Human necessities (A)

A            Human necessities(308424)

Salts and crystalline forms of apottosis-inducing agent // 2628560
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a compound having the systematic name 4-(4-{[2-(4-chlorophenyl)-4,4-dimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl]methyl}piperazin-1-yl)-N-({3-nitro-4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ylmethyl)amino]phenyl}sulfonyl)-2-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yloxy) benzamide (compound 1) in the form of a free base crystalline anhydrate, a free base hydrate of crystalline form, a solvate of crystalline form, a hydrochloride salt of crystalline form, or a sulfate salt of crystalline form. The invention also relates to a pharmaceutical composition having an inhibitory activity against anti-apoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family comprising a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of the invention and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.EFFECT: crystalline forms of compound 1 suitable for use as an active pharmaceutical ingredient.21 cl, 14 dwg, 14 tbl, 17 ex
Oral care products, including zinc oxide and trimethylglycine // 2628540
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to oral care compositions, consisting of a mixture of zinc oxide and trimethylglycine (TMG), where the TMG is included into the composition in the form of hydrohalogenide, and zinc oxide and TMG form soluble complexes, selected from zinc-TMG-hydrohalogenide complexes, zinc-hydrohalogenide complexes and mixtures, where the hydrohalogenide is selected from hydrofluoride, hydrochloride and hydrobromide, as well as to a method for tooth enamel erosion treatment or mitigation, biofilm and bacterial plaque reduction, gingivitis reduction, tooth decay and cavities formation reduction, dentin hypersensitivity reduction, including application of such composition to the teeth, zinc oxide application together with the TMG in the form of hydrohalogenide during oral care composition production.EFFECT: creation of a complex, capable of yielding a solution which precipitates when diluted.15 cl, 4 ex, 6 tbl

Antimicrobial compositions of wide spectrum of action based on taurolidine and protamine combininations and medical devices containing such compositions // 2628539
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions designed for antimicrobial treatment of implantable medical devices. The antimicrobial composition for antimicrobial coating application to medical devices contains about 50 to 99 wt % of taurolidine and about 1 to 50 wt % of protamine. For medical device coating, a medical device with at least one surface is provided and at least a portion of the said antimicrobial coating is applied to the surface. Polymeric resin which comprises the said composition is also provided for the manufacture of medical devices.EFFECT: antimicrobial composition effective against a wide range of microbes.80 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl, 4 ex

Composition including amlodipine and losartan having improved stability // 2628538
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: pharmaceutical composition for cardiovascular disorders prevention and treatment is described. The said composition comprises amlodipine besylate in an amount of 1.7 to 1.72 wt %, potassium losartan in an amount of 12.22 to 12.37 wt %, and propyl gallate in an amount of 0.01 wt %, based on the total weight of the composition. The said composition has the form of a two-layer pill having two separate layers consisting of an amlodipine layer containing amlodipine besylate and propyl gallate and a layer of losartan containing potassium losartan.EFFECT: improved composition stability in combination with simplicity of preparation.6 cl, 21 tbl, 2 dwg, 5 ex
Treatment of coagulation disease by administration of recombinant vwf // 2628537
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a method of treating von Willebrand's disease or hemophilia A in a patient in need of treatment comprising administering to the patient a recombinant vWF (vWF) factor so that the half-life of factor VIII is prolonged compared to a patient administered vWF derived from blood plasma, where pFB is not modified with an aqueous soluble polymer. In this case, the pFB is a composition of high molecular weight PV multimers containing at least 20% of the PV emperors or higher-order multimers, with the rVB having a higher specific activity than the vWF derived from the blood plasma. The group of inventions also relates to a method for treating hemophilia A or vWF in a patient in need of treatment that includes administering to the patient a recombinant vWF (vWF) factor, wherein the half-life of FVIII is at least 1.5 times higher than the half-life of FVIII in the patient being treated Von Willebrand factor derived from blood plasma.EFFECT: increase in the half-life of FVIII in the treatment of von Willebrand disease or haemophilia A in the subject.29 cl, 5 ex, 22 dwg, 34 tbl

Production and application of bacterial histamine // 2628536
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: method for selecting a probiotic lactic bacterial strain for use in the local production of histamine in a mammal is provided. A product and composition for the local production of histamine in a mammal containing a lactic acid bacterial strain having an active histidine operon and capable of producing histamine is proposed for use in the treatment and/or prevention of inflammatory conditions.EFFECT: local production of histamine in a mammal by selecting certain strains of lactic acid bacteria.13 cl, 9 dwg, 2 tbl, 5 ex
External application means for chronic dermatosis treatment, and method for its production // 2628535
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used as a preventive and therapeutic agent with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, intended for external use, for treatment of all kinds of chronic dermatoses: dermatitis, neurodermatitis, furunculosis, eczema, fungal diseases, parasitic skin diseases, acne, and method for its production. The external agent for treatment of chronic dermatitis in the form of an aqueous suspension of mercuric monochloride is prepared by a process comprising premixing of powdered mercury monochloride with nitric acid at the following ratio of components, wt %: mercury monochloride 0.3-0.6; nitric acid 0.6-1.0, at a temperature of 70-90°C, stirring for 1 hour. Then the obtained solution is mixed with water of high mineralization from the "Belaya Gorka" mineral source to 100 wt %. At that, the pH of the obtained suspension is adjusted to 1-2 with nitric acid.EFFECT: increased efficiency of treatment.2 cl, 7 ex

