Of layered materials (A41D31/02)

A   Human necessities(304962)
A41   Wearing apparel(1838)
A41D31/02                     Of layered materials(53)

ethod of one-piece felted clothes producing with complex shapes and device for its implementation // 2606184
FIELD: textile.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to articles included into group of “consumer industry products”, particularly to one piece felted articles, and can be primarily used in making of clothes with complex shapes and transitions, as well as for felt products restoration. Disclosed invention aims at: expanding one piece felted articles processing methods in making clothes, increasing production quality and expansion of design solutions in designing and manufacturing of new types of designer products. Method is intended for manufacturing clothes, mainly, from wool or other raw materials, meeting one piece felted technology involving laying of material, e.g. wool fibres, on composite template, web formation on template (article felting) and drying. Technical task of disclosed invention is: development of technology, which enables during "felting" to eliminate or prevent various defects of article, its parts and pieces; development of technology providing formation in process of production of article individual structural elements and/or making of seamless article, mainly womenswear (cardigans, dresses, jackets); development of tooling (tools), providing control over article structural elements forming process, including production of article with seamless connection of individual parts, eliminating potential occurrence of clothes defects during its manufacturing. Set task is solved by using of composite template as tool (device). In disclosed method, composite model (template) is device, ensuring execution of formation method operations in process of article individual structural elements production and/or seamless formation of product (clothes) areas with complex shapes and transitions. And, if necessary, enabling determination of article structural-technological deformations areas and eliminating different shape defects during "felting" process, of its parts and pieces. Composite template during its use allows to reduce (or eliminate) different types of deformations distorting article designer structure. Simultaneously, method and tool enable formation of individual design elements of clothes with various geometric shapes and configurations; substantively enhancing manufacturing capabilities, for example, for seamless formation of irregular shaped article.EFFECT: achieved technical effect - method and tool for its implementation provides elimination of different defects at manufacture of clothes by one-piece felted method.2 cl, 17 dwg

Fabric from carbon fibre and method for production thereof // 2599607
FIELD: textile and paper.SUBSTANCE: fabric from a carbon fiber characterized by that polyurethane or acrylic film (4) is applied by lamination onto at least one side of this fabric (1) and partially penetrates into said fabric (1) to create intermediate layer (5), in which external filaments of fabric (1) make an integral part with polyurethane or acrylic film (4).EFFECT: this invention also relates to a method for production of such fabric, as well as to an article of clothing or leather articles containing this fabric.19 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for formation of impermeable connection of articles on lint-feather insulation // 2594552
FIELD: personal use and household items.SUBSTANCE: disclosed and tested is a novel method of forming impermeable connection of articles on lint-feather insulation, which comprises placing self-adhesive film on line marked for sewing, followed by seaming. Before seaming between main part and cover of lint-feather heat insulation material on face side of cover is laid a self-adhesive film which is pre-cooled or soaked on side of adhesive layer with water by means of, for example, wet sponge placed in front of needle slider. Self-adhesive film is pressed, while simultaneously seaming, wherein self-adhesive film is cooled to 5-10 °C. Minimum pressure of pressing self-adhesive film to insulation is 20-30 kPa.EFFECT: invention increases impermeability of filar joints of clothes for lint-feather mixture, including during use, and simultaneously reduces labour input for preventing migration of lint-feather mixture.1 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl
Light-weight rubber-polymer material for manufacturing protective clothes and method of obtaining thereof // 2540976
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: material includes chlorosulphonated polyethylene, filling agents (kaolin, titanium dioxide), fire retardant (decabromodiphenyloxide), vulcanising agents (magnesium oxide, zinc oxide) vulcanisation accelerators (thiuram D, 2-metcaptobenzothiazole), additionally contains fluralit (nanopolytetrafluoroethylene), nanoadditive "Cloisite 30B", polychloroprene, chloroparaffin-470, antimony trioxide, rosin, mixture of nefras and ethylacetate in ratio 1:1 and textile base - technical polyether fabric, or cotton-polyether fabric, or fibreglass fabric. Method of manufacturing light-weight rubber-polymer material includes application of rubber-polymer composition on textile base on adhesive spreading machine IVO 3220 with steam pressure in steam stoves of adhesive spreading machines 2.0-2.1 kgf/cm2.EFFECT: manufacturing light-weight rubber-polymer material, providing protection against impact of toxic, aggressive chemical substances and open fire.2 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

