Hats and head coverings (A42B)

A   Human necessities(308424)
A42   Headwear(322)
A42B              Hats; head coverings (headbands, head-scarves a41d0020000000, a41d0023000000)(202)

Dynamic materials integrated into articles for physical permeability controlled characteristics obtainment // 2621178
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: shape change material may change shape, that affects the geometric structure of an article as a whole (for example, protrusions, hollows, vents, etc.).EFFECT: achievement of controlled physical characteristics, dynamic material can change shape in response to the heat of human body to provide additional penetration in a clothing article, a clothing article may close the vent in response to the presence of moisture, preventing the penetration of rain into the interior of this article Shape change material may change shape affecting only some constructive element made of shape change material.13 cl, 50 dwg

Headwear with rear cutout neck flap // 2609875
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is rigid neck flap for protection of variable size headwear having rear cutout. Heck flap attachment to strap, adjusting headwear size, is performed by loops, installed on neck flap outer side. During selection of headwear maximum size neck flap width must exceed rear cutout size, i.e. at maximum rear cutout opening. For occiput lower part and neck additional protection disclosed are soft and hard lower neck flaps, which are attached above said rigid neck flap, attached to adjustment strap.EFFECT: soft and hard lower neck flaps can be made both detachable and fixed.5 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of producing protective equipment // 2606870
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of protective equipment and can be used by a wide range of specialists performing various operations in summer time in open air, especially when mowing grass. It is also suitable for ordinary people having allergic reactions for poplar down or dandelion fluff. Also provided are: reduction of discomfort created by the protective equipment during its use, namely reducing the equipment weight, compactness of the equipment, ease of use. Furthermore, this protective equipment protects the user ears and neck and is suitable as a means of complete protection of all parts of the user head and neck, and can also be used as a protective equipment for ordinary people having allergic reactions for poplar down or dandelion fluff protecting against ingress of the down and fluff into the nose and mouth. Said technical result is achieved due to, that proposed is a method of producing protective equipment, in which used is a mesh covering the entire front part of the head, characterized by that the mesh is formed as per the shape around the entire head and is stretched along the length covering the neck, in the mesh there is at least one cutout made as per the glasses lenses shape, and the cutout hole edge is connected with an elastic material, in which a recess is made, the size of which is selected sufficient to be inserted with the lens end edge.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is elimination of an obstacle to the field of view created by the mesh in the prototype.12 cl, 7 dwg

Cap // 2606319
FIELD: sewing; personal usage articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sewing industry, in particular, to production of male and female and children's head wear. In cap containing rigid peak attached from below to crown, field stitched to crown from above, yarn zipping, pocket at peak, pocket has shape of curvilinear pyramid with top in crown to field stitching section on peak side. Cap is not difficult in manufacturing. Pocket at peak can be used, for example, for insertion of coupons, tickets, paper money, handkerchief.EFFECT: invention increases convenience in cap use.1 cl, 1 dwg

Hardhat // 2594556
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a hardhat. Proposed hardhat has a body (1) intended to at least partially cover the head of a person wearing this hardhat. Body (1) of the hardhat includes a front area (3), a back area (4), which is located opposite the said front area (3), two side areas (5) located opposite each other, and a lower free end edge (7). Body (1) of the hardhat has an underchin strap assembly (2) attached to it. Strap is arranged by the hardhat body (1) and intended to hold this body (1) on the head of a person wearing this hardhat. Said underchin strap assembly (2) includes an underchin strap (12) configured to move between its lower position whereat it holds the hardhat body (1) on a human head, and its upper, retracted position.EFFECT: head protection.14 cl, 6 dwg

Folding helmet // 2589626
FIELD: safety.SUBSTANCE: collapsible helmet comprises shell 1 having two or more components which are hinged together along fold lines extending across shell. Each component comprises a plurality of panels 3 with each panel being hinged to at least one adjacent panel.EFFECT: shell may be adjustable between a first configuration in which helmet may be placed over head of user and a second configuration in which said components are flattened and are arranged in a substantially overlying relationship.17 cl, 7 dwg

Opposite-plug-in cellular shock-absorber // 2575885
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shock-absorbing and energy absorbing systems and methods. The opposite-plug-in cellular shock-absorbing system contains a first sheet of elastic material, including a first binding layer and first array of empty cells, projecting from the first binding layer, each of them has a wall, and second sheet of elastic material, including a second binding layer and second array of empty cells, projecting from the second binding layer, each of them has a wall, wherein the walls of the second array of empty cells differ from the walls of the first array of empty cells, wherein the empty cells are made with the possibility of monotonous compression under load, and peak of each empty cell in the first array is in contact with the second binding layer, and peak of each empty cell in the second array is in contact with the first binding layer, wherein the empty cell in the first array is secured to the second binding layer, and the empty cell in the second array is secured to the first binding layer.EFFECT: invention ensures effective shock-absorbing and impact protection.24 cl, 22 dwg