Composition containing buffered lactic acid // 2628534
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine, specifically to lubricating compositions containing buffered lactic acid with pH in the range of 3.0 to 6.5. The composition has an aqueous activity of 0.10 to 0.50 and the predetermined aqueous activity is obtained by drying.EFFECT: when the absorbent article contacts the skin or mucous membrane of the user, the friction between the absorbent article and the skin or mucosa decreases, the composition has a pH value in the range corresponding to acids that is close to the pH of skin or mucous membrane.13 cl, 9 dwg, 3 tbl, 1 ex
Anti-cellulite gel // 2628533
FIELD: cosmetology.SUBSTANCE: gel further contains pectin, hydrogenated castor oil, wheat germ oil, ginger essential oil, chlorella, propylene glycol extract of juniper, propylene glycol extract of horsetail, propylene glycol extract of horse chestnut, glycerin, preservative and water, the agent components are in a certain ratio, in wt %.EFFECT: increased tone and strengthening of blood vessel walls, lipid metabolism stimulation, surface smoothing, increased skin resilience and elasticity, cellulite elimination.1 tbl
ethod of increasing symbiotic activity of grain legume crops // 2628520
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method involves cultivating crops and applying zeolite-containing clay alanite dissolved in water. In this case, 2-3 weeks after emergence, plants are fertilized with a mixture of poultry litter and potassium humate in a ratio of 2:1, which is mixed with alanite saturated with boron-containing mineral water Karmadon for 20-24 hours in the same ratio. Repeated cultivation is carried out in the budding-flowering phase with potassium humate in a concentration of 0.2% aqueous solution.EFFECT: method allows to increase the fertility of soils, the productivity of grain legume crops and the efficiency of cultivation through the use of local raw materials.1 tbl, 2 ex

Tool with reduced hydraulic oil exchange // 2628517
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: frame has seven sections in the position for use in the field and nine sections in the folded position. The frame construction allows the frame having the width more than 27 m to be folded into the transport position having the width of less than eight meters and the height of less than six metres. The hydraulic system is used to carry the weight to the main or central frame section during folding and unfolding in order to increase the frame stability. The hydraulic system uses one or more accumulators to minimize the amount of oil reduction in the tractor tank, caused by the extension of the hydraulic cylinders of the tool. The time periods of the tool raising and lowering cycle are minimized due to providing the second auxiliary cylinder for lifting the main section of the frame when the weight of the entire tool is on the main section and for enabling the use of a smaller cylinder for lifting the main frame section in the position for use in the field and shortening the time periods of the tool raising and lowering cycle for turns in the field.EFFECT: increasing the frame stability during the folding process and reducing the load on the inner wheel assemblies.6 cl, 17 dwg
Agricultural aqueous suspension chemical composition // 2628513
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: agricultural aqueous suspension chemical composition contains a compound represented by the following formula (I), or acceptable for agriculture and horticulture acid addition salt thereof as an active ingredient, the condensate alkyl naphthalene sulfonate and formalin, and one, or two or more compounds selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfate, alkyl ether sulfate, polyoxyalkylene, alkylphosphoric acid and its salts, simple polioksialkilenphosphoric alkyl ester and salt thereof, and a simple alkyl polioksialkilenacetic ester acid and salts thereof, wherein R1 represents COR4' or COOR5 (wherein R4' and R5 represent a C1-4 alkyl group), R2 represents a C1-4 alkyl group, R3 represents a C1-4 alkyl group, X1 and X2, each independently, represent an atom hydrogen or C1-4 alkyl group optionally substituted by halogen atom, provided that X1 and X2 are not simultaneously a hydrogen atom, X3 represents a hydrogen atom, W1, W2 and W3 represent C-Y1, C-Y2 and C-Y3 respectively, Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5, each independently represents a hydrogen atom, C1-8 alkyloxy or galogen atom (wherein C1-8 alkyloxy substituted by one or more halogen atoms, which may be identical or different, and/or C1-4alkiloksigruppoy substituted by one or more halogen atoms, which may be identical or different), in the condition that X1 and X2 are not simultaneously a hydrogen atom, X3 is a hydrogen atom, W1, W2 and W3 are C-Y1, C-Y2 and C-Y3 respectively, Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5, each Independently represents a hydrogen atom, a C1-8 alkyloxy group or a halogen atom (wherein the C1-8 alkyloxy group is substituted by one or more halogen atoms which may be the same or different and/or a C1-4 alkyloxy group substituted by one or more halogen atoms which can Be the same or different), provided that at least one of Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 Y5 is a C1-8 alkyloxy group (wherein the C1-8 alkyloxy group is substituted by one or more halogen atoms which may be the same or different and/or a C1-4 alkyloxy group substituted by one or more halogen atoms which may be the same or different), Or two adjacent groups selected from Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5 can be taken together to form -O-(CH2)nO- substituted with one or more halogen atoms (where n is 1 or 2) and Z is an oxygen atom.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the effectiveness of pest control and storage stability.4 cl, 2 tbl
Separating load-gripping mechanism of convergent type of movement // 2628511
FIELD: wood processing industry.SUBSTANCE: separating load-gripping mechanism of the ascending type of motion includes a ballistic-type load-holding mechanism, held by an aerostat, which is divided into two working units by means of four side winches for processing a vertically standing tree. The separating load-gripping mechanism comprises a ball-retaining upper and lower independent ball elements retained by the balloon at the edge of which the gripping and shearing mechanisms are disposed. Each of the beam elements is held on a balloon by two personal electric cargo ropes and acts as a manipulator, the frontal guidance of which on the tree trunk is performed due to the balloon displacement by means of a ground winch and pull-pull ropes. At the point of guidance, both beam elements are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the tree trunk.EFFECT: work is carried out related to pruning branches and branches from vertically standing trees, keeping the trunk at its cut and taking it out of the forest canopy and moving it with a balloon to the unloading point.5 cl, 4 dwg
Herbicidal composition // 2628507
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: herbicidal composition comprises a cyclohexanone compound represented by the formula (I) and at least one compound selected from Group A. Formula . Group A consists of benoxacor, cloquintoset-mexyl, quimetrine, dichloromide, fenchlorazole-ethyl, fenchloride, flurazole, furylazole, mefenpyr-diethyl, oxabethrinyl, isoxadifen-ethyl, cyprosulfamide, fluxofenim, 1.8-naphthalic anhydride and AD-67.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the weed control effectiveness.7 cl, 78 tbl
Composition of gelated sweet (versions) and method of its manufacturing // 2628506
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: proposed gelated sweet composition comprises at least 10 wt % of erythritol in terms of dry substances, at least 50 wt % of sucrromalt in terms of dry substances, at least 5 wt % of branched inulin in terms of dry substances and at least 4 wt % of a gelling agent in terms of dry substances. The gelling agent is selected from gelatin, pectin, starch, dextrin, hydrocolloids, milk proteins or combinations thereof.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a gelated sweet with the reduced cariogenicity and the acceptable texture.8 cl, 9 tbl

