of the axis are fixed to the branches of the body. The holder is fixed in a transverse position to the symmetry axis of the suspension holder. One end of the lock is straight and hinged on one of the branches of the body, the other end of the lock is L-shaped, is detachably connected to the other branch of the suspension. The lock is located on the back side of the suspension body, on the same side of the body are a pair of lugs in the upper part of the suspension. The item also includes the base for the suspension.EFFECT: simpler design of the decoration, more convenient replacement of inserts.5 cl, 7 dwg

Adjustable sensor device for reading physiological parameters // 2618296
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: sensor device comprises a strap, including, at least, one sensor for measuring the physiological parameter at the inner wrist side of the human body or the animal, and a signal processing unit for processing the measurement output data received from the said, at least, one sensor. The said strap is configured to provide an adjustable attachment to the said signal processing unit at the both ends of the said strap.EFFECT: exact locating the sensor on an inner wrist side of the animal or the human body.11 cl, 6 dwg

Ring // 2617381
FIELD: personal items.SUBSTANCE: ring (1) is comprised of at least one apex (2) defining the buildable space (2a), and includes angular sector (3) arranged circumferentially adjacent to each other and in effect inside the aforementioned apex (2). The angular sectors (3) are adapted to be at least partially positioned in the said buildable space (2a) and can be moved along radial slide shafts determining the compressed configuration, wherein the said angular sectors (3) define the inner diameter of the minimum value of the said rings ( 1), and the said angular sectors (3) are nearly in mutual contact, and at least one extended configuration, wherein the said angular sectors (3) define the inner diameter of the maximum value of the said ring (1). The ring includes at least one guide (4) designed to allow the said angular sectors (3) to slide on the said slide shaft. At least one guide (4) includes a lock (4b), which an axially positioned rod. The retainer (4b) is attached to at least one apex (2) and at least one engagement tooth (4a) extending from the said angular sectors (3) and adapted to slide on the said holding fixture (4b). The manufacturing method (1), wherein the holding latch (4b) is fixed to the apex (2) by welding the rod parts of a larger size than the axial dimension of the ring (1), and then the bar is cut off.EFFECT: ring is convenient to use, and can be adapted to fingers of different size.12 cl, 6 dwg
Polycrystalline synthetic jewelry material (versions) and method of its production // 2613520
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: creating a polycrystalline jewelry material from coloured transparent or translucent oxide ceramics with dopants is proposed. The material consists of oxidic compounds which are represented by yttrium-aluminium garnet or magnesium aluminium spinel, for dying which ions of transition and rare earth metals: zinc, iron, vanadium, chromium, manganese, nickel, cobalt, titanium, neodymium, europium, terbium, ytterbium, holmium, erbium, thulium - are used. The method of manufacturing transparent or translucent ceramic comprises the stages of obtaining a powder mixture and annealing the components, hot uniaxial/cold isostatic pressing, hot isostatic pressing and heat treatment.EFFECT: wider colour range of samples and possibility of obtaining colour effects caused by the activator concentration variable as per the pattern or the crystalline phases are achieved, the cost of goods is much less in comparison with the use of single-crystal material.5 cl, 4 tbl, 2 ex

Swivel bracelet // 2611293
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: swivel bracelet (100) includes the first element (6) pivotally connected to the second element (9) by the third swivel (8) along the axis (D). Compensating element (1) is enclosed between the said first and second elements (6, 9) to prevent any direct contact between the said elements radially to the said axis (D), and to limit their relative angular displacement. Compensating element (1) is made as a single piece from a resilient material and comprises at least one first extensible and compressible thickening (3) at the first end, and at least one second extensible and compressible thickening (4) at the second end, on each side of the central extensible layer (2). The said first thickening (3) and the said second thickening (4) extend relatively to the said layer (2) and have a cross section larger than the cross section of the said layer (2) in a plane extending perpendicular to the said axis (D). Also we offer watches comprising the said swivel bracelet.EFFECT: depreciation of relative movements between bracelet links, which ensures protecting and reducing noise when striking or rubbing one element against the other.19 cl, 22 dwg
ethod for wire wrapping gemstones // 2610862
FIELD: jewelry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wire wrapping gemstones. Method for wire wrapping gemstones involves the following: hook is used to form a bowl-shaped wire frame fot the gemstone, whein its side parts and its face are partially wrapped and have a delicate weaving around them, then the stone is placed into the formed frame. Method uses a single uncut piece of wire to form the frame; row consisting of chain stitches is woven, when the required length is achieved, the row is locked to form a circle, thus completing the first row of the woven frame for the stone. Then, following the above procedure, the rest of the rows are woven along the circumference of the stone, the number of the rows being not more than five; a bowl-shaped frame is formed as a result, one end of the wire is on one side of it and the other end of the working wire is on the other side. Then the bowl-shaped frame is turned inside out and after that the gemstone is place inside the frame. Then the wire frame is tightly wrapped around the bottom and side parts of the gemstone, partially covering the face side of the gemstone, remaining end of the wire is cut off, then the cut end of the wire is pulled through the adjacent loop onto the reverse side, then it is used to form the delicate weaving, pulling another loop through the first loop using the hook. All the loops of the second or third row are lifted, starting from the face side the gemstone, bending the loops by 90 degrees, so that they are parallel to the surface, onto where the stone will be placed. Weaving to the center of the gemstone is performed at the reverse side of the gemstone by pulling the end of the wire in an opposite direction, catching the end loop of the first row and pulling it in the downward direction, then it is repeated for the same end of the wire, but from left to right and at the end of the wire a knot is made.EFFECT: simplified and faster process of weaving without seams and joints, as well as possibility to remove the wrapped stone.1 cl, 9 dwg