Convertible construction of academic graduation hat // 2569840
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: convertible construction of academic graduation hat contains rectangular head of the base material and rigid lining, a coloured string ending with a tassel attached to the centre of the head with the stitching method. The band made of a base material and soft lining is connected to the head of the academic headdress using the hinge loops and buttons, and the ends of the band are closed to the ring with the Velcro tape stitched along the band ends at a distance of 0.5 mm from the edge.EFFECT: design improvement.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of production of armour helmet from laminated polymeric composites and armour helmet from laminated polymeric composites // 2564970
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: method of production of the armour helmet 1 from laminated polymeric composites, in which the layers of the outer shell 2 are formed of, for example, aramid fabric impregnated with a polymer binder, the ballistic layers 3 of nonimpregnated aramid fabric and similar outer layers of the inner shell 4, on the outer surface of the helmet the planks 12 "Picatinny" are placed. The planks 12 "Picatinny" are mounted in the frontal and side areas. The armour helmet 1 from laminated polymeric composites comprises the layers of outer shell 2 from, for example, aramid fabric impregnated with a polymer binder, the ballistic layers 3 of nonimpregnated aramid fabric and similar outer layers of the inner shell 4, and also the sleeves 9 from fibres of fabric of ballistic layers 3, impregnated with the polymer a binder, in which there are fastening elements 10 of the sub-crown device 11, moreover, the armour helmet 1 is provided with the planks 12 "Picatinny" mounted on its outer surface.EFFECT: development of more technologically sophisticated in the manufacture armour helmet with increased reliability of operation, of higher quality.6 cl, 10 dwg

Helmet with means for facilitating sliding, located in energy-absorbing layer // 2564596
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: helmet is proposed, comprising an energy-absorbing layer (2) and means (5) for facilitating sliding. In the energy absorbing layer (2) the means for facilitating sliding is located. This method comprises placing the energy absorbing layer in the mould and application of means for facilitating sliding in contact with the energy absorbing layer.EFFECT: method of manufacturing a helmet comprising the means for facilitating sliding is proposed.12 cl, 18 dwg

Armor helmet with adjustable head fastening system // 2551074
FIELD: weapon and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: armor helmet with adjustable head fastening system includes an armor hard hat and a cap comforter with dampers and a hoop made from two symmetrically located figured tapes fastened in front with step adjustment elements fitted behind with the gear laths made for one tape at the bottom edge of its oval window, for another one - on the top, being engaged with the cogwheel of the smooth adjustment mechanism located in the housing, fastened to the helmet, the cogwheel is connected to the external adjusting flywheel by the sliding-stopping drive placed in the housing barrel, the drive is designed from a flywheel axis, located in the bottom bushing of the barrel, with fixing on the end of the axis of the stopping block, for example, by flats or spline connection, and fixing of the cogwheel with a possibility of rotation, and the bushing is flanged by the metal tube made integrated with the barrel on which with a pre-load the torsion spring with short tentacles which are radially unbent outside is put on, and the cogwheel is fitted with a flange with symmetric wings, and the stopping block is fitted with the similar acting wings, and all wings are located in a ring cavity between the barrel wall and the spring with gaps between flat radial sides of wings, in these gaps the spring short tentacles are placed, and the sections of extreme rounds of the spring in front bendings are located under cogwheel wings, and the wings are embedded into the barrel on the sliding seat and with a gap with erefercne to the external surface of the spring, and besides, the short tentacle located at the free end of wings is bend to an opposite end face of the spring.EFFECT: development of an armor helmet with higher working reliability.8 cl, 9 dwg

Assessment method of protective properties of armour helmets by determining risk of under-armour contusion head injury // 2549691
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tests of personal protective equipment of a person, namely to assessment methods of protective properties of armour helmets against action of high-speed striking elements - small arms bullets and fragments formed during explosions of HE ammunition. Besides, the proposed technical solution can be related to special medical equipment. An assessment method of protective properties of armour helmets by determining risk of under-armour contusion head injury consists in action with striking elements of fire arms on an armour helmet put on a dummy head made according to anthropometric parameters of a human head and recording of consequences of action by measurement of dummy deformations. The method differs from the known ones by the fact that there measured is a value of elastic deformation of the dummy base in a direction perpendicular to the base plane, quantitative assessment of risk of under-armour contusion head injury is performed as per risk index Kr according to a chart of Kr dependence on maximum elastic deformation S of the dummy base, and the found quantitative value Kr is used as a parameter characterising protective properties of the armour helmet; with that, at value Kr of less than 0.50 an allowable risk degree is forecasted, and when Kr is equal to and more than 0.50, a high risk degree of occurrence of under-armour contusion head injury is forecasted, with that, material with elasticity modulus of 0.2 to 0.5 GPa is used as material for the dummy head base.EFFECT: method allows characterising damage to health in a certain and quantitative manner, which is related to occurrence of under-armour contusion injury at penetration of a bullet or a fragment into the armour helmet.3 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for manufacture of heat-protective camouflaging hood // 2544148
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: heat-protective camouflaging hood manufacture method envisages knitting out a unified domed hood pattern covering the pileous and the face part of the head, made of camouflaging colouration threads containing 70 - 100% of wood fibres, treatment by way of fulling in liquid medium at a temperature of 60-70°C during 30-40 minutes, forming and shape stabilisation by way of tensioning in a liquid condition on a human head mannequin of preset size and drying under natural environment conditions till complete drying out, cutting holes for eyes, mouth and ears.EFFECT: knitted out pattern shape, used raw materials, fulling process, hood formation and stabilisation on the mannequin of preset size allow to manufacture goods convenient in usage, matching the consumer's anatomical organisation and measures.4 dwg