ethods of increasing yield of agricultural crops resistant to 2,4-d // 2628504
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: to increase the yield of soybean plants resistant to 2.4-D, they are treated with 2.4-D at the growth stage of V3 and R2 with the application rate from 1000 to 2000 g ke/ha. To increase the yield of a soybean plant resistant to 2.4-D: (a) soybean cells are transformed with the molecule of a nucleic acid comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding aryloxyalkanoate dioxygenase (AAD); (b) transformed cells undergo the selection; (c) soybean plants are regenerated from the transformed cells; and (d) 2.4-Dis applied at the growth stage of V3 and R2 of a 2.4-D-resistant soybean plant which is treated with 2.4-D at the application rate from 1000 to 2000 g ke/ha.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the soybean crop capacity.18 cl, 3 dwg, 44 tbl, 24 ex

System of monitoring and controlling garden tool operations within operation area // 2628502
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: monitoring and control system includes a control device for simultaneously monitoring and controlling the operations of garden tools of various types in their operation area.EFFECT: reliably controlling the operations of garden tools.14 cl, 10 dwg
Composition for manufacturing "amber" cake // 2628501
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: composition for manufacturing the cake contains wheat flour of the highest grade, medium rye flour, granulated sugar, cream margarine, food chicken eggs, dried fruits (dried apricots), vanillin, food table salt, ammonium carbonate salt, sugar powder, at the following ratio of components, wt %: wheat flour of the highest grade - 18.67; medium rye flour - 12.38; sugar -18.86; cream margarine - 19.26; food chicken eggs - 15.44; dried fruits (dried apricots) - 14.07; vanillin - 0.01; food table salt - 0.09; ammonium carbonate salt 0.24; sugar powder - 0.98.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the energy value and cost of the finished product, to increase its nutritional value, and also to expand the assortment of cakes using rye raw materials.4 tbl, 1 ex

ethod of biomelioration of degraded rainfed lands // 2628500
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes the excavation-free diagnostics during the survey, the mapping of the site, the preparation of the programme for switching on and off the operating elements from the control panel and linking the coordinate system via the GPS receiver of the combined unit with the reference to the geographical coordinates, and transmitting the results to the control processor of the combined unit performing the simultaneous processing. Shrub growth, stems of herbaceous plants and soil aggregates are mechanically ground with separating into fractions, bulk subsoil loosening is carried out. The soil is chemically treated with distributing an ameliorant and mineral fertilizers, liquid manure and a solution with nitrogen-fixing micro-organisms are introduced in the soil, seed mixtures are additionally sown at strip cultivation of plants, seed mixtures of legumes and an integumentary grain crop are sown over the screen, and on the marker strip - seed mixtures of drought-tolerant halophytes, treated with growth stimulants. Bulk subsoil loosening is carried out with the formation of a curved surface of the loosened soil bottom for draining the products of chemical reactions with water from the soil to the strip with halophytes without being carried to rivers and water bodies. Screens waterproof during the period of atmospheric precipitation and permeable by the roots of plants during drought are formed, the organomineral mixture in the gas shell is supplied to the screens through the cavities of the racks of voluminous rippers under dumps, with its composition, vol. %: 35…50 - plant residues and humus, 3…10 - montmorillonite, 15…40 - marine mixed sediment type, 0…15 - iron vitriol, 15…37 - clay. Wherein the main treatment of strips with dump-free depth-adjustable cutting of the upper soil layer is carried out and simultaneously the underlying layer of soil and subsoil solonetz is treated. The chemical ameliorant is applied to disintegrated lumps, an interlayer of 0.03…0.08 m from liquid manure is formed in a cavity between the cut-up soil layer and that treated with introducing an ameliorant.EFFECT: shortening the terms of reclamation works and favourable air and nutrient regime for the development of the root mass of plants and increasing their yields allows to reduce labour costs for pre-design studies, to obtain on rainfed lands desalinated soil with a moisture reserve while regulating the volumes of water accumulated above the screens and in the loosened ground, contributes to the implementation of works with directed treatment of hummocks, curtains of bushes, solonetz with savings of introduced ameliorants, prevents the development of wind erosion.4 cl, 3 dwg