Object containing area of its surface suitable for displaying of plurality of images // 2609220
FIELD: image forming devices.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to object containing its surface area suitable for plurality of images displaying. Each of these images can be visible from separate direction so, that during viewing of one of images other image are not visible and do not prevent visibility of observed image. Flat area contains multiple recesses with small texture, uniformly distributed on area surface. Every recess has multiple side edges (1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, 1.1.4), at least one edge on image. Every edge (1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, 1.1.4) is connected either to first level of light, or to level of light, different from first one. Edges (1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, 1.1.4), which determine image and connected to first level of light, have similar orientation and inclined relative to surface, on which recess is arranged, and this orientation differs from orientation of edges (1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, 1.1.4) of another separate image.EFFECT: enabling higher protection against counterfeit.18 cl, 9 dwg

Composite element, for example coin // 2608290
FIELD: money.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a cash currency circulation coin and a method of its production. Coin comprises outer ring (2), two inserts (4, 6) laid one onto the other and arranged inside external ring (2), at least one intermediate layer arranged between the two inserts. External ring (2) and two inserts (4, 6) are made from materials with multilayer coatings. Each insert (4, 6) has a surface with two opposite sides and an outer peripheral surface. External ring (2) and each of inserts (4, 6) are attached together by means of multiple cavities formed on the outer peripheral surfaces of the inserts. Each cavity is made in the form of a hole on the outer peripheral surface. Holes are inclined relative to the direction of laying the inserts, and the holes are inclined relative to a plane coplanar to the said opposite sides. Three main components and the intermediate layer can be turned into a single structure by an impact force during coinage or stamping.EFFECT: better protection against counterfeiting.18 cl, 7 dwg

Zipper element and alloy for production thereof // 2607971
FIELD: clothes.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses an alloy for a zipper element, which is expressed by general formula FeaCbMnc (where a, b, c denote content in wt%, a – balance, b ≤ 0.3, c ≤0.6, and unavoidable impurities can be present).EFFECT: present invention discloses an alloy for a zipper element, having excellent processibility, wear resistance, strength and reduced weight and enabling to produce corrosion-resistant zipper.6 cl, 8 dwg, 4 tbl
Jewelry item and method of it making // 2607966
FIELD: jewelry industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to jewelry industry. Jewelry item comprises base made of precious metal, setting shape and type of jewelry item, and insert of wood, placed in base. Base is made in form of rim frame with perimeter frame, bearing insert fasteners and bottom part, recessed relative to said frame and made through or with through gaps. Insert is made in form of plate with at least face side, on which there is wood painting under lacquer, rear side of insert is placed resting on bottom part of frame and is fixed along perimeter. Method of making said jewelry item is also disclosed.EFFECT: higher durability of jewelry item with wooden insert is provided.7 cl, 4 dwg

Gem stone frame fastening in stone // 2607776
FIELD: jewelry industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to jewelry industry. Carcass fastener comprises, at least, two parts, forming base with gluing. At least, one of base parts contains, at least, one recess, each of which is made with through hole, and in each of recesses jewel element is arranged, made in form of jewelery insert encase into metal, made with pin in jewelery element lower part. Pin is inserted into recess through hole and rigidly attached to fastening element from base part other side, made with lateral dimension, exceeding recess through hole diameter, which prevents jewelry element falling out of recess after attachment. At least, one of base parts is made with grooves and/or recesses on glued surface, in assembled state providing hidden arrangement of jewelry article base bearing frame elements inside them, as well as jewelry elements fasteners and pins.EFFECT: improved operational characteristics of jewelry article due to jewelry article increased fastening strength in base, with simultaneous provision of hidden from view base frame fastening with jewelry element in jewelry article.7 cl, 14 dwg
Decorative inserts production composition // 2606324
FIELD: furniture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to content of decorative inserts production compositions, which can be used in production of furniture, interior items, imitation jewelry. Decorative inserts production composition contains particles of amber, binder, wherein binder contains white portland cement and additionally water and sodium methyl siliconate or sodium ethyl siliconate in following ratio of components, wt%: amber particles with fraction of 1–5 mm 44–54; white portland cement 30–35; water 15–20; sodium methyl siliconate or sodium ethyl siliconate 1–3.EFFECT: technical result of invention is providing environmental safety of composition.1 cl, 1 tbl