Headwear article of natural or artificial fur with framework base // 2537822
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: headwear article of natural or artificial fur with framework base contains the framework base proper, an external layer made of a combination of natural or artificial fur and textile, a textile interlay and lining. The framework base is semi-rigid i.e. marginally flexible and removable through the top or the bottom of the headwear article so that to enable transformation into a flat shape (folding). The framework base material is represented by multiple identical wooden elements having two parallel flat surfaces (face and rear) and a thickness as the distance between the said surfaces that are interconnected with flexible links by means of through channels lying within planes that are parallel to the face and the rear surfaces. The side parts of each element contact those of the adjoining elements so that the totality of the face and rear cognominal surfaces of all the elements form the corresponding face and rear surface of the material. Each wooden element is cylindrical shaped. Its face and rear surfaces are perpendicular to the wood fibres, representing their cross-sections. The wood pores are opened on the face and rear cross-section surfaces of the elements. Envisaged is the possibility of the framework base transformation within the range from a cylindrical or truncated conic to the said flat shape. The gap between the interlay and the lining corresponds to the framework base thickness so that to enable detachable placement of the latter in the said gap.EFFECT: improved operational characteristics.2 cl, 8 dwg

Protective helmet // 2533353
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety equipment, more specifically, to means for protection of a human's head against impacts. The protective helmet contains a body and a damping liner made of foam plastic and having a cellular structure in its upper part; the cells of the damping liner are of the through type, their surface shaped as pyramidal frustrum; major holes of the cells are made on the liner side that is adjacent to the body with parabola-shaped cut-outs made in the partitions of the liner upper part cells.EFFECT: solution allows to increase the helmet wearing comfort due to improvement of air circulation between the head and the ambient environment without detriment to the helmet protective characteristics.2 cl, 4 dwg

Heat-reflecting helmet with water-cooling // 2464921
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to personal protective equipment. Heat-reflecting helmet with water-cooling, comprising inner and outer surfaces with cavities between them. On the outer surface of the helmet the screening heat-reflecting segments are mounted. The inner surface is made perforated with a hole diameter of 1 mm, and on the outer surface, in its central part, an opening is made, in which a flexible hose is rigidly attached, the other end of which is tightly fixed in the cavity of the ball mixer, rigidly attached in the lid with a hole in the cavity of the container filled with water. Also in the ball mixer cavity two flexible hoses are attached, the lower edge of one of which is located at the bottom of the container, and the other, having on the end a handle with a nozzle, is fixed on the housing of the container. And through the hole in the lid a flexible hose is mounted, one end of which is at the top of the container, with a check valve fixed inside it, and a pneumatic bulb mounted on the other end.EFFECT: invention enables to increase the protective effectiveness against heat radiation while simultaneous improving working conditions, and to improve the cooling efficiency of the employee due to the use of more heat-removing material.2 dwg

Helmet with shock absorber and casing of light filter of pilot safety helmet // 2457765
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a class of aeronautics, aviation, astronautics, and more particularly to a summer suit, namely, protective flight helmets. The device can be used for crew of general, transport and long-range aviation. Helmet with shock absorber and a casing of light filter of a pilot safety helmet includes a helmet itself, including the frontal, parietal, occipital and lateral zones, with the shock absorber located in it and a casing of light filter. The helmet is made flattened with the occipital zone displaced backwards and upwards, with the surface of the frontal zone is made as a torus surface, coupled with a smoothing zone coupled with a occipital zone which surface is made as a torus surface.EFFECT: secure fixing of helmet on the head of the pilot is provided, comfortable wearing due to the helmet's smaller size and better alignment.7 cl, 12 dwg

ethod to obtain one-piece moulded detail of felt // 2457764
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a light industry and can be used in manufacture of clothes, shoes, hats and decorative items made of felt as well as at for felt products restoration. The method includes forming a canvas by stacking layers of wool fibers and applying on the layers of wool fiber of textile material, felting, felling and drying. On the canvas from the side of textile material the layers of wool fibers are additionally placed. After felling the moulding is carried out, and after drying - wet-heating treatment. Wet-heating treatment is carried out under pressure at a temperature of 120-150° C, corresponding to a temperature of adhesion of adhesive. As textile material the easily mouldable adhesive gasket material with sparse structure is used. The adhesive gasket material can be placed in accordance with the zones marked on the detail.EFFECT: reduction of thickness and weight of felt parts is provided, while maintaining the specified strength; obtaining one-piece moulded detail with uniform thickness, with zones which differ in properties; increasing the strength of the obtained material; preservation of appearance of felt on the front and reverse side of the product which is attractive for a consumer.2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Body protection device and method of its production // 2455912
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: this invention relates to body protection device. Particularly, it relates to materials absorbing power and used in protective helmets, knee-caps, elbow-caps, etc, and to method of their production. Proposed body comprises first material 20 with matrix of power absorbing cells each being made of tube 22 and second material 30, a plastic material, jointed to the first one by hot shaping and glue 40. Said glue features melting point below those of said first and second materials 20, 30 to allow relative displacement in hot shaping. Proposed method comprises jointing first material 20 with matrix of power absorbing cells each being made of tube 22 to second material 30, a plastic material, by hot shaping and glue 40. Said glue features melting point below those of said first and second materials 20, 30 to allow relative displacement in hot shaping.EFFECT: efficient absorption of 80% of power.14 cl, 12 dwg