Thermally stable chocolate // 2628499
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: premix is proposed for a fat-based confectionery product containing the confectionery product ingredients comprising a polyol, a natural and/or artificial sweetener, a fat component, and components from defatted dry substances. Said premix contains a polyol and a second component comprising a monosaccharide. The polyol includes glycerol. A fat-based confectionery product obtained from said premix is proposed. The fat-based confectionery product is thermally stable at the temperature of 37°C. A method for obtaining a confectionery fat-based product containing the confectionery product components comprising a polyol, a natural and/or artificial sweetener, a fat component, and components of defatted dry substances is proposed as well. The method comprises preparing a premix of a fat-based confectionery product comprising a polyol with the boiling point above 105°C and a monosaccharide, and mixing the premix with other components of the fat-based confectionery product with obtaining a confectionery fat-based product. The polyol includes glycerol.EFFECT: invention provides heat-resistant confectionery products with specified organoleptic properties that are able to keep their shape and structure before consumption.21 cl, 48 dwg, 7 tbl, 3 ex
Cultivator shovel // 2628491
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: cultivator shovel comprises the shank, the bow part, the base with symmetrical left and right wings. Overhead elements are installed on the bow part and the wings. The overhead elements in the form of curved plates are made of wear resistant alloy steel. The overhead elements are attached to the base and the bow part on the lower shovel side with the convex side down by means of bolted connections. The overhead elements edges protrude forward from the anterior shovel base borders, forming a cutting edge. The central overhead element of the bow part is formed with bilateral arrow-like cusp and bilateral reinforcing plasma-powder surfacing according to the logarithmic curve shape on the lower part of the blades. The side bilateral overhead elements of the wings are made parallelogram-shaped with alternately, starting from the middle one, alternating of the bilateral reinforcing plasma-powder surfacing according to the logarithmic curve shape in the lower part of their blades. The plate thickness of the central and side overhead elements is respectively 1/2 and 1/4 of the shovel base thickness.EFFECT: increasing the needed quality indices of the cultivation process, increasing the reliability, durability and maintainability of a cultivator shovel.2 cl, 3 dwg

Surgery guide, appropriate for patient and method for its application // 2628464
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: device is adapted to interface with an anatomical feature of a particular vertebra of a patient and comprises a medial body positioned adjacent to the vertebra and having a proximal end and a distal end, the first guide selectively attached to the medial body. The first guide has the first distal surface that is anatomically mated to at least one first contour of the said particular vertebra when the first guide is attached to the medial body, the second guide is selectively attached to the medial body. The second guide has a second distal surface that is anatomically mated to at least one second contour of the said particular vertebra when the second guide is attached to the medial body, wherein the first and the second distal surfaces are defined from the patient's anatomy and are complementary thereto.EFFECT: use of the invention allows to increase the safety and effectiveness of the surgical procedure completion.18 cl, 43 dwg

ethod for information processing // 2628463
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: devices and a method are provided comprising a contact lens that facilitates collection and/or processing of information related to the measured features. In one aspect, the system may comprise a contact lens with an analyte component. The contact lens may include: a substrate; and a circuit located on or in the substrate. The circuit may include: a plurality of sensors configured to measure corresponding features associated with the contact lens carrier; and a communication component configured to transmit information indicating the measured features. The analytical component can be configured to: receive information indicating the measured features; and generating statistical information based on at least information indicating the measured features.EFFECT: extended range of technical means.13 cl, 9 dwg

System of lenses for presbyopes with different eye vision // 2628462
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: set of lenses for patients with presbyopia with different eyesight contains: a selection guide with lens design and additional optical power options and a group of lenses having a variety of designs, each having its own refractive power. In such a system, for each lens design and selection specified in the guide, the visual inconsistency of is within the range specified by unequations >0.2*add. power + 0.2 and <0.7*add. power + 0.5. The value of additional power is less than or equal to 1. A method for creation of a set of contact lenses for patients with presbyopia with different eye vision contains the following stages: creation of a guide for selection with lenses optical power and required additional power; establishment of an evaluation function, which provides measurement of binocular vision at a great distance, middle distance and near in the entire range of additional power specified in the guide; and application of optimisation to establish lens design and modification of the selection guide that reduce the overall assessment function of the system.EFFECT: application of this group will improve visual effectiveness.13 cl, 16 dwg, 6 tbl, 4 ex

Ultrasonic tip // 2628461
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: tip system comprises: an ultrasonic tip that includes a vibration source configured to generate a plurality of ultrasonic vibrations, and a sound receiver configured to convert vibrations to ultrasonic motion; and a blade connected to the sound receiver and made to move under the influence of ultrasonic movements. The blade has a blade handle with a central axis and a razorblade. The blade has a proximal portion extending from the distal end of the blade handle, and a tip extending from the distal end of the proximal portion. The central axis of the proximal portion has a non-zero bending angle θ, the value of which is greater than 0 and less than 30 degrees relative to the central axis of the blade handle; and the tip central axis is located at an angle of the θ razor blade, from 20 to 60 degrees relative to the central axis of the blade handle.EFFECT: use of this invention allows membrane separation during surgery of a patient with retinopathy.11 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for transposition of lower-polar aberrated kidney vessel in case of hydronephrosis // 2628460
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: transposition of the lower polar aberrated kidney vessel during hydronephrosis is performed by a flap from the parietal peritoneum of the abdominal cavity lateral canal. A flap on the feeding leg is directed under the aberrated lower-polar vessel and the vessel is moves upwards by pulling from the ureterocutaneous segment. The stretched flap is fixed by the fibrous capsule of the kidney to its front surface.EFFECT: method allows to exclude microcirculation disorders in the kidney capsule and cortical layer, as well as massive cicatricial process in the perirenal space.5 dwg