Wearable device and method of making thereof // 2605895
FIELD: personal usage items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wearable device and method of its production, relating to "smart" objects for wearing, in particular wearable electronics. Housing of wearable device comprises front body part, lower body part and electronic components. Front body part is connected to lower body part in upward-downward direction. Front body part and lower body part confine space, forming watertight cavity. Body includes electronic components located in cavity. Electronic components contain printed circuit board and battery, which are electrically connected. Printed circuit board has wireless data transmission unit and at least one type of sensors. Lower body part has two contacts for charging, formed on outer side of body part and electrically connected with electronic components.EFFECT: possibility to use of device in conditions of moisture and in contact with water is provided.14 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for velcro performing // 2604585
FIELD: personal use and household items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fancy goods and can be used for production of fasteners for clothes, leather garments, shoes, and other elements between each other. Said technical result is achieved due to, that disclosed is method of making velcro, characterized by performing fastener consisting of top and bottom of substrates, on mating sides of which are hooks, characterized by that, hooks are formed in form of vertical rods, at the ends of which grips are made in form of star, consisting, at least, of three beams, wherein hook beams are formed inclined downwards to substrate.EFFECT: low labor input in making (required equipment for only one type of strip), improved design (tape can be connected with itself), pile tissues do not stick to velcro and does not damage it.1 cl, 4 dwg

Adjustable link // 2602958
FIELD: manufacturing technology; personal usage items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an adjustable link for a bracelet or a wrist joint. Adjustable link (1) for a bracelet contains first half (2) and second half (3) of the link, which are movable in the longitudinal direction due to interaction of guides and additional guides and are fixed due to interaction of stopers and additional stoppers. First half (2) of the link comprises a longitudinal pin with fasteners (24) having radial return elastic facilities displacing between the folded and the unfolded positions. Second half (3) of the link comprises longitudinal channel (33) for that pin to pass only in one of those folded and unfolded positions, next to channel (33). Additional fasteners are made with the possibility of interaction in at least one fixing position with the said fasteners (24) in the other of the said folded and unfolded positions. Fasteners (24) and additional fasteners together determine at least two of those separated in the longitudinal direction fixing positions. Connecting and fixing element is made in the form of tubular element (28) forming return elastic facilities able to take various positions between the compressed position and the free, extended position. In the compressed position under the action of applied compressive force or during a relative movement between second half (3) of the link and first half (2) of the link, when element (28) is compressed due to additional bearing surface of second half (3) of the link, element (28) is retained inside boundary surface (27). Also proposed are a clasp, a watch, a bracelet, which include the said adjustable links.EFFECT: provided is the possibility to exclude special tools when using the adjustable mechanism, which remains concealed, ease of control, excluded loss of a bracelet.21 cl, 18 dwg

Strap // 2601939
FIELD: clothes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a strap for securing a garment or article (for example, swimming goggles) to a wearer's/user's body. Strap comprises first portion (1) having tensioner end (2), tensioner end including and terminating at tensioner (3). Strap further comprises second portion (4) comprising clip end (5), clip end including and terminating at clip (6).EFFECT: second portion passes through tensioner and clip is releasably securable onto second portion.15 cl, 14 dwg

Obtained by chemical deposition from vapor phase monocrystalline synthetic diamond materials, which have uniform colour // 2595671
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of coloured diamonds, which can be used in optics and for jewelry purposes. Monocrystalline CVD-synthetic diamond material comprises multiple layers, which includes at least two groups of layers differ in their defects composition and colour, wherein type of defects, concentration of defects and thickness of layers for each of said at least two layers are such that if coloured monocrystalline CVD diamond material is processed into diamond with round brilliant cut, containing platform and culet and having depth from platform to culet of more than 1 mm, then diamond with round brilliant cut has uniform colour when viewed with naked eye of person in standard surrounding observation conditions in, at least, direction through platform to culet; said, at least, two groups of layers contain first group of layers containing alloying admixture of boron in concentration sufficient for producing blue colour, and second group of layers containing lower concentration of alloying admixture of boron, first group of layers contains not compensated dopant of boron in concentration of not less than 0.01 ppm and not more than 5.00 ppm, and second group of layers contains dopant of insulating replacement nitrogen in concentration of not less than 0.01 ppm and not more than 5 ppm, wherein visibility quality indicator (FM) of individual layers is not more than 0.15 and is calculated as product of: FM = thickness (mm) of layers for first set of layers × thickness (mm) layers for second set of layers × concentration (ppm) of solid-state boron in first group of layers × depth (mm) of round brilliant cut.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain uniform blue colour diamonds with high growth rate.14 cl, 6 dwg