ethod of fabricating diver's helmet from laminar composite materials, mould for fabrication of diver's helmet from laminar composite materials and diver's helmet from laminar composite materials // 2453468
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises using mould made up of glass-fibre-reinforced plastic half dies and base jointed together in plane of symmetry of helmet main surface, signs with shaping surface of basic planes and openings, and laying layers of shell from reinforcing fabric impregnated with polymer binder into said mould. Flanges of openings are filled with annular fibres to wrap said signs whereon pressure washers are fitted to press said washers toward basic surfaces. Said shell is moulded keeping mould cavity at pressure during curing of composite and covering neck opening by base and inflating rubber tube fitted there inside. Said mould is made up of glass-fibre-reinforced plastic half dies and base jointed together in plane of symmetry of helmet main surface, signs with shaping surface of basic planes and openings, porthole, assemblies of life-supporting system and communication as well as elements of labyrinth seals. Aforesaid openings are filled with annular fibres to wrap said signs whereon pressure washers are fitted to press said washers toward basic surfaces and covering neck opening by base and inflating rubber tube fitted there inside to create internal pressure. Diver's helmet comprises aforesaid elements.EFFECT: higher tightness, reliability, decreased weight.14 cl, 9 dwg

Heat-reflective helmet with air cooling // 2444966
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to personal protective equipment and enables to improve the efficiency of protection from thermal radiation, while improving working conditions. Heat-reflective helmet with air cooling on the outer surface of helmet has vent openings and installed shielding heat-reflective segments, a fan. Heat-reflective helmet is made integral with the possibility of connection of its parts, at that its lower part is shaped like a truncated cone, inside which at the larger base at a distance 1/ 4 height of the truncated cone from this base the elastic pads are firmly fixed with their segments to be at equal distances from each other. And the upper base is closed by a surface in the form of a perforated cone whose apex is directed upward, and the upper part of the heat-reflective helmet is made in the form of a cylinder ending with a perforated cone, which apex points upwards, while the total area of its vent openings is greater than or equal to the total area of vent openings of surface overlying the upper base of a truncated cone, which diameter is equal to the diameter of the cylinder, in the upper part of which a fan is mounted along the central axis.EFFECT: invention enables to simplify the design with a reliable cooling, both of the operator's head and the surface of the upper part of his body.2 dwg

Pilot's night vision device // 2442725
FIELD: night vision devices.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to night vision devices (NVD) that are designed for flight control, takeoff and landing of the aircrafts at night. The NVD contains night vision goggles (NVG) with the built-in independent batteries that are fixed on the support bracket installed on the front part of the pilot's headpiece; a counterbalance unit with a gutter and a container with loading that is located on the cervical part of the headpiece; a frame that follows the shape of the headpiece and a power system of the NVG that is charged from the on-board circuit. The NVG power system that is supplied from the on-board circuit contains the first and the second cables connecting the NVG with the on-board circuit through the umbilical connector and the low-voltage source converter. The frame is equipped with a gutter for the first cable thus providing its direct mechanical contact with the frame. The stickum contact is applied on the bearing surface of the frame that provides fixing of the frame on the pilot's headpiece. Two lock rings are firmly fixed on the first cable, one on each side of the frame. The container with loading is made of cloth with pockets for loading on order one can take it; the container is fixed on the internal side of the frame.EFFECT: decrease of pressure on the pilot's head and higher safety when the pilot evacuates themselves from the aircraft cabin.1 dwg, 2 dwg

Head support belt // 2442511
FIELD: this invention refers to the line of head support belts.SUBSTANCE: head support belt includes the stretched head belt. Its length and configuration enables the belt to be placed on the user's forehead. The majority of the support elements having certain configuration and situated along the belt provide the contact with the user's forehead. The head protection device has a head belt and protection element for the head attached to the head support belt.EFFECT: described construction of the head protect belt serves for the improvement of the user's comfort due to the extension of the contact space with the forehead and reduction of the contact space with some most sensitive parts of the skull.19 cl,7 dwg

Headdress with rotational elements // 2438540
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a headdress with a rotary element having a lower rotational axis. Mean of protecting the head with turning element contains a head bracket, two transition segments, each of which is connected with a head bracket and is extended in the longitudinal direction from the head bracket. Each transition segment has the far end and an element providing rotation at the far end, and part of the said transition segments is made extended over any part of the ear the user, and an element of protection of the head, connected with each of the elements that provide rotation is made with the possibility of rotation. In another version of the invention, a mean of head protection with turning element contains a suspension, two elements that provide rotation, connected with the head suspension. In addition, each of the elements that provide rotation, provides a rotation axis, below and over any part of a user's ear and head protection element connected with each of the elements that provide rotation, with the possibility of rotation. In one more version of the invention a mean of head protection with a rotary element contains a suspension having a long in transverse direction head band, two elements that provide rotation, each of which is spatially assigned to the head band and is connected with a head band. In this case the head band has a configuration that provides its location on the forehead of the user, and each of the elements providing rotation is extended over at least a part of the user's ear and provides the rotation axis, below the head band, and a head protection, element connected with each of the elements that provide rotation, with the possibility of rotation.EFFECT: due to the presence of the reduced axis of rotation of the head protective mean for the head wholly and its main security feature in particular can be located closer to the head of the user that facilitate user's work particularly in tight spaces.20 cl, 4 dwg