New pyrimidine inhibitors of human adenovirus replication // 2628456
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new 5-aminouracil derivatives containing 4-(phenoxy) benzyl or ω-(phenoxy)alkyl substituent in the N1 position, corresponding to the general structural formula (I). Compounds represent a new class of anti-adenoviral agents of a non-nucleoside nature. In the general formula (I), X = CH or N; Y=(CH2)2, (CH2)3, (CH2)4 or C6H4; R1= H, R2= C6H or 3,5-Cl2C6H3; R1+R2= morpholino; R3=H, F or Cl.EFFECT: compounds have a selective antiviral effect against human adenoviruses and can be used for treatment of adenoviral infections.1 dwg, 3 tbl, 11 ex
ethod for producing sweet cherry compote // 2628446
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: jars with pre-packaged and syrup-filled fruits are placed in a microwave chamber and heated for 1.5-2.0 minutes by microwave energy at the frequency of 2400±50 MHz to 82-83°C. After that, the jars are pre-sealed with lids, and the jars with the product with the pre-sealed lids heated in a heated air stream at the temperature of 140°C and the speed of 6.5-7.0 m/s for 15 minutes. Then the jars are finally sealed, the heat treatment is continued in hot water with the temperature of 95°C for 10 minutes and cooled by irrigation with water at a variable temperature of 70-25°C for 15 min.EFFECT: reducing the heat treatment duration and improving the finished product quality.1 ex

Self-propelled combine harvester // 2628445
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: self-propelled combine harvester contains a spreader for distributing straw which is installed in the rear part of the combine and receives straw from the residual grain extractor. The spreader consists of two spinning discs which operate on the principle of a blowloader. The disks are set in motion towards each other with their own drive elements and have radial grippers on their end surfaces in contact with the straw. It is possible to control the spreading process or the width of the spread due to the fact that each spinning disc can be rotated from a substantially horizontal position about an axis oriented along the longitudinal axis of the combine harvester.EFFECT: spreader of the combine harvester ensures uniform application of straw into the soil and its uniform rotting.10 cl, 4 dwg

Portable device for grain aeration // 2628442
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for active aeration with atmospheric or heated air, or with a gas-air mixture of grain material in enclosed spaces, various containers or stored in the form of a collar on open currents. A portable device for grain aeration comprises a tubular structure with apertures. The open end of the tubular structure is connected to the discharging fan diffuser. The closed end of the tubular structure is made convergent. The tubular structure is made rigid in the form of a tube (5) with perforations. The discharging fan diffuser has a flange connection with a confuser. The confusor is connected to the tube. Knobs (6) are located at the top of the tube. A clear opening regulator (7) of the perforated part of the tube is located inside the tube. The convergent end (8) of the tube has an air deflector (9). The outer surface of the convergent part of the tube is equipped with an auger-type two-way screw (10). A rotary adjusting flap (12) is located between the mating of the spiral housing (11) wall of the fan and the flange connection of the discharging diffuser.EFFECT: increased efficiency of aeration or drying of grain material.2 dwg

Seeder for herbs band seeding into sod // 2628440
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: seeder for herbs band seeding into sod contains the following components, serially arranged on a frame 1: a milling section 2 with working elements in the form of L-shaped blades 6, a seed box with seeding devices 3 and compacting rollers 4. The milling section 2 has a mechanism for sod treatment depth adjustment and is covered with a housing 16. In the back of the housing 16, seed guides 17 are installed. The L-shaped blades 6 have a wing part deflected at an angle α in the longitudinal-vertical plane. The deflected part of the blade wing has a trapezoidal shape. The blade wing has a cutout of the metal which is not more than the half of its width with the formation of the rear edge with the deflected part and the lateral edge. Along the latter, a loosening element in the form of a plate equal to the height of the deflected wing part is fixed.EFFECT: invention will allow to reduce the specific energy intensity of the process with a high quality of uniform loosening and compaction of soil in the bands after seeding, which provides the necessary conditions for the growth and development of herb seeds.5 dwg
ethod for extracting pectin substances from sugar beet production wastes // 2628435
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for extracting pectin substances includes washing the raw materials with water, grinding, sonication, hydrolysis and extraction, precipitation of pectin substances and their purification from the pectin-containing extract with ethyl alcohol. The sonication is carried out at the fixed frequency of 350 Hz, with the subsequent hydrolysis and extraction at the temperature of 55°C with the 1% solution of ammonium oxalate for 45-50 minutes. The obtained pectin-containing extract is purified and pectin substances are precipitated with ethyl alcohol with the addition of sodium chloride salt in the amount not exceeding 10 g per litre of the alcohol. Wherein the sonication is carried out for 20 minutes at the temperature of 40°C.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the yield of pectin and does not require the use of strong mineral acids as an extractant.3 ex

Grain-separating machine // 2628433
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: grain-separating machine contains a frame, a device for receiving grain, two swinging sieve boots and a drive shaft for communicating antiphase vibrations to the sieve boots. The two swinging sieve boots are arranged in two tiers. The upper sieve boot is mounted on a pair of suspensions and a pair of racks, and the lower sieve boot - on a pair of racks and a pair of suspensions, or vice versa. The fixing points of each pair of suspensions and the fixing points of the opposing pair of racks on the machine frame are at an equal distance from the horizontal plane passing between these points.EFFECT: dynamic balance of the grain-separating machine.1 dwg