Decorated enamel part // 2588466
FIELD: personal hygiene items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to clock devices, jewellery and precious stones. Enamel face part consists of ceramic substrate coated with first enameled layer. Part includes one more, other enamel layer, partially covering first enamel layer. Other enamel layer at least partially coated with metal-coated layer. Invention also relates to clock mechanism and method of making enamelled part.EFFECT: higher quality is enabled due to uniform reflecting power irrespective of illumination.15 cl, 8 dwg

ethod of increasing size of diamonds // 2585634
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of synthetic diamonds and can be used as nuclear radiation detectors in fast particle counters, as well as in jewelry. Method involves depositing carbon on seed crystals of diamonds during their heating in vacuum, seed crystals pre-fixed on surface of a polished monocrystalline silicon plates coated with a layer of polyvinyl acetate, after which silicon plate is heated with electric potential shift 80 in vacuum, then methane is supplied at pressure 10-30 Torr and curing at a temperature of 1,170±20 °C with cyclic pumping of reaction products and feed fresh methane.EFFECT: technical result consists in significant increase of initial diamond crystals in group process over a considerably shorter process cycle.1 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex

ethod of processing monocrystalline cvd-diamond and the obtained product // 2580916
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing monocrystalline CVD-diamond material. Described is a method for introducing NV-centres in monocrystalline CVD-diamond material. One stage of the method involves irradiating the diamond material, which contains a single replacing nitrogen Ns 0, for introducing isolated vacancies in the diamond material in the concentration 0.05-1 ppm. Other stage includes annealing irradiated diamond material at temperature of 700-900 °C to form NV-centres from at least some of the defects of single substituent nitrogen and introduced isolated vacancies.EFFECT: this processing of diamond material maximises obtaining of NV-centres, minimising other undesirable defects, which enables to use it in spintronic and associated with colour applications, in particular, for using in fancy pale-rose synthetic precious stones or coloured filters.16 cl, 7 dwg, 12 tbl

Plug lock for connection of linear elements and leash for animals with such plug lock // 2579335
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a plug lock (10) for connection of flexible and/or rigid linear elements (43, 44) with an insert part (11) and a receiving part (12), and for mounting the releasable connection of the insert part (11) with the receiving part (12) a compound (14) is provided, having a form closure for transmission of tractive force. The plug lock (10) is characterized in that the fixation (13, 25) is provided, which is separate from the compound (14) with form closure, to prevent unwanted disengagement of the compound (14) with form closure, and the fixation (13, 25) has a drive mechanism (33) to disconnect the fixation (13, 25).EFFECT: prevention of unwanted disconnection of the insert part from the receiving part, including at a higher traction forces, and at the same time providing a simple service capability and cost-effective production.18 cl, 12 dwg

Watch bracelet with ceramic links // 2578987
FIELD: jewellery industry.SUBSTANCE: intended for use in clock and jewellery industry. Insert for fixing element of ceramic link of bracelet, jewellery item or clock, wherein said link has at least one first seat for receiving end of fixing element or pin, having at least one end. Insert comprises outer mechanically machined surface to interact with said first seat and inner mechanically machined surface having at least one essentially cylindrical support section for tight receiving end of fixing element or pin. Diameter of support section is less than diameter of said end. Packaged link comprises said link and said insert fixed in groove. Bracelet comprises multiple complete lateral links, in which are detachably fitted fixing elements with tension. Bracelet comprises intermediate links, installed with possibility of free rotation relative to fixing elements or relative to pins arranged to turn in packaged links.EFFECT: preventing weakening of ceramic material, as well as ease of dismantling without damage of ceramic links.20 cl, 10 dwg

Composite material containing precious metal, method of producing and using said material // 2578305
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composite material containing precious metals, and method for its production. Composite material contains an alloy of gold and aluminium and boron-based ceramics with melting point higher than that of gold, and density at most equal to 4 g/cm3. Gold and aluminium alloy is infiltrated into a ceramic, and concentration of aluminium in composite material is at most 20 wt% of total weight of composite material, preferably at most 5 wt% of total weight of composite material. Method for producing said composite material includes a step of sintering, which includes at least partial sintering of a porous preform consisting of said ceramics and a step for infiltration in which said porous preform is impregnated with said alloy under pressure of 10 to 200 bar, preferably from 75 to 150 bar. Said composite material is used as material for production of watches and for making jewellery.EFFECT: providing a composite material with low density and high hardness.18 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex

Cvd-obtained monocrystalline diamond material // 2575205
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of obtaining monocrystalline, obtained by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) synthetic diamond material, which can be used as quantum sensors, optic filters, parts of tools for mechanical processing and initial material for formation of coloured precious stones. Diamond material has the total nitrogen concentration immediately after growing, equal or higher than 5 ppm, and uniform distribution of defects, which is determined by one or more of the following characteristics: (i) the total concentration of nitrogen, when it is presented by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) on the area, equal or larger than 50×50 mcm, with application of analysis area of 10 mcm or smaller, possesses pointwise variation less than 30% of the average value of the total nitrogen concentration, or when it is presented by means of SIMS on the area, equal or larger than 200×200 mcm, with application of analysis area 60 mcm or smaller, possesses pointwise variation less than 30% of the average value of the total nitrogen concentration; (ii) concentration of nitrogen-vacancy defects (NV) immediately after growing equals or is higher than 50 ppb, when measured with application of measurements of UV-visible absorption at 77 K, wherein nitrogen-vacancy defects are uniformly distributed throughout diamond material in such a way that in case of excitation with application of source of laser radiation with wavelength 514 nm with spot size equal or smaller than 10 mcm at room temperature with application of 50 mW laser, operating in continuous mode, and presented on the area, equal or larger than 50×50 mcm, with data interval less than 10 mcm, there is low pointwise variation, ratio of areas of intensities of nitrogen-vacancy peaks of photoluminescence between regions of high photoluminescence intensity and regions of low photoluminescence intensity constitutes less than 2 for either photoluminescence peak (NV0) at 575 nm or photoluminescence peak (NV-) at 637 nm; (iii) variation in Raman intensity is such that at excitation with application of source of laser radiation with wavelength 514 nm (resulting in Raman peak at 552.4 nm) with spot size equal or smaller than 10 mcm, at room temperature with application of 50 mW laser, operating in continuous mode, and presented on area, equal or larger than 50×50 mcm, with data interval less than 10 mcm, there is low pointwise variation, wherein ratio of areas of Raman peaks between regions of low Raman intensity and high Raman intensity constitutes less than 1.25; (iv) concentration of nitrogen-vacancy defects (NV) immediately after growing equals or is larger than 50 ppb when measured with application of measurements of UV-visible absorption at 77 K, wherein at excitation with application of source of laser radiation with wavelength 514 nm with spot size, equal or smaller than 10 mcm, at 77 K with application of 50 mW laser, operating in continuous mode, intensity at 575 nm, corresponding to NV0, more than 120 times exceeds Raman intensity at 552.4 nm, and/or intensity at 637 nm, corresponding to NV-, more than 200 times exceeds Raman intensity at 552.4 nm; (v) concentration of single nitrogen substitution defects (Ns) equals or is larger than 5 ppm, wherein single nitrogen substitution defects are uniformly distributed throughout monocrystalline, CVD-obtained, synthetic diamond material, so that with application of characteristic infrared absorption at 1344 cm-1 and with selection of area larger than area 0.5 mm2, variation, obtained by division of standard deviation by mean value, constitutes less than 80%; (vi) variation in intensity of red luminescence, determined by means of standard deviation, divided by mean value, constitutes less than 15%; (vii) mean standard deviation in concentration of neutral single substitution nitrogen constitutes less than 80%; and (viii) intensity of colouration, measured with application of histogram of image, obtained by microscopy, with mean brightness level larger than 50, wherein intensity of colouration is homogeneous throughout monocrystalline synthetic diamond material, so that variation in gray colour, characterised by standard deviation of brightness level, divided by mean value of brightness level, constitutes less than 40%.EFFECT: diamond material has high and homogeneous distribution of common nitrogen defects, single nitrogen substitution defects Ns, nitrogen-vacancy defects NV, does not have banding under photoluminescence conditions, homogeneity is achieved throughout entire diamond material, grown in the course of one cycle and from cycle to cycle of growing.20 cl, 8 dwg, 5 tbl

Personal adornment // 2573953
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: personal adornment comprises a carrying element; a jewellery element located inside the frame at a distance from the carrying element; and the connection between the carrying element and the jewellery element in a position above the centre of gravity of the jewellery element, so that the jewellery element is able to perform rocking in accordance with the movement of the adornment wearer. The connection connects the body of the jewellery element with the carrying element or connects the retaining element of the decorative element on which the body of the decorative element is fixed with the carrying element. The connection comprises an element of the first ring mounted on the jewellery element; an element of the second ring, which is connected to the element of the first ring and which is mounted on the carrying element; an element of the third ring mounted on the jewellery element in the same position in the gravity direction as the first ring; an element of the fourth ring, which is connected to the element of the third ring and which is mounted on the carrying element in the same position in the direction of gravity as the second ring. The contact points of the first ring and the third ring with the adornment are between the edge of the upper part and the centre of gravity of the jewellery element. The carrying element supports several jewellery elements in different positions in the columns or rows, and several connections of several jewellery elements provide connection of the carrying element and the jewellery element in the upwards position relative to the centre of gravity of the corresponding jewellery element. Several connections of several jewellery elements connect the carrying element and the jewellery element in different positions in the columns. When several jewellery elements are placed in different positions in the columns or rows, it is possible to arrange them so that the adjacent jewellery elements contact with each other and rock together as a result of mutual influence.EFFECT: rocking and vibration of several decorative elements is provided as a result of mutual influence.12 cl, 13 dwg