Design of package of special clothes with increased resistance to aerodynamic deformation // 2535275
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology for manufacture of clothes with loose insulants. The design of a package of special clothes with increased resistance to aerodynamic deformation contains two layers of the coating material: outer and inner. A volumetric loose insulant is positioned between the layers. The coating material layers are interconnected via partitions; one partition cut is connected to the outer coating layer while the other - to the inner one. The design contains additional vertical partitions of volumetric adhesive-bonded nonwoven fabric.EFFECT: proposed package design will allow to enhance the package capacity to preserve and recondition its rated thermal insulation under conditions of increased wind load without valuable insulant consumption increase.3 cl, 1 dwg

Soil-resistant, breathable fabric laminate material and clothes from it // 2527989
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to textile and light industry, and relates to soil-resistant breathable fabric laminate material and clothes from it. It comprises a textile layer attached by means of an intermittent connection to the asymmetric porous membrane comprising at least two porous layers or layer throughout the thickness of the membrane. The methods of production of the fabric laminate material, as well as clothing made from it are disclosed.EFFECT: invention provides creation of the breathable fabric material for clothing, soil-resistant and without deterioration of consumer properties.49 cl, 14 dwg, 6 tbl, 17 ex

ultilayered sock and its manufacture method // 2492780
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: multilayered sock relates to special-purpose hosiery products intended for usage under extreme wearing conditions, in the first place - for hunters, fishers as well as persons going in for extreme sports (trekking, kayaking, yachting etc.). The multilayered sock contains the outer and the inner knitted socks and a semi-permeable membrane positioned between them, all bonded to each other in a pin-point way with hot-melt glue. The total area of the bonded sections surface is 5-30% of the product surface total area, the knitted socks stitch size in excess of that of the glue pin-points. According to the method for the multilayered sock fabrication, one knits the inner and the outer socks, applies hot-melt glue onto the both surfaces of the semi-permeable membrane in a pin-point way at equal spacing, shapes the semi-permeable membrane in the form of a flat sock the size whereof exceeds that of the ready product by 100-150%, sequentially puts onto a flat mould the size whereof corresponds to that of the membrane, the outer sock turned inside out, the membrane and the inner sock, right side up, and bonds all the layers together; then one removes the ready product from the mould and subjects it to shock cooling; the hot-melt glue is applied so that the total area of the bonded sections surface is 5-30% of the sock surface total area, the knitted socks stitch size in excess of that of the glue pin-points. .EFFECT: method for a multilayered sock fabrication enables achievement of manufactured products size stability.11 cl, 2 dwg
Combined material - laminate // 2473293
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to light industry, particularly, to combined material - laminate. Proposed material comprises textile web and PEU membrane formed on web wrong side by coagulation of PEY composition. Membrane is formed on web wrong side to 0.03-0.04 mm thickness from the following composition, in wt %: PEU solution with content of dry substance of 23-25% - 100.0; surfactant - 0.2-0.4; di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate - 0.8-1.5; dimethyl formamide - 6.5-7.5 with dry substance weight increment of 60-80 g/cm2, thickness of 0.03-0.04 mm and layer weight ratio of 0.504-0.77:023-0.496.EFFECT: higher water resistance, better hygienic properties.

Design of heat-shielding packet with adjustable thickness // 2469135
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: adjusting compartment is formed by two partitions, sections of a material of outer and inner layers of a shell and by a facility for fixation of adjusting compartment width. The width of the outer layer of the adjusting compartment shell material (aadj) is within the limits of a0<aadj<(2hp+a0), where hp - partition width, a0 - minimum width of the facility for fixation of the adjusting compartment width, defined by technical characteristics of the adjustment facility, and width of the part of the inner layer of the shell material forming the adjustment compartment is ain≈a0. Stiffness of the middle part along the partition width increases by an adhesive, thread or other methods of duplication, and also by using stiff inserts, installed into special pockets on a partition.EFFECT: improved hygienic parameters of garments with volume non-coherent heat insulation materials, variation of thickness in accordance to change of environmental conditions and reduced specific flow of a valuable heat insulation material for production of specified heat-shielding properties.3 cl, 5 dwg