Helmet with electronic system // 2438539
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: a helmet with an electronic system includes a housing having a rigid outer shell, a rigid inner shell attached to the outer shell to form a cavity between them, and an absorbing shock structure located between the inner shell and the head of the user when wearing a helmet, and an integrated electronic system. The latter has a microphone and a speaker, and has placed in the said cavity a digital imaging subsystem, a battery, an audio subsystem, a global positioning system, a mobile communication device, and a head-torch focused with providing light emission in front of the user when wearing a helmet. An embodiment of the helmet implementation is provided.EFFECT: invention provides increased safety of user and ease of use.14 cl, 10 dwg

ethod and system for protection of body part // 2427295
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: system for protection of body part of user in case of motion deviating from the norm, such as falling or collision. System includes article of clothing (1), air safety bag, inflatable device (3) and trigger. The above safety bag includes the first part (7) intended to enclose neck and occipital sections of user after inflation and the second part (8) intended to form the hood enclosing the user's skull after its inflation. Prior to inflation the first and the second parts are folded and arranged in the specified article of clothing, which is located around user's neck, for example in the form of collar or scarf. The first part is adapted for inflation prior to inflation of the second part. Also, method for protection of user's head in case of motion deviating from the norm, such as falling or collision, is described.EFFECT: higher protection level of user at falling, and ease of use.12 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of producing armored helmet from polymer composite materials and armored helmet from polymer composite materials // 2423059
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons and equipment and may be used for producing armored helmets from polymer composite materials. Proposed method of producing armored helmet comprising ballistic shell includes using mandrel made in the form of elliptic cylinder closed on its faces by semi-ellipsoids of rotation with smooth transition of surface thanks to generating ellipsoids of semi-ellipsoids are guide ellipsoids of cylinders. Layers of perform for shells of two helmets are wound in coils impregnated with synthetic binder for bundles from aramide threads in revolving aforesaid mandrel. For this, mandrel is provided with journals, the rotational axis located in crosswise plane of mandrel symmetry aligned with smaller axis of symmetry of cylinder guide ellipsoid, while layer edges are made with bulges resulted from overlapping of bundles in reducing winding radius. Note here that edges of bulges of three layers maximum are made with pole holes on journal aligned. Said layers are wound in coils located in one plane, each coil in contact with both journals and contact points being uniformly distributed along line of intersection of journal surface with mandrel surface due to variation of plane angle and its angle unless entire surface of mandrel is coated by bundles. Armored helmet comprises inner helmet with headsets and ballistic shell with inner surface represents semi-ellipsoid of rotation with smooth transition into elliptic cylinder confined by frontal and occipital section edges, and recesses in shell to receive aforesaid headsets. Shell is made up of layers impregnated with synthetic binder for bundles, layer edges being made with bulges resulted from overlapping of bundles in reducing winding radius. Note here that edges of bulges of three layers maximum are made aligned with headsets recesses. Said layers are wound in coils located in one plane, each coil in contact with both journals and contact points being uniformly distributed along line of intersection of journal surface with mandrel surface due to variation of plane angle and its angle unless entire surface of mandrel is coated by bundles.EFFECT: reliable design, ease of manufacture.6 cl, 7 dwg

Head suspension with transient links and back support // 2414830
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to head suspension for protective devices for head and in particular to head suspension with transient links and back support part joined to transient links so that it may rotate. Head suspension comprises head strip, having length and two transient links. Each of transient links is joined to head strip and is extended from the line that determines length of head strip at an angle of more than 0°. Each of transient links has a remote end and element at remote end providing for rotation. Rotation-providing element is characterised with a centre of rotation, and back support part is connected to each of elements providing for rotation, with the possibility of rotation. Head suspension comprises head strip, having length and two transient links. Each of transient links is joined to head strip and is extended from the line that determines length of head strip at an angle of more than 0°. Each of transient links has a remote end and element at remote end providing for rotation. Rotation-providing element is characterised with a centre of rotation, and back support part is connected to each of elements providing for rotation, with the possibility of rotation. Head strips is extended to sides and has length. Additionally there is an element for protection of head fixed to head suspension. It is desirable that head strip is easily adjusted and fits well on head, not causing any discomfort to the user. It is also desirable that support element or head suspension do not require removal of head protection device from user's head, when it is needed to adjust suspension system in size.EFFECT: development of a protective device for head, comprising head suspension with transient links and back support part joined to transient links so that it may rotate.20 cl, 7 dwg