Coin (counter) with pattern // 2571949
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to coins and can be used in production of, primarily, coins and memorable counters. The coin (counter) with patter comprises the metal body and recess for module with electronic circuit. Coin body and said module are interconnected. Said pattern represents a video image. Said module comprises the screen and solar battery. Electronic circuit comprises elements for supply of said display from solar cells and elements for data storage and display on said screen.EFFECT: display of preloaded video images, extra protection against counterfeit.20 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of producing of medals, coins and tokens out of metals or alloys plastic during cold working // 2570862
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: after preliminary compression of the blank surface layers its cold plastic deformation is performed by press stamps. At that die stamping of the polished local decors is performed , their negative image is made on the work surfaces of the stamps and is polished. Simultaneously with die stamping on surface of the blank of the said decors on part of their polished surfaces the markings are made. Negative images of the said markings are made of the stamp by micro engraving using the laser equipment with software. The positive image of the markings is identified on surfaces of the polished decors of the item using the magnifying optical devices.EFFECT: high capacity without metal losses process of marking of the items made with decor, that complies with the requirements of artistic and hoarding attraction.5 cl, 2 dwg

Precious stone from natural diamond and process related therewith // 2570494
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to processing of crude precious stone of natural diamond shaped to octahedron to produce at least one precious stone. Claimed process consists in that the crude stone is split to octahedron and, then, split along some number of faces, each being parallel with the octahedron face.EFFECT: minimised labour input, maximised yield.5 cl, 6 dwg

Decoration // 2568401
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a decoration with a swinging part. The decoration comprises a holder for holding the decoration element; a frame suspended at a particular point or on a particular element; a first element comprising a circular or arcuate curved part attached to the frame; a second element comprising a circular or arcuate curved part attached to the holder and engaged with the first curved part; a third element comprising a circular or arcuate curved part attached to the frame at a certain distance from the first element, a fourth element comprising a circular or arcuate curved part attached to the holder at a certain distance from the second element, at that the second and the fourth elements are attached to the holder so that the front surface of the decoration part has a position facing upwards at about 5-45 degrees relative to the direction of gravity force, the first and second contact points are located in the upper position of the direction of gravity force relative to the common centre of gravity of the decoration part and the holder.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is enhancement of the decorative effect of the swinging part of the decoration.10 cl, 6 dwg

Decoration // 2566315
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: decoration comprises a base with holes for a closing rod, a detachable decorative element, a decorative insert and a substrate, equipped with a cylindrical ledge with a radial slot and a closing rod. The external edge of the cylindrical ledge of the substrate is equipped with tabs radially facing outside for interaction with a cylindrical groove of a base. The base comprises a cylindrical groove, capable of holding the cylindrical ledge of the substrate, at the external edge of the groove there is a circular narrowing with through radial bores, capable of letting through the radial tabs of the substrate. The closing rod is equipped with a tooth protruding via a slot in the groove bottom and made as capable of insertion into a radial slot in the cylindrical ledge of the substrate after the substrate and the base are matched to each other, and are turned in respect to each other.EFFECT: reliable fixation of a decorative element to a base.3 cl, 12 dwg

Device and method of actuation of movable elements of adornments and adornment worn on human body // 2565223
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of jewellery industry, and more specifically to adornments worn on the human body, having a movable decorative element. The device for actuation of the movable elements of the adornments worn on the human body comprises a heat engine made with the ability to convert the temperature difference at two different points of space to the movement of the decorative element(s). An adornment is also proposed and the method of actuation of the movable elements of the adornments.EFFECT: possibility is provided to reduce the size of the overall dimensions of adornment with an increase in the size of the decorative element by reducing the surface area occupied by the power converter on the adornment.31 cl, 12 dwg

Adhesive tape of zipper // 2564605
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an adhesive tape of zipper. The zipper can be connected to the adhesive tape of the zipper with the formation of a zipper assembly. In accordance with embodiments of the invention, the adhesive tape of the zipper can be connected to the fabric site, such as the garment, and located around the opening. The zipper may then be used to open and close the said opening. In accordance with various embodiments, the adhesive tape of the zipper can exert its adhesive properties when applying to it an activating impact, for example, heat or air.EFFECT: improvement of the design.13 cl, 5 dwg

Fastener for jewellery or watches // 2563772
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: fastener (100) for jewellery or a watch comprises a locking structure (1) with a first recess (200). In the first recess (200) there is a first pressure element (6) and a second pressure element (7) with the ability of motion relative to each other on the first bearing surface (300) overcoming the force of elastic return means (40). The pressure elements (6, 7) are retained by at least one closing plate (8, 9) mounted with the ability to hold the closed position in the second recess (400). The fastener comprises at least one resilient locking element (10) for the closing plate (8, 9), comprising a press button (600), retained in the locking structure (1) and providing in the pressed state the movement of the closing plate (8, 9), and in the free state - fixation of the closing plate (8, 9) in the closed position by coupling of the press button (600) to the fourth recess (700). The recess (700) is formed in the closing plate (8, 9).EFFECT: reliability of the fastener operation by eliminating the accidental disconnection and elimination of backlashes between the press buttons.14 cl, 7 dwg