Biogas plant for manure processing // 2628425
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: biogas unit contains a bioreactor with series-interconnected tanks having overflow baffles and equipped with pipelines for supplying manure substrate and extracting fermented mass, with heaters, stirring devices and unit for collecting and releasing biogas. The bioreactor has one reactor tank and five annular maturing tanks, made of reinforced concrete structures. Tubular heaters are installed at the bottom of each tank. The baffles of the annular maturing tanks have overflow windows, which are in diametrical opposition to each other and at different depths. There is a gas holder above the bioreactor. The lower end of its ring is dipped into a hydraulic gate. A backer plate of the gas holder is welded on the outer side of the ring. It pivots on four serpentine rollers, two of which are rigidly fixed in the foundation, and two are compensators. There are cross braces inside the gas holder ring. A hard stirrer for the main reactor tank and chain stirrers for annular maturing tanks are fixed thereto. The baffles of the annular maturing tanks are made of bimetal. The baffle bimetal material on the side of dropped substrate has a heat-conductivity coefficient which is 2.0-2.5 times greater than the one on the side the subsequent maturing tank. The hard stirrer for the main reactor tank and chain stirrers for the annular maturing tanks are connected with a gear motor, which is designed as a drive with a rotational speed control device coupled with a temperature control device and temperature sensor, located in the main reactor tank. The temperature control device includes comparing and setting units, an electronic and magnetic amplifier, a nonlinear feedback unit. The rotational speed control device is designed as a block of magnetic powder couplings. The biogas extracting device is equipped with a nozzle and a swirler, which is composed of plates, the inlet and outlet sections of which are located one opposite to the other at right angle. And the nozzle at the smaller outlet port has an annular groove which is connected with a mud collector. The outer surface of the gas holder is covered with a fine-fiber basalt material made of twisted bundles which are longitudinally extended from the ring to the top of the gas holder.EFFECT: maintaining the specified quality of a finished product at low ambient temperatures.6 dwg

Edible product and method of its manufacturing // 2628424
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: extruder head is provided, having a linear arrangement of at least two interconnected openings, the adjacent openings being separated by a connecting portion. One or more edible materials, including chocolate, are extruded through said extruder head to form an edible product. Said product comprises a plurality of extruded parts joined together along their length by the frangible connecting part that extends along the length of the product continuously and has at least one recess defining the preferred tear line. The height of the connecting portion of the product is smaller than the height of the openings, whereby the frangible connecting part is thinner than the product part, and the width of the connecting portion is from 5% to 80% of the width of the openings.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the production efficiency, does not require additional equipment for packaging.13 cl, 13 dwg

Silent operation method and equipment of automatic cleaning device, and electronic device // 2628421
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of silent operation of the automatic cleaning device is that commands of silent operation are received, a noiseless route is planned, in accordance with the command of silent operation, switched to silent mode and cleaning operations are performed in accordance with a noiseless route. The silent operation of the automatic cleaning device comprises a command receiving unit configured to receive a silent operation command, a route planning unit configured to schedule a noiseless route, according to a silent operation command and a mode switching unit configured to switch to a silent mode and perform a cleaning operation in accordance with a noiseless route. The electronic device comprises a processor and a memory for storing instructions used by the processor. Herewith the processor is configured to perform a silent operation.EFFECT: reducing the impact on the user caused by high noise activity.17 cl, 16 dwg

icrobial inoculants and fertilisers composition containing them // 2628411
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: microbial inoculant for increasing of plant growth, plant productivity and/or soil quality contains strains of two or more species of bacteria selected from Lactobacillus parafarraginis, Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus rapi and Lactobacillus zeae. The microbial inoculant contains at least one bacterial strain selected from Lactobacillus parafarraginis Lp18, Lactobacillus buchneri Lb23, Lactobacillus rapi Lr24 and Lactobacillus zeae Lz26. Application of inoculant as a fertiliser. The fertiliser composition contains a microbial inoculant. Application of the fertiliser composition. A method for increasing plant growth and/or productivity. A method to improve the quality of soil. Method for degraded soil or pasture recultivation.EFFECT: inventions make it possible to obtain fertilisers based on microorganisms that are effective in provision of nutrients for plant growth, and are environmentally safe.35 cl, 11 dwg, 5 tbl, 9 ex
Chocolate product // 2628402
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing a food waffle product or a product in the form of a waffle tube, containing chocolate, is proposed, comprising the stages of: (a) preparing the baking mixture containing a starch source and liquid chocolate; (b) baking the baking mixture in a baking plant; the liquid chocolate making 5 to 70 wt % of the baking mixture, wherein the baking mixture contains at least 30 wt % of a water-containing liquid. A food waffle product or a product in the form of a waffle tube, containing chocolate, is proposed, prepared from the baking mixture containing a starch source, liquid chocolate and at least 30 wt % of a water-containing liquid, the liquid chocolate making 5 to 70 wt % of the chocolate baking mixture. A food waffle product or a product in the form of a waffle tube, containing chocolate, manufactured by this method, is also proposed, the chocolate being uniformly distributed throughout the stable, preferably crispy, base made of starch subjected to heat treatment.EFFECT: invention allows to effectively obtain waffles and other crispy foods containing chocolate.10 cl, 2 dwg, 4 tbl, 2 ex

Insert of milking machine // 2628401
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: insert of the milking machine contains a chamber defining the internal space for receiving the teat. The chamber has a polygonal cross-sectional shape perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. The polygonal cross-sectional shape has a plurality of corner portions and a plurality of side portions each connecting two of the corner portions. Each corner portion comprises an inner surface facing the inner space and having an inner radius extending from the inner space to the inner surface. The inner radius is the same for each corner section. The inner radius of each corner portion is at least 4 mm in the central part of the corner section.EFFECT: reducing teat deformation.17 cl, 11 dwg