ethod to obtain one-piece moulded detail of felt // 2457764
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a light industry and can be used in manufacture of clothes, shoes, hats and decorative items made of felt as well as at for felt products restoration. The method includes forming a canvas by stacking layers of wool fibers and applying on the layers of wool fiber of textile material, felting, felling and drying. On the canvas from the side of textile material the layers of wool fibers are additionally placed. After felling the moulding is carried out, and after drying - wet-heating treatment. Wet-heating treatment is carried out under pressure at a temperature of 120-150° C, corresponding to a temperature of adhesion of adhesive. As textile material the easily mouldable adhesive gasket material with sparse structure is used. The adhesive gasket material can be placed in accordance with the zones marked on the detail.EFFECT: reduction of thickness and weight of felt parts is provided, while maintaining the specified strength; obtaining one-piece moulded detail with uniform thickness, with zones which differ in properties; increasing the strength of the obtained material; preservation of appearance of felt on the front and reverse side of the product which is attractive for a consumer.2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Composite textile material for overalls and products of technical purpose // 2457763
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: composite textile material for overalls and products for technical purpose includes fire resistant textile fabric of top layer, sorption heat insulation textile fabric of lower layer, and sealing intermediate layer of polymeric adhesive. As the top layer the material comprises basalt fabric with surface density of 210-225 g/m2. The intermediate layer is made by hot pressing under the pressure of solid polymer adhesive simultaneously with the top and lower layers of textile fabrics.EFFECT: invention provides improved performance characteristics and low production cost.3 cl, 1 tbl

Sorption filtration material and its application // 2446875
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to adsorption filtration material for adsorption of harmful chemical or biological materials. Proposed material has, at least, one gas-permeable substrate provided with, at least, one adsorbent including, at least, one organometallic carcass. Said substrate additionally incorporates one more adsorbent based on absorbent coal. Note here that said substrate is gas-permeable material with gas-permeability of, at least, 10 l·m-2·s-1 at flow resistance of 127 Pa.EFFECT: higher efficiency of filtration.8 cl, 1 ex, 17 tbl

Design of package of wearing apparels for mechanised filling with feather and down insulation // 2438537
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a manufacturing technology of package of wearing apparels, providing the initial forming of separate sections and their subsequent mechanised filling with feather and down insulation. Design of wearing apparels package for mechanised filling with feather and down insulation consists of two parts, sewed together and quilted with horizontal lines in order to form sections in the line contour, sewed up after mechanical filling with feather and down insulation. Gaps between lines of quilting is not constant and is determined for each of n sections as a maximum value of the function fi(x), describing position of borders of the i-th section relative to the selected base border x of the interval │ai bi│, based on condition of equality of mass of feather and down insulation in different sections, which areas is derived in accordance with the formula where i is a section number, i=1,2,…,n; n is a number of sections after quilting for filling with the same mass of feather and down insulation; m (kg) is mass of feather and down insulation in section of a package; fi(x) is a function describing position of borders of the i-th section relative to the selected base border x of the interval │ai bi│; δsec (m) is weight-average thickness of the i-th section; ρsec (kg/m3) is weight-average density of feather and down insulation in the i-th section. The proposed construction of a package when using dispensing equipment, enables to avoid mistakes when filling out the feather and down insulation and increase the productivity of the process.EFFECT: new design solution of package of wearing apparels for mechanised filling with feather and down insulation, increase productivity and reduce the cost of products while maintaining a given level of thermal protection.3 cl, 2 dwg
Reflecting membrane production method and reflecting membrane produced under such method // 2422062
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of production of membrane materials. The method for production of reflecting water-tight vapour-permeable membrane involves the following stages: production of water-tight vapour-permeable membrane, production of film substrate, application of the membrane onto the film substrate, the membrane open surface metallisation by vacuum vapour method, application of a water-tight vapour-permeable coating layer, removal of the film substrate. Produced is reflecting water-tight vapour-permeable membrane with metal coating and a polyurethane cover layer.EFFECT: method enables production of membrane retaining active metal coating on at least 80% of its surface after three washing operations in accordance with DIN EN ISO 6330:2000.12 cl, 2 ex

ulti-layer heat-insulating material // 2415622
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: multi-layer heat-insulating material contains the main layer made of textile fabric and structural elements formed into an additional layer arranged on front side of the main layer in rows continuously or in a broken manner, or as adjacent to each other or arranged as overlapping, at the same time structural elements are made as hollow from increasable textile fabric and have cylinder-like, ellipse-like or drop-like shape, and inner side of structural elements has metallised coating. The multi-layer heat-insulating material may be used for special-purpose clothes, mobile shelters (canvases, tents).EFFECT: invention provides for high extent of camouflaging protection of biological object during night time due to provision of high heat insulation properties that weaken heat radiation, and also provision of camouflaging effect during daytime.5 cl, 7 dwg