Jewel // 2560052
FIELD: personal appliances.SUBSTANCE: jewel comprises a number of modular units, wherein at least one of these modular units contains at least three connection points applicable for attaching to three additional modular units; each connection point is applicable to attach at least one modular element to the additional modular element. The jewel contains at least one intermediate portion arranged between the first connection point applicable to attach to the first additional modular element, and the second connection point applicable to attach to the second additional modular element from the above three connection points. The above at least one intermediate portion is configured to enclose the additional fourth element between the above additional first modular unit and the above second modular element; the above at least one modular element is attached to the above three additional units and functionally connected to the above additional fourth modular unit so as to transform the jewel from the folded configuration into the extended configuration by varying its dimensions. What is also presented is a method for combining the modular units for producing the jewel of transient size.EFFECT: providing deformation stability of the jewel.14 cl, 30 dwg

Production of single-crystal white diamond // 2558606
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of diamonds for jewelry. This process comprises placing the substrate with diamond grain of preset size and preset optical orientation into chemical vapour-phase deposition (CVD). Then, hydrogen, hydrocarbon gas containing carbon, nitrogen and gas including diborane are fed into the chamber. Both are adapted for acceleration of diamond growth on said substrate. Electric field is applied to form plasma nearby said substrate to cause stepwise diamond growth thereat. CVD process is terminated in the chamber, faceting is performed and undesirable diamond is removed from grown diamond. Diamond is cleaned and facetted after annealing at preset temperature for preset time interval. Fining faceting of diamond is performed, it is finished and dyed.EFFECT: white diamonds (G and H) with, practically, no defects.13 cl, 10 dwg

Controlled formation of dislocations in monocrystalline synthetic diamond material // 2550197
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of monocrystalline diamond material by chemical vapour deposition (CVD), which is used in optical, mechanical, fluorescent and/or electronic devices. A diamond layer contains a mesh of nonparallel intercrossing dislocations as seen on an X-ray topographic sectional image or in conditions of a fluorescent technique, wherein the layer has thickness equal to or greater than 1 mcm; the mesh of nonparallel dislocations stretches across a volume which is at least 30% of the total volume of the diamond layer, and wherein the mesh of nonparallel dislocations contains a first set of dislocations propagating in a first direction through the diamond layer, and a second set of dislocations propagating in a second direction through the diamond layer, wherein the angle between the first and second directions is in the range of 40° to 100°, as seen on an X-ray topographic sectional image or in conditions of a fluorescent technique.EFFECT: invention enables to control the type and/or direction of dislocations in a diamond material without affecting optical and/or electronic properties of devices based on said material and optimise said properties for a specific application.12 cl, 8 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex

Wire bending device for production of filigree articles // 2546946
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to metal forming and can be used for wire bending in jewellery. Proposed device comprises bending jig and bed with end clamps for bending jig. Bending jig represents a plug-in steel single-piece plate with guide square-cross-section grooves made therein to wire laying in height making at least the wire diameter. Bases of said grooves are provided with wire retainers composed by vertical through holes in diameter equal to groove width.EFFECT: enhanced bending performances.3 cl, 4 dwg

Decorative element in hidden fixture // 2546501
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to jewellery. Decorative comprises several stones and device for their fastening. Fastener comprises a single bed produced by electric deposition and shaped to one part of said stones to allow attachment of all stones to each other without no extra force. Said single bed has at least one conducting ply to be deposited on the stones. Stone girdles are arranged abut so that single bed is invisible. Invention relates also to the method of making said element or jewellery article or to watches with said decorative element.EFFECT: higher safety of stones.20 cl, 21 dwg

Device for fastening and tightening two sections of soft strip // 2546460
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device to fastening and tightening two sections of a soft strip, in particular, two sections (15a, 15b) of a soft strip forming a belt, equipped with connection means. According to the invention, such connection means (1) contain a buckle end element (2), intended for attachment to the strip first section (15a), and the buckle side element (3) intended for interconnection with the said two elements (2, 3) of the buckle during operations of fastening and tightening by means of sequential introduction beginning from the said side element (3) of the buckle through the back aperture (9) of the said side element (3) of the buckle and the front aperture (8) of the said side element (3) of the buckle for ensuring flexion in the form of an overall S-shape with three parts (15b1, 15b2 and 15b3) overlapped on each other.EFFECT: design improvement.22 cl, 9 dwg

Button // 2546428
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to accessories manufacture. The button contains a collapsible body having a cavity and consisting of two parts with a fixture element on one of them and at least one LED mounted on the other, The LED connected to the AC supply positioned inside the cavity via conductors. There is a hole made in the part having a fixture element for pushing the AC supply from it.EFFECT: ensuring the possibility of the button use as a signal device, for example - by a visually impaired person while crossing the street; enhanced safety of the user.4 dwg