eat processing device, containing x-ray analyzer // 2628400
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: meat processing device contains meat processing unit (2) for processing of meat or meat products. Unit (2) contains the output (4) of the unit; and the X-ray analyzer (6), containing the X-ray source (10) for emitting the X-ray beam (24) to the processed meat in the analysis area (22), and the associated with it the X-ray detector (12) to detect the X-rays, coming from the source (10), and interacting with the processed meat; the conveyor (14), disposed within the housing (8) and adapted to transport the processed meat from the inlet (16) to the outlet (18), through the analysis area (22), located outside the processing unit (2). The X-ray analyzer (6) contains the housing (8), containing the inlet (16), coming inside the housing (8) and the outlet (18), coming therefrom, and designed so to provide the complete protection of the personnel against the X-rays except for the beams directed to the inlet (16), thanks to the curtains (20), located only on the outlet (18). The X-ray source (10) and detector (12) are located inside the housing (8) to analyze the processed meat on the conveyor (14). Also, the X-ray analyzer (6) is located outside the processing unit (2) and is movable relative to the meat processing unit (2) to and from the first position, in which the outlet (4) of the unit and the inlet (16) are connected to form the closed channel, that the unit outlet (4) extends beyond the inlet (16) and inside the housing (8) to the distance, selected not to affect the analysis area (22) to ensure the full personnel protection from X-rays, passing to the inlet (16) and for providing the closed channel for the processed meat, coming inside the processing unit (2) to the conveyor (14) inside the housing (8).EFFECT: improvement of the device, increase of the personnel protection.6 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for production of bakery products for nutrition of elderly people // 2628399
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing bakery products in two stages: at the first stage, leavened dough is prepared, and at the second stage, top-grade wheat flour, pressed bakery yeast, granulated sugar, food salt with reduced sodium content, enriched with potassium and magnesium, refined deodorized vegetable oil, dried grapes, and water are added thereto. Thereinafter, dough is kneaded and subjected to fermentation for 60 minutes and cutting, after which the dough pieces are proofed and baked. The leavened dough is prepared by mixing at the ratio of 1:(0.11-0.43):0.02 top-grade wheat flour, semi-defatted flax flour, pressed bakery yeast, water in an amount providing the leavened dough humidity of 45-48%. The resulting leavened dough is fermented for 150 minutes at the temperature of 26-32°C.EFFECT: improving the organoleptic and physicochemical indices of bread quality, increasing the nutritional value, increasing the microbiological safety and expanding the range of bakery products for the nutrition of elderly people.1 tbl, 3 ex

Anthocyan colouring composition // 2628398
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: colouring composition having a blue colour contains one or more anthocyans; metal ions of Fe (II), tannic acid as a stabiliser, in which the molar ratio of metal ions to anthocyanins is, at least, 0.5:1, and the molar ratio of stabiliser to anthocyanin is, at least, 0.5:1. The method for preparing a colouring composition having a blue colour comprises adjusting the pH of the anthocyan solution to a value between 3.5 and 8.0 before addition of Fe (II) metal ions and tannic acid as a stabiliser. Herewith the ratio of metal ions to anthocyanins is, at least, 0.5:1, and the molar ratio of stabiliser to anthocyanin is, at least, 0.5:1. The invention relates to the composition comprising a colouring composition, in which the pH is in the range of 3.5 to 8.0 and the composition is blue or green.EFFECT: improving the compound properties.13 cl, 1 dwg, 16 tbl, 9 ex

ethod for preparing granulated combined fodder for rabbits // 2628397
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method comprises preparing a multicomponent granular mixture based on a binder and containing a carbohydrate-vitamin composition. The carbohydrate component of the composition is represented by the ground substrate-fungus mass from spent straw briquettes obtained in the production of mushrooms of the "Pleurotus" genus, and the vitamin and binder ingredient is represented by carrot paste taken at the weight ratio of 1:2.EFFECT: increasing the strength of granules, obtaining a product with increased nutritional and biological value.2 dwg