Camouflaging hood // 2412628
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: camouflaging hood has multi-layer structure and comprises protective net element with holes for eyes, nose and mouth, with masking parts. Main layer of hood is made of cotton jersey fabric with metal coating, fully covers head and adjoins it. In area of lateral sides of nose, eyes and chin there are inserts of highly elastic net material. Slots for eyes, mouth and nose are fringed with elastic tape. Protective net element is arranged in the form of independent layer, which fully covers head and is arranged on top of the main one. Layers are connected to each other by a thread stitch along lines of slots for eyes, breathing part of nose and mouth, and size of cells of protective net element makes 25-49 mm2.EFFECT: invention provides for convenience in operation and high level of masking effect.3 cl, 3 dwg

Welding helmet // 2411928
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of individual person's protection during welding works. Welding helmet includes colourless glass of combined eyepiece located above lightfilter of coloured glass, automatic button, which regulates opening and closing helmet eyepiece, located immediately under welder/s hand, resistor to which welding apparatus is switched via plug with possibility to supply energy to helmet from its own outlet voltage, the button being fixed to electrode holder by clamp.EFFECT: invention allows to increase work efficiency and reduce time expenditure due to absence of necessity to lift or lower the welding helmet by hand during welding works.1 dwg

Body of protective helmet // 2410995
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: body of protective helmet comprises upper dome-like part with canopy in front part, areas of fixation of internal auxiliaries to helmet body, main stiffening belt and double-stage longitudinal protective belt for protection against impact at upper and back parts of helmet. The first rigid stage of protective belt is arranged in the form of longitudinal strip resting in front and back parts of body on the main stiffening belt arranged between areas of fixation of internal auxiliaries in front and back parts of helmet to helmet body and limited at each side with shaping stiffening rib. The second damping stage of protective belt is arranged in the form of tab resting in back part of body onto main stiffening belt and narrowing to front part of body. Tab rests via shaping stiffening rib through first stage. Width of stage does not protrude limits of circle with radius of 50 mm with centre in the helmet top, where zone most susceptible to ingress of foreign objects is located, and is brought nearer to its diametre.EFFECT: invention provides for simplification of helmet design and improvement of its protective function.10 cl, 4 dwg

System of head fixation and head helmet having adjustable protective visor and method of their adjustment // 2390290
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: head helmet adjusted for protection of the person wearing it comprises protective visor and flexible covering band adjusted for fixation on the head of the person wearing it. It also comprises mount fixture, providing for fixation of protective visor to flexible covering band in each of two side areas of fixation. At the same time protective visor is in general installed in front of the person wearing it. Mount fixture comprises guide slot joined to the first part of head helmet and slider joined to the second part of head helmet. At the same time mentioned helmet is arranged with the possibility of sliding forward and backward in guide slot relative to the face of the person wearing it, and also with the possibility of selective fixation in multiple forward and backward positions, therefore, position of protective visor may be adjusted inside and outside relative to the face of the person wearing it.EFFECT: invention provides for reduction of weight and dimensions of protective helmet.14 cl, 7 dwg

System of head fixation and helmet with replacement band hoop, and also method of their adjustment // 2390289
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: system of head fixation adjusted to support the object on the head of the person wearing it comprises flexible covering band with frontal section and cervical section. At least part of specified frontal section of mentioned flexible covering band comprises replacement band hoop of specific configuration. At the same time configuration of specified system of head fixation is arranged with the possibility of modification by replacement of mentioned replacement band hoop by another band hoop of other configuration.EFFECT: invention provides for reduction of weight and dimensions of head fixation system.15 cl, 5 dwg

Body-protection device // 2390288
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: body-protection device for wearing by user comprises outer surface and matrix from cells that absorb energy. Each cell comprises tube having side wall, which is connected to side wall of at least one other tube substantially along tube length. Axis of tube is arranged substantially perpendicularly to outer surface, so that location of each tube is substantially preserved as load is applied to outer surface.EFFECT: invention provides for increased extent of user protection.16 cl, 12 dwg

Protective helmet // 2390287
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: protective helmet comprises body, which represents dome in the form of semi-ellipsoid with longitudinal stiffening rib and with truncated plane in forehead part, and also inner fittings. On body surface along the edge of dome peripheral part there are six equidistant ledges that form seats of identical shape on inner side. On lateral sides of dome there are two slots oppositely installed for fixation of antinoise headphones, as well as two groups of ventilation holes. At the same time stiffening rib has semicircular convex shape, sides of which are formed by two symmetrical broken lines, which expand in central part of body and narrow in cervical and forehead parts. At the same time stiffening rib in cervical part smoothly merges with surface of body, and cut plane in front body is arranged on stiffening rib. At the same time helmet fields are arranged as of different sizes, with gutter, expanding towards peak in cervical and side parts, and outer edge of peak has smoothly rounded shape also with gutter, and inner edge of peak repeats part of helmet dome contour in plan. Fittings are additionally provided with brackets for fixation of pelerine.EFFECT: invention is aimed at development of helmet, which provides for comfortable conditions of human labour due to expansion of its functional capabilities.5 dwg

Helmet ear strap // 2383374
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: ear strap is connected to chin strap of helmet and is arranged with the possibility to move chin strap along ear strap only within the borders of limited trajectory, which is limited with a specified section of ear strap. Ear strap may additionally comprises longitudinal slot, through which chin strap is pulled. Ear strap may additionally comprise the first and second bulges, and chin strap is joined to ear strap between the first and second bulges. Ear strap may additionally comprises bridge, which has the first and second base, and chin strap is joined to ear strap between the first and second base. Ear strap may additionally comprises button, which interacts with transverse slot in chin strap for limitation of chin strap motion versus ear strap.EFFECT: improved convenience.5 cl, 7 dwg