Elastic laminate and absorbing item that contains laminate // 2415621
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: material is proposed, which is liable to elastic stretching and is designed to make absorbing items, such as panties. The laminate (1) liable to elastic stretching and containing the first cloth (2) of non-elastic non-woven material, the second cloth (4) of non-elastic non-woven material and elastic film (6) between the first and second cloths (2, 4) of non-woven material, at the same time the laminate (1) was given elasticity in the first direction (MD) by means of step-by-step stretching and partial rupture of the first and second cloths (2, 4) of non-woven material. The laminate (1) contains a strengthening layer (8) arranged between the first and second cloths (2, 4) of non-elastic non-woven material and containing non-broken strengthening fibres or elementary threads (9) passing in the second direction (CD), which is substantially perpendicular to the first direction (MD).EFFECT: invention relates to an item of panties type, including the laminate liable to elastic stretching, which gives the item higher strength when stretched and more resistance to piercing.28 cl, 9 dwg

Combined multi-layer material // 2412625
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to special-purpose materials for sewing clothes and relates to combined multi-layer material. Design of combined multi-layer material includes upper woven layer, diffusion layer, polymer membrane and lower knitted layer. Polymer membrane is formed on upper woven layer by coagulation of composition including solution of PEU in dimethylformamide, non-ionogenic surfactant, microcrystalline cellulose with subsequent coagulation, washing with simultaneous process of diffusion of polyurethane composition into structure of woven layer for the depth of 16.7-30,0% of woven layer thickness to form diffused layer, drying, application of adhesive layer at the side of membrane, duplication with knitted base at speed of technological process of 2.0-7.0 m/min with ratio of layers of finished combined multi-layer material making 0.49-0.65:0.10-0.19:0.25-0.32.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to develop material, having high complex of consumer properties.1 dwg, 7 tbl

Barrier-protective clothing from nonwoven fabric // 2399349
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to barrier-protective clothing made of nonwoven fabric of common and special purpose and methods of its manufacture. Barrier-protective clothing is made up of interconnected parts, at that the clothing details subject to pollution and/or damage, are made multiplayer. The layers in the clothing details subject to pollution and/or damage in the process of its exploitation are made with an option to detach layers from the surface of multilayer pack of the clothing detail along the lines of connecting on the lines of reduced strength.EFFECT: increase in the lifetime of the barrier-protective clothing.20 cl, 9 dwg

Structure of double-layer heat-proofing packet with curvilinear partitions in layers fastening areas // 2361491
FIELD: items of private use.SUBSTANCE: structure of double-layer heat-proofing packet contains two layers of envelope material: external and internal. Volumetric incoherent filler is located between layers. Layers are fastened to each other by means of partitions of curvilinear configuration. Mentioned partitions are fastened with packet layers by means of additional rectilineal details.EFFECT: increasing of quality performance of products seat, consisting of packets of mentioned structure on man's figure.1 dwg

Package of materials with self-restoration of filler // 2334443
FIELD: items of personal and house use.SUBSTANCE: package of materials with self-restoration filler is executed of a multilayered material possessing resilient elastic properties. The package possesses high elasticity, viscosity and thermal resistance. The middle layer of the package has a wavy form. Package layers are punched along the surface with gauze pasted from both sides. The filler is placed in cavities between top and bottom package layers.EFFECT: increased heat insulating and heat saving properties of materials package.4 dwg

ultilayer material // 2318935
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, manufacture of wide range of articles ranging between lacework and carpet articles.SUBSTANCE: multilayer material has at least two interconnected layers, each made from threads of preferably pile yarn, with predetermined laying pattern of threads in layer. Layers are offset relative to one another so as to define angle of 1-90 deg between adjacent threads through thickness of material and connected with one another through fibers extending from one layer into another layer or fibers of layers extending through each other (by needle stitching). Said layers have various thread laying density and various handle of laid yarn. Needle is stitched at one and/or two sides. For manufacture of coat, material having 100%-wool is used as pile yarn, said wool having linear density of 0.75 tex. Material may contain at least one layer of fabric or leather.EFFECT: wider range of materials and articles produced from said materials and featuring increased comfort and prolonged service life combined with high artistic and ornamental properties.3 cl, 5 dwg