icroencapsulated fire extinguishing agent and method of its obtaining // 2628375
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: describes a microencapsulated fire extinguishing agent comprising, in each microcapsule, a polymeric shell and a core containing as carrier gas components having a boiling point of -155 to +10°C, a flame retardant and a combustion inhibitor in a weight ratio: a carrier gas of 5-50%, a flame retardant of 30-70%, a flame retardant of 1-25%. A method for the preparation of microcapsules is also described.EFFECT: microencapsulated fire extinguishing agent with high reliability and fire-extinguishing efficiency was obtained.19 cl, 1 tbl, 8 ex
ethod for heterotopic ossification surgical treatment with local neural simulation of spastic syndrome // 2628370
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: for surgical treatment of heterotopic ossification with local neural simulation of the patient spastic syndrome, preliminary multilayer spiral computerized tomography (CT) is used to ptovide spatial imaging of bone structures and ossificates. The method of magnetic resonance imaging reveals the ossificate soft tissue component which is not visualized by MSCT. Then the heterotopic ossificate maturity stage is determine by calcium-phosphorus metabolism indices - alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and bone matrix formation marker PINP - N-terminal pro-peptide of type 1 procollagen in patient's venous blood. If the measured parameters of N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen - PINP are less than 76 ng/ml, even in case of an isolated lesion of one elbow or knee joint, alkaline phosphatase level is in the range 40-150 U/l and osteocalcin level is within 11-46 ng/mL, completion of osteoid formation and mineralization with formation and maturation of newly formed cancellous bone is concluded. In this case, surgical ossificates removal from the affected joint is prescribed. At that, local neural simulation of spastic syndrom is performed prior to surgical removal of ossificates, until it a stable decrease to the level of 0 to 1 on Ashworth scale is reached. Next, surgical treatment is performed involving ossificate resection or removal of an adequate volume of heterogeneous bone to restore the functionally adequate range of motion in the affected joint.EFFECT: possibility of surgical treatment of heterotopic ossification in patients with spastic syndrome, minimizing the risk of complications during surgical treatment, and pathological process recurrence.3 cl, 5 ex
ethod of multispiral computer tomography of slowly consolidated distraction regenerates of long bones of limbs // 2628369
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for multislice computed tomography of delayed consolidating distraction reductions (DCDR) of long limb bones (LLB) after repeated previous surgical interventions to compensate for the shortening of the patient's limb. Determining the spatial structure of the DCDR by performing 64 slices per revolution of the gantry with the cut thickness 0.625 mm, without tilting the gantry with a voltage of 120 kV, a current of 175 mA, in a time of 2.2 seconds at a pitch of 0.516:1. Using an overview transcript of 150-250 mm, multiplanar reconstruction of the image in two mutually perpendicular planes is performed - the frontal and sagittal planes, which reveal the localization, volume and character of the internal structure of the DCDR, as well as possible formed bone defects of the cortical layer of the DCDR. An evaluation of the stage of formation of the cortical layer of DCDR on axial sections is carried out by measuring the density along the perimeter of the patient's DCDR cortical layer in Hounsfield's unit (HU) and the density of the maternal bone in HU along its perimeter in its proximal and distal fragments adjacent to the DCDR. The value of the relative density is calculated - the ratio of the arithmetic mean density of the cortical layer of the patient DCDR to the index of the arithmetic mean density of its maternal bone in its proximal and distal sections adjacent to the DCDR. If the relative density is above 0.77, the fact of the passage of the natural consolidation of DCDR is established with sufficient metabolic maturity in the formation of compact bone tissue. At a value below 0.77, the fact of natural consolidation of DCDR with insufficient metabolic maturity is established, with a slow rate of formation of compact bone tissue.EFFECT: method provides an accurate definition of the localization, volume, nature of the internal structure of the distraction regenerate, possible formed bone defects of the cortical layer.2 cl, 3 ex
ethod for low invasive surgical stimulation of reparative osteogenesis of slowly consolidated distraction regenerates in combination with false connection of limbs long bones of limbs in case of soft scar tissues // 2628368
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: under the control of electron-optical transducer, a guiding drill rod is introduced through the slow-consolidating distraction regenerate area and the false joint area, through which a cutting tool in the form of a cannulated flexible shaft with a drill is then introduced, and a hole of a specified diameter is formed in the medullary canal of the long tubular bone using a replaceable cutting tools set with drills of increasing diameter. A nanostructured composite implant is inserted into the formed internal cavities through a hole of a predetermined diameter formed in the medullary canal of the long tubular bone in slowly consolidating distraction regenerate and the false joint area.EFFECT: method allows to reduce the time of distraction regenerate reconstruction into a full bone.2 cl
ethod for quantitative estimation of violations of right ventricle myocardium perfusion based on data of one-photon-emission computer tomography // 2628367
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used to quantify the violations of right ventricular (RV) myocardial perfusion according to single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is performed, and the ratio of the intensity radiopharmaceutical (RP) accumulation by the right and left ventricle (LV) is measured. At the same time, RV outflow is performed semi-automatically using the "restriction" and "masking" modes to obtain quantitative polar RV perfusion maps in addition to similar LV maps. Quantitative parameters of RV perfusion abnormalities are defined similar to LV, including data on absolute statistics of the account in each RV segment. Then the RV/LV(s) coefficient is calculated using the quantitative polar map data: RV/LV(s)=CmaxRV/CmaxLV, where Cmax RV, LV is the maximum value of the number of pulses in segments related to the RV and the LV, respectively. For RV/LV(s) values <0.3 the RV condition is interpreted as normal, the values of 0.3<RV/LV(s)<0.5 are interpreted as boundary values, RV/LV(s) values >0.5 are interpreted as signs of RV overload and hypertrophy.EFFECT: increased sensitivity, accuracy of quantification and diagnosis of violations of right ventricular myocardium perfusion, characterized by easy reproducibility and operational independence.4 dwg, 3 ex

ethod and device for determining greenhouse gases emission in ruminant animal // 2628365
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes determining the simulated function of the gases emission norm EM(t) for a ruminant animal, determining the moments of eating fodder by a ruminant animal, constructing the assumed real function of the emission norm ER(t) based on the simulated function of the emission norm and the moments of eating fodder, integration of ER(t) from T0 to T given. A device for estimating emissions of greenhouse gases is also provided, which is made with the possibility of implementing said method.EFFECT: group of inventions allows to adjust the calculations to establish the emissions of greenhouse gases in animals with knowing the moments of feeding an animal.22 cl, 4 dwg

Food composition // 2628364
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: food composition comprising an emulsion of the oil-in-water type containing 30-38% by weight of water and having the total fat content of 30% by weight or less and the water activity that at 20°C is equal from 0.8 to 0.92. The method for obtaining the composition comprises combining the oily and the aqueous phases which are exposed to the temperature equal to 50-150°C for 30 seconds or more. A confectionery product containing a confectionery shell and the food composition inside the shell. The method for obtaining a food product comprising placing the food composition in a cavity formed in the surface of a starch-based mould and applying a starch-containing composition to the surface of the food composition in the cavity in order to enclose the food composition into the shell. The food product comprising the food composition that represents an emulsion of the oil-in-water type containing 30-38% by weight of water and having the total fat content of 30% by weight or less and the water activity that at 20°C is equal from 0.8 to 0.92, the food composition being enclosed within the starch-containing layer. A confectionery product comprising one or more food products.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a product that, when consumed, causes the taste sensation characteristic to the consumption of a light, fresh, liquid product, which is characterized by the stable consistency.23 cl, 6 dwg, 2 tbl, 7 ex