Protective helmet // 2378961
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: protective helmet consists of external dome shell and three shock absorption layers arranged inside. Upper and lower shock absorption layers are arranged from porous polymer material, and intermediate shock absorption layer is arranged from elastic extended elements with cross section of Ω-shaped form. Upper and lower shock absorption layers are fixed to external dome shell along its lower edge.EFFECT: improved protective properties and simplified design.4 cl, 4 dwg

anufacturing method of academic peaked cap with flexible band // 2371064
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to headwear manufacturing technology. In the manufacturing method of academic peaked cap with a flexible band, the latter is made of a one-layered flexible ribbon. The band ends are connected with a lap seam to one closed cut and to an open pre-bound cut and are sewn together thus offsetting the felling cut relative to the closed cut. The bound band cut is sewn on the main part.EFFECT: invention provides the possibility of adjusting the headwear size for the tight fit to the head and its proper position, as well as reduces the consumption of the main material and the time required for the product manufacture.4 cl, 6 dwg

Face masks containing composition against sweating/antiglare // 2362467
FIELD: personal and household objects.SUBSTANCE: face mask includes a substrate in which there is a coating on at least one surface of the said substrate. The substrate contains one or several organic polymers as the main component, in which one or more organic polymers make up at least approximately 90 wt % of the said coating. The method of making the mask involves depositing an aqueous composition on at least one surface of a transparent substrate. The said aqueous composition contains a mixture of water and one or several water-soluble organic polymers. The said aqueous composition is dried with formation of a coating on the said transparent substrate, in which the said one or several water-soluble organic polymers make up the main component of the said coating, in which the said one or several organic polymers make up at least approximately 90 wt % of the said coating.EFFECT: elimination of sweating effect and lowering glare on face protective masks.35 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex, 3 tbl

Indicating device // 2362466
FIELD: personal and household objects.SUBSTANCE: indicating device contains a first carrier material and a first pigment, placed on the first carrier material. The first pigment can disintegrate under the effect of ultraviolet radiation. The first carrier material has a varying thickness such that, upon effect of ultraviolet radiation, the pigment visually changes, which leads to visual change on the first surface of the first carrier material. The second object is a protective hat with the said indicating device.EFFECT: accurate indication of degree of ageing of material of an object.10 cl, 7 dwg

Adjustable helmet shell // 2355268
FIELD: household goods and personal effects.SUBSTANCE: helmet contains the first part and the second part, adjacent to the first one. The helmet parts are connected to each other with a capability of sliding relative to each other along the first axis in order to define the variable volume pocket. The helmet stipulates for fastening element, installed in the first part. The fastening element is made with a capability of sliding between open and closed positions, and with a capability to slide along the second axis in the plane, which is parallel to the one of the position. The first and second axes are not parallel to each other. The second part of the helmet is equipped with delimiter, which is an answering part for the fastening element. The fastening element and delimiter interact in order to prevent movement of the helmet's first part relative to the second part, when the fastening element is in the closed position.EFFECT: convenience of helmet adjustment for head size of the user without additional instruments.36 cl, 12 dwg

Protective helmet // 2355267
FIELD: household goods and personal effects.SUBSTANCE: protective helmet contains outer shell alike a peaked cap with straps, equipped with Velcro fasteners, and plastic case with crimps, inserted into the outer shell. Crimps of occipital part of the case are equipped with elastic crossbars. The needed size of the helmet is set by squeezing the crimps and fixing the size with Velcro fasteners.EFFECT: enhancement of protective properties.4 cl, 4 dwg

Hockey helmet equipped with crosswise direction adjustment gear // 2350237
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: proposed hockey helmet designed for the user's head protection is composed of the left-hand and the right-hand lateral sections, a rear section and a hindhead section. The helmet contains a casing having two inner lateral surfaces (the left-hand and the right-hand ones) and two inner lateral pads (the left-hand and the right-hand ones) that at least partly cover the casing left-hand and the right-hand inner lateral surfaces. The inner lateral pads accordingly contact the user's head right and left lateral regions. The design also envisages presence of a V-shaped element positioned between the left-hand inner lateral pad or the right-hand inner lateral pad and the corresponding left-hand inner lateral surface or the right-hand inner lateral surface accordingly. The V-shaped element is designed movable from Position 1 to Position 2 (and contrariwise). While in Position 1 the left-hand inner lateral pad or the right-hand inner lateral pad applies primary pressure to the user's head right lateral region or left lateral region accordingly. While in Position 2 the left-hand inner lateral pad or the right-hand inner lateral pad applies secondary pressure to the user's head right lateral region or left lateral region accordingly. The secondary pressure exceeds the primary one in terms of magnitude.EFFECT: invention provides for the helmet comfortably fitting on the user's head and the user being able to adjust it to one's head size without having to take the helmet off.31 cl, 12 dwg