Heat-reflecting packet construction with resilient member at layer securing sites // 2286701
FIELD: manufacture of clothing equipped with fillers imparting three-dimensional structure to warming material.SUBSTANCE: heat-reflecting packet with resilient member at layer securing sites has two layers of enclosure material (outer and inner), three-dimensional warming material positioned intermediate said two layers, and resilient member placed intermediate said layers, at layer securing sites. During securing of packet, resilient member is subjected to compressive deformation for imparting three-dimensional shape thereto.EFFECT: reduced usage of warming materials, improved hygienic properties and wider range of heat-reflecting articles.2 cl, 1 dwg

Construction of package for heat-protecting clothing with double-sided asymmetry // 2286073
FIELD: manufacture of clothing with three-dimensional warming facilities.SUBSTANCE: construction of package for heat-protecting clothing with double-sided asymmetry comprises two layers of enclosure material, namely outer and inner layers, feather-and-fluff warming facilities arranged between said enclosure layers, and joints for securing said layers. Upon quilting of package, outer and inner layers of adjacent sections are alternatively deformed, with length of enclosure materials at inner and outer sides between sites of fastening said layers by quilting stitches or welding lines is different and alternatively changes at adjacent sections.EFFECT: wider range of articles, improved hygienic properties of articles, reduced consumption of warming material, and predetermined level of thermal resistance.3 cl, 1 dwg

Protective sewing article // 2260361
FIELD: sewing industry, in particular, designing and manufacture of preferably winter clothing.SUBSTANCE: protective sewing article includes multilayer packet with cavity defined by walls of water-impermeable material, within which hygroscopic member is inserted. Cavity is made in the form of elongated slit defined by two walls connected along contour at three sides and open at one short end. Width of cavity is at least ten times its thickness, and length of cavity is at least ten times the width thereof. One of cavity walls is made perforated. Hygroscopic member is made from fabric selected from the group consisting of wool, viscose, acetate, and staple, or said member is made in the form of stitched packet manufactured from said fabrics.EFFECT: increased efficiency in moisture absorption and improved conditions in space under clothing.5 cl, 2 dwg

ulti-layered item for service // 2242150
The invention relates to the field of garment industry and can be used, for example, in the medical field when creating fixtures used in clothing to disguise defects of the shoulder girdle

Combat clothing fire from heat-resistant materials // 2233603
The invention relates to the production of protective clothing and can be used by firefighters, members of the emergency services and members of other professions when working at elevated temperatures or by contact with an open flame

ultilayer package // 2201703
The invention relates to a multilayer material that is used as a vented shock resistant panels in the garment products with active thermal protection, in particular with forced ventilation pagodinho space, for protection against low (high) temperature, mechanical stress, as well as insulating panels in construction

The way to reduce migration of the components of the volumetric unrelated insulation through seams // 2177237
The invention relates to the garment industry, in particular to the technology of making clothes with surround unrelated insulation

The package of materials for clothing with high heat-saving properties // 2165228
The invention relates to light industry, in particular to the production of clothing for protection from the cold

Enhanced adhesion film nonwoven laminate // 2160801
The invention relates to a film layered nonwoven materials, including stretched and thinned gas-permeable film, which is applied to the image or grid of adhesive substance to increase the endurance and strength of the stretched and thinned film

ultilayer heat-reflecting material with improved physical-mechanical indicators // 2144777
The invention relates to the manufacturing of artificial leather and can be used in the manufacture of materials for technical use (blankets, tents, etc
The material for the heat - and fire-resistant clothing and the way of obtaining aluminium-containing filler for him // 2127537
The invention relates to the field of protective equipment, in particular remedies - service for the protection of firefighters working in the area of fire, high temperatures, etc

Combined material for clothing // 2119289
The invention relates to materials for making clothes and can be used for the manufacture of any service

aterial for protection from the effects of heat and corrosive liquids // 2105517
The invention relates to remedies and, in particular, can be used for the manufacture of protective clothing firefighters and personnel rescue service

A method of manufacturing a bilateral volumetric paintings // 2014789
The invention relates to light industry, and more specifically, to methods for producing bilateral volumetric fabrics for use in garments (such as jackets, coats and so on) and for the manufacture of blankets, rugs, etc

Fire-retardant fibrous material // 2008044
The invention relates to the production of flame retardant materials with high reflectivity and can be used in the manufacture of clothing for protection against fire, high temperatures and exposure to thermal radiation

ultilayer material // 2004170

ultilayer material // 2004169
 
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