Heat-resistant synthetic jewellery material // 2545380
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to materials for the jewellery industry. A transparent, semitransparent or nontransparent composite nanocrystalline material based on nanosized oxide and silicate crystalline phases contains one of the following crystalline phases: spinel, quartz-like phases, sapphirine, enstatite, petalite-like phase, cordierite, willemite, zirconium, rutile, zirconium titanate, zirconium dioxide with content of ions of transition elements, rare-earth elements and precious metals of 0.001 to 4 mol%. One of the crystalline phases is additionally quartz-like solid solutions of lithium magnesium zinc aluminosilicates with a virgilite structure of the following composition, mol%: SiO2 - 45-72; Al2O3 - 15-30; MgO - 0.1-23.9; ZnO - 0.1-29; Li2O - 1-18; PbO - 0.1-7.0; ZrO2 - 0.1-10; TiO2 - 0.1-15; NiO - 0.001-4.0; CoO - 0.001-3.0; CuO - 0.001-4.0; Cr2O3 - 0.001-1.0; Bi2O3 - 0.001-3.0; Fe2O3 - 0.001-3.0; MnO2 - 0.001-3.0; CeO2 - 0.001-3.0; Nd2O3 - 0.001-3.0; Er2O3 - 0.001-3.0; Pr2O3 - 0.001-3.0; Au - 0.001-1.0.EFFECT: invention increases heat resistance and reduces the coefficient of thermal expansion.2 tbl

Device for tie attachment to shirt // 2544823
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use for fixation of ties, scarves and neckerchiefs. The device for attachment of a tie to a shirt consists of three clamps and a flexible joint. The first clamp is attached to the bottom end of the flexible joint along or at an angle to it with the clamping device turned upwards to attachment to the tie inside. The second clamp is attached to the top end of the flexible joint perpendicular or at an angle to it and is designed so that to enable through passage of the tie knot from the inside. The third clamp for attachment to the shirt central strip is positioned perpendicular or at an angle to the flexible joint with the clamping device turned to the left. The third clamp is equipped with a ring or hole ensuring the possibility of free motion along the flexible joint.EFFECT: limiting the tie mobility in case of a gust of wind or bowing.4 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of obtaining fancy light-blue or fancy light greenish blue monocrystalline cvd-diamond and obtained product // 2540624
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of producing coloured diamond materials, which can be applied as precious stones or cutting instruments. Method includes stages of growing monocrystalline diamond material in accordance with CVD-technology, with diamond material having concentration of single substituting nitrogen atoms [Ns 0] less than 1 ppm; initial CVD-diamond material is colourless, or, in case it is not colourless, then, according to colour gradation brown or yellow, and if it is brown according to colour gradation, then it has level G (brown) of colour gradation or better for diamond stone with 0.5 carat weight with round diamond cut, and if it is yellow according to colour gradation, it has level T (yellow) of colour gradation or better for diamond stone with 0.5 carat weight with round diamond cut, and irradiation of initial CVD-diamond by electrons to introduce isolated vacancies into diamond material in such a way that product of the total concentration of vacancies × way length [Vt]×L, in irradiated diamond material at said stage or after additional processing after irradiation, including annealing irradiated diamond material at temperature at least 300°C and not higher than 600°C, constitutes at least 0.072 ppm cm and not more than 0.36 ppm cm.EFFECT: diamond material becomes fancy light-blue or fancy light greenish blue in colour.21 cl, 4 dwg, 3 tbl, 9 ex

Diamond faceting // 2537278
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in production of jewellery. Proposed method consists in diamond site shaping to cone with cone generatrix angle to girdle plane. Diamond faceting features the following parameters: diamond diameter D, total height H=0.61D, cone base d=0.52D, girdle depth r=0.04D, top height with girdle h1=0.22D, bottom height to girdle h2,=0.39D, inclination of top faces to girdle plane 23.5°, bottom inclination to girdle plane 38.5°, cone generatrix inclination to girdle - 17°.EFFECT: perfected diamond dye play.1 dwg

Device for protection of baggage having first outer zipper and second inner zipper // 2533702
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: device for protection of baggage comprises a first outer zipper having a plurality of first teeth, and the second inner zipper having a plurality of second teeth. The inner and outer zippers are arranged in the immediate vicinity one above the other, and first and second teeth of the inner and outer zippers are, respectively, in contact under pressure from outside, applied to the outer zipper by means of a tip or a pointed tool. And when the pressure from outside by means of a tip or a pointed tool is attached to the outer zipper, the first teeth come in contact with the second teeth and rest on the inner zipper that protects against penetration of the tip or the pointed tool and prevents displacement of the first teeth down under pressure from outside from the side of the tip or the pointed tool.EFFECT: improvement of design.15 cl, 8 dwg

Pin holder for piercing instrument // 2531743
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to instruments and methods for design piercing of various parts of the body. Object of the invention is configuring an instrument and a system for design piercing, which provide a simple, accurate, repeatable and safe piercing procedure. What is presented is a pin holder having on one of the ends a cylindrical hole used to hold a decorative element of the piercing pin. A wall of the cylindrical hole of the pin holder also comprises at least one wall hole meshed to a specific point on the decorative element of the pin. The pin holder provides the more stable effort to pin holding in the normal range of production tolerances, thereby achieving a reliability of the pin holding in manipulations and piercing and a comfortable detachment of the pin.EFFECT: object of the invention is also a piercing instrument.20 cl, 12 dwg
 
2551399.
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