Hockey helmet with hindhead adjustment gear // 2350236
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: proposed hockey helmet designed for the user's head protection is composed of the crown and the hindhead sections. The helmet has a front piece and an inner hindhead pad contacting the use's head parietal and occipital regions accordingly. The inner hindhead pad is to be displaced (at the use's discretion) towards the head occipital region to provide for application of pressure onto the head occipital region and the helmet front piece displacement towards the head parietal regions.EFFECT: invention provides for the helmet comfortably fitting on the user's head and the user being able to adjust it to one's head size without having to take the helmet off.29 cl, 14 dwg

Adjustable helmet // 2348336
FIELD: household goods and personal effects.SUBSTANCE: helmet includes outer protection shell, protection material installed inside on the casing. The protection material contains the fixed section covering inner surface of the helmet and fixed as regard to the helmet. Both movable sections are connected with the shell or with the fixed section located near the first and the second temporal part of the helmet. The movable sections are implemented so that they can move with regard to the helmet. At least one adjustable mechanism adjoins the shell. According to the invention, connectors are provided, which are functionally connected with the movable section of the protection material and with, at least, one adjustable mechanism. The connectors are implemented so that they can be displaced by, at least, one adjustable mechanism and in such a way that connectors actuate also movable section of protection material to the volume defined the helmet. Also two additional versions of helmet design are considered.EFFECT: easy helmet size adjustment directly on user head without special tools.47 cl, 22 dwg

Air-cooled heat- reflective head-dress // 2334444
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: air-cooled heat-reflective head-dress contains intake and plenum valves, circular pneumatic pipeline with adjusting coupling and sprayers for blowing on individual head. System contains plenum cavities for pneumatic pumps of left and right legs, elastic air lines connected through elastic couplings, receiver from elastic material and pneumatic air pressure regulating valve with Rank vortex tube. Air lines from Rank vortex tube with cold and hot air flows are connected to three-way tap. Receiver is connected with outlet pipelines, safety valve and air pressure regulating valve. Air valve, intake valve and air line installed on non-detachable ladder are fastened to shoes sole to fix pneumatic valve.EFFECT: improves effectiveness of head protection from heat radiation.4 dwg

Armoured helmet out of polymer composites // 2329751
FIELD: personal items, clothing.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to army requisites and outfits, to development of security facilities and can be used for fabricating of armoured helmets out of laminar polymer composite materials such as organoplastics. An armoured helmet made out of polymer composites contains layers of an exterior shell out of, for example, aramid fabric soaked with a polymer binder, hard alloy curvilinear and flat alternate insertions and layers of an interior shell layers similar to exterior layers. The insertions are made out of elementary cells secured to each other and to shells with glue chemically compatible with the shell binder. The insertions are made out of isotropic material, for example, out of ceramic. The thickness of cells corresponds to a caliber of the basic damaging element. Linear dimension of the cell exceeds its double thickness by 1.5-1.7 times.EFFECT: creation of a helmet of upgraded reliability.2 cl, 6 dwg

Production method of armoured helmet made of layered polymer composites and armoured helmet made of layered polymer composites // 2328193
FIELD: security facilities.SUBSTANCE: when armoured helmet is manufactured from layered polymer composites, outer casing layers are put into matrix together with ballistic untreated fabric layers and internal casing layers. Ballistic layers are isolated with polyethylene film and each layer is preliminary cut out as follows: main - in the shape of chamomile, intermediate layers - in the shape of ring. Each main layer is distributed on working surface with overlaps on petal area, whereas intermediate layers cover the area of petal base in main layers. Layers are fastened together with edging represented as circular channel and clamping elements. Outer casing, all or part of ballistic layers, and, finally the whole package, are pressurised, covering matrix with plate and fill internal rubber chamber by pumping.EFFECT: armoured helmet of high reliability and quality.11 cl, 11 dwg

Casing of protective helmet // 2311863
FIELD: head protective equipment.SUBSTANCE: casing of protective helmet has cap equipped with longitudinal rigidity rib and shock-absorbing members formed as slots provided on inner surface of cap, at both sides of rigidity rib, with thickness of cap in slots being gradually reduced. Inner sides of slots are gradually making continuation of rigidity rib, and depth of slots gradually fades away. Width of slots is 4-6 mm.EFFECT: simplified construction and improved shock-absorbing function of helmet casing.2 dwg

Protective helmet // 2310354
FIELD: head protective equipment.SUBSTANCE: protective helmet has casing with shield on its front part and pockets for attachment of cap, main rigidity belt with water outlet formed as channel provided at rear and side parts of casing, upper top-shaped part with longitudinal rigidity ribs symmetrically arranged at the outside and continuously joined with front, side, and rear parts of casing. Rigidity ribs are provided with rounded portions in their front and rear parts, said rounded portions being oriented toward main rigidity belt. Casing is equipped with additional rigidity belt defined in its lower part by inclined casing wall and vertical wall of main rigidity belt. Front, rear and side parts of casing, in front projections of casing, are equipped with inclined rectilinear walls on parts between main rigidity belt and top-shaped upper part. Rectilinear walls are connected through transition lines with inclined wall of additional rigidity belt. Additional and main rigidity belts have U-shaped section.EFFECT: increased extent of protecting worker's head.2 cl, 6 dwg
